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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631156/diagnosis-of-secondary-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-novel-role-for-chest-ultrasound-and-prognostic-implications
#1
Christopher Z Lam, Tanmay Anant Bhamare, Tamadhir Gazzaz, David Manson, Tilman Humpl, Mike Seed
BACKGROUND: Secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia is a complication of congenital heart disease that results from chronic pulmonary venous obstruction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the performance of chest ultrasound (US) in diagnosing secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia and to review the clinical course of children with secondary pulmonary lymphangiectasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chest US was performed on 26 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection or cor triatriatum in a prospective observational study...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607884/rigid-bronchoscopic-placement-of-fogarty-catheter-as-a-bronchial-blocker-for-one-lung-isolation-and-ventilation-in-infants-and-children-undergoing-thoracic-surgery-a-single-institution-experience-of-27-cases
#2
Sunil Kant Kamra, Ashwin Ashok Jaiswal, Amrish Kumar Garg, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a challenging task in infants and children as few techniques are possible because of narrow anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate and experience lung isolation with Fogarty catheters as a bronchial blocker placed by rigid bronchoscope for OLV in infants and children with lung pathologies requiring surgical management in an industrial hospital. This study is a prospective study carried out in J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (CG), from January 2011 to December 2014...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584070/the-natural-history-of-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-cystic-lung-lesions-long-term-follow-up-of-119-cases
#3
James Cook, Lyn S Chitty, Paolo De Coppi, Michael Ashworth, Colin Wallis
BACKGROUND: A paucity of evidence regarding the natural history of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) and pulmonary sequestration (PS) has resulted in a divergence in management strategy of asymptomatic cases. METHODS: We describe the long-term clinical course of 119 children diagnosed with these lesions treated at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). Cases were identified via the GOSH patient database. Study entry required the identification of a cystic lung lesion on prenatal ultrasound and confirmation of CPAM/PS on postnatal CT imaging...
June 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493304/cpam-type-2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-malignancy-risk-study-in-a-14-month-old-boy
#4
Gloria Pelizzo, Maria A Avanzini, Marco Folini, Rossana Bussani, Melissa Mantelli, Stefania Croce, Gloria Acquafredda, Paola Travaglino, Graziella Cimino-Reale, Marina Boni, Irene Dambruoso, Valeria Calcaterra
INTRODUCTION: The association between congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and malignancy is reported in the literature. Interactions between the tumor, immune, and mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) have been recognized as crucial for understanding tumorigenesis. We characterized MSCs isolated from CPAM lesions in order to define potential malignancy risks. METHODS: CPAM II pulmonary tissue was used for MSC expansion; a "healthy" lung section from the same child was used as a comparator...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405541/it-s-rare-so-be-aware-pleuropulmonary-blastoma-mimicking-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation
#5
Fayza Haider, Khulood Al Saad, Fatima Al-Hashimi, Hakima Al-Hashimi
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare aggressive malignant tumor of infancy and early childhood. The tumor arises in the lung and pleura and is regarded as a pulmonary dysontogenetic or embryonic neoplasm. Four types are defined in literature. Type I PPB is a rare, cystic lung neoplasm in infants characterized by subtle malignant changes and a good prognosis. Recurrences after type I PPB are usually advanced with a poor prognosis. We report this case to increase awareness about this entity so that the pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, radiologist, and pathologist recognize it early...
January 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391172/large-bronchogenic-cyst-of-stomach-a-case-report
#6
Amine Chhaidar, Houssem Ammar, Nihed Abdessayed, Mohamed Azzaza, Rahul Gupta, Nefis Abdennaceur, Ahlem Bdioui, Moncef Mokni, Ali Ben Ali
INTRODUCTION: Bronchogenic cysts are congenital cysts arising as an abnormal budding from primitive tracheobronchial tree. They are lined by pseudostratified columnar or cuboidal ciliated epithelium and contain smooth muscle fibers, submucosal bronchial glands and/or cartilage. They are most frequently located in the mediastinum or the lung parenchyma. Intramural occurrence of bronchogenic cyst in the gastric wall is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of 65-year-old lady with a 7×8cm lesion in the gastric cardia suspicious of gastrointestinal stromal tumor...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337699/lung-ultrasound-is-comparable-with-chest-roentgenogram-for-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-hospitalised-children
#7
Krishna Kumar Yadav, Shally Awasthi, Anit Parihar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) in comparison to chest roentgenogram (CXR) in hospitalised children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This study was a hospital based prospective observational study, conducted between January 2014 and December 2014. Hospitalised children aged 2 to 59 mo with community-acquired pneumonia were included in the study. The informed written consent was taken from parents (or legal guardian) before recruitment...
March 24, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324617/rare-localized-extralobar-sequestration-with-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-case-report
#8
Satoshi Nagasaka, Satsuki Kina, Yoshihito Arimoto, Fumi Yokote, Tsuyoshi Uchida, Hirochika Matsubara
Extralobar sequestrations constitute a rare form of congenital pulmonary airway malformations that are difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a rare case of a localized extralobar sequestration in the right superior portion of the mediastinum accompanied by congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation.A 19-year-old man presented with a right upper mediastinal mass that was detected using chest radiography, had a history of left spontaneous pneumothorax, and had undergone a bullectomy 4 years previously.The initial diagnosis included a mature teratoma and a bronchogenic cyst in the mediastinum; however, the presence of a cystic mass in the right upper lobe of the lung prompted further examination...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204920/a-review-of-congenital-lung-malformations-with-a-simplified-classification-system-for-clinical-and-research-use
#9
REVIEW
Michael Seear, Jennifer Townsend, Amy Hoepker, Douglas Jamieson, Deborah McFadden, Patrick Daigneault, William Glomb
PURPOSE: Congenital lung abnormalities are rare malformations increasingly detected early by prenatal ultrasound. Whether management of these frequently asymptomatic lesions should be surgical or conservative is an unresolved issue. The necessary prospective studies are limited by the absence of a widely accepted practical classification system. Our aim was to develop a simple, clinically relevant system for classifying and studying congenital lung abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We based our proposed grouping on a detailed analysis of clinical, radiological, and histological data from well-documented cases, plus an extensive review of the literature...
June 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202768/respiratory-morbidity-in-infants-born-with-a-congenital-lung-malformation
#10
Celine Delestrain, Naziha Khen-Dunlop, Alice Hadchouel, Pierrick Cros, Héloïse Ducoin, Michael Fayon, Isabelle Gibertini, André Labbé, Géraldine Labouret, Marie-Noëlle Lebras, Guillaume Lezmi, Fouad Madhi, Guillaume Thouvenin, Caroline Thumerelle, Christophe Delacourt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The actual frequency of respiratory symptoms related to congenital pulmonary malformations (CPMs) remains undetermined. The goal of this study was to prospectively evaluate the respiratory symptoms occurring in infants with prenatally diagnosed CPMs, identify factors associated with the occurrence of these symptoms, and evaluate their resolution after surgery. METHODS: Infectious and noninfectious respiratory symptoms were prospectively collected in a French multicenter cohort of children with CPMs...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195247/type-ii-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-associated-with-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-classification-criteria
#11
M G Mastrogiulio, A Barone, M G Disanto, A Ginori, M R Ambrosio, S F Carbone, D Spina
Pulmonary congenital abnormalities are rare disorders including congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and pulmonary sequestration (PS). CPAM is a lesion characterized by the presence of anomalous bronchiolar or acinar structures, variable in size, either cystic or not cystic. PS is generally defined as nonfunctioning lung tissue that is not in normal continuity with the tracheobronchial tree and that derives its blood supply from systemic vessels. We describe a case of a baby girl with a very rare association between CPAM type 2 and intralobar pulmonary sequestration (IPS) focusing on the cystic lesions typical of CPAM and on the lymphatic and blood vessels...
March 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165443/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformations
#12
Amina Selimović, Edo Hasanbegović, Ermina Mujičić, Selma Milišić, Emir Haxhija, Kenan Karavdić, Alen Pilav
Aim The aim was to show rare cases of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and the manner of its surgical treatment with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods Two male and one female child, 7, 4 and 3 years of age were treated for symptoms of cough and high temperature in district hospitals. In all three children laboratory blood tests and chest radiography were done. Auscultatory findings showed the presence of pneumonia. Children were treated with appropriate doses of antibiotics...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144070/perpetual-dilemma-pleural-or-parenchymal-congenital-or-acquired-solitary-cystic-lesion-with-fluid-level
#13
Deepak Talwar, Onkar Jha, Rahul Kumar Sharma, Rajat Saxena
Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs) are rare congenital, nonhereditary developmental anomalies of the lung with unknown etiology. CCAM is predominantly a disorder of infancy with the majority of the cases being diagnosed within the first 2 years of life. When CCAM presents in adults, it represents a diagnostic dilemma and requires careful evaluation. We here report a case of large solitary congenital pulmonary cystic adenomatoid malformation with infection and hemorrhage, which was diagnosed as encysted hydropneumothorax on computerized tomography scans but turned out to be infected pulmonary cystic adenomatoid malformation after surgical excision...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138192/a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-chest-infection-in-children-bronchopulmonary-sequestration
#14
Shabbir Hussain, Shoaib Ahmed, Syed Awais Ul Hassan Shah, Saba Haider Tarar
Bronchopulmonary sequestration is one of the rare thoracic congenital anomalies. We report the case of a 6 year old boy with history of recurrent episodes of chest infection and breathing difficulty. This time admitted with fever and cough. Investigations revelaed neutrophilic leucocytosis, raised C-reactive protein and a retrocardiac opacity on chest radiographs. Contrast enhanced Computed Topography(CT scan) revealed a large, well defined, left lower lobe multi-loculated cystic mass with a vessel arising from the descending aorta supplying sequestrated lung portion...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096734/chest-ct-features-of-cystic-fibrosis-in-korea-comparison-with-non-cystic-fibrosis-diseases
#15
So Yeon Yang, Kyung Soo Lee, Min Jae Cha, Tae Jung Kim, Tae Sung Kim, Hyun Jung Yoon
OBJECTIVE: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a rare congenital disease in Korea, and its clinical and imaging findings are unclear. The objective of our study was to describe the clinical and CT features of CF in Korea and compare its features with those of other diseases mimicking CF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 1994 to December 2014, a presumptive diagnosis of CF was made in 23 patients based on clinical or radiological examination. After the exclusion of 10 patients without diagnostic confirmation, 13 patients were included in the study...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079822/successfully-treated-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-by-open-fetal-surgery-a-care-compliant-case-report-of-a-5-year-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050458/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-tertiary-care-hospital-experience
#17
Asmita Anilkumar Mehta, Naveen Viswanathan, Anil Kumar Vasudevan, Roopa Paulose, Mohan Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation (CCAM) is an uncommon developmental deformity affecting the terminal respiratory structures. It is characterized by broncho pulmonary foregut malformations. The reason behind it is an arrest in lung development between 4(th) and 7(th) week of fetal life. AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the clinical and radiological profile and also to study the role of surgical intervention in patients with CCAM...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040760/efficacy-of-segmental-resection-in-patients-with-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-lung-malformations
#18
Sungkwang Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Sang Kwon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Lung segmental resection is a better treatment option than lobectomy for patients with prenatally diagnosed congenital lung malformations (CLMs). However, data are lacking on the effects of this procedure in prenatally diagnosed CLM patients. In this study, we explored whether parenchyma-saving resection was feasible in patients with this condition. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 27 patients prenatally diagnosed with CLM, who subsequently underwent surgery between March 2011 and September 2015...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008200/comparing-surgical-outcomes-of-complete-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-congenital-cystic-lung-disease-between-neonatal-and-infantile-patients
#19
Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida, Yujiro Tanaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Kazuki Yokota, Naruhiko Murase, Kazuo Oshima, Ryo Shirotsuki, Kosuke Chiba, Akinari Hinoki
Thoracoscopic lobectomy has recently become a widely used surgical treatment for congenital cystic lung disease, but significant issues can arise in some cases, such as a limited working space in neonates, a limited view in cases involving large cystic lesions. We reviewed the treatment outcomes of neonates that underwent complete thoracoscopic lobectomy or segmentectomy and evaluated the operative difficulties. From January 2008 to October 2015, 38 patients under the age of 1 year underwent complete thoracoscopic lobectomy or segmentectomy for cystic lung disease at our institution...
December 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993326/interventional-treatment-of-pulmonary-lymphatic-anomalies
#20
REVIEW
Maxim Itkin
Pulmonary lymphatic diseases have been recognized for many years and have been referred as pulmonary lymphangiectasia, pulmonary lymphangiomatosis, plastic bronchitis, and idiopathic chylothorax or chylopericardium. The lymphatic etiology of these conditions has been determined by detection of cystic lymphatic structures on biopsy or postmortem examination. Development of new imaging techniques such as dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography has allowed better understanding of pathophysiology of these conditions...
December 2016: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
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