keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

robert caroline

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923976/early-restriction-of-placental-growth-results-in-placental-structural-and-gene-expression-changes-in-late-gestation-independent-of-fetal-hypoxemia
#1
Song Zhang, Paige Barker, Kimberley J Botting, Claire T Roberts, Christine M McMillan, Isabella Caroline McMillen, Janna L Morrison
Placental restriction and insufficiency are associated with altered patterns of placental growth, morphology, substrate transport capacity, growth factor expression, and glucocorticoid exposure. We have used a pregnant sheep model in which the intrauterine environment has been perturbed by uterine carunclectomy (Cx). This procedure results in early restriction of placental growth and either the development of chronic fetal hypoxemia (PaO2≤17 mmHg) in late gestation or in compensatory placental growth and the maintenance of fetal normoxemia (PaO2>17 mmHg)...
December 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922026/percutaneous-gastrostomy-device-for-the-treatment-of-class-ii-and-class-iii-obesity-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Christopher C Thompson, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Robert Kushner, Shelby Sullivan, Alan B Schorr, Anastassia Amaro, Caroline M Apovian, Terrence Fullum, Amir Zarrinpar, Michael D Jensen, Adam C Stein, Steven Edmundowicz, Michel Kahaleh, Marvin Ryou, J Matthew Bohning, Gregory Ginsberg, Christopher Huang, Daniel D Tran, Joseph P Glaser, John A Martin, David L Jaffe, Francis A Farraye, Samuel B Ho, Nitin Kumar, Donna Harakal, Meredith Young, Catherine E Thomas, Alpana P Shukla, Michele B Ryan, Miki Haas, Heidi Goldsmith, Jennifer McCrea, Louis J Aronne
OBJECTIVES: The AspireAssist System (AspireAssist) is an endoscopic weight loss device that is comprised of an endoscopically placed percutaneous gastrostomy tube and an external device to facilitate drainage of about 30% of the calories consumed in a meal, in conjunction with lifestyle (diet and exercise) counseling. METHODS: In this 52-week clinical trial, 207 participants with a body-mass index (BMI) of 35.0-55.0 kg/m(2) were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to treatment with AspireAssist plus Lifestyle Counseling (n=137; mean BMI was 42...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920155/sos2-and-acp1-loci-identified-through-large-scale-exome-chip-analysis-regulate-kidney-development-and-function
#3
Man Li, Yong Li, Olivia Weeks, Vladan Mijatovic, Alexander Teumer, Jennifer E Huffman, Gerard Tromp, Christian Fuchsberger, Mathias Gorski, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Teresa Nutile, Sanaz Sedaghat, Rossella Sorice, Adrienne Tin, Qiong Yang, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Dan E Arking, Nathan A Bihlmeyer, Carsten A Böger, Robert J Carroll, Daniel I Chasman, Marilyn C Cornelis, Abbas Dehghan, Jessica D Faul, Mary F Feitosa, Giovanni Gambaro, Paolo Gasparini, Franco Giulianini, Iris Heid, Jinyan Huang, Medea Imboden, Anne U Jackson, Janina Jeff, Min A Jhun, Ronit Katz, Annette Kifley, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ashish Kumar, Markku Laakso, Ruifang Li-Gao, Kurt Lohman, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Giovanni Malerba, Evelin Mihailov, Karen L Mohlke, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Antonietta Robino, Douglas Ruderfer, Erika Salvi, Ursula M Schick, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Albert V Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Michela Traglia, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Wei Zhao, Mark O Goodarzi, Aldi T Kraja, Chunyu Liu, Jennifer Wessel, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid B Borecki, Jette Bork-Jensen, Erwin P Bottinger, Daniele Braga, Ivan Brandslund, Jennifer A Brody, Archie Campbell, David J Carey, Cramer Christensen, Josef Coresh, Errol Crook, Gary C Curhan, Daniele Cusi, Ian H de Boer, Aiko P J de Vries, Joshua C Denny, Olivier Devuyst, Albert W Dreisbach, Karlhans Endlich, Tõnu Esko, Oscar H Franco, Tibor Fulop, Glenn S Gerhard, Charlotte Glümer, Omri Gottesman, Niels Grarup, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Lynne Hocking, Albert Hofman, Frank B Hu, Lise Lotte N Husemoen, Rebecca D Jackson, Torben Jørgensen, Marit E Jørgensen, Mika Kähönen, Sharon L R Kardia, Wolfgang König, Charles Kooperberg, Jennifer Kriebel, Lenore J Launer, Torsten Lauritzen, Terho Lehtimäki, Daniel Levy, Pamela Linksted, Allan Linneberg, Yongmei Liu, Ruth J F Loos, Antonio Lupo, Christine Meisinger, Olle Melander, Andres Metspalu, Paul Mitchell, Matthias Nauck, Peter Nürnberg, Marju Orho-Melander, Afshin Parsa, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Ozren Polasek, David Porteous, Nicole M Probst-Hensch, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Olli T Raitakari, Alex P Reiner, Rainer Rettig, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jacques E Rossouw, Frank Schmidt, David Siscovick, Nicole Soranzo, Konstantin Strauch, Daniela Toniolo, Stephen T Turner, André G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Dinesh Velayutham, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Melanie Waldenberger, Jie Jin Wang, David R Weir, Daniel Witte, Helena Kuivaniemi, Caroline S Fox, Nora Franceschini, Wolfram Goessling, Anna Köttgen, Audrey Y Chu
Genome-wide association studies have identified >50 common variants associated with kidney function, but these variants do not fully explain the variation in eGFR. We performed a two-stage meta-analysis of associations between genotypes from the Illumina exome array and eGFR on the basis of serum creatinine (eGFRcrea) among participants of European ancestry from the CKDGen Consortium (nStage1: 111,666; nStage2: 48,343). In single-variant analyses, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms at seven new loci associated with eGFRcrea (PPM1J, EDEM3, ACP1, SPEG, EYA4, CYP1A1, and ATXN2L; PStage1<3...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909050/notch-pathway-is-activated-via-genetic-and-epigenetic-alterations-and-is-a-therapeutic-target-in-clear-cell-renal-cancer
#4
Tushar D Bhagat, Yiyu Zou, Shizeng Huang, Jihwan Park, Matthew B Palmer, Caroline Hu, Wejuan Li, Niraj Shenoy, Orsolya Giricz, Gaurav Choudhary, Yiting Yu, Yi-An Ko, Maria C Izquierdo, Ae Seo Deok Park, Nishanth Vallumsetla, Remi Laurence, Robert Lopez, Masako Suzuki, James Pullman, Justin Kaner, Benjamin Gartrell, A Ari Hakimi, John M Greally, Bharvin Patel, Karim Benhadji, Kith Pradhan, Amit Verma, Katalin Susztak
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is an incurable malignancy in advanced stages and needs newer therapeutic targets. Transcriptomic analysis of CCRCCs and matched microdissected renal tubular controls revealed overexpression of NOTCH ligands and receptors in tumor tissues. Examination of the TCGA RNA-seq dataset also revealed widespread activation of NOTCH pathway in a large cohort of CCRCC samples. Samples with NOTCH pathway activation were also clinically distinct and were associated with better overall survival...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908967/kinetic-modeling-of-the-tau-pet-tracer-18f-av-1451-in-human-healthy-volunteers-and-alzheimer-s-disease-subjects
#5
Olivier Barret, David Alagille, Sandra Sanabria, Robert A Comley, Robby M Weimer, Edilio Borroni, Mark Mintun, Nicholas Seneca, Caroline Papin, Thomas Morley, Ken Marek, John P Seibyl, Gilles D Tamagnan, Danna Jennings
: (18)F-AV-1451 is currently the most widely used of several experimental tau PET tracers. The objective of this study was to evaluate (18)F-AV-1451 binding with full kinetic analysis using a metabolite corrected arterial input function, and to compare parameters derived from kinetic analysis with standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) calculated over different imaging time intervals. METHODS: (18)F-AV-1451 PET brain imaging was completed in 16 subjects: 4 young healthy volunteers (YHV), 4 aged healthy volunteers (AHV) and 8 Alzheimer's disease subjects (AD)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903971/novel-risk-models-for-early-detection-and-screening-of-ovarian-cancer
#6
Matthew R Russell, Alfonsina D'Amato, Ciaren Graham, Emma J Crosbie, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Andy Ryan, Jatinderpal K Kalsi, Evangelia-Ourania Fourkala, Caroline Dive, Michael Walker, Anthony D Whetton, Usha Menon, Ian Jacobs, Robert L J Graham
PURPOSE: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynaecological cancer. Early detection is required to improve patient survival. Risk estimation models were constructed for Type I (Model I) and Type II (Model II) OC from analysis of Protein Z, Fibronectin, C-reactive protein and CA125 levels in prospectively collected samples from the United Kingdom Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). RESULTS: Model I identifies cancers earlier than CA125 alone, with a potential lead time of 3-4 years...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900714/is-there-asymmetry-between-the-concave-and-convex-pedicles-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-ct-investigation
#7
Colin M Davis, Caroline A Grant, Mark J Pearcy, Geoffrey N Askin, Robert D Labrom, Maree T Izatt, Clayton J Adam, J Paige Little
BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine characterized by deformities in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes. Spinal fusion using pedicle screw instrumentation is a widely used method for surgical correction in severe (coronal deformity, Cobb angle > 45°) adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Understanding the anatomic difference in the pedicles of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is essential to reduce the risk of neurovascular or visceral injury through pedicle screw misplacement...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898078/corrigendum-genetic-variants-associated-with-subjective-well-being-depressive-symptoms-and-neuroticism-identified-through-genome-wide-analyses
#8
Aysu Okbay, Bart M L Baselmans, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Patrick Turley, Michel G Nivard, Mark Alan Fontana, S Fleur W Meddens, Richard Karlsson Linnér, Cornelius A Rietveld, Jaime Derringer, Jacob Gratten, James J Lee, Jimmy Z Liu, Ronald de Vlaming, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Jadwiga Buchwald, Alana Cavadino, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Nicholas A Furlotte, Victoria Garfield, Marie Henrike Geisel, Juan R Gonzalez, Saskia Haitjema, Robert Karlsson, Sander W van der Laan, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Jari Lahti, Sven J van der Lee, Penelope A Lind, Tian Liu, Lindsay Matteson, Evelin Mihailov, Michael B Miller, Camelia C Minica, Ilja M Nolte, Dennis Mook-Kanamori, Peter J van der Most, Christopher Oldmeadow, Yong Qian, Olli Raitakari, Rajesh Rawal, Anu Realo, Rico Rueedi, Börge Schmidt, Albert V Smith, Evie Stergiakouli, Toshiko Tanaka, Kent Taylor, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Juho Wedenoja, Juergen Wellmann, Harm-Jan Westra, Sara M Willems, Wei Zhao, Najaf Amin, Andrew Bakshi, Sven Bergmann, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Patricia A Boyle, Samantha Cherney, Simon R Cox, Gail Davies, Oliver S P Davis, Jun Ding, Nese Direk, Peter Eibich, Rebecca T Emeny, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Jessica D Faul, Luigi Ferrucci, Andreas J Forstner, Christian Gieger, Richa Gupta, Tamara B Harris, Juliette M Harris, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Philip L De Jager, Marika A Kaakinen, Eero Kajantie, Ville Karhunen, Ivana Kolcic, Meena Kumari, Lenore J Launer, Lude Franke, Ruifang Li-Gao, David C Liewald, Marisa Koini, Anu Loukola, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Grant W Montgomery, Miriam A Mosing, Lavinia Paternoster, Alison Pattie, Katja E Petrovic, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Lydia Quaye, Katri Räikkönen, Igor Rudan, Rodney J Scott, Jennifer A Smith, Angelina R Sutin, Maciej Trzaskowski, Anna E Vinkhuyzen, Lei Yu, Delilah Zabaneh, John R Attia, David A Bennett, Klaus Berger, Lars Bertram, Dorret I Boomsma, Harold Snieder, Shun-Chiao Chang, Francesco Cucca, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan G Eriksson, Ute Bültmann, Eco J C de Geus, Patrick J F Groenen, Vilmundur Gudnason, Torben Hansen, Catharine A Hartman, Claire M A Haworth, Caroline Hayward, Andrew C Heath, David A Hinds, Elina Hyppönen, William G William, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Jaakko Kaprio, Sharon L R Kardia, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Peter Kraft, Laura D Kubzansky, Terho Lehtimäki, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Matt McGue, Andres Metspalu, Melinda Mills, Renée de Mutsert, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Robert Plomin, Ozren Polasek, Christine Power, Stephen S Rich, Frits R Rosendaal, Hester M den Ruijter, David Schlessinger, Helena Schmidt, Rauli Svento, Reinhold Schmidt, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Andrew Steptoe, Antonio Terracciano, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, A Roy Thurik, Nicholas J Timpson, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Vollenweider, Gert G Wagner, David R Weir, Jian Yang, Dalton C Conley, George Davey Smith, Albert Hofman, Magnus Johannesson, David I Laibson, Sarah E Medland, Michelle N Meyer, Joseph K Pickrell, Tõnu Esko, Robert F Krueger, Jonathan P Beauchamp, Philipp D Koellinger, Daniel J Benjamin, Meike Bartels, David Cesarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887604/variable-ventilation-improves-pulmonary-function-and-reduces-lung-damage-without-increasing-bacterial-translocation-in-a-rat-model-of-experimental-pneumonia
#9
Raquel F de Magalhães, Cynthia S Samary, Raquel S Santos, Milena V de Oliveira, Nazareth N Rocha, Cintia L Santos, Jamil Kitoko, Carlos A M Silva, Caroline L Hildebrandt, Cassiano F Goncalves-de-Albuquerque, Adriana R Silva, Hugo C Faria-Neto, Vanessa Martins, Vera L Capelozzi, Robert Huhle, Marcelo M Morales, Priscilla Olsen, Paolo Pelosi, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Patricia R M Rocco, Pedro L Silva
BACKGROUND: Variable ventilation has been shown to improve pulmonary function and reduce lung damage in different models of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Nevertheless, variable ventilation has not been tested during pneumonia. Theoretically, periodic increases in tidal volume (VT) and airway pressures might worsen the impairment of alveolar barrier function usually seen in pneumonia and could increase bacterial translocation into the bloodstream. We investigated the impact of variable ventilation on lung function and histologic damage, as well as markers of lung inflammation, epithelial and endothelial cell damage, and alveolar stress, and bacterial translocation in experimental pneumonia...
November 25, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877203/past-and-present-dynamics-of-sorghum-and-pearl-millet-diversity-in-mount-kenya-region
#10
Vanesse Labeyrie, Monique Deu, Yann Dussert, Bernard Rono, Françoise Lamy, Charles Marangu, Dan Kiambi, Caroline Calatayud, Geo Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, Thierry Robert, Christian Leclerc
Crop populations in smallholder farming systems are shaped by the interaction of biological, ecological, and social processes, occurring on different spatiotemporal scales. Understanding these dynamics is fundamental for the conservation of crop genetic resources. In this study, we investigated the processes involved in sorghum and pearl millet diversity dynamics on Mount Kenya. Surveys were conducted in ten sites distributed along two elevation transects and occupied by six ethnolinguistic groups. Varieties of both species grown in each site were inventoried and characterized using SSR markers...
December 2016: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876822/a-principal-component-meta-analysis-on-multiple-anthropometric-traits-identifies-novel-loci-for-body-shape
#11
Janina S Ried, Janina Jeff M, Audrey Y Chu, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Jenny van Dongen, Jennifer E Huffman, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Gemma Cadby, Niina Eklund, Joel Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Mary F Feitosa, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Caroline Hayward, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Anne U Jackson, Eero Jokinen, Stavroula Kanoni, Kati Kristiansson, Zoltán Kutalik, Jari Lahti, Jian'an Luan, Reedik Mägi, Anubha Mahajan, Massimo Mangino, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, Ilja M Nolte, Louis Pérusse, Inga Prokopenko, Lu Qi, Lynda M Rose, Erika Salvi, Megan T Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Alexander Teumer, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Pim van der Harst, Ryan W Walker, Sophie R Wang, Sarah H Wild, Sara M Willems, Andrew Wong, Weihua Zhang, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Stephan J L Bakker, Cristina Barlassina, Traci M Bartz, John Beilby, Claire Bellis, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Eric Boerwinkle, Lori L Bonnycastle, Stefan R Bornstein, Marcel Bruinenberg, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Charleston W K Chiang, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Fracensco Cucca, L Adrienne Cupples, Francesca D'Avila, Eco J C de Geus, George Dedoussis, Maria Dimitriou, Angela Döring, Johan G Eriksson, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Martin Farrall, Teresa Ferreira, Krista Fischer, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Anette Prior Gjesing, Nicola Glorioso, Mariaelisa Graff, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Jürgen Gräßler, Jagvir Grewal, Anders Hamsten, Marie Neergaard Harder, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew Tym Hattersley, Aki S Havulinna, Markku Heliövaara, Hans Hillege, Albert Hofman, Oddgeir Holmen, Georg Homuth, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennie Hui, Lise Lotte Husemoen, Pirro G Hysi, Aaron Isaacs, Till Ittermann, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Alan L James, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Antti Jula, Johanne Marie Justesen, Anne E Justice, Mika Kähönen, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Sirkka M Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Leena Kinnunen, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Ishminder K Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Peter Kovacs, Theodosios Kyriakou, Tomi Laitinen, Claudia Langenberg, Alexandra M Lewin, Peter Lichtner, Cecilia M Lindgren, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Roberto Lorbeer, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Paolo Manunta, Irene Mateo Leach, Wendy L McArdle, Barbara Mcknight, Karen L Mohlke, Evelin Mihailov, Lili Milani, Rebecca Mills, May E Montasser, Andrew P Morris, Gabriele Müller, Arthur W Musk, Narisu Narisu, Ken K Ong, Ben A Oostra, Clive Osmond, Aarno Palotie, James S Pankow, Lavinia Paternoster, Brenda W Penninx, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Nigel W Rayner, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Treva K Rice, Marcus Richards, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Kathy A Ryan, Serena Sanna, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Lorraine Southam, Thomas Hempel Sparsø, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Anke Tönjes, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Liesbeth Vandenput, Erkki Vartiainen, Cristina Venturini, Niek Verweij, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Gérard Waeber, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Thomas W Winkler, Alan F Wright, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Jing Hua Zhao, M Carola Zillikens, Dorret I Boomsma, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Daniele Cusi, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Torben Hansen, Andrew A Hicks, Frank Hu, Kristian Hveem, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Eero Kajantie, Jaspal S Kooner, Diana Kuh, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Andres Metspalu, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Lyle J Palmer, Oluf Pedersen, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Bruce M Psaty, Hannu Puolijoki, Rainer Rauramaa, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shudiner, Jan H Smit, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Timothy D Spector, Kari Stefansson, Michael Stumvoll, Angelo Tremblay, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Uwe Völker, Peter Vollenweider, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, James F Wilson, Eleftheria Zeggini, Goncalo R Abecasis, Michael Boehnke, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Cornelia M van Duijn, Caroline Fox, Leif C Groop, Iris M Heid, David J Hunter, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Kari E North, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, David P Strachan, Timothy Frayling, Joel N Hirschhorn, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ruth J F Loos
Large consortia have revealed hundreds of genetic loci associated with anthropometric traits, one trait at a time. We examined whether genetic variants affect body shape as a composite phenotype that is represented by a combination of anthropometric traits. We developed an approach that calculates averaged PCs (AvPCs) representing body shape derived from six anthropometric traits (body mass index, height, weight, waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio). The first four AvPCs explain >99% of the variability, are heritable, and associate with cardiometabolic outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876101/caring-for-people-with-dementia-in-hospital-findings-from-a-survey-to-identify-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-best-practice-dementia-care
#12
Joanne Tropea, Dina LoGiudice, Danny Liew, Carol Roberts, Caroline Brand
BACKGROUND: Best practice dementia care is not always provided in the hospital setting. Knowledge, attitudes and motivation, practitioner behavior, and external factors can influence uptake of best practice and quality care. The aim of this study was to determine hospital staff perceived barriers and enablers to implementing best practice dementia care. METHODS: A 17-item survey was administered at two Australian hospitals between July and September 2014. Multidisciplinary staff working in the emergency departments and general medical wards were invited to participate in the survey...
November 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871431/neuropsychological-impairment-in-prodromal-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Christoph Pausch, Robert Schomburg, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Frank Arne Wollenweber, Caroline Bayer, Klaus Fassbender, Stefanie Behnke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864013/factors-predictive-of-response-disease-progression-and-overall-survival-after-dabrafenib-and-trametinib-combination-treatment-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-randomised-trials
#14
Georgina V Long, Jean-Jacques Grob, Paul Nathan, Antoni Ribas, Caroline Robert, Dirk Schadendorf, Stephen R Lane, Carmen Mak, Philippe Legenne, Keith T Flaherty, Michael A Davies
BACKGROUND: Dabrafenib plus trametinib treatment provides significant benefits over BRAF-inhibitor monotherapy in patients with BRAF(V600E)-mutant or BRAF(V600K)-mutant advanced melanoma; however, in many patients the disease progresses, leading to death. With many treatment options available, understanding clinical factors that predict long-term response and survival for treatments is important for optimisation of patient management. We aimed to identify clinical factors associated with long-term response and survival using pooled data from randomised trials of dabrafenib plus trametinib in patients with metastatic BRAF-mutant melanoma...
November 15, 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863525/sexual-dysfunction-among-youth-an-overlooked-sexual-health-concern
#15
Caroline Moreau, Anna E Kågesten, Robert Wm Blum
BACKGROUND: There is growing recognition that youth sexual health entails a broad range of physical, emotional and psychosocial responses to sexual interactions, yet little is known about sexual dysfunctions and well being in youth populations. This study explored sexual dysfunctions among youth and its associations with other domains of sexual health. Sexual dysfunctions were defined as: problems related to orgasm, pain during intercourse, lack of sexual desire or sexual pleasure. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2010 French national sexual and reproductive health survey comprising a random sample of 2309 respondents aged 15-24 years...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863197/programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-and-response-to-the-anti-programmed-death-1-antibody-pembrolizumab-in-melanoma
#16
Adil I Daud, Jedd D Wolchok, Caroline Robert, Wen-Jen Hwu, Jeffrey S Weber, Antoni Ribas, F Stephen Hodi, Anthony M Joshua, Richard Kefford, Peter Hersey, Richard Joseph, Tara C Gangadhar, Roxana Dronca, Amita Patnaik, Hassane Zarour, Charlotte Roach, Grant Toland, Jared K Lunceford, Xiaoyun Nicole Li, Kenneth Emancipator, Marisa Dolled-Filhart, S Peter Kang, Scot Ebbinghaus, Omid Hamid
Purpose Expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a potential predictive marker for response and outcome after treatment with anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1). This study explored the relationship between anti-PD-1 activity and PD-L1 expression in patients with advanced melanoma who were treated with pembrolizumab in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 study (clinical trial information: NCT01295827). Patients and Methods Six hundred fifty-five patients received pembrolizumab10 mg/kg once every 2 weeks or once every 3 weeks, or 2 mg/kg once every 3 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862108/predictors-of-dropout-in-face-to-face-and-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hunna J Watson, Michele D Levine, Stephanie C Zerwas, Robert M Hamer, Ross D Crosby, Caroline S Sprecher, Amy O'Brien, Benjamin Zimmer, Sara M Hofmeier, Hans Kordy, Markus Moessner, Christine M Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors and moderators of failure to engage (i.e., pretreatment attrition) and dropout in both Internet-based and traditional face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bulimia nervosa. We also sought to determine if Internet-based treatment reduced failure to engage and dropout. METHOD: Participants (N = 191, 98% female) were randomized to Internet-based CBT (CBT4BN) or traditional face-to-face group CBT (CBTF2F). Sociodemographics, clinical history, eating disorder severity, comorbid psychopathology, health status and quality of life, personality and temperament, and treatment-related factors were investigated as predictors...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860150/a-functionally-conserved-zn2-cys6-binuclear-cluster-transcription-factor-class-regulates-necrotrophic-effector-gene-expression-and-host-specific-virulence-of-two-major-pleosporales-fungal-pathogens-of-wheat
#18
Kasia Rybak, Pao Theen See, Huyen T T Phan, Robert A Syme, Caroline S Moffat, Richard P Oliver, Kar-Chun Tan
The fungus Parastagonospora nodorum is the causal agent of septoria nodorum blotch of wheat (Triticum aestivum). The interaction is mediated by multiple fungal necrotrophic effector-dominant host sensitivity gene interactions. The three best characterised effector-sensitivity gene systems are SnToxA-Tsn1, SnTox1-Snn1 and SnTox3-Snn3. These effector genes are highly expressed during early infection but expression decreases as the infection progresses to tissue necrosis and sporulation. However, the mechanism of regulation is unknown...
November 18, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850298/659-impact-of-a-urine-culture-ordering-process-on-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-an-icu
#19
Katherine Shea, Athena Hobbs, Jonathan Hecht, Caroline Burger, Lynda Watkins, Mitchell Daley, Robert Huth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845838/neuroimaging-of-children-with-surgically-treated-hydrocephalus-a-practical-approach
#20
Caroline D Robson, Robert D MacDougall, Joseph R Madsen, Benjamin C Warf, Richard L Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Children with surgically treated hydrocephalus commonly undergo multiple neuroimaging studies. The purpose of this article is to share an experience with use of the as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) principle to guide the imaging approach to these patients. CONCLUSION: A reasonably achievable strategy for minimizing ionizing radiation in patients with surgically treated hydrocephalus includes rapid-sequence MRI and judicious use of dose-optimized head CT...
November 15, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
keyword
keyword
64214
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"