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determinants of occlusal morphology

Le Kang, Mingsan Miao
Objective: To observe the intervention effect of total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus on animal models of cerebral ischemic tolerance. Methods: A rat model of global-focal cerebral ischemic tolerance was established by blocking bilateral common carotid artery blood flow and occluding left middle cerebral artery using thread-occlusion method. After the first operation, the Ginaton group and large-dosage, medium-dosage and small-dosage groups of total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus were given intragastric administration of corresponding drugs...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Qian Wu, Mengmeng Yu, Yuehua Li, Wenbin Li, Zhigang Lu, Meng Wei, Jing Yan, Jiayin Zhang
Objective: To investigate the morphological changes of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) as determined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) follow-up using semi-automated quantitative analysis. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with 31 CTO lesions confirmed by invasive coronary angiography and baseline/follow-up CCTA were retrospectively included. CTOs were quantitatively analyzed by a semi-automated coronary plaque analysis software (Coronary Plaque Analysis, version 2...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Xiaoshan Wu, Lei Hu, Yan Li, Yang Li, Fu Wang, Ping Ma, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Canhua Jiang, Songlin Wang
The tooth root transmits and balances occlusal forces through the periodontium to the alveolar bone. The periodontium, including the gingiva, the periodontal ligament, the cementum and the partial alveolar bone, derives from the dental follicle (DF), except for the gingiva. In the early developmental stages, the DF surrounds the tooth germ as a sphere and functions to promote tooth eruption. However, the morphological dynamics and factors regulating the differentiation of the DF during root elongation remain largely unknown...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Miki Watanabe, Akira Watanabe, Nobuo Takano, Chikara Saito, Takahiko Shibahara
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the structure and morphology of the maxilla in patients with cleft lip and palate to ensure safe Le Fort I osteotomy. PATIENTS: A total of 34 sides of 17 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (nonsyndromic cases) were included in this study. The control group included 10 sides of 5 patients who exhibited skeletal mandibular protrusion without malformation. METHODS: Finite element analysis was performed to examine the distribution of occlusal force over the maxilla, and continuous 3-dimensional measurement was performed at the sites of stress concentration...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Fadi Saab, Michael R Jaff, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Gwennan D Engen, Theresa N McGoff, George Adams, Ashraf Al-Dadah, Philip P Goodney, Farhan Khawaja, Jihad A Mustapha
PURPOSE: To present the chronic total occlusion (CTO) crossing approach based on plaque cap morphology (CTOP) classification system and assess its ability to predict successful lesion crossing. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of imaging and procedure data from 114 consecutive symptomatic patients (mean age 69±11 years; 84 men) with claudication (Rutherford category 3) or critical limb ischemia (Rutherford category 4-6) who underwent endovascular interventions for 142 CTOs...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Cai-Jun Xie, Ai-Ping Gu, Jun Cai, Yi Wu, Rui-Cong Chen
Background and Purpose: Curcumin, a natural antioxidant isolated from Curcuma longa, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effect in animal models of ischemic stroke. However, the underlying mechanism is still not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of curcumin treatment on neuronal apoptosis in the periinfarct cortex after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and in mouse N2a cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) injury and its underlying mechanism...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
Hajar Ben Mohimd, Loubna Bahije, Fatima Zaoui, Abdelali Halimi, Hicham Benyahia
INTRODUCTION: Relapse in orthodontics, and particularly, mandibular anterior crowding is an unforeseeable phenomenon and a quite embarrassing situation for the orthodontist, as it may be interpreted by the patient as a treatment failure. Relapse may be inherent to various factors (periodontal, anatomical, muscular, occlusal, residual growth, third molars development…), which must be imperatively acknowledged in order to be managed during orthodontic treatment and therefore ensure an optimal control on the stability of the achieved final outcomes...
February 22, 2018: International Orthodontics
Hui-Rong Jing, Fu-Wen Luo, Xing-Ming Liu, Xiao-Feng Tian, Yun Zhou
AIM: To evaluate whether fish oil (FO) can protect liver injury induced by intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) via the AMPK/SIRT-1/autophagy pathway. METHODS: Ischemia in Wistar rats was induced by superior mesenteric artery occlusion for 60 min and reperfusion for 240 min. One milliliter per day of FO emulsion or normal saline was administered by intraperitoneal injection for 5 consecutive days to each animal. Animals were sacrificed at the end of reperfusion...
February 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yinze Diao, Yu Sun, Shaobo Wang, Fengshan Zhang, Shengfa Pan, Zhongjun Liu
RATIONALE: The typical intraoperative presentation of vertebral artery injury (VAI) usually involves profuse bleeding and requires immediate treatment. However, an occult VAI may occur intraoperatively and result in delayed life-threatening epidural pseudoaneurysm several days postoperatively. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old man with compressive cervical myelopathy resulting from canal stenosis of skeletal fluorosis underwent decompression of C1 to C7 and instrumentation from C2 to C7...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Qipeng Zhao, Xiaobo Wang, Ailing Chen, Xiuli Cheng, Guoxin Zhang, Jianmin Sun, Yunsheng Zhao, Yu Huang, Yafei Zhu
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of rhein on cerebral ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. The present study focused on the effect of rhein on oxidative stress and apoptotic factors, which are considered to serve an important role in the onset of I/R injury. Sprague‑Dawley rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion. Neurological functional scores (NFSs) were evaluated according to the Zea Longa's score criteria and the area of brain infarct was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Tomoya Kamide, Halima Tabani, Michael M Safaee, Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE While most paraclinoid aneurysms can be clipped with excellent results, new postoperative visual deficits are a concern. New technology, including flow diverters, has increased the popularity of endovascular therapy. However, endovascular treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms is not without procedural risks, is associated with higher rates of incomplete aneurysm occlusion and recurrence, and may not address optic nerve compression symptoms that surgical debulking can. The increasing endovascular management of paraclinoid aneurysms should be justified by comparisons to surgical benchmarks...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Gibi Syriac, Elizabeth Joseph, S Rupesh, John Philip, Sunu Alice Cherian, Josey Mathew
Introduction: Supernumerary teeth are the presence of more number of teeth over the normal dental formula and may occur in permanent as well as early mixed dentition. This study determined the prevalence, characteristics, and complications caused by supernumerary teeth in nonsyndromic South Indian pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Characteristics of supernumerary teeth determined by clinical and radiographic examination were recorded. The age, sex, number of supernumerary teeth, eruption status, morphology, position, orientation, and complications (if any) associated with supernumerary teeth were recorded for each patient who had supernumerary teeth...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Traimat Boonthai, Seth J Herbst, Gary E Whelan, Michelle Gunn Van Deuren, Thomas P Loch, Mohamed Faisal
BACKGROUND: The Asian fish tapeworm Schyzocotyle acheilognathi (Yamaguti, 1934) is an important fish pathogen because of its wide range of intermediate and definitive hosts and its pathological consequences. This study was designed to determine if baitfish are a likely vector contributing to the expansion of the invasive Asian fish tapeworm. RESULTS: We collected live baitfish for examination from 78 retail stores in Michigan between September 2015 and June 2016...
December 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
S Liddy, U Buckley, H K Kok, B Loo, B Glover, G R Dhillon, O Buckley
Cardiac electrophysiology is an evolving specialty that has seen rapid advances in recent years. Concurrently, there has been much progress in the field of cardiac imaging. Electrophysiologists are increasingly requesting cross-sectional imaging in advance of many procedures. Pulmonary vein isolation and left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion are now an established treatment options for atrial fibrillation. In patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation, applications of computed tomography (CT) include evaluating the left atrial and pulmonary venous anatomy, excluding LAA thrombus and assessing for pulmonary vein stenosis...
December 9, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Adeel Ilyas, Thomas J Buell, Ching-Jen Chen, Dale Ding, Daniel M S Raper, Davis G Taylor, Jennifer D Sokolowski, Kenneth C Liu
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular technology for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms continues to rapidly evolve. The SMART coil (Penumbra Inc., Alameda, CA, USA) is a novel microcoil designed to enhance deliverability. The aim of this single-center, retrospective cohort study is to assess the initial outcomes after aneurysm embolization using SMART coils. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients with intracranial aneurysms who underwent endovascular embolization using SMART coils from June 2016 to January 2017...
January 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Robert L Harrison, Joseph D Mowery, Daniel L Rowley, Gary R Bauchan, David A Theilmann, George F Rohrmann, Martin A Erlandson
A baculovirus isolate from a USDA Forest Service collection was characterized by electron microscopy and analysis of its genome sequence. The isolate, formerly referred to as Pseudoletia (Mythimna) sp. nucleopolyhedrovirus #7 (MyspNPV#7), was determined by barcoding PCR to derive from the host species Mythimna unipuncta (true armyworm) and was renamed Mythimna unipuncta nucleopolyhedrovirus #7 (MyunNPV#7). The occlusion bodies (OBs) and virions exhibited a size and morphology typical for OBs produced by the species of genus Alphabaculovirus, with occlusion-derived virions consisting of 2-5 nucleocapsids within a single envelope...
December 4, 2017: Virus Genes
Deng-Yue Zhai, Shuang-Gen Zhu, Wei Zhang, Xue Li, You-Ling Zhu
We aim to evaluate the value of fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) vascular hyperintensity (FVH) in assessing infarct morphology in patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) or middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. Magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) FLAIR sequences, and carotid/cerebral magnetic resonance angiography of 102 patients with symptomatic ICA or MCA occlusions were evaluated. The location and score of FVH were determined using Olindo's method; patients were classified as having Low or High FVHs based on FVH score, and either Distal or Proximal FVH based on FVH location...
2017: PloS One
Hitoshi Yoshimura, Shinpei Matsuda, Seigo Ohba, Yoshiki Minegishi, Kunihiro Nakai, Shigeharu Fujieda, Kazuo Sano
The vascularized fibular flap is one of the standard treatment choices for the reconstruction of the mandible; however, the consequences of condylar restoration have not previously been reported. The use of three-dimensional models allows for a more predictable reconstruction. The purpose of the present study was to assess the outcome of stereolithographic model-assisted reconstruction of the mandibular condyle with a vascularized fibular flap. A total of 5 patients underwent mandibular resection including the condyle and immediate reconstruction with a vascularized fibular flap...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
P Flis, V Filonenko, N Doroshenko
Early elimination of dentoalveolar apparatus orthodontic disorders is the dominant concept in the treatment technique. AIM: to present a sagittal anomalies treatment algorithm, of Class III particularly, in the transitional bite period by the proposed design of individual orthodontic devices with a movable ramp. The treatment algorithm consisted of several blocks: the motivation, the etiological factors establishment, the plan and treatment tactics creation basing on careful diagnosis, the stages of the active period of treatment and the patient management in the retention period...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
Hongning Song, Qing Zhou, Lan Zhang, Qing Deng, Yijia Wang, Bo Hu, Tuantuan Tan, Jinling Chen, Yiteng Pan, Fazhi He
The novel 3-dimensional printing (3DP) technique has shown its ability to assist personalized cardiac intervention therapy. This study aimed to determine the feasibility of 3D-printed left atrial appendage (LAA) models based on 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) data and their application value in treating LAA occlusions.Eighteen patients with transcatheter LAA occlusion, and preprocedure 3D TEE and cardiac computed tomography were enrolled. 3D TEE volumetric data of the LAA were acquired and postprocessed for 3DP...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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