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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328372/psychiatric-genomics-and-mental-health-treatment-setting-the-ethical-agenda
#1
Camillia Kong, Michael Dunn, Michael Parker
Realizing the benefits of translating psychiatric genomics research into mental health care is not straightforward. The translation process gives rise to ethical challenges that are distinctive from challenges posed within psychiatric genomics research itself, or that form part of the delivery of clinical psychiatric genetics services. This article outlines and considers three distinct ethical concerns posed by the process of translating genomic research into frontline psychiatric practice and policy making...
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327136/perceptions-of-interprofessional-collaboration-of-general-practitioners-and-community-pharmacists-a-qualitative-study
#2
Christin Löffler, Carolin Koudmani, Femke Böhmer, Susanne D Paschka, Jennifer Höck, Eva Drewelow, Martin Stremme, Bernd Stahlhacke, Attila Altiner
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous evidences for the positive effect of community pharmacists on health care, interprofessional collaboration of pharmacists and general practitioners is very often limited. Though highly trained, pharmacists remain an underutilised resource in primary health care in most western countries. This qualitative study aims at investigating pharmacists' and general practitioners' views on barriers to interprofessional collaboration in the German health care system...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324807/parenting-self-efficacy-and-empowerment-among-expectant-mothers-with-substance-use-disorders
#3
Debra H Zand, Jessica L Chou, Kathy J Pierce, Lara B Pennington, Rosalie R Dickens, Jerri Michael, Donna McNamara, Taryn White
OBJECTIVE: to describe parenting self-efficacy and family empowerment among expectant mothers with substance use disorders. DESIGN: the study employed a quantitative cross-sectional design. PARTICIPANTS: participants were 71 pregnant women with substance use disorders entering a gender-specific, substance use disorder, residential treatment facility. MEASUREMENTS: measurement tools included: the demographic data form, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale, the Addiction Severity Index, and the Family Empowerment Scale...
March 7, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323860/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-childbirth-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review
#4
Foluso Ishola, Onikepe Owolabi, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Promoting respectful care at childbirth is important to improve quality of care and encourage women to utilize skilled delivery services. However, there has been a relative lack of public health research on this topic in Nigeria. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize current evidence on disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Nigeria in order to understand its nature and extent, contributing factors and consequences, and propose solutions. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for relevant published studies, and five data sources for additional grey literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323588/virtual-reality-applications-for-stress-management-training-in-the-military
#5
Federica Pallavicini, Luca Argenton, Nicola Toniazzi, Luciana Aceti, Fabrizia Mantovani
INTRODUCTION: Stress Management Training programs are increasingly being adopted in the military field for resilience empowerment and primary stress prevention. In the last several years, advanced technologies (virtual reality in particular) have been integrated in order to develop more innovative and effective stress training programs for military personnel, including soldiers, pilots, and other aircrew professionals. This systematic review describes experimental studies that have been conducted in recent years to test the effectiveness of virtual reality-based Stress Management Training programs developed for military personnel...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323537/impact-of-demographic-variables-on-women-s-economic-empowerment-an-ordered-probit-model
#6
Syeda Azra Batool, Hafiz Khalil Ahmed, Shazia Noureen Qureshi
The present study aimed to empirically examine the demographic variables that determine women's economic empowerment. A sample of 500 married women between 21 and 49 years old (Mage = 35.49, SD = 7.66) was conveniently selected from district Multan (Pakistan). Control over economic resources was used as a proxy for women's economic empowerment. Ordered probit regression was run to assess the demographic determinants (i.e., age, education, paid job, income, and property) of economic empowerment of the least empowered, moderately empowered, and highly empowered women...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321861/applying-the-community-health-worker-model-in-dermatology-a-curriculum-for-skin-cancer-prevention-education-training
#7
Audrey A Jacobsen, Jezabel Maisonet, Robert S Kirsner, John Strasswimmer
BACKGROUND: Incidence of skin cancer is rising in Hispanic populations and minorities often have more advanced disease and experience higher mortality rates. Community health worker (CHW) programs to promote primary and secondary prevention show promise for many diseases, but an adequate training program in skin cancer prevention is not documented. We present a model for CHW specialty certification in skin cancer prevention for underserved, Hispanic communities. METHODS: We designed a culturally appropriate CHW training program according to an empowerment model of education for skin cancer prevention and detection in underserved Hispanic communities...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303173/validating-an-agency-based-tool-for-measuring-women-s-empowerment-in-a-complex-public-health-trial-in-rural-nepal
#8
Lu Gram, Joanna Morrison, Neha Sharma, Bhim Shrestha, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi Saville, Jolene Skordis-Worrall
Despite the rising popularity of indicators of women's empowerment in global development programmes, little work has been done on the validity of existing measures of such a complex concept. We present a mixed methods validation of the use of the Relative Autonomy Index for measuring Amartya Sen's notion of agency freedom in rural Nepal. Analysis of think-aloud interviews (n = 7) indicated adequate respondent understanding of questionnaire items, but multiple problems of interpretation including difficulties with the four-point Likert scale, questionnaire item ambiguity and difficulties with translation...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Human Development and Capabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300997/-the-contribution-of-web-2-0-technologies-to-the-empowerment-of-active-patients
#9
Martí Oliver-Mora, Lupicinio Iñiguez-Rueda
The Spanish health system has recently been marked by the emergence of more active patients who are characterized as being better informed about their disease, having a more participatory attitude, wanting to have a greater influence in making decisions about their health and asserting their rights as patients. Therefore, this article aims to report on how the introduction of Web 2.0 technologies can contribute to the empowering of more active patients. To achieve this, 14 semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients and representatives of patient associations who have used Web 2...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#10
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292282/metabolic-risk-management-physical-exercise-and-lifestyle-counselling-in-low-active-adults-controlled-randomized-trial-bellugat
#11
Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado, Francisco José Verdejo, Rosa Rodriguez-Arregui, José Serrano, Marta Miret, Gisela Galindo, Alfonso Blanco, Josep-Ramon Marsal, Susana Sarriegui, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergues, Noemi Serra-Paya
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of different doses (intensity) of supervised exercise training - concomitant with lifestyle counselling - as a primary care intervention tool for the management of metabolic syndrome risk factors in low-active adults with one or more such factors (programme name in Catalan: Bellugat de CAP a peus). METHODS/DESIGN: Three-arm, randomized controlled clinical trial implemented in the primary care setting, with a duration of 40 weeks (16 weeks intervention and 24-week follow-up)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291976/effects-of-a-group-psychoeducation-program-on-self-stigma-empowerment-and-perceived-discrimination-of-persons-with-schizophrenia
#12
Slađana Štrkalj Ivezić, Marijan Alfonso Sesar, Lana Mužinić
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma adversely affects recovery from schizophrenia. Analyses of self stigma reduction programs discovered that few studies have investigated the impact of education about the illness on self-stigma reduction. The objective of this study was to determine whether psychoeducation based on the principles of recovery and empowerment using therapeutic group factors assists in reduction of self-stigma, increased empowerment and reduced perception of discrimination in patients with schizophrenia...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288953/impact-of-social-processes-in-online-health-communities-on-patient-empowerment-in-relationship-with-the-physician-emergence-of-functional-and-dysfunctional-empowerment
#13
Gregor Petrič, Sara Atanasova, Tanja Kamin
BACKGROUND: Substantial research demonstrates the importance of online health communities (OHCs) for patient empowerment, although the impact on the patient-physician relationship is understudied. Patient empowerment also occurs in relationship with the physician, but studies of OHCs mostly disregard this. The question also remains about the nature and consequences of this empowerment, as it might be based on the limited validity of some information in OHCs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social processes in OHCs (information exchange with users and health professional moderators, social support, finding meaning, and self-expressing) on functional and dysfunctional patient empowerment in relationship with the physician (PERP)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286969/involving-people-with-dementia-in-developing-an-interactive-web-tool-for-shared-decision-making-experiences-with-a-participatory-design-approach
#14
Marijke Span, Marike Hettinga, Leontine Groen-van de Ven, Jan Jukema, Ruud Janssen, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Jan Eefsting, Carolien Smits
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was at gaining insight into the participatory design approach of involving people with dementia in the development of the DecideGuide, an interactive web tool facilitating shared decision-making in their care networks. METHOD: An explanatory case study design was used when developing the DecideGuide. A secondary analysis focused on the data gathered from the participating people with dementia during the development stages: semi-structured interviews (n = 23), four focus group interviews (n = 18), usability tests (n = 3), and a field study (n = 4)...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284944/citizen-sensor-networks-to-confront-government-decision-makers-two-lessons-from-the-netherlands
#15
Linda Carton, Peter Ache
This paper presents one emerging social-technical innovation: The evolution of citizen-sensor-networks where citizens organize themselves from the 'bottom up', for the sake of confronting governance officials with measured information about environmental qualities. We have observed how citizen-sensor-networks have been initiated in the Netherlands in cases where official government monitoring and business organizations leave gaps. The formed citizen-sensor-networks collect information about issues that affect the local community in their quality-of-living...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284835/randomized-trial-of-a-peer-led-telephone-based-empowerment-intervention-for-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-improves-health-self-management
#16
Bethlyn Vergo Houlihan, Miriam Brody, Sarah Everhart-Skeels, Diana Pernigotti, Sam Burnett, Judi Zazula, Christa Green, Stathis Hasiotis, Timothy Belliveau, Subramani Seetharama, David Rosenblum, Alan Jette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of "My Care My Call" (MCMC), a peer-led, telephone-based health self-management intervention in adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial SETTING: General community PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 84 adults with SCI (X= 9.9 years post-SCI); X=46 years old; 73.8% male; 44% with paraplegia; and 58% White. INTERVENTIONS: Trained Peer Health Coaches (PHC) applied the person-centered health self-management intervention with 42 experimental subjects over 6 months on a tapered call schedule...
March 8, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284098/harm-reduction-as-a-strategy-for-supporting-people-who-self-harm-on-mental-health-wards-the-views-and-experiences-of-practitioners
#17
Karen James, Isaac Samuels, Paul Moran, Duncan Stewart
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction has had positive outcomes for people using sexual health and substance misuse services. Clinical guidance recommends these approaches may be appropriately adopted by mental health practitioners when managing some people who self-harm. There has, however, been very little research in this area. METHODS: We explored practitioners' views of harm reduction as a strategy for supporting people who self-harm. The Self Harm Antipathy Scale (SHAS) was administered to a random sample of 395 mental health practitioners working on 31 wards in England, semi-structured interviews were then conducted with 18 survey respondents...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283489/maternal-education-empowerment-economic-status-and-child-polio-vaccination-uptake-in-pakistan-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Muhammad Tahir Khan, Sidra Zaheer, Kashif Shafique
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association of maternal education and empowerment with childhood polio vaccination using nationally representative data of Pakistani mothers in a reproductive age group. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Secondary analysis of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS), 2012-2013 data was performed. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 13 558 mothers included in the survey sample, 6982 mothers were able to provide information regarding polio vaccinations...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283307/obstetric-fistula-and-sociocultural-practices-in-hausa-community-of-northern-nigeria
#19
Oluwakemi C Amodu, Bukola Salami, Solina Richter
BACKGROUND: Obstetric Fistula is a childbirth injury that disproportionately affects women in sub-Saharan Africa. Although poverty plays an important role in perpetuating obstetric fistula, sociocultural practices has a significant influence on susceptibility to the condition. AIM: This paper aims to explore narratives in the literature on obstetric fistula in the context of Hausa ethno-lingual community of Northern Nigeria and the potential role of nurses and midwives in addressing obstetric fistula...
March 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281148/patient-autonomy-and-quality-of-care-in-telehealthcare
#20
Giovanni Rubeis, Maximilian Schochow, Florian Steger
Telemedicine is a complex field including various applications and target groups. Especially telehealthcare is seen by many as a means to revolutionize medicine. It gives patients the opportunity to take charge of their own health by using self-tracking devices and allows health professionals to treat patients from a distance. To some, this means an empowerment of patient autonomy as well as an improvement in the quality of care. Others state the dangers of depersonalization of medicine and the pathologization of daily life...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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