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Corporate health and wellness

Joseph Gibbons, Michael S Barton
There exists controversy as to the impact gentrification of cities has on the well-being of minorities. Some accuse gentrification of causing health disparities for disadvantaged minority populations residing in neighborhoods that are changing as a result of these socioeconomic shifts. Past scholarship has suggested that fears of displacement and social isolation associated with gentrification lead to poorer minority health. However, there is a lack of research that directly links gentrification to minority health outcomes...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Arthur Kavanaugh, Philip Helliwell, Christopher T Ritchlin
INTRODUCTION: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is underdiagnosed and has a substantial impact on quality of life, disability, and work productivity. The population-based Multinational Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (MAPP) survey examined the impact of PsA on patients' activities of daily living and unmet treatment needs. METHODS: This large-scale, random digit dialing, telephone survey of patients self-reporting a diagnosis of psoriasis and/or PsA was conducted in North America and Europe...
June 2016: Rheumatol Ther
Laura A Thompson, Tracy A Romano
Increased pressure, associated with diving, can alter cell function through several mechanisms and has been shown to impact immune functions performed by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in humans. While marine mammals possess specific adaptations which protect them from dive related injury, it is unknown how their immune system is adapted to the challenges associated with diving. The purpose of this study was to measure PBMC activation (IL2R expression) and Concanavalin A induced lymphocyte proliferation (BrdU incorporation) in belugas following in vitro pressure exposures during baseline, Out of Water Examination (OWE) and capture/release conditions...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Daniel G Aaron, Michael B Siegel
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a pervasive public health problem in the U.S. Reducing soda consumption is important for stemming the obesity epidemic. However, several articles and one book suggest that soda companies are using their resources to impede public health interventions that might reduce soda consumption. Although corporate sponsorship by tobacco and alcohol companies has been studied extensively, there has been no systematic attempt to catalog sponsorship activities of soda companies...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lotte Elton
Purpose This paper aims to describe and analyse some of the ways in which good leadership can enable those working within the National Health Service (NHS) to weather the changes and difficulties likely to arise in the coming years, and takes the format of an essay written by the prize-winner of the Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management's Student Prize. The Faculty of Medical Leadership and Management ran its inaugural Student Prize in 2015-2016, which aimed at medical students with an interest in medical leadership...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Daniela Pantani, Raquel Peltzer, Mariana Cremonte, Katherine Robaina, Thomas Babor, Ilana Pinsky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To 1) identify, monitor and analyze the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of the alcohol industry in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and 2) examine whether the alcohol industry is using these actions to market their products and brands. METHODS: Nine health experts from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay conducted a content analysis of 218 CSR activities using a standardized protocol. A content rating procedure was used to evaluate the marketing potential of CSR activities as well as their likely population reach and effectiveness...
September 23, 2016: Addiction
Anna Yaros, John E Lochman, Karen C Wells
Aggression among youth is public health problem that is often studied in the context of how youth interpret social information. Social cognitive factors, especially hostile attribution biases, have been identified as risk factors for the development of youth aggression, particularly across the transition to middle school. Parental behaviors, including parental aggression to children in the form of corporal punishment and other aggressive behavior, have also been linked to aggressive behavior in children at these ages...
September 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
Mark Petticrew, Niamh Fitzgerald, Mary Alison Durand, Cécile Knai, Martin Davoren, Ivan Perry
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that the alcohol industry uses corporate social responsibility activities to influence policy and undermine public health, and that every opportunity should be taken to scrutinise such activities. This study analyses a controversial Diageo-funded 'responsible drinking' campaign ("Stop out of Control Drinking", or SOOCD) in Ireland. The study aims to identify how the campaign and its advisory board members frame and define (i) alcohol-related harms, and their causes, and (ii) possible solutions...
2016: PloS One
Alondra Nelson
Black Lives Matter was first articulated just a few years ago, but it has been the leitmotif of antiracist struggles for generations. The Movement for Black Lives extends the work of previous movements that challenged forms of oppression that act on Black bodies with impunity. It should be understood in the context of Ida B. Wells' anti-lynching campaign, Fannie Lou Hamer's reproductive justice demands, and the Black Panther Party's health activism. The 50th anniversary of the Black Panther Party is an occasion to recall that its work confronted the callous neglect and the corporeal surveillance and abuse of poor Black communities...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Michelle Vu, Annesha White, Virginia P Kelley, Jennifer Kuca Hopper, Cathy Liu
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) healthcare reforms, centered on achieving the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Triple Aim goals of improving patient care quality and satisfaction, improving population health, and reducing costs, have led to increasing partnerships between hospitals and insurance companies and the implementation of employee wellness programs. Hospitals and insurance companies have opted to partner to distribute the risk and resources and increase coordination of care...
July 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
Henrik Lindholm, Niklas Egels-Zandén, Christina Rudén
BACKGROUND: In managing chemical risks to the environment and human health in supply chains, voluntary corporate social responsibility (CSR) measures, such as auditing code of conduct compliance, play an important role. OBJECTIVES: To examine how well suppliers' chemical health and safety performance complies with buyers' CSR policies and whether audited factories improve their performance. METHODS: CSR audits (n = 288) of garment factories conducted by Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), an independent non-profit organization, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical modeling...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Justice Nonvignon, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Keziah L Malm, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Vivian N A Aubyn, Nana Yaw Peprah, Constance N Bart-Plange, Moses Aikins
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant gains made globally in reducing the burden of malaria, the disease remains a major public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) including Ghana. There is a significant gap in financing malaria control globally. The private sector could become a significant source of financing malaria control. To get the private sector to appreciate the need to invest in malaria control, it is important to provide evidence of the economic burden of malaria on businesses...
2016: Malaria Journal
Ifeoma Ajunwa, Kate Crawford, Joel S Ford
This essay details the resurgence of wellness program as employed by large corporations with the aim of reducing healthcare costs. The essay narrows in on a discussion of how Big Data collection practices are being utilized in wellness programs and the potential negative impact on the worker in regards to privacy and employment discrimination. The essay offers an ethical framework to be adopted by wellness program vendors in order to conduct wellness programs that would achieve cost-saving goals without undue burdens on the worker...
September 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Anvita Kulkarni, Ryan Huerto, Christina A Roberto, S Bryn Austin
The potential dangers associated with dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building are well documented and increasingly garnering the attention of the media, public, and government leaders. Public health professionals have an opportunity to improve population health in the context of dietary supplement use by translating scientific evidence into action. In this commentary, we discuss the potential to motivate corporate social responsibility (CSR) among manufacturers and retailers of dietary supplements sold for weight loss and muscle building...
August 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Markus Strauß, Peter Foshag, Bianca Przybylek, Marc Horlitz, Alejandro Lucia, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Roman Leischik
BACKGROUND: The treatment and prevention of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is currently one of the major challenges in medicine. The impact of working conditions on metabolic risk has not been adequately studied. Our objective was to compare the prevalence of MetS and metabolic risk in two extremely different occupational groups: firefighters and office workers. METHODS: A total of 143 male subjects (97 firefighters and 46 office workers) from Germany participated in the study...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Linnea I Laestadius, Megan M Wahl, Young I Cho
BACKGROUND: The growth of social networking services has enabled the sharing of electronic cigarette opinions and experiences via user-generated content. OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study analyzed electronic cigarette content found on the visual social networking service, Instagram, in order to highlight public health challenges created by this content and support understanding of electronic cigarette promotion and usage. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was performed on Instagram posts made with the hashtags #ecig or #vape in October 2014...
October 14, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Mohamed A Hendaus, Hibaq A Jama, Faisal J Siddiqui, Sohair A Elsiddig, Ahmed H Alhammadi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate parental preference for fluoride varnish in a country where the average percentage of dental caries in young children is up to ~73%. Consequently, the aim of this study, despite being a pilot, was to create a nationwide project in the State of Qatar to promote oral health in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional perspective study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. Parents of children aged ≤5 years were offered an interview survey...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Riaan Dirkse van Schalkwyk, Rigard J Steenkamp
A holistic review of ergonomic history shows that the science remains important for general occupational health and safety (OSH), the broad society, culture, politics and the design of everyday things. It provides an unconventional and multi- faceted viewpoint exploring ergonomics from a social, corporate and OSH perspective. Ergonomic solutions from this mind-set may re-define the science and it will change with companies that change within this socially hyper-connected world. Authentic corporate social responsibility (CSR) will counter "misleadership" by not approaching ergonomics with an afterthought...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Hoseob Kim, Yoonhyung Park, Kwanjun Park, Byoungin Yoo
OBJECTIVES: This study, different from the past researches, has been conducted in all age groups to understand the association between air pollutants, pollen risk indexes, and outpatients with allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, and atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Data on air pollutants, pollen risk indexes, and outpatients with each disease were collected from 2003 through 2011 to verify the association between them. All data are time-series materials that have been observed by time (day) and region, and are in a nonlinear shape...
June 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
Dwaipayan Banerjee
The Indian pharmaceutical industry has historically manufactured low-cost drugs for the global poor. Activist mobilizations at the height of the HIV/AIDS epidemic revealed a vast cost gap between global brands and Indian generics, much to the embarrassment of Euro-American corporations that were in the habit of pricing drugs for only the wealthy or well insured. As new drug access controversies focus on anticancer therapies, they reveal new flows of international capital, emergent genetic technologies, and increasingly coercive trade regimes...
July 13, 2016: Medical Anthropology
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