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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883182/it-decision-making-in-german-hospitals-do-ceos-open-the-black-box
#2
Johannes Thye, Ursula Hübner, Jens Hüsers, Birgit Babitsch
Health IT and communication systems are indispensable in German hospitals for clinical as well as administrative process support. However, IT is often regarded as a "black box" for hospital CEOs. Thus, the question arises how can CEOs decide if they do not know what is in the box? In order to answer this question, half-structured interviews with 14 German hospital CEOs were conducted. They revealed three principle decision processes: the supported decision, the joint decision and the corporate level decision...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864798/future-organization-of-oral-health-services-delivery-from-2012-to-2042
#3
L Jackson Brown
The United States is currently experiencing a vortex of change in both general health and oral health care delivery, the ultimate outcome of which is still not well understood. The specific focus of this article is to examine the future organization of the oral health services delivery system (OHSDS) in the U.S., with special attention given to the role of large group dental practices (LGDPs) in that future. The article describes the various types of LGDPs and their ability to change the economic characteristics of the OHSDS...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863030/persistent-super-utilization-of-acute-care-services-among-subgroups-of-veterans-experiencing-homelessness
#4
Dorota Szymkowiak, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Erin E Johnson, Todd Manning, Thomas P O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Acute health care utilization often occurs among persons experiencing homelessness. However, knowing which individuals will be persistent super-utilizers of acute care is less well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify those more likely to be persistent super-utilizers of acute care services. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a latent class analysis of secondary data from the Veterans Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse, and Homeless Operations Management and Evaluation System...
August 31, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#5
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857975/finding-like-minded-partners-to-span-the-continuum-of-care
#6
Bruce Lawrence
This is an era of profound industry transformation, characterized by such forces as acceleration away from inpatient-centered care and toward alternative payment models, rising rates of chronic disease, and an aging population. Add to this mix physician and nurse shortages and a newfound understanding that today's patients are informed consumers, and the reality becomes clear: Healthcare providers must be adaptable, agile, and innovative to survive. Sometimes, the best way forward in transformative times is collaboration with other like-minded organizations...
October 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826798/risk-of-stroke-in-congestive-heart-failure-with-and-without-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Si-Hyuck Kang, Joonghee Kim, Jin Joo Park, Il-Young Oh, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Hee-Jun Kim, Kyuseok Kim, Dong-Ju Choi
BACKGROUND: Heart failure has been associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke. This study estimated the risk of stroke and thromboembolism for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) in the context of the general population, especially compared to those with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Data of patients discharged alive from 2003 to 2012 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Corporation sample cohort. Subjects were classified into control (n=90,277), CHF (n=4533), AF (n=1187), and CHF plus AF (n=1213) groups...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756056/healthcare-costs-related-to-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-among-veterans-with-cirrhosis-in-the-united-states
#8
David E Kaplan, Michael K Chapko, Rajni Mehta, Feng Dai, Melissa Skanderson, Ayse Aytaman, Michelle Baytarian, Kathryn D'Addeo, Rena Fox, Kristel Hunt, Christine Pocha, Adriana Valderrama, Tamar H Taddei
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is important to quantify medical costs associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the incidence of which is rapidly increasing in the United States, for development of rational healthcare policies related to liver cancer surveillance and treatment of chronic liver disease. We aimed to comprehensively quantify healthcare costs for HCC among patients with cirrhosis in an integrated health system and develop a model for predicting costs that is based on clinically relevant variables...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714137/austerity-new-public-management-and-missed-nursing-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#9
Eileen Willis, Jenny Carryer, Clare Harvey, Maria Pearson, Julie Henderson
AIMS: To outline the way in which the culture of austerity arising from the Global Financial Crisis has been used by Australian and New Zealand governments to maintain and extend health care budget cuts, through new public management strategies leading to missed nursing care. BACKGROUND: Ten years on the cost of the Global Financial Crisis continues to be borne by tax payers and those employed by the welfare state, yet analysis shows clearly that it was caused by a failure to adequately regulate markets, particularly the banks and multinational corporations...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705223/improving-preventive-health-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-care-settings
#10
Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison Laycock, Rosalie Schultz, Christopher P Burgess, David Peiris, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Like other colonised populations, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. Preventable chronic disease is the largest contributor to the health differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, but recommended best-practice preventive care is not consistently provided to Indigenous Australians. Significant improvement in health care delivery could be achieved through identifying and minimising evidence-practice gaps...
July 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696032/research-review-harnessing-the-power-of-individual-participant-data-in-a-meta-analysis-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-the-incredible-years-parenting-program
#11
REVIEW
Patty Leijten, Frances Gardner, Sabine Landau, Victoria Harris, Joanna Mann, Judy Hutchings, Jennifer Beecham, Eva-Maria Bonin, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Parenting programs aim to reduce children's conduct problems through improvement of family dynamics. To date, research on the precise benefits and possible harms of parenting programs on family well-being has been unsystematic and likely to be subject to selective outcome reporting and publication bias. Better understanding of program benefits and harms requires full disclosure by researchers of all included measures, and large enough numbers of participants to be able to detect small effects and estimate them precisely...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686879/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-qatar-one-year-anniversary
#12
REVIEW
Mohammad Bakr, Ibrahim Al-Hijji, Naziha Menasria, Zeyd Merenkov, Safaa Al-Azzawi, Ruba Taha, Amaal Gulied, Catherine Anne Gillespie, Said Dermime, Effie Liakopoulou, Alexander Knuth
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers potentially curative therapy for many hematologic and nonhematologic conditions. As a successful outcome of Qatar's National Cancer Strategy, the HSCT program was started in the National Center for Cancer Care and Research (NCCCR) in October 2015. The HSCT program in NCCCR is the only transplant program in Qatar and self-sufficient with all three core components: the stem cell collection facility, the stem cell processing facility, and the clinical program, which are locally available at Hamad Medical Corporation...
June 29, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684197/adjustment-to-hand-injury-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-adjustment-in-relation-to-illness-perceptions-and-coping-strategies
#13
Catherine Turkington, Martin Dempster, Jennifer Maguire
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. INTRODUCTION: Hand injuries are highly prevalent, and the impact they have on physical, emotional, and functional adjustment is well recognized. Increasingly, adjustment to health conditions including hand injuries is being understood in terms of psychological variables. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the role of illness beliefs and coping strategies in adjustment to hand injury. Adjustment was considered from a complete perspective including quality of life (QOL) and functional ability as well as mood and trauma symptoms...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678925/gestational-protein-restriction-increases-cardiac-connexin-43-mrna-levels-in-male-adult-rat-offspring
#14
Kamila Fernanda Rossini, Camila Andrea de Oliveira, Hércules Jonas Rebelato, Marcelo Augusto Marreto Esquisatto, Rosana Catisti
Background: The dietary limitation during pregnancy influences the growth and development of the fetus and offspring and their health into adult life. The mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of gestational protein restriction (GPR) in the development of the offspring hearts are not well understood. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of GPR on cardiac structure in male rat offspring at day 60 after birth (d60). Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were fed a normal-protein (NP, 17% casein) or low-protein (LP, 6% casein) diet...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647328/effects-of-feeding-an-immunomodulatory-supplement-to-heat-stressed-or-actively-cooled-cows-during-late-gestation-on-postnatal-immunity-health-and-growth-of-calves
#15
Amy L Skibiel, Thiago F Fabris, Fabiana N Corrá, Yazielis M Torres, Derek J McLean, James D Chapman, David J Kirk, Geoffrey E Dahl, Jimena Laporta
Heat stress during late gestation negatively affects the physiology, health, and productivity of dairy cows as well as the calves developing in utero. Providing cows with active cooling devices, such as fans and soakers, and supplementing cows with an immunomodulating feed additive, OmniGen-AF (OG; Phibro Animal Health Corporation), improves immune function and milk yield of cows. It is unknown if maternal supplementation of OG combined with active cooling during late gestation might benefit the developing calf as well...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626625/engagement-in-health-and-wellness-an-online-incentive-based-program
#16
Teresa B Gibson, J Ross Maclean, Ginger S Carls, Brian J Moore, Emily D Ehrlich, Victoria Fener, Jordan Goldberg, Elaine Mechanic, Colin Baigel
Increasingly, corporate health promotion programs are implementing wellness programs integrating principles of behavioral economics. Employees of a large firm were provided a customized online incentive program to design their own commitments to meet health goals. This study examines patterns of program participation and engagement in health promotion activities. Subjects were US-based employees of a large, nondurable goods manufacturing firm who were enrolled in corporate health benefits in 2010 and 2011. We assessed measures of engagement with the workplace health promotion program (e...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621753/media-coverage-of-alcohol-issues-a-critical-political-economy-framework-a-case-study-from-ireland
#17
Julien Mercille
There is a growing literature on news media representations of alcohol-related issues. However, current scholarship has neglected critical political economic frameworks to interpret media coverage of alcohol. This paper presents such a framework that conceives of news organisations as corporations that share the values and interests of political and economic elites. The media are thus expected to present viewpoints that are more aligned with the alcohol industry than the scientific consensus on public health policy would warrant...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609355/association-between-employee-dental-claims-health-risks-workplace-productivity-and-preventive-services-compliance
#18
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Xingquan Li, Alyssa B Schultz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in health risks and workplace outcomes among employees who utilized preventive dental services compared with other employees. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of employees of a large financial services corporation, with data from health risk appraisal questionnaires, medical claims, pharmacy claims, and dental claims. RESULTS: Employees with no dental claims were significantly more likely to have a variety of health risk factors (such as obesity and tobacco use), health conditions (such as diabetes), absenteeism, and lost on-the-job productivity, and were significantly less likely to be compliant with clinical preventive services compared with those with preventive dental claims...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607244/policy-opportunities-and-limitations-of-evidence-based-planning-for-immunization-lessons-learnt-from-a-field-trial-in-bangladesh
#19
John Grundy, Shukhrat Rakhimdjanov, Merina Adhikari
Despite success in scaling up immunization, the national immunization programme in Bangladesh remains challenged by persisting inequities in health access related to geographic location and social factors, including income and education status. In order to tackle these inequities in access, the national immunization programme has conducted a field trial of the evidence-based planning model in Bangladesh between 2011 and 2013, in 11 low-performing districts and 3 city corporations. The main elements of this intervention included bottleneck analysis in local areas, action planning and budgeting to correct the bottlenecks, and establishment of a monitoring system to track progress...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604323/analysis-of-hiv-disease-burden-by-calculating-the-percentages-of-patients-with-cd4-counts-100-cells-%C3%A2%C2%B5l-across-52-districts-reveals-hot-spots-for-intensified-commitment-to-programmatic-support
#20
Lindi Marie Coetzee, Naseem Cassim, Deborah Kim Glencross
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA)'s Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment (CCMT) programme has reduced new HIV infections and HIV-related deaths. In spite of progress made, 11.2% of South Africans (4.02 million) were living with HIV in 2015. OBJECTIVE: The National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) in SA performs CD4 testing in support of the CCMT programme and collates data through the NHLS Corporate Data Warehouse. The objective of this study was to assess the distribution of CD4 counts <100 cells/µL (defining severely immunosuppressed HIV-positive patients) and >500 cells/µL (as an HIV-positive 'wellness' indicator)...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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