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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154041/patient-characteristics-treatment-patterns-and-prognostic-factors-in-squamous-cell-bladder-cancer
#1
Haris Zahoor, Paul Elson, Andrew Stephenson, Georges-Pascal Haber, Jihad Kaouk, Amr Fergany, Byron Lee, Vadim Koshkin, Moshe Ornstein, Timothy Gilligan, Jorge A Garcia, Brian Rini, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an uncommon histologic subtype of bladder cancer with limited data on treatment patterns, outcomes, and prognostic factors. "Real world" information might inform decision-making, prognostic estimates, and clinical trial designs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with tissue-confirmed bladder SCC treated at Cleveland Clinic from 2007 to 2016 was performed. Data on patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and clinical follow-up were extracted...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148427/urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-pediatric-patient-four-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Murat Uçar, Metin Demirkaya, Berna Aytaç Vuruşkan, Emin Balkan, Nizamettin Kılıç
BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) of bladder is a rare condition in children. Majority of the cases are non-invasive and low grade in this age group. However, there is no follow-up protocol defined for this patient group. The objective of this study is to draw attention to childhood bladder tumors and focus on current recommendations for postoperative follow-up together with our experience with four cases. CASE REPORT: A total of 4 cases aged under the age of 18, who were treated in our clinics between 2001 and 2015 with the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145282/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-combined-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#3
Yingjing Shen, Chenggang Xu
INTRODUCTION: This report describes the novel sampling of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) combined with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). SYMPTOMS AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 48-year-old Chinese man presented with anasarca, hypourocrinia, gross hematuria, and weight gain by 10 kg subsequently developed acute kidney injury after struck by acute respiratory distress syndrome, really a threat to his heart. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple small cysts in both kidneys, with the right kidney measuring 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142147/accidental-afloqualone-intoxication-in-two-dogs
#4
Jin-Ok Ahn, Won-Joung Jaung, Sang-Heum Won, Min-Ok Ryu, Woo-Jin Song, Kee-Ok Jeon, Jin-Young Chung, Hwa-Young Youn
Two dogs presented to the emergency service after accidental ingestion of afloqualone tablets, a muscle relaxant used for back pain in humans. Toxic effects of the drug in these dogs included vomiting, respiratory depression, seizures, ataxia, bradycardia, and hematuria. Treatment consisted of fluid diuresis, furosemide, and propofol. Flumazenil, a gamma-amino butyric acid antagonist, was administered intravenously; however, it was not effective in stopping the seizures in these dogs. Both dogs recovered with supportive treatment...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134176/recurrent-hematuria-in-renal-angio-venous-malformation-delay-diagnosis-and-endovascular-treatment-a-case-report
#5
Babak Javanmard, Hamidreza Haghighat Khah, Morteza Fallah-Karkan, Salamullah Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130853/endovascular-treatment-of-12-cases-of-renal-arteriovenous-malformations-the-experience-of-1-center-and-an-overview-of-the-literature
#6
Zhen-Yu Jia, Chun-Gao Zhou, Jin-Guo Xia, Lin-Bo Zhao, Wen Zhang, Sheng Liu, Hai-Bin Shi
OBJECTIVES: Congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (rAVMs) represent rare vascular diseases. The heterogeneous vascular architecture of each rAVM determines the endovascular treatment techniques employed. We reported our experience with the endovascular treatment of a series of rAVMs. MATERIALS: This retrospective study consisted of 12 patients with 12 rAVMs who underwent renal arterial embolization (RAE) in our hospital. Embolic materials, including particles, liquid embolic agents (n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate, Onyx, and ethanol), and coils, were selectively used based on the decisions of interventional radiologists...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129340/synchronous-colorectal-cancer-and-multiple-myeloma-with-chest-wall-involvement-is-this-a-coincidence
#7
Qiu-Li Li, Jin-An Ma, Hai-Peng Li, Ren-Bing Huang, Chun-Hong Hu, Xian-Ling Liu, Ya-Wen Gao, Gang-Hua Feng, Fang Wu
Multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) are rare malignant neoplasms that simultaneously or successively occur in the same patient as 2 or more primary malignancies. Currently, an increasing number of cases are being reported. In general, MPMNs more commonly occur as 2 solid tumors or 2 hematological malignancies. Cases of MPMN that involve a solid tumor and a hematological malignancy are rare. Here, we report a case of synchronous colorectal cancer (CRC) and multiple myeloma (MM) with chest wall involvement...
September 25, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124347/the-effect-of-onabotulinumtoxina-according-to-site-of-injection-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Jung Ki Jo, Kyu Nam Kim, Dong Won Kim, Yong Tae Kim, Ji Yoon Kim, Ji Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: This study assessed the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA according to injection site for treatment of overactive bladder. METHODS: A systematic literature review located randomized controlled trials of onabotulinumtoxinA treatment for neurogenic detrusor overactive bladder and idiopathic overactive bladder in adults. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the Ovid platform. Meta-analysis was based on Cochrane Review Methods...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118536/characteristics-of-bladder-neoplasms-in-the-young-population-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdulrahman I Alabdulkareem, Fares H Al-Jahdali, Ahmed I Nazers, Sultan S Alkhateeb
Context: Bladder neoplasms are a well-studied subject in medicine. However, the evidence of bladder neoplasms in children and the young adult population (≤40 years), particularly in Saudi Arabia, is lacking. Aims: The aims of this study were to identify histopathological characteristics as well as clinical features, prognosis, and treatment of bladder neoplasms in this age group in a single tertiary referral center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Settings and Design: A retrospective cohort study...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103255/-two-cases-of-urachal-carcinoma-treated-by-ts-1-cddp-as-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#10
Michinobu Ozawa, Akito Kuromoto, Kento Morozumi, Masahiko Satou, Senji Hoshi, Kenji Numahata
Case 1 : A 48-year-old man presenting with gross hematuria was suspected to have a tumor located in the bladder dome. He was referred to our department for further examination and treatment. Cystoscopy showed a dome-shaped mass in the supravesical region. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated the possibility of urachal carcinoma and peritoneal dissemination. Therefore, partial cystectomy with urachal resection was performed. The intraoperative findings were disseminated peritoneal nodules and mucus entering the peritoneal cavity from the tumor...
October 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098007/primary-renal-lymphoma-presenting-as-end-stage-renal-disease
#11
Lavjay Butani, Jonathan Ducore
Primary renal lymphoma is a rare entity, even more so in children. Children with primary renal lymphoma present with variable clinical features such as constitutional signs and symptoms, acute kidney injury, palpable abdominal masses, and gross hematuria. Herein we report a child who presented with seemingly advanced chronic kidney disease and was eventually diagnosed with primary lymphoma. He responded well to intensive chemotherapy and recovered renal function, although he was left with some functional limitations as a consequence of his treatment regimen...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097267/spontaneous-neonatal-renal-vein-thromboses-should-we-treat-them-all-a-report-of-five-cases-and-a-literature-review
#12
François Niada, René Tabin, Simon Kayemba-Kay's
Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a rare but well-known neonatal entity for which several therapeutic modalities are reported in the literature because of the lack of consensus management guidelines. POPULATION AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the medical records of children managed between January 1990 and December 2013, and whose final diagnosis was RVT. The diagnosis was initially clinical and subsequently confirmed by the abdominal ultrasonography (AUS) and Doppler imaging if necessary...
October 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094888/bladder-cancer-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Katharine C DeGeorge, Harry R Holt, Stephanie C Hodges
Bladder cancer is the sixth most prevalent malignancy in the United States and causes more than 16,000 deaths annually. The most common clinical presentation is asymptomatic hematuria, which should prompt evaluation with cystoscopy, renal function testing, and upper urinary tract imaging in adults 35 years and older and in those with irritative voiding symptoms, risk factors for bladder cancer, or gross hematuria at any age. Transurethral resection of the bladder tumor allows for definitive diagnosis, staging, and primary treatment...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093399/the-renoprotective-effects-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-as-an-add-on-therapy-in-patients-receiving-eicosapentaenoic-acid-as-treatment-for-iga-nephropathy-a-pilot-uncontrolled-trial
#14
Takahito Moriyama, Saeko Kumon, Takahiro Kamiyama, Kazunori Karasawa, Keiko Uchida, Kosaku Nitta
Objective Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have been reported to have beneficial effects in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Although DHA and EPA have different mechanisms of action, no study to date has assessed their individual actions in patients with IgAN. This study therefore analyzed the effects administering DHA in addition to EPA for the treatment of IgAN. Methods Twenty-one IgAN patients who were being treated with EPA (1,800 mg/day) were switched to EPA (1,860 mg/day) and DHA (1,500 mg/day)...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090364/hematuria-and-hematospermia-associated-with-the-use-of-finasteride-for-the-treatment-of-androgenic-alopecia-a-case-report
#15
Abdel-Motaal M Fouda, Anees M Bazeed
In this report we address an unusual adverse effect of finasteride (Propecia 1 mg tablets) that was associated with painless hematuria and hematospermia in a 38-year-old healthy male during treatment of androgenic alopecia at a dose of 1 mg/day. It was found that the bleeding was linked to finasteride use as it occurred 2-3 days after use and stopped upon discontinuation of the drug. The patient was subjected to urological examination, laboratory investigations, and radiological imaging to identify the probable cause of bleeding...
October 31, 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090339/holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-is-an-effective-treatment-in-patients-with-concomitant-bladder-diverticula-and-outlet-obstruction
#16
Deepak K Agarwal, Amy E Krambeck
INTRODUCTION: Bladder diverticula can be congenital or secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia with bladder outlet obstruction, and be a source of high postvoid residuals prompting surgical intervention. We sought to evaluate the outcomes of patients with bladder diverticula undergoing holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for bladder outlet obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed HoLEP patients with at least one bladder diverticulum at two high volume institutions...
October 31, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084189/-multiorgan-malfunction-after-fontan-operation-in-adult-patients
#17
Monika Smaś-Suska, Paweł Iwaszczuk, Beata Róg, Piotr Weryński, Maria Olszowska, Piotr Podolec, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk
Although 85% of patients with univentricular heart after Fontan procedure survive twenty years after operation, the procedure alone seems to be an inadequate treatment as a permanent clinical solution. Patients with a "Fontan physiology" additionally have to face a various extra-cardiac complications, including thyroid, liver and kidney dysfunction, which are not only potentially life-threatening, but also can potentiate the circulatory insufficiency. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess a multiorgan dysfunction in adult patients after Fontan operation in long term follow-up and compare to healthy controls...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082328/schistosomiasis-a-disobedient-ureter-a-disobedient-diagnosis
#18
Pallavi Olivia Pal, Richard Daron Smith, Sian Allen, Marzena Ratynska, Simon Edwards, Philip Gothard, Sarah Logan
Background: Schistosomiasis is rare in western countries, but remains a potentially serious disease. It is known to result in severe urogenital complications; prompt diagnosis can therefore significantly affect outcomes. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 41-year-old male with pleuritic chest pain and visible hematuria who had emigrated from Zimbabwe to the United Kingdom 20 years previously. CT imaging revealed a hydronephrotic right pelvicaliceal system, with a dilated ureter to its distal portion...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082325/endoscopic-treatment-of-intrauterine-device-migration-into-the-bladder-with-stone-formation
#19
Masayuki Sano, Kaoru Nemoto, Takafumi Miura, Yasutomo Suzuki
Background: An intrauterine device is commonly used for contraception globally. Although intrauterine device placement is an effective and safe method of contraception, migration into the bladder with stone formation is a rare and serious complication. The management approaches for an intrauterine device embedded in the bladder include endoscopic procedures and open surgical removal. In this study, we report the case of a patient with recurrent urinary tract infection associated with intrauterine device migration and urolithiasis, who successfully underwent endoscopic treatment combined with laser fragmentation...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079986/percutaneous-image-guided-core-biopsy-of-solid-renal-masses-analysis-of-safety-efficacy-pathologic-interpretation-and-clinical-significance
#20
Nisha Alle, Nelly Tan, Julie Huss, Jiatoi Huang, Allan Pantuck, Steven S Raman
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy, safety and clinical utility of CT and US-guided percutaneous renal mass biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant study of a cohort of 183 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous, CT or US-guided renal mass biopsy (RMB) from March 2002 through December 2012 was performed. RMB was performed in 183 consecutive patients for suspected solid renal mass of whom 14/183 (7.7%) were excluded because biopsies were performed at an outside institution, medical records were incomplete, or lesions were poorly visualized...
October 27, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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