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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141707/importance-and-contribution-of-community-social-and-healthcare-risk-factors-for-hepatitis-c-infection-in-pakistan
#1
Adam Trickey, Margaret T May, Charlotte Davies, Huma Qureshi, Saeed Hamid, Hassan Mahmood, Quaid Saeed, Matthew Hickman, Nancy Glass, Francisco Averhoff, Peter Vickerman
Pakistan has a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, estimated at 4.9% (2,290/46,843) in the 2007 national HCV seroprevalence survey. We used data from this survey to assess the importance of risk factor associations with HCV prevalence in Pakistan. Exposures were grouped as community (going to the barbers, sharing smoking equipment, having an ear/nose piercing, tattoo, or acupuncture), healthcare (ever having hemodialysis, blood transfusion, or ≥ 5 injections in the last year), demographic (marital status and age), and socio-economic (illiterate or laborer)...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077767/expectancy-after-the-first-treatment-and-response-to-acupuncture-for-menopausal-hot-flashes
#2
Carolyn C Ee, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Marie V Pirotta, Simon D French, Charlie C Xue, Helena J Teede
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the impact of expectancy on acupuncture treatment response is conflicting. OBJECTIVES: This secondary analysis of a randomized sham-controlled trial on acupuncture for menopausal hot flashes investigated whether treatment expectancy score was associated with hot flash score at end-of-treatment. Secondary analyses investigated whether there were associations between other pre-specified factors and hot flash score. STUDY DESIGN: Women experiencing moderately-severe hot flashes were randomized to receive 10 sessions of real or sham acupuncture over eight weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759184/is-non-pharmacological-treatment-an-effective-option-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Vladimír Balogh
OBJECTIVE: Despite of pain being important warning signal for body ability to respond to internal or external threats, chronic pain is perceived as a discomfort by patients, leading to somatic, emotional and social negative changes. Lifestyle, wrong seating habits and some occupations may contribute to chronic back pain. Therapy for chronic back pain should include not only pharmacological or invasive interventions, but mostly change of lifestyle, physiotherapy and non-pharmacological methods...
July 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623848/very-brief-physician-advice-and-supplemental-proactive-telephone-calls-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-in-chinese-male-smokers-with-no-intention-to-quit-a-randomized-trial
#4
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Di Zhang, Hui Tian, Fang Zuo, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is inconsistent evidence that behavioural support to promote smoking reduction is effective at increasing smoking cessation. We examined the effectiveness of brief physician advice together with four very brief telephone calls in promoting smoking cessation among Chinese men via reduction compared with equivalent advice on diet and exercise. DESIGN: A two-group pragmatic randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Male patients attending the Endocrinology and Acupuncture out-patient clinics of a general hospital in Beijing, China...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576892/study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-clinical-effectiveness-on-smoking-cessation-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-interventions-including-acupuncture-and-aromatherapy-in-combination-with-nicotine-replacement-therapy
#5
Soobin Jang, Sunju Park, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Chung-Sik Cho, Ho-Yeon Go, Yong Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine dependence is a disease, and tobacco use is related to 6 million deaths annually worldwide. Recently, in many countries, there has been growing interest in the use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) methods, especially acupuncture, as therapeutic interventions for smoking cessation. The aim of this pilot study is to investigate the effectiveness of T&CM interventions on smoking cessation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The STOP (Stop Tobacco Programme using traditional Korean medicine) study is designed to be a pragmatic, open-label, randomised pilot trial...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483188/agnihotra-yajna-a-prototype-of-south-asian-traditional-medical-knowledge
#6
Rahul Raveendran Nair
This study conceptualizes the principle of agnihotra yajna. The perusal of ancient and modern literature reveals that the functioning of the human body is impossible without maintaining an energetic continuum driven by sunlight. The seven major chakras existing over the spinal cord help to maintain this energetic continuum. Agnihotra yajna is proposed to balance the chakra system as a whole by minimizing entropy. Offerings of natural elements to fire lit in a copper pyramid during agnihotra liberate various volatile compounds having potent pharmacological actions...
April 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403461/toward-enhancing-treatment-for-pregnant-smokers-laying-the-groundwork-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-approaches
#7
Amy M Loree, Steven J Ondersma, Emily R Grekin
Introduction: Although effective treatments exist, most women who smoke during pregnancy neither seek nor receive treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments (eg, mindfulness, yoga, and acupuncture) may be attractive, low-cost options that can be used to assist a large proportion of pregnant women with smoking cessation. Methods: This study examined participant characteristics and treatment utilization among pregnant smokers in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in order to explore the prevalence and predictors of CAM use for any purpose within this population...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123417/effects-of-professional-rehabilitation-training-on-the-recovery-of-neurological-function-in-young-stroke-patients
#8
Chao-Jin-Zi Li, Xiao-Xia Du, Kun Yang, Lu-Ping Song, Peng-Kun Li, Qiang Wang, Rong Sun, Xiao-Ling Lin, Hong-Yu Lu, Tong Zhang
Young stroke patients have a strong desire to return to the society, but few studies have been conducted on their rehabilitation training items, intensity, and prognosis. We analyzed clinical data of young and middle-aged/older stroke patients hospitalized in the Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Capital Medical University, China from February 2014 to May 2015. Results demonstrated that hemorrhagic stroke (59.6%) was the primary stroke type found in the young group, while ischemic stroke (60...
November 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003848/acupuncture-for-smoking-cessation-in-hong-kong-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study
#9
Ying-Ying Wang, Zhao Liu, Yuan Wu, Ou Zhang, Min Chen, Ling-Ling Huang, Xiu-Qing He, Guan-Yi Wu, Jin-Sheng Yang
This was a prospective multicenter observational study, aiming to explore the effects of acupuncture on smoking cessation in Hong Kong. From March of 2010 to August of 2015, a total of 5202 smokers were recruited based on inclusion criteria and treated with acupuncture for 8 weeks. As a result, 2940 subjects finished the study with a drop-out rate of 43.48%. The self-reported 7-day point abstinence rate was 34.00% in Week 8 and 18.40% in Week 52. The exhaled carbon monoxide level and the number of cigarettes smoked per day were reduced significantly after treatment...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#10
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563285/experiences-of-copd-patients-with-existing-smoking-cessation-programs-and-their-preferences-for-improvement-a-qualitative-analysis
#11
I Aumann, L Tedja, J M Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). For current smokers who are diagnosed with COPD, their first treatment option is to stop smoking. Motivation is necessary for long-term smoking cessation; therefore, when designing smoking cessation programs, the patients' needs and preferences should be considered. We focused on COPD patients' experiences with existing smoking cessation programs and evaluated their preferences for the improvement of these programs...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323445/-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials-for-acupuncture-treatment-of-abdominal-obesity
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Cui-mei Liang, Hui Hu, Chao-xin Wang, Song-ge Sun, Wen-jin Yang, Liang Pan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of acupuncture intervention in reducing visceral fat content and secretary function in abdominal obesity patients. METHODS: A total of 73 cases of abdominal obesity patients were randomly divided into acupuncture group (n = 50) and control group (n = 23) according to the randomized block design. For patients of the acupuncture group, Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Daheng (SP 15), Daimai (GB 26), Shuidao (ST 28), Waiguan (SJ 5) and Zulinqi (GB 41) were punctured with filiform needles, followed by electroacupuncture stimulation (2 Hz/100 Hz, 4-8 mA) of bilateral ST 25 and GB 26 for 20 min, once every other day for 8 weeks...
April 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179524/effect-of-maternal-electroacupuncture-on-perinatal-nicotine-exposure-induced-lung-phenotype-in-offspring
#13
Bo Ji, Guo-Zhen Zhao, Reiko Sakurai, Yu Cao, Zi-Jian Zhang, Dan Wang, Ming-Na Yan, Virender K Rehan
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women exposed to tobacco smoke predispose the offspring to many adverse consequences including an altered lung development and function. There is no effective therapeutic intervention to block the effects of smoke exposure on the developing lung. Clinical and animal studies demonstrate that acupuncture can modulate a variety of pathophysiological processes, including those involving the respiratory system; however, whether acupuncture affects the lung damage caused by perinatal smoke exposure is not known...
August 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983055/traditional-thermal-therapy-with-indirect-moxibustion-decreases-renal-arterial-resistive-index-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jun Matsumoto-Miyazaki, Nagisa Miyazaki, Ichijiro Murata, Gakuro Yoshida, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Shinji Ogura, Shinya Minatoguchi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effects of traditional local thermal therapy with indirect moxibustion on renal hemodynamics in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) by using Doppler ultrasonography (US). DESIGN: Examiner-blinded crossover study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three participants with CKD (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 44 ± 15 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate, 69.5 ± 25.5 mL/min per 1.73 m(2); 20 men and 23 women)...
April 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952957/male-infertility-lifestyle-factors-and-holistic-complementary-and-alternative-therapies
#15
REVIEW
David F Yao, Jesse N Mills
While we may be comfortable with an allopathic approach to male infertility, we are also responsible for knowledge about lifestyle modifications and holistic, complementary, and alternative therapies that are used by many of our patients. This paper provides an evidence-based review separating fact from fiction for several of these therapies. There is sufficient literature to support weight reduction by diet and exercise, smoking cessation, and alcohol moderation. Supplements that have demonstrated positive effects on male fertility on small randomized controlled trial (RCT) include aescin, coenzyme Q 10 , glutathione, Korean red ginseng, L-carnitine, nigella sativa, omega-3, selenium, a combination of zinc and folate, and the Menevit antioxidant...
May 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571912/-condition-and-effectiveness-evaluation-of-acupuncture-for-smoking-cessation
#16
Zhao Liu, Yingying Wang, Yuan Wu, Jinsheng Yang
The efectienes of acpuncture for smoking cessation was systematically evaluated in this paper. By using computer retrieval in Chinese national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), WANFANG database, VIP database, PubMed, ScienceDirect and Springer, the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding acupuncture for smoking cessation from January of 1983 to December of 2013 were collected; by using Table of Standardized Report Factors for Acupuncture RCTs, each inclusive RCT was evaluated; and by using RevMan 5. 2 software, the Meta-analysis was performed...
August 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26447441/infantile-colic-recognition-and-treatment
#17
Jeremy D Johnson, Katherine Cocker, Elisabeth Chang
Infantile colic is a benign process in which an infant has paroxysms of inconsolable crying for more than three hours per day, more than three days per week, for longer than three weeks. It affects approximately 10% to 40% of infants worldwide and peaks at around six weeks of age, with symptoms resolving by three to six months of age. The incidence is equal between sexes, and there is no correlation with type of feeding (breast vs. bottle), gestational age, or socioeconomic status. The cause of infantile colic is not known; proposed causes include alterations in fecal microflora, intolerance to cow's milk protein or lactose, gastrointestinal immaturity or inflammation, increased serotonin secretion, poor feeding technique, and maternal smoking or nicotine replacement therapy...
October 1, 2015: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347786/predictors-for-smoking-cessation-with-acupuncture-in-a-hong-kong-population
#18
Zhao Liu, Jin-Sheng Yang, Yuan Wu, Ou Zhang, Min Chen, Ling-Ling Huang, Xiu-Qing He, Guan-Yi Wu, Ying-Ying Wang
Background. Observational studies of smoking cessation with acupuncture have been reported widely; however, few researchers have focused on its predictors. Objective. This paper attempts to explore the predictors for smoking cessation with acupuncture in a Hong Kong population, aiming to provide references for clinical treatment in the future. Methods. We performed a secondary analysis of data from our observational study "Acupuncture for Smoking Cessation (2011-2014)" in Hong Kong. A total of 23 indexes were selected as possible predictors, and study participants with complete information of 23 indexes were included...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345700/long-term-effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-airway-smooth-muscle-in-a-rat-model-of-smoke-induced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Jia Li, Song Wu, Hongtu Tang, Wei Huang, Lushan Wang, Huanjiao Zhou, Miao Zhou, Hua Wang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. It is a chronic inflammatory process characterised by airway obstruction and progressive lung inflammation, associated with difficulty breathing and insensitivity to corticosteroid therapy. Although there is some preliminary evidence to suggest a beneficial effect of acupuncture on COPD, its mechanism of action has not been investigated. Our aim was to examine the anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture in a rat model of COPD induced by exposure to cigarette smoke (CS)...
April 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26182598/acupuncture-and-related-interventions-for-smoking
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2015: Nursing Times
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