keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity, nutrition, diabetes,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675748/association-between-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexican-population
#1
Gerardo A Zavala, Spyros Kolovos, Alessandro Chiarotto, Judith E Bosmans, Maiza Campos-Ponce, Jorge L Rosado, Olga P Garcia
PURPOSE: Obesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population. METHODS: We used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity was determined using the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity by measuring waist circumference...
April 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665620/personalized-cardio-metabolic-responses-to-an-anti-inflammatory-nutrition-intervention-in-obese-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#2
Aoibheann M McMorrow, Ruth M Connaughton, Tiago R Magalhães, Fiona C McGillicuddy, Maria F Hughes, David Cheishvili, Melissa J Morine, Sean Ennis, Marie-Louise Healy, Edna F Roche, Richard E Tremblay, Moshe Szyf, Fiona E Lithander, Helen M Roche
SCOPE: Chronic inflammation and hypoadiponectinemia are characteristic of obesity-induced insulin resistance (IR). The effect of an anti-inflammatory nutrition supplement (AINS) on IR and adiponectin biology in overweight adolescents was investigated. The secondary objective was to examine the extent to which individuals' biomarker profiles, derived from baseline phenotypes, predicted response or not to the AINS. Additionally, the impact of DNA methylation on intervention efficacy was assessed...
April 17, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#3
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661088/perceived-versus-actual-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-race-and-ethnicity
#4
Kyeongra Yang, Lynn M Baniak, Christopher C Imes, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived risk and actual risk of type 2 diabetes by race and/or ethnicity. Methods The study sample included 10 999 adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using interviews and physical examinations. Participants were asked if they felt at risk for diabetes or prediabetes and then asked the reasons why. Data analyses were conducted with SAS to properly analyze complex survey data...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659694/nutritional-genomics-and-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-an-overview
#5
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Hassan S Dashti, Jordi Merino
The increasing prevalence in polygenic diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes, observed over the past few decades is more likely linked to a rapid transition in lifestyle rather than to changes in the sequence of the nuclear genome. In the new era of precision medicine, nutritional genomics holds the promise to be translated into tailored nutritional strategies to prevent and manage polygenic diseases more effectively. Nutritional genomics aims to prevent, treat, and manage polygenic diseases through targeted therapies formulated from individuals' genetic makeup and dietary intake...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656788/overweight-without-central-obesity-cardiovascular-risk-and-all-cause-mortality
#6
Xin He, Chen Liu, Yili Chen, Jiangui He, Yugang Dong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of overweight without central obesity with risks of mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 14,299 participants in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (from October 18, 1988, through October 15, 1994). According to their body mass index and waist circumference, participants were categorized into 7 anthropometric groups. Logistic regression models were used to assess the relation of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, or hypercholesterolemia) and 10-year cardiovascular risk to anthropometric groups...
April 12, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650340/longitudinal-evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-nutritional-status-during-one-year-treatment-with-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner
#7
Nina Riedel, Katharina Laubner, Anne Lautenbach, Gerhard Schön, Matthias Schlensak, Rainer Stengel, Thomas Eberl, Frank Dederichs, Jens Aberle, Jochen Seufert
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) represents a novel temporary endoscopic approach for treatment of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Recent results from the German DJBL registry confirmed substantial positive metabolic effects of the DJBL in type 2 diabetes. However, the last Food and Drug Administration trial was stopped due to a high occurrence of hepatic abscesses (3.5%). OBJECTIVES: Here, we analyzed time courses of development of co-morbidities, nutritive changes, and occurrence of adverse events during the 1-year treatment phase with the DJBL in the German DJBL registry...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649917/association-of-obesity-with-healthcare-resource-utilization-and-costs-in-a-commercial-population
#8
Pravin S Kamble, Jennifer Hayden, Jenna Collins, Raymond A Harvey, Brandon Suehs, Andrew Renda, Mette Hammer, Joanna Huang, Jonathan Bouchard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of obesity with healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs among commercially insured individuals. METHODS: This retrospective observational cohort study used insured individuals' administrative claims from 1/1/2007 to 12/1/2013. The ICD-9-CM status codes (V85 hierarchy) from 2008 to 2012 classified body mass index (BMI) into the World Health Organizations' BMI categories. The date of first observed BMI code was defined as the index date and continuous eligibility for one year pre- and post- index date was ensured...
April 12, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643982/nutrients-and-oxidative-stress-friend-or-foe
#9
REVIEW
Bee Ling Tan, Mohd Esa Norhaizan, Winnie-Pui-Pui Liew
There are different types of nutritionally mediated oxidative stress sources that trigger inflammation. Much information indicates that high intakes of macronutrients can promote oxidative stress and subsequently contribute to inflammation via nuclear factor-kappa B- (NF- κ B-) mediated cell signaling pathways. Dietary carbohydrates, animal-based proteins, and fats are important to highlight here because they may contribute to the long-term consequences of nutritionally mediated inflammation. Oxidative stress is a central player of metabolic ailments associated with high-carbohydrate and animal-based protein diets and excessive fat consumption...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630009/pregnancy-exercise-and-nutrition-with-smartphone-application-support-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maria A Kennelly, Kate Ainscough, Karen L Lindsay, Elizabeth OʼSullivan, Eileen R Gibney, Mary McCarthy, Ricardo Segurado, Giuseppe DeVito, Orla Maguire, Thomas Smith, Mensud Hatunic, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a healthy lifestyle package (an antenatal behavior change intervention supported by smartphone application technology) on the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: Women with body mass indexes (BMIs) 25-39.9 were enrolled into this randomized controlled trial. The intervention consisted of specific dietary and exercise advice that addressed behavior change supported by a tailor-designed smartphone application...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626933/effects-of-nutrition-therapy-on-hba1c-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Adham Mottalib, Veronica Salsberg, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof, Wael Mohamed, Padraig Carolan, David M Pober, Joanna Mitri, Osama Hamdy
BACKGROUND: Nutrition Therapy (NT) is essential in type 2 diabetes (T2D) management. Standards of care recommend that each patient engages with a nutritionist (RDN) to develop an individualized eating plan. However, it is unclear if it is the most efficient method of NT. This study evaluates the effects of three different methods of NT on HbA1c and cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D. METHODS: We randomized 108 overweight and obese patients with T2D (46 M/62F; age 60 ± 10 years; HbA1c 8...
April 7, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#12
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605673/high-fat-diet-exacerbates-early-psoriatic-skin-inflammation-independent-of-obesity-saturated-fatty-acids-as-key-players
#13
Diana Herbert, Sandra Franz, Yulia Popkova, Ulf Anderegg, Jürgen Schiller, Katharina Schwede, Axel Lorz, Jan C Simon, Anja Saalbach
In obesity, hypertrophic adipocytes secret high amounts of adipocytokines resulting in low-grade inflammation- amplified by infiltrating pro-inflammatory macrophages, oxidative stress, hypoxia and lipolysis. It is known, that these chronic pro-inflammatory conditions support the development of type II diabetes and cardio vascular diseases, while mechanisms of obesity-related exacerbation of inflammatory skin disorders like psoriasis are unclear. In this study, we uncover nutritional saturated fatty acids (SFAs) as major risk factors for the amplification of skin inflammation, independent of obesity-related parameters, like fat mass extension, adipocytokines and glucose homeostasis...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594191/nutrition-education-in-internal-medicine-residency-programs-and-predictors-of-residents-dietary-counseling-practices
#14
Stutee Khandelwal, Sarah E Zemore, Anke Hemmerling
Background: Although physicians are expected to provide dietary counseling for patients with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and obesity, nutrition education in graduate medical education remains limited. Few studies have recently examined nutrition education and dietary counseling practices in Internal Medicine (IM) residency training. Objectives: To conduct a contemporary assessment of outpatient nutrition education in IM residency programs in the United States, identify predictors of residents' dietary counseling practices for CV risk factors, and identify barriers for educators in providing nutrition education and barriers for residents in counseling patients...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592809/exploring-the-potential-of-black-tea-based-flavonoids-against-hyperlipidemia-related-disorders
#15
Ali Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Sajid Arshad, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Sohaib, Rizwan Munir
BACKGROUND: In recent decade, Hyperlipidemia related disorders like obesity, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes are considered as the leading killers for mankind. Fundamental nexus between nutrition and health diverting the consumers focus towards plant based natural products as a remedy against various metabolic syndrome. Considering this, present study was conducted to explicate the role of black tea polyphenols such as Theaflavins and thearubigins therapeutic potential to tackle targeted maladies especially oxidative stress related disorders like hypercholesterolemia and diabetes...
March 27, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583069/associations-among-sleep-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-among-us-childbearing-age-women-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#16
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Women of childbearing age (18-44 years) present an important group for understanding sleep, but few studies have focused on this population. No study has investigated the associations among sleep, overweight/obesity, and risk of type 2 diabetes among childbearing-age women in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: Data were from NHANES, 2005-2008. The study population consisted of 18-44 year old women. Pregnant women and those diagnosed with sleep disorders were excluded...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574508/scopoletin-intervention-in-pancreatic-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-by-lipotoxicity
#17
Kalaivanan Kalpana, Emayavaramban Priyadarshini, S Sreeja, Kalivarathan Jagan, Carani Venkatraman Anuradha
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER), a dynamic organelle, plays an essential role in organizing the signaling pathways involved in cellular adaptation, resilience, and survival. Impairment in the functions of ER occurs in a variety of nutritive disorders including obesity and type 2 diabetes. Here, we hypothesize that (scopoletin) SPL, a coumarin, has the potential to alleviate ER stress induced in vitro and in vivo models by lipotoxicity. To test this hypothesis, the ability of SPL to restore the levels of proteins of ER stress was analyzed...
March 25, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573216/glucose-impairments-and-insulin-resistance-in-prostate-cancer-the-role-of-obesity-nutrition-and-exercise
#18
REVIEW
K M Di Sebastiano, J H Pinthus, W C M Duivenvoorden, M Mourtzakis
BACKGROUND: Hyperinsulinemia, obesity and related metabolic diseases are associated with prostate cancer development. Prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are at increased risk for metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, while pre-existing metabolic conditions may be exacerbated. PURPOSE: An integrative approach is used to describe the interactions between insulin, glucose metabolism, obesity and prostate cancer...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569117/twenty-year-trends-in-cardiovascular-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-united-states
#19
Jung Ki Kim, Jennifer A Ailshire, Eileen M Crimmins
BACKGROUND: Relative to men, women have experienced slower improvement in mortality in the US in recent decades. AIMS: We investigated 20-year trends in cardiovascular risk for men and women age 40 and over in the US to determine whether there was differential change in risk for men and women. METHODS: Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we estimated total cardiovascular risk, the prevalence of individual risk factors, and potential factors contributing to change in risk...
March 22, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568109/mitochondrial-inefficiency-in-infants-born-to-overweight-african-american-mothers
#20
Manjusha Abraham, Christina A Collins, Scott Flewelling, Maraya Camazine, Alison Cahill, W Todd Cade, Jennifer G Duncan
BACKGROUND: Currently 20-35% of pregnant women are obese, posing a major health risk for mother and fetus. It is postulated that an abnormal maternal-fetal nutritional environment leads to adverse metabolic programming, resulting in altered substrate metabolism in the offspring and predisposing to risks of obesity and diabetes later in life. Data indicate that oocytes from overweight animals have abnormal mitochondria. We hypothesized that maternal obesity is associated with altered mitochondrial function in healthy neonatal offspring...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
keyword
keyword
64175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"