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faculty development

Aimee Mooney, Naomi Beale, Melanie Fried-Oken
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by insidious language deterioration. This young-onset disorder leaves adults with reduced communication skills for participation in social activities. There is limited evidence regarding group treatment for individuals with PPA, though the principles of chronic aphasia groups can be applied to this clinical population. We developed a PPA group treatment model incorporating compensatory strategies from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), communication partner training from aphasia rehabilitation, and systematic instruction from dementia management...
July 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
Sally P Weaver
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Having a research curriculum in addition to hosting a resident research day stimulates research activity in residency programs. Research collaborations outside an individual residency program may also promote research in residency. This paper describes a community-wide health research forum that engages faculty and residents in research while bringing together potential research collaborators from the community. METHODS: A yearly research forum has been held at a large community-based family medicine residency program for the past 10 years...
June 2018: Family Medicine
Hugh Silk, Judith A Savageau, Kate Sullivan, Gail Sawosik, Min Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: National initiatives have encouraged oral health training for family physicians and other nondental providers for almost 2 decades. Our national survey assesses progress of family medicine residency programs on this important health topic since our last survey in 2011. METHODS: Family medicine residency program directors (PDs) completed an online survey covering various themes including number of hours of oral health (OH) teaching, topics covered, barriers, evaluation, positive influences, and program demographics...
June 2018: Family Medicine
Ambika Mathur, Christine S Chow, Andrew L Feig, Heidi Kenaga, Judith A Moldenhauer, Nisansala S Muthunayake, Mathew L Ouellett, Laura E Pence, Victoria Straub
The Broadening Experiences in Scientific Experiences (BEST) program at Wayne State University was designed to increase doctoral students' awareness of multiple employment sectors beyond academia, improve their knowledge of transferable skills required to succeed in any career path, provide opportunities to explore diverse career paths, and gain in-depth knowledge about those paths using experiential learning opportunities. We devised a three-phase program that ranged from providing students with a broad introduction to multiple career opportunities to immersive experiential learning in a specific career sector...
2018: PloS One
Elizabeth A Gazza, Teresa Shellenbarger, Diane F Hunker
AIM: This study explored master of science in nursing students' self-assessed use of the evidence-based knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) of scholarly writing. BACKGROUND: Understanding MSN students' self-assessed use of the KSAs of writing can help faculty better prepare MSN graduates to advance the science of nursing through scholarly writing. METHOD: A descriptive correlational design was used to determine how a national sample of 76 MSN students assessed their ability to demonstrate the KSAs of scholarly writing and to determine associations between select demographic variables and the self-assessment results...
June 21, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Linda Moody, Cynthia Teel, Jill Peltzer
AIM: This project developed a comprehensive set of bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) completion messaging materials that associate degree in nursing (ADN) faculty can use to advise and encourage students to complete the BSN. BACKGROUND: The Future of Nursing report calls for increasing the proportion of baccalaureate-prepared nurses to 80 percent by 2020. Faculty who teach in ADN programs have opportunities to advise students in advancing their nursing education yet often lack information to guide these conversations...
June 21, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Marianna Bolognesi, Gerard Steen
Our ability to deal with abstract concepts is one of the most intriguing faculties of human cognition. Still, we know little about how such concepts are formed, processed, and represented in mind. For example, because abstract concepts do not designate referents that can be experienced through our body, the role of perceptual experiences in shaping their content remains controversial. Current theories suggest a variety of alternative explanations to the question of "how abstract concepts are represented in the human mind...
June 22, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
S Seyfried, S Post, P Kienle, C L Galata
BACKGROUND: Recurrent disease at the anastomotic site after bowel resection represents a major problem in patients with Crohn's disease. In 2011, a new anastomotic technique (Kono-S anastomosis) was published, which as a functional end-to-end anastomosis creating a wide anastomotic diameter aimed to reduce the rate of recurrence after surgery. AIM: To evaluate the Kono-S anastomosis with respect to early and late postoperative complications and recurrence rate after surgical intestinal resection in patients with Crohn's disease at a university center...
June 21, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Adam Cheng, Vinay M Nadkarni, Mary Beth Mancini, Elizabeth A Hunt, Elizabeth H Sinz, Raina M Merchant, Aaron Donoghue, Jonathan P Duff, Walter Eppich, Marc Auerbach, Blair L Bigham, Audrey L Blewer, Paul S Chan, Farhan Bhanji
The formula for survival in resuscitation describes educational efficiency and local implementation as key determinants in survival after cardiac arrest. Current educational offerings in the form of standardized online and face-to-face courses are falling short, with providers demonstrating a decay of skills over time. This translates to suboptimal clinical care and poor survival outcomes from cardiac arrest. In many institutions, guidelines taught in courses are not thoughtfully implemented in the clinical environment...
June 21, 2018: Circulation
Agathe Streiff, Barbara Orlando, Bryan Mahoney
Background: To maintain compliance with the current shift towards competency-based milestone assessment in graduate medical education, residency training programs must reflect this emphasis in their curricula starting with the intern year of training.1 In working towards collaborative efforts in curricular development between Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology residency programs, understanding the structure and design of the clinical base year for anesthesiology residency programs nationwide will serve as a valuable initial step...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Susan M Martinelli, Fei Chen, Matthew D Mcevoy, David A Zvara, Randall M Schell
Background: Flipped classroom (FC) is an active learning (AL) technique thought to have potential benefits in anesthesiology resident education. This survey aimed to determine the frequency of FC utilization, barriers of utilization, and means to overcome these barriers. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed to survey anesthesiology faculty on their knowledge of and experience with FC. The Society of Academic Associations of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine sent the survey to all United States core program directors (PD) via their list serve with a request for the PDs to forward the survey invitation to their clinical faculty...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
Kevin A Kovach, Christina R Welter, Steven M Seweryn, Griselle Torres
OBJECTIVES: Collaboration between local health departments (LHDs) and schools and programs of public health (SPPH) may be a way to improve practice, education, and research. However, little is known about why LHDs and SPPH collaborate. This mixed-methods study addressed this issue by exploring what LHDs and SPPH perceive to be beneficial about their collaboration. METHODS: A mixed-methods study using quantitative and qualitative data was conducted. A survey of 2000 LHDs that completed the 2013 National Profile of LHDs measured how important and effective LHDs perceived 30 indicators of the 10 essential public health services to be for collaboration with SPPH...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Lorna Butler, Lois Berry, Heather Exner-Pirot
A number of universities have introduced Indigenous student-specific programming to improve recruitment. These programs target the needs of Indigenous students and often impart a sense of comfort or belonging that may be more difficult to obtain in a mainstream program. The University of Saskatchewan, College of Nursing, implemented a Learn Where You Live delivery model that challenged the university community to think differently about outreach and engagement. This is best described by redefining distance such that student services and supports would no longer be localized to a main campus but redesigned for distribution across the province...
2018: Nursing Leadership
Y Zhang, X T Chu, X J Zeng, H Li, F C Zhang, S Y Zhang, T Shen
Objective: To assess the value of internal medicine residency training program at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), and the feasibility of applying revised Milestones evaluation system. Methods: Postgraduate-year-one to four (PGY-1 to PGY-4) residents in PUMCH finished the revised Milestones evaluation scales in September 2017. Residents' self-evaluation and faculty-evaluation scores were calculated. Statistical analysis was conducted on the data. Results: A total of 207 residents were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Shannon K Martin, Keme Carter, Noah Hellermann, Laura R Glick, Samantha Ngooi, Marika Kachman, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
PROBLEM: Formal education in requesting consultations is inconsistent in medical education. To address this gap, the authors developed the Consultation Observed Simulated Clinical Experience (COSCE), a simulation-based curriculum for interns using Kessler et al's 5Cs of Consultation model to teach and assess consultation communication skills. APPROACH: In June 2016, 127 interns entering 12 University of Chicago Medicine residency programs participated in the COSCE pilot...
June 19, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Soleiman Ahmady, Shahram Yazdani, Fakhrolsadat Hosseini, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Ali Tabibi, Fatemeh Ahmadinia, Hoda Ahmari Tehran, Noushin Kohan, Heidar Mohammadi
PURPOSE: It is essential to adjust the responsibilities and function of medical education offices (MEOs) in regard to the current societal requirements. Therefore, it is a good idea to learn lessons from the experiences about the establishment and function of these offices around the world. The aim of the present study was to carry out a comparative study to investigate the function and structure of MEOs at some of the medical universities from America, Europe, and Asia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a comparative, descriptive study that was conducted in 2015...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Samaneh Abolbashari, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz
Background: Changes in medical education have drawn attention to student-based learning. It is necessary that teachers' educational roles be redefined to conform to these changes. While numerous educational activities are listed for medical teachers, it seems that they involve themselves in only some of these roles. We conducted this study to assess the importance of different educational roles in the view of medical faculties. Methods: A questionnaire that consisted of a total of 12 roles classified into six categories including information provider, role model, facilitator, examiner, planner, and resource developer was prepared...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
A Atici, S Emet, R Cakmak, G Yuruyen, A Alibeyoglu, M Akarsu, Y Arman, M Kose, E Ozgun, M Ozcan, O Altun, I Onur, T Tukek
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is an acute renal failure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure with an incidence of 24% to 45%. The aim of our study was to investigate the significance of new renal biomarkers to predict type 1 CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 111 patients with acute decompensated heart failure diagnosed at the Istanbul Medical Faculty Emergency Department between 2014 and 2016, and 24 healthy volunteers. All urine samples were stored at -80°C after centrifugation...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Y Ge, Y-M Cai, L Bonneau, V Rotari, A Danon, E A McKenzie, H McLellan, L Mach, P Gallois
We thank D Nicholson for initial advice on caspase activity purification and B Turk for advice on recombinant cathepsin B. We thank N Atanasova for cell death assays. The Bioimaging Facility microscopes used in this study were purchased with grants from BBSRC, Wellcome Trust and the University of Manchester Strategic Fund. Special thanks go to D Knight in the Faculty Biomolecular Analysis facility. We thank P Birch and M Kim for improving the manuscript. The project was partially funded by BBSRC Grants 34/P14516, BB/K009478/1 and China National High-Tech Research and Development Programme(863 programme)NO...
June 18, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Valentina Cuccio, Vittorio Gallese
The nature of concepts has always been a hotly debated topic in both philosophy and psychology and, more recently, also in cognitive neuroscience. Different accounts have been proposed of what concepts are. These accounts reflect deeply different conceptions of how the human mind works. In the last decades, two diametrically opposed theories of human cognition have been discussed and empirically investigated: the Computational Theory of Mind, on the one hand (Fodor 1983 The modularity of mind: an essay on faculty psychology ; Pylyshyn 1984 Computation and cognition: toward a foundation for cognitive science ), and Embodied Cognition (Barsalou 2008 Annu...
August 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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