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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421833/choice-of-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-and-association-with-likelihood-of-success
#1
Leanna S Sudhof, Phinnara Has, Dwight J Rouse, Brenna L Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the predicted chance of success is associated with the choice to undergo trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women with a single prior nonelective cesarean delivering a term singleton in 2012 at a tertiary care hospital. A vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) score (likelihood of success) was estimated for each patient. The primary outcome was percentage of women choosing TOLAC among women with favorable (> 70% likelihood) and unfavorable VBAC scores...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365328/outcomes-of-spontaneous-labor-in-women-undergoing-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-as-compared-with-nulliparous-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Sarah C Lassey, Julian N Robinson, Anjali J Kaimal, Sarah E Little
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare spontaneous labor outcomes in women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and nulliparas to better counsel women. STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year retrospective cohort. We included women at term in spontaneous labor with vertex singletons and no more than one prior cesarean delivery. In planned secondary analysis, we focused on a subset of women with a prior cesarean and a predicted likelihood of a successful vaginal delivery of 70% or more based on the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units-vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) calculator...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356955/trial-of-labor-following-one-previous-cesarean-delivery-the-effect-of-gestational-age
#3
Maya Ram, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Daniel Nassie, Anat Lavie, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
PURPOSE: To stratify maternal and neonatal outcomes of trials of labor after previous cesarean delivery (TOLAC) by gestational age. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all singleton pregnancies with one previous cesarean delivery in TOLAC at term between 2007 and 2014. We compared outcomes of delivery at an index gestational week, with outcomes of women who remained undelivered at this index gestational week (ongoing pregnancy). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were adjusted for maternal age, previous vaginal delivery, induction of labor, epidural use, presence of meconium, and birth weight > 4000 g...
January 22, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356333/limitations-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-success-prediction
#4
Patrick Thornton
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine endorses an algorithm for estimating the probability of successful vaginal birth for women undergoing trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). The algorithm is available online in the form of an easy-to-use calculator. This calculator has significant limitations that are easily overlooked by women and providers alike. The calculator has much greater positive than negative predictive power, and it cannot predict unsuccessful TOLAC or uterine rupture. Furthermore, the calculator cannot predict rare catastrophes, such as unplanned hysterectomy, permanent injury, or death...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185016/the-radiological-myometrial-appearance-after-cesarean-section-is-it-associated-with-postpartum-complications-and-subsequent-delivery-outcome
#5
Naama R Bogot, Misagv Rottenstreich, Rinad M Nabulsi, Yonatan Turner, Rivka Farkash, Arnon Samueloff, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the characteristics of the radiological uterine myometrial discontinuity (RMD) is associated with maternal-neonatal outcomes and post-cesarean section (CS) complications. A secondary aim was to describe the evolution of the CT uterine surgical incision and the related outcome of a subsequent trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC). METHODS: Single center retrospective cohort study of CT scans was performed within 6 weeks from cesarean delivery...
November 28, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172787/adverse-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-section-at-term-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-maternal-obesity
#6
Ruofan Yao, Sarah D Crimmins, Stephen A Contag, Jerome N Kopelman, Katherine R Goetzinger
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with higher risks for intrapartum complications. Therefore, we sought to determine if trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) will lead to higher maternal and neonatal complications compared to repeat cesarean section (RCD). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of singleton nonanomalous births between 37 and 42 weeks GA complicated by maternal obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2) and history of one or two previous cesarean deliveries...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136026/operative-technique-at-caesarean-delivery-and-risk-of-complete-uterine-rupture-in-a-subsequent-trial-of-labour-at-term-a-registry-case-control-study
#7
Dorthe L A Thisted, Laust H Mortensen, Lone Hvidman, Lone Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relation of single-layer closure at previous caesarean delivery, and other pre-labour and intra-partum risk factors for complete uterine rupture in trial of vaginal birth after a caesarean (TOLAC) at term. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. We identified all women (n = 39 742) recorded in the Danish Medical Birth Registry (DMBR) during a 12-year period (1997-2008) with a singleton pregnancy at term and TOLAC. Among these, all women with a complete uterine rupture were identified (cases)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082725/upcoming-strategies-in-obstetrics-how-the-technology-of-clinical-audit-may-reduce-cesarean-birth
#8
Sara Paracchini, Bianca Masturzo, Domenico Tangolo, Enrica Roletti, Annalisa Piazzese, Rossella Attini, Alessandro Rolfo, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is currently increasing all over Europe. In Italy it reaches 38% of all child births. Therefore, it is important to identify the clinical and organizational variables that determine the appropriateness of elective cesarean delivery. With this aim we chose the technology of clinical audit, a process that promotes improvement in clinical practice through systematic review of clinical care in relation with explicit standards derived from scientific literature...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078947/vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-trends-which-way-is-the-pendulum-swinging
#9
REVIEW
James Sargent, Aaron B Caughey
The cesarean delivery rate has plateaued at 32%; concurrently, after peaking in the mid-1990s, trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) rates have declined. Less than 25% of women with a prior cesarean delivery attempt a future TOLAC. This decreasing trend in TOLAC is caused by inadequate resource availability, malpractice concerns, and lack of knowledge in patients and providers regarding the perceived risks and benefits. This article outlines the factors influencing recent vaginal birth after cesarean trends in addition to reviewing the maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with TOLAC, specifically in high-risk populations...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064970/practice-bulletin-no-184-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#10
(no author information available yet)
Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level, VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and a decreased risk of complications in future pregnancies as well as a decrease in the overall cesarean delivery rate at the population level (1-3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064964/practice-bulletin-no-184-summary-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#11
(no author information available yet)
Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level, VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and a decreased risk of complications in future pregnancies as well as a decrease in the overall cesarean delivery rate at the population level (1-3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052016/prediction-of-vaginal-birth-after-one-ceasarean-delivery-for-non-progressive-labor
#12
Yossi Mizrachi, Elad Barber, Michal Kovo, Jacob Bar, Samuel Lurie
PURPOSE: A model exists that predicts the probability of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). That model is not stratified by indication at first cesarean. The aim of the study was to identify factors that may predict successful VBAC in patients operated for arrest of dilatation or descent at their first cesarean. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all women with trials of labor after one cesarean (TOLAC) for non-progressive labor between November 2008 and October 2015 was performed (n = 231)...
October 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810843/trial-of-labour-or-elective-repeat-caesarean-delivery-are-women-making-an-informed-decision-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#13
Phocas Biraboneye S, Omondi Ogutu, Jos van Roosmalen, Samson Wanjala, Kizito Lubano, John Kinuthia
BACKGROUND: Trial of labour is a safe option for most women after one previous caesarean delivery. However, the proportion of women attempting trial of labour after previous caesarean delivery (TOLAC) has been declining in many countries. In addition, women with prior caesarean delivery appear to know little regarding their mode of delivery and healthcare providers' recommendations. The doctors' preferences exert a strong influence on patient's decision whether or not to pursue TOLAC...
August 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730610/effect-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-on-trial-of-labour-after-caesarean-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Anna C E McDonald, Michelle R Wise, John M Thompson
BACKGROUND: Counselling women for and managing birth after caesarean section are important. Research is needed on evaluation of antenatal factors that predict likelihood of successful trial of labour after caesarean section (TOLAC). AIM: To evaluate the effect of gestational weight gain on mode of delivery in women having TOLAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of eligible women who underwent TOLAC (January 2012 to July 2015) at a large urban hospital...
July 21, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699093/evaluating-facility-based-decision-making-in-women-with-a-prior-cesarean-delivery-and-association-with-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes
#15
Adeline Adwoa Boatin, Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, Blair Johnson Wylie, Samuel A Obed
Objective To describe facility-based decision-making for women with one prior cesarean delivery (CD) in a resource-limited setting and to characterize maternal and perinatal outcomes in these groups. Methods One year retrospective study of women with one prior CD delivering at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Ghana. Women were categorized into three groups based on initial plan of management on admission [trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC), emergency repeat CD (EMCD) or non-emergent repeat CD (RCD)]. Characteristics and outcomes across these groups were then compared...
September 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672756/induction-of-labor-in-patients-with-an-unfavorable-cervix-after-a-cesarean-using-an-osmotic-dilator-versus-vaginal-prostaglandin
#16
Josefine T Maier, Melanie Metz, Nina Watermann, Linna Li, Elisabeth Schalinski, Ulrich Gauger, Werner Rath, Lars Hellmeyer
BACKGROUND: Trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) is a viable option for safe delivery. In some cases cervical ripening and subsequent labor induction is necessary. However, the commonly used prostaglandins are not licensed in this subgroup of patients and are associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture. METHODS: This cohort study compares maternal and neonatal outcomes of TOLAC in women (n=82) requiring cervical ripening agents (osmotic dilator vs. prostaglandins)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622143/epidural-analgesia-at-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-tolac-a-significant-adjunct-to-successful-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-vbac
#17
Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Maayan Bas-Lando, Lior Drukker, Fred Haouzi, Rivka Farkash, Arnon Samueloff, Alexander Ioscovich
INTRODUCTION: Epidural analgesia has been considered a risk factor for labor dystocia at trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) and uterine rupture. We evaluated the association between exposure to epidural during TOLAC and mode of delivery and maternal-neonatal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single center retrospective study of women that consented to TOLAC within a strict protocol between 2006 and 2013. Epidural "users" were compared to "non-users". Primary outcome was the mode of delivery: repeat in-labor cesarean or vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573941/neonatal-outcomes-following-a-trial-of-labor-after-caesarean-delivery-a-population-based-study
#18
Charles Edward Litwin, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrew Zakhari, Haim Arie Abenhaim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the neonatal effects of trial of labor after Caesarean (TOLAC) births. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using the CDC's Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Public Use File (2011-2013) on women with a live singleton pregnancy and prior Caesarean delivery. Multivariate logistic regression compared neonatal outcomes between women who underwent a TOLAC with women who did not. Secondary analysis compared outcomes of birth with uterine rupture to those without...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530086/-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-in-twin-gestations-does-it-increase-maternal-or-neonatal-complications
#19
Hagit Diamant, Rania Okby, Majdi Imterat, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rate, success and pregnancy outcome following a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) in twin gestations. Study design: A retrospective study including all twin pregnancies with a single prior cesarean delivery between the years 2006 to 2011 was performed. Women with medical indications for cesarean delivery (CD) were excluded. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between women who delivered by CD to those who underwent TOLAC. Stratified analysis using a multiple logistic regression model was performed to control for confounders...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511577/sonographic-assessment-of-the-lower-uterine-segment-during-active-labor-in-women-with-or-without-a-uterine-scar-a-prospective-study
#20
Eran Barzilay, Amir Shay, Hila Lahav-Ezra, Avi Shina, Sharon Perlman, Reuven Achiron, Yinon Gilboa
OBJECTIVES: No study thus far has evaluated the LUS thickness in active labor. In this study, we endeavored to assess the LUS during active labor. METHODS: Using transabdominal sonography in the mid-sagittal position with a full urinary bladder, the thickness of the LUS was measured during active labor phase in women with or without a history of a previous cesarean section. RESULTS: A total of 28 women with a previous cesarean delivery were compared to 29 women without a history of uterine surgery...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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