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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652715/association-of-arteriosclerosis-and-or-atherosclerosis-with-hypertensive-target-organ-damage-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-chinese-the-northern-shanghai-study
#1
Ximin Fan, Mengyun Zhu, Chen Chi, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Yuyan Lu, Bin Bai, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Vascular abnormality includes two forms, arteriosclerosis (ARS) and atherosclerosis (ATS), which coexist in patients with cardiovascular (CV) diseases. However, whether their combination may lead to a worsening status in those patients remains unclear. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of ARS and/or ATS with hypertensive target organ damage (TOD). METHODS: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1,599 community-dwelling elderly subjects (aged >65 years) from northern Shanghai were recruited...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592041/-the-effects-of-different-tidal-volume-ventilation-on-right-ventricular-function-in-critical-respiratory-failure-patients
#2
L X Liu, J Q Wu, Q Y Wu, Q Zhang, B Yu, S M Ge, Y Huo, X T Wang, Y G Chao, Z J Hu
Objective: To observe and explore the effects of different tidal volume (VT) ventilation on right ventricular (RV) function in patients with critical respiratory failure. Methods: Consecutive respiratory failure patients who were treated with invasive ventilator over 24 h in the Department of Critical Care Medicine at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from June to December in 2015 were enrolled in this study.Clinical data including patients' vital signs, ventilator parameters and RV echocardiography were collected within 6 h (D0), day1(D1), day2 (D2) and day3 (D3) after ventilation started...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552430/pulmonary-hypertension-with-left-heart-disease-prevalence-temporal-shifts-in-etiologies-and-outcome
#3
Tatyana Weitsman, Giora Weisz, Rivka Farkash, Marc Klutstein, Adi Butnaru, David Rosenmann, Tal Hasin
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension has many causes. While It's conventionally thought that the most prevalent is left heart disease, little information about it's proportion, causes and implications on outcome is available. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1993-2015, 12,115 of 66,949 (18%) first adult transthoracic echocardiograms were found to have tricuspid incompetence gradient≥40mmHg, a pulmonary hypertension surrogate. Left heart disease was identified in 8306 (69%) and included valve malfunction in 4115 (49%), left ventricular systolic dysfunction in 2557 (31%), and diastolic dysfunction in 1776 (21%)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528875/comparison-of-central-and-peripheral-hemodynamics-in-association-with-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-community-based-elderly-chinese
#4
Jing Xiong, Xuejing Yu, Shikai Yu, Bin Bai, Henry Xu, Hongwei Ji, Jiadela Teliewubai, Kai Wang, Chen Chi, Yuyan Lu, Yiwu Zhou, Ximin Fan, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with central and peripheral hemodynamics. A total of 1599 community-based senior residents (aged ≥ 65 years) in northern Shanghai, China, were recruited as of August 2015. Echocardiography was performed for each participant using the MyLab30 Gold CV system. According to the recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography, the ratio of E (peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity) to E' (early diastolic lateral mitral annulus velocity) was assessed for the evaluation of LVDD...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387802/is-echocardiography-valid-and-reproducible-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review
#5
Dipak Kotecha, Mohamed Mohamed, Eduard Shantsila, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard P Steeds
Aims: Echocardiography is vital in the routine assessment and management of atrial fibrillation (AF). We performed a systematic review of the validity and reproducibility of echocardiographic left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in AF, and optimal acquisition methods. Methods and results: Online databases were searched for studies in patients with AF at the time of echocardiography (1960 to August 2015), prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015025297)...
April 6, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279368/imaging-guided-cardioprotective-treatment-in-a-community-elderly-population-of-stage-b-heart-failure
#6
Hong Yang, Kazuaki Negishi, Ying Wang, Mark Nolan, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the benefit of care guided by the detection of stage B heart failure (SBHF) using advanced echocardiography for the reduction of new HF in the community. BACKGROUND: The detection of nonischemic SBHF has been facilitated by advanced echocardiographic imaging modalities. However, improved outcomes have not been proven as they are predicated on benefit of treatment. METHODS: Between September 13, 2013 and November 6, 2015, 618 asymptomatic community-based patients with HF risks (age 71 ± 5 years) were randomized to care guided by advanced echocardiography (myocardial deformation and detailed diastolic function) versus usual care...
March 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219811/stress-echocardiography-in-patients-who-experienced-mechanical-ventilation-weaning-failure
#7
Manuel Ruiz-Bailén, Jesús Cobo-Molinos, Ana Castillo-Rivera, María Dolores Pola-Gallego-de-Guzmán, Antonio Cárdenas-Cruz, Antonio Martínez-Amat, María Sevilla-Martínez, Clara Hernández-Caballero
INTRODUCTION: Critically ill patients may suffer varying degrees of temporary myocardial dysfunction during respiratory weaning that could play an important role in weaning failure. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we tried to assess the existence of temporary diastolic dysfunction during respiratory weaning. METHODS: Inclusion period is from 2006 to 2015. In this study, we included 181 ventilated patients with cardiogenic shock that were being weaned from mechanical ventilation...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219595/comparison-of-post-liver-transplantation-outcomes-in-portopulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-venous-hypertension-a-single-center-experience
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P Rajaram, A Parekh, M Fisher, J Kempker, R Subramanian
BACKGROUND: In potential liver transplant candidates, pulmonary vascular diseases, including portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) and pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH), can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although there are clear guidelines regarding management and transplant listing criteria for patients with PoPH, the listing criteria for PVH are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with PoPH and PVH in patients undergoing liver transplantation...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196196/identification-of-transthyretin-cardiac-amyloidosis-using-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-and-a-clinical-prediction-model
#9
Marios Arvanitis, Clarissa M Koch, Gloria G Chan, Celia Torres-Arancivia, Michael P LaValley, Daniel R Jacobson, John L Berk, Lawreen H Connors, Frederick L Ruberg
Importance: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR) is an underrecognized cause of heart failure (HF) in older individuals, owing in part to difficulty in diagnosis. ATTR can result from substitution of valine for isoleucine at codon 122 of the transthyretin (TTR) gene (V122I), present in 3.43% of African American individuals. Objective: To examine whether serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), an endogenous TTR ligand, could be used as a diagnostic test for ATTR V122I amyloidosis...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105343/increased-complements-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-predict-heart-failure-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Danni Liu, Xin Qi, Qi Li, Wenjun Jia, Liping Wei, Anan Huang, Keqiang Liu, Zongjin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the serum levels of complements and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are associated with the severity of myocardial injury. Consecutive patients (n=110) with AMI and 33 healthy individuals, who served as control subjects, were enrolled from May 2013 to February 2015. These patients were divided into two groups, those with ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) and those with non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI)...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998435/-association-of-sleep-quality-with-hypertension-in-the-elderly-of-jino-nationality-a-multilevel-model-analysis
#11
Y Mao, J Zhou, T S Chu, J H Luo, C M Lai, Q Zhang, B X Qi
Objective: To evaluate the association of sleep quality with hypertension in the elderly population aged 60 years and older of Jino nationality. Methods: In August 2015, a cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in 805 subjects sampled by multistage stratified and cluster sampling from the elderly population of Jino nationality, the sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, a poor sleep group was defined as having a global PSQI score>7, a good sleep group was with a score of 7 or less), and the multilevel Logistic regression model was applied to analyze the association of sleep quality with hypertension...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774267/the-clinical-significance-of-plasma-neopterin-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#12
Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Takanori Tokitsu, Hiroaki Kusaka, Noriaki Tabata, Kenichi Tsujita, Megumi Yamamuro, Koichi Kaikita, Hiroshi Watanabe, Seiji Hokimoto, Toru Maruyama, Hisao Ogawa
AIMS: Although inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF), the precise pathophysiological role of inflammation in HF with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) still remains unclear. Hence, we examined the clinical significance of plasma neopterin, an inflammatory biomarker, in HFpEF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, we recruited consecutive HFpEF patients hospitalized in Kumamoto University Hospital, and further measured plasma neopterin by high-performance liquid chromatography and serum derivatives of reactive oxidative metabolites (DROM), a new biomarker of reactive oxygen species...
March 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761444/outcomes-of-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-in-patients-with-severely-dilated-left-ventricle
#13
Sen Li, Wenhui Gong, Quan Qi, Zezhe Yuan, Anqing Chen, Jun Liu, Junfeng Cai, Mi Zhou, Zhe Wang, Xiaofeng Ye, Qiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Currently, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting has been the standard procedure for surgical revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study aimed to examine the safety and applicability of OPCAB compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB) in patients with severely dilated left ventricle. METHODS: A retrospective study of giant left ventricle patients [left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) ≥ VE mm] undergoing coronary bypass grafting from 2009 through 2015 at a single center was conducted...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754071/os-18-03-greater-visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-was-associated-with-cognitive-function-impairment-in-an-elderly-population-prospective-study
#14
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hao-Ming Cheng, Bak-Sau Yip, Wen-Harn Pan, Chen-Huan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) and future cognitive dysfunction in an elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: The Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors two-Township study (CVDFACTS) was a longitudinal cohort study and the first wave survey was established during 1989-1991 and four waves of survey were carried out between 1992 and 2002. The on-going sixth wave survey was started in 2015. A total of 320 seniors aged more than 60 years participated in the sixth wave survey and received the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to evaluate the global cognitive function in 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753881/ish-ada-02-comparison-of-pulse-wave-velocity-and-pulse-pressure-amplification-in-the-association-with-target-organ-damages-in-the-community-based-elderly-the-northern-shanghai-study
#15
Bin Bai, Jin Xiong, Yuyan Lv, Shikai Yu, Jiadela Teliewubai, Chen Chi, Yiwu Zhou, Kai Wang, Le Wang, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the discrepancy between PWV and PPA in association with hypertensive TODs in the elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1599 community-based elderly subjects (age > 65 years old) located in the northern Shanghai were recruited. The carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), peripheral blood pressure (BP), central BP and other TODs indicators including the ratio of the early ventricular filling velocity (E) to the peak velocity of tissue Doppler velocity of septal mitral annulus (E/Ea), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid intima-medium thickness (IMT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-creatinine rate (ACR) were assessed on each participant...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748473/exercise-training-in-heart-failure-patients-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Erick Chan, Francesco Giallauria, Carlo Vigorito, Neil A Smart
Exercise training induces physical adaptations for heart failure patients with systolic dysfunction but less is known about those patients with preserved ejection fraction. This study's aims were to establish if exercise training produces changes in peak VO2 and related measures, quality of life, general health and diastolic function in heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We conducted a MEDLINE search (1985 to September 1, 2015), for exercise based rehabilitation trials in heart failure, using search terms 'exercise training, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, heart failure with  normal ejection fraction, peak VO2 and diastolic heart dysfunction'...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680806/e5-lung-ultrasound-and-echocardiography-for-peripartum-haemodynamic-monitoring-of-patients-with-severe-preeclampsia
#17
J Ambrozic, K Prokselj, M Lucovnik
INTRODUCTION: The ability to judge intravascular volume is fundamental in the management of patients with severe preeclampsia. Insufficient intravascular volume can result in decreased oxygen delivery to tissues and exacerbates organ dysfunction. On the other hand, fluid excesses can lead to fluid extravasation and pulmonary edema. Outside of pregnancy, transthoracic echocardiography and lung ultrasonography have become important diagnostic and monitoring tools in critically ill patients...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643174/ish-ada-02-comparison-of-pulse-wave-velocity-and-pulse-pressure-amplification-in-the-association-with-target-organ-damages-in-the-community-based-elderly-the-northern-shanghai-study
#18
Bin Bai, Jin Xiong, Yuyan Lv, Shikai Yu, Jiadela Teliewubai, Chen Chi, Yiwu Zhou, Kai Wang, Le Wang, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the discrepancy between PWV and PPA in association with hypertensive TODs in the elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1599 community-based elderly subjects (age > 65 years old) located in the northern Shanghai were recruited. The carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), peripheral blood pressure (BP), central BP and other TODs indicators including the ratio of the early ventricular filling velocity (E) to the peak velocity of tissue Doppler velocity of septal mitral annulus (E/Ea), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid intima-medium thickness (IMT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-creatinine rate (ACR) were assessed on each participant...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642992/os-18-03-greater-visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-was-associated-with-cognitive-function-impairment-in-an-elderly-population-prospective-study
#19
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hao-Ming Cheng, Bak-Sau Yip, Wen-Harn Pan, Chen-Huan Chen
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) and future cognitive dysfunction in an elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: The Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors two-Township study (CVDFACTS) was a longitudinal cohort study and the first wave survey was established during 1989-1991 and four waves of survey were carried out between 1992 and 2002. The on-going sixth wave survey was started in 2015. A total of 320 seniors aged more than 60 years participated in the sixth wave survey and received the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to evaluate the global cognitive function in 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609819/echocardiographic-structure-and-function-in-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
James S Castleman, Ramesh Ganapathy, Fatima Taki, Gregory Y H Lip, Richard P Steeds, Dipak Kotecha
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is commonly used to direct the management of hypertensive disorders in medical patients, but its application in pregnancy is unclear. Our objective was to define the use of echocardiography in pregnancies complicated by gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a systematic review of articles using an electronic search of databases from inception to March 2015, prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015015700)...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
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