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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#1
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098951/lessons-learned-from-a-practice-based-multisite-intervention-study-with-nurse-participants
#2
Christopher R Friese, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, Pamela Ginex, Carol M McMahon, Alex J Fauer, Marjorie C McCullagh
PURPOSE: To identify challenges and solutions to the efficient conduct of a multisite, practice-based randomized controlled trial to improve nurses' adherence to personal protective equipment use in ambulatory oncology settings. DESIGN: The Drug Exposure Feedback and Education for Nurses' Safety (DEFENS) study is a clustered, randomized, controlled trial. Participating sites are randomized to Web-based feedback on hazardous drug exposures in the sites plus tailored messages to address barriers versus a control intervention of a Web-based continuing education video...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098925/-personality-disorders-life-span-perspective-makes-sense
#3
J Hutsebaut, A C Videler, M J A Schoutrop, T A M J van Amelsvoort, S P J van Alphen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098911/diagnosis-for-choroideremia-in-a-large-chinese-pedigree-by-next%C3%A2-generation-sequencing-ngs-and-non%C3%A2-invasive-prenatal-testing-nipt
#4
Li Zhu, Jingliang Cheng, Boxu Zhou, Chunli Wei, Weichan Yang, Dong Jiang, Iqra Ijaz, Xiaojun Tan, Rui Chen, Junjiang Fu
To develop an effective strategy to isolate and use cell‑free fetal DNA (cffDNA) for the combined use of next‑generation sequencing (NGS) for diagnosing choroideremia and non‑invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for Y chromosome determination, a large Chinese family with an X‑linked recessive disease, choroideremia, was recruited. Cell‑free DNA was extracted from maternal plasma, and SRY polymerase chain reaction amplification was performed using NIPT. Sanger sequencing was subsequently used for fetal amniotic fluid DNA verification...
January 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098772/a-non-intrusive-cyber-physical-social-sensing-solution-to-people-behavior-tracking-mechanism-prototype-and-field-experiments
#5
Yunjian Jia, Zhenyu Zhou, Fei Chen, Peng Duan, Zhen Guo, Shahid Mumtaz
Tracking people's behaviors is a main category of cyber physical social sensing (CPSS)-related people-centric applications. Most tracking methods utilize camera networks or sensors built into mobile devices such as global positioning system (GPS) and Bluetooth. In this article, we propose a non-intrusive wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi)-based tracking method. To show the feasibility, we target tracking people's access behaviors in Wi-Fi networks, which has drawn a lot of interest from the academy and industry recently...
January 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098666/estimated-internal-and-external-radiation-exposure-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-pediatric-neuroblastoma-undergoing-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#6
Sangwon Han, Seon Hee Yoo, Kyung-Nam Koh, Jong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: Current recommendations suggest that family members should participate in the care of children receiving in-hospital I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy for neuroblastoma. The present study aimed to measure the external radiation exposure and estimate the internal radiation exposure of caregivers during the hospital stay for I MIBG therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caregivers received radiation safety instructions and a potassium iodide solution for thyroid blockade before patient admission...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098545/increase-in-urgent-care-center-visits-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-united-states-2010-2014
#7
William S Pearson, Guoyu Tao, Karen Kroeger, Thomas A Peterman
During 2010-2014, urgent care centers saw a ≈2-fold increase in the number of visits for chlamydia and gonorrhea testing and a >3-fold increase in visits by persons with diagnosed sexually transmitted infections. As urgent care becomes more popular, vigilance is required to ensure proper management of these diseases.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098540/diphyllobothrium-nihonkaiense-tapeworm-larvae-in-salmon-from-north-america
#8
Roman Kuchta, Mikuláš Oros, Jayde Ferguson, Tomáš Scholz
Diphyllobothriosis is reemerging because of global importation and increased popularity of eating raw fish. We detected Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense plerocercoids in the musculature of wild pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) from Alaska, USA. Therefore, salmon from the American and Asian Pacific coasts and elsewhere pose potential dangers for persons who eat these fish raw.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098539/incidence-of-norovirus-associated-diarrhea-shanghai-china-2012-2013
#9
Jianxing Yu, Chuchu Ye, Shengjie Lai, Weiping Zhu, Zike Zhang, Qibin Geng, Caoyi Xue, Weizhong Yang, Shuyu Wu, Aron J Hall, Qiao Sun, Zhongjie Li
We conducted sentinel-based surveillance for norovirus in the Pudong area of Shanghai, China, during 2012-2013, by analyzing 5,324 community surveys, 408,024 medical records, and 771 laboratory-confirmed norovirus infections among 3,877 diarrhea cases. Our analysis indicated an outpatient incidence of 1.5/100 person-years and a community incidence of 8.9/100 person-years for norovirus-associated diarrhea.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098524/swine-influenza-virus-h1n2-characterization-and-transmission-in-ferrets-chile
#10
Nicolás Bravo-Vasquez, Erik A Karlsson, Pedro Jimenez-Bluhm, Victoria Meliopoulos, Bryan Kaplan, Shauna Marvin, Valerie Cortez, Pamela Freiden, Melinda A Beck, Christopher Hamilton-West, Stacey Schultz-Cherry
Phylogenetic analysis of the influenza hemagglutinin gene (HA) has suggested that commercial pigs in Chile harbor unique human seasonal H1-like influenza viruses, but further information, including characterization of these viruses, was unavailable. We isolated influenza virus (H1N2) from a swine in a backyard production farm in Central Chile and demonstrated that the HA gene was identical to that in a previous report. Its HA and neuraminidase genes were most similar to human H1 and N2 viruses from the early 1990s and internal segments were similar to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus...
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098513/attrition-and-retention-in-upper-limb-prosthetics-research-experience-of-the-va-home-study-of-the-deka-arm
#11
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger
PURPOSE: (1) Describe study attrition; (2) identify reasons for attrition, and (3) discuss implications for prosthetic prescription and design of future device studies. Design and methodological procedures used: Completion phase (during in-laboratory training, after training, or home use) was identified for 42 participants. Qualitative data were analyzed to identify attrition reasons. Reasons were classified as related to the DEKA arm, or not. RESULTS: Study attrition was 57%, with 43% completing the full study...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098498/social-health-in-dementia-towards-a-positive-dementia-discourse
#12
Marjolein de Vugt, Rose-Marie Dröes
A shift in focus from symptoms and disability towards the capacity and potential of the person with dementia is urgently needed to create a more balanced view of dementia and a more dementia-friendly society, which enables people and their families to adapt to the changes dementia brings in their lives. The new concept of social health suggested by Huber and colleagues seems helpful to make such a shift. In this dedicated special issue, a consensus-based operationalization of the concept of social health in dementia is proposed and several aspects of social health and related dementia care are addressed within the framework of European collaborative projects of the INTERDEM network...
January 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098436/bringing-3d-tumor-models-to-the-clinic-predictive-value-for-personalized-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Kathrin Halfter, Barbara Mayer
Current decision-guiding algorithms in cancer drug treatment are based on decades of research and numerous clinical trials. For the majority of patients, this data is successfully applied for a systemic disease management. For a number of patients however, treatment stratification according to clinically based risk criteria will not be sufficient. The most effective treatment options are ideally identified prior to the start of clinical drug therapy. This review will discuss the implementation of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture models as a preclinical testing paradigm for the efficacy of clinical cancer treatment...
January 18, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098394/use-of-asian-samples-in-genetic-research-of-alcohol-use-disorders-genetic-variation-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-the-effects-of-acetaldehyde
#14
Sachio Matsushita, Susumu Higuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies consistently find that Asian populations report lower rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) compared with other racial groups. These differences result from a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental influences, some of which are related to the metabolism of alcohol. We will review several studies of these metabolic factors, including several alcohol clamping studies conducted in our laboratory, that provide further insight into the role of the alcohol metabolizing genes and drinking behavior among Japanese drinkers...
January 18, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098161/modelling-of-occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-nickel-compounds
#15
Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Dorothea Koppisch, Rainer Van Gelder, Katrin Pitzke, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Jack Siemiatycki, Jerome Lavoué, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Roger Stamm, Thomas Brüning
The aim of this study was to estimate average occupational exposure to inhalable nickel (Ni) using the German exposure database MEGA. This database contains 8052 personal measurements of Ni collected between 1990 and 2009 in adjunct with information on the measurement and workplace conditions. The median of all Ni concentrations was 9 μg/m(3) and the 95th percentile was 460 μg/m(3). We predicted geometric means (GMs) for welders and other occupations centered to 1999. Exposure to Ni in welders is strongly influenced by the welding process applied and the Ni content of the used welding materials...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098111/incidence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-seroconversion-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-nile-delta-of-egypt-a-single-center-study
#16
Amany Talaat Kamal, Mohamed Nazmy Farres, Abeer Mohamed Eissa, Naglaa Ahmed Arafa, Raafat Saad Abdel-Reheem
Egypt has the highest worldwide prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, caused in part by nosocomial transmission. Patients on hemodialysis (HD) are at especially high risk of infection. We aimed to estimate the incidence of seroconversion among HCV-negative patients undergoing regular HD at a unit in a large public hospital in the Nile Delta of Egypt, which implements the Egyptian Ministry of Health guidelines for infection control, and an isolation policy for hepatitis-positive patients. We also assessed the adherence to infection control practices and evaluated nurses and physicians' knowledge and attitude toward infection control procedures...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098085/experience-of-a-faculty-development-workshop-in-mentoring-at-an-indian-medical-college
#17
Jagdish R Varma, Anusha Prabhakaran, Suman Singh, Praveen Singh, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Himanshu Pandya
BACKGROUND: Our medical college is running a mentoring programme for undergraduate medical students since 2009. The academic leadership of the college identified the need to change the focus of the programme from mere problem- solving to professional and personal development of mentees. METHODS: A core group of faculty designed and implemented a workshop on mentoring for 28 mentors. The workshop included reflections on the participants' previous experiences about mentoring, discussion on perceptions of mentees about the existing mentoring programme, self-analysis of mentoring skills, overview of the Surrendering, Accepting, Gifting and Extending (SAGE) model and demonstration of effective mentoring skills using role plays and a film...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#18
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098080/access-to-healthcare-among-the-empowered-action-group-eag-states-of-india-current-status-and-impeding-factors
#19
Virendra Kumar, Pushpendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Access to healthcare is crucial for meeting the health needs of Indians. We explored factors impeding access to public sources of healthcare among the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states of India. We also examined the extent to which Indians depend on public and private sources of healthcare in the EAG states. METHODS: Our study is based on the unit-level records of 9988 ailing persons, who were surveyed among the EAG states in the 71st round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), conducted during January-June 2014 on the theme 'Social consumption: Health'...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098063/the-use-of-e-cigarettes
#20
Martin Eichler, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a consumer product whose benefits and risks are currently debated. Advocates of the "tobacco harm reduction" strategy emphasize their potential as an aid to smoking cessation, while advocates of the precautionary principle emphasize their risks instead. There have been only a few studies to date on the prevalence of e-cigarette use in Germany. METHODS: In May 2016, in collaboration with Forsa, an opinion research firm, we carried out a survey among 4002 randomly chosen persons aged 14 and older, asking them about their consumption of e-cigarettes with and without nicotine, reasons for using e-cigarettes, plans for future use, estimation of danger compared to that of tobacco products, smoking behavior, and sociodemographic features...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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