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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930895/osteoarthrosis-of-temporomandibular-joint-related-to-the-defects-of-posterior-dentition-a-retrospective-study
#1
Jitka Levorová, Vladimír Machoň, Anasuya Guha, René Foltán
Osteoarthrosis (OA) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a progressive degenerative disease, gradually affecting cartilage, synovial membrane and bone structures. OA of TMJ clinically manifests with joint noises, pain and restricted mouth opening. In late stages, it results in severe damage of TMJ structures and development of ankylosis. Osteoarthrosis is a multifactorial disease; the occurrence is associated with TMJ overloading. The cohort included 619 patients [538 women (87%) and 81 men (13%), with average age 40...
2016: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930431/first-person-point-of-view-augmented-reality-for-central-line-insertion-training-a-usability-and-feasibility-study
#2
Lauryn R Rochlen, Robert Levine, Alan R Tait
INTRODUCTION: The value of simulation in medical education and procedural skills training is well recognized. Despite this, many mannequin-based trainers are limited by the inability of the trainee to view the internal anatomical structures. This study evaluates the usability and feasibility of a first-person point-of-view-augmented reality (AR) trainer on needle insertion as a component of central venous catheter placement. METHODS: Forty subjects, including medical students and anesthesiology residents and faculty, participated...
December 8, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927795/recommendations-for-evaluating-practice-related-activities-of-pharmacy-faculty-a-delphi-consensus
#3
Stuart T Haines, Seena L Haines, Eric J MacLaughlin, Jenny A Van Amburgh
OBJECTIVE: To develop definitions of who pharmacy practice faculty and partners are, identify indicators to measure practice-related activities, and provide guidance for evaluating pharmacy practice faculty. METHODS: A 4-round, online Delphi was conducted. Panelists with experience evaluating pharmacy practice faculty were invited. Consensus was achieved when there was agreement by at least 70% of panelists. Round 1: Panelists were asked to identify the essential distinguishing characteristics of pharmacy practice faculty and practice partners as well as metrics that could be used to measure practice productivity and quality...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#4
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923286/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-female-university-students-on-menstrual-cycle-and-contraception
#5
Márta Szűcs, Tamás Bitó, Csaba Csíkos, Andrea Párducz Szöllősi, Cristian Furau, Iolanda Blidaru, Aleksandra Kapamadzija, Katarina Sedlecky, György Bártfai
Socioeconomic changes, as well as the development of new contraceptive modalities may influence women's preferences in the selection of a method of contraception. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, opinions and attitudes of female university students regarding the menstrual cycle, sexual health and contraception. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 2572 female university students in Hungary, Romania and Serbia, between November 2009 and January 2011. A higher proportion of students of health sciences than students of other faculties had appropriate knowledge of the fertile period within a menstrual cycle: 86...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922180/going-domestic-importing-the-study-abroad-experience-the-development-of-a-multicultural-new-york-city-study-away-program
#6
Susan Hayes Lane, Carolyn Huffman, Dana E Brackney, Alyssa Cuddy
PROBLEM: Significant off-campus domestic study away experiences have been shown to be a transformative active learning environment for students and achieve similar learning outcomes as study abroad programs. METHODS: This manuscript describes the conception, development, and pedagogical approach of a faculty-led domestic study away experience in New York City for pre-licensure and post-licensure nursing students as an active learning strategy for developing cultural competence...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918166/-breast-self-examination-yes-or-no
#7
P Šašková, D Pavlišta
OBJECTIVE: The rising number of breast cancer is the worldwide problem. The screening mammography is considered as the most effective method to decrease the mortality of the disease. For many years, the breast self-examination has been promoted as the simplest method for breast cancer development in women. In this review article, we provide the results of studies on the effectiveness of breast self-examination. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Departmnet of Gynecologic and Obstetrition, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916357/triclosan-sutures-for-surgical-site-infection-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
Kanefumi Yamashita, Shinsuke Takeno, Seiichiro Hoshino, Hironari Shiwaku, Naoya Aisu, Yoichiro Yoshida, Syu Tanimura, Yuichi Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Among all procedures, surgical site infections (SSIs) in colorectal surgery continue to have the highest rate, accounting for 5%-45%. To prevent the bacterial colonization of suture material, which disables local mechanisms of wound decontamination, triclosan-coated sutures were developed. We assessed the effectiveness of triclosan-coated sutures used for skin closure on the rate of SSIs in colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Until August 2012, we used conventional methods for skin closure in colorectal cancer surgery at the Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914193/coaching-a-new-model-for-academic-and-career-achievement
#9
Nicole M Deiorio, Patricia A Carney, Leslie E Kahl, Erin M Bonura, Amy Miller Juve
BACKGROUND: Individualized education is emerging as an innovative model for physician training. This requires faculty coaching to guide learners' achievements in academic performance, competency development, and career progression. In addition, coaching can foster self-reflection and self-monitoring using a data-guided approach to support lifelong learning. CONTEXT: Coaching differs from mentoring or advising, and its application in medical education is novel. Because of this, definitions of the concept and the constructs of coaching as applied to medical education are needed to accurately assess the coaching relationship and coaching processes...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#10
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#11
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907984/transnational-collaboration-for-faculty-development-in-health-professions-education-in-mongolia
#12
Hyun Bae Yoon, Jwa-Seop Shin, Seung-Hee Lee, Do-Hwan Kim, Minsun Sung, Nomin Amgalan, Tselmuun Chinzorig
PURPOSE: The Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences is the only national university in Mongolia and has produced more than 90% of health professionals in the country. Experts from Mongolia and Korea embarked on a collaborative effort to develop educational programs for faculty development based on the personal and professional needs of faculty members. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of those educational programs to determine whether this transnational collaboration was successful...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907981/use-of-social-media-in-education-among-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Anas Khaleel Alsuraihi, Ahmed Saeed Almaqati, Sultan Adnan Abughanim, Nisreen Abdulrahman Jastaniah
PURPOSE: Social media (SM), a virtual place where people can share, exchange, and communicate their ideas and knowledge, has become the new trend in communication and learning. This study aims to explore Saudi Arabian medical students' usage of SM and to discover the most common resources used in medical education. Furthermore, it aims to illustrate students' belief about the influence of SM on their learning. METHODS: This cross-sectional study administered validated questionnaires to medical students from different universities in Saudi Arabia, via emails, Twitter, Facebook, and short message service...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906626/advances-in-purine-and-pyrimidine-metabolism-in-health-and-diseases
#14
Michio Hirano, Godefridus J Peters
In June, 2015, the Purine and Pyrimidine Society organized the 16th biennial symposium on Purine and Pyrimidine metabolism at the Faculty House of Columbia University, New York City. This exciting meeting focused on these important molecules, new developments in inborn errors of metabolism; therapeutic analogs. In addition, the biochemistry of mammalian and non-mammalian systems were discussed. Due to significant advances in molecular medicine, the boundaries between clinical and basic sciences have merged into exciting translational research, of which a small portion was highlighted in the presymposium...
December 2016: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904557/the-expected-results-of-faculty-development-programs-in-medical-professionalism-from-the-viewpoint-of-medical-education-experts
#15
Nikoo Yamani, Mahsa Shakour, Alireza Yousefi
BACKGROUND: Despite the great emphasis on teaching professionalism in universities, creating changes in one's professional behavior is a serious challenge in medical education. In this regard, one cannot ignore the role of faculty members. The present study was set to investigate the opinions of medical education experts about the expected results of faculty development programs regarding teaching and learning professionalism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in two phases including content analysis study and Delphi...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#16
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899735/improving-departments-of-psychology
#17
Ed Diener
Our procedures for creating excellent departments of psychology are based largely on selection-hiring and promoting the best people. I argue that these procedures have been successful, but I suggest the implementation of policies that I believe will further improve departments in the behavioral and brain sciences. I recommend that we institute more faculty development programs attached to incentives to guarantee continuing education and scholarly activities after the Ph.D. degree. I also argue that we would do a much better job if we more strongly stream our faculty into research, education, or service and not expect all faculty members to carry equal responsibility for each of these...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899056/a-student-and-faculty-partnership-to-develop-leaders-in-primary-care-at-a-research-oriented-institution
#18
Aparna Krishnan, Rebecca Johnson-Paben, Carolyn M Arnold, Stephanie Wang Zuo, Tiffany Ho, Matthew J Molloy, Anita Ram, Tania Haag, Roy C Ziegelstein, Colleen Christmas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897470/faculty-development-efforts-to-promote-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-an-internal-medicine-faculty-resident-practice
#19
Alanna Stone, Maria Wamsley, Patricia O'Sullivan, Jason Satterfield, Derek D Satre, Katherine Julian
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a practical means to address substance misuse in primary care. Important barriers to implementing SBIRT include adequacy of training and provider confidence as well as logistical hurdles and time constraints. A faculty development initiative aimed at increasing SBIRT knowledge and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) should lead to increased use of SBIRT by faculty and the residents they teach. This study examined how a faculty development program to promote SBIRT influenced faculty practice and resident teaching...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897024/-peripheral-precocious-puberty
#20
J Zvonařová Skalická, R Pilka
OBJECTIVE: To summarize literature data on peripheral precocious puberty. DESIGN: A literature review. SETTING: Středomoravská nemocniční a.s., hospital Šternberk, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacky University, Olomouc. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched in PubMed using the key words stated below according to date and published since 1980.Peripheral precocious puberty occurs in girls with the frequency 1:400-1000...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
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