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diastolic dysfunction 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885417/association-of-nonsteroidal-antiinflammatory-drugs-and-postpartum-hypertension-in-women-with-preeclampsia-with-severe-features
#1
Oscar A Viteri, Joey A England, Mesk A Alrais, Kayla A Lash, Maria I Villegas, Olaide A Ashimi Balogun, Suneet P Chauhan, Baha M Sibai
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with persistent postpartum hypertension in a cohort of women with preeclampsia and severe features. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a single, tertiary center from January 2013 to December 2015. All women diagnosed with severe preeclampsia who remained hypertensive for greater than 24 hours after delivery were included. The primary outcome was the rate of persistent postpartum hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure 150 mm Hg or greater or diastolic 100 mm Hg or greater (or both), on two occasions, at least 4 hours apart...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864371/left-ventricular-noncompaction-in-older-patients
#2
Tao Tian, Kun-Qi Yang, Yi Mao, Lan-Lan Zhou, Lin-Ping Wang, Yan Xiao, Yan-Kun Yang, Yin Zhang, Xu Meng, Xian-Liang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Information on left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) in older people is sparse. This study aimed to investigate the clinical profile of LVNC in an older cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2007 and September 2015, older patients (age ≥ 60 years) who were diagnosed with LVNC using cardiovascular magnetic resonance were prospectively enrolled at our hospital. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (male, 80%; mean age, 65 ± 5 years) were prospectively included in this study...
August 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817823/comparison-of-renal-outcome-among-japanese-patients-with-or-without-microangiopathic-hemolysis-in-malignant-phase-hypertension-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#3
Yoshikuni Nagayama, Yoshihiko Inoue, Kiyoko Inui, Ashio Yoshimura
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although microangiopathic hemolysis (MAH) is a well-known complication of malignant phase hypertension (MPH), only less data on whether MAH in MPH predicts renal outcome exist. Therefore, we evaluated whether MAH was associated with the renal outcome in patients with MPH. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, cohort study. Data from 35 patients diagnosed with MPH between October 1998 and January 2015 were analyzed. MPH was defined as the presence of a diastolic blood pressure of ≥120 mm Hg and grades III/IV hypertensive retinopathy according to the Keith-Wagener-Barker classification...
August 18, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813234/cardiac-mr-strain-a-noninvasive-biomarker-of-fibrofatty-remodeling-of-the-left-atrial-myocardium
#4
Adrian T Huber, Jérôme Lamy, Amer Rahhal, Morgane Evin, Fabrice Atassi, Carine Defrance, Guillaume Lebreton, Karine Clément, Myriam Berthet, Richard Isnard, Pascal Leprince, Philippe Cluzel, Stéphane N Hatem, Nadjia Kachenoura, Alban Redheuil
Purpose To determine whether left atrial (LA) strain quantification with cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging feature tracking is associated with the severity of LA fibrofatty myocardial remodeling at histologic analysis. Materials and Methods This prospective case-control study was approved by the institutional review board. LA strain was evaluated with cardiac MR feature tracking between January 2014 and March 2015 in 13 consecutive patients (mean age, 61 years ± 19; nine male) with mitral regurgitation in the 24 hours before mitral valve surgery and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 16, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770033/epicardial-fat-thickness-is-correlated-with-vagal-hyperactivity-in-patients-with-neurally-mediated-syncope
#5
Kyoung Im Cho, Young Soo Lee, Byong Kyu Kim, Bong Joon Kim, Kee Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat tissue has unique endocrine and paracrine functions that affect the cardiac autonomic system. The head-up tilt test (HUTT) is a simple non-invasive measurement that assesses autonomic nervous system dysfunction. We investigated the association between epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and autonomic neural tone, such as vagal tone. METHODS: A total of 797 consecutive patients (mean age 46.5 years, male: 45.7%) who underwent HUTT and echocardiography between March 2006 and June 2015 were enrolled...
June 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748840/cardiovascular-involvement-in-severe-malaria-a-prospective-study-in-ranchi-jharkhand
#6
Hemant Narayan Ray, Darshit Doshi, Appu Rajan, Amit K Singh, S B Singh, M K Das
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Malaria is considered as the most important parasitic disease of humans, causing seri- ous illness that can be fatal, if not diagnosed and treated immediately. It is a multisystem disorder affecting nearly every system of the body. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the involvement of cardiovascular system in severe malaria using non-invasive methods. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on patients of severe malaria who were admitted between June and November 2015 in the Department of Medicine, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744930/what-endocardial-right-ventricular-pacing-site-shows-better-contractility-and-synchrony-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Antonio Ammirati, Rosalinda Palmieri, Vincenzo Pazzano, Silvia Placidi, Lucilla Ravà, Romolo Remoli, Fabio Anselmo Saputo, Letizia Verticelli, Fabrizio Drago
AIMS: Right ventricular apical pacing (RVA) can induce left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, remodelling and dysfunction in children with complete atrioventricular block (CAVB). We compared the functional outcome of RVA with RV alternative pacing sites (RVAPS), including parahisian, septal, and outflow tract sites. METHODS: This is a single-centre, retrospective study. Data were collected before pacemaker implantation (transvenous leads), postoperatively, at 6 months and at 1-2-3-4 years...
July 25, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718257/risk-factors-for-heat-related-deaths-during-the-june-2015-heat-wave-in-karachi-pakistan
#8
Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Tehreem Ansari, Ashraf Shamshad Ali, Sara Fatima, Mariam Hassan Rizvi, Muhammad Abdul Samad
BACKGROUND: Mortality as a consequence of heat related illness is a public health concern. Emergency department (ED) experiences increased patients' flow and decreased survival as a consequence of heat stroke during the episodes of heat wave. The present study was conducted to identify the risk factors for mortality among victims of heat wave (17th - 23rd June), 2015 evaluated in the Emergency Department of The Indus Hospital (TIH), Karachi. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data was retrospectively collected...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702739/value-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-predicting-left-ventricular-recovery-in-patients-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#9
Ufuk Gürkan, Haldun Akgöz, Şukru Aksoy, Özlem Can Gürkan, Altug Osken, Sennur Unal Dayi, Dilaver Oz, Recep Haci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting left ventricular (LV) recovery in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). METHODS: Patients with PPCM (n = 40), who were admitted to our tertiary reference hospital between 2007 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were followed-up for at least 12 months after the diagnosis. All patients had standard echocardiographic examination at baseline and the last follow-up visit...
July 12, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670777/a-screening-echocardiogram-to-identify-diastolic-dysfunction-leads-to-better-outcomes
#10
Reyan Ghany, Ana Palacio, Gordon Chen, Elissa Dawkins, Alina Ghany, Emancia Forbes, Thiago Tajiri, Leonardo Tamariz
BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) can lead to heart failure and higher mortality. Echocardiograms can detect DD but are not indicated for screening in older adults. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of DD and the impact of identifying it in seniors. METHODS: We performed screening echocardiograms in 5227 consecutive patients between January 2014 and March 2015 in 36 senior-focused value-based clinics across six states. We determined the presence of the grade of DD and defined stage B grade II/III (asymptomatic) and of stage C grade II/III (symptomatic) DD by the presence or absence of typical HF symptoms...
August 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652715/association-of-arteriosclerosis-and-or-atherosclerosis-with-hypertensive-target-organ-damage-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-chinese-the-northern-shanghai-study
#11
Ximin Fan, Mengyun Zhu, Chen Chi, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Yuyan Lu, Bin Bai, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Vascular abnormality includes two forms, arteriosclerosis (ARS) and atherosclerosis (ATS), which coexist in patients with cardiovascular (CV) diseases. However, whether their combination may lead to a worsening status in those patients remains unclear. We therefore aimed to investigate the association of ARS and/or ATS with hypertensive target organ damage (TOD). METHODS: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1,599 community-dwelling elderly subjects (aged >65 years) from northern Shanghai were recruited...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592041/-the-effects-of-different-tidal-volume-ventilation-on-right-ventricular-function-in-critical-respiratory-failure-patients
#12
L X Liu, J Q Wu, Q Y Wu, Q Zhang, B Yu, S M Ge, Y Huo, X T Wang, Y G Chao, Z J Hu
Objective: To observe and explore the effects of different tidal volume (VT) ventilation on right ventricular (RV) function in patients with critical respiratory failure. Methods: Consecutive respiratory failure patients who were treated with invasive ventilator over 24 h in the Department of Critical Care Medicine at the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from June to December in 2015 were enrolled in this study.Clinical data including patients' vital signs, ventilator parameters and RV echocardiography were collected within 6 h (D0), day1(D1), day2 (D2) and day3 (D3) after ventilation started...
June 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552430/pulmonary-hypertension-with-left-heart-disease-prevalence-temporal-shifts-in-etiologies-and-outcome
#13
Tatyana Weitsman, Giora Weisz, Rivka Farkash, Marc Klutstein, Adi Butnaru, David Rosenmann, Tal Hasin
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension has many causes. While It's conventionally thought that the most prevalent is left heart disease, little information about it's proportion, causes and implications on outcome is available. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1993-2015, 12,115 of 66,949 (18%) first adult transthoracic echocardiograms were found to have tricuspid incompetence gradient≥40mmHg, a pulmonary hypertension surrogate. Left heart disease was identified in 8306 (69%) and included valve malfunction in 4115 (49%), left ventricular systolic dysfunction in 2557 (31%), and diastolic dysfunction in 1776 (21%)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528875/comparison-of-central-and-peripheral-hemodynamics-in-association-with-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-community-based-elderly-chinese
#14
Jing Xiong, Xuejing Yu, Shikai Yu, Bin Bai, Henry Xu, Hongwei Ji, Jiadela Teliewubai, Kai Wang, Chen Chi, Yuyan Lu, Yiwu Zhou, Ximin Fan, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with central and peripheral hemodynamics. A total of 1599 community-based senior residents (aged ≥ 65 years) in northern Shanghai, China, were recruited as of August 2015. Echocardiography was performed for each participant using the MyLab30 Gold CV system. According to the recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography, the ratio of E (peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity) to E' (early diastolic lateral mitral annulus velocity) was assessed for the evaluation of LVDD...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387802/is-echocardiography-valid-and-reproducible-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review
#15
Dipak Kotecha, Mohamed Mohamed, Eduard Shantsila, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard P Steeds
Aims: Echocardiography is vital in the routine assessment and management of atrial fibrillation (AF). We performed a systematic review of the validity and reproducibility of echocardiographic left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in AF, and optimal acquisition methods. Methods and results: Online databases were searched for studies in patients with AF at the time of echocardiography (1960 to August 2015), prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42015025297)...
April 6, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279368/imaging-guided-cardioprotective-treatment-in-a-community-elderly-population-of-stage-b-heart-failure
#16
Hong Yang, Kazuaki Negishi, Ying Wang, Mark Nolan, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the benefit of care guided by the detection of stage B heart failure (SBHF) using advanced echocardiography for the reduction of new HF in the community. BACKGROUND: The detection of nonischemic SBHF has been facilitated by advanced echocardiographic imaging modalities. However, improved outcomes have not been proven as they are predicated on benefit of treatment. METHODS: Between September 13, 2013 and November 6, 2015, 618 asymptomatic community-based patients with HF risks (age 71 ± 5 years) were randomized to care guided by advanced echocardiography (myocardial deformation and detailed diastolic function) versus usual care...
March 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219811/stress-echocardiography-in-patients-who-experienced-mechanical-ventilation-weaning-failure
#17
Manuel Ruiz-Bailén, Jesús Cobo-Molinos, Ana Castillo-Rivera, María Dolores Pola-Gallego-de-Guzmán, Antonio Cárdenas-Cruz, Antonio Martínez-Amat, María Sevilla-Martínez, Clara Hernández-Caballero
INTRODUCTION: Critically ill patients may suffer varying degrees of temporary myocardial dysfunction during respiratory weaning that could play an important role in weaning failure. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we tried to assess the existence of temporary diastolic dysfunction during respiratory weaning. METHODS: Inclusion period is from 2006 to 2015. In this study, we included 181 ventilated patients with cardiogenic shock that were being weaned from mechanical ventilation...
June 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219595/comparison-of-post-liver-transplantation-outcomes-in-portopulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-venous-hypertension-a-single-center-experience
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P Rajaram, A Parekh, M Fisher, J Kempker, R Subramanian
BACKGROUND: In potential liver transplant candidates, pulmonary vascular diseases, including portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) and pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH), can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although there are clear guidelines regarding management and transplant listing criteria for patients with PoPH, the listing criteria for PVH are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality associated with PoPH and PVH in patients undergoing liver transplantation...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196196/identification-of-transthyretin-cardiac-amyloidosis-using-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-and-a-clinical-prediction-model
#19
Marios Arvanitis, Clarissa M Koch, Gloria G Chan, Celia Torres-Arancivia, Michael P LaValley, Daniel R Jacobson, John L Berk, Lawreen H Connors, Frederick L Ruberg
Importance: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR) is an underrecognized cause of heart failure (HF) in older individuals, owing in part to difficulty in diagnosis. ATTR can result from substitution of valine for isoleucine at codon 122 of the transthyretin (TTR) gene (V122I), present in 3.43% of African American individuals. Objective: To examine whether serum retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), an endogenous TTR ligand, could be used as a diagnostic test for ATTR V122I amyloidosis...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105343/increased-complements-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-predict-heart-failure-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
Danni Liu, Xin Qi, Qi Li, Wenjun Jia, Liping Wei, Anan Huang, Keqiang Liu, Zongjin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the serum levels of complements and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are associated with the severity of myocardial injury. Consecutive patients (n=110) with AMI and 33 healthy individuals, who served as control subjects, were enrolled from May 2013 to February 2015. These patients were divided into two groups, those with ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) and those with non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI)...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
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