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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474099/beyond-supervised-learning-a-multi-perspective-approach-to-outpatient-physical-therapy-mentoring
#1
Megan M Buning, Shaun W Buning
BACKGROUND: Novice physical therapists face multiple challenges as they transition to autonomous, efficient, and seasoned therapists. Mentoring is known to facilitate growth among novice therapists; however, formalized mentoring programs within the outpatient setting are scarce or management-centered. This study sought to explore the most desired components of a formal mentoring program from multiple perspectives. METHODS: An inductive qualitative inquiry explored perceptions of participants (n = 35) from four populations...
February 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468920/training-medical-students-for-the-twenty-first-century-rationale-and-development-of-the-utrecht-curriculum-cru
#2
Olle Ten Cate, Jan Borleffs, Marijke van Dijk, Tineke Westerveld
AIM: The aim of this report, written for the 40th anniversary issue of Medical Teacher, is to document 20 years of development of the Utrecht undergraduate medical curriculum, as both to exhibit accountability and to inform the community of the process and choices that can be made in long-term curriculum development. METHODS: We used the SPICES model, created by Medical Teacher's Editor Ronald Harden and colleagues in 1984. RESULTS: The Utrecht six-year program, now called "CRU+", has many distinct features that were introduced, most of which are well documented...
February 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467979/programmatic-assessment-in-emergency-medicine-implementation-of-best-practices
#3
Marcia Perry, Andrew Linn, Brendan W Munzer, Laura Hopson, Ambrosya Amlong, Michael Cole, Sally A Santen
Background : Programmatic assessment is the intentional collection of key data from multiple sources for both assessment of learning and assessment for learning . Objective : We developed a system of programmatic assessment (PA) to identify competency progression (summative) and assessment for learning to assist residents in their formative development. Methods : The programmatic assessment was designed iteratively from 2014 through 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467978/feasibility-of-a-comprehensive-medical-knowledge-curriculum-in-internal-medicine-using-team-based-learning
#4
Gerald Schynoll, Elizabeth Irish, Joseph Wayne, Raymond Smith
Background : Team-based learning (TBL) is an active learning strategy with descriptions of its use in resident education limited to pilot studies. Objective : We developed a comprehensive medical knowledge TBL curriculum for an internal medicine residency, and assessed feasibility. Methods : We developed a 135-topic TBL curriculum to replace a noon conference lecture series, and implemented it over a 3-year period (2013-2016). In this article we describe the planning, curricular design, faculty recruitment and development, and lesson structure...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467560/implementation-of-the-steps-toward-academic-research-star-fellowship-program-to-promote-underrepresented-minority-faculty-into-health-disparity-research
#5
Jamboor K Vishwanatha, Harlan P Jones
Eliminating disparities in health can benefit from the inclusion of diverse populations pursuing health disparity research careers. A goal of the Texas Center for Health Disparities (TCHD) is to provide opportunities for underrepresented minority faculty to become successful health disparity researchers. The TCHD created the Steps Toward Academic Research (STAR) fellowship program to provide faculty and community partners a yearlong face-to-face and online hybrid curriculum focused on acquiring fundamental concepts in biomedical and behavioral health disparity research, basics in grantsmanship as well as professional development skills...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466559/association-of-faculty-entrustment-with-resident-autonomy-in-the-operating-room
#6
Gurjit Sandhu, Julie Thompson-Burdine, Vahagn C Nikolian, Danielle C Sutzko, Kaustubh A Prabhu, Niki Matusko, Rebecca M Minter
Importance: A critical balance is sought between faculty supervision, appropriate resident autonomy, and patient safety in the operating room. Variability in the release of supervision during surgery represents a potential safety hazard to patients. A better understanding of intraoperative faculty-resident interactions is needed to determine what factors influence entrustment. Objective: To assess faculty and resident intraoperative entrustment behaviors and to determine whether faculty behaviors drive resident entrustability in the operating room...
February 21, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465461/resident-autonomy-in-the-operating-room-how-faculty-assess-real-time-entrustability
#7
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Douglas S Smink, Adnan Alseidi, Joan M Bengtson, Gifty Kwakye, John L Dalrymple
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the empirical processes and evidence that expert surgical teachers use to determine whether to take over certain steps or entrust the resident with autonomy to proceed during an operation. BACKGROUND: Assessing real-time entrustability is inherent in attending surgeons' determinations of residents' intraoperative autonomy in the operating room. To promote residents' autonomy, it is necessary to understand how attending surgeons evaluate residents' performance and support opportunities for independent practice based on the assessment of their entrustability...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465451/how-mentor-identity-evolves-findings-from-a-10-year-follow-up-study-of-a-national-professional-development-program
#8
Dorene F Balmer, Alix Darden, Latha Chandran, Donna D'Alessandro, Maryellen E Gusic
PURPOSE: Despite academic medicine's endorsement of professional development and mentoring, little is known about what junior faculty learn about mentoring in the implicit curriculum of professional development programs, and how their mentor identity evolves in this context. The authors explored what faculty-participants in the Educational Scholars Program implicitly learned about mentoring and how the implicit curriculum affected mentor identity transformation. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 19 of 36 former faculty-participants were conducted in 2016...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464217/a-retrospective-analysis-of-cases-with-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-and-an-evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-mortality
#9
Aynur Sahin, Mustafa Cicek, Ozgen Gonenc Cekic, Mucahit Gunaydin, Demet Saglam Aykut, Ozgur Tatli, Yunus Karaca, Mualla Aylin Arici
Objective: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a neurological emergency rarely encountered in clinical practice but with a high mortality rate. Cases associated with atypical antipsychotic use or termination of dopamine agonists have been seen in recent years. The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of risk factors for mortality by investigating all clinical and laboratory characteristics of cases with NMS. Material and methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study retrospectively investigated all clinical and laboratory characteristics by scanning the ICD-10 codes of patients presenting to the XXXX Faculty of Medicine Emergency Department and diagnosed with NMS between 2006 and 2016...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462279/mechanisms-for-the-establishment-and-maintenance-of-pregnancy-synergies-from-scientific-collaborations
#10
Fuller W Bazer, Robert C Burghardt, Gregory A Johnson, Thomas E Spencer, Guoyao Wu
Research on the functions of interferon tau (IFNT) at Texas A&M University led to the theory of pregnancy recognition signaling in ruminant species. But, IFNT does much more as it induces expression of interferon regulatory factor 2 (IRF2) in uterine luminal (LE), superficial glandular (sGE), but not glandular (GE) epithelia. First, IRF2 silences transcription of the estrogen receptor alpha gene and, indirectly, transcription of the oxytocin receptor gene to abrogate development of the luteolytic mechanism to prevent regression of the corpus luteum and its production of progesterone for establishing and maintaining pregnancy...
February 16, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462009/gender-differences-in-utilization-of-duty-hour-regulations-aspects-of-burnout-and-psychological-well-being-among-general-surgery-residents-in-the-united-states
#11
Allison R Dahlke, Julie K Johnson, Caprice C Greenberg, Remi Love, Lindsey Kreutzer, Daniel B Hewitt, Christopher M Quinn, Kathryn E Engelhardt, Karl Y Bilimoria
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to (1) assess differences in how male and female general surgery residents utilize duty-hour regulations and experience aspects of burnout and psychological well-being, and (2) to explore reasons why these differing experiences exist. BACKGROUND: There may be differences in how women and men enter, experience, and leave residency programs. METHODS: A total of 7395 residents completed a survey (response rate = 99%)...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459316/teaching-student-nurses-how-to-use-electronic-patient-records-through-simulation-a-case-study
#12
Karen Elliott, Di Marks-Maran, Rene Bach
Like any skill in nursing, preparing students for the changes in technology needs to be incorporated into the curriculum. Electronic Patient Records (EPR) are an example of technological innovation in health care. This article presents a case study of how one faculty of healthcare, working collaboratively with a web designer, created and implemented a simulation activity to enable student nurses to develop their skills in using EPRs. An evaluation study was undertaken into students' perceptions of undertaking the simulation activity and using EPRs in the simulation activity...
February 7, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459197/student-perception-of-initial-transition-into-a-nursing-program-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#13
Meghan McDonald, Janine Brown, Crystal Knihnitski
BACKGROUND: Transition into undergraduate education programs is stressful and impacts students' well-being and academic achievement. Previous research indicates nursing students experience stress, depression, anxiety, and poor lifestyle habits which interfere with learning. However, nursing students' experience of transition into nursing programs has not been well studied. Incongruence exists between this lack of research and the desire to foster student success. OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed students' experiences of initial transition into a nursing program...
February 3, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459194/the-value-of-psychosocial-group-activity-in-nursing-education-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Yun-Jung Choi
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty often struggle to find effective teaching strategies for nursing students that integrate group work into nursing students' learning activities. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate students' experiences in a psychiatric and mental health nursing course using psychosocial group activities to develop therapeutic communication and interpersonal relationship skills, as well as to introduce psychosocial nursing interventions. METHODS: A qualitative research design was used...
February 12, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459193/personal-domains-assessed-in-multiple-mini-interviews-mmis-for-healthcare-student-selection-a-narrative-synthesis-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Alison Callwood, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Liane Lewis, Vishna Devi Nadarajah
OBJECTIVES: To examine the personal domains multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are being designed to assess, explore how they were determined and contextualise such domains in current and future healthcare student selection processes DESIGN: A systematic review of empirical research reporting on MMI model design was conducted from database inception to November 2017. DATA SOURCES: Twelve electronic bibliographic databases. REVIEW METHODS: Evidence was extracted from original studies, and integrated in a narrative synthesis guided by the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459191/a-review-of-the-curriculum-development-process-of-simulation-based-educational-intervention-studies-in-korea
#16
REVIEW
Ju-Young Lee, Soon Hee Lee, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the increase in simulators at nursing schools and the high expectations regarding simulation for nursing education, the unique features of integrating simulation-based education into the curriculum are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the curriculum development process of simulation-based educational interventions in nursing in Korea. DESIGN: Integrative review of literature used. DATA SOURCES: Korean Studies Information Services System (KISS), Korean Medical Database (KMbase), KoreaMed, Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), and National Digital Library (NDL)...
February 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#17
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457522/a-high-prevalence-of-tmd-is-related-to-somatic-awareness-and-pain-intensity-among-healthy-dental-students
#18
Anna Lövgren, Catharina Österlund, Aurelija Ilgunas, Ewa Lampa, Fredrik Hellström
OBJECTIVE: Dental students have been identified as a group with high risks of developing both temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial conditions. Our primary aim was to evaluate the cross-sectional prevalence of TMD diagnoses, as defined in the Diagnostic Criteria (DC)/TMD, among dental students. The secondary aim was to evaluate the prevalence and association of behavioural and psychosocial factors in relation to DC/TMD diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted among undergraduate dental students during the second semester of their third year at the Department of Odontology, Medical Faculty, Umeå University, Sweden...
February 18, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454293/health-professions-faculty-beliefs-confidence-use-and-perceptions-of-organizational-culture-and-readiness-for-ebp-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-survey
#19
Kerry A Milner, Holly B Bradley, Tammy Lampley
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an essential skill and ethical obligation for all practicing health professions clinicians because of its strong association with improved health outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that faculty who prepare these clinicians lack proficiency to teach EBP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe; 1) health profession faculty beliefs about and confidence in their ability to teach and implement EBP, 2) use of EBP for education, 3) organizational culture and readiness for EBP; and to determine whether relationships exist among these variables...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452056/promoting-addiction-medicine-teaching-through-functional-mentoring-by-co-training-generalist-chief-residents-with-faculty-mentors
#20
Daniel P Alford, Brittany L Carney, Angela H Jackson, Belle Brett, Carly Bridden, Michael Winter, Jeffrey H Samet
BACKGROUND: Generalist physicians should play a vital role in identifying and managing individuals with substance use but are inadequately trained to do so. METHODS: This 5 year (2008-2012) controlled educational study assessed whether internal medicine and family medicine chief residents' (CRs) addiction medicine teaching increased by co-training with faculty mentors at a Chief Resident Immersion Training (CRIT) program in addiction medicine. All CRIT CR attendees identified a residency program faculty mentor to support addiction medicine teaching after CRIT through functional mentoring with a focus on developing and implementing an Addiction Medicine Teaching Project ("Teaching Project")...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
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