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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228044/correction-the-importance-of-public-health-poverty-reduction-programs-and-women-s-empowerment-in-the-reduction-of-child-stunting-in-rural-areas-of-moramanga-and-morondava-madagascar
#1
Chitale Rabaoarisoa Remonja, Rado Rakotoarison, Nivo Heritiana Rakotonirainy, Reziky Tiandraza Mangahasimbola, Alain Berthin Randrianarisoa, Ronan Jambou, Inès Vigan-Womas, Patrice Piola, Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186493.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222700/perspectives-from-the-patient-and-the-healthcare-professional-in-multiple-sclerosis-social-media-and-participatory-medicine
#2
Daniel Kantor, Jeremy R Bright, Jeri Burtchell
When faced with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), patients often turn to the Internet and social media to find support groups, read about the experiences of other people affected by MS and seek their advice, and research their condition and treatment options to discuss with their healthcare professionals (HCPs). Here, we examine the use of social media and the Internet among patients with MS, considering its impact on patient empowerment and patient participation in treatment decision-making and MS research...
December 8, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221689/tissue-regeneration-the-crosstalk-between-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-immune-response
#3
Kai Qi, Na Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Gerry Melino
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exist in almost all tissues with the capability to differentiate into several different cell types and hold great promise in tissue repairs in a cell replacement manner. The study of the bidirectional regulation between MSCs and immune response has ushered an age of rethinking of tissue regeneration in the process of stem cell-based tissue repairs. By sensing damaged signals, both endogenous and exogenous MSCs migrate to the damaged site where they involve in the reconstitution of the immune microenvironment and empower tissue stem/progenitor cells and other resident cells, whereby facilitate tissue repairs...
December 2, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221529/the-effect-of-early-marriage-timing-on-women-s-and-children-s-health-in-sub-saharan-africa-and-southwest-asia
#4
Marcos Delprato, Kwame Akyeampong
BACKGROUND: Age of marriage is a barrier to mother's health care around pregnancy and children health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We provide evidence on the health benefits of postponing early marriage among young wives (from age 10-14 to age 15-17) on women's health care and children's health for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Southwest Asia (SWA). METHODS: We use data for 39 countries from the Demographic and Health Surveys to estimate the effects of postponing early marriage for women's health care and children's health outcomes and immunization using matching techniques...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220628/autobiographical-narration-as-a-tool-for-the-empowerment-of-older-adults-subjective-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-nursing-homes
#5
Federica Biassoni, Giada Cassina, Stefania Balzarotti
OBJECTIVES: Conceiving narration as a resource to promote older people's wellbeing, the present work aimed to implement a narrative-based intervention to empower the subjective and psychological wellbeing of older adults living in nursing homes. METHODS: Twenty-one nursing-home residents took part in a narrative training experience consisting of three weekly interview sessions. During each interview, a psychologist helped the participants to construct an autobiographical narrative about their present life in the nursing home based on a Deconstruction-Reconstruction technique...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219903/nursing-staff-perceptions-of-fall-risk-the-emergence-of-learned-helplessness-as-a-theme
#6
Terri Lea Gibson, Susan L Lloyd
Nurses and unlicensed assistive personnel on 2 medical-surgical units were asked about their perceptions regarding patient falls. Their responses reflect learned helplessness and a lack of nurse empowerment that are relevant findings as nurse executives work to decrease patient falls.
January 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214584/personalized-medicine-what-s-in-it-for-rare-diseases
#7
Sebastian Schee Genannt Halfmann, Laura Mählmann, Lada Leyens, Matthias Reumann, Angela Brand
Personalised Medicine has become a reality over the last years. The emergence of 'omics' and big data has started revolutionizing healthcare. New 'omics' technologies lead to a better molecular characterization of diseases and a new understanding of the complexity of diseases. The approach of PM is already successfully applied in different healthcare areas such as oncology, cardiology, nutrition and for rare diseases. However, health systems across the EU are often still promoting the 'one-size fits all' approach, even if it is known that patients do greatly vary in their molecular characteristics and response to drugs and other interventions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214580/primary-prevention-of-congenital-anomalies-special-focus-on-environmental-chemicals-and-other-toxicants-maternal-health-and-health-services-and-infectious-diseases
#8
Domenica Taruscio, Francesca Baldi, Pietro Carbone, Amanda J Neville, Giovanni Rezza, Caterina Rizzo, Alberto Mantovani
Congenital anomalies (CA) represent an important fraction of rare diseases, due to the critical role of non-genetic factors in their pathogenesis. CA are the main group of rare diseases in which primary prevention measures will have a beneficial impact. Indeed, since 2013 the European Union has endorsed a body of evidence-based recommendations for CA primary prevention; the recommendations aim at facilitating the inclusion of primary prevention actions the National Rare Disease Plans of EU Member States and encompass different public health fields, from environment through to maternal diseases and lifestyles...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214577/patient-empowerment-and-involvement-in-research
#9
Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, Amado Rivero-Santana, Analia Abt-Sacks, Ana Toledo-Chavarri, Noe Brito, Yolanda Álvarez-Pérez, Nerea González-Hernández, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
Patients with rare diseases often face difficulties in clinical care due to the low prevalence of their diseases and the resulting healthcare professionals' lack of expertise. Valid and standardized guidelines for clinical management are also lacking due to the scarcity of research and the variability of the clinical expressivity within each disease. In addition, in cases of rare diseases, the patient and health professional relationship may not fit with the traditional assumptions of medical care. Although the communication process between patients and healthcare professionals shares most of the general features of the standard patient-health professional interaction, rare diseases may be burdened with additional issues...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213334/measuring-the-empowerment-of-international-organizations-the-evolution-of-financial-and-staff-capabilities
#10
Eugénia Heldt, Henning Schmidtke
International organizations' (IOs) power in shaping global governance outcomes is not only determined by the formal delegation of tasks and issue areas but also by the necessary capabilities to fulfill these tasks. Yet, extant research on the delegation of power to IOs gives few insights into the financial and staff capabilities of IOs and focuses mainly on the formal rules that specify IOs' tasks and issue scope. To address these limitations, this paper makes three contributions. First, we propose a more encompassing concept of IO power which incorporates three principal components: tasks, issue scope, and capabilities...
August 2017: Global Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210472/hospital-pharmacists-and-patients-views-about-what-constitutes-effective-communication-between-pharmacists-and-patients
#11
Bernadette A M Chevalier, Bernadette M Watson, Michael A Barras, William N Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: The study's objective was to explore hospital pharmacists' and patients' views about what constitutes effective communication exchanges between pharmacists and patients. METHODS: This was a novel theory-based qualitative study using semi-structured interviews to elicit patients' and pharmacists' perspectives. Pharmacists providing clinical pharmacy services in either inpatient or outpatient settings were recruited first. Eligible patients had been admitted to a study pharmacist's practice area and were prescribed three or more medications to manage a chronic disease(s)...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209622/exploration-of-the-association-between-nurses-moral-distress-and-secondary-traumatic-stress-syndrome-implications-for-patient-safety-in-mental-health-services
#12
Maria Christodoulou-Fella, Nicos Middleton, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou, Maria N K Karanikola
Work-related moral distress (MD) and secondary traumatic stress syndrome (STSS) may be associated with compromised health status among health professionals, reduced productivity, and inadequate safety of care. We explored the association of MD with the severity of STSS symptoms, along with the mediating role of mental distress symptoms. Associations with emotional exhaustion and professional satisfaction were also assessed. This cross-sectional survey conducted in 206 mental health nurses (MHNs) was employed across public sector community and hospital settings in Cyprus...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206313/the-impact-of-using-peer-interviewers-in-a-study-of-patient-empowerment-amongst-people-in-cancer-follow-up
#13
Clara R Jørgensen, Nanna B Eskildsen, Thora G Thomsen, Inger D Nielsen, Anna T Johnsen
BACKGROUND: A range of benefits have been reported from engaging peer interviewers in qualitative interviews, but little systematic evaluation exists to assess their impact on both process and outcomes of qualitative interviews in health research. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of involving patient representatives as peer interviewers in a research project on patient empowerment. DESIGN: 18 interviews were carried out as part of the wider study, seven by the academic researcher alone and eleven jointly with a peer interviewer...
December 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205343/honest-open-proud-for-adolescents-with-mental-illness-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Nadine Mulfinger, Sabine Müller, Isabel Böge, Vehbi Sakar, Patrick W Corrigan, Sara Evans-Lacko, Luise Nehf, Julia Djamali, Anna Samarelli, Michael Kempter, Christian Ruckes, Gerhard Libal, Nathalie Oexle, Michele Noterdaeme, Nicolas Rüsch
BACKGROUND: Due to public stigma or self-stigma and shame, many adolescents with mental illness (MI) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their MI to others. Both disclosure and nondisclosure are associated with risks and benefits. Honest, Open, Proud (HOP) is a peer-led group program that supports participants with disclosure decisions in order to reduce stigma's impact. Previously, HOP had only been evaluated among adults with MI. METHODS: This two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial included 98 adolescents with MI...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204811/impact-of-a-patient-facing-enhanced-genomic-results-report-to-improve-understanding-engagement-and-communication
#15
Janet L Williams, Alanna Kulchak Rahm, Doris T Zallen, Heather Stuckey, Kara Fultz, Audrey L Fan, Michele Bonhag, Lynn Feldman, Michael M Segal, Marc S Williams
"The objective of this study was to" test the effectiveness of an enhanced genomic report on patient-centered outcome domains including communication, engagement and satisfaction. "Study design utilized" a prospective, randomized, mixed-methods desctiptive study of a whole genome sequencing results report, GenomeCOMPASS™, that was accessed by providers through the electronic health record and by patients through the associated patient portal. "The study was set in" an integrated healthcare delivery system in central Pennsylvania...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204777/correction-to-consistent-condom-use-by-female-sex-workers-in-kolkata-india-testing-theories-of-economic-insecurity-behavior-change-life-course-vulnerability-and-empowerment
#16
Anne E Fehrenbacher, Debasish Chowdhury, Toorjo Ghose, Dallas Swendeman
The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error. The authors would like to correct the error with this erratum.
December 4, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202534/-investigation-of-doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-and-implementation-of-delirium-management-in-intensive-care-unit
#17
H B Luo, X T Wang, B Tang, Z N Zhu, H L Guo, Z Z Li, J H Sun, D W Liu
Objective: To investigate doctors' and nurses' perceptions and implementation of delirium management in intensive care unit. Methods: A total of 197 doctors and nurses in 2 general ICUs and 3 special ICUs at Peking Union Medical College Hospital finished a self-designed questionnaire of delirium management. Results: There were 47 males and 150 females, 43 doctors and 154 nurses who participated in the survey.One hundred and twenty five participators were from general ICU and the others from special ICU. The ICU staff had a significant difference on the perceptions and implementation of delirium management(P< 0...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#18
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201588/reminders-make-people-adhere-better-to-a-self-help-sleep-intervention
#19
Corine Horsch, Sandor Spruit, Jaap Lancee, Rogier van Eijk, Robbert Jan Beun, Mark Neerincx, Willem-Paul Brinkman
The experiment presented in this paper investigated the effects of different kinds of reminders on adherence to automated parts of a cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) delivered via a mobile device. Previous studies report that computerized health interventions can be effective. However, treatment adherence is still an issue. Reminders are a simple technique that could improve adherence. A minimal intervention prototype in the realm of sleep treatment was developed to test the effects of reminders on adherence...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201460/early-diagnosis-of-hiv-among-infants-born-to-hiv-positive-mothers-on-option-b-plus-in-kampala-uganda
#20
Jonathan Izudi, Sylvia Auma, John Bosco Alege
Introduction: Globally, there is delay in accessing early HIV diagnosis (EID) among HIV exposed infants (HEIs). With paucity of data on EID use at Kisenyi Health Center, this study assessed factors associated with EID use among HEIs (HIV exposed infants). Method: This was a cross-sectional study of 246 HIV-positive mother-baby pairs. Data was collected by structured questionnaire, double-entered in EpiData, and analyzed with STATA using multinomial logistic regression at 5% significance level...
2017: AIDS Research and Treatment
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