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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786587/legal-protection-of-public-health-through-control-over-genetically-modified-food
#1
Nataliya Gutorova, Olena Batyhina, Maryna Trotska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Science is constantly being developed which leads to both positive and negative changes in public health and the environment. One of the results of scientific progress is introduction of food based on genetically modified organisms whose effects on human health, to date, remain scantily studied and are ambiguous. The aim: to determine how human health can be influenced by food production based on genetically modified organisms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: international acts, data of international organizations and conclusions of scientists have been examined and used in the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784433/fda-and-nist-collaboration-on-standards-development-activities-supporting-innovation-and-translation-of-regenerative-medicine-products
#2
Judith A Arcidiacono, Steven R Bauer, David S Kaplan, Clare M Allocca, Sumona Sarkar, Sheng Lin-Gibson
The development of standards for the field of regenerative medicine has been noted as a high priority by several road-mapping activities. Additionally, the U.S. Congress recognizes the importance of standards in the 21st Century Cure Act. Standards will help to accelerate and streamline cell and gene therapy product development, ensure the quality and consistency of processes and products, and facilitate their regulatory approval. Although there is general agreement for the need of additional standards for regenerative medicine products, a shared understanding of standards is required for real progress toward the development of standards to advance regenerative medicine...
May 18, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783972/major-dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-menstrual-pain-a-nested-case-control-study
#3
Nastaran Najafi, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Rasoul Zarrin
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, experienced by approximately two third of young women during menstruation. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea. This study aims to investigate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of dysmenorrhea among university students. METHODS: A nested case control study was conducted among 293 students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences who were randomly recruited via a proportional cluster sampling method...
May 21, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#4
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776710/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-computer-decision-support-technologies-and-antimicrobial-stewardship-the-compass-and-rudder
#5
REVIEW
Robert C Owens, Catharine C Bulik, David R Andes
The first guidelines for conducting antimicrobial stewardship in the hospitalized setting were published in 2007. These guidelines recommend that stewardship programs employ the science of pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) as well as adopting computerized decision support technologies when possible. The United States Food and Drug Administration have adopted PK-PD as a cornerstone in the evaluation of antimicrobial agents during clinical development. The core principles of PK-PD center around describing the relationship between drug exposure indexed to the susceptibility of the infecting bacterial pathogen and patient response...
April 13, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773586/seafood-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#6
REVIEW
Eric B Rimm, Lawrence J Appel, Stephanie E Chiuve, Luc Djoussé, Mary B Engler, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Dariush Mozaffarian, David S Siscovick, Alice H Lichtenstein
Since the 2002 American Heart Association scientific statement "Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease," evidence from observational and experimental studies and from randomized controlled trials continues to emerge to further substantiate the beneficial effects of seafood long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. A recent American Heart Association science advisory addressed the specific effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on clinical cardiovascular events...
May 17, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773054/editorial-crystallization-for-pharmaceutical-and-food-science
#7
EDITORIAL
Hongxun Hao, Jian Zhong, Qiuxiang Yin, Xichang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770427/near-infrared-laser-mediated-modulation-of-ice-crystallization-by-two-dimensional-nanosheets-enables-high-survival-recovery-of-biological-cells-from-cryogenic-temperatures
#8
Fazil Panhwar, Zhongrong Chen, S M Chapal Hossain, Meng Wang, Zeeshan Haider, Kashan Memon, Pengpeng Chen, Gang Zhao
Two-dimensional (2D) graphene oxide (GO) and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets (NSs) have been widely used as photothermal agents and as potential carriers of antitumor drugs. Their spatial thermal effects have been extensively explored for use at physiological and hyperthermic temperatures (37 to 46 °C). Furthermore, the modulation of the spatial thermal distributions with these NSs may have even more profound applications in the microstructural control of biomaterials at cryogenic temperatures (-196 to 37 °C)...
May 17, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765583/effect-of-diet-on-blood-viscosity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Hamideh Naghedi-Baghdar, Seyed-Mohammad Nazari, Ali Taghipour, Mohsen Nematy, Sadegh Shokri, Mohammad-Reza Mehri, Tahereh Molkara, Roghayeh Javan
Background: Increased whole blood viscosity is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality of several life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. The effect of diet on human health has been indicated in many studies, and a health dietary pattern can reduce the incidence of several chronic diseases. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of diet on blood viscosity and related parameters such as haematocrit (HCT)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#10
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763344/from-the-valley-of-death-to-the-crossroads-of-opportunity-a-discussion-of-evolving-benefit-risk-evaluation-standards
#11
Peter J Pitts, Patrick Brady
A series of recent US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals (such as Sarepta's Exondys 51, Merck's Keytruda, and Portola's Bevyxxa) has generated significant interest within the drug development ecosystem. Facilitated regulatory pathways aimed toward expediting medicines to patients suffering from serious and life-threatening conditions are a good thing, even if it raises curiosity and introduces some degree of uncertainty. Over the last 20 years, two key words in drug development have been speed and innovation...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763295/supraparticles-functionality-from-uniform-structural-motifs
#12
Susanne Wintzheimer, Tim Granath, Maximilian Oppmann, Thomas Kister, Thibaut Thai, Tobias Kraus, Nicolas Vogel, Karl Mandel
Under the right process conditions, nanoparticles can cluster together to form defined particular structures, which can be termed supraparticles. Controlling the size, shape, and morphology of such entities is a central step in various fields of science and technology, ranging from colloid chemistry and soft matter physics to powder technology and pharmaceutical and food sciences. These diverse scientific communities have been investigating formation processes and structure/property relations of such supraparticles under completely different boundary conditions...
May 15, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759615/enhancing-response-in-the-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-patient-the-3b-perspective-bench-bits-and-bedside
#13
REVIEW
Angelo Auricchio, Frits W Prinzen
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an established nonpharmacological treatment for patients with heart failure (HF), reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, and a wide QRS complex. Although the therapy was developed 30 years ago and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2001, attempts to improve it have never stopped. Such improvements have been facilitated by combining knowledge from bench (basic science), bits (computer modeling), and bedside (clinical studies); these issues are addressed in the present review...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752610/acupuncture-and-the-opioid-epidemic-in-america
#14
Chang-Zhen Gong, Wei Liu
The opioid epidemic has become a signifificant public health crisis in the United States of America. This crisis has elicited a response at high levels of governmental and health care organizations including the American College of Physicians, the Food and Drug Administration, the Joint Commission, the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, the National Association of Attorneys General, and the White House. In various ways, these organizations have recognized that acupuncture can play an important role in dealing with the opioid epidemic...
May 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751304/heavy-metal-loss-from-agricultural-watershed-to-aquatic-system-a-scientometrics-review
#15
REVIEW
Wei Ouyang, Yidi Wang, Chunye Lin, Mengchang He, Fanghua Hao, Hongbin Liu, Weihong Zhu
Heavy metal pollution in soil and aquatic environments has attracted widespread attention due to its persistence, accumulation in the food chain and negative effects on ecological and human health. However, analyses of the watershed-scale migration mechanisms of heavy metal loss from agricultural systems to aquatic systems have seldom been studied systematically. Therefore, this review summarizes the available data in the literature (2003-2017) using CiteSpace software to provide insights into the specific characteristics of heavy metal loss from agricultural watersheds to aquatic systems and consequently shows global development trends that scientists can use for establishing future research directions...
May 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750850/lipase-catalysed-synthesis-of-furan-based-oligoesters-and-their-self-assembly-assisted-polymerization
#16
Nagarajan Subbiah, Muthusamy K, Lalitha Krishnamoorthy, Siva Prasad Yadavali, Thamizhanban Ayyapillai, Sridharan Vellaisamy, Maheswari C Uma
Bio-based polyesters are well-known biodegradable materials that are frequently used in our daily life, which include food industries and biomedical fields. The journey towards the development of sustainable polymer materials and technology postulate the replacement of traditionally using petrochemical-based monomers, transition metal catalyst, and more intensive purification techniques, which do not agree with the green chemistry principles. This contribution investigates the synthesis of bio-based hydrophilic and hydrophobic oligoesters, which in turn derived from easily accessible monomers of natural resources...
May 11, 2018: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750201/3d-printing-of-a-wearable-personalized-oral-delivery-device-a-first-in-human-study
#17
Kun Liang, Simone Carmone, Davide Brambilla, Jean-Christophe Leroux
Despite the burgeoning interest in three-dimensional (3D) printing for the manufacture of customizable oral dosage formulations, a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved tablet notwithstanding, the full potential of 3D printing in pharmaceutical sciences has not been realized. In particular, 3D-printed drug-eluting devices offer the possibility for personalization in terms of shape, size, and architecture, but their clinical applications have remained relatively unexplored. We used 3D printing to manufacture a tailored oral drug delivery device with customizable design and tunable release rates in the form of a mouthguard and, subsequently, evaluated the performance of this system in the native setting in a first-in-human study...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745213/-bacterial-quorum-sensing-cooperation-and-cheating
#18
Bai Min Lai, Mei Zhen Wang, Dong Sheng Shen
Quorum sensing (QS), a cell-to-cell communication, regulates a variety of social beha-viors, such as biofilm formation, public goods produce and gene horizontal transfer of bacteria. In the process of quorum sensing, public goods could be utilized by any members in the population, which was termed as cooperation. Notably, public goods also could be shared by the individuals who could not produce them, which was termed as cheating. Once cheaters come up, they possibly maintain equilibrium with cooperators, meanwhile they also possibly induce the collapse of population due to their rapid growth and shortage of public goods...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744651/characterization-of-recombinant-dihydrodipicolinate-synthase-from-the-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum
#19
Ruchi Gupta, Campbell J Hogan, Matthew A Perugini, Tatiana P Soares da Costa
Recombinant wheat DHDPS was produced for the first time in milligram quantities and shown to be an enzymatically active tetramer in solution using analytical ultracentrifugation and small angle X-ray scattering. Wheat is an important cereal crop with an extensive role in global food supply. Given our rapidly growing population, strategies to increase the nutritional value and production of bread wheat are of major significance in agricultural science to satisfy our dietary requirements. Lysine is one of the most limiting essential amino acids in wheat, thus, a thorough understanding of lysine biosynthesis is of upmost importance to improve its nutritional value...
May 9, 2018: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735953/teens-implementing-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-in-the-community-feasibility-and-perceptions-of-a-partnership-with-hsta-and-icook-4-h
#20
Rebecca L Hagedorn, Jade A White, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Sarah E Colby, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White, Melissa D Olfert
High school student researchers and teen leaders from the Health Science Technology Academy (HSTA), under the supervision of HSTA teachers, led a childhood obesity prevention (COP) program (iCook 4-H). The objective was to evaluate the feasibility and perceptions of having teen leaders implement a COP program for dyads of youth (9⁻10 years old) and their primary adult food preparer. Behavior change and perceptions were assessed through surveys and open-ended interviews. Across eight HSTA organizations, 43 teen leaders participated in teaching the iCook 4-H program to 24 dyads...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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