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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938769/recent-advances-in-avian-egg-science-a-review
#1
Philippe B Wilson
Eggs and egg products form an integral part of the food chain. As such, research into egg structure, function, and production has made an important contribution to the field of poultry science. The past decade has seen significant advances in avian egg science research, with work supplementing our understanding of the nature of the avian egg, and its biological, chemical, and physical properties. Eggshell color, strength, and chemical composition, poultry nutrition, and genetics have all been intensively studied recently, with significant progress being made in a number of these areas...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936120/knowledge-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-osteoporosis-among-female-medical-school-entrants-in-pakistan
#2
Muhammad Bilal, Abdul Haseeb, Aleena Zehra Merchant, Abdur Rehman, Mohammad Hussham Arshad, Maarij Malik, Asad Hammad Ur Rehman, Pallavi Rani, Emaan Farhan, Taha S Rehman, Umer Sultan Shamsi, Sadia Aminah
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a growing health problem around the world. The increasing incidence of osteoporotic fractures coupled with the lack of knowledge about the disease in the general community means that the disease is continuously increasing the burden on health sector and the general population. The purpose of the study is to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices about osteoporosis among female medical school entrants in Karachi. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted amongst 400 female medical school entrants of DOW University of Health Sciences (DUHS) and Jinnah Sindh Medical University (JSMU)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933356/the-association-between-dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-ocular-disease
#3
Andrea Braakhuis, Ryan Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi
To assess the association between dietary antioxidant intake and the incidence of the three major oxidative stress-related eye diseases, cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration, 78 cases from the University of Auckland Optometry and Vision Science clinic and 149 controls were recruited. Participants completed an antioxidant food-frequency questionnaire, analysed through multiple logistic regression. Protective associations were identified with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables (OR = 0...
January 30, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930298/comparison-of-questionnaire-based-estimation-of-pesticide-residue-intake-from-fruits-and-vegetables-with-urinary-concentrations-of-pesticide-biomarkers
#4
Yu-Han Chiu, Paige L Williams, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Matthew Gillman, Qi Sun, Maria Ospina, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro
We developed a pesticide residue burden score (PRBS) based on a food frequency questionnaire and surveillance data on food pesticide residues to characterize dietary exposure over the past year. In the present study, we evaluated the association of the PRBS with urinary concentrations of pesticide biomarkers. Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was classified as having high (PRBS≥4) or low (PRBS<4) pesticide residues for 90 men from the EARTH study. Two urine samples per man were analyzed for seven biomarkers of organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides, and the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925892/natural-active-compounds-from-plant-food-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#5
Qian Liu, Lixin Zhu, Chen Cheng, Yiyang Hu, Qin Feng
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become more prevalent worldwide. It is often associated with some metabolic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. With increasing focus on the treatment of fatty liver, much attention has been paid to numerous medicinal herbs and dietary substances to provide a new strategy for NAFLD treatment. The natural active compounds from the herbs or diet have been studied as promising treatments for NAFLD. This study aimed to summarize the use and mechanism of action of natural active compounds in the treatment of NAFLD in the recent 10 years...
September 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922704/direct-acting-antivirals-for-chronic-hepatitis-c
#6
REVIEW
Janus C Jakobsen, Emil Eik Nielsen, Joshua Feinberg, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Kristina Fobian, Goran Hauser, Goran Poropat, Snezana Djurisic, Karl Heinz Weiss, Milica Bjelakovic, Goran Bjelakovic, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jian Ping Liu, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Ronald L Koretz, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: Millions of people worldwide suffer from hepatitis C, which can lead to severe liver disease, liver cancer, and death. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), e.g. sofosbuvir, are relatively new and expensive interventions for chronic hepatitis C, and preliminary results suggest that DAAs may eradicate hepatitis C virus (HCV) from the blood (sustained virological response). Sustained virological response (SVR) is used by investigators and regulatory agencies as a surrogate outcome for morbidity and mortality, based solely on observational evidence...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916578/nutritional-sustainability-aligning-priorities-in-nutrition-and-public-health-with-agricultural-production
#7
REVIEW
John W Finley, Dennis Dimick, Elizabeth Marshall, Gerald Charles Nelson, Jonathan R Mein, David I Gustafson
Nutrition science-based dietary advice urges changes that may have a great impact on agricultural systems. For example, the 2016 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommends greatly increased fruit and vegetable consumption, but the present domestic production is insufficient to accommodate large-scale adoption of these guidelines. Increasing production to the extent needed to meet the DGA will necessitate changes in an already stressed agriculture and food system and will require nutrition and agriculture professionals to come together in open and collegial discourse...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913797/agribusiness-perspectives-on-transgenic-wheat
#8
Bill Malcolm
Declining yields of the major human food crops, looming growth in global population and rise of populism, and ill-founded bans on agricultural and horticultural crops and foodstuffs which are genetically modified have potentially serious implications. It makes the chance less than otherwise would be the case that agribusiness value chains in the future will meet the growing demand around the world for more and different foods from more and wealthier people. In the agribusiness value chain, transgenic wheat, meeting a consumer "trigger need" also must meet the "experience" and "credence," risk-related criteria of well-informed consumers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911665/nanostructures-current-uses-and-future-applications-in-food-science
#9
REVIEW
Kavitha Pathakoti, Manjunath Manubolu, Huey-Min Hwang
Recent developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology intend novel and innovative applications in the food sector, which is rather recent compared with their use in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Nanostructured materials are having applications in various sectors of the food science comprising nanosensors, new packaging materials, and encapsulated food components. Nanostructured systems in food include polymeric nanoparticles, liposomes, nanoemulsions, and microemulsions. These materials enhance solubility, improve bioavailability, facilitate controlled release, and protect bioactive components during manufacture and storage...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911604/nanotechnology-in-food-science-functionality-applicability-and-safety-assessment
#10
REVIEW
Xiaojia He, Huey-Min Hwang
Rapid development of nanotechnology is expected to transform many areas of food science and food industry with increasing investment and market share. In this article, current applications of nanotechnology in food systems are briefly reviewed. Functionality and applicability of food-related nanotechnology are highlighted in order to provide a comprehensive view on the development and safety assessment of nanotechnology in the food industry. While food nanotechnology offers great potential benefits, there are emerging concerns arising from its novel physicochemical properties...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910256/an-introduction-to-the-healthy-corner-store-intervention-model-in-canada
#11
Catherine L Mah, Leia M Minaker, Kristie Jameson, Lissie Rappaport, Krystal Taylor, Marketa Graham, Natalie Moody, Brian Cook
SETTING: The majority of Canadians' food acquisition occurs in retail stores. Retail science has become increasingly sophisticated in demonstrating how consumer environments influence population-level diet quality and health status. The retail food environment literature is new but growing rapidly in Canada, and there is a relative paucity of evidence from intervention research implemented in Canada. INTERVENTION: The healthy corner store model is a comprehensive complex population health intervention in small retail stores, intended to transform an existing business model to a health-promoting one through intersectoral collaboration...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904851/body-related-perspectives-and-weight-control-methods-of-korean-chinese-nursing-school-students-in-yanbian-china-a-pilot-study
#12
Jounghee Lee, Meixiang Jin, Heejung Son, Wenying Cui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying the current nutrition knowledge, body-related perspectives, and weight control behaviors of Korean-Chinese college students. METHODS: We conducted a pilot study by employing a healthy weight education program targeting Korean-Chinese nursing school students at the Yanbian University of Science and Technology in Yanbian, China. RESULTS: This pilot study included 40 participants (38 women and 2 men; mean age, 20...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903785/food-insecurity-and-emotional-health-in-the-usa-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-longitudinal-research
#13
Meg Bruening, Lauren M Dinour, Jose B Rosales Chavez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the causal directionality in the relationship between food insecurity and emotional well-being among US-based populations. DESIGN: Systematic literature review from January 2006 to July 2016 using MEDLINE (PubMed), PsychInfo, Web of Science and CINHAL. Inclusion criteria were: written in English; examined a longitudinal association between food insecurity and emotional well-being. SETTING: The USA. SUBJECTS: Children and adults...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900350/influence-of-physical-activity-and-interest-for-food-and-sciences-versus-weight-disorders-in-children-aged-8-to-18-years
#14
REVIEW
A Faik, E Vanderhulst, I Rossem, D Devroey
INTRODUCTION: Being overweight and obesity are a growing problem and are often related to a lack of physical activity among younger people. This study aims to describe the prevalence of weight disorders in Belgian schoolchildren. Secondly, this study examines the association between physical activity, weight disorders and the interest in food and sciences. METHODS: We examined 525 children aged between 8 and 18 years old, who attended the Brussels Food Fair or the Belgian Science Day in 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895921/food-and-beverage-marketing-in-schools-a-review-of-the-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Cayley E Velazquez, Jennifer L Black, Monique Potvin Kent
Despite growing interest from government agencies, non-governmental organizations and school boards in restricting or regulating unhealthy food and beverage marketing to children, limited research has examined the emerging knowledge base regarding school-based food and beverage marketing in high-income countries. This review examined current approaches for measuring school food and beverage marketing practices, and evidence regarding the extent of exposure and hypothesized associations with children's diet-related outcomes...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895637/eating-frequency-and-carbohydrate-intake-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-differ-from-those-in-their-peers-and-are-associated-with-glycemic-control
#16
Christina Baechle, Annika Hoyer, Katty Castillo-Reinado, Anna Stahl-Pehe, Oliver Kuss, Reinhard W Holl, Mathilde Kersting, Joachim Rosenbauer
Aim The diet of people with type 1 diabetes may differ from that of healthy peers due to disease-related factors that may affect the course of diabetes. This cross-sectional study sought to compare meal and snacking frequency and corresponding carbohydrate intake among adolescents with intensively-treated type 1 diabetes and healthy peers and to analyze their association with glycemic control among diabetes patients. Methods Nutritional data of 712 11- to <19-year-olds from a nationwide population-based survey on early-onset type 1 diabetes (52...
September 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895391/potential-opportunities-and-challenges-for-research-collaboration-with-latin-america-in-agriculture-and-food-science
#17
Patricia Esquivel, Alvaro Orjuela, Marcelo Paes Barros, Coralia Osorio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895229/crisis-and-change-the-making-of-a-french-fda
#18
Constance A Nathanson, Henri Bergeron
Policy Points: Introducing a recent special issue of The Lancet on the health system in France, Horton and Ceschia observe that "the dominance of English as the language of science and, increasingly, global health too often closes the door on the history and experiences of others."(1) In that spirit, this manuscript presents a detailed case study of public health policy transformation in France in the early 1990s. It casts light on processes of policy change in a political and cultural environment very different from that of the United States, showing how the public health policy process is shaped by multiple contingencies of history, ideology, and politics...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894537/lifestyles-in-suburban-populations-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Nasibeh Sharifi, Amir Kasaeian
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle and suburban population are important issues in the field of health. The living conditions of informal settlements can lead to acquisition of an unhealthy lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: This study has been designed to investigate the articles that have been published regarding lifestyle in suburban populations. METHODS: The present research was a systematic review of studies in databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, SID, Irandoc, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct and Scopus, in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886176/material-wealth-in-3d-mapping-multiple-paths-to-prosperity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Daniel J Hruschka, Craig Hadley, Joseph Hackman
Material wealth is a key factor shaping human development and well-being. Every year, hundreds of studies in social science and policy fields assess material wealth in low- and middle-income countries assuming that there is a single dimension by which households can move from poverty to prosperity. However, a one-dimensional model may miss important kinds of prosperity, particularly in countries where traditional subsistence-based livelihoods coexist with modern cash economies. Using multiple correspondence analysis to analyze representative household data from six countries-Nepal, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Guatemala-across three world regions, we identify a number of independent dimension of wealth, each with a clear link to locally relevant pathways to success in cash and agricultural economies...
2017: PloS One
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