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Health tech

A W Tech, L V Cruz, M Cornelli, C do Valle Pereira, J Bertoglio, B Brasil, C Acosta, P Perusato, A J C Monteiro, G Marinho, M Zanon, A P S Souza, C D Garcia
BACKGROUND: The number of academic societies has been growing significantly in Brazilian universities, offering an extra opportunity for the development of educational activities and research. Because organ donation and transplantation is an area still insufficiently approached during the graduation of health professionals, we evaluated how academic societies might be a valuable tool. METHODS: Participants of the course promoted by the Organ Transplantation Academic Society of the Hospital Dom Vicente Scherer were evaluated through the use of a questionnaire and cognitive tests with 16 multiple-choice questions about topics approached during the course, before and after the lectures...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
B Dal Pupo, M Zanon, A W Tech, L V Cruz, M Cornelli, C do Valle Pereira, J Bertoglio, C Acosta, P Perusato, A J C Monteiro, G Marinho, A P S Souza, C D Garcia
BACKGROUND: Today, Brazil is the second country of the world in number of transplants. Nonetheless, waiting lists are getting longer. This lack of organs occurs mostly because of people's reduced knowledge about the donation process. With the aim of changing this scenario, in 2013 and 2014, "Organ Donation Week" events were held at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre. METHODS: During the 2 years, documentaries followed by a cycle of debates with experts in this area were exhibited...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Seung Woo Park
Rapid progress of mobile information technologies such as wearable sensors, wireless communication, and world-wide use of smartphone cause digital health innovations. In the field of hypertension, wearable blood pressure (BP) monitoring and its wireless transfer to anywhere through smartphone, mobile smartphone apps, and cuffless blood pressure monitoring system are expected to change the way of diagnosis and management of hypertension. Home BP monitoring would be easier and wireless data transfer to health care providers would be common...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Maria Trent, Shang-En Chung, Charlotte Gaydos, Kevin D Frick, Jennifer Anders, Steven Huettner, Richard Rothman, Arlene Butz
PURPOSE: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) disproportionately affects adolescent and young adult (AYA) women and can negatively influence reproductive health trajectories. Few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have focused on strategies to improve outpatient adherence or to reduce reproductive morbidity in this population. This paper describes the research methods and preliminary effectiveness of recruitment, retention, and intervention strategies employed in a novel RCT designed to test a technology-enhanced community-health nursing (TECH-N) intervention among urban AYA with PID...
August 2016: Eur Med J Reprod Health
Kelly R Ylitalo, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Kahler Stone, Eva I Doyle, Ramona Curtis
Insufficient physical activity and unhealthy eating behaviors are major contributors to the obesity epidemic in the United States. Identifying health behaviors and disparities in underserved communities is needed to guide the development of targeted interventions. The Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) is a set of tools designed for public health emergencies, but the utility of CASPER in non-emergency settings has not been explored. The purpose of this study was to use CASPER to obtain information on household-based behaviors of and barriers to fruit/vegetable consumption and physical activity, and explore the utility of these methods for future health assessments...
December 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Suzanne M Mahon
The family history, a rather low-tech tool, is the backbone of genetic assessment and guides risk assessment and genetic testing decisions. The importance of the pedigree and its application to genetic practice is often overlooked and underestimated. Unfortunately, particularly with electronic health records, standard pedigrees are not routinely constructed. A clear understanding of how pedigrees are employed in clinical oncology practice may lead to improved collection and use of family history data.
September 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Ann E Spolarich
Technology has greatly influenced all phases of the dental hygiene process of care. Chairside diagnostic tools and self-monitoring devices improve early detection of lesions and previously undetected oral/systemic diseases, facilitate assessment of systemic health status, and support patient engagement in self-care. Collectively, improved patient assessment reduces risks for medical emergencies and promotes patient safety. Technological advances enable better visualization of hard and soft tissues during the assessment phase, aid decision-making with planning and delivery of appropriate oral care interventions, and facilitate evaluation of patient outcomes related to dental hygiene treatment...
June 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Ross Shegog, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Gwenda Gorman, Cornelia Jessen, Jennifer Torres, Travis L Lane, Amanda Gaston, Taija Koogei Revels, Jennifer Williamson, Melissa F Peskin, Jina D'Cruz, Susan Tortolero, Christine M Markham
Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and birth rates among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth indicate a need for effective middle school HIV/STI and pregnancy prevention curricula to delay, or mitigate, the consequences of early sexual activity. While effective curricula exist, there is a dearth of curricula with content salient to AI/AN youth. Further, there is a lack of sexual health curricula that take advantage of the motivational appeal, reach, and fidelity of communication technology for this population, who are sophisticated technology users...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
Pascal Demoly, Giovanni Passalacqua, Oliver Pfaar, Joaquin Sastre, Ulrich Wahn
Allergy immunotherapy (AIT) is acknowledged to produce beneficial mid- and long-term clinical and immunologic effects and increased quality of life in patients with allergic respiratory diseases (such as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma). However, poor adherence to AIT (due to intentional and/or non-intentional factors) is still a barrier to achieving these benefits. There is an urgent need for patient support programs (PSPs) that encompass communication, educational and motivational components...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
Thomas P Weil
Numerous papers have been written comparing the Canadian and US healthcare systems, and a number of health policy experts have recommended that the Americans implement their single-payer system to save 12-20% of its healthcare expenditures. This paper is different in that it assumes that neither country will undertake a significant philosophic or structural change in their healthcare system, but there are lessons to be learned that are inherent in one that could be a major breakthrough for the other. Following the model in Canada and in Western Europe, the USA could implement universal health insurance so that the 32...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Roberta Romero, Lisa Campbell, Huaxin Song, Marc J Zuckerman, Ogechika Alozie
The incidence and prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is steadily increasing across the world. Increasing morbidity and mortality rates associated with HCV are influencing research on treatment outcomes. The purpose of this project was to examine the effect of health insurance status and office visit compliance on sustained virologic response (SVR) in adult patients living along the Texas-Mexico border treated for HCV and who received dual or triple medication therapy between January 2010 and August 2013...
July 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
Seo-Ho Shin, Cheol-Hong Lim, Yong-Soon Kim, Yong-Hoon Lee, Sung-Hwan Kim, Jong-Choon Kim
Although the use of lanthanum has increased in field of high-tech industry worldwide, potential adverse effects to human health and to the environment are largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the potential toxicity of nano-sized lanthanum oxide (La2 O3 ) following repeated inhalation exposure in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Male rats were exposed nose-only to nano-sized La2 O3 for 28 days (5 days/week) at doses of 0, 0.5, 2.5, and 10 mg/m(3) . In the experimental period, we evaluated treatment-related changes including clinical signs, body weight, hematology, serum biochemistry, necropsy findings, organ weight, and histopathology findings...
July 21, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
Pawan Kumar, Satbir Singh, Bipin Kumar Gupta
Counterfeiting of valuable documents, currency and branded products is a challenging problem that has serious economic, security and health ramifications for governments, businesses and consumers all over the world. It is estimated that counterfeiting represents a multi-billion dollar underground economy with counterfeit products being produced on a large scale every year. Counterfeiting is an increasingly high-tech crime and calls for high-tech solutions to prevent and deter the acts of counterfeiting. The present review briefly outlines and addresses the key challenges in this area, including the above mentioned concerns for anti-counterfeiting applications...
July 28, 2016: Nanoscale
Viet-Thi Tran, Philippe Ravaud
Whilst it is clear that technology is crucial to advance healthcare: innovation in medicine is not just about high-tech tools, new procedures or genome discoveries. In constrained environments, healthcare providers often create unexpected solutions to provide adequate healthcare to patients. These inexpensive but effective frugal innovations may be imperfect, but they have the power to ensure that health is within reach of everyone. Frugal innovations are not limited to low-resource settings: ingenuous ideas can be adapted to offer simpler and disruptive alternatives to usual care all around the world, representing the concept of "reverse innovation"...
2016: BMC Medicine
Pfungwa Mambanga, Robert N Sirwali, Takalani Tshitangano
BACKGROUND: Voluntary HIV antibody Counselling and Testing (HCT) is a cornerstone of HIV prevention in South Africa because it has the potential to prevent HIV transmission. The government of South Africa has for a long time been investing heavily in fighting the spread of HIV and/or AIDS. However, men rarely utilise this service. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the factors contributing to the reluctance of men to seek HCT in the primary health facilities in Vhembe District...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Tshifhiwa V Ndou, Sonto M Maputle, Patrone R Risenga
BACKGROUND: Patients' experiences are a reflection of what has happened during the care process and, therefore, provide information about the performance of health care professional workers. They refer to the process of care provision at the antiretroviral therapy (ART) sites. AIM AND SETTING: This article explored the perceptions of HIV-positive patients of care received at the Gateway Clinic of the regional hospital that provides antiretroviral treatment in the Vhembe district...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
A Olalemi, S Purnell, J Caplin, J Ebdon, H Taylor
AIM: This study set out to determine whether phage-based indicators may provide a 'low-tech' alternative to existing approaches that might help maintain the microbial safety of shellfish and their overlying waters. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mussels and their overlying waters were collected biweekly from an estuary in southeast England over a 2-year period (May 2013-April 2015) (n = 48). Levels of bacterial indicators were determined using membrane filtration and most probable number methods and those of bacteriophages were determined by direct plaque assay...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
C M Motta, R Cerciello, S De Bonis, V Mazzella, P Cirino, R Panzuto, M Ciaravolo, P Simoniello, M Toscanesi, M Trifuoggi, B Avallone
Low tech photovoltaic panels (PVPs) installed in the early '80s are now coming to the end of their life cycle and this raises the problem of their proper disposal. As panels contain potentially toxic elements, unconventional, complex and costly procedures are required to avoid environmental health risks and in countries where environmental awareness and economic resources are limited this may be especially problematic. This work was designed to investigate potential risks from improper disposal of these panels...
September 2016: Environmental Pollution
Walter L Miller
Douglas M. (Doug) Stocco is Professor Emeritus at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, TX, and is internationally renowned for his work characterizing the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, StAR. Stocco's laboratory isolated and cloned StAR from mouse Leydig MA-10 cells, collaborated on the demonstration that StAR mutations cause congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia, and delineated much of what is known about the intracellular pathways that regulate its production. This work resolved a decades-long quest to identify the mechanism underlying the acute regulation of steroidogenesis...
June 21, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Sigal Tepper, Yael Dabush, Danit R Shahar, Ronit Endevelt, Diklah Geva, Sofia Ish-Shalom
While low vitamin D status has been shown to be associated with decreased quality of life in unhealthy populations and women, only limited data are available regarding healthy adult men. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between health-related quality of life (QoL) and vitamin D status in adult men. High-tech employees aged 25-65 year were recruited from an occupational periodic examination clinic at Rambam Health Campus. QoL was assessed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health-related quality of life questionnaire (HRQOL-4)...
2016: Nutrients
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