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Hematuria treatment

Anthony H Chau, Haidar Abdul-Muhsin, Xin Peng, Victor J Davila, Erik P Castle, Samuel R Money
Renal nutcracker syndrome is an anatomic anomaly characterized by the compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta or between the aorta and the vertebral body. Diagnosis is often challenging. Common presenting symptoms include hematuria, abdominal pain, and pelvic congestion. Several open and endovascular techniques have been described to treat this syndrome. We report a novel surgical technique with robotic-assisted left renal vein transposition to treat a 19-year-old woman with renal nutcracker syndrome...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
Ti-Yuan Yang, Marcelo Chen, Wun-Rong Lin, Chung-Yi Li, Wei-Kung Tsai, Allen W Chiu, Ming-Chung Ko
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations between preoperative treatment with 5-alpha reductase inhibitors and the risks of blood transfusion during transurethral resection of the prostate and blood clot evacuation or emergency department visits for hematuria within 1 month after surgery. METHODS: We used data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database in this population-based cohort study. A total of 3,126 patients who underwent first-time transurethral resection of the prostate from 2004 to 2013 were identified...
March 12, 2018: Clinics
Daniela A Braun, Jillian K Warejko, Shazia Ashraf, Weizhen Tan, Ankana Daga, Ronen Schneider, Tobias Hermle, Tilman Jobst-Schwan, Eugen Widmeier, Amar J Majmundar, Makiko Nakayama, David Schapiro, Jia Rao, Johanna Magdalena Schmidt, Charlotte A Hoogstraten, Hannah Hugo, Sevcan A Bakkaloglu, Jameela A Kari, Sherif El Desoky, Ghaleb Daouk, Shrikant Mane, Richard P Lifton, Shirlee Shril, Friedhelm Hildebrandt
Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS), a chronic kidney disease, is characterized by significant loss of protein in the urine causing hypoalbuminemia and edema. In general, ∼15% of childhood-onset cases do not respond to steroid therapy and are classified as steroid-resistant NS (SRNS). In ∼30% of cases with SRNS, a causative mutation can be detected in one of 44 monogenic SRNS genes. The gene LAMA5 encodes laminin-α5, an essential component of the glomerular basement membrane. Mice with a hypomorphic mutation in the orthologous gene Lama5 develop proteinuria and hematuria...
March 9, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Francesca Re, Ilenia Manfra, Filomena Russo, Caterina Plenteda, Angelica Spolzino, Elena Follini, Maria Gullo, Claudia Romano, Maria Cristina Baroni, Franco Aversa
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, life-threatening blood disorder characterized by intravascular hemolysis, thrombosis and bone marrow failure. Acute kidney injury, including acute renal failure, have been reported in patients with PNH. We report the case of a 36-year-old male patient with PNH who developed acute kidney injury following an infection of undetermined diagnosis. Although hemolysis was initially controlled and renal function stabilized following packed red blood cell transfusion and empirical levofloxacin and prednisone, he later experienced recurrent episodes of hemolysis and hematuria requiring monthly red blood cell support...
March 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Akifumi Yamada, Shuichiro Fujinaga, Koji Sakuraya, Asanuma Satoshi, Daishi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Although a combination therapy, comprising 2-year high-dose oral prednisolone (PSL), is effective for treating childhood immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), severe adverse effects and residual proteinuria occur in some patients after the therapy. METHODS: To clarify the efficacy of intravenous pulse methylprednisolone (IVMP; 15-20 mg/kg; maximum 600 mg/day; for 3 consecutive days/week for 3 weeks) followed by short-term reduced-dose PSL (initially 1 mg/kg; maximum 30 mg on alternate days; tapered off within approximately 12 months) and tonsillectomy as an initial treatment, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical courses of 54 consecutive children with IgAN (32 boys; mean age at onset, 12...
March 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Diogo Buarque Cordeiro Cabral, Tainá Veras de Sandes-Freitas, José Osmar Medina-Pestana, Gianna Mastroianni-Kirsztajn
BACKGROUND Initially described as a relatively benign condition, recent studies report graft loss in up to 50% of the patients with post-transplant IgA nephropathy. There is no evidence for the best therapeutic approach, and prognostic factors remain to be elucidated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Single center retrospective analysis of patients >12 years old, with clinically relevant post-transplant IgA nephropathy (proteinuria ≥1.0 g/g and/or graft dysfunction) and ≥6 months follow-up after diagnosis (n=47)...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Z W Liu, W Qiu, J M Peng, Z W Wang, J L Zhao, Q J Wu
A 56-year-old female was admitted to the Department of Rheumatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital with complaint of recurrent fever and acute lumbar pain. Fever was complicated with malaise, cough and occasional blood-streaked sputum. Lab tests showed elevated white blood cell count, increased serum creatinine, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Other lab findings included severe anemia, hematuria, and proteinuria. Immunological examinations were positive for antinuclear antibodies, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and antiglomerular basement membrane antibody...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Y F Dong, L W Sun, B Zhang, X Y Kuang, X L Niu, Y L Kang, S Hao, P Wang, Z Li, G H Zhu, W Y Huang, Y Wu
Objective: To explore the clinical features and expression of PLA(2)R in renal tissue of children with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. Methods: Retrospective study was performed in patients with membranous nephropathy diagnosed through renal biopsy and the follow-up time was at least half a year in Shanghai Children ' s Hospital from January 2010 to February 2017. We compared their clinicopathological and pathological findings of IMN. Indirect immunofluorescence assay was used to detect glomerular PLA(2)R expression...
March 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Bihao Liu, Yu He, Ruirui Lu, Jie Zhou, Lixia Bai, Peichun Zhang, Shufang Ye, Junbiao Wu, Chungling Liang, Yuan Zhou, Jiuyao Zhou
Zhen-wu-tang (ZWT) has been widely applied in chronic kidney diseases. However, the mechanism of ZWT remains unclear. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-γ (PPARγ) is known as a protective factor for podocyte and kidney function. This study is aimed to investigate the protective effects of ZWT on IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in rats against podocyte injury and the underlying mechanism related to PPARγ. IgAN model rats were induced by administering bovine serum albumin, lipopolysaccharide, and carbon tetrachloride...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Masood Umer, Yasir Mohib, Muhammed Atif, Muhammad Nazim
Background: Renal cell carcinoma account for 3% of all cancers, with peak incidence between 60 and 70 years of age predominantly affecting male population. Renal carcinoma is the most common malignancy of kidney constitutes for 80-90% of renal neoplasm with an overall 45% five years survival rate. Majority are diagnosed incidentally during investigation for other disease process of abdomen. Classical triad of gross hematuria, pain and palpable mass in abdomen is rare accounting to only 6-10%...
March 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Hisato Shima, Manabu Tashiro, Satoshi Yamada, Motokazu Matsuura, Kazuyoshi Okada, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi, Shu Kawashima
BACKGROUND: Cilostazol is an antiplatelet drug that is widely prescribed for the prevention of secondary stroke. Adverse reactions to cilostazol include headaches, palpitations, and diarrhea. Little is known about the nephrotoxicity of cilostazol, such as acute kidney injury. We report a biopsy-proven case of diffuse tubulointerstitial nephritis induced by cilostazol. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old woman prescribed cilostazol was hospitalized for acute kidney injury...
March 5, 2018: BMC Nephrology
José D Subiela, Andrea Balla, Jesús Bollo, Jaume F Dilme, Begoña Soto Carricas, Eduard M Targarona, Oscar Rodriguez-Faba, Alberto Breda, Juan Palou
BACKGROUND: Ureteroarterial fistula (UAF) represents an uncommon complication after urological surgery; however, this is a well-documented condition in patients with predisposing risk factors. The aim of the present study is to report and analyze the endovascular management of a series of patients with UAF, treated in authors' hospital, and to report and analyze the same data concerning patients retrieved from a systematic literature review. METHODS: Authors conducted a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data and a systematic literature review...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Susan A Barr, Catrina C Crisp, Amanda B White, Shazia A Malik, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to identify screening, treatment, and referral practices of primary care physicians (PCPs) for patients with pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) and evaluate awareness of the Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) subspecialty. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of PCPs using a random sample of 1005 American College of Physicians members, stratified by demographic region. Electronic survey content included awareness of FPMRS certification, comfort diagnosing and treating PFDs, and PFD referral patterns for PCPs...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Krzysztof Ratajczyk, Adrian Czekaj, Joanna Rogala, Pawel Kowal
BACKGROUND: Adult Wilms tumor (WT, nephroblastoma) is a rare, but well-described renal neoplasm. Although inferior vena cava tumor thrombosis is present in up to 10% of Wilms tumors in childhood, only few cases of this clinical manifestation in adults have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of adult WT infiltrating into inferior vena cava (IVC) with concomitant distal deep vein thrombosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old male patient with gross hematuria and right flank pain was diagnosed with right kidney tumor penetrating to IVC...
February 23, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
G Gambaro, D S Goldfarb, R Baccaro, J Hirsch, N Topilow, S D'Alonzo, G Gambassi, P M Ferraro
Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) is a cause of nephrocalcinosis, associated with hematuria, renal colic, pyelonephritis. There are rare and atypical MSK cases characterized by chronic severe pain (CP), whose features are unknown, in particular the relationship with the stone disease activity. This study analyzes a cohort of MSK-CP patients belonging to three North-America self-support Facebook groups. Patients had to self-administer an on-line questionnaire (on intensity, progression and MSK-associated conditions, stone-related disease, pain features, drug use), the Brief Pain Inventory, the Fatigue Severity Score, and Wisconsin Quality of Life (WQL) in stone formers questionnaires...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
Jose Abraão Carneiro Neto, Silvane Braga Santos, Gloria Orge Orge, Davi Tanajura, Lucia Passos, Cassius José Oliveira, Rosana Andrade, Cláudio Galeno de Melo, Ubirajara Barroso, Edgar M Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of the onabotulinum toxin type A in the treatment of HTLV-1 associated overactive bladder and its impact on QoL. METHODS: Case series with 10 patients with overactive bladder refractory to conservative treatment with anticholinergic or physical therapy. They received 200Ui of onabotulinumtoxin type A intravesically and were evaluated by overactive bladder symptoms score (OABSS) and King's Health Questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean (SD) of the age was 52+14...
February 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Hsiang-Chun Lai, Hung-Jen Lin, Sheng-Teng Huang
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common medical condition affecting the urinary tract. Typical symptoms reported by patients include colic pain and hematuria. Some patients may undergo surgical intervention or lithotripsy to remove the stones. In this case, we demonstrated that Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) was an effective modality to remove stones in a patient with urolithiasis. CLINICAL FEATURES AND OUTCOME: A 47-year-old man suffered from right flank pain and hematuria for three months and was diagnosed with an upper third ureteral stone obstruction with right hydronephrosis...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Hongen Lei, Xing Guan, Hu Han, Xiaosong Qian, Xiaoguang Zhou, Xiaodong Zhang, Long Tian
INTRODUCTION: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by a triad of cutaneous port wine capillary malformations, varicose veins, and hemihypertrophy of bone and soft tissues. AIMS: To report on a rare case of KTS in an adult man manifested by painless urethral bleeding during penile erection briefly review the clinical presentation and management of the genitourinary forms of this syndrome. METHODS: On presentation, the clinical features of this patient, including medical history, signs and symptoms, and imaging examinations, were recorded...
February 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Jennifer Noble, Shahnawaz M Amdani, Richard U Garcia, Rajan Arora
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the United States now outnumber children with CHD, due in part to the improvement in surgical and medical management. This growing population may present postoperatively to the emergency department (ED) with nonspecific complaints from unforseen complications secondary to cardiac intervention. CASE REPORT: We describe a 39-year-old male who presented to the ED with hematuria and dysuria after he underwent percutaneous device ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure 10 days before...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Min Pan, Ji Zhang, Xiaohan You, Duo Li, Yinqiu Lv, Jianna Zhang, Xiaokai Ding, Zhanyuan Li, Feifei Xu, Chaosheng Chen
The renal prognosis and treatment of primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients with segmental glomerular necrosis (SGN) remain controversial. Patients with primary IgAN confirmed by renal biopsy were enrolled. Patients with SGN on renal biopsy were selected as the necrosis group, and a propensity score matching method was used to match a control group according to age, gender, weight, height and follow-up time. A total of 825 IgAN patients were enrolled in the present study. Seventy-three (8.8%) patients with SGN were selected as the necrosis group, and 292 patients without SGN were matched as the control group...
February 1, 2018: Human Pathology
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