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Uterine Rupture

Semih Zeki Uludag, Mehmet Serdar Kutuk, Mehmet Dolanbay, Mahmut Tuncay Ozgun, Gunel Eliyeva, Ozguc Altun
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of local intracavitary methotrexate (MTX) injection and laparoscopic (L/S) cornuostomy in the treatment of interstitial pregnancy (IP) in terms of clinical and reproductive outcome. The data of patients with IP (n:10) who were treated between September 2011 and December 2016 with either an intra-amniotic MTX injection (n:7) or L/S cornuostomy (n:3) were retrospectively evaluated. All cases (7/7) in the local injection group and two (2/3) in the L/S group were successfully treated with the initial treatment...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Emily Aherne, Katie Beauchamp, Niamh Maher, Thomas Walsh, William Boyd, Maeve Eogan, Leo Lawler
A 32-year-old primiparous woman presented with severe abdominal pain at 21 weeks' gestation. Background history of laparoscopy for chronic pelvic pain and a spontaneous miscarriage was noted. On examination, she was peritonitic and tachycardic with low grade fever and anemia. MRI abdomen demonstrated a uterine rupture with a large cap of clotted blood overlying the uterine fundus with the appearance of a "shower cap" and large volume haemoperitoneum, the presumptive diagnosis was uterine rupture with placental extrusion...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
S C Seah, S A L Laili, A Hairiah, A G Ab Rahim
Caesarean scar implantation is one of the rarest form of ectopic pregnancies and most unwanted complication of caesarean scar. However, with the increasing numbers of caesarean section performed, caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) may be on the rise. The diagnosis is often difficult, but establishing an accurate diagnosis of CSP in the early first trimester is utmost important to prevent its detrimental consequences of uterine rupture and fatal haemorrhage. Hence, we present a case to highlight the role of imaging in diagnosing and managing this condition to prevent its associated high morbidity and mortality...
February 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Jacques Donnez, Olivier Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Like endometriosis, uterine adenomyosis is another enigmatic disease and remains a source of controversy. Uterine adenomyosis is characterized by the presence of endometrial glands in the myometrium. Two main theories may explain its pathogenesis: adenomyosis may arise from invagination of the myometrial basalis into the myometrium; or an alternative theory maintains that it may result from metaplasia of displaced embryonic pluripotent müllerian remants or differentiation of adult stem cells. Uterine adenomyosis is responsible for pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and infertility...
March 8, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Li Jiang, Fengyun Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Novera G Chughtai, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi
The management of puerperal hematomas after normal delivery has always been challenging for obstetricians. Vulvar, vulvovaginal, or paravaginal hematomas are common. On the other hand, retroperitoneal hematomas are uncommon and can be life-threatening. The diagnosis of vascular injury is rarely made preoperatively as atonic or traumatic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), uterine rupture and amniotic fluid embolism are more common differential diagnoses. Injury to internal pudendal and uterine vessels is extremely rare in cases of vaginal delivery and, therefore, the literature on this topic is very scarce...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Amenda Ann Davis
Uterine perforation during hysteroscopic operative procedures is a potential complication well known to gynaecologists. Uterine septa are a commonly encountered Müllerian anomaly related to pregnancy loss and infertility. Hysteroscopic resection of septa has shown to improve pregnancy outcome. There are limited case reports of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies after hysteroscopic septal resection. Our patient had a hysteroscopic septal resection done a year prior which was complicated by a uterine fundal perforation, left to spontaneously heal after immediate sealing with cautery...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Cheng Shi Chen, Sohee Park, Ji Hoon Shin, Yasir Nouri, Jong-Woo Kim, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Gi-Young Ko
Background Endovascular treatment has become a significant therapeutic option for the management of intractable bleeding in gynecologic malignancies. However, the endovascular treatment types were almost never mentioned when active bleeding from different arteries was identified. Purpose To present angiographic details and evaluate clinical efficacy of endovascular treatments to control active vaginal bleeding in uterine cervical cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Material and Methods In this retrospective study, six, consecutive cervical cancer patients treated with radiotherapy who underwent endovascular treatment for active vaginal bleeding were included...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Ashraf Sadat Mousavi, Neda Hashemi, Maryam Kashanian, Narges Sheikhansari, Arash Bordbar, Shayesteh Parashi
The study was performed on pregnant women with a gestational age of 26-32 weeks of pregnancy, who had been admitted to the hospital with a confirmed diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes. In all eligible women, ultrasounds were performed for the evaluation of amniotic fluid index. Then, the women were divided into two groups according to amniotic fluid index of ≥5 cm and <5 cm. These women were followed and monitored up to delivery. The women of the two groups did not have significant difference between them according to age, gestational age at the time of ruptured membrane, body mass index, gravidity, parity, gestational age at delivery and route of delivery...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Howieda Fouly, Fayza Ahmed Abdou, Ahmed M Abbas, Ayat Masoud Omar
Maternal deaths remain high, numbers at the facility level are relatively low. AIM: To evaluate effect of management guidelines on occurrence of maternal near miss in Women's Health Hospital. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: ICU of Women's Health Hospital's at Assiut Main University Hospital and Al-fayoum University Hospital. SUBJECTS: Convenient sample of 93 maternal near-miss cases including (Pregnancy or postpartum complications)...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Mark P Hehir, Dwight J Rouse, Russell S Miller, Cande V Ananth, Jason D Wright, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E DʼAlton, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To characterize probabilities of vaginal delivery based on second-stage duration along with maternal and neonatal risks for women undergoing labor after cesarean delivery. METHODS: This unplanned secondary analysis of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Cesarean Registry, a prospective observational cohort, assessed outcomes in women with a prior uterine scar and included women with a previous cesarean delivery without prior vaginal delivery who reached the second stage of labor...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Wendy Dendas, Jean-Christophe Schobbens, Greet Mestdagh, Liesbeth Meylaerts, Geert Verswijvel, Caroline Van Holsbeke
Objective: To report a case of heterotopic interstitial pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), presenting with a second trimester uterine rupture. To review the clinical presentations, risk factors, treatment options, and outcome of heterotopic interstitial pregnancies. Methods: We describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of a patient with a heterotopic interstitial pregnancy, diagnosed following second trimester rupture of the interstitial pregnancy...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Antonio Simone Laganà, Luis Alonso Pacheco, Andrea Tinelli, Sergio Haimovich, Jose Carugno, Fabio Ghezzi
Current data suggest the development of isthmocele in approximately 60% after a primary caesarean section (CS) and 100% after three CSs. In cases where myometrial thickness is greater than 3 mm, hysteroscopic treatment of cesarean-induced isthmocele represents a feasible and safe approach; conversely, when myometrial thickness is less than 3 mm, the laparoscopic approach should be favored due to risk of uterine perforation and bladder injury. Considering the lack of available evidence, and the need of a clear indication to counsel our patients, the members of this committee concur in recommending to strongly encourage patients to wait at least 3 months after the procedure to conceive...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Yavuz Emre Şükür, Betül Yakıştıran, Batuhan Özmen, Murat Sönmezer, Bülent Berker, Cem Atabekoğlu
AIM: To compare the surgical results and reproductive performances of patients with ESHRE/ESGE (European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology/European Society for Gynaecologic Endoscopy) class U1a and U2b uterine anomalies after hysteroscopic correction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a university hospital infertility clinic. Ninety-six patients with class U2b (complete septate uterus) and 78 patients with class U1a (T-shaped uterus) uterine anomalies who underwent hysteroscopic correction between January 2009 and December 2015 were recruited...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
Yalda Afshar, Khalil Tabsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Shi-Yi Liu, Bin Zeng, Jiang-Bei Deng
RATIONALE: A rare case of massive bleeding with rupture of the branch artery deriving from uterine artery was reported in the present study. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year old female patient received embolism of malformed cerebral vessels. Ten hours after the operation, a sudden drop in blood pressure occurred. The patient developed coma and shock, and again underwent interventional angiography, which revealed bleeding at the right femoral artery puncture site of the first interventional procedure...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Şahin Zeteroğlu, Melisa Aslan, Bertan Akar, Rukiye Ada Bender, Alper Başbuğ, Eray Çalışkan
Uterine rupture during pregnancy is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates in both the fetus and the mother. Hysteroscopic surgeries such as myomectomy and septum resection are known risk factors for uterine rupture in pregnancy following the operation. We present four infertile patients who were admitted to Kocaeli Medical Park Hospital between February 2014 and November 2016. Three of the patients underwent hysteroscopic septum resection without complication and one had hysteroscopic myomectomy and a 7-8 mm sized rupture was detected...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sarah C Lassey, Julian N Robinson, Anjali J Kaimal, Sarah E Little
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare spontaneous labor outcomes in women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and nulliparas to better counsel women. STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year retrospective cohort. We included women at term in spontaneous labor with vertex singletons and no more than one prior cesarean delivery. In planned secondary analysis, we focused on a subset of women with a prior cesarean and a predicted likelihood of a successful vaginal delivery of 70% or more based on the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units-vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) calculator...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
Preterm birth is a prevalent cause of neonatal deaths worldwide. Inflammation has been implicated in spontaneous preterm birth involved in the processes of uterine contractility and membrane rupture. Parkinson protein 7 (PARK7) has been found to play an inflammatory role in non-gestational tissues. The aims of this study were to determine the expression of PARK7 in myometrium and fetal membranes with respect to term labour onset and to elucidate the effect of PARK7 silencing in primary myometrium and amnion cells on pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators...
February 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Maya Ram, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Daniel Nassie, Anat Lavie, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
PURPOSE: To stratify maternal and neonatal outcomes of trials of labor after previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) by gestational age. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all singleton pregnancies with one previous cesarean delivery in TOLAC at term between 2007 and 2014. We compared outcomes of delivery at an index gestational week, with outcomes of women who remained undelivered at this index gestational week (ongoing pregnancy). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were adjusted for maternal age, previous vaginal delivery, induction of labor, epidural use, presence of meconium, and birth weight > 4000 g...
January 22, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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