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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931028/the-efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-for-symptomatic-ureteral-stones-predictors-of-treatment-failure-without-the-assistance-of-computed-tomography
#1
Bing-Juin Chiang, Chun-Hou Liao, Yu-Hua Lin
OBJECTIVES: Non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) is not always performed clinically if the diagnosis of ureteral calculi has been confirmed using other radiographic imaging modalities. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of successful extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) without assistance of NCCT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with symptomatic solitary ureteral stones who underwent ESWL between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905780/re-development-of-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-chronic-unilateral-hematuria-35-years-experience
#2
Dean G Assimos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894841/symptomatic-distal-ureteral-stone-in-an-ileal-ureter-treatment-by-combined-supine-ureteroscopy-and-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#3
Florian Schott, Benedikt Becker, Andreas J Gross, Christopher Netsch
Urolithiasis is a well-known and common late complication in patients with urinary diversion. Patients without urinary diversion lead to symptoms such as hematuria and ureteral colic, whereas stones in patients with urinary diversion tend to be asymptomatic and are often diagnosed incidentally during staging examinations of oncologic diseases. We report the case of a 64-year-old male patient with a lower pole kidney stone and a stone in the ileal ureter substitution. He presented with diffuse abdominal and left-sided flank pain...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885656/bladder-cancer-to-patients-younger-than-30-years-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Ioannis Katafigiotis, Stavros Sfoungaristos, Alberto Martini, Konstantinos Stravodimos, Ioannis Anastasiou, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Mordechai Duvdevani, Constantinos Constantinides
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report was to study the specific characteristics of bladder cancer in patients younger than 30 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with a mean age of 24 ± 2.83 years were included in the study. All patients had painless macroscopic hematuria as the first symptom. Three patients had pTa as a first diagnosis, one had pT1 and one pT2. All the patients had smoking as a risk factor and at least one additional possible risk factor...
September 5, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871505/changing-etiology-and-management-patterns-for-spontaneous-renal-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-of-contemporary-series
#5
REVIEW
Thomas Ahn, Matthew J Roberts, Anojan Navaratnam, Eric Chung, Simon Wood
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review on spontaneous renal hemorrhage (SRH) in a contemporary cohort describing patterns in etiology and treatment. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE and CENTRAL databases was conducted to include articles, including case reports and case series on SRH published from 2000 to 2016. Full-text manuscripts were reviewed for clinical parameters which were collated and analyzed with univariate methods. RESULTS: Seventy-nine publications met inclusion criteria, reporting on 102 cases...
September 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869958/management-of-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report-from-lao-pdr
#6
Phanekham Souvannamethy
We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with a 2-week history of swelling around the eyes and both legs, and generalized body swelling. She had a history of chronic constipation and poor diet but no fever, recent illnesses, or hematuria. Examination revealed bilateral pedal edema and mild ascites. Laboratory investigations showed low hemoglobin 79 g/L, low mean corpuscular volume 53 fL, thrombocytosis 973 × 109/L, and marked hypochromia and microcytosis, with low iron and ferritin. She had hypoalbuminemia and reduced serum protein (albumin 1...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864840/renal-auricular-and-ocular-outcomes-of-alport-syndrome-and-their-current-management
#7
Yanqin Zhang, Jie Ding
Alport syndrome is a hereditary glomerular basement membrane disease caused by mutations in the COL4A3/4/5 genes encoding the type IV collagen alpha 3-5 chains. Most cases of Alport syndrome are inherited as X-linked dominant, and some as autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant. The primary manifestations are hematuria, proteinuria, and progressive renal failure, whereas some patients present with sensorineural hearing loss and ocular abnormalities. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade is proven to delay the onset of renal failure by reducing proteinuria...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860819/clinicopathologic-characteristics-therapy-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-primary-ureteral-small-cell-carcinoma-a-case-series-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Wenlong Zhong, Rongcheng Lin, Lei Zhang, Chengyue Jin, Xuesong Li, Qun He, Kan Gong, Zhisong He, Liqun Zhou
PURPOSE: The aim of this case series was to review the standard diagnosis and treatment procedures of primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) in our institution and discuss the clinicopathologic characteristics, treatments and outcomes of patients with primary ureteral SCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ureteral SCC in Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China, from January 2007 to December 2016 were included. In addition, we performed a systematic literature review, in October 2016, on case reports and case series of ureteral SCC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834453/intravesical-rad-ifn%C3%AE-syn3-for-patients-with-high-grade-bacillus-calmette-guerin-refractory-or-relapsed-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-phase-ii-randomized-study
#9
Neal D Shore, Stephen A Boorjian, Daniel J Canter, Kenneth Ogan, Lawrence I Karsh, Tracy M Downs, Leonard G Gomella, Ashish M Kamat, Yair Lotan, Robert S Svatek, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Robert L Grubb, Tracey L Krupski, Seth P Lerner, Michael E Woods, Brant A Inman, Matthew I Milowsky, Alan Boyd, F Peter Treasure, Gillian Gregory, David G Sawutz, Seppo Yla-Herttuala, Nigel R Parker, Colin P N Dinney
Purpose Many patients with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) are either refractory to bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment or may experience disease relapse. We assessed the efficacy and safety of recombinant adenovirus interferon alfa with Syn3 (rAd-IFNα/Syn3), a replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus gene transfer vector, for patients with high-grade (HG) BCG-refractory or relapsed NMIBC. Methods In this open-label, multicenter (n = 13), parallel-arm, phase II study ( ClinicalTrials...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829677/braf-mutation-as-a-novel-driver-of-eosinophilic-cystitis
#10
Michael Y Choi, Igor F Tsigelny, Amelie Boichard, Åge A Skjevik, Ahmed Shabaik, Razelle Kurzrock
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare manifestation of hypereosinophilia and a cause of morbidity, including dysuria and hematuria. Although some cases can be attributed to infection or allergy, most cases are assessed to be idiopathic and treated with corticosteroids. However, hypereosinophilia can also be due to actionable clonal molecular alterations in the haematopoietic cells, similar to other myeloproliferative neoplasms. Common mutations associated with eosonophilic syndromes are of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α or β or c-kit, though other pathogenic mutations have been found by next generation sequencing...
August 22, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816297/-perirenal-cystic-lymphangioma-in-an-adult-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
W He, Y C Hao, H Z Xia, R Z Ma, B Yang, J Lu
Lymphangioma is a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm, which is characterized by numerous intercommunicating cystic spaces containing lymphatic fluid. It is considered a congenital disease resulting from the obstruction of regional lymph drainage during the developmental period. Lymphangioma frequently occurs in the cervical neck and axilla, also in the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, mesentery, omentum, colon, and pelvis, rarely in the perirenal space. These tumors usually present in childhood, but infrequently, these also present in adults...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816276/-percutaneous-biopsy-of-the-renal-masses-under-ultrasound-a-single-center-14-years-experience
#12
Y X Zhang, X B Meng, L Yao, C J Zhang, G Song, L Cai, Z Zhang, X S Li, K Gong, S Q Li, G Z Shan, Q He, X Y Yang, Z S He, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic rate, safety and clinical application of percutaneous renal masses biopsy for advanced renal cell carcinoma patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we collected the data of renal masses from the patients who underwent renal masses biopsy under ultrasound from April 2001 to December 2014 in Peking University First Hospital. A total of 75 patients who were undiagnosed or diagnosed with advanced renal cell carcinoma by the imageological method were enrolled in this study...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815042/predictive-role-of-pd-l1-expression-in-the-response-of-renal-medullary-carcinoma-to-pd-1-inhibition
#13
Quaovi Sodji, Kandy Klein, Kavuri Sravan, Jigarkumar Parikh
BACKGROUND: Renal medullary carcinoma is one of the rarest malignancies arising from the kidney. Despite various aggressive therapeutic regimens, mortality remains significantly high (95%) with a median overall survival of 5 months. Furthermore, the scarcity of this malignancy renders randomized clinical trials impossible. We examined the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in two new renal medullary carcinoma cases, investigated their responses to the PD-L1 inhibitor nivolumab and explored the predictive role of the rate of PD-L1 expression in such response...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807533/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-prostate-radiation-therapy-on-occludin-expression-and-ultrasonography-characteristics-of-the-bladder
#14
Milad Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi, Alireza Amouheidari, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Hamid Reza Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi, Kari Tanderup, Wolfgang Dörr, Parvaneh Shokrani
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of radiation dose in prostate radiation therapy (RT) on occludin expression and ultrasonography characteristics of the bladder. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Urine samples of 64 prostate RT patients were collected before, at regular intervals during, and 3 months after RT. Occludin expression analysis was performed, and bladder wall echogenicity and echotexture were investigated by ultrasound and the gray-scale histogram analysis method...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807004/predictive-role-of-pd-l1-expression-in-the-response-of-renal-medullary-carcinoma-to-pd-1-inhibition
#15
Quaovi Sodji, Kandy Klein, Kavuri Sravan, Jigarkumar Parikh
BACKGROUND: Renal medullary carcinoma is one of the rarest malignancies arising from the kidney. Despite various aggressive therapeutic regimens, mortality remains significantly high (95%) with a median overall survival of 5 months. Furthermore, the scarcity of this malignancy renders randomized clinical trials impossible. We examined the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in two new renal medullary carcinoma cases, investigated their responses to the PD-L1 inhibitor nivolumab and explored the predictive role of the rate of PD-L1 expression in such response...
August 15, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802985/clinical-analysis-of-48-h-emergency-department-visit-post-outpatient-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-urolithiasis
#16
Chin-Heng Lu, Junne-Yih Kuo, Tzu-Ping Lin, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from renal or ureteral stones can undergo significant discomfort, even when timely diagnosed and treated. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and safety of outpatient Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of patients with renal or ureteral stones. METHODS: In this study, our cohort consisted of 844 outpatients who underwent outpatient ESWL treated between February 2012 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798240/tetraparesia-an-unusual-presentation-of-disseminated-tuberculosis
#17
Filipa Quaresma, Margarida Bentes Jesus
A 48-year-old man with a 4 months history of asthenia, anorexia, 10 kg weight loss and 1 month of hematuria and dysuria was admitted to another hospital for sudden muscular weakness. He was found to have areflexic tetraparesis and was referred to our hospital.On admission, he was bradycardic, tachypneic, with flaccid tetraplegia. Laboratory results showed metabolic acidemia, severe hyperkalemia and hyponatremia, acute renal dysfunction and sterile pyuria. After hyperkalemia correction, the neurological symptoms resolved...
August 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796040/primary-malignant-mesenchymoma-of-bladder-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Zecheng Yang, Xiaodong Yang, Xianqi Lu, Lijian Gao, Gang Li, Xuefeng Zhang
RATIONALE: Malignant mesenchymoma (MM) is defined as a heterogeneous malignant soft tissue tumor that consists of 2 or more distinctly different mesenchymal components in addition to fibrosarcomatous elements. Bladder MM was rarely reported in the literature and there are only 5 cases of primary bladder MM documented in English literature to date. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old male complained of difficulty in urination and intermittent gross hematuria for 3 months...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795212/a-review-of-adverse-events-related-to-prostatic-artery-embolization-for-treatment-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-due-to-bph
#19
Airton Mota Moreira, André Moreira de Assis, Francisco Cesar Carnevale, Alberto Azoubel Antunes, Miguel Srougi, Giovanni Guido Cerri
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive procedures have gained great importance among the treatments for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) due to their low morbidity. Prostate artery embolization has emerged as a safe and effective alternative for patients with large volume BPH, not suited for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Low adverse events rates have been reported following prostate artery embolization and may include dysuria, urinary infection, hematuria, hematospermia, acute urinary retention and rectal bleeding...
August 9, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783452/off-the-shelf-virus-specific-t-cells-to-treat-bk-virus-human-herpesvirus-6-cytomegalovirus-epstein-barr-virus-and-adenovirus-infections-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
Ifigeneia Tzannou, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Swati Naik, Kathryn Leung, Caridad A Martinez, Carlos A Ramos, George Carrum, Ghadir Sasa, Premal Lulla, Ayumi Watanabe, Manik Kuvalekar, Adrian P Gee, Meng-Fen Wu, Hao Liu, Bambi J Grilley, Robert A Krance, Stephen Gottschalk, Malcolm K Brenner, Cliona M Rooney, Helen E Heslop, Ann M Leen, Bilal Omer
Purpose Improvement of cure rates for patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) will require efforts to decrease treatment-related mortality from severe viral infections. Adoptively transferred virus-specific T cells (VSTs) generated from eligible, third-party donors could provide broad antiviral protection to recipients of HSCT as an immediately available off-the-shelf product. Patient and Methods We generated a bank of VSTs that recognized five common viral pathogens: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), adenovirus (AdV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), BK virus (BKV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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