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Todd Anderson

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903391/use-of-a-web-based-app-to-improve-postoperative-outcomes-for-patients-receiving-gynecological-oncology-care-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#1
Ilana Graetz, Janeane N Anderson, Caitlin N McKillop, Edward J Stepanski, Andrew J Paladino, Todd D Tillmanns
OBJECTIVE: Nearly 1 in 5 patients hospitalized for ovarian cancer surgery are readmitted for complications that may have been prevented with monitoring. We conducted a randomized controlled feasibility trial to evaluate a postoperative web-based app intervention to provide real-time symptom monitoring among patients diagnosed or with suspected gynecological cancer who had open bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy surgery. METHODS: Participants were randomized into two groups: (1) App + Reminder: had access to the app, and use was encouraged with daily and/or weekly reminders; (2) app: had access to the app but received no reminders...
June 11, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890891/deaf-qualitative-health-research-leveraging-technology-to-conduct-linguistically-and-sociopolitically-appropriate-methods-of-inquiry
#2
Melissa L Anderson, Timothy Riker, Kurt Gagne, Stephanie Hakulin, Todd Higgins, Jonah Meehan, Elizabeth Stout, Emma Pici-D'Ottavio, Kelsey Cappetta, Kelly S Wolf Craig
One of the most understudied health disparity populations in the United States is the Deaf community-a sociolinguistic minority group of at least 500,000 individuals who communicate using American Sign Language. Research within this population is lacking, in part, due to researchers' use of methodologies that are inaccessible to Deaf sign language users. Traditional qualitative methods were developed to collect and analyze participants' spoken language. There is, therefore, a paradigm shift that must occur to move from an auditory data schema to one that prioritizes the collection and analysis of visual data...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781169/effects-of-urbanization-on-the-population-structure-of-freshwater-turtles-across-the-united-states
#3
David R Bowne, Bradley J Cosentino, Laurel J Anderson, Christopher P Bloch, Sandra Cooke, Patrick W Crumrine, Jason Dallas, Alexandra Doran, Jerald J Dosch, Daniel L Druckenbrod, Richard D Durtsche, Danielle Garneau, Kristen S Genet, Todd S Fredericksen, Peter A Kish, Mary Beth Kolozsvary, Frank T Kuserk, Erin S Lindquist, Carol Mankiewicz, James G March, Timothy J Muir, K Greg Murray, Madeline N Santulli, Frank J Sicignano, Peter D Smallwood, Rebecca A Urban, Kathy Winnett-Murray, Craig R Zimmermann
Landscape-scale alterations that accompany urbanization may negatively affect the population structure of wildlife species such as freshwater turtles. Changes to nesting sites and higher mortality rates due to vehicular collisions and increased predator populations may particularly affect immature turtles and mature female turtles. We hypothesized that the proportions of adult female and immature turtles in a population will negatively correlate with landscape urbanization. As a collaborative effort of the Ecological Research as Education Network (EREN), we sampled freshwater turtle populations in 11 states across the central and eastern United States...
May 20, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770445/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-program-with-participation-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries
#4
Todd Gilmer, Patrick J O'Connor, Jeffrey S Schiff, Gretchen Taylor, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Joyce E Garrett, Houa Vue-Her, Sarah Rinn, Julie Anderson, Jay Desai
OBJECTIVE: To examine the cost-effectiveness of a community-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) for Medicaid beneficiaries from the perspective of the health care sector. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: A total of 847 Medicaid enrollees at high risk for type 2 diabetes participating in a community-based DPP. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post clinical outcome and cost data were used as inputs into a validated diabetes simulation model. The model was used to evaluate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and health care costs over a 40-year time horizon from the perspective of the health care sector...
May 16, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758485/isolation-characterization-and-strain-selection-of-a-paenibacillus-species-for-use-as-a-probiotic-to-aid-in-ruminal-methane-mitigation-nitrate-nitrite-detoxification-and-food-safety
#5
Elizabeth A Latham, William E Pinchak, Julian Trachsel, Heather K Allen, Todd R Callaway, David J Nisbet, Robin C Anderson
The effects of dietary nitrate and Paenibacillus 79R4 (79R4), a denitrifying bacterium, when co-administered as a probiotic, on methane emissions, nitrate and nitrite-metabolizing capacity and fermentation characteristics were studied in vitro. Mixed populations of rumen microbes inoculated with 79R4 metabolized all levels of nitrite studied after 24 h in vitro incubation. Results from in vitro simulations resulted in up to 2 log10 colony forming unit reductions in E. coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter jejuni when these were co-cultured with 79R4...
April 30, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733905/bouffant-vs-skull-cap-and-impact-on-surgical-site-infection-does-operating-room-headgear-really-matter
#6
Shanu N Kothari, Madeline J Anderson, Andrew J Borgert, Kara J Kallies, Todd J Kowalski
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) guidelines indicate that skullcaps are acceptable, while the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) recommends bouffant caps. However, no scientific evidence has shown a significant advantage in surgical site infection (SSI) reduction with either cap. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of surgical cap choice on SSIs. STUDY DESIGN: Data from a previously published prospective randomized trial on the impact of hair clipping on SSI were analyzed...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729184/fish-predators-reduce-kelp-frond-loss-via-a-trait-mediated-trophic-cascade
#7
Miranda B Haggerty, Todd W Anderson, Jeremy D Long
Although trophic cascades were originally believed to be driven only by predators eating prey, there is mounting evidence that such cascades can be generated in large part via non-consumptive effects. This is especially important in cascades affecting habitat-forming foundation species that in turn, influence associated communities. Here, we use laboratory and field experiments to identify a trait-mediated indirect interaction between predators and an abundant kelp in a marine temperate reef system. Predation risk from a microcarnivorous fish, the señorita, suppressed grazing by the host-specific seaweed limpet, which in turn, influenced frond loss of the habitat-forming feather boa kelp...
May 5, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698329/trends-in-health-disparities-health-inequity-and-social-determinants-of-health-research-a-17-year-analysis-of-ninr-nci-nhlbi-and-nimhd-funding
#8
Shawn M Kneipp, Todd A Schwartz, Denise J Drevdahl, Mary K Canales, Sheila Santacroce, Hudson P Santos, Ruth Anderson
BACKGROUND: The theoretical landscape of health disparities research now emphasizes health inequities and the role that social determinants of health (SDOH) play in creating and perpetuating them. Whether National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding patterns reflect this theoretical shift is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the National Institute of Nursing Research's (NINR) funding for research focused on health disparities, health inequities, and SDOH, relative to other key NIH institutes...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691889/ecological-risk-assessment-of-perfluooroctane-sulfonate-pfos-to-aquatic-fauna-from-a-bayou-adjacent-to-former-fire-training-areas-at-a-u-s-air-force-installation
#9
Christopher J Salice, Todd A Anderson, Richard H Anderson, Adric D Olson
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) continue to receive significant attention with particular concern for PFASs such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) which was a constituent of Aqueous Film-Forming Foam used widely as a fire suppressant for aircraft since the 1970 s. We were interested in the potential for risk to ecological receptors inhabiting Cooper Bayou which is adjacent to two former fire-training areas (FTAs) at Barksdale Air Force Base, LA. Previous research showed higher PFOS concentrations in surface water and biota from Cooper Bayou compared to reference sites...
April 25, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676682/growth-and-alignment-of-the-pediatric-subaxial-cervical-spine-following-rigid-instrumentation-and-fusion-a-multicenter-study-of-the-pediatric-craniocervical-society
#10
Hannah E Goldstein, Justin A Neira, Matei Banu, Philipp R Aldana, Bruno P Braga, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Michael L DiLuna, Daniel H Fulkerson, Todd C Hankinson, Andrew H Jea, Sean M Lew, David D Limbrick, Jonathan Martin, Joshua M Pahys, Luis F Rodriguez, Curtis J Rozzelle, Gerald F Tuite, Nicholas M Wetjen, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE The long-term effects of surgical fusion on the growing subaxial cervical spine are largely unknown. Recent cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that there is continued growth of the cervical spine through the teenage years. The purpose of this multicenter study was to determine the effects of rigid instrumentation and fusion on the growing subaxial cervical spine by investigating vertical growth, cervical alignment, cervical curvature, and adjacent-segment instability over time. METHODS A total of 15 centers participated in this multi-institutional retrospective study...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672135/influences-of-mental-illness-current-psychological-state-and-concussion-history-on-baseline-concussion-assessment-performance
#11
Michelle L Weber, John-Henry L Dean, Nicole L Hoffman, Steven P Broglio, Michael McCrea, Thomas W McAllister, Julianne D Schmidt, April Reed Hoy, Joseph B Hazzard, Louise A Kelly, Justus D Ortega, Nicholas Port, Margot Putukian, T Dianne Langford, Ryan Tierney, Darren E Campbell, Gerald McGinty, Patrick O'Donnell, Steven J Svoboda, John P DiFiori, Christopher C Giza, Holly J Benjamin, Thomas Buckley, Thomas W Kaminski, James R Clugston, Luis A Feigenbaum, James T Eckner, Kevin Guskiewicz, Jason P Mihalik, Jessica Dysart Miles, Scott Anderson, Christina L Master, Micky Collins, Anthony P Kontos, Jeffrey J Bazarian, Sara P D Chrisman, Allison Brooks, Stefan Duma, Christopher Todd Bullers, Christopher M Miles, Brian H Dykhuizen
BACKGROUND: A student-athlete's mental state, including history of trait anxiety and depression, or current psychological state may affect baseline concussion assessment performance. PURPOSE: (1) To determine if mental illness (anxiety, depression, anxiety with depression) influences baseline scores, (2) to determine if psychological state correlates with baseline performance, and (3) to determine if history of concussion affects Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) subscores of state anxiety, depression, and somatization...
June 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655952/population-level-incidence-and-outcomes-of-myocardial-infarction-with-non-obstructive-coronary-arteries-minoca-insights-from-the-alberta-contemporary-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-invasive-treatment-strategies-coapt-study
#12
Kevin R Bainey, Robert C Welsh, Wendimagegn Alemayehu, Cynthia M Westerhout, Dean Traboulsi, Todd Anderson, Neil Brass, Paul W Armstrong, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a known clinical conundrum with limited investigation. Using a large population-based cohort, we examined the incidence, demographic profile, use of evidence-based medicines (EBM) and clinical outcomes of MINOCA patients. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of MI who underwent coronary angiography between 01/04/2002 and 31/03/2014 in Alberta, Canada, were included in the study...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629403/effectiveness-of-umeclidinium-vilanterol-for-protocolized-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-in-hospitalized-patients-a-sequential-period-analysis
#13
Todd W Chapin, Michael A Mann, Gary L Brown, Traci L Leitheiser, Becky Anderson, David D Leedahl
Background: Bronchodilator therapy is a foundation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation treatment. Although international guidelines recommend short-acting formulations given multiple times per day, long-acting formulations have not been adequately evaluated. The objective of our study was to determine the effectiveness of umeclidinium-vilanterol (UME/VIL), long-acting beta2-agonist/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LABA/LAMA) as a once-daily alternative for treating COPD exacerbations in hospitalized patients...
January 24, 2018: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558987/teenage-recommendations-to-improve-physical-activity-for-their-age-group-a-qualitative-study
#14
Michaela James, Charlotte Todd, Samantha Scott, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Danielle Christian, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins, Samantha Anderson, Isabel Copp, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that young people should engage in 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA) a day for health benefits, but few teenagers actually meet this recommendation. Policy-makers play a vital role in designing physical activity initiatives, but they generally do this with little or no input from the intervention recipients. This study explores the recommendations made by teenagers to improve activity provision, uptake and sustainability of physical activity engagement for both themselves and their peers...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554356/comparison-of-fusion-rates-based-on-graft-material-following-occipitocervical-and-atlantoaxial-arthrodesis-in-adults-and-children
#15
Leslie C Robinson, Richard C E Anderson, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Michelle R Torok, Todd C Hankinson
BACKGROUND: Fusion rates following rigid internal instrumentation for occipitocervical and atlantoaxial instability approach 100% in many reports. Based on this success and the morbidity that can be associated with obtaining autograft for fusion, surgeons increasingly select alternative graft materials. OBJECTIVE: To examine fusion failure using various graft materials in a retrospective observational study. METHODS: Insurance claims databases (Truven Health MarketScan® [Truven Health Analytics, Ann Arbor, Michigan] and IMS Health Lifelink/PHARMetrics [IMS Health, Danbury, Connecticut]) were used to identify patients with CPT codes 22590 and 22595...
March 15, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554305/neuroradiological-and-neuropathological-changes-after-177lu-octreotate-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-of-refractory-esthesioneuroblastoma
#16
Julia R Schneider, Deborah R Shatzkes, Stephen C Scharf, Tristan M Tham, Kay O Kulason, François-Alexandre Buteau, Michela Del Prete, Shamik Chakraborty, Todd A Anderson, Saeed Asiry, Jean-Mathieu Beauregard, David J Langer, Peter D Costantino, John A Boockvar
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Olfactory neuroblastoma, also known as esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB), is a malignant neoplasm with an unpredictable behavior. Currently, the widely accepted treatment is inductive chemotherapy, with or without surgery, followed by radiotherapy. Since data on genetics and molecular alterations of ENB are lacking, there is no standard molecularly targeted therapy. However, ENB commonly expresses the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) that is also expressed by neuroendocrine tumors...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463586/evaluation-of-a-complex-intervention-engager-for-prisoners-with-common-mental-health-problems-near-to-and-after-release-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Tim Kirkpatrick, Charlotte Lennox, Rod Taylor, Rob Anderson, Michael Maguire, Mark Haddad, Susan Michie, Christabel Owens, Graham Durcan, Alex Stirzaker, William Henley, Caroline Stevenson, Lauren Carroll, Cath Quinn, Sarah Louise Brand, Tirril Harris, Amy Stewart, Roxanne Todd, Sarah Rybczynska-Bunt, Rebecca Greer, Mark Pearson, Jenny Shaw, Richard Byng
INTRODUCTION: The 'Engager' programme is a 'through-the-gate' intervention designed to support prisoners with common mental health problems as they transition from prison back into the community. The trial will evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Engager intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study is a parallel two-group randomised controlled trial with 1:1 individual allocation to either: (a) the Engager intervention plus standard care (intervention group) or (b) standard care alone (control group) across two investigation centres (South West and North West of England)...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451300/decreased-anterior-cingulate-activation-in-a-motor-task-in-youths-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Jace B King, Jeffrey S Anderson, Deborah A Yurgelun-Todd, Punitha Subramaniam, Marie R Ehrler, Melissa P Lopez-Larson
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BP) is characterized by abnormal shifts in mood between episodes of mania and severe depression, both of which have been linked with psychomotor disturbances. This study compares brain activation patterns in motor networks between euthymic youths with BP and healthy controls (HC) during the completion of a simple motor task. METHODS: Thirty-five youths with BP and 35 HC (aged 10-19) completed a self-paced sequential bilateral finger-tapping task, consisting of a 4-minute scan block with alternating 20-second periods of either the tapping task (six blocks) or rest (six blocks), while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438943/perfluoroalkylsulfonic-and-carboxylic-acids-in-earthworms-eisenia-fetida-accumulation-and-effects-results-from-spiked-soils-at-pfas-concentrations-bracketing-environmental-relevance
#19
Adcharee Karnjanapiboonwong, Sanjit K Deb, Seenivasan Subbiah, Degeng Wang, Todd A Anderson
Effects of perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (PFBS), perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA) on earthworms (Eisenia fetida) in soils contaminated with these compounds at 0.1, 1, 10, 1,000, and 100,000 μg kg-1 dry weight, covering concentration levels found in background, biosolid-amended, and facility-surrounding soils, were investigated. Earthworms were exposed to spiked soil for 21 days. Concentrations of these compounds in earthworms after 21-d exposure ranged from below detection to 127 mg kg-1 wet weight with the rank order of PFNA > PFHxS > PFHpA > PFBS; no mortality of earthworms was observed in all treatments including controls, except PFBS at 1,000 μg kg-1 and all PFASs at 100,000 μg kg-1 ...
May 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438602/international-consensus-statement-on-allergy-and-rhinology-allergic-rhinitis
#20
Sarah K Wise, Sandra Y Lin, Elina Toskala, Richard R Orlandi, Cezmi A Akdis, Jeremiah A Alt, Antoine Azar, Fuad M Baroody, Claus Bachert, G Walter Canonica, Thomas Chacko, Cemal Cingi, Giorgio Ciprandi, Jacquelynne Corey, Linda S Cox, Peter Socrates Creticos, Adnan Custovic, Cecelia Damask, Adam DeConde, John M DelGaudio, Charles S Ebert, Jean Anderson Eloy, Carrie E Flanagan, Wytske J Fokkens, Christine Franzese, Jan Gosepath, Ashleigh Halderman, Robert G Hamilton, Hans Jürgen Hoffman, Jens M Hohlfeld, Steven M Houser, Peter H Hwang, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Deborah Jarvis, Ayesha N Khalid, Maritta Kilpeläinen, Todd T Kingdom, Helene Krouse, Desiree Larenas-Linnemann, Adrienne M Laury, Stella E Lee, Joshua M Levy, Amber U Luong, Bradley F Marple, Edward D McCoul, K Christopher McMains, Erik Melén, James W Mims, Gianna Moscato, Joaquim Mullol, Harold S Nelson, Monica Patadia, Ruby Pawankar, Oliver Pfaar, Michael P Platt, William Reisacher, Carmen Rondón, Luke Rudmik, Matthew Ryan, Joaquin Sastre, Rodney J Schlosser, Russell A Settipane, Hemant P Sharma, Aziz Sheikh, Timothy L Smith, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn, Jody R Tversky, Maria C Veling, De Yun Wang, Marit Westman, Magnus Wickman, Mark Zacharek
BACKGROUND: Critical examination of the quality and validity of available allergic rhinitis (AR) literature is necessary to improve understanding and to appropriately translate this knowledge to clinical care of the AR patient. To evaluate the existing AR literature, international multidisciplinary experts with an interest in AR have produced the International Consensus statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Allergic Rhinitis (ICAR:AR). METHODS: Using previously described methodology, specific topics were developed relating to AR...
February 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
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