keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Head neck

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/the-pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#1
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245096/pre-and-post-operative-evaluation-of-pincer-type-femoroacetabular-impingement-during-squat-using-image-matching-techniques-a-case-report
#2
Kensei Yoshimoto, Satoshi Hamai, Hidehiko Higaki, Hirotaka Gondo, Satoru Ikebe, Yasuharu Nakashima
INTRODUCTION: Although combined evaluation of hip joint kinematics and bone morphology is necessary for accurate assessment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), there are no report which evaluated hip kinematics of pincer-type FAI. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The pre- and postoperative hip kinematics of a 46-year-old man, with a pincer-type FAI during squat were evaluated using image-matching techniques and the rim-neck distance was measured. Preoperative simulation of squatting was also performed using patient's bone models and healthy subject's kinematics data to detect the overlapping lesion between the acetabulum and the femur...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244985/malignancy-related-hypercalcemia-in-advanced-solid-tumors-survival-outcomes
#3
Ricardo Emanuel de Oliveira Ramos, Milena Perez Mak, Michel Fabiano Silva Alves, Gustavo Henrique Munhoz Piotto, Tiago Kenji Takahashi, Leonardo Gomes da Fonseca, Marina Cavalcanti Maroja Silvino, Paulo Marcelo Hoff, Gilberto de Castro
Purpose Malignancy-related hypercalcemia (MRH) is associated with a dismal prognosis. The widespread use of bisphosphonates (BPs), availability of more effective drugs in cancer treatment, and improvement in supportive care might have attenuated its impact. Patients and Methods To assess overall survival (OS) of patients with MRH in a contemporary setting, we conducted a retrospective analysis of 306 patients with solid cancer hospitalized for symptomatic hypercalcemia. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed to evaluate possible prognostic factors associated with MRH...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244704/nonunion-of-a-nondisplaced-radial-neck-fracture-a-case-report
#4
John G Coury, Zachary C Lum, Marc A Trzeciak
CASE: We describe the case of a 66-year-old man who sustained a nondisplaced radial neck fracture and subsequently developed a symptomatic nonunion. After a period of unsuccessful conservative treatment, a radial head resection was performed. CONCLUSION: Radial neck fractures, unlike their radial head counterparts, have a low rate of nonunion. Our patient's only positive risk factor was age, but he developed a nonunion. At the 2-year follow-up after excision of the radial head, there was a lack of proximal migration of the radius during axial loading, demonstrating a positive outcome without the need for replacement of the radial head...
July 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244630/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-bloodstream-infections-in-patients-with-solid-tumors-in-a-central-american-population-at-mexico-hospital-san-jose-costa-rica
#5
Jorge Calvo-Lon, Denis U Landaverde, Allan Ramos-Esquivel, Juan M Villalobos-Vindas
Purpose Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are an important cause of mortality in patients with solid tumors. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the epidemiologic profile and mortality of patients with solid tumors who have BSIs and were admitted to Mexico Hospital. This is the first study in Costa Rica and Central America describing the current epidemiologic situation. Methods We analyzed the infectious disease database for BSIs in patients with solid tumors admitted to Mexico Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244150/risk-and-prognostic-factors-for-multiple-primary-carcinomas-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#6
Seiji Hosokawa, Goro Takahashi, Jun Okamura, Atsushi Imai, Daiki Mochizuki, Yoshinori Takizawa, Takashi Yamatodani, Kiyoshi Misawa, Hiroyuki Mineta
Background: Unexpected multiple primary carcinomas (MPCs) that develop in patients with head and neck carcinomas complicate approaches to their management. We therefore investigated the clinical factors associated with survival outcomes after the treatment of MPCs. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of records of 1104 patients who underwent treatment for primary head and neck carcinoma at Hamamatsu University Hospital. We evaluated clinical staging, age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, the primary tumor site (particularly the involvement of the mucosal epithelial lining of the aerodigestive tract), and overall survival (OS) as determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis...
December 13, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243157/why-is-a-prone-sleeping-position-dangerous-for-certain-infants
#7
Roger W Byard, Fiona Bright, Robert Vink
The prone (face down) sleeping position is known to be associated with a significantly increased risk of sudden and unexpected death in infancy (sudden infant death syndrome or SIDS), however, the reasons for this are unclear. Suggested mechanisms have involved suffocation from occlusion of the external airways by soft bedding/pillows or from flattening of the nose with backward displacement of the tongue, rebreathing of carbon dioxide, blunting of arousal responses with decreased cardiac responses to auditory stimulation, diaphragmatic splinting or fatigue, lowering of vasomotor tone with tachycardia, nasopharyngeal bacterial overgrowth, overheating, alteration of sleep patterns, compromise of cerebral blood flow and upper airway obstruction from distortion of nasal cartilages...
December 14, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243047/role-of-%C3%AE-catenin-in-cisplatin-resistance-relapse-and-prognosis-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Souvick Roy, Madhabananda Kar, Shomereeta Roy, Arka Saha, Swatishree Padhi, Birendranath Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common types of cancer in India with high incidence and rapid recurrence rates. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of β-catenin, a developmental pathway gene, in HNSCC therapy resistance, DNA damage response, recurrence and prognosis. METHODS: In total 80 HNSCC samples were included. Western blot, immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR analyses were performed to assess β-catenin expression in the cut margin and tumor areas of each sample...
December 14, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242956/-odontogenic-tumours-and-bone-tumours-of-the-jaw-changes-in-the-new-who-classification
#9
REVIEW
D Baumhoer
At the beginning of 2017, the fourth edition of the WHO Classification of Head and Neck Tumours was published, 12 years after the previous version. Notably, various changes introduced in the third edition have been revised so in some aspects the current classification has more similarities to the second edition of 1992 than to the third edition. A central goal of the editors was to create a classification that can be used worldwide. Molecular findings have therefore been included and updated but are not mandatory for establishing a diagnosis...
December 14, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242826/a-triassic-plesiosaurian-skeleton-and-bone-histology-inform-on-evolution-of-a-unique-body-plan
#10
Tanja Wintrich, Shoji Hayashi, Alexandra Houssaye, Yasuhisa Nakajima, P Martin Sander
Secondary marine adaptation is a major pattern in amniote evolution, accompanied by specific bone histological adaptations. In the aftermath of the end-Permian extinction, diverse marine reptiles evolved early in the Triassic. Plesiosauria is the most diverse and one of the longest-lived clades of marine reptiles, but its bone histology is least known among the major marine amniote clades. Plesiosaurians had a unique and puzzling body plan, sporting four evenly shaped pointed flippers and (in most clades) a small head on a long, stiffened neck...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242788/obturator-dislocation-of-hip-with-ipsilateral-fracture-neck-femur-a-case-report
#11
Sumit Kumar Jain, Parit Aggarwal, Arun Yadav
Introduction: Traumatic dislocation of the hip with ipsilateral fracture neck femur is a rare injury because of the different mechanism of both these injuries. The management of such injuries is a challenge as the chances of nonunion and avascular necrosis of femoral head are very high with fixation methods. We report a case of obturator dislocation of the hip with ipsilateral fracture neck of the femur which was treated with uncemented total hip replacement. Case Report: A 32-year-old male sustained obturator dislocation with ipsilateral fracture neck femur following road traffic accident...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242731/recurrent-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-the-parotid-gland-imaged-with-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#12
William Makis, E W Hudson, Brian Chiu
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is an extremely rare tumor with only 67 cases of head and neck FDCS reported in the literature. A 65-year-old female had a 6-cm follicular dendritic cell sarcoma resected from the left parotid gland with close margins. It recurred 1 year later as a 5-cm mass that was intensely [18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) avid on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and was re-excised. A follow-up PET/CT did not show any metastatic disease. The use of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the management of FDCS warrants further research...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242648/enhancing-airway-assessment-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-pathology-using-virtual-endoscopy
#13
Imran Ahmad, Oliver Keane, Sarah Muldoon
Studies have demonstrated that poor assessment and planning contribute to airway complications and that current airway assessment strategies have a poor diagnostic accuracy in predicting difficult intubation in the general population. Patients with head and neck pathology are at higher risk for difficulties during airway management and are more likely to need emergency surgical access. Therefore, thorough assessment of this group of patients is mandatory. The addition of virtual endoscopy (VE) to clinical history and computerised tomography imaging has been shown to improve diagnostic accuracy for supraglottic, glottic and infraglottic lesions and has a positive influence in formulating a more cautious and thorough airway management strategy in this high-risk group of patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242364/optimal-fat-suppression-in-head-and-neck-mri-comparison-of-multipoint-dixon-with-2-different-fat-suppression-techniques-spectral-presaturation-and-inversion-recovery-and-stir
#14
S Gaddikeri, M Mossa-Basha, J B Andre, D S Hippe, Y Anzai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uniform complete fat suppression is essential for identification and characterization of most head and pathology. Our aim was to compare the multipoint Dixon turbo spin-echo fat-suppression technique with 2 different fat-suppression techniques, including a hybrid spectral presaturation with inversion recovery technique and an inversion recovery STIR technique, in head and neck fat-suppression MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Head and neck MR imaging datasets of 72 consecutive patients were retrospectively reviewed...
December 14, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242026/the-localization-and-risk-factors-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-oral-cavity-a-retrospective-study-of-1501-cases
#15
Britta V Sundermann, Lorenz Uhlmann, Jürgen Hoffmann, Kolja Freier, Oliver C Thiele
Head and neck cancer is the tenth leading cause of cancer mortality. Ninety percent of tumours in the oral cavity are squamous cell carcinomas. Information about the exact localisation of OSCC is missing in the literature. In the present study, we retrospectively analysed a total of 1501 OSCC patients, who were treated between 1975 and 2009. The purpose of this study was to examine the localisation of OSCC tumours and to analyse the influence of various parameters on tumour localisation. 71.5% of these patients were male and 28...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241462/-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#16
J A W Teijink, N Pesser, R van Grinsven, H van Suijlekom, M R H M van Sambeek, B F L van Nuenen
Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is a type of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) where compression of the brachial plexus is responsible for development of upper-extremity, head and neck symptoms. We present a 16-year-old and a 34-year-old patient with nTOS. Diagnosis in both cases was done by following the recently published reporting standards for (n)TOS. After this multidisciplinary diagnostic work-up we performed a transaxillary thoracic outlet decompression (TOD). Due to lack of literature, difficult nomenclature and complexity of diagnosis and treatment, diagnosis of nTOS is often delayed...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241220/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-in-oral-cancer-clinical-implications
#17
Subuhi Yete, Wendy D'Souza, Dhananjaya Saranath
Oral cancer is the eleventh most common cancer globally, with well-established major risk factors of tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) types 16 and 18. HR-HPV16/18 are the etiologic agents of cervical cancers and a proportion of oropharyngeal cancers. HPV-associated oropharyngeal and oral cancers show better prognosis and response to therapy. However, the picture of HR-HPV16/18 and the clinical implications of oral cancers are not clear with the majority of reports combining oral cancer data with head and neck cancers...
December 15, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240278/predictors-of-returns-to-the-emergency-department-after-head-and-neck-surgery
#18
R Michael Baskin, Jingnan Zhang, Carolyn Dirain, Paul Lipori, Gileno Fonseca, Raja Sawhney, Brian J Boyce, Natalie L Silver, Peter T Dziegielewski
BACKGROUND: Thirty-day hospital readmissions have become a measure of quality of care. Many readmissions enter through the emergency department. The purposes of this study were to determine the rate, risk factors, and costs of 30-day returns to the emergency department (30dEDRs) after head and neck surgery. METHODS: All adult patients undergoing head and neck surgery at the University of Florida from 2012 to 2014 were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for 30dEDRs...
December 14, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239188/-evaluation-of-inflammatory-cells-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors
#19
P Dundr, K Němejcová, M Bártů, R Matěj, Z Rohan, I Tichá
BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumorigenesis and the tumor-host relationship. An important part of the tumor microenvironment is inflammatory infiltration. Its evaluation in solid tumors has prognostic meaning and appears also to be predictive of outcome, which is particularly important for predicting responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors. However, the methodology used to assess inflammatory infiltration is problematic, because it has been standardized only for certain types of tumors...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238997/when-should-a-level-iib-neck-dissection-be-performed-in-treatment-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Brooke M Su, Roxana Moayer, Edward C Kuan, Maie A St John
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
keyword
keyword
64193
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"