keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurogenic inflammation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063038/surgical-denervation-in-the-imiquimod-induced-psoriasiform-mouse-model
#1
Armanda J Onderdijk, Ineke M Hekking-Weijma, Edwin F Florencia, Errol P Prens
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a prevalence of 2-3 %. It appears to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, but the precise pathogenesis is still unknown. Neurogenic inflammation is involved in psoriasis pathogenesis as well, but the role of neurogenic factors is currently unclear. Molecular studies often involve material obtained from patients. However, many questions and especially experimental manipulations are not suited for study in humans. Imiquimod application on mouse skin leads to immune cell infiltration, inflammation with intense redness, epidermal thickening, and scaling that jointly greatly resembles human psoriasis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012856/increased-fndc5-irisin-expression-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Melania Gaggini, Manuela Cabiati, Serena Del Turco, Teresa Navarra, Paolo De Simone, Franco Filipponi, Silvia Del Ry, Amalia Gastaldelli, Giuseppina Basta
The fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (FNDC5)/Irisin, a novel energy-regulating hormone, is associated with lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It is produced in low amounts by normal hepatic tissue, while in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in which aberrant de novo lipogenesis (DNL) occurs, the hepatic expression of FNDC5/Irisin is still unknown. The gene expression of FNDC5/Irisin, associated to key regulators of DNL, inflammation and cancer progression was evaluated in liver tissue of 18 patients with HCC undergoing liver transplantation and of 18 deceased donors...
December 21, 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007584/neurogenesis-upregulation-on-the-healthy-hemisphere-after-stroke-enhances-compensation-for-age-dependent-decrease-of-basal-neurogenesis
#3
Joanna Adamczak, Markus Aswendt, Christina Kreutzer, Peter Rotheneichner, Adrien Riou, Marion Selt, Andreas Beyrau, Ulla Uhlenküken, Michael Diedenhofen, Melanie Nelles, Ludwig Aigner, Sebastien Couillard-Despres, Mathias Hoehn
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide with no treatment for the chronic phase available. Interestingly, an endogenous repair program comprising inflammation and neurogenesis is known to modulate stroke outcome. Several studies have shown that neurogenesis decreases with age but the therapeutic importance of endogenous neurogenesis for recovery from cerebral diseases has been indicated as its ablation leads to stroke aggravation and worsened outcome. A detailed characterization of the neurogenic response after stroke related to ageing would help to develop novel and targeted therapies...
December 20, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004646/exhaled-breath-condensate-ph-and-cysteinyl-leukotriens-in-patients-with-chronic-cough-secondary-to-acid-gastroesophageal-reflux
#4
Enrico Heffler, Claudia Crimi, Luisa Brussino, Stefania Nicola, Stefania Sichili, Luca Dughera, Giovanni Rolla, Nunzio Crimi
Chronic cough is one of the most common clinical problems and it may be secondary to different stimuli and diseases, including low-level physical and chemical stimulation of the esophageal-bronchial reflex, suggestive of cough-reflex hyperresponsiveness, in patients with gastroesophageal reflux; however, it is still debated whether gastroesophageal reflux could induce airway inflammation and acidification. The aim of this study was to investigate airway pH and cysteynil-leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) concentration (a marker of airway inflammation) in exhaled breath condensate (EBC)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002894/effect-of-nerve-growth-factor-on-cultured-human-chondrocytes
#5
A Gigante, L Senesi, S Manzotti, A Palmieri, E Skrami, V Sollazzo
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is involved in several joint diseases. It participates in nociception and neurogenic inflammation and its concentrations increase in synovial fluid and tissue from arthritis. However, data about its role in articular cartilage are scant and conflicting. This study analysed effects of different NGF concentrations on cultured human chondrocytes by evaluating cell proliferation, cell phenotype, and gene expression. The MTT test excluded an influence on cell viability. Alcian blue and S100 staining demonstrated that NGF may induce de-differentiation of the chondrocyte phenotype...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000084/peripheral-and-central-antinociceptive-effects-of-the-butanolic-fraction-of-byrsonima-verbascifolia-leaves-on-nociception-induced-models-in-mice
#6
A A Saldanha, J M Siqueira, A H F Castro, N A Matos, A Klein, D B Silva, C A Carollo, A C Soares
Byrsonima verbascifolia (Malpighiaceae), commonly known as 'murici', is used in folk medicine, for example, in the treatment of inflammation. The anti-inflammatory activity of the butanolic fraction of B. verbascifolia leaves (BvBF) was previously reported by our group, and the present study was designed to evaluate their antinociceptive effects. BvBF (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg) administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) inhibited acetic acid induced abdominal writhing. In the formalin test, BvBF (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg, i...
December 20, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993602/the-neurological-effects-of-ghrelin-in-brain-diseases-beyond-metabolic-functions
#7
REVIEW
Qian Jiao, Xixun Du, Yong Li, Bing Gong, Limin Shi, Tingting Tang, Hong Jiang
Ghrelin, a peptide released by the stomach that plays a major role in regulating energy metabolism, has recently been shown to have effects on neurobiological behaviors. Ghrelin enhances neuronal survival by reducing apoptosis, alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress, and accordingly improving mitochondrial function. Ghrelin also stimulates the proliferation, differentiation and migration of neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs). Additionally, the ghrelin is benefit for the recovery of memory, mood and cognitive dysfunction after stroke or traumatic brain injury...
December 16, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939458/evidence-for-physiological-and-pathological-roles-for-sensory-nerves-in-the-microvasculature-and-skin
#8
X Kodji, A A Aubdool, S D Brain
This review highlights the progress from the initial finding of neurogenic inflammation up to the most recent development in the field of sensory nerves research, focusing on their roles in the microvasculature and the skin. Recent discovery of Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels highlight their important roles in detecting a range of environmental stimuli, including chemical and temperature. This provides us novel mechanisms for driving neurogenic inflammation upstream of neuropeptide release in addition to promising potential therapeutic targets in various diseases, including pain, itching and skin inflammation...
October 2016: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939247/salsalate-treatment-following-traumatic-brain-injury-reduces-inflammation-and-promotes-a-neuroprotective-and-neurogenic-transcriptional-response-with-concomitant-functional-recovery
#9
Mouna Lagraoui, Gauthaman Sukumar, Joseph R Latoche, Sean K Maynard, Clifton L Dalgard, Brian C Schaefer
Neuroinflammation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI induces rapid activation of astrocytes and microglia, infiltration of peripheral leukocytes, and secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In the context of modest or severe TBI, such inflammation contributes to tissue destruction and permanent brain damage. However, it is clear that the inflammatory response is also necessary to promote post-injury healing. To date, anti-inflammatory therapies, including the broad class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), have met with little success in treatment of TBI, perhaps because these drugs have inhibited both the tissue-damaging and repair-promoting aspects of the inflammatory response, or because inhibition of inflammation alone is insufficient to yield therapeutic benefit...
December 7, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926982/trpv4-channels-mediate-na-k-cl-co-transporter-induced-brain-edema-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Kwok-Tung Lu, Tai-Chun Huang, Ya-Hsin Tsai, Yi-Ling Yang
Na(+) -K(+) -2Cl(-) co-transporter (NKCC1) plays an important role in traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced brain edema via the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) cascade. The transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 (TRPV4) channel participates in neurogenic inflammation, pain transmission and edema. In this study, we investigated the relationship between NKCC1 and TRPV4 and the related signaling pathways in TBI-induced brain edema and neuronal damage. TBI was induced by the calibrated weight-drop device...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924726/neurodegenerative-disease-a-perspective-on-cell-based-therapy-in-the-new-era-of-cell-free-nano-therapy
#11
Su M Metcalfe, Sean Bickerton, Tarek Fahmy
Neurodegenerative diseases (NDD) result in irreversible loss of neurons. Dementia develops when disease-induced neuronal loss becomes sufficient to impair both memory and cognitive functioning and, globally, dementia is increasing to epidemic proportions as populations age. In the current era of regenerative medicine intense activity is asking, can loss of endogenous neurons be compensated by replacement with exogenously derived cells that have either direct, or indirect, neurogenic capacity? But, more recently, excitement is growing around an emerging alternative to the cell-based approach - here nanotechnology for targeted delivery of growth factor aims to support and expand resident central nervous system (CNS) stem cells for endogenous repair...
December 6, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915472/pathomechanism-of-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-and-mapping-the-heterogeneity-of-disease
#12
REVIEW
Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a heterogeneous syndrome which is usually characterized by urinary frequency, nocturia, and bladder pain. Several pathomechanisms have been proposed, including uroepithelial dysfunction, mast cell activation, neurogenic inflammation, autoimmunity, and occult urinary tract infections. It is possible that an inflammatory process alters regulation of urothelial homeostasis and results in dysfunction of the bladder epithelium. Different phenotypes of IC/BPS have been explored including Hunner and non-Hunner type IC, hypersensitive bladder, and bladder pain both with and without functional somatic syndrome...
November 2016: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899696/selective-antagonism-of-trpa1-produces-limited-efficacy-in-models-of-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-induced-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-rats
#13
Sonya G Lehto, Andy D Weyer, Beth D Youngblood, Maosheng Zhang, Ruoyuan Yin, Weiya Wang, Yohannes Teffera, Melanie Cooke, Cheryl L Stucky, Laurie Schenkel, Stephanie Geuns-Meyer, Bryan D Moyer, Kenneth D Wild, Narender R Gavva
The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel has been implicated in pathophysiological processes that include asthma, cough, and inflammatory pain. Agonists of TRPA1 such as mustard oil and its key component allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) cause pain and neurogenic inflammation in humans and rodents, and TRPA1 antagonists have been reported to be effective in rodent models of pain. In our pursuit of TRPA1 antagonists as potential therapeutics, we generated AMG0902, a potent (IC90 of 300 nM against rat TRPA1), selective, brain penetrant (brain to plasma ratio of 0...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866934/pharmacodynamic-action-and-mechanism-of-du-liang-soft-capsule-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-capsule-on-treating-nitroglycerin-induced-migraine
#14
Min Hou, Qing Tang, Qiang Xue, Xiaona Zhang, Yang Liu, Sheng Yang, Liechun Chen, Xiaoyu Xu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Du Liang soft capsule (DL) is a traditional Chinese medicine for treating migraines; it is made from two Chinese herbs, including LigusticumstriatumDC., root; Angelica dahurica (Hoffm.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav., root. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the pharmacodynamic action of DL and its mechanism in an animal model of migraines induced by glyceryl trinitrate (GTN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly divided into six groups, including a normal control group, model control group, positive group (Sumatriptan 0...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846033/brush-cells-the-newly-identified-gatekeepers-of-the-urinary-tract
#15
Wolfgang Kummer, Klaus Deckmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A specialized epithelial cell with chemosensory properties of taste cells known from the mouth has been newly identified in the urethra and linked to pathogen recognition. We here describe its properties and its link to defence mechanisms, showing parallels to similar sentinel cells in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. RECENT FINDINGS: In the urethra, slender epithelial cells with apical microvilli ('brush cells') express bitter and umami taste receptors and the downstream signalling cascade known from oropharyngeal gustation, utilizing it to monitor for bacterial products and bacterial growth facilitating conditions...
November 14, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835641/combined-changes-in-chloride-regulation-and-neuronal-excitability-enable-primary-afferent-depolarization-to-elicit-spiking-without-compromising-its-inhibitory-effects
#16
Petri Takkala, Yi Zhu, Steven A Prescott
The central terminals of primary afferent fibers experience depolarization upon activation of GABAA receptors (GABAAR) because their intracellular chloride concentration is maintained above electrochemical equilibrium. Primary afferent depolarization (PAD) normally mediates inhibition via sodium channel inactivation and shunting but can evoke spikes under certain conditions. Antidromic (centrifugal) conduction of these spikes may contribute to neurogenic inflammation while orthodromic (centripetal) conduction could contribute to pain in the case of nociceptive fibers...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834685/antagonism-of-cannabinoid-receptor-1-attenuates-the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-electroacupuncture-in-a-rodent-model-of-migraine
#17
Hui Zhang, Shengdong He, Youping Hu, Hui Zheng
BACKGROUND: The anti-nociceptive effects of electroacupuncture (EA) in migraine have been documented in multiple randomised controlled trials. Neurogenic inflammation plays a key role in migraine attacks, and the anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture have been associated with the type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptor. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether CB1 receptors mediate the anti-inflammatory effects of EA on migraine attacks. METHODS: A migraine model was produced in Sprague-Dawley rats by unilateral electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion (TGES)...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809877/n-docosahexaenoylethanolamine-ameliorates-lps-induced-neuroinflammation-via-camp-pka-dependent-signaling
#18
Taeyeop Park, Huazhen Chen, Karl Kevala, Ji-Won Lee, Hee-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: Brain inflammation has been implicated as a critical mechanism responsible for the progression of neurodegeneration and characterized by glial cell activation accompanied by production of inflammation-related cytokines and chemokines. Growing evidence also suggests that metabolites derived from docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving effects; however, the possible role of N-docosahexaenoylethanolamine (synaptamide), an endogenous neurogenic and synaptogenic metabolite of DHA, in inflammation, is largely unknown...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801899/analysis-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-carrying-22q11-2-deletion
#19
M Toyoshima, W Akamatsu, Y Okada, T Ohnishi, S Balan, Y Hisano, Y Iwayama, T Toyota, T Matsumoto, N Itasaka, S Sugiyama, M Tanaka, M Yano, B Dean, H Okano, T Yoshikawa
Given the complexity and heterogeneity of the genomic architecture underlying schizophrenia, molecular analyses of these patients with defined and large effect-size genomic defects could provide valuable clues. We established human-induced pluripotent stem cells from two schizophrenia patients with the 22q11.2 deletion (two cell lines from each subject, total of four cell lines) and three controls (total of four cell lines). Neurosphere size, neural differentiation efficiency, neurite outgrowth, cellular migration and the neurogenic-to-gliogenic competence ratio were significantly reduced in patient-derived cells...
November 1, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793651/the-effect-of-inflammation-on-sympathetic-nerve-mediated-contractions-in-rat-isolated-caudal-artery
#20
Jocelyn Fotso Soh, Hilary R Strong, Noriko Daneshtalab, Reza Tabrizchi
Chronic inflammatory process(es) contributes to changes in vascular function in a variety of diseases. Sympathetic nerve-mediated responses in blood vessels play a pivotal role in regular physiological functions. We tested the hypothesis that sympathetic neuro-effector function will be altered as consequence of inflammatory state. Sympathetic nerve-mediated contractions and alpha adrenergic receptor expressions were evaluated in isolated caudal arteries of rats treated with saline and Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
64181
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"