keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Applied Psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036201/impact-of-social-separation-during-pregnancy-on-the-manifestation-of-defensive-behaviors-related-to-generalized-anxiety-and-panic-throughout-offspring-development
#1
Flaviane Cristina de Brito Guzzo Soliani, Rafael Cabbia, Matheus Fitipaldi Batistela, Amarylis Garcia Almeida, Vinícius Dias Kümpel, Luiz Yamauchi Junior, Telma Gonçalves Carneiro Spera de Andrade
The multiple insecurities, anatomical, physiological and psychological changes arising from the gestational period can generate an overload of stress in the mother and cause disturbances in the offspring, affecting it throughout its development. The existing analysis linking prenatal stress and offspring's anxiety have divergent results, being limited as to gestational week, type of stressor and age of progeny's assessment. Social separation has been described as a stressor that causes increase in anxiety. Thus, the present study evaluated the effects of social separation applied in one of the three gestational weeks of rat dams on the manifestation of the defensive behaviors related to generalized anxiety disorder and panic in the Elevated T Maze of the male progeny in three stages of development (1, 3 or 6 months of life)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035689/principles-and-challenges-of-applying-epigenetic-epidemiology-to-psychology
#2
Meaghan J Jones, Sarah R Moore, Michael S Kobor
Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Psychology Volume 69 is January 4, 2018. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035688/why-social-relationships-are-important-for-physical-health-a-systems-approach-to-understanding-and-modifying-risk-and-protection
#3
Julianne Holt-Lunstad
Social relationships are adaptive and crucial for survival. This review presents existing evidence that our social connections to others have powerful influences on health and longevity and that lacking social connection qualifies as a risk factor for premature mortality. A systems perspective is presented as a framework by which to move social connection into the realm of public health. Individuals, and health-relevant biological processes, exist within larger social contexts including the family, neighborhood and community, and society and culture...
October 16, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033606/the-pain-depression-disability-pathway-in-those-with-low-back-pain-a-moderation-analysis-of-health-locus-of-control
#4
Paul Campbell, Kate Hope, Kate M Dunn
Low back pain (LBP) is common, impacts on the individual and society, and is a major health concern. Psychological consequences of LBP, such as depression, are significant barriers to recovery, but mechanisms for the development of depression are less well understood. One potential mechanism is the individual's health locus of control (HLoC), that is, perception of the level of control an individual has over their health. The objective of this study is to investigate the moderation effect of HLoC on the pain-depression-disability pathway in those with LBP...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#5
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031471/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-3-decision-making-under-mental-performance-pressure-in-junior-elite-athletes
#6
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the decision making of world class elite and subelite athletes (see Parkin and Walsh, 2017; Parkin et al., 2017), here the abilities of those at the earliest stage of entry to elite sport are examined. Junior elite athletes have undergone initial national selection and are younger than athletes examined previously (mean age 13 years). Decision making under mental pressure is explored in this sample. During performance an athlete encounters a wide array of mental pressures; these include the psychological impact of errors, negative feedback, and requirements for sustained attention in a dynamic environment (Anshel and Wells, 2000; Mellalieu et al...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031469/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-2-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-subelite-athletes
#7
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the influence of acute physical exhaustion on decision-making in world-class elite athletes in Parkin et al. (2017), here a similar method is applied to subelite athletes. These subelite athletes were enrolled on a Team GB talent development program and were undergoing training for possible Olympic competition in 4-8 years. They differ from elite athletes examined previously according to expertise and age. While considered elite (Swann et al., 2015), the subelite athletes had approximately 8 years fewer sporting experience and were yet to obtain sustained success on the international stage...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031468/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-1-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-elite-athletes
#8
Beth L Parkin, Katie Warriner, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: The cognitive skills required during sport are highly demanding; accurate decisions based on the processing of dynamic environments are made in a fraction of a second (Walsh, 2014). Optimal decision-making abilities are crucial for success in sporting competition (Bar-Eli et al., 2011; Kaya, 2014). Moreover, for the elite athlete, decision making is required under conditions of intense mental and physical pressure (Anshel and Wells, 2000), yet much of the work in this area has largely ignored the highly stressful context in which athletes operate...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#9
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026724/lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women
#10
REVIEW
Ju-Hee Nho
Obesity produces various physical and psychological health risks in women, including effects on reproductive health. In particular, the possibility of infertility in obese women is high. Lifestyle interventions involving nutrition education, physical activity, and stress management have been shown to be effective in improving the health of obese subjects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply a lifestyle intervention program to promote reproductive health in obese women.
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025269/toward-a-qualitative-understanding-of-binge-watching-behaviors-a-focus-group-approach
#11
Maèva Flayelle, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Background and aims Binge-watching (i.e., seeing multiple episodes of the same TV series in a row) now constitutes a widespread phenomenon. However, little is known about the psychological factors underlying this behavior, as reflected by the paucity of available studies, most merely focusing on its potential harmfulness by applying the classic criteria used for other addictive disorders without exploring the uniqueness of binge-watching. This study thus aimed to take the opposite approach as a first step toward a genuine understanding of binge-watching behaviors through a qualitative analysis of the phenomenological characteristics of TV series watching...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024821/improving-the-efficiency-of-psychological-treatment-using-outcome-feedback-technology
#12
Jaime Delgadillo, Karen Overend, Mike Lucock, Martin Groom, Naomi Kirby, Dean McMillan, Simon Gilbody, Wolfgang Lutz, Julian A Rubel, Kim de Jong
AIMS: This study evaluated the impact of applying computerized outcome feedback (OF) technology in a stepped care psychological service offering low and high intensity therapies for depression and anxiety. METHODS: A group of therapists were trained to use OF based on routine outcome monitoring using depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7) measures. Therapists regularly reviewed expected treatment response graphs with patients and discussed cases that were "not on track" in clinical supervision...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023546/steroid-hormones-and-psychological-responses-to-soccer-matches-insights-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Maamer Slimani, Julien S Baker, Foued Cheour, Lee Taylor, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the perturbations in hormonal and psychological homeostasis in response to soccer match-play. These perturbations were explored according to match outcome (i.e., win versus loss), gender, type of contest (i.e., competitive versus non-competitive fixtures) and competitive level (i.e., novice versus high-level). The review was conducted according to the Population/Intervention or Exposure/Comparison/Outcome(s) (PICO) criteria and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022368/the-impact-of-environmental-design-on-teamwork-and-communication-in-healthcare-facilities-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Arsalan Gharaveis, D Kirk Hamilton, Debajyoti Pati
The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the current knowledge about the impact of healthcare facility design on teamwork and communication by exploring the relevant literature. Teamwork and communication are behavioral factors that are impacted by physical design. However, the effects of environmental factors on teamwork and communication have not been investigated extensively in healthcare design literature. There are no published systematic reviews on the current topic. Searches were conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar databases in addition to targeted design journals including Health Environmental Research & Design, Environment and Behavior, Environmental Psychology, and Applied Ergonomics...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022074/probable-psychiatric-disorder-in-a-rural-community-of-west-bengal-india
#15
Anamitra Barik, Sujit Sarkhel, Saugata Basu, Abhijit Chowdhury, Rajesh Kumar Rai
PURPOSE: India faces multiple challenges to mitigate a high burden of psychiatric disorders. The risk of developing psychiatric disorder among the rural Indian population is poorly investigated. This study aims to understand the factors associated with probable psychiatric disorder (PPD) among a select rural Indian population. METHODS: Data from the Birbhum population project of the society for health and demographic surveillance, West Bengal, India, were utilized...
October 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020703/-public-health-education-in-health-related-study-programs-in-germany-perspectives-from-course-coordinators
#16
Jutta Lindert, Annette Wehrwein, David Klemperer, Ulla Walter
Introduction Public health education in Germany takes place in public health courses and in health-related study courses. We aim to provide data and knowledge on structure and content of health-related study courses and on cooperation between universities and/or Universities of Applied Sciences. Methods We conducted an online-based cross-sectional study (01.6. - 15.9.2015), involving 93 universities and Universities of Applied Sciences in Germany. Herewith we addressed 351 study course coordinators. We included course coordinators from universities and Universities of Applied Sciences who were members of the German Association of Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) or in the Association Universities for Health (HOGE)...
October 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019055/psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-with-incurable-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#17
Yu-Chien Liao, Wei-Yu Liao, Jia-Ling Sun, Jen-Chung Ko, Chong-Jen Yu
PURPOSE: Limited research has focused on women with lung cancer (LC) although they are recognized as the most vulnerable to psychological distress. This study explored in-depth the psychological distress experienced by women with incurable LC and analyzed the coping strategies with which they manage that distress. METHODS: A qualitative methodology with in-depth interviews was employed for 34 women with advanced or recurrent LC. An inductive data-driven thematic analysis was applied to analyze transcripts...
October 10, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#18
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017597/estimating-the-economic-and-social-consequences-for-patients-diagnosed-with-human-african-trypanosomiasis-in-muchinga-lusaka-and-eastern-provinces-of-zambia-2004-2014
#19
Allan Mayaba Mwiinde, Martin Simuunza, Boniface Namangala, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Noreen Machila, Neil Anderson, Alexandra Shaw, Susan C Welburn
BACKGROUND: Acute human African trypanosomiasis (rHAT) caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense is associated with high mortality and is fatal if left untreated. Only a few studies have examined the psychological, social and economic impacts of rHAT. In this study, mixed qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to evaluate the socio-economic impacts of rHAT in Mambwe, Rufunsa, Mpika and Chama Districts of Zambia. METHODS: Individuals diagnosed with rHAT from 2004 to 2014 were traced using hospital records and discussions with communities...
October 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016173/adaptability-what-it-is-and-what-it-is-not-comment-on-chandra-and-leong-2016
#20
Andrew J Martin
Chandra and Leong (2016) propose a new model of adaptability: the diversified portfolio model (DPM) of adaptability. Further thought and research on adaptability is a welcome addition to the limited body of work conducted on this topic to date. However, in their discussion there is a lack of definitional clarity, and there is frequent conflation of adaptability and resilience. It is also the case that the hypothesized adaptability model is general and could apply to many psychological constructs and processes (not just adaptability)...
October 2017: American Psychologist
keyword
keyword
64202
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"