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gender, marriage, and divorce

Sally Mmanyi Mtenga, Eveline Geubbels, Marcel Tanner, Sonja Merten, Constanze Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Behavioral change approaches for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in Tanzania encourage married partners to observe safe sex practices (condom use, avoidance of, or safe sex with multiple partners). To implement this advice, partners need to communicate with each other about safer sex, which is often challenging. Although social-structural factors are crucial in understanding sexual behavior, only a few studies focus on understanding safer sex dialogue in a broader social context...
2016: Global Health Action
Bina Knöpfli, Davide Morselli, Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello
BACKGROUND: Marital dissolution is known to be among the most stressful life events with long-reaching negative consequences on individuals' lives. A limitation in research to date is that most studies have focused on the impact of marital disruption on well-being outcomes in younger adults. Furthermore, although population-based studies on divorce document a broad range of negative effects, more fine-grained analyses reveal a large heterogeneity in people's adjustment, which is still not well understood...
2016: Gerontology
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Reczek, Corinne, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, and Debra Umberson. "Marital Histories and Heavy Alcohol Use among Older Adults." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 57(1):77-96. doi:10.1177/0022146515628028In the above article, the 'n' values in the Abstract section were incorrect. The correct values are shown below. ABSTRACT: We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use...
June 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Corinne Reczek, Tetyana Pudrovska, Deborah Carr, Mieke Beth Thomeer, Debra Umberson
We develop a gendered marital biography approach-which emphasizes the accumulating gendered experiences of singlehood, marriage, marital dissolution, and remarriage-to examine the relationship between marital statuses and transitions and heavy alcohol use. We test this approach using individual-level (n = 10,457) and couple-level (n = 2,170) longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, and individual-level (n = 46) and couple-level (n = 42) in-depth interview data. Quantitative results show that marriage, including remarriage, reduces men's but increases women's drinking relative to being never married and previously married, whereas divorce increases men's but decrease women's drinking, with some variation by age...
March 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Heeju Sohn
Most American adults under 65 obtain health insurance through their employers or their spouses' employers. The absence of a universal healthcare system in the United States puts Americans at considerable risk for losing their coverage when transitioning out of jobs or marriages. Scholars have found evidence of reduced job mobility among individuals who are dependent on their employers for healthcare coverage. This paper finds similar relationships between insurance and divorce. I apply the hazard model to married individuals in the longitudinal Survey of Income Program Participation (N=17,388) and find lower divorce rates among people who are insured through their partners' plans without alternative sources of their own...
August 2015: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Ghasem Miri-Aliabad, Mahsoumeh Fadaee, Ali Khajeh, Majid Naderi
Expecting a family is an important component and a great goal for better quality of life for most of adults with β-thalassemia major. The aim of the present study was to examine the marital status of adults with β-thalassemia major. This cross-sectional study examined the marital status of patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia aged over 15 years. Patients' demographic characteristics including age, gender, marital status, duration of marriage, divorce, having or not having children and spouse's health status were recorded...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Amelia Karraker, Kenzie Latham
The health consequences of marital dissolution are well known, but little work has examined the impact of health on the risk of marital dissolution. We use a sample of 2,701 marriages from the Health and Retirement Study to examine the role of serious physical illness onset in subsequent marital dissolution via either divorce or widowhood. We use a series of discrete time event history models with competing risks to estimate the impact of husband's and wife's physical illness onset on risk of divorce and widowhood...
September 2015: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Aart C Liefbroer, Anne-Rigt Poortman, Judith A Seltzer
BACKGROUND: Most research asks whether or not cohabitation has come to rival marriage. Little is known about the meaning of living apart together (LAT) relationships, and whether LAT is an alternative to marriage and cohabitation or a dating relationship. OBJECTIVE: We examine across Europe: (1) the prevalence of LAT, (2) the reasons for LAT, and (3) the correlates of (a) LAT relationships vis-à-vis being single, married, or cohabiting, and (b) different types of LAT union...
January 2015: Demographic Research
N Spark-du Preez, B Zaba, C Nyamukapa, M Mlilo, S Gregson
A cross-sectional study of 7 667 non-virgins between 15 and 54 years of age was carried out to assess the protective effect of marriage against HIV acquisition in a rural population in Zimbabwe, whilst taking into account gender-differentials in risk factors for seroconversion. Persons in stable first marriages and long-term consensual cohabiting unions had higher odds of HIV infection than never-married people but a lower risk than those who had been divorced or widowed, even after adjusting for known confounders and significant risk factors for infection...
May 2004: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Kyle J Bourassa, David A Sbarra, Mark A Whisman
Although marital dissolution is associated with increased risk for poor mental and physical health outcomes, many people report improvements in functioning after divorce. To study the hypothesis that women in lower quality marriages would report the best outcomes upon separation/divorce, we investigated the combined effects of marital quality, gender, and marital status for predicting changes in life satisfaction (LS). Participants (N = 1,639; 50.3% men) were drawn from a nationally representative sample (Midlife in the United States Study), which included assessments of marital quality, marital status, and LS, at 2 time points (T1 and T2), roughly 10 years apart...
June 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Rochelle Burgess, Catherine Campbell
Many emphasise the need for policies that support women's agency in highly coercive settings, and the importance of involving target women in public deliberation to inform policy design. The Ugandan Marriage and Divorce Bill seeks to strengthen women's agency in marriage, but has faced many obstacles, including objections from many women themselves in public consultations. We explore key stakeholders' accounts of the difficulties facing the Bill's progress to date, through focus groups with 24 rural and urban men and women, interviews with 14 gender champions in government, non-governmental organisations and legal sectors, and 25 relevant media and radio reports...
2016: Global Public Health
Amelia Karraker, Kenzie Latham
The health consequences of marital dissolution are well known, but little work has examined the impact of health on the risk of marital dissolution. In this study we use a sample of 2,701 marriages from the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2010) to examine the role of serious physical illness onset (i.e., cancer, heart problems, lung disease, and/or stroke) in subsequent marital dissolution due to either divorce or widowhood. We use a series of discrete-time event history models with competing risks to estimate the impact of husband's and wife's physical illness onset on risk of divorce and widowhood...
March 2015: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Soumitra Pathare, Renuka Nardodkar, Laura Shields, Joske F G Bunders, Jaya Sagade
INTRODUCTION: Section 5(ii) of The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (HMA) states that under certain circumstances, mental illness is accepted as a ground for the annulment of marriage, while Section 13(1) (iii) states that mental illness is a ground for divorce. There is little data on how this provision is used and applied in matrimonial petitions. This paper assesses judicial practices in divorce cases, exploring the extent to which gender and the diagnosis of mental illness affect the decision to grant annulment or divorce...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Mohammed Ali Albar
BACKGROUND: Islam acknowledges that infertility is a significant hardship. Attempts to cure infertility are not only permissible, but also encouraged in Islam. Over the last three decades, a multitude of advances in assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have appeared. This review was carried out to inform readers, who are not familiar with Islamic doctrine, about the Sunni perspective on this topic. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature. METHOD: A series of searches was conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 1978 and December 2013 with the following KEYWORDS: assisted reproduction, infertility, gender selection, ethics, bioethics, and Islam...
June 2015: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Philip Anglewicz, Georges Reniers
Awareness of and responses to HIV health risks stemming from relations between sexual partners have been well documented in sub-Saharan Africa, but few studies have estimated the effects of observed HIV status on marriage decisions and outcomes. We study marriage dissolution and remarriage in rural Malawi using longitudinal data with repeated HIV and marital status measurements. Results indicate that HIV-positive individuals face greater risks of union dissolution (via both widowhood and divorce) and lower remarriage rates...
December 2014: Studies in Family Planning
Jonathan Scourfield, Rhiannon Evans
Relationship breakdown constitutes a major risk factor for suicide ideation and completion. Although no definitive conclusion can be reached about a gender differential in susceptibility to this factor, several studies have identified that there is an elevated risk factor in men following divorce and separation. This article presents an overview of sociological explanations that may be employed to understand this phenomenon. There is discussion of the changing nature of intimacy, men's loss of honor, marriage as a more positive experience for men than for women, control in relationships, the increasing importance of the care of children for men, and men's social networks...
September 2015: American Journal of Men's Health
Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park, Jae-Hyun Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Sohee Park
BACKGROUND: The divorce rate has been increasing rapidly in Korea; the single rate and trends in divorce are also changing rapidly. This study aimed to examine the relationship between marital status and quality of life (QOL) in an attempt to understand these changes. We also investigated the relationship between QOL and marital status by age group. METHODS: We used data from the Community Health Survey (2008: n = 200,800; 2009: n = 227,700; 2010: n = 229,229) administered by the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
2014: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
James A Cranford
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among alcohol use disorder (AUD), stressful life events, and marital dissolution in a probability sample of adults. METHOD: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a prospective, longitudinal study of a probability sample of 43,083 adults 18 years of age and older living in the United States. The interval between Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) was approximately 3 years...
May 2014: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Ha Song Vu, Sidney Schuler, Tu Anh Hoang, Trang Quach
This paper examines obstacles for women who face domestic violence in making decisions about divorce and in seeking and securing support for a divorce. The research was undertaken in the context of a project in one district of a coastal province in Vietnam that sought to reduce gender based-violence and mitigate its effects. Data from in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions are used to examine abused women's attitudes, strategies and behaviours and the responses of people in their communities and in the support system established by the project...
June 2014: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Alfred Demaris
This study examines several aspects of the association between engaging in extramarital sex and the disruption of one's marriage. In particular: is there a differential effect on disruption depending on the gender of the perpetrator? Is the effect of infidelity primarily due to its negative impact on marital quality and one's resistance to divorce? Are there characteristics of marriages that condition the effect of infidelity? Panel data on 1621 respondents followed from 1980 - 2000 in the Marital Instability Over the Life Course survey were utilized to answer these questions...
November 1, 2013: Journal of Family Issues
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