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Luca Caldironi
More and more often analysts work with patients who must develop the capacity to participate in analysis. One such patient, H., conveyed the impression of being "bogged down." He did not work or study, and at home with his family was prone to violent outbursts; his social relationships were centered around drug use. Concepts from Bion and Winnicott helped H.'s analyst take the risks necessary to create a therapeutic relationship with him. The patient has come to realize the worth of analytic thinking, and its potential to transform his life...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Sabrina Eggmann, Martin L Verra, Gere Luder, Jukka Takala, Stephan M Jakob
BACKGROUND: Prolonged need for intensive care is associated with neuromuscular weakness, termed Intensive Care Unit Acquired Weakness. Those affected suffer from severe functional impairment that can persist for years. First studies suggest a positive effect of physiotherapy and early mobilisation. However, the ideal intervention for a preferential functional outcome is not known. So far no randomised controlled trial has been conducted to specifically evaluate an early endurance and resistance training in the mechanically ventilated, critically ill patient...
2016: Trials
Micah John Luderer, Barbara Muz, Pilar de la Puente, Sanmathi Chavalmane, Vaishali Kapoor, Raymundo Marcelo, Pratim Biswas, Dinesh Thotala, Buck Rogers, Abdel Kareem Azab
PURPOSE: Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) has the potential to become a viable cancer treatment modality, but its clinical translation has been limited by the poor tumor selectivity of agents. To address this unmet need, a boronated 2-nitroimidazole derivative (B-381) was synthesized and evaluated for its capability of targeting hypoxic glioma cells. METHODS: B-381 has been synthesized from a 1-step reaction. Using D54 and U87 glioma cell lines, the in vitro cytotoxicity and cellular accumulation of B-381 has been evaluated under normoxic and hypoxic conditions compared to L-boronophenylalanine (BPA)...
October 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Hans H Kornhuber, Lüder Deecke
A method of chronological data storage and reverse computation is described by which bio-electrical phenomena preceding 'spontaneous' events within the nervous system can be analysed if these events appear repeatedly and are capable of triggering a computer.Slow brain potentials accompanying voluntary and passive movements of the limbs were analysed by this method. These potentials were recorded from different points of the scalp from 12 healthy subjects in 94 experiments with more than 100 movements in each record...
July 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Birendra Mishra, Laura Ortiz, Ulrike Luderer
STUDY QUESTION: Do charged iron particles, components of space radiation, cause premature ovarian failure? SUMMARY ANSWER: Exposure to charged iron particles causes ovarian DNA damage, oxidative damage and apoptosis, resulting in premature ovarian failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The ovary is very sensitive to follicle destruction by low linear energy transfer (LET) radiation, such as X-rays and γ-rays. However, it is completely unknown whether high-LET radiation, such as charged iron particles, also destroys ovarian follicles...
August 2016: Human Reproduction
Manuel Wallbach, Marcel Halbach, Hannes Reuter, Jens Passauer, Stephan Lüders, Enrico Böhning, Dieter Zenker, Gerhard A Müller, Rolf Wachter, Michael J Koziolek
BACKGROUND: Both baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) and renal denervation modulate sympathetic activity. The aim of this study was to systematically investigate whether additive modulation of autonomic nervous system by BAT lowers blood pressure (BP) in patients who still suffer from uncontrolled resistant hypertension despite prior renal denervation. METHODS: From 2012 to January 2015, patients treated with BAT for uncontrolled resistant hypertension, who prior received renal denervation were consecutively analyzed in four German centers for hypertension...
August 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hiroko K Solvang, Arnoldo Frigessi, Fateme Kaveh, Margit L H Riis, Torben Lüders, Ida R K Bukholm, Vessela N Kristensen, Bettina K Andreassen
Tumor size, as indicated by the T-category, is known as a strong prognostic indicator for breast cancer. It is common practice to distinguish the T1 and T2 groups at a tumor size of 2.0 cm. We investigated the 2.0-cm rule from a new point of view. Here, we try to find the optimal threshold based on the differences between the gene expression profiles of the T1 and T2 groups (as defined by the threshold). We developed a numerical algorithm to measure the overall differential gene expression between patients with smaller tumors and those with larger tumors among multiple expression datasets from different studies...
December 2016: EURASIP Journal on Bioinformatics & Systems Biology
Erik S Mittra, Norman Koglin, Camila Mosci, Meena Kumar, Aileen Hoehne, Khun Visith Keu, Andrei H Iagaru, Andre Mueller, Mathias Berndt, Santiago Bullich, Matthias Friebe, Heribert Schmitt-Willich, Volker Gekeler, Lüder M Fels, Claudia Bacher-Stier, Dae Hyuk Moon, Frederick T Chin, Andrew W Stephens, Ludger M Dinkelborg, Sanjiv S Gambhir
PURPOSE: (S)-4-(3-[18F]Fluoropropyl)-L-glutamic acid (18F-FSPG) is a novel radiopharmaceutical for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging. It is a glutamate analogue that can be used to measure xC- transporter activity. This study was performed to assess the feasibility of 18F-FSPG for imaging orthotopic brain tumors in small animals and the translation of this approach in human subjects with intracranial malignancies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: For the small animal study, GS9L glioblastoma cells were implanted into brains of Fischer rats and studied with 18F-FSPG, the 18F-labeled glucose derivative 18F-FDG and with the 18F-labeled amino acid derivative 18F-FET...
2016: PloS One
I Lüders, B Tindall, D Young, G van der Horst, S Botha, I Luther, L Maree, H J Bertschinger
Doses for standing sedation allowing for various procedures in otherwise inaccessible, untrained captive African elephant bulls are presented. Thirty-three standing sedations were performed in 12 males aged 8-30 years (one to four sedations per animal). Each bull received a combination of 0.009 ± 0.002 mg/kg medetomidine and 0.03 ± 0.007 mg/kg butorphanol. Full sedation was reached on average 25.5 min after injection. The addition of hyaluronidase (1000-2000 IU) significantly reduced time to full sedation to 16...
March 2016: Veterinary Journal
P D Watson, E J Paul, G E Cooke, N Ward, J M Monti, K M Horecka, C M Allen, C H Hillman, N J Cohen, A F Kramer, A K Barbey
Healthy adults have robust individual differences in neuroanatomy and cognitive ability not captured by demographics or gross morphology (Luders, Narr, Thompson, & Toga, 2009). We used a hierarchical independent component analysis (hICA) to create novel characterizations of individual differences in our participants (N=190). These components fused data across multiple cognitive tests and neuroanatomical variables. The first level contained four independent, underlying sources of phenotypic variance that predominately modeled broad relationships within types of data (e...
April 1, 2016: NeuroImage
Sebastian Damerow, Carolin Hoppe, Giulia Bandini, Patricia Zarnovican, Falk F R Buettner, Carsten G K Lüder, Michael A J Ferguson, Françoise H Routier
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004205.].
January 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Sebastian Damerow, Carolin Hoppe, Giulia Bandini, Patricia Zarnovican, Falk F R Buettner, Falk R Buettner, Carsten G K Lüder, Michael A J Ferguson, Françoise H Routier
Interconversion of UDP-glucose (UDP-Glc) and UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) by the UDP-Glc 4´-epimerase intimately connects the biosynthesis of these two nucleotide sugars. Their de novo biosynthesis involves transformation of glucose-6-phosphate into glucose-1-phosphate by the phosphoglucomutase and subsequent activation into UDP-Glc by the specific UDP-Glc pyrophosphorylase (UGP). Besides UGP, Leishmania parasites express an uncommon UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase (USP) able to activate both galactose-1-phosphate and glucose-1-phosphate in vitro...
November 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Marko Marjanović, Carlos Sánchez-Huertas, Berta Terré, Rocío Gómez, Jan Frederik Scheel, Sarai Pacheco, Philip A Knobel, Ana Martínez-Marchal, Suvi Aivio, Lluís Palenzuela, Uwe Wolfrum, Peter J McKinnon, José A Suja, Ignasi Roig, Vincenzo Costanzo, Jens Lüders, Travis H Stracker
CEP63 is a centrosomal protein that facilitates centriole duplication and is regulated by the DNA damage response. Mutations in CEP63 cause Seckel syndrome, a human disease characterized by microcephaly and dwarfism. Here we demonstrate that Cep63-deficient mice recapitulate Seckel syndrome pathology. The attrition of neural progenitor cells involves p53-dependent cell death, and brain size is rescued by the deletion of p53. Cell death is not the result of an aberrant DNA damage response but is triggered by centrosome-based mitotic errors...
2015: Nature Communications
J Schrader, S Lüders
BACKGROUND: Therapy-resistant hypertension is commonly encountered in daily practice. It is present when the therapeutic goal is not achieved after trying at least three antihypertensives from different groups with adequate doses and including a diuretic. Between 10 and 20% of patients are affected and their prognosis is poor. Thus, intensive strategies are required to achieve normotension. DIAGNOSIS: An exact diagnosis is essential. Pseudoresistance needs to be excluded in addition to secondary hypertension and sleep apnea syndrome...
February 2015: Der Internist
G Kristiansen, B Delahunt, J R Srigley, C Lüders, J-M Lunkenheimer, H Gevensleben, T Thiesler, R Montironi, L Egevad
The 2012 consensus conference of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) has formulated recommendations on classification, prognostic factors and staging as well as immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology of renal tumors. Agreement was reached on the recognition of five new tumor entities: tubulocystic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), acquired cystic kidney disease-associated RCC, clear cell (tubulo) papillary RCC, microphthalmia transcription factor family RCC, in particular t(6;11) RCC and hereditary leiomyomatosis-associated RCC...
May 2015: Der Pathologe
A Dalgleish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1987: Immunology Today
M Meyborg, C Engelbertz, F Lüders, K Gebauer, N M Malyar, H Reinecke
AIM: Recanalization of long segmental occlusions of femoropopliteal arteries can be achieved by angioplasty and implantation of nitinol stents with high procedural success rates. However, due to recurrent in-stent restenoses (ISR) some patients need repeated interventions and their intermediate success rates are uncertain. METHODS: Patients who were treated in our center from March 2008 through February 2011 due to symptomatic ISR (as determined by Duplex sonography) were retrospectively included in the study...
June 2015: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Hans Lüders, Shahram Amina, Christopher Bailey, Christoph Baumgartner, Selim Benbadis, Adriana Bermeo, Maria Carreño, Michael Devereaux, Beate Diehl, Matthew Eccher, Jonathan Edwards, Philip Fastenau, Guadalupe Fernandez Baca-Vaca, Jaime Godoy, Hajo Hamer, Seung Bong Hong, Akio Ikeda, Philippe Kahane, Kitti Kaiboriboon, Giridhar Kalamangalam, David Lardizabal, Samden Lhatoo, Jürgen Lüders, Jayanti Mani, Carlos Mayor, Tomas Mesa Latorre, Jonathan Miller, Harold H Morris, Soheyl Noachtar, Cormac O'Donovan, Jun Park, Maria Angeles Perez-Jimenez, Sabine Rona, Felix Rosenow, Asim Shahid, Stephan Schuele, Christopher Skidmore, Bernhard Steinhoff, Charles Á Szabó, Jennifer Sweet, Nitin Tandon, Adriana Tanner, Sadatoshi Tsuji
There are at least five types of alterations of consciousness that occur during epileptic seizures: auras with illusions or hallucinations, dyscognitive seizures, epileptic delirium, dialeptic seizures, and epileptic coma. Each of these types of alterations of consciousness has a specific semiology and a distinct pathophysiologic mechanism. In this proposal we emphasize the need to clearly define each of these alterations/loss of consciousness and to apply this terminology in semiologic descriptions and classifications of epileptic seizures...
August 2014: Epilepsia
K Weber, K Gebauer, F Lüders, M Meyborg, N Malyar, T Goerge, H Reinecke
AIM: Micro-lightguide spectrophotometry (O2C®) provides easily and rapidly measurable parameters of tissue microcirculation. The aim of this study was to assess whether micro-lightguide spectrophotometer (O2C®) based parameters of the tissue microcirculation can serve as predictors of ulcer healing. Furthermore, we tried to identify cut off values to forecast patient outcome and check other diagnostic meanings of individual O2C-parameters. METHODS: Forty individuals, all suffering from critical limb ischemia and arterial or arteriovenous ulcers were retrospectively investigated concerning O2C®- and ankle/toe brachial index-measurements before and up to two times after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)...
December 2014: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
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