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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820783/epidemiology-of-obesity-in-the-hispanic-adult-population-in-the-united-states
#1
Kimberly Y Z Forrest, Marcy J Leeds, Alexander C Ufelle
Obesity is a major health concern in Hispanic populations. This study evaluated the epidemiology of obesity and associated factors among Hispanics using the data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the 1241 participants (20 years of age or older), the prevalence rates were as follows: overweight, 77.1%; obesity, 42.4%; and central obesity, 57.0%. These rates were consistent throughout most age groups. Significantly, more females than males were obese. Higher obesity rates were seen among those with diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, and arthritis...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817790/maximum-lifetime-body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-mexican-american-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-iii-1988-1994-and-nhanes-1999-2010
#2
Carrie R Howell, Kevin Fontaine, Keisuke Ejima, Kirsten K Ness, Andrea Cherrington, Tapan Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Studies in US Hispanic adults indicate no deleterious association between obesity and death. We tested the hypothesis that accounting for weight history would provide more insight into this nonassociation. METHODS: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine associations between maximum lifetime body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among US-residing Mexican American adults. BMI was classified as underweight (<18...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816984/age-threshold-for-moderate-and-severe-periodontitis-among-korean-adults-without-diabetes-mellitus-hypertension-metabolic-syndrome-and-or-obesity
#3
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
The purpose of this study is to determine an appropriate age threshold at which to recommend the evaluation of moderate and severe periodontitis among Korean adults.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2012 to 2014. Incidence rates of periodontitis with the 95% confidence interval (CI) were evaluated. The predictive accuracy of age for periodontitis was determined by calculating the area under curve (AUC) on the basis of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809663/promoting-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-people-with-stroke
#4
Ryan R Bailey
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity is high in people with stroke. Risk factors for these conditions include hypertension, high cholesterol, and physical inactivity. These risk factors are common in people with stroke and often go unmanaged. Engagement in healthy behaviors is important for managing and preventing these risk factors and comorbid conditions. More specifically, physical activity and nutrition are key health behaviors for the management and maintenance of health in people with stroke...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802307/optimal-dietary-macronutrient-distribution-in-china-odmdc-a-randomised-controlled-feeding-trial-protocol
#5
Yi Wan, Fenglei Wang, Jihong Yuan, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Findings from observational studies in China show that increased dietary fat consumption might be a contributor to the developing obesity epidemic. However, some cohort studies suggest that carbohydrate intake, especially from white rice, is a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in China. Our study aims to determine whether the traditional lower-fat, higher-carbohydrate Chinese or the Western higher-fat, lower-carbohydrate dietary pattern is more effective for weight control and the related cardiometabolic profiles increasingly found among contemporary Chinese...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802091/a-cyclic-and-intermittent-very-low-protein-diet-can-have-beneficial-effects-against-advanced-diabetic-nephropathy-in-wistar-fatty-fa-fa-rats-an-animal-model-of-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity
#6
Munehiro Kitada, Yoshio Ogura, Taeko Suzuki, Itaru Monnno, Keizo Kanasaki, Ai Watanabe, Daisuke Koya
A low-protein diet (LPD), particularly, very low-protein diet (VLPD) is expected for reno-protection in advanced chronic kidney disease, including diabetic nephropathy. We previously also demonstrated that a VLPD clearly improved advanced diabetic nephropathy in a type 2 diabetes and obesity rat. However, clinically, an everyday long-term VLPD contributes to poor adherence, which may be related to controvertial results of an LPD on the suppression for diabetic nephropathy, and has nutritional issues, such as sarcopenia or protein-energy wasting...
August 12, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793129/clinical-characteristics-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes-comparison-of-two-cohorts-enrolled-20-years-apart-in-southern-brazil
#7
Angela Jacob Reichelt, Letícia Schwerz Weinert, Livia Silveira Mastella, Vanessa Gnielka, Maria Amélia Campos, Vânia Naomi Hirakata, Maria Lúcia Rocha Oppermann, Sandra Pinho Silveiro, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and characteristics of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have changed over time, reflecting the nutritional transition and changes in diagnostic criteria. We aimed to evaluate characteristics of women with GDM over a 20-year interval. DESIGN AND SETTING: Comparison of two pregnancy cohorts enrolled in different periods, in university hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil: 1991 to 1993 (n = 216); and 2009 to 2013 (n = 375). METHODS: We applied two diagnostic criteria to the cohorts: International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG)/World Health Organization (WHO); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)...
July 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792455/cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-plant-based-diets
#8
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard
Cardio-metabolic disease, namely ischemic heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, represent substantial health and economic burdens. Almost one half of cardio-metabolic deaths in the U.S. might be prevented through proper nutrition. Plant-based (vegetarian and vegan) diets are an effective strategy for improving nutrient intake. At the same time, they are associated with decreased all-cause mortality and decreased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease events by an estimated 40% and the risk of cerebral vascular disease events by 29%...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783113/-omics-in-human-colostrum-and-mature-milk-looking-to-old-data-with-new-eyes
#9
REVIEW
Flaminia Bardanzellu, Vassilios Fanos, Alessandra Reali
Human Milk (HM) is the best source for newborn nutrition until at least six months; it exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-infective functions, promotes immune system formation and supports organ development. Breastfeeding could also protect from obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, human colostrum (HC) presents a peculiar role in newborn support as a protective effect against allergic and chronic diseases, in addition to long-term metabolic benefits. In this review, we discuss the recent literature regarding "omics" technologies and growth factors (GF) in HC and the effects of pasteurization on its composition...
August 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781027/tobacco-exposure-as-determined-by-serum-cotinine-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury-in-individuals-free-from-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Muhammad Ali, Yabing Li, Wesley T O'Neal, Elsayed Z Soliman
Tobacco exposure including second-hand smoke is the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States. Serum cotinine, a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for tobacco exposure, is a more accurate measure of tobacco exposure than self-reported smoking status. Although the harmful effect of tobacco exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (e.g., atherosclerosis) or hard CVD outcomes (e.g., myocardial infarction) is well established, its effect on intermediate outcomes such as subclinical myocardial injury (SMI), especially in nonsmokers, is not clear...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770334/association-between-organic-food-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-cross-sectional-results-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#11
Julia Baudry, Hélène Lelong, Solia Adriouch, Chantal Julia, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Denis Lairon, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a multicomponent condition, is a cardiovascular disease predictor. Although exposure to agricultural pesticides has been suggested as a potential contributor to the rising rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other features of metabolic disorders, no studies have focused on the association between consumption of organic food (produced without synthetic pesticides) and MetS. We aimed to investigate the cross-sectional association between organic food consumption and MetS in French adults to determine whether it would be worth conducting further studies, particularly large prospective and randomised trials...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765690/diarrhea-after-bariatric-procedures-diagnosis-and-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Yves M Borbély, Alice Osterwalder, Dino Kröll, Philipp C Nett, Roman A Inglin
Diarrhea after bariatric procedures, mainly those with malabsorptive elements including Roux-Y Gastric Bypass and Biliopancreatic Diversion, is common and an essential determinant of quality of life and micro- and macronutrient deficiencies. Bariatric surgery is the only sustainably successful method to address morbid obesity and its comorbidities, particularly gaining more and more importance in the specific treatment of diabetic patients. Approximately half a million procedures are annually performed around the world, with numbers expected to rise drastically in the near future...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757585/should-research-on-the-nutritional-potential-and-health-benefits-of-fermented-cereals-focus-more-on-the-general-health-status-of-populations-in-developing-countries
#13
Caroline Laurent-Babot, Jean-Pierre Guyot
Cereal foods fermented by lactic acid bacteria are staples in many countries around the world particularly in developing countries, but some aspects of the nutritional and health benefits of traditional fermented foods in developing countries have not been sufficiently investigated compared to fermented foods in high-income countries. Today, malnutrition worldwide is characterized by a double burden, excess leading to non-communicable diseases like obesity or diabetes alongside micronutrient deficiencies. In addition, populations in developing countries suffer from infectious and parasitic diseases that can jeopardize the health benefits provided by their traditional fermented foods...
July 25, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754350/beneficial-metabolic-effects-of-dietary-epigallocatechin-gallate-alone-and-in-combination-with-exendin-4-in-high-fat-diabetic-mice
#14
Nupur M Pathak, Paul J B Millar, Varun Pathak, Peter R Flatt, Victor A Gault
OBJECTIVE: Significant attempts are being made to generate multifunctional, hybrid or peptide combinations as novel therapeutic strategies for type 2 diabetes, however this presents key challenges including design and pharmaceutical development. In this study, we evaluated metabolic properties of oral nutritional supplement epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in combination with GLP-1 agonist exendin-4 in a mouse model of dietary-induced diabetes and obesity. METHODS: EGCG, exendin-4 or combination of both were administered twice-daily over 28 days to high fat (HF) mice on background of low-dose streptozotocin...
July 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754022/unfolding-novel-mechanisms-of-polyphenol-flavonoids-for-better-glycaemic-control-targeting-pancreatic-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-iapp
#15
REVIEW
Ivana R Sequeira, Sally D Poppitt
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterised by hyperglycaemia resulting from defective insulin secretion, insulin resistance, or both. The impact of over-nutrition and reduced physical activity, evidenced by the exponential rise in obesity and the prevalence of T2D, strongly supports the implementation of lifestyle modification programs. Accordingly, an increased consumption of fruits and plant-derived foods has been advocated, as their intake is inversely correlated with T2D prevalence; this has been attributed, in part, to their contained polyphenolic compounds...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750178/modifying-an-evidence-based-lifestyle-programme-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Kaye Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at a risk of obesity-related chronic diseases; yet, no evidence-based strategies exist to support weight management in this population. The purpose of this study was to use participatory action research to modify the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP-GLB) programme for overweight/obese people with TBI. The DPP-GLB programme provides education and self-management skills for individuals to reach their lifestyle goals through healthy eating and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747862/food-consumption-nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-in-ghanaian-migrants-in-europe-and-their-compatriots-in-ghana
#17
Cecilia Galbete, Mary Nicolaou, Karlijn A Meeks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Stephen K Amoah, Liam Smeeth, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Silver Bahendeka, Charles Agyemang, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Erik J Beune, Karien Stronks, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah
Background: West African immigrants in Europe are disproportionally affected by metabolic conditions compared to European host populations. Nutrition transition through urbanisation and migration may contribute to this observations, but remains to be characterised. Objective: We aimed to describe the dietary behaviour and its socio-demographic factors among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots living different Ghanaian settings. Methods: The multi-centre, cross-sectional RODAM (Research on Obesity and Diabetes among African Migrants) study was conducted among Ghanaian adults in rural and urban Ghana, and Europe...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746163/the-potential-contribution-of-dietary-factors-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#18
Niva Shapira
Breast cancer (BC), the leading cancer in women, is increasing in prevalence worldwide, concurrent with western metabolic epidemics, that is, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, and shares major risk factors with these diseases. The corresponding potential for nutritional contributions toward BC prevention is reviewed and related to critical stages in the life cycle and their implications for carcinogenic and pathometabolic trajectories. BC initiation potentially involves diet-related pro-oxidative, inflammatory, and procarcinogenic processes, that interact through combined lipid/fatty acid peroxidation, estrogen metabolism, and related DNA-adduct/depurination/mutation formation...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744225/is-it-time-to-begin-a-public-campaign-concerning-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Jerzy Sacha, Magdalena Sacha, Jacek Soboń, Zbigniew Borysiuk, Piotr Feusette
Frailty is a state that encompasses losses in physical, psychological or social domains. Therefore, frail people demonstrate a reduced potential to manage external stressors and to respond to life incidents. Consequently, such persons are prone to various adverse consequences such as falls, cognitive decline, infections, hospitalization, disability, institutionalization, and death. Pre-frailty is a condition predisposing and usually preceding the frailty state. Early detection of frailty (i.e., pre-frailty) may present an opportunity to introduce effective management to improve outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740738/shorter-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-relation-to-presumed-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-mexican-american-men-in-nhanes-1999-2002
#20
Janet M Wojcicki, David Rehkopf, Elissa Epel, Philip Rosenthal
Leukocyte telomere length is shorter in response to chronic disease processes associated with inflammation such as diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2002 was used to explore the relationship between leukocyte telomere length and presumed NAFLD, as indicated by elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, obesity, or abdominal obesity. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between telomere length and presumed markers of NAFLD adjusting for possible confounders...
2017: International Journal of Hepatology
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