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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764957/examining-perceptions-about-iqos-heated-tobacco-product-consumer-studies-in-japan-and-switzerland
#1
Elizabeth C Hair, Morgane Bennett, Emily Sheen, Jennifer Cantrell, Jodie Briggs, Zoe Fenn, Jeffrey G Willett, Donna Vallone
OBJECTIVE: To examine consumer perceptions, attitudes and behaviours regarding the heated tobacco product, IQOS, as well as to document the product's marketing strategies to determine its potential for appealing to youth and young adults. METHOD: Truth Initiative, in collaboration with Flamingo, collected qualitative data via: (1) expert interviews, (2) semiotic analysis of IQOS packing and marketing materials, and (3) 12 focus groups with adults in Switzerland (ages 19-44 years; June 6-9, 2016) and Japan (ages 20-39 years; June 22-24, 2016) (n=68 for both groups)...
May 15, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705642/rare-earth-elements-in-german-soils-a-review
#2
Julia Mihajlovic, Jörg Rinklebe
Rare earth elements (REEs) are increasingly used in high-tech industry, agriculture, and healthcare technologies what leads to their release into soils and waters, and to the transfer into plants what may have negative impacts on human health and the environment. The toxicity and potential mobilization of REEs in soils can be assessed by their content and geochemical behavior along with soil properties. However, those interactions are so far not reviewed in German soils although such a review is important for a better understanding and prediction of the potential mobilization and toxicity...
April 12, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681786/information-management-for-the-assistive-technology-provision-in-community-perspectives-of-local-policymakers-and-health-service-providers
#3
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Sayaka Okahashi
Background: Assistive technology (AT) is a way to enhance the performance of daily activities in people with disabilities and help them live more independently. However, an important problem in providing AT lies in the effectiveness of information management. Local policymakers and health service providers have become aware of this problem and their perspectives are the key to solving it. Methods: This study explored the types of AT provided for people with disabilities in the community and the perspectives on information management of local policymakers and health service providers...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661015/seeing-is-believing-structures-and-functions-of-biological-molecules
#4
Nawsheen Boodhun
The ability to elucidate the structure and function of biological molecules holds great importance in a variety of domains. This includes prospects to tackle public health concerns, identification of new drug targets and therapeutic agents. In this issue of Tech News, Nawsheen Boodhun explores techniques used to understand macromolecules.
April 2018: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623001/proceedings-from-the-digital-innovation-in-mental-health-conference-london-2017
#5
EDITORIAL
Becky Inkster
Aims and Scope: The conference aims were two-fold: (1) to explore how digital technology is implemented into personalized and/or group mental health interventions and (2) to promote digital equality through developing culturally sensitive ways of bringing technological innovation to disadvantaged groups. A broad scope of perspectives were welcomed and encouraged, from lived experience, academic, clinical, media, the arts, policy-making, tech innovation, and other perspectives.
2018: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592846/evaluating-an-mhealth-app-for-health-and-well-being-at-work-mixed-method-qualitative-study
#6
Elsbeth Marieke de Korte, Noortje Wiezer, Joris H Janssen, Peter Vink, Wessel Kraaij
BACKGROUND: To improve workers' health and well-being, workplace interventions have been developed, but utilization and reach are unsatisfactory, and effects are small. In recent years, new approaches such as mobile health (mHealth) apps are being developed, but the evidence base is poor. Research is needed to examine its potential and to assess when, where, and for whom mHealth is efficacious in the occupational setting. To develop interventions for workers that actually will be adopted, insight into user satisfaction and technology acceptance is necessary...
March 28, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588120/pediatric-hospitalizations-attributable-to-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-among-cambodian-children-seven-years-of-active-surveillance-2010-2016
#7
Nhep Angkeabos, En Rin, Ork Vichit, Choeung Chea, Ngorn Tech, Daniel C Payne, Kimberley Fox, James D Heffelfinger, Varja Grabovac, Batmunkh Nyambat, Sergey Diorditsa, Chham Samnang, Md Shafiqul Hossain
BACKGROUND: Each year, approximately 1,066 Cambodian children under five years old die of diarrhea, and 51% of these deaths are due to rotavirus gastroenteritis. Quantifying childhood hospitalizations caused by severe rotavirus infections is also important in demonstrating disease burden caused by this virus. The objective of this study is to update and confirm the current burden of pediatric hospitalizations attributable to rotavirus gastroenteritis among Cambodian children using seven years of continuous active, prospective surveillance from 2010 to 2016...
March 24, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570969/tardive-dyskinesia-recognition-patient-assessment-and-differential-diagnosis
#8
Rakesh Jain, Christoph U Correll
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an involuntary movement disorder associated with antipsychotic treatment. Because of the serious and potentially irreversible nature of TD, accurate diagnosis is crucial. However, diagnosing TD can be challenging, since the subtle and often fluctuating symptoms can be easily mistaken for symptoms of mental illness or other side effects. Although the risk of developing TD in relation to treatment with second-generation antipsychotics is lower than that associated with first-generation antipsychotics, the risk still exists and may be greater than once believed...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538475/brazilian-portuguese-translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-apparent-validation-of-the-trauma-and-attachment-belief-scale
#9
Alcina Juliana Soares Barros, Stefania Pigatto Teche, Aline Rodrigues, Charlie Severo, Raquel Saldanha, Ana Margareth Bassols, Carolina Padoan, Camila Costa, Pricilla Laskoski, Diego Rebouças, Cristina Pessi, Glaydcianne Bezerra, Simone Hauck, Claudio Eizirik
OBJECTIVE: This article concerns the translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and apparent validation of the Trauma and Attachment Belief Scale (TABS), an instrument used to assess the psychological effects of traumatic life experiences and vicarious trauma. METHODS: This study involved literature review and evaluation of conceptual and item equivalences involving expert discussion groups focused on the existence and pertinence of the underlying theoretical concepts and corresponding items in a Brazilian context...
March 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510534/design-and-implementation-of-a-new-system-for-large-bridge-monitoring-geoshm
#10
Xiaolin Meng, Dinh Tung Nguyen, Yilin Xie, John S Owen, Panagiotis Psimoulis, Sean Ince, Qusen Chen, Jun Ye, Paul Bhatia
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a relatively new branch of civil engineering that focuses on assessing the health status of infrastructure, such as long-span bridges. Using a broad range of in-situ monitoring instruments, the purpose of the SHM is to help engineers understand the behaviour of structures, ensuring their structural integrity and the safety of the public. Under the Integrated Applications Promotion (IAP) scheme of the European Space Agency (ESA), a feasibility study (FS) project that used the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and Earth Observation (EO) for Structural Health Monitoring of Long-span Bridges (GeoSHM) was initiated in 2013...
March 4, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501366/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-nedaplatin-versus-cisplatin-in-stage-ii-ivb-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-an-open-label-non-inferiority-randomised-phase-3-trial
#11
Lin-Quan Tang, Dong-Ping Chen, Ling Guo, Hao-Yuan Mo, Ying Huang, Shan-Shan Guo, Bin Qi, Qing-Nan Tang, Pan Wang, Xiao-Yun Li, Ji-Bin Li, Qing Liu, Yuan-Hong Gao, Fang-Yun Xie, Li-Ting Liu, Yang Li, Sai-Lan Liu, Hao-Jun Xie, Yu-Jing Liang, Xue-Song Sun, Jin-Jie Yan, Yi-Shan Wu, Dong-Hua Luo, Pei-Yu Huang, Yan-Qun Xiang, Rui Sun, Ming-Yuan Chen, Xing Lv, Lin Wang, Wei-Xiong Xia, Chong Zhao, Ka-Jia Cao, Chao-Nan Qian, Xiang Guo, Ming-Huang Hong, Zhi-Qiang Nie, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy is currently considered to be the standard treatment regimen for patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, but has well known side-effects such as gastrointestinal reactions, nephrotoxicity, and ototoxicity. Nedaplatin was developed to decrease the toxic effects induced by cisplatin, and in this trial we assessed whether a nedaplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy regimen was non-inferior to a cisplatin-based regimen in patients with locoregional, stage II-IVB nasopharyngeal carcinoma...
April 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471822/direct-whole-genome-sequencing-of-plasmodium-falciparum-specimens-from-dried-erythrocyte-spots
#12
Sidsel Nag, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Johan Ursing, Camilla Koldbæk Lemvigh, Rosa Lundbye Allesøe, Amabelia Rodrigues, Christina Aaby Svendsen, Jacob Dyring Jensen, Michael Alifrangis, Ole Lund, Frank M Aarestrup
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum malaria remains a major health burden and genomic research represents one of the necessary approaches for continued progress towards malaria control and elimination. Sample acquisition for this purpose is troublesome, with the majority of malaria-infected individuals living in rural areas, away from main infrastructure and the electrical grid. The aim of this study was to describe a low-tech procedure to sample P. falciparum specimens for direct whole genome sequencing (WGS), without use of electricity and cold-chain...
February 23, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459890/promoting-local-ownership-lessons-learned-from-process-of-transitioning-clinical-mentoring-of-hiv-care-and-treatment-in-ethiopia
#13
Getnet M Kassie, Teklu Belay, Anjali Sharma, Getachew Feleke
Introduction: Focus on improving access and quality of HIV care and treatment gained acceptance in Ethiopia through the work of the International Training and Education Center for Health. The initiative deployed mobile field-based teams and capacity building teams to mentor health care providers on clinical services and program delivery in three regions, namely Tigray, Amhara, and Afar. Transitioning of the clinical mentoring program (CMP) began in 2012 through capacity building and transfer of skills and knowledge to local health care providers and management...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453854/cost-effective-innovations-in-low-resource-settings
#14
O H Chang, J P Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415670/the-alabama-vip-older-driver-study-rationale-and-design-examining-the-relationship-between-vision-impairment-and-driving-using-naturalistic-driving-techniques
#15
Cynthia Owsley, Gerald McGwin, Jonathan F Antin, Joanne M Wood, Jennifer Elgin
BACKGROUND: Older drivers aged ≥70 years old have among the highest rates of motor vehicle collisions (MVC) compared to other age groups. Driving is a highly visual task, and older adults have a high prevalence of vision impairment compared to other ages. Most studies addressing visual risk factors for MVCs by older drivers utilize vehicle accident reports as the primary outcome, an approach with several methodological limitations. Naturalistic driving research methods overcome these challenges and involve installing a high-tech, unobtrusive data acquisition system (DAS) in an older driver's own vehicle...
February 7, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402241/trial-protocol-a-parallel-group-individually-randomized-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-a-mobile-phone-application-to-improve-sexual-health-among-youth-in-stockholm-county
#16
Anna Nielsen, Ayesha De Costa, Aspasia Bågenholm, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Gaetano Marrone, Jens Boman, Mariano Salazar, Vinod Diwan
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is a major public health problem worldwide affecting mostly youth. Sweden introduced an opportunistic screening approach in 1982 accompanied by treatment, partner notification and case reporting. After an initial decline in infection rate till the mid-90s, the number of reported cases has increased over the last two decades and has now stabilized at a high level of 37,000 reported cases in Sweden per year (85% of cases in youth). Sexual risk-taking among youth is also reported to have significantly increased over the last 20 years...
February 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398159/assessing-the-effect-of-standardized-cost-systems-on-financial-performance-a-difference-in-differences-approach-for-hospitals-according-to-their-technological-level
#17
Beatriz García-Cornejo, José A Pérez-Méndez
Promoting the improvement of standardized cost systems (CS) is one of the measures available to health policy makers for the purpose of improving efficiency in hospitals over the long-term. Nevertheless, very few studies evaluate the relationship between alternative CS and the costs really incurred. We use data from 242 hospitals of the Spanish National Health Service (NHS) between 2010 and 2013 in order to explore the determinants of the cost per adjusted patient day, using a difference-in-differences approach where the treatment is the implementation of an advanced CS...
February 1, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396185/hearing-loss-why-does-it-matter-for-nursing-homes
#18
Ellen M McCreedy, Barbara E Weinstein, Joshua Chodosh, Jan Blustein
Over the past decade, hearing loss has emerged as a key issue for aging and health. We describe why hearing loss may be especially disabling in nursing home settings and provide an estimate of prevalence using the Minimum Data Set (MDS v.3.0). We outline steps to mitigate hearing loss. Many solutions are inexpensive and low-tech, but require significant awareness and institutional commitment.
April 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393607/blood-flow-changes-in-pelvic-vessels-associated-with-the-application-of-an-abdominal-compression-belt-in-healthy-postpartum-women
#19
T Dias, M Patabendige,, R P Herath, T I Garvik, F Liland, S Arulkumaran
Introduction: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) accounts for a high proportion of maternal mortality and morbidity throughout the world. A uterine compression belt which has been developed recently represents a very low tech, low cost solution in managing postpartum haemorrhage. Objectives: To evaluate the blood flow changes in pelvic vessels following application of the postpartum haemorrhage compression belt (Laerdal Global Health, Stavanger, Norway). Methods: The sample included healthy postpartum women within 6 hours of vaginal delivery...
December 26, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391669/the-partograph-in-childbirth-an-absolute-essentiality-or-a-mere-exercise
#20
REVIEW
Asha R Dalal, Ameya C Purandare
WHO has recommended use of the partograph, a low-tech paper form that has been hailed as an effective tool for the early detection of maternal and fetal complications during childbirth. Yet despite decades of training and investment, implementation rates and capacity to correctly use the partograph remain low in resource-limited settings. Nevertheless, competent use of the partograph, especially using newer technologies, can save maternal and fetal lives by ensuring that labor is closely monitored and that life-threatening complications such as obstructed labor are identified and treated...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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