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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935370/food-insecurity-weight-and-nutritional-status-among-older-adults-attending-senior-centres-in-lisbon
#1
S Ganhão-Arranhado, C Paúl, R Ramalho, P Pereira
Nutritional status is important to elders to live without disabilities. Food Insecurity (FI) is a risk factor associated with poorer nutritional status among elderly as well as a social determinant. This research aimed to identify FI prevalence and to explore the relation between FI, weight status and socio-demographic factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to February 2016 in Lisbon. Malnutrition was determined using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935107/essential-fatty-acids-linoleic-acid-and-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-sex-dependently-regulate-glucose-homeostasis-in-obesity
#2
Pan Zhuang, Qiyang Shou, Wenqiao Wang, Lilin He, Jun Wang, Jingnan Chen, Yu Zhang, Jingjing Jiao
SCOPE: To assess the associations of dietary linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in a population-based cohort and further explore the mechanism of action in a high-fat-diet induced obese (DIO) mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS: The occurrence of T2D among 15,100 healthy Chinese adults from China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS, 1997-2011) were followed up for a median of 14 years. The relations of ALA and LA intakes with T2D risk were modified by BMI, with significant associations restricted to obese/overweight subjects...
June 23, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932567/the-world-health-organization-community-empowerment-model-in-addressing-food-insecurity-in-low-income-african-american-women-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Barbara A Fowler, Joyce Newman Giger
Numerous researchers have examined the serious consequences of food insecurity and food deserts affecting the nutritional health of poor or low-income African-American women and their families. Food insecurity is defined as having limited or uncertain capacityfor acquiring sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet one's dietary needs, while food deserts refer to economically and socially-deprived inner city areas with inadequate food supply that are often inhabited by low-income groups. Researchers have found that despite the capacity of community-level resources such as SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) and WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) supporting healthy nutrition, food insecurity persists among some recipients of both nutritional resources...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925809/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-in-duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy-implications-for-therapies
#4
REVIEW
Ahlke Heydemann
The interactions between nutrition and metabolism and skeletal muscle have long been known. Muscle is the major metabolic organ—it consumes more calories than other organs—and therefore, there is a clear need to discuss these interactions and provide some direction for future research areas regarding muscle pathologies. In addition, new experiments and manuscripts continually reveal additional highly intricate, reciprocal interactions between metabolism and muscle. These reciprocal interactions include exercise, age, sex, diet, and pathologies including atrophy, hypoxia, obesity, diabetes, and muscle myopathies...
June 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921799/nutritional-requirements-of-lung-transplant-recipients-challenges-and-considerations
#5
REVIEW
Valerie Jomphe, Larry C Lands, Genevieve Mailhot
An optimal nutritional status is associated with better post-transplant outcomes and survival. Post-lung transplant nutrition management is however particularly challenging as lung recipients represent a very heterogeneous group of patients in terms of age, underlying diseases, weight status and presence of comorbidities. Furthermore, the post-transplant period encompasses several stages characterized by physiological and pathophysiological changes that affect nutritional status of patients and necessitate tailored nutrition management...
June 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921793/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-metabolic-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Rose Ghemrawi, Shyue-Fang Battaglia-Hsu, Carole Arnold
Metabolic disorders have become among the most serious threats to human health, leading to severe chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as well as cardiovascular diseases. Interestingly, despite the fact that each of these diseases has different physiological and clinical symptoms, they appear to share certain pathological traits such as intracellular stress and inflammation induced by metabolic disturbance stemmed from over nutrition frequently aggravated by a modern, sedentary life style...
June 19, 2018: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916766/early-life-displacement-due-to-armed-conflict-and-violence-early-nutrition-and-older-adult-hypertension-diabetes-and-obesity-in-the-middle-income-country-of-colombia
#7
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: We examine the importance of early life displacement and nutrition on hypertension (HTN) and diabetes in older Colombian adults (60+ years) exposed to rapid demographic, epidemiological, and nutritional transitions, and armed conflict. We compare early life nutritional status and adult health in other middle- and high-income countries. METHOD: In Colombia (Survey of Health, Wellbeing and Aging [SABE]-Bogotá), we estimate the effects of early life conditions (displacement due to armed conflict and violence, hunger, low height, and not born in the capital city) and obesity on adult health; we compare the effects of low height on adult health in Mexico, South Africa (Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health [SAGE]), the United States, and England (Health and Retirement Study [HRS], English Longitudinal Study of Ageing [ELSA])...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907450/altered-maternal-and-placental-lipid-metabolism-and-fetal-fat-development-in-obesity-current-knowledge-and-advances-in-non-invasive-assessment
#8
Flavien Delhaes, Stephanie A Giza, Tianna Koreman, Genevieve Eastabrook, Charles A McKenzie, Samantha Bedell, Timothy R H Regnault, Barbra de Vrijer
Abnormal maternal lipid profiles, a hallmark of increased maternal adiposity, are associated with pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, and offspring long-term metabolic health is impacted as the consequence of altered fetal growth, physiology and often iatrogenic prematurity. The metabolic changes associated with maternal obesity and/or the consumption of a high-fat diet effecting maternal lipid profiles and metabolism have also been documented to specifically affect placental function and may underlie changes in fetal development and life course disease risk...
May 26, 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905590/are-college-students-told-by-health-care-providers-about-their-risk-factors-for-developing-diabetes
#9
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902166/obesity-prevalence-among-adults-living-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#10
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Liping Pan, Terry O'Toole, Kevin Matthews, Heidi M Blanck
Approximately 46 million persons (14%) in the United States live in nonmetropolitan counties.* Compared with metropolitan residents, nonmetropolitan residents have a higher prevalence of obesity-associated chronic diseases such as diabetes (1), coronary heart disease (1), and arthritis (2). The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found a significantly higher obesity prevalence among adults in nonmetropolitan (39.6%) than in metropolitan (33.4%) counties (3). However, this difference has not been examined by state...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899685/securing-rights-and-nutritional-health-for-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pressing-challenge
#11
Svein Olav Kolset, Marianne Nordstrøm, Sigrun Hope, Kjetil Retterstøl, Per Ole Iversen
Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) are dependent on nutritional policies that have so far not been addressed in a systematic and health-promoting manner in Norway and other nations with a high socioeconomic standard. In many poor countries, such issues have not even been raised nor addressed. Nutritional issues facing persons with ID include the risk of both underweight and overweight. Deficiency in energy, vitamins, essential fatty acids and micronutrients can increase the risk of additional health burdens in already highly vulnerable individuals...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893042/prospective-cohort-studies-of-birth-weight-and-risk-of-obesity-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-adulthood-among-chinese-population
#12
Qinghua Xia, Hui Cai, Yong-Bing Xiang, Peng Zhou, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Yu Jiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng, Wang-Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been associated with subsequent risks of obesity and certain chronic diseases, but evidence for this association is limited for Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from two population-based prospective cohort studies, the Shanghai Women's Health Study and the Shanghai Men's Health Study to examine the association. Information on self-reported birth weight was collected at the baseline in-person interview. Anthropometric measurements were taken at the study enrollment...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889580/a-pilot-test-of-the-gowoman-weight-management-intervention-for-women-with-mobility-impairments-in-the-online-virtual-world-of-second-life-%C3%A2
#13
Margaret A Nosek, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Tracey A Ledoux, Rosemary B Hughes, Daniel P O'Connor, Rebecca E Lee, Rebecca Goe, Stephanie L Silveira, Rachel Markley, Thomas M Nosek
OBJECTIVE: Pilot test GoWoman, a small-group weight management intervention for mobility impaired women that was a disability- and gender-responsive adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program delivered in the online virtual world of Second Life® . Objectives were to (1) examine pre-/post-intervention differences in weight, waist circumference, diet, physical activity, self-efficacy for diet and physical activity, nutrition knowledge and social support for weight management, (2) determine intervention feasibility (fidelity, attrition, engagement, acceptability)...
June 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886190/impact-of-diet-induced-obesity-on-the-mouse-brain-phosphoproteome
#14
Valentina Siino, Antonella Amato, Francesca Di Salvo, Gaetano Felice Caldara, Marcello Filogamo, Peter James, Sonya Vasto
Obesity is closely associated to several diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hepatic steatosis, airway disease, neurodegeneration, biliary diseases and certain cancers. It is, therefore, of importance to assess the role of nutrition in disease prevention as well as its effect in the course of such pathologies. In the present study, we addressed the impact of the exposure to different obesogenic diets in the mice brains phosphoproteome. To analyze if the obesity could be able to modify the protein pattern expression of brain neurons, obesity was induced in two different groups of mice...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885388/novel-nomogram-for-screening-the-risk-of-developing-diabetes-in-a-korean-population
#15
Seung Min Chung, Jae Cheol Park, Jun Sung Moon, Jea Young Lee
AIMS: We propose a novel nomogram, which graphically expresses the numerical relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and disease-related risk factors. METHODS: Data of 8999 patients from the 2013-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to assess risk factors for T2D and a nomogram was constructed based on screened risk factors. A receiver operating curve (ROC) and calibration plot were created to evaluate the accuracy of the nomogram...
June 6, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882289/diet-during-pregnancy-is-implicated-in-the-regulation-of-hypothalamic-rna-methylation-and-risk-of-obesity-in-offspring
#16
Antony Kaspi, Ishant Khurana, Mark Ziemann, Timothy Connor, Briana Spolding, Paul Zimmet, Ken Walder, Assam El-Osta
SCOPE: Early life nutrition has long-lasting influence in adults through key mediators that modulate epigenetic states, although the determinants involved that underlie this response remain controversial. Because of the similarities between metabolic, physiological and endocrine changes and those occurring in human type 2 diabetes we studied the interaction of diet during pregnancy regulating RNA adenosine methylation (m6A) and the transcriptome in Psammomys obesus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Breeding pairs were randomly allocated standard diet (total digestible energy 18 MJ kg-1 ) or low-fat diet (15 MJ kg-1 )...
June 7, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881742/generalizability-of-indicators-from-the-new-york-city-macroscope-electronic-health-record-surveillance-system-to-systems-based-on-other-ehr-platforms
#17
Katharine H McVeigh, Elizabeth Lurie-Moroni, Pui Ying Chan, Remle Newton-Dame, Lauren Schreibstein, Kathleen S Tatem, Matthew L Romo, Lorna E Thorpe, Sharon E Perlman
Introduction: The New York City (NYC) Macroscope is an electronic health record (EHR) surveillance system based on a distributed network of primary care records from the Hub Population Health System. In a previous 3-part series published in eGEMS , we reported the validity of health indicators from the NYC Macroscope; however, questions remained regarding their generalizability to other EHR surveillance systems. Methods: We abstracted primary care chart data from more than 20 EHR software systems for 142 participants of the 2013-14 NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey who did not contribute data to the NYC Macroscope...
December 7, 2017: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879890/pathophysiology-of-type-2-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Badhma Valaiyapathi, Barbara Gower, Ambika P Ashraf
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM) in children is disturbingly increasing in parallel with increasing childhood obesity. Better knowledge regarding the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children is paramount to devise an effective management plan. OBJECTIVE: Discuss the pathophysiology of type 2 DM in children and adolescents Methods and results: This is a comprehensive review of the literature on this topic. Type 2 DM in childhood is viewed as a continuum of insulin resistance (IR) which is determined by an underlying genetic predisposition, intrauterine environment, excessive food consumption, continued rapid weight gain, and poor lifestyle...
June 7, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879054/association-between-muscle-strength-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-adults-in-korea-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-vi
#19
Mee-Ri Lee, Sung Min Jung, Hyuk Bang, Hwa Sung Kim, Yong Bae Kim
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant chronic disease, and health burden from DM is increasing. Recently, studies on the relationship between handgrip strength, which is a measuring tool for muscle strength, and type 2 DM were published. However, the results have been conflicting. In addition, few studies that used data from adults in Korea have been conducted. Thus, this study aimed to identify the association between handgrip strength as well as type 2 DM and insulin resistance in adults using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2014 to 2015...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875971/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-an-urban-population-of-adults-living-with-hiv-in-nairobi-kenya
#20
Catherine Nduku Kiama, Joyce Njeri Wamicwe, Elvis Omondi Oyugi, Mark Odhiambo Obonyo, Jane Githuku Mungai, Zeinab Gura Roka, Ann Mwangi
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome affects 20-25% of the adult population globally. It predisposes to cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes. Studies in other countries suggest a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among HIV-infected patients but no studies have been reported in Kenya. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome in adult HIV-infected patients in an urban population in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods: In a cross-sectional study design, conducted at Riruta Health Centre in 2016, 360 adults infected with HIV were recruited...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
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