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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#1
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313034/the-wyss-institute-a-new-model-for-medical-technology-innovation-and-translation-across-the-academic-industrial-interface
#2
REVIEW
Mary Tolikas, Ayis Antoniou, Donald E Ingber
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University was formed based on the recognition that breakthrough discoveries cannot change the world if they never leave the laboratory. The Institute's mission is to discover the biological principles that Nature uses to build living things, and to harness these insights to create biologically inspired engineering innovations to advance human health and create a more sustainable world. Since its launch in 2009, the Institute has developed a new model for innovation, collaboration, and technology translation within academia, breaking "silos" to enable collaborations that cross institutional and disciplinary barriers...
September 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294970/evaluation-of-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-violence-against-children-in-colombia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ane-Marthe Solheim Skar, Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Stephen von Tetzchner, Knut Inge Fostervold
The effects of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) and the specific addition of a violence prevention module were observed in a preidentified population in Colombia where children are experiencing high levels of violence. Participants were 176 parents of 3- to 4-year-olds attending child centers who were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: organized Community Activities at child centers and ICDP (CA + ICDP), CA, ICDP, and a preventive Violence Curriculum (CA + ICDP + VC), or a comparison group with only CA...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290171/health-care-costs-and-thromboembolic-events-in-hydroxyurea-treated-patients-with-polycythemia-vera
#4
Shreekant V Parasuraman, Nianwen Shi, Dilan C Paranagama, Machaon Bonafede
BACKGROUND: Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) are at increased risk of thromboembolic events (TEs), which are key contributors to reduced overall survival compared with the age- and sex-matched general population. In addition to aspirin and phlebotomy to maintain hematocrit level < 45%, many patients receive cytoreduction with hydroxyurea (HU), which is associated with improved survival and may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and TEs. However, 1 in 4 patients become resistant to or intolerant of HU...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200327/the-big-five-health-insurers-membership-and-revenue-trends-implications-for-public-policy
#5
Cathy Schoen, Sara R Collins
The five largest US commercial health insurance companies together enroll 125 million members, or 43 percent of the country's insured population. Over the past decade these insurers have become increasingly dependent for growth and profitability on public programs, according to an analysis of corporate reports. In 2016 Medicare and Medicaid accounted for nearly 60 percent of the companies' health care revenues and 20 percent of their comprehensive plan membership. Although headlines have focused on losses in the state Marketplaces created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the Marketplaces represent only a small fraction of insurers' members...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189410/health-and-well-being-metrics-in-business-the-value-of-integrated-reporting
#6
Nicolaas P Pronk, Daniel Malan, Gillian Christie, Cother Hajat, Derek Yach
OBJECTIVE: Health and well-being (HWB) are material to sustainable business performance. Yet, corporate reporting largely lacks the intentional inclusion of HWB metrics. This brief report presents an argument for inclusion of HWB metrics into existing standards for corporate reporting. METHODS AND RESULTS: A Core Scorecard and a Comprehensive Scorecard, designed by a team of subject matter experts, based on available evidence of effectiveness, and organized around the categories of Governance, Management, and Evidence of Success, may be integrated into corporate reporting efforts...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184359/identification-of-non-cerebral-cyst-zoonotic-taenia-multiceps-in-domestic-goat-in-bangladesh
#7
Mohammad Omer Faruk, A M A M Zonaed Siddiki, Md Shafiqul Islam, Azizunnesa Rekha, Sharmin Chowdhury, Md Masuduzzaman, Mohammad Alamgir Hossain
Aim: This study was performed to identify the non-cerebral Taenia multiceps cyst through molecular phylogeny of the 12S rRNA gene. Materials and Methods: Eight cyst samples were collected from 385 examined slaughtered goats during October 2015-September 2016 from three slaughterhouses in Chittagong City Corporation. Cysts were removed from the thigh muscle, and scolices were collected for light microscopic examination and molecular identification. The DNA was extracted and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction using 12S rRNA gene primers...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135763/health-system-creation-and-integration-at-a-health-sciences-university-a-five-year-follow-up
#8
Catherine P Slade, Ricardo Azziz, Steven Levin, Gretchen B Caughman, David S Hefner, Kimberly V Halbur, Martha S Tingen, Susan James
Shifting healthcare market forces and regulation have exerted near-constant pressure on U.S. academic health centers (AHCs) attempting to successfully execute their traditional tripartite mission. A governance structure and organizational alignment that works well under one set of conditions is rarely optimal when conditions change. Thus, the degree and type of alignment of an AHC's clinical, educational, and faculty practice organizations have changed regularly within the sector, typically landing near one end or the other on a continuum from fully aligned with centralized governance to largely independent with separate governance...
November 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117816/aaohn-member-opinions-on-demonstrating-value-a-closer-look-at-the-findings
#9
Karen Mastroianni
An assessment was conducted to update a tool kit published by the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN) in 1998. The original document, Success Tool for Measuring and Articulating Value, had been a respected resource. Although the AAOHN guide, Demonstrating Value, is a tool with steps and examples for demonstrating value, the intention of this article is to explore the rich data collected during the assessment process, which included interviews with occupational health nurse leaders and an AAOHN member survey...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115991/evaluation-of-the-deki-reader%C3%A2-an-automated-rdt-reader-and-data-management-device-in-a-household-survey-setting-in-low-malaria-endemic-southwestern-uganda
#10
Caesar Oyet, Michelle E Roh, Gertrude N Kiwanuka, Patrick Orikiriza, Martina Wade, Sunil Parikh, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Yap Boum
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of suspected malaria cases with a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) has been shown to be an effective malaria control tool used in many resource-constrained settings. However, poor quality control and quality assurance hinder the accurate reporting of malaria diagnoses. Recent use of a portable, battery operated RDT reader (Deki Reader™, Fio Corporation) has shown to have high agreement with visual inspection across diverse health centre settings, however evidence of its feasibility and usability during cross sectional surveys are limited...
November 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108078/-big-data-and-public-health-results-of-the-working-group-1-of-the-forum-future-public-health-berlin-2016
#11
Susanne Moebus, Joseph Kuhn, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Big Data is a diffuse term, which can be described as an approach to linking gigantic and often unstructured data sets. Big Data is used in many corporate areas. For Public Health (PH), however, Big Data is not a well-developed topic. In this article, Big Data is explained according to the intention of use, information efficiency, prediction and clustering. Using the example of application in science, patient care, equal opportunities and smart cities, typical challenges and open questions of Big Data for PH are outlined...
November 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079588/pathways-of-undue-influence-in-health-policy-making-a-main-actor-s-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Ildefonso Hernández-Aguado, Elisa Chilet-Rosell
BACKGROUND: It is crucial to know the extent to which influences lead to policy capture-by which the policy-making process is shifted away from the public interest towards narrow private interests. Using the case study of Spain, our aim was to identify interactions between public administration, civil society and private companies that could influence health policies. METHODS: 54 semistructured interviews with key actors related to health policy. The interviews were used to gather information on main policy actors as well as on direct and subtle influences that could modify health policies...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065799/fitting-tissue-chips-and-microphysiological-systems-into-the-grand-scheme-of-medicine-biology-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#13
David E Watson, Rosemarie Hunziker, John P Wikswo
Microphysiological systems (MPS), which include engineered organoids (EOs), single organ/tissue chips (TCs), and multiple organs interconnected to create miniature in vitro models of human physiological systems, are rapidly becoming effective tools for drug development and the mechanistic understanding of tissue physiology and pathophysiology. The second MPS thematic issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine comprises 15 articles by scientists and engineers from the National Institutes of Health, the IQ Consortium, the Food and Drug Administration, and Environmental Protection Agency, an MPS company, and academia...
October 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060899/unified-health-gamification-can-significantly-improve-well-being-in-corporate-environments
#14
Arash Shahrestani, Pieter Van Gorp, Pascale Le Blanc, Fabrizio Greidanus, Kristel de Groot, Jelle Leermakers
There is a multitude of mHealth applications that aim to solve societal health problems by stimulating specific types of physical activities via gamification. However, physical health activities cover just one of the three World Health Organization (WHO) dimensions of health. This paper introduces the novel notion of Unified Health Gamification (UHG), which covers besides physical health also social and cognitive health and well-being. Instead of rewarding activities in the three WHO dimensions using different mHealth competitions, UHG combines the scores for such activities on unified leaderboards and lets people interact in social circles beyond personal interests...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057158/preventing-identifying-and-treating-prescription-drug-misuse-among-active-duty-service-members
#15
Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Sarah B Hunter, Allison J Ober, Karen Chan Osilla, Raffaele Vardavas, Janice C Blanchard, David DeVries, Emmanuel F Drabo, Kristin J Leuschner, Warren Stewart, Jennifer Walters
Prescription drug misuse (PDM) is of critical concern for the military because of its potential impact on military readiness, the health and well-being of military personnel, and associated health care costs. The purpose of this study is to summarize insights gleaned from a series of activities that the RAND Corporation undertook for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Readiness to address this important health and military readiness issue. The authors completed a review of U.S. Department of Defense policies and a comprehensive literature review of clinical guidelines and the empirical literature on the prevention and treatment of PDM and conducted individual face-to-face interviews with 66 health and behavioral health care providers at nine medical treatment facilities across three regions within the contiguous United States to identify best practices in the prevention, identification, and treatment of PDM and the extent to which those practices are known and followed...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053152/heart-in-space-effect-of-the-extraterrestrial-environment-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#16
REVIEW
Richard L Hughson, Alexander Helm, Marco Durante
National space agencies and private corporations aim at an extended presence of humans in space in the medium to long term. Together with currently suboptimal technology, microgravity and cosmic rays raise health concerns about deep-space exploration missions. Both of these physical factors affect the cardiovascular system, whose gravity-dependence is pronounced. Heart and vascular function are, therefore, susceptible to substantial changes in weightlessness. The altered cardiovascular function in space causes physiological problems in the postflight period...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031647/barriers-to-antenatal-psychosocial-assessment-and-depression-screening-in-private-hospital-settings
#17
Tanya Connell, Bryanne Barnett, Donna Waters
PROBLEM: The evidence of benefit for antenatal psychosocial assessment and depression screening has been sufficient to lead the implementation of screening in public hospitals in all states of Australia. Details of the implementation of perinatal screening in private obstetric settings is less well known. AIM: As any successful implementation relies on the identification of local barriers, we aimed to determine what perceived or actual barriers may exist for the implementation of evidence-based perinatal screening interventions in private obstetric care, and specifically within small private hospitals...
October 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987039/reduction-in-pain-after-use-of-bioceramic-undershirt-for-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#18
María Aparecida Santos E Campos, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Ángel Latorre Román
Context • The treatment of pain in fibromyalgia (FM) has centered on pharmacotherapy and nonpharmacological treatment. The nondrug treatments for FM include the effects of far infrared radiation (FIR). Currently, FIR-emitting heat lamps and garments made of filaments (fibers) impregnated with FIR-emitting nanoparticles are being used to deliver thermal radiation effects. Objective • The study intended to determine the benefits of a fabric coated with bioceramics for reducing pain in women with FM. Design • The research team designed a randomized, controlled pilot study...
September 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978619/-nothing-can-be-done-until-everything-is-done-the-use-of-complexity-arguments-by-food-beverage-alcohol-and-gambling-industries
#19
Mark Petticrew, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Cécile Knai, Rebecca Cassidy, Nason Maani Hessari, James Thomas, Heide Weishaar
BACKGROUND: Corporations use a range of strategies to dispute their role in causing public health harms and to limit the scope of effective public health interventions. This is well documented in relation to the activities of the tobacco industry, but research on other industries is less well developed. We therefore analysed public statements and documents from four unhealthy commodity industries to investigate whether and how they used arguments about complexity in this way. METHODS: We analysed alcohol, food, soda and gambling industry documents and websites and minutes of reports of relevant health select committees, using standard document analysis methods...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973012/the-relationship-between-drinking-alcohol-and-esophageal-gastric-or-colorectal-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-of-south-korea
#20
Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Kyung-Do Han, Hyun Soo Kim, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic findings of low-volume alcohol consumption in relation to gastrointestinal cancers including gastric cancer are inconsistent. METHODS: The association between alcohol intake and esophageal, gastric and colorectal cancer risk was examined in a population-based prospective cohort of 23,323,730 adults in Korea who had undergone a biennial evaluation provided by the National Health Insurance Corporation between the years 2009 and 2012. After median 5...
2017: PloS One
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