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Psychology, pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053655/assessment-of-pre-and-postoperative-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-ambulatory-oral-surgery-in-primary-care
#1
E Reyes-Gilabert, L-G Luque-Romero, G Bejarano-Avila, A Garcia-Palma, A Rollon-Mayordomo, P Infante-Cossio
BACKGROUND: To analyze the pre- and postoperative anxiety level in patients undergoing ambulatory oral surgery (AOS) in a primary healthcare center (PHC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and descriptive clinical study on 45 patients who underwent AOS procedures in the dental clinic of a public PHC of Spain between April and September 2015. Anxiety analysis was carried out with pre- and postoperative anxiety-state (STAI-S), anxiety-trait (STAI-T) and dental anxiety (MDAS) questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053648/influence-of-clinical-and-psychological-variables-upon-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#2
A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052667/differences-in-coping-among-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#3
Crystal C Watkins, Iye Kamara Kanu, Jill B Hamilton, Sharon L Kozachik, Fannie Gaston-Johansson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in psychological distress, symptoms, coping capacity, and coping abilities among African American (AA) women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-TNBC and to explore differences in relationships among these variables.
. DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive, comparative, and correlational design.
. SETTING: Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 30 AA women with breast cancer...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052660/symptom-distress-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-toward-the-end-of-life
#4
Lissi Hansen, Nathan F Dieckmann, Kenneth J Kolbeck, Willscott E Naugler, Michael F Chang
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the presence, frequency, severity, and distress of symptoms in outpatients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma toward the end of life, and the variability in psychological and physical symptom distress between and within patients over time. 
. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive design. 
. SETTING: Outpatient clinics at two healthcare institutions. 
. SAMPLE: 18 patients (15 men and 3 women) with hepatocellular carcinoma and a mean age of 63...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051890/considerations-for-pediatric-burn-sedation-and-analgesia
#5
REVIEW
Alice Fagin, Tina L Palmieri
Burn patients experience anxiety and pain in the course of their injury, treatment, and recovery. Hence, treatment of anxiety and pain is paramount after burn injury. Children, in particular, pose challenges in anxiety and pain management due to their unique physiologic, psychologic, and anatomic status. Burn injuries further complicate pain management and sedation as such injuries can have effects on medication response and elimination. Burn injuries further complicate pain management and sedation as such injuries can have effects on medication response and elimination...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049813/assessment-of-pain-anxiety-pain-catastrophizing-and-fear-of-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Emma Fisher, Lauren C Heathcote, Christopher Eccleston, Laura E Simons, Tonya M Palermo
To conduct a systematic review of pain anxiety, pain catastrophizing, and fear of pain measures psychometrically established in youth with chronic pain. The review addresses three specific aims: (1) to identify measures used in youth with chronic pain, summarizing their content, psychometric properties, and use; (2) to use evidence-based assessment criteria to rate each measure according to the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) guidelines; (3) to pool data across studies for meta-analysis of shared variance in psychometric performance in relation to the primary outcomes of pain intensity, disability, generalized anxiety, and depression...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049165/effects-of-different-methods-of-general-anesthesia-on-intraoperative-awareness-in-surgical-patients
#7
Haijiao Yu, Di Wu
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and combined of intravenous and inhaled anesthesia (CIIA) on intraoperative awareness in surgical patients.A total of 678 patients were recruited in the CIIA group, while TIVA group included 566 patients. The clinical characteristics and the occurrence of intraoperative awareness were compared between the groups. Mini-Mental State Examination, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7, and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 tests were performed to estimate cognitive and psychological functions of the patients...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048520/pain-acceptance-as-a-predictor-of-medical-utilization-and-school-absenteeism-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#8
Michelle A Clementi, Grace S Kao, Evelyn Monico
Objective: Identifying factors contributing to high medical utilization and productivity loss is important, given the high cost of pediatric chronic pain. The current study examined chronic pain acceptance as a predictor of medical utilization and school absenteeism in adolescents with chronic pain. Methods: In all, 122 adolescents (aged 12-21 years) with chronic pain and their parents/guardians completed questionnaires assessing medical visits (past 6 months), medication usage, and number of school absences (past month)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048519/finding-silver-linings-a-preliminary-examination-of-benefit-finding-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#9
Sabine Soltani, Alex Neville, Karen Hurtubise, Aimee Hildenbrand, Melanie Noel
Background: Chronic pain is a pervasive condition in adolescence and is associated with significant psychological distress, functional disability, social isolation, and decreased quality of life for a subset of affected youth. There is a paucity of research examining potential resilience factors and adaptive processes in pediatric chronic pain. Benefit finding refers to the process of perceiving positive consequences in the face of adversity. Previous research on benefit finding in pediatric samples (e...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048506/the-comfort-ability-pain-management-workshop-a-preliminary-nonrandomized-investigation-of-a-brief-cognitive-biobehavioral-and-parent-training-intervention-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#10
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak, Joe Kossowsky, Christina Iversen, Carolina Donado
Objective: Psychological intervention is widely recognized as an integral part of the recovery process from pediatric chronic pain, but service acquisition is often limited by resource barriers. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a brief, structured, skills-based, group intervention designed expressly to address gaps in service delivery. Exploratory outcomes were also assessed. Method: Adolescents with chronic pain (n = 102; ages 10-17 years) and their mothers (n = 105) completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 1-week, 1-month, and 3-month posttreatment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045088/orofacial-pain-overview-getting-rid-of-the-riddles
#11
Andrew Young
While most pains that find their way to the dental office are dental in origin, some have less familiar roots: muscular, joint, neurological, headache, sinus or psychological. All of these roots can at times masquerade as a toothache. The purpose of this article is to alert the dentist to the select features of each root that distinguish it from the rest, resulting in efficient and appropriate treatment.
March 27, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044408/testing-a-positive-psychological-intervention-for-osteoarthritis
#12
Leslie R M Hausmann, Ada Youk, C Kent Kwoh, Said A Ibrahim, Michael J Hannon, Debra K Weiner, Rollin M Gallagher, Acacia Parks
Objective: Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability for which there is no cure. Psychosocial-oriented treatments are underexplored. We developed and tested an intervention to build positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude) to reduce osteoarthritis symptom severity, including pain and functioning, and to improve psychosocial well-being in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Design: Two-arm randomized design with six-month follow-up. Setting: An academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
October 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043281/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-victims-of-serious-motor-vehicle-accidents
#13
Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Hooman Shahsavari, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence has shown that motor vehicle accidents have an enormous impact on mental health. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common psychological consequences in adult survivors of accidents, so it is important to understand the prevalence and predictors of this issue since delay causes damage to crucial daily functioning. This study aimed at investigating the prevalence and predictors of PTSD after motor vehicle accident. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 528 injured patients six weeks to six months after motor vehicle accident in Imam Reza Clinic of Poursina hospital, Rasht in 2015...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039835/-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-extremity-atherosclerosis-during-standard-treatment-and-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#14
Yu V Chervyakov, O N Vlasenko
AIM: To compare the impact of standard conservative treatment (SCT) and its combination with therapeutic angiogenesis for 3 to 5 years on quality of life in patients with Stage II (according to the classification developed by A.V. Pokrovsky-Fontaine) lower extremity atherosclerosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 92 patients (69 men and 23 women) (mean age 65.2±7.7 years) were examined and divided into 2 groups of 46 people each. Only SCT (statins at an individually adjusted dose, antiaggregants, and graded exercise walking 3 to 5 km daily were used in Group 1; while Group 2 received SCT in combination with double injection of a plasmid-based VEGF165 gene drug (1...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037647/a-critical-overview-of-the-current-myofascial-pain-literature-october-2017
#15
REVIEW
Jan Dommerholt, Michelle Finnegan, Todd Hooks, Li-Wei Chou
In this overview of the myofascial pain literature, we have included several original contributions ranging from a study by Bowen and colleagues of trigger points in horses to the introduction of a new clinical entity of "laryngeal muscle myofascial pain syndrome in dysphonic patients." Minerbi and colleagues described for the first time the referred pain patterns of the longus colli muscle, while Casale and associates studied the spinal modulatory action of dry needling or acupuncture stimulation. Many dry needling articles are included in this overview with several recent outcome studies...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037630/hypoalgesic-effects-of-three-different-manual-therapy-techniques-on-cervical-spine-and-psychological-interaction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Jose Luis Alonso-Perez, Almudena Lopez-Lopez, Roy La Touche, Sergio Lerma-Lara, Emilio Suarez, Javier Rojas, Mark D Bishop, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Josué Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which psychological factors interact with a particular manual therapy (MT) technique to induce hypoalgesia in healthy subjects. METHODS: Seventy-five healthy volunteers (36 female, 39 males), were recruited in this double-blind, controlled and parallel study. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive: High velocity low amplitude technique (HVLA), joint mobilization, or Cervical Lateral glide mobilization (CLGM)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037252/experiences-of-midwives-on-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-labour-pain-management-in-ghana
#17
Lydia Aziato, Abigail A Kyei, Godsway Deku
BACKGROUND: Due to the debilitating effects of severe labour pains, labour pain management continues to be an important subject that requires much attention. Thus, this study sought to gain a detailed insight into the experiences of midwives on pharmacological and non-pharmacological labour pain management strategies in a resource limited clinical context. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory qualitative design was adopted for this study which allowed in-depth follow-up of the midwives' comments resulting in a full understanding of emerging findings...
October 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036699/pain-related-acceptance-as-a-mediator-in-the-fear-avoidance-model-of-chronic-pain-a-preliminary-study
#18
Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Maria Louison Vang, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Tonny Elmose Andersen
Objective: The fear avoidance model has served as a popular, heuristic model in explaining the transition from acute to chronic pain. In addition, the significance of pain-related acceptance in chronic pain development and adjustment is underlined in a vast number of empirical studies. The objective of the current preliminary study was to investigate pain-related acceptance as a mediator within the key cognitive relationships proposed by the fear avoidance model of chronic pain. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, bodily pain, pain catastrophizing, fear avoidance beliefs, and pain-related acceptance were assessed by questionnaires in 125 chronic pain patients in a Danish multidisciplinary pain center...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036361/chronic-pain-and-neuropathy-following-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#19
Lise Ventzel, Caspar S Madsen, Páll Karlsson, Hatice Tankisi, Baris Isak, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Anders B Jensen, Anni R Jensen, Troels S Jensen, Nanna B Finnerup
Objective: To determine symptoms and characteristics of chronic sensory neuropathy in patients treated with oxaliplatin and docetaxel, including patterns of somatosensory abnormalities, pain descriptors, and psychological functioning. Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Setting: A chronic pain research center. Subjects: Thirty-eight patients with chronic peripheral pain and/or dysesthesia following chemotherapy...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034363/nocebo-effects-in-clinical-studies-hints-for-pain-therapy
#20
Regine Klinger, Maxie Blasini, Julia Schmitz, Luana Colloca
INTRODUCTION: Nocebo-induced algesic responses occurring within clinical contexts present a challenge for health care practitioners working in the field of pain medicine. OBJECTIVES: Following the recent research on algesic nocebo effects, the scope of this review is to develop ethically acceptable strategies to help avoid, or at least reduce, nocebo responses within clinical settings. METHODS: We reviewed relevant clinical studies that depict how patient-practitioner interactions may contribute to the reduction of nocebo responses...
March 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
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