keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preoperative antibiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050095/-revisional-radical-mastoidectomy-surgeries-25-cases-experience
#1
L Li, J Xie, Y Liu, S S Gong
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of failure to dry ear after radical mastoidectomy and discuss key points in revisonal surgery. Methods: Clinical data of 25 patients(32 ears) with revisonal mastoidectomy were analyzed. The preoperative temporal bone CT findings, intra-operative findings, surgical procedures, postoperative operating cavities and aural abilities were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients received preoperative temporal bone CT followed by revisonal radical mastoidectomy under microscope and general anesthesia...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045025/do-pre-operative-oral-antibiotics-increase-clostridium-difficile-infection-rates-an-analysis-of-13-959-colectomy-patients
#2
Muralidharan Parthasarathy, David Bowers, Thomas Groot-Wassink
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not preoperative oral antibiotic preparation (POAP) increases the rate of Clostridium difficile colitis (CDC) in patients undergoing colectomy. METHOD: In 2015, data for colectomies had been collected prospectively and recorded in the targeted colectomy option of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP). This was available for retrospective analysis. Data available for analysis included elective and emergency status, POAP, surgical approach, primary anastomosis and CDC status...
October 16, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037481/surgical-outcomes-among-elderly-women-with-endometrial-cancer-treated-by-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-nrg-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#3
Erin A Bishop, James J Java, Kathleen N Moore, Nick M Spirtos, Michael L Pearl, Oliver Zivanovic, David M Kushner, Floor Backes, Chad A Hamilton, Melissa A Geller, Jean Hurteau, Cara Mathews, Robert M Wenham, Pedro T Ramirez, Susan Zweizig, Joan L Walker
OBJECTIVE: Tolerance of and complications due to minimally invasive hysterectomy and staging in the older endometrial cancer population is largely unknown despite the fact that this is the most rapidly growing age group in the United States. The objective of this retrospective review is to compare operative morbidity by age in patients on the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) LAP2 trial. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients from GOG LAP2, a trial that included clinically early stage uterine cancer patients randomized to laparotomy vs...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033149/management-of-cervicofacial-infections-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-maxillofacial-units-in-the-uk
#4
C McDonald, A Hennedige, A Henry, B Dawoud, R Kulkarni, K Gilbert, P Kyzas, R Morrison, J A McCaul
Cervicofacial infections are common emergency presentations to maxillofacial departments in the UK, there is no consensus about their management and, in particular, the role of corticosteroids is not clear. Our aim was to find out the current practice of UK maxillofacial surgeons in managing these infections using a multicentre questionnaire study. The questionnaire was designed, piloted, and revised before distribution, and questions were asked to assess preoperative, operative, and postoperative management...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017299/variation-of-c-reactive-protein-and-white-blood-cell-counts-in-spinal-operation-primary-fusion-surgery-versus-revision-fusion-surgery
#5
Kyung Tag Kang, Dong Wuk Son, Su Hun Lee, Geun Seong Song, Soon Ki Sung, Sang Weon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations and white blood cell (WBC) count are commonly used to identify postoperative wound infections. We investigated whether changes in serum CRP levels and WBC counts actually differed between patients undergoing revision spinal fusion surgery and those undergoing a primary fusion. METHODS: Patients who underwent posterolateral fusion (PLF) surgery at Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between October 2013 and April 2015 were considered for this study...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991759/the-importance-of-perioperative-prophylaxis-with-cefuroxime-or-ceftriaxone-in-the-surgical-site-infections-prevention-after-cranial-and-spinal-neurosurgical-procedures
#6
Aleksandra Dimovska-Gavrilovska, Aleksandar Chaparoski, Andreja Gavrilovski, Zvonko Milenkovikj
Introduction Surgical site infections pose a significant problem in the treatment of neurosurgical procedures, regardless of the application of perioperative prophylaxis with systemic antibiotics. The infection rate in these procedures ranges from less than 1% to above 15%. Different antibiotics and administration regimes have been used in the perioperative prophylaxis so far, and there are numerous comparative studies regarding their efficiency, however, it is generally indicated that the choice thereof should be based on information and local specifics connected to the most probable bacterial causers, which would possibly contaminate the surgical site and cause infection, and moreover, the mandatory compliance with the principles of providing adequate concentration of the drug at the time of the anticipated contamination...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991085/crohn-s-disease-of-the-pouch-a-true-diagnosis-or-an-oversubscribed-diagnosis-of-exclusion
#7
Amy L Lightner, Joel G Fletcher, John H Pemberton, Kellie L Mathis, Laura E Raffals, Thomas Smyrk
BACKGROUND: After IPAA, 8% of patients with ulcerative colitis are later diagnosed with Crohn's disease of the pouch, associated with an increased rate of pouch failure. No study has reported on how often the clinical diagnosis is correlated with histologic findings of Crohn's disease in the excised pouch. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the clinical diagnosis is consistent with pathologic confirmation at pouch excision. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary IBD referral center...
November 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988937/temporal-trends-and-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-surgical-site-infection-in-the-swiss-surveillance-network-a-cohort-study
#8
Mohamed Abbas, Emin Aghayev, Nicolas Troillet, Marie-Christine Eisenring, Stefan P Kuster, Andreas F Widmer, Stephan Harbarth
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is the leading pathogen in surgical site infections (SSIs). AIM: To explore trends and risk factors associated with S. aureus SSI. METHODS: We identified risk factors for monomicrobial S. aureus SSI from the Swiss multi-centre SSI surveillance system using multivariate logistic regression. Both in-hospital and post-discharge SSIs were identified using standardized definitions. FINDINGS: Over a 6 year period, we collected data on 229,765 surgical patients, of whom 499 (0...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984794/the-use-of-povidone-iodine-in-ophthalmology
#9
Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz, William G Myers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Povidone-iodine (PVI) is a disinfectant and antiseptic agent used for preoperative preparation of the skin and mucous membranes, as well as for the treatment of contaminated wounds. Currently regimens for prophylaxis against postsurgical endophthalmitis are being modified, including a total withdrawal of antibiotics in intravitreal injections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of PVI in ophthalmology. RECENT FINDINGS: As a result of its broad spectrum of microbicidal activity, PVI is routinely used in ophthalmic surgery...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983222/transoral-approach-for-odontoidectomy-efficacy-and-safety
#10
Ahmed Mohamed Elbadrawi, Tameem Mohamed Elkhateeb
BACKGROUND: Odontoid process pathologies can cause upper motor neuron lesions. These pathologies can be approached through either a high retropharyngeal approach or a transoral approach. The introduction of the surgical microscope, proper instrumentations, and proper antibiotics has increased utilization of the transoral approach. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our approach to anterior odontoid resection through transoral approach for different pathologies resulting in compression the cervical cord or causing craniocervical instability is described here...
October 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975304/effect-of-post-cesarean-delivery-oral-cephalexin-and-metronidazole-on-surgical-site-infection-among-obese-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amy M Valent, Chris DeArmond, Judy M Houston, Srinidhi Reddy, Heather R Masters, Alison Gold, Michael Boldt, Emily DeFranco, Arthur T Evans, Carri R Warshak
Importance: The rate of obesity among US women has been increasing, and obesity is associated with increased risk of surgical site infection (SSI) following cesarean delivery. The optimal perioperative antibiotic prophylactic regimen in this high-risk population undergoing cesarean delivery is unknown. Objective: To determine rates of SSI among obese women who receive prophylactic oral cephalexin and metronidazole vs placebo for 48 hours following cesarean delivery...
September 19, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971790/sepsis-after-elective-ureteroscopy
#12
Jonathan Bloom, Cristina Fox, Sean Fullerton, Gerald Matthews, John Phillips
INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine our rate of postoperative sepsis after ureteroscopy as well as identifying associative factors, common antibiotic practices along with culture data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of all patients who underwent elective ureteroscopy from 2010 to 2015 at an urban tertiary care facility were retrospectively reviewed. Factors thought to be associated with infection were collected, along with comorbidities depicted as Charlson Age-Adjusted Comorbidity Index (CAACI) and American Society of Anesthesia (ASA) score...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960155/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-craniopharyngioma-the-importance-of-the-relationship-between-pituitary-stalk-and-tumor
#13
Yun-Sik Dho, Yong Hwy Kim, Young-Bem Se, Doo Hee Han, Jung Hee Kim, Chul-Kee Park, Kyu-Chang Wang, Dong Gyu Kim
OBJECTIVE The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) is commonly used for the treatment of craniopharyngioma; therefore, it is essential to analyze outcomes in order to understand the benefits and drawbacks. The goal of this paper was to evaluate the clinical features and outcomes associated with this treatment approach. METHODS From July 2010 to March 2016, 82 adult craniopharyngioma patients underwent an EEA at the authors' institution. Of these cases, intraoperative records and immediate postoperative MR images were available for 68 patients...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955475/single-pedicle-hinge-flap-performed-by-shelter-medicine-team-resolves-chronic-antebrachial-wound-in-a-cat
#14
Jodi M Richardson, Jacob M Shivley, Philip A Bushby
CASE SUMMARY: An approximately 3-year-old, male domestic longhair cat was presented to a mobile veterinary unit for routine neuter. Preoperative physical examination revealed an approximately 5 cm × 2 cm scab on the craniolateral portion of the left antebrachium. The cat was anesthetized for the neuter using an injectable anesthesia protocol. After castration, the wound area on the antebrachium was clipped, copiously lavaged and the wound edges were surgically debrided. Injectable antibiotics and analgesic management were instituted...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953168/bipedicle-flaps-for-posterior-elbow-reconstruction
#15
Kyle J Chepla, Shirley Shue, Bram R Kafuman
Chronic posterior elbow soft tissue defects often require soft tissue reconstruction because of exposure of the underlying triceps tendon and proximal ulna. Current options for soft tissue coverage require sacrifice of a local muscle or microsurgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patient and surgical outcomes after reconstruction of small-sized to medium-sized (<50 cm) posterior elbow defects with bipedicle advancement flaps. A retrospective chart review was performed for 3 patients who underwent posterior elbow reconstruction with bipedicle flaps...
September 25, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947210/bacteriuria-is-not-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-in-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery
#16
Juan Carlos Duarte, Patricia Reyes, Diana Bermúdez, Juan Pablo Alzate, Javier Darío Maldonado, Jorge Alberto Cortés
BACKGROUND: Despite absence of evidence, in practice, asymptomatic bacteriuria is perceived as a risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI) among patients with cardiac surgery. We aimed to identify whether an association exists between the preoperative presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria or urinary tract infection and SSI in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: This is an analytical study with a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing coronary revascularization or valve replacement surgery...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929862/the-accuracy-of-the-computed-tomography-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-does-the-experience-of-the-radiologist-matter
#17
E Lietzén, P Salminen, I Rinta-Kiikka, H Paajanen, T Rautio, P Nordström, M Aarnio, T Rantanen, J Sand, J-P Mecklin, A Jartti, J Virtanen, P Ohtonen, N Ånäs, J M Grönroos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the accuracy of computed tomography in diagnosing acute appendicitis with a special reference to radiologist experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected prospectively in our randomized controlled trial comparing surgery and antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis (APPAC trial, NCT01022567). We evaluated 1065 patients who underwent computed tomography for suspected appendicitis. The on-call radiologist preoperatively analyzed these computed tomography images...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929546/impact-of-selective-media-for-detecting-fluoroquinolone-insusceptible-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-before-transrectal-prostate-biopsy
#18
Takuya Sadahira, Koichiro Wada, Motoo Araki, Ayano Ishii, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yoshitsugu Nasu, Masaya Tsugawa, Tadasu Takenaka, Yasutomo Nasu, Hiromi Kumon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-insusceptible and/or extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli colonizing in the male rectum before transrectal prostate biopsy. METHODS: We carried out a prospective cohort study of men undergoing transrectal prostate biopsy. CHROMagar Orientation originally supplemented with levofloxacin and CHROMagar Orientation/extended-spectrum beta-lactamase were used for detecting fluoroquinolone-insusceptible and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924483/thyroidectomy-for-the-treatment-of-graves-thyrotoxicosis-in-thioamide-induced-agranulocytosis-and-sepsis
#19
Colin L Knight, Shamil D Cooray, Jaideep Kulkarni, Michael Borschmann, Mark Kotowicz
A 51 year old man presented with sepsis in the setting of thioamide-induced agranulocytosis. Empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics was followed by directed narrow-spectrum antibiotics, and his neutrophil count recovered with support from granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) analogue transfusions. After a brief period of multi-modal therapy for nine days including potassium iodide (Lugol's iodine), cholestyramine, propanolol and lithium to temper his persisting hyperthyroidism, a total thyroidectomy was performed while thyroid hormone levels remained at thyrotoxic levels...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919125/multi-institution-analysis-of-infection-control-practices-identifies-the-subset-associated-with-best-surgical-site-infection-performance-a-texas-alliance-for-surgical-quality-collaborative-project
#20
Catherine H Davis, Lillian S Kao, Jason B Fleming, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce surgical site infection (SSI) rates, a large number of infection control practices (ICPs), including operating room attire policies, have been recommended. However, few have proven benefits and many are costly, time-consuming, and detrimental to provider morale. The goal of this multi-institution study was to determine which ICPs are associated with lower postoperative SSI rates. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty American College of Surgeons NSQIP and Texas Alliance for Surgical Quality-affiliated hospitals completed this Quality Improvement Assessment Board-approved study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
keyword
keyword
64190
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"