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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764114/accelerating-the-worldwide-adoption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-strengthening-commitment-and-capacity-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#1
Phillip Baker, Alexandra Jones, Anne Marie Thow
In their recent article Roache and Gostin outline why governments and public health advocates should embrace soda taxes. The evidence is strong and continues to grow: such taxes can change consumer behavior, generate significant revenue and incentivize product reformulation. In essence, such taxes are an important and now well-established instrument of fiscal and public health policy. In this commentary we expand on their arguments by considering how the worldwide adoption of such taxes might be further accelerated...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739444/workplace-wellness-programming-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-study-of-corporate-key-informants-in-mexico-and-india
#2
Heather Wipfli, Kristin Dessie Zacharias, Nuvjote Nivvy Hundal, Luz Myriam Reynales Shigematsu, Deepika Bahl, Monika Arora, Shalini Bassi, Shubha Kumar
BACKGROUND: A qualitative study of key informant semi-structured interviews were conducted between March and July 2016 in Mexico and India to achieve the following aims: to explore corporations' and stakeholders' views, attitudes and expectations in relation to health, wellness and cancer prevention in two middle-income countries, and to determine options for health professions to advance their approach to workplace wellness programming globally, including identifying return-on-investment incentives for corporations to implement wellness programming...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713531/geographical-differences-in-semen-characteristics-of-13-892-infertile-men
#3
Haitham Elbardisi, Ahmad Majzoub, Sami Al Said, Khalid Al Rumaihi, Walid El Ansari, Alia Alattar, Mohamed Arafa
Objective: To assess the relationship between geographical differences and all semen parameters, across 13,892 infertile men of 84 diverse nationalities, recruited at a specialised tertiary hospital that represents the main healthcare provider in Qatar. Male infertility is an important and global public health problem. Despite this, there is a significant scarcity of epidemiological male infertility and semen analysis research in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, as well as geographical comparisons with other parts of the world...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680881/baricitinib-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-an-inadequate-response-to-conventional-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-united-states-and-rest-of-world-a-subset-analysis
#4
Alvin F Wells, Maria Greenwald, John D Bradley, Jahangir Alam, Vipin Arora, Cynthia E Kartman
INTRODUCTION: This article evaluates the efficacy and safety of baricitinib 4 mg versus placebo in United States including Puerto Rico (US) and rest of the world (ROW) subpopulations using data pooled from RA-BEAM and RA-BUILD, which enrolled patients with moderate-to-severe adult-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In RA-BEAM, patients with an inadequate response (IR) to methotrexate, at least one X-ray erosion, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ≥ 6 mg/L were randomized to placebo or orally administered baricitinib 4 mg daily or subcutaneously administered adalimumab 40 mg every other week...
April 21, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678070/quasi-monopoly-status-of-a-non-for-profit-reference-terminology-provider-an-exemplary-approach-on-transparency-improvement-regarding-licensing
#5
Heike Dewenter, Sylvia Thun
As the reference terminology SNOMED CT is gaining in significance and seems without alternative in interoperable Electronic Health Records, the holder of its intellectual property, the non-for-profit organization SNOMED International has achieved a quasi-monopoly status as a provider. We examine the current dealing with corporate transparency regarding SNOMED CT licensing together with policy recommendations derived from the research project ASSESS CT, in the context of collaboration with Standardization Organizations...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662305/parental-preference-and-perspectives-on-continuous-pulse-oximetry-in-infants-and-children-with-bronchiolitis
#6
Mohamed A Hendaus, Suzan Nassar, Bassil A Leghrouz, Ahmed H Alhammadi, Mohammed Alamri
Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate parental preference of continuous pulse oximetry in infants and children with bronchiolitis. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. Parents of infants and children <24 months old and hospitalized with bronchiolitis were offered an interview survey. Results: A total of 132 questionnaires were completed (response rate 100%)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661240/access-factors-linked-to-maternal-deaths-in-lundazi-district-eastern-province-of-zambia-a-case-control-study-analysing-maternal-death-reviews
#7
Nkumbula Moyo, Mpundu Makasa, Mumbi Chola, Patrick Musonda
BACKGROUND: Access factors associated with maternal death are important to understand because they are considered to be an essential measure of women's health and indicative of the performance of health care systems in any community globally. This study aimed to analyse the access risk factors linked to maternal deaths in Lundazi district of the Eastern Province of Zambia using secondary data obtained from maternal death reviews and delivery registers. METHODS: This was a case-control study with cases being recorded maternal deaths for Lundazi district (n = 100) while controls were randomly selected Lundazi District Hospital deliveries (n = 300) for the period 2010 to 2015...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649115/public-health-care-financing-and-the-costs-of-cancer-care-a-cross-national-analysis
#8
Ana Iolanda Voda, Ionel Bostan
Expenditure and financing aspects in the healthcare system in general, and in cancer care in particular, are subjects of increasing concern to the medical community. Nowadays, it is imperative for the healthcare system to respond to the challenge of universal access to quality healthcare, by measuring the financial resources within the healthcare sector. The purpose of this review is to highlight the major gaps in the healthcare expenditures for all types of care, as well as on cancer and anti-cancer drugs across 28 European Union member states...
April 12, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608872/policy-approaches-for-regulating-alcohol-marketing-in-a-global-context-a-public-health-perspective
#9
Marissa B Esser, David H Jernigan
Alcohol consumption is responsible for 3.3 million deaths globally or nearly 6% of all deaths. Alcohol use contributes to both communicable and noncommunicable diseases, as well as violence and injuries. The purpose of this review is to discuss, in the context of the expansion of transnational alcohol corporations and harms associated with alcohol use, policy options for regulating exposure to alcohol marketing. We first provide an overview of the public health problem of harmful alcohol consumption and describe the association between exposure to alcohol marketing and alcohol consumption...
April 1, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605513/pharmacovigilance-in-crisis-drug-safety-at-a-crossroads
#10
John Price
Pharmacovigilance (PV) is under unprecedented stress from fundamental changes in a booming pharmaceutical industry, from the challenges of creating and maintaining an increasingly complex PV system in a globally diverse regulatory environment, and from unpredicted consequences of historical PV cost-reduction strategies. At the same time, talent availability lags demand, and many PV professionals may no longer be finding personal fulfillment in their careers. The situation creates risks for companies. Advantages and disadvantages of potential strategies to address this increasing problem at a corporate and industry level and in collaboration with regulatory agencies are discussed, as well as opportunities to adopt new technologies, including artificial intelligence and machine-learning to automate pharmacovigilance operations...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578849/disparities-in-initial-oral-antidiabetic-medication-adherence-among-veterans-with-incident-diabetes
#11
Justin D Gatwood, Marie Chisholm-Burns, Robert Davis, Fridtjof Thomas, Praveen Potukuchi, Adriana Hung, Csaba P Kovesdy
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is a prevalent public health issue, particularly among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and negatively affects health outcomes. Because of the prevalence of DM among U.S. veterans, it is crucial to understand how well these patients adhere to oral antidiabetic (OAD) medication and whether certain subgroups are more likely to be nonadherent. OBJECTIVE: To assess initial OAD medication use among veterans with uncomplicated DM and determine factors associated with adherence in the first 2 years of treatment...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569338/gorilla-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-life-saving-collaboration-between-human-and-veterinary-medicine
#12
Greg E Davis, Fred M Baik, Robert M Liddell, Andrew G Ayars, Kelley R Branch, Paul S Pottinger, Allen D Hillel, Kelly Helmick, Darin Collins
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common disease process in humans; however, in the primate population of gorillas, it has rarely been described. This case describes lifesaving sinus surgery on a critically ill gorilla performed by a human otolaryngology team in collaboration with the gorilla's veterinary medicine team. METHODS: The 35-year-old western silverback gorilla was treated for 3 months with aggressive medical therapy for a worsening sinus infection...
March 23, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568559/unconscionable-how-the-u-s-supreme-court-s-jurisprudence-lags-behind-the-world-when-it-comes-to-contraception-and-conscience
#13
Aram A Schvey, Claire Kim
U.S. Supreme Court jurisprudence undermines access to contraception by permitting individuals, institutions, and even corporations to claim religious objections to ensuring contraceptive insurance coverage, thus imposing those beliefs on non-adherents and jeopardizing their access to essential reproductive-health services. This jurisprudence is not only harmful but also runs contrary to the laws and policies of peer nations, as well as international human rights principles, which are more protective of the rights of health-care recipients to make their own decisions about contraception free from interference...
2018: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564157/parenting-for-lifelong-health-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-non-commercialised-parenting-programme-for-adolescents-and-their-families-in-south-africa
#14
Lucie D Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Janina I Steinert, Yulia Shenderovich, Jenny Doubt, Rocio Herrero Romero, Carl J Lombard, Alice Redfern, Catherine L Ward, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Divane Nzima, Nkosiyapha Sibanda, Camille Wittesaele, Sachin De Stone, Mark E Boyes, Ricardo Catanho, Jamie McLaren Lachman, Nasteha Salah, Mzuvukile Nocuza, Frances Gardner
Objective: To assess the impact of 'Parenting for Lifelong Health: Sinovuyo Teen', a parenting programme for adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries, on abuse and parenting practices. Design: Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 40 villages/urban sites (clusters) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Participants: 552 families reporting conflict with their adolescents (aged 10-18)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511461/extracellular-vesicles-the-growth-as-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-a-survey
#15
REVIEW
Sabrina Roy, Fred H Hochberg, Pamela S Jones
This article aims to document the growth in extracellular vesicle (EV) research. Here, we report the growth in EV-related studies, patents, and grants as well as emerging companies with major intent on exosomes. Four different databases were utilized for electronic searches of published literature: two general databases - Scopus/Elsevier and Web of Science (WoS), as well as two specialized US government databases - the USA Patent and Trademark Office and National Institutes of Health (NIH) of the Department of Health and Human Services...
2018: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511019/randomised-trial-of-coconut-oil-olive-oil-or-butter-on-blood-lipids-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-healthy-men-and-women
#16
Kay-Tee Khaw, Stephen J Sharp, Leila Finikarides, Islam Afzal, Marleen Lentjes, Robert Luben, Nita G Forouhi
INTRODUCTION: High dietary saturated fat intake is associated with higher blood concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), an established risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, there is increasing interest in whether various dietary oils or fats with different fatty acid profiles such as extra virgin coconut oil may have different metabolic effects but trials have reported inconsistent results. We aimed to compare changes in blood lipid profile, weight, fat distribution and metabolic markers after four weeks consumption of 50 g daily of one of three different dietary fats, extra virgin coconut oil, butter or extra virgin olive oil, in healthy men and women in the general population...
March 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436294/health-dynamics-in-camps-and-on-campuses-stressors-and-coping-strategies-for-wellbeing-among-labourers-and-students-in-cameroon
#17
Valerie Makoge, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager, Maria Koelen
PURPOSE: For many people living in low-income countries, poverty implies an increased exposure to conditions that threaten health and wellbeing as well as reduced capacity to maintain health. Despite the challenging conditions caused by poverty, people may consider themselves healthy because they have learned to cope with their situation probably as a result of life experiences which expose people to both challenges and potential solutions. In this paper we present results from studying health and wellbeing challenges and mechanisms to cope with challenges among two different groups of people who are living under conditions of poverty: workers of the Cameroon Development Corporation (CDC) and students of the university of Buea and the university of Yaoundé...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423219/the-effect-of-protein-supplementation-on-body-muscle-mass-and-fat-mass-in-post-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-study-protocol
#18
Sahar D Al-Shamari, Mohamed Aly ElSherif, Wahiba Hamid, Fahad Hanna
Background: Severe weight loss through means of bariatric surgery has been associated with loss of muscle mass due to lack of absorption of protein. The aim of this RCT is to investigate the effectiveness of protein supplementation in reducing the risk of developing protein malnutrition and muscle wasting in post-bariatric surgery patients in Qatar. Methods and analysis: The study was based at the Department of bariatric and metabolic surgery, Doha metropolitan and regional areas...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416942/nurse-designed-care-models-and-culture-of-health-review-of-three-case-studies
#19
Martsolf Grant, Mason Diana J, Sloan Jennifer, Sullivan Cheryl G, Villarruel Antonia M
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) recently made a commitment to advancing a national culture of health (COH)-an action framework developed by RWJF that focuses on well-being and equity with the goal of empowering and supporting people to lead healthier lives where they live, learn, work, and play, now and in generations to come. Nurses are well positioned to provide care that is consistent with, and contributes to, a COH in their communities. RWJF contracted with the American Academy of Nursing (the Academy) with a subcontract to the RAND Corporation to explore the ways that innovative nurse-designed models of care are currently advancing a COH...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416941/development-and-maintenance-of-standardized-cross-setting-patient-assessment-data-for-post-acute-care-summary-report-of-findings-from-alpha-1-pilot-testing
#20
Edelen Maria Orlando, Gage Barbara J, Rose Adam J, Ahluwalia Sangeeta, DeSantis Amy Soo Jin, Dunbar Michael Stephen, Fischer Shira H, Huang Wenjing, Klein David J, Martino Steven, Pillemer Francesca, Piquado Tepring, Shier Victoria, Shih Regina A, Sherbourne Cathy D, Stucky Brian D
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) contracted with the RAND Corporation to identify and/or develop standardized items to include in the post-acute care patient assessment instruments. RAND was tasked by CMS with developing and testing items to measure seven areas of health status for Medicare beneficiaries: (1) vision and hearing; (2) cognitive status; (3) depressed mood; (4) pain; (5) care preferences; (6) medication reconciliation; and (7) bladder and bowel continence. This article presents results of the first Alpha 1 feasibility test of a proposed set of items for measuring each of these health status areas...
January 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
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