Read by QxMD icon Read


E Lenguerrand, M R Whitehouse, A D Beswick, S A Jones, M L Porter, A W Blom
OBJECTIVES: We used the National Joint Registry for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man (NJR) to investigate the risk of revision due to prosthetic joint infection (PJI) for patients undergoing primary and revision hip arthroplasty, the changes in risk over time, and the overall burden created by PJI. METHODS: We analysed revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed due to a diagnosis of PJI and the linked index procedures recorded in the NJR between 2003 and 2014...
June 2017: Bone & Joint Research
Richard J Napier, Owen Diamond, Chris K J O'Neill, Seamus O'Brien, David E Beverland
INTRODUCTION: Acetabular liner dissociation is a complication exclusive to modular designs. We present a single surgeon series of 8 polyethylene liner dissociations with the Pinnacle Acetabular System (DePuy Orthopaedics) from over 4,750 cases. We also present a review of the literature and data from the UK National Joint Registry (NJR) on dissociation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: The Pinnacle Acetabular System has been used exclusively by the senior author since April 2003, and to date 5,882 have been implanted (837 ceramic liners, 4,751 polyethylene liners (1,606 Enduron/3,145 Marathon) and 294 metal liners)...
June 14, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Njr Lyons, J B Cornille, S Pathak, P Charters, I R Daniels, N J Smart
AIM: Conventional haemorrhoidectomy is still considered as the reference standard for the management of severe or recurrent haemorrhoids. Pain is reported by patients to be the most common post operative complication. Although the literature lacks a consensus on its effectiveness, Metronidazole is often used to reduce post operative pain.. We have performed a meta-analysis of all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the use of metronidazole for pain relief after haemorrhoidectomy...
June 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Helen M Ingoe, Philip Holland, Paul Cowling, Lucksy Kottam, Paul N Baker, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: The surgical options for revision shoulder arthroplasty and the number of procedures performed are increasing. However, little is known about the risk factors for intraoperative complications associated with this complex surgery. METHODS: The National Joint Registry (NJR) is a surgeon reported database recording information on major joint replacements including revision shoulder arthroplasty. Using multivariable binary logistic regression modelling, we analyzed 1445 revision shoulder arthroplasties reported to the NJR between April 2012 and 2015...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
Brian J McGrory, Caryn D Etkin, David G Lewallen
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasties are common and successful procedures, however, success and durability are not guaranteed. The revision burden, defined as the ratio of implant revisions to the total number of arthroplasties in a specific period, is a measure of the steady state of arthroplasty success in a given registry. This study examines the hypothesis that revision burden would be similar among contemporary joint replacement registries and improving over time compared with historic controls...
June 2016: Arthroplasty Today
Mark J Pearson, Liam M Grover, Janet M Lord, Simon W Jones, Edward T Davis
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine has been adopted in a range of clinical settings where omics data have led to greater characterisation of disease and stratification of patients into subcategories of phenotypes and pathologies. However, in orthopaedics, precision medicine lags behind other disciplines such as cancer. Joint registries have now amassed a huge body of data pertaining to implant performance which can be broken down into performance statistics for different material types in different cohorts of patients...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob, Martin Connock, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Hema Mistry, Amy Grove, Karoline Freeman, Matthew Costa, Paul Sutcliffe, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement for end stage arthritis of the hip is currently the most common elective surgical procedure. In 2007 about 7.5% of UK implants were metal-on-metal joint resurfacing (MoM RS) procedures. Due to poor revision performance and concerns about metal debris, the use of RS had declined by 2012 to about a 1% share of UK hip procedures. This study estimated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of metal-on-metal resurfacing (RS) procedures versus commonly employed total hip replacement (THR) methods...
2016: PloS One
J Palan, M C Smith, P Gregg, S Mellon, A Kulkarni, K Tucker, A W Blom, D W Murray, H Pandit
AIMS: Periprosthetic fracture (PF) after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication. This study aims to investigate the influence of cemented stem designs on the risk of needing a revision for a PF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed data on 257 202 primary THAs with cemented stems and 390 linked first revisions for PF recorded in the National Joint Registry (NJR) of England, Wales and Northern Ireland to determine if a cemented femoral stem brand was associated with the risk of having revision for a PF after primary THA...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
S Singh, S Reddy, Raj Shrivastava
This study compared the National Joint Registry for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man (NJR) data for total hip replacements (THRs) and total knee replacements (TKRs) from Hospital A [with laminar airflow (LAF)] and Hospital B (without LAF). These hospitals were originally managed by two different trusts that subsequently merged. Consequently, the theatres in Hospital A have always had LAF and those in Hospital B had only conventional ventilation systems. As this merger happened before the establishment of the NJR, it puts us in a unique position, enabling direct comparison of the revision rates for infected hip and knee replacements between the two hospitals that follow similar infection protocols...
February 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Razi Zaidi, Alexander MacGregor, Suzie Cro, Andy Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mortality rate following total ankle replacement (TAR) and incidence of 90 day pulmonary embolism (PE) along with the associated risk factors. DESIGN: Data-linkage study of the UK National Joint Registry (NJR) data and Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) database. Linkage was performed in a deterministic fashion. HES episodes 90 days after the index procedure were analysed for PE. Mortality data were obtained pertaining to all the index procedures from the NJR for analysis...
June 21, 2016: BMJ Open
Thomas Partridge, Ian Carluke, Kevin Emmerson, Paul Partington, Mike Reed
Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) were introduced in 2009 to allow patient perspectives to potentially influence change and improvement. In collaboration with the national joint registry (NJR), PROMs data has been examined on a national basis to compare surgical factors in total knee replacement (TKR). Initial results demonstrated there were statistically significant differences in Oxford Knee Score (OKS) when using different brands of implant. Preservation of the infrapatella fatpad (IFP) has also been shown improve outcomes...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Razi Zaidi, Alexander J Macgregor, Andy Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: To report on the rate of 30-day readmission and the rate of additional or revision surgery within 12 months following total ankle replacement (TAR). DESIGN: A data-linkage study of the UK National Joint Registry (NJR) data and Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) database. These two databases were linked in a deterministic fashion. HES episodes 12 months following the index procedure were isolated and analysed. Logistic regression was used to model predictors of reoperation and revision for primary ankle replacement...
May 23, 2016: BMJ Open
Mark Pennington, Richard Grieve, Nick Black, Jan H van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of alternative brands of prosthesis for total knee replacement (TKR). We compared patient-reported outcomes, revision rates, and costs, and estimated the relative cost-effectiveness of five frequently used cemented brands of unconstrained prostheses with fixed bearings (PFC Sigma, AGC Biomet, Nexgen, Genesis 2, and Triathlon). METHODS: We used data from three national databases for patients who had a TKR between 2003 and 2012, to estimate the effect of prosthesis brand on post-operative quality of life (QOL) (EQ-5D-3L) in 53 126 patients at six months...
2016: PloS One
L Ogonda, J Hill, E Doran, J Dennison, M Stevenson, D Beverland
AIMS: The aim of this study was to present data on 11 459 patients who underwent total hip (THA), total knee (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) between November 2002 and April 2014 with aspirin as the primary agent for pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) then compared the 90-day all-cause mortality with the corresponding data in the National Joint Registry for England and Wales (NJR)...
March 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Richard J Holleyman, Paul N Baker, Andre Charlett, Kate Gould, David J Deehan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of the causative organism in a series of primary hip arthroplasties revised for a diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in England and Wales. METHODS: Patient data from the National Joint Registry (NJR) was linked to microbiology data held by Public Health England (PHE) which identified a series of 248 primary hip arthroplasties revised for PJI between 2003 and 2014. Definitive cultures, isolated at time of revision surgery, were available for all cases...
January 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
S A Sabah, J Henckel, S Koutsouris, R Rajani, H Hothi, J A Skinner, A J Hart
AIMS: The National Joint Registry for England, Wales and Northern Ireland (NJR) has extended its scope to report on hospital, surgeon and implant performance. Data linkage of the NJR to the London Implant Retrieval Centre (LIRC) has previously evaluated data quality for hip primary procedures, but did not assess revision records. METHODS: We analysed metal-on-metal hip revision procedures performed between 2003 and 2013. A total of 69 929 revision procedures from the NJR and 929 revised pairs of components from the LIRC were included...
January 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Richard J Holleyman, David J Deehan, Andre Charlett, Kate Gould, Paul N Baker
PURPOSE: This study examined a cohort of primary knee arthroplasties revised for peri-prosthetic infection to (1) determine whether the microorganisms isolated by sampling (up to 6 months pre-operatively) are representative of the microorganisms encountered at the time of knee revision, (2) determine whether the antibiotic sensitivity profiles of matching organisms correlate and (3) determine whether the proportion of organism and antibiotic sensitivity matches is influenced by the type of infection, timing of sample collection and the type of microorganism isolated...
October 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
A D Liddle, H Pandit, A Judge, D W Murray
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has advantages over total knee arthroplasty but national joint registries report a significantly higher revision rate for UKA. As a result, most surgeons are highly selective, offering UKA only to a small proportion (up to 5%) of patients requiring arthroplasty of the knee, and consequently performing few each year. However, surgeons with large UKA practices have the lowest rates of revision. The overall size of the practice is often beyond the surgeon's control, therefore case volume may only be increased by broadening the indications for surgery, and offering UKA to a greater proportion of patients requiring arthroplasty of the knee...
November 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Rohit Singh, Gopikanthan Manoharan, Pete Craig, Simon Collier, Phillip Shaylor, Ashok Sinha
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-metal total hip replacements (THRs) with large femoral heads have been associated with elevated levels of cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr), which have been attributed to high levels of wear at the articular surface. Our unit recently published data showing a significant increase in the mean levels of Co ions in patients with a 36-mm diameter femoral head with the metal-on-polyethylene Trident-Accolade system. The aim of this study is to assess the levels of Co and Cr in the Exeter-Trident hybrid system, as similar findings would raise concern over the V40 taper trunnion...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Keith Tucker, Martin Pickford, Claire Newell, Peter Howard, Linda P Hunt, Ashley W Blom
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There have recently been highly publicized examples of suboptimal outcomes with some newer implant designs used for total hip replacement. This has led to calls for tighter regulation. However, surgeons do not always adhere to the regulations already in place and often use implants from different manufacturers together to replace a hip, which is against the recommendations of the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) and the directions of the manufacturers...
2015: Acta Orthopaedica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"