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gender, marriage, and divorce

Youran Zhang, Gang Chen, Qi Zhang, Jun Lu, Huijiong Yu
Background: Non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors can co-exist with disability and cause a greater burden on the health status of adults with disabilities. A lack of egalitarian social policies in China may result in gender disparities in the NCD risk factors of adults with disabilities. However, little is known about the gender disparities in the association between socio-demographics and NCD risk factors among adults with disabilities in China; consequently, we examined this association among adults with disabilities in Shanghai, China...
2018: PeerJ
Léa Pessin
Using a regional measure of gender norms from the General Social Surveys together with marital histories from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, this study explored how gender norms were associated with women's marriage dynamics between 1968 and 2012. Results suggested that a higher prevalence of egalitarian gender norms predicted a decline in marriage formation. This decline was, however, only true for women without a college degree. For college-educated women, the association between gender norms and marriage formation became positive when gender egalitarianism prevailed...
February 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Saltanat Childress
This article develops a grounded theory of help-seeking to investigate the social and cultural determinants of help-seeking among Kyrgyz women who have experienced domestic violence. Results indicate that cultural traditions and social norms-most notably the social construction of marriage, the shame associated with divorce, and the status of daughters-in-law in Kyrgyz society-are used to justify domestic violence and prevent victims from seeking help. The proposed theory and results suggest that scholars, policymakers, and front-line contacts must emphasize dispelling myths, misconceptions, and traditional beliefs about gender and marriage to break the abusive dynamics and provide professional help...
May 2018: Violence Against Women
Nayreen Daruwalla, Ketaki Hate, Preethi Pinto, Gauri Ambavkar, Bhaskar Kakad, David Osrin
Background : The contribution of structural inequalities and societal legitimisation to violence against women, which 30% of women in India survive each year, is widely accepted. There is a consensus that interventions should aim to change gender norms, particularly through community mobilisation. How this should be done is less clear. Methods : We did a qualitative study in a large informal settlement in Mumbai, an environment that characterises 41% of households. After reviewing the anonymised records of consultations with 1653 survivors of violence, we conducted 5 focus group discussions and 13 individual interviews with 71 women and men representing a range of age groups and communities...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
Başak Can
Drawing on 20 semi-structured interviews with women garment workers in a low-income neighbourhood of Istanbul, and observations in the ateliers where they worked, this article examines their work experiences in the gendered and sexualised work atmosphere of garment workshops. There are three interrelated levels upon which the gender-related issues emerge in women garment workers' stories. The first set of discourses portrays young female garment workers in highly sexualised terms, and the second concerns the use of kinship vocabulary and avoidance of impersonal work relationships...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
André Grow, Christine Schnor, Jan Van Bavel
Recent evidence from the United States suggests that the reversal of the gender gap in education was associated with changes in relative divorce risks: hypogamous marriages, where the wife was more educated than the husband, used to have a higher divorce risk than hypergamous marriages, where the husband was more educated, but this difference has disappeared. One interpretation holds that this may result from cultural change, involving increasing social acceptance of hypogamy. We propose an alternative mechanism that need not presuppose cultural change: the gender-gap reversal in education has changed the availability of alternatives from which highly educated women and men can choose new partners...
October 2017: Population Studies
Eyad Fawzi AlSaeed, Mutahir A Tunio
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the dietary habits, engagement in various sports, smoking habits, marital status and other demographic characteristics, between cancer patients and healthy adults (control) at our institute, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 500 participants (237 cancer patients and 263 healthy adults). A well-structured questionnaire was given to these participants regarding the life style, dietary habits, and marital status through interviews...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Albert Esteve, Christine R Schwartz, Jan Van Bavel, Iñaki Permanyer, Martin Klesment, Joan Garcia
The gender gap in education that has long favored men has reversed for young adults in almost all high and middle-income countries. In 2010, the proportion of women aged 25-29 with a college education was higher than that of men in more than 139 countries which altogether represent 86% of the world's population. According to recent population forecasts, women will have more education than men in nearly every country in the world by 2050, with the exception of only a few African and West Asian countries (KC et al...
December 2016: Population and Development Review
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
Maria Pina Dore, Laura Piras, Liliana Lorettu, Giovanni Mario Pes
The prevalence of psychotropic drugs usage is growing in the general population. Moreover, patients with dyspeptic symptoms are increasingly referred to the use of psychiatric and antianxiety drugs in addition to the primary medical treatment. The focus of this observational retrospective study was to investigate the burden of psychotropic drugs usage in a cohort of patients with uninvestigated dyspepsia scheduled for esophagogastroduodenoscopy.Medical records of 11,275 patients (4377 men and 6898 women, age range 18-96 years) referred to the Gastroenterology Unit of the University of Sassari, Sardinia, between January 1995 and December 2013 were reviewed...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sally Mmanyi Mtenga, Eveline Geubbels, Marcel Tanner, Sonja Merten, Constanze Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Behavioral change approaches for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in Tanzania encourage married partners to observe safe sex practices (condom use, avoidance of, or safe sex with multiple partners). To implement this advice, partners need to communicate with each other about safer sex, which is often challenging. Although social-structural factors are crucial in understanding sexual behavior, only a few studies focus on understanding safer sex dialogue in a broader social context...
2016: Global Health Action
Bina Knöpfli, Davide Morselli, Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello
BACKGROUND: Marital dissolution is known to be among the most stressful life events with long-reaching negative consequences on individuals' lives. A limitation in research to date is that most studies have focused on the impact of marital disruption on well-being outcomes in younger adults. Furthermore, although population-based studies on divorce document a broad range of negative effects, more fine-grained analyses reveal a large heterogeneity in people's adjustment, which is still not well understood...
2016: Gerontology
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Reczek, Corinne, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, and Debra Umberson. "Marital Histories and Heavy Alcohol Use among Older Adults." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 57(1):77-96. doi:10.1177/0022146515628028In the above article, the 'n' values in the Abstract section were incorrect. The correct values are shown below. ABSTRACT: We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use...
June 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Corinne Reczek, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, Debra Umberson
We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use. We test this approach using individual-level (n = 10,457) and couple-level (n = 2,170) longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, and individual-level (n = 46) and couple-level (n = 42) in-depth interview data. Quantitative results show that marriage, including remarriage, reduces men's but increases women's drinking relative to being never married and previously married, whereas divorce increases men's but decrease women's drinking, with some variation by age...
March 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Heeju Sohn
Most American adults under 65 obtain health insurance through their employers or their spouses' employers. The absence of a universal healthcare system in the United States puts Americans at considerable risk for losing their coverage when transitioning out of jobs or marriages. Scholars have found evidence of reduced job mobility among individuals who are dependent on their employers for healthcare coverage. This paper finds similar relationships between insurance and divorce. I apply the hazard model to married individuals in the longitudinal Survey of Income Program Participation (N=17,388) and find lower divorce rates among people who are insured through their partners' plans without alternative sources of their own...
August 2015: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Ghasem Miri-Aliabad, Mahsoumeh Fadaee, Ali Khajeh, Majid Naderi
Expecting a family is an important component and a great goal for better quality of life for most of adults with β-thalassemia major. The aim of the present study was to examine the marital status of adults with β-thalassemia major. This cross-sectional study examined the marital status of patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia aged over 15 years. Patients' demographic characteristics including age, gender, marital status, duration of marriage, divorce, having or not having children and spouse's health status were recorded...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Amelia Karraker, Kenzie Latham
The health consequences of marital dissolution are well known, but little work has examined the impact of health on the risk of marital dissolution. We use a sample of 2,701 marriages from the Health and Retirement Study to examine the role of serious physical illness onset in subsequent marital dissolution via either divorce or widowhood. We use a series of discrete time event history models with competing risks to estimate the impact of husband's and wife's physical illness onset on risk of divorce and widowhood...
September 2015: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Aart C Liefbroer, Anne-Rigt Poortman, Judith A Seltzer
BACKGROUND: Most research asks whether or not cohabitation has come to rival marriage. Little is known about the meaning of living apart together (LAT) relationships, and whether LAT is an alternative to marriage and cohabitation or a dating relationship. OBJECTIVE: We examine across Europe: (1) the prevalence of LAT, (2) the reasons for LAT, and (3) the correlates of (a) LAT relationships vis-à-vis being single, married, or cohabiting, and (b) different types of LAT union...
January 2015: Demographic Research
N Spark-du Preez, B Zaba, C Nyamukapa, M Mlilo, S Gregson
A cross-sectional study of 7 667 non-virgins between 15 and 54 years of age was carried out to assess the protective effect of marriage against HIV acquisition in a rural population in Zimbabwe, whilst taking into account gender-differentials in risk factors for seroconversion. Persons in stable first marriages and long-term consensual cohabiting unions had higher odds of HIV infection than never-married people but a lower risk than those who had been divorced or widowed, even after adjusting for known confounders and significant risk factors for infection...
May 2004: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Kyle J Bourassa, David A Sbarra, Mark A Whisman
Although marital dissolution is associated with increased risk for poor mental and physical health outcomes, many people report improvements in functioning after divorce. To study the hypothesis that women in lower quality marriages would report the best outcomes upon separation/divorce, we investigated the combined effects of marital quality, gender, and marital status for predicting changes in life satisfaction (LS). Participants (N = 1,639; 50.3% men) were drawn from a nationally representative sample (Midlife in the United States Study), which included assessments of marital quality, marital status, and LS, at 2 time points (T1 and T2), roughly 10 years apart...
June 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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