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ketones aerobic

Ali Barzegari, Shadmehr Mirdar
Background: Tobacco contains carcinogens such as NNK (nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone) that makes induction of lung cancer by changing the stimulation of IL-10 expression. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in resting levels of IL-10 in lung tissues of rats exposed to NNK after a 12-week aerobic submaximal swimming training. Methods: For this purpose, 46 Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups consisting training, training + NNK, NNK, saline and control...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Jayashree Chakravarty, Christopher J Brigham
Microbial production of solvents like acetone and butanol was a couple of the first industrial fermentation processes to gain global importance. These solvents are important feedstocks for the chemical and biofuel industry. Ralstonia eutropha is a facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacterium able to grow with organic substrates or H2 and CO2 under aerobic conditions. This bacterium is a natural producer of polyhydroxyalkanoate biopolymers. Recently, with the advances in the development of genetic engineering tools, the range of metabolites R...
April 29, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Natalia Kurhaluk, Bianka Bojková, Pawel J Winklewski
Oxidative stress is involved in the development of various cancers. In the present study the effect of long-term administration of peroral antidiabetic metformin and pineal hormone melatonin on liver antioxidant and aerobic status in female Sprague-Dawley rats carrying mammary tumors induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea was evaluated. Both substances were administered in a preventive/curative manner (12 days before and 16 weeks after the carcinogen application). Carcinogen administration induced oxidative stress: the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive products (TBARS) as a marker of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in liver increased as well as the level of oxidatively modified protein content (OMP, aldehyde and ketone derivates)...
April 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Yun-Bin Wu, Dan Xie, Zhong-Lin Zang, Cheng-He Zhou, Gui-Xin Cai
An efficient olefination protocol for the oxidative dehydrogenation of phenols and acrylates has been achieved using a palladium catalyst and O2 as the sole oxidant. This reaction exhibits high regio- and stereo-selectivity (E-isomers) with moderate to excellent isolated yields and a wide substrate scope (32 examples) including ethyl vinyl ketone and endofolliculina.
April 13, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Hai-Jun Zhang, Alexander W Schuppe, Shi-Tao Pan, Jin-Xiang Chen, Bo-Ran Wang, Timothy R Newhouse, Liang Yin
A mild and operationally simple copper-catalyzed vinylogous aerobic oxidation of ,- and ,-unsaturated esters is described. This method features good yields, broad substrate scope, excellent chemo- and regioselectivity and good functional group tolerance. This method is additionally capable of oxidizing ,- and ,-unsaturated aldehydes, ketones, amides, nitriles and sulfones. Furthermore, the present catalytic system is suitable for bisvinylogous and trisvinylogous oxidation. TMG was found to be crucial in its role as a base, but we also speculate it serves as a ligand to copper(II) triflate to produce the active copper(II) catalyst...
March 16, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Gangam Srikanth Kumar, Diksha Singh, Manish Kumar, Manmohan Kapur
We report herein, an unprecedented and expedient Pd-catalyzed oxidative coupling of allyl alcohols with anilines to afford β-amino ketones which are converted into substituted quinolines in a one-pot fashion. The exclusive preference for N-alkylation over N-allylation makes this approach unique, when compared to those reported in literature. Detailed mechanistic investigations reveal that the conjugate addition pathway was the predominant one over the allylic amination pathway. The notable aspects of the present approach are the use of readily available, bench-stable, allyl alcohols and molecular oxygen as the terminal oxidant, in the process dispensing the need for unstable and costly enones...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Arvind Kumar Yadav, Krishna Nand Singh
A novel and practical synthesis of α-trifluoromethylthio-substituted ketones has been accomplished through the visible-light-induced aerobic oxidation of styrenes. The protocol employs the combination of CF3 SO2 Na and CS2 as a new source of SCF3 radicals in the presence of eosin Y as a photoredox catalyst.
February 20, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Aaron W Puri, Emily Mevers, Timothy R Ramadhar, Daniel Petras, Darren Liu, Jörn Piel, Pieter C Dorrestein, E Peter Greenberg, Mary E Lidstrom, Jon Clardy
Methane-oxidizing bacteria, aerobes that utilize methane as their sole carbon and energy source, are being increasingly studied for their environmentally significant ability to remove methane from the atmosphere. Their genomes indicate that they also have a robust and unusual secondary metabolism. Bioinformatic analysis of the Methylobacter tundripaludum genome identified biosynthetic gene clusters for several intriguing metabolites, and this report discloses the structural and genetic characterization of tundrenone, one of these metabolites...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
J Vijaya Sundar, M Kamaraj, V Subramanian
Functionalized graphene materials are well known for their application in catalyzing the aerobic oxidation of alcohols, hydrocarbons, etc. in an aqueous medium. Despite the fact that a few catalysts are known to oxidize thiols to disulfides, their selectivity is poor and requires oxidants that are not suitable in terms of the principles of green chemistry. Therefore, in this context, an attempt has been made to investigate the possibility of utilizing nitrogen doped graphene for the aerobic oxidation of thiols to disulfides using density functional theory (DFT)...
January 17, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Soumitra Ghosh, Erika Castillo, Elma S Frias, Raymond A Swanson
Microglia have diverse actions, ranging from synapse pruning in development to cytotoxic effects in disease. Brain energy metabolism and substrate availability vary under normal and disease states, but how these variations influence microglial function is relatively unknown. Microglia, like most other cell types, express the full complement of gene products required for both glycolytic and oxidative metabolism. Evidence suggests that microglia increase aerobic glycolysis and decrease respiration when activated by various stimuli...
December 8, 2017: Glia
Wuyuan Zhang, Jenő Gacs, Isabel W C E Arends, Frank Hollmann
The aerobic organocatalytic oxidation of alcohols was achieved by using water-soluble sodium anthraquinone sulfonate. Under visible-light activation, this catalyst mediated the aerobic oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes and ketones. The photo-oxyfunctionalization of alkanes was also possible under these conditions.
October 23, 2017: ChemCatChem
Han Li, Ruiwen Jin, Yawei Li, Aishun Ding, Xinqi Hao, Hao Guo
In this work, we developed a new method for the transformation of organostannanes via radical process. In this reaction, highly reactive carbon radical species can be efficiently generated through HBr-catalyzed photocleavage of C-Sn bond via single electron transfer process. Under aerobic conditions, the in situ formed primary/secondary alkyl radicals can be further highly selectively oxidized into carboxylic acids/ketones, respectively.
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Zhen Yin, Yumei Zheng, Hong Wang, Jianxin Li, Qingjun Zhu, Ye Wang, Na Ma, Gang Hu, Benqiao He, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schlögl, Ding Ma
Electrochemical oxidation has attracted vast interest as a promising alternative to traditional chemical processes in fine chemical synthesis owing to its fast and sustainable features. An electrocatalytic membrane reactor (ECMR) with a three-dimensional (3D) electrode has been successfully designed for the selective oxidation of alcohols with high current efficiency to the corresponding acids or ketones. The anode electrode was fabricated by the in situ loading of one-dimensional (1D) Co3 O4 nanowires (NWs) on the conductive porous Ti membrane (Co3 O4 NWs/Ti) via the combination of a facile hydrothermal synthesis and subsequent thermal treatment...
December 26, 2017: ACS Nano
Benito Alcaide, Pedro Almendros, Israel Fernández, Fernando Herrera, Amparo Luna
An unprecedented metal-free direct preparation of unprotected α-hydroxy ketones from terminal alkynes under mild conditions with diazonium salts as the arene source and without the requirement of irradiation is described. The process is general and fully compatible with a wide variety of substitution in both reactants. Experimental and computational evidence strongly suggest the involvement of radical species in the transformation.
December 6, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Miquel Navarro, Christene A Smith, Martin Albrecht
A set of aryl-substituted pyridylideneamide (PYA) ligands with variable donor properties owing to a pronounced zwitterionic and a neutral diene-type resonance structure were used as electronically flexible ligands at a pentamethylcyclopentadienyl (Cp*) iridium center. The straightforward synthesis of this type of ligand allows for an easy incorporation of donor substituents such as methoxy groups in different positions of the phenyl ring of the C,N-bidentate chelating PYA. These modifications considerably enhance the catalytic activity of the coordinated iridium center toward the catalytic aerobic transfer hydrogenation of carbonyls and imines as well as the hydrosilylation of phenylacetylene...
October 2, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Masaki Takahashi, Hiromu Koizumi, Wang-Jae Chun, Makoto Kori, Takane Imaoka, Kimihisa Yamamoto
The catalytic activity of alloy nanoparticles depends on the particle size and composition ratio of different metals. Alloy nanoparticles composed of Pd, Pt, and Au are widely used as catalysts for oxidation reactions. The catalytic activities of Pt and Au nanoparticles in oxidation reactions are known to increase as the particle size decreases and to increase on the metal-metal interface of alloy nanoparticles. Therefore, multimetallic nanoclusters (MNCs) around 1 nm in diameter have potential as catalysts for oxidation reactions...
July 2017: Science Advances
Yu-Feng Liang, Ning Jiao
The selective oxidation of organic molecules is a fundamentally important component of modern synthetic chemistry. In the past decades, direct oxidative C-H and C-C bond functionalization has proved to be one of the most efficient and straightforward methods to synthesize complex products from simple and readily available starting materials. Among these oxidative processes, the use of molecular oxygen as a green and sustainable oxidant has attracted considerable attention because of its highly atom-economical, abundant, and environmentally friendly characteristics...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Vincent Escande, Chun Ho Lam, Philip Coish, Paul T Anastas
The aerobic oxidative cleavage of 1,2-diols using a heterogeneous catalyst only based on earth-abundant metals manganese and sodium is reported for the first time. This reusable catalyst cleaves a variety of substrates into aldehydes or ketones with high selectivity. The reaction requires small catalytic loadings and is performed under mild conditions using ambient pressure O2 or air as the oxidant while producing water as the only by-product. Mechanistic investigations reveal a monodentate, two-electron oxidative fragmentation process involving a Mn(IV) species...
August 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Gábor Zoltán Elek, Victor Borovkov, Margus Lopp, Dzmitry G Kananovich
An efficient, mild, and environmentally benign method was developed for the asymmetric synthesis of 2-oxyranyl ketones from easily available tertiary cyclopropanols. The one-pot protocol includes the aerobic oxidation of cyclopropanol derivatives catalyzed by Mn(III) complexes followed by the poly-l-leucine-assisted stereoselective elimination of water from the intermediate peroxides with DBU to afford the corresponding epoxy ketones in high yields and good-to-excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97%).
June 13, 2017: Organic Letters
Tzuen-Yang Ye, Manikandan Selvaraju, Chung-Ming Sun
A three-component cascade reaction of 2-aminobenzimidazole, aldehyde, and terminal alkyne has been explored for an efficient synthesis of benzimidazole-linked tetrasubstituted pyrroles. The reaction sequence involves the formation of propargylamine, insertion of a terminal alkyne, and a ring opening reaction followed by an intramolecular carbonylative cyclization under aerobic conditions. It represents a novel strategy to the construction of C═N, C═C, C═O bonds and a new five-membered 2-ketopyrrole ring...
June 5, 2017: Organic Letters
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