keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

congenital cystic lung

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441110/case-of-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-associated-with-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-in-a-neonate
#1
Juneyoug Koh, Euiseok Jung, Se Jin Jang, Dong Kwan Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Ki-Soo Kim, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), previously known as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, is a rare developmental lung abnormality associated with rhabdomyosarcoma, pleuropulmonary blastoma, and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung. We report an unusual case of a 10-day-old male newborn with a left lower lobe pulmonary cyst who underwent lobectomy, which revealed type II CPAM complicated by multifocal mucinous adenocarcinoma. KRAS sequencing revealed a somatic mutation in Codon12 (GGT → GAT), suggesting the development of a mucinous adenocarcinoma in the background of mucinous metaplasia...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390425/a-blind-vascular-ring-in-association-with-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-case-report
#2
Bo Xia, Chun Hong, Jing Tang, Cuifen Liu, Gang Yu
RATIONALE: The occurrence of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and vascular ring (VR) is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of left CCAM with VR consisting of a left aortic arch and right descending aorta with left tracheal compression causing atelectasis. DIAGNOSES: A high-risk male neonate with the diagnosis of left CCAM was diagnosed at 20 weeks gestational age by antenatal ultrasound. Chest CT revealed multiple cysts in the left inferior lung...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390328/foregut-duplication-cyst-a-novel-computed-tomography-finding-mimicking-a-small-bowel-hernia-a-case-report
#3
Ji Eun Choi, Soyeoun Lim, Chang Ryul Park, Hee Jeong Cha, Woon-Jung Kwon
RATIONALE: A foregut duplication cyst (FDC) is an uncommon congenital disease. This report presents a case of mediastinal foregut duplication cyst that mimicked a diaphragmatic small bowel hernia. PATIENT CONCERN: A 27-month-old girl was first referred for a mediastinal lesion found incidentally on a chest radiograph. At that time, our impression was cystic lung lesion such as congenital pulmonary airway malformation or pulmonary sequestration. At the age 6 years, she presented with recurrent vomiting...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315962/multiple-dicer1-related-tumors-in-a-child-with-a-large-interstitial-14q32-deletion
#4
Leanne de Kock, Dominique Geoffrion, Barbara Rivera, Rabea Wagener, Nelly Sabbaghian, Susanne Bens, Benjamin Ellezam, Dorothée Bouron-Dal Soglio, Jessica Ordóñez, Stephanie Sacharow, Jose Fernando Polo Nieto, R Paul Guillerman, Gordan M Vujanic, John R Priest, Reiner Siebert, William D Foulkes
Germ-line interstitial deletions involving the 14q32 chromosomal region, resulting in 14q32 deletion syndrome, are rare. DICER1 is a recently described cancer-predisposition gene located at 14q32.13. We report the case of a male child with an approximately 5.8 Mbp 14q32.13q32.2 germ-line deletion, which included the full DICER1 locus. We reviewed available clinical and pathological material, and conducted genetic analyses. In addition to having congenital dysmorphic features, the child developed multiple DICER1 syndrome-related tumors before age 5 years: a pediatric cystic nephroma (pCN), a ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME), and a small lung cyst (consistent with occult pleuropulmonary blastoma Type I/Ir cysts seen in DICER1 mutation carriers)...
January 9, 2018: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290632/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-diagnosed-during-first-trimester-ultrasound-scan
#5
Georges A Markou, Georgios Dafereras, Christophe Poncelet
BACKGROUND Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is mostly reported from the second trimester of pregnancy. We report a case of a microcystic type of CCAM that was suggested by routine ultrasound examination at a gestational age of 12 weeks. CASE REPORT First-trimester ultrasound screening revealed the presence of a hyperechoic image that occupied the whole of the right lung, without no other any associated complications. The cardiac and aorta deviations with diaphragmatic eversion associated with a poly-hydramnios had subsequently appeared...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284507/a-pediatric-disease-to-keep-in-mind-diagnostic-tools-and-management-of-bronchiectasis-in-pediatric-age
#6
REVIEW
Marcella Gallucci, Emanuela di Palmo, Luca Bertelli, Federica Camela, Giampaolo Ricci, Andrea Pession
Bronchiectasis in pediatric age is a heterogeneous disease associated with significant morbidity.The most common medical conditions leading to bronchial damage are previous pneumonia and recurrent lower airway infections followed by underlying diseases such as immune-deficiencies, congenital airway defects, recurrent aspirations and mucociliary clearance disorders.The most frequent symptom is chronic wet cough. The introduction of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has improved the time of diagnosis allowing earlier treatment...
December 29, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233624/first-and-second-trimester-screening-for-fetal-structural-anomalies
#7
REVIEW
Lindsay Edwards, Lisa Hui
Fetal structural anomalies are found in up to 3% of all pregnancies and ultrasound-based screening has been an integral part of routine prenatal care for decades. The prenatal detection of fetal anomalies allows for optimal perinatal management, providing expectant parents with opportunities for additional imaging, genetic testing, and the provision of information regarding prognosis and management options. Approximately one-half of all major structural anomalies can now be detected in the first trimester, including acrania/anencephaly, abdominal wall defects, holoprosencephaly and cystic hygromata...
December 9, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110827/long-term-outcomes-of-congenital-lung-malformations
#8
Nigel J Hall, Michael P Stanton
Congenital lung malformations comprise a group of anatomical abnormalities of the respiratory tree including congenital cystic malformations, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, bronchogenic cyst, bronchial atresia, and congenital lobar emphysema. These anomalies are detected with increasing frequency by pre-natal sonography, but may also present for the first time with symptoms in childhood or later life. When symptomatic, there is little controversy that resection is indicated, which is usually curative. When a lesion is asymptomatic there is greater debate regarding the benefit of resection versus continued observation...
October 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046943/congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-state-of-the-art-review-for-pediatrician-s-use
#9
REVIEW
Claire Leblanc, Marguerite Baron, Emilie Desselas, Minh Hanh Phan, Alexis Rybak, Guillaume Thouvenin, Clara Lauby, Sabine Irtan
Congenital pulmonary airway malformations or CPAM are rare developmental lung malformations, leading to cystic and/or adenomatous pulmonary areas. Nowadays, CPAM are diagnosed prenatally, improving the prenatal and immediate postnatal care and ultimately the knowledge on CPAM pathophysiology. CPAM natural evolution can lead to infections or malignancies, whose exact prevalence is still difficult to assess. The aim of this "state-of-the-art" review is to cover the recently published literature on CPAM management whether the pulmonary lesion was detected during pregnancy or after birth, the current indications of surgery or surveillance and finally its potential evolution to pleuro-pulmonary blastoma...
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026365/incidental-finding-of-bronchopulmonary-sequestration-in-a-64-year-old-female
#10
Pichapong Tunsupon, Ayesha Arshad, Sumit Patel, M Jeffery Mador
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary sequestration is a congenital abnormality of the primitive foregut. In adults, the typical age at presentation is 20-25 years. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old female was referred for evaluation of an 8 × 6-cm right lower lobe cystic lesion. Her medical history was significant for recurrent right lower lobe pneumonia requiring multiple hospitalizations. Her physical examination was significant for crackles at the right lung base. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest with contrast showed cystic changes with thickened septation of the medial segment of the right lower lobe lacking distinct visceral pleura and with arterial supply from the anomalous branch of the thoracic aorta arising near the celiac trunk...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891233/fetoscopic-tracheal-occlusion-for-treatment-of-non-isolated-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#11
Viola Seravalli, Eric B Jelin, Jena L Miller, Aylin Tekes, Luca Vricella, Ahmet A Baschat
Fetoscopic endotracheal occlusion (FETO) is a prenatal treatment that may increase survival in severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). In the USA, FETO is offered for isolated severe left-sided CDH in the context of an FDA-approved feasibility study. FETO in non-isolated cases of severe CDH is only performed with a compassionate use exemption from US regulatory bodies. Anomalies frequently associated with CDH include congenital cystic lesions of the lung and cardiac defects. We describe two cases of non-isolated severe left-sided CDH that underwent prenatal FETO, survived after birth and underwent postnatal surgical repair...
October 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884206/neonatal-congenital-lung-tumors-the-importance-of-mid-second-trimester-ultrasound-as-a-diagnostic-clue
#12
Stephan L Waelti, Laurent Garel, Dorothée Dal Soglio, Françoise Rypens, Michael Messerli, Josée Dubois
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis for primary lung masses in neonates includes a variety of developmental abnormalities; it also consists of the much rarer congenital primary lung tumors: cystic pleuropulmonary blastoma (cystic PPB), fetal lung interstitial tumor (FLIT), congenital peribronchial myofibroblastic tumor (CPMT), and congenital fibrosarcoma. Radiologic differentiation between malformations and tumors is often very challenging. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to establish distinctive features between developmental pulmonary abnormalities and primary lung tumors...
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814498/both-ways-at-once-keeping-small-airways-clean
#13
REVIEW
Paul M Quinton
The small airways of the lungs are under constant assault from the pathogens and debris in the air that they must conduct to alveoli. Although hygiene is of paramount importance for respiratory health, the underlying principles of airway clearance have not been well integrated or established. Newly emerging concepts of simultaneous absorption and secretion of airway surface liquid (ASL) and the role of [Formula: see text] in the maturation of mucins have advanced from experimental evidence as well as observations from the congenital disease cystic fibrosis (CF) to present a novel model that integrates microanatomy with organ physiology to meet the constant challenge of cleaning small airways...
September 2017: Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812458/congenital-cystic-lung-lesions-evolution-from-in-utero-detection-to-pathology-diagnosis-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#14
Steven Hardee, Lea Tuzovic, Cicero T Silva, Robert A Cowles, Joshua Copel, Raffaella A Morotti
Congenital cystic lung lesions are a group of rare pathologies that are usually diagnosed in the prenatal period. The majority of these lesions are diagnosed at pathology examination as congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS). These lesions are typically managed by surgical intervention within the first year of life and have an excellent prognosis. We examined the evolution of imaging appearances from prenatal diagnosis to postnatal work-up of these lesions and correlate imaging and pathological findings...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774324/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-dangers-of-misdiagnosis-a-case-report
#15
Wafae El Amraoui, Aziza Bentalha, Hajar Hamri, Salma Es-Chrif El Kettani, Alae El Koraichi
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation is a rare pulmonary malformation, but is the most common lung malformation observed in children. In developing countries, such as Morocco, prenatal diagnosis is missing. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation may occur after birth in the presence of complications and needs a computed tomography scan for confirmation. However, our lack of awareness of this malformation has been responsible for a late and wrong diagnosis along with therapeutic errors...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757838/anesthetic-management-for-lobectomy-of-a-2-month-old-infant-with-bronchogenic-cyst-case-report-along-with-review-of-literature
#16
T Bansal, S Kiran, K Kamal, N Bangarwa
Bronchogenic cyst, a benign congenital cystic lesion of the lung, is a rare cause of respiratory distress in children comprising 7.5% of all mediastinal masses. A thorough preoperative evaluation is crucial to plan for definitive intra- and post-operative management. All patients should be thoroughly evaluated for the presence of compression, deviation or distortion of airways and great veins. The easiest means of providing one lung ventilation in pediatrics is to intubate the main stem bronchus of the nonoperated lung...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739257/lack-of-epithelial-ppar%C3%AE-causes-cystic-adenomatoid-malformations-in-mouse-fetal-lung
#17
Jung-Hwan Kim, Satoshi Yamaori, Tomotaka Tanabe, Mitsuhiro Takagi, Tsutomu Matsubara, Minoru Okamoto, Shioko Kimura, Frank J Gonzalez
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) plays an important role in lipid and glucose metabolism. In this study, the function of PPARγ on lung development was investigated. Lung-specific Pparg conditional knockout mice (Pparg(ΔLuEpC)) were developed using Cre-Lox system. Pparg(ΔLuEpC) mice showed abnormal lung development with enlarged airspaces and followed by increase of apoptotic cells at E14.5 to E18.5. Gene analysis revealed that expression of Pmaip1, a gene related to apoptosis, was significantly increased while expression of Retnla, a gene related to anti-apoptosis, was dramatically decreased in the fetal lung (E14...
September 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649564/primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-an-update-on-clinical-aspects-genetics-diagnosis-and-future-treatment-strategies
#18
REVIEW
Virginia Mirra, Claudius Werner, Francesca Santamaria
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an orphan disease (MIM 244400), autosomal recessive inherited, characterized by motile ciliary dysfunction. The estimated prevalence of PCD is 1:10,000 to 1:20,000 live-born children, but true prevalence could be even higher. PCD is characterized by chronic upper and lower respiratory tract disease, infertility/ectopic pregnancy, and situs anomalies, that occur in ≈50% of PCD patients (Kartagener syndrome), and these may be associated with congenital heart abnormalities...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631156/diagnosis-of-secondary-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-novel-role-for-chest-ultrasound-and-prognostic-implications
#19
Christopher Z Lam, Tanmay Anant Bhamare, Tamadhir Gazzaz, David Manson, Tilman Humpl, Mike Seed
BACKGROUND: Secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia is a complication of congenital heart disease that results from chronic pulmonary venous obstruction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the performance of chest ultrasound (US) in diagnosing secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia and to review the clinical course of children with secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest US was performed on 26 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection or cor triatriatum in a prospective observational study...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607884/rigid-bronchoscopic-placement-of-fogarty-catheter-as-a-bronchial-blocker-for-one-lung-isolation-and-ventilation-in-infants-and-children-undergoing-thoracic-surgery-a-single-institution-experience-of-27-cases
#20
Sunil Kant Kamra, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Amrish Kumar Garg, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a challenging task in infants and children as few techniques are possible because of narrow anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate and experience lung isolation with Fogarty catheters as a bronchial blocker placed by rigid bronchoscope for OLV in infants and children with lung pathologies requiring surgical management in an industrial hospital. This study is a prospective study carried out in J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (CG), from January 2011 to December 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
64183
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"