keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity, nutrition, diabetes,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#1
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221515/socioeconomic-disparities-in-the-prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-ghanaian-women
#2
Jeffrey Boakye, Danielle Mensah, Swati Sakhuja, Pauline E Jolly, Tomi Akinyemiju
BACKGROUND: Recent trends toward urbanization in developing countries like Ghana, coupled with nutritional transition and aging populations, have led to a rapid increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status and cardiometabolic risk factors among women in Ghana. METHODS: Data for this analysis were obtained from Wave 1 of the Ghana Study of Global Aging and Health, conducted in 2007, and included women 18 years and older...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218646/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-complications-diagnosis-and-management-in-obese-children
#3
REVIEW
Naval K Vikram
The world at present is facing a burden of rising prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents. The developing countries are particularly facing the dual burden on under-nutrition and obesity. This is associated with appearance and clustering of cardiometabolic abnormalities at an early age with development of chronic complications early and possible decrease in life span of these children and adolescents. In adults this clustering has been termed as 'metabolic syndrome' with definitions that can be used universally...
December 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#4
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215977/early-outcomes-of-state-public-health-actions-school-nutrition-strategies
#5
Seraphine Pitt Barnes, Syreeta Skelton-Wilson, Adina Cooper, Caitlin Merlo, Sarah Lee
INTRODUCTION: Since 2013, the State Public Health Actions to Prevent and Control Diabetes, Heart Disease, Obesity and Associated Risk Factors and Promote School Health (State Public Health Actions) program has been implemented to support and reinforce healthy choices and healthy behaviors among the US population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Population Health's School Health Branch has been a critical component, ensuring that state health departments support schools in adopting nutrition standards and creating a supportive nutrition environment...
December 7, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211705/a-workshop-on-dietary-sweetness-is-it-an-issue
#6
A Wittekind, K Higgins, L McGale, C Schwartz, N S Stamataki, G K Beauchamp, A Bonnema, P Dussort, S Gibson, C de Graaf, J C G Halford, C F M Marsaux, R D Mattes, J McLaughlin, D J Mela, S Nicklaus, P J Rogers, I A Macdonald
This report summarises a workshop convened by ILSI Europe on 3rd and 4th April 2017 to discuss the issue of dietary sweetness. The objectives were to understand the roles of sweetness in the diet; establish whether exposure to sweetness affects diet quality and energy intake; and consider whether sweetness per se affects health. Although there may be evidence for tracking of intake of some sweet components of the diet through childhood, evidence for tracking of whole diet sweetness, or through other stages of maturity are lacking...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211507/association-of-shiftwork-and-leukocytes-among-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-respondents
#7
Megan R Buss, Michael D Wirth, James B Burch
Shift workers may experience disrupted sleep-wake or circadian cycles which, in turn, may lead to major health problems such as hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Research indicates that shift workers have increased levels of leukocytes. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2010) examined the relationship between self-reported current shiftwork and leukocytes with adjustment for important confounders. Using linear regression, we found no association between shiftwork and leukocyte counts...
December 6, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210133/health-disparities-across-education-the-role-of-differential-reporting-error
#8
Anna Choi, John Cawley
One of the most robust findings in health economics is that higher educated individuals tend to be in better health. This paper tests whether health disparities across education are to some extent due to differences in reporting error across education. We test this hypothesis using data from the pooled National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1999-2012, which include both self-reports and objective verification for an extensive set of health behaviors and conditions, including smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209478/association-between-sarcopenia-and-dipstick-proteinuria-in-the-elderly-population-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-2009-2011
#9
Duna Hwang, Mi-Ryung Cho, Minyong Choi, Sang Hyun Lee, Youngmin Park
Background: Sarcopenia and proteinuria are significant health difficulties in the elderly; however, few studies have investigated their relationship. In this study, we investigated the association between sarcopenia and proteinuria in Korean subjects over 60 years old. Methods: We included data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey conducted from 2009 to 2011 (n=4,008). Sarcopenia was defined using appendicular skeletal muscle mass as a percentage of body weight...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206649/the-importance-of-the-microbiome-in-pediatrics-and-pediatric-infectious-diseases
#10
Thaidra Gaufin, Nicole H Tobin, Grace M Aldrovandi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emerging research on the pediatric microbiome implicates the importance of the microbiome on the development of the immune system, nervous system, and growth. Changes to the microbiome during infancy are associated with the development of chronic illnesses such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. Additionally, the microbiome provides protection against certain pathogens, affects vaccine responses, and alters drug metabolism. This review highlights what is known about the microbiome, the establishment of a healthy microbiome and the significance that changes to the microbiome composition have on growth and health of children and adolescents...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205089/altered-bioenergetics-profile-in-umbilical-cord-and-amniotic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-newborns-of-obese-women
#11
Laura Iaffaldano, Carmela Nardelli, Francesca D'Alessio, Valeria D'Argenio, Marcella Nunziato, Lucia Mauriello, Claudio Procaccini, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Pasquale Martinelli, Giuseppe Matarese, Lucio Pastore, Luigi Del Vecchio, Giuseppe Labruna, Lucia Sacchetti
Nutritional imbalance and metabolic alterations associated with maternal obesity during pregnancy predispose offspring to obesity and/or to type 2 diabetes, but the mechanisms underlying these effects are still obscure. In this context, we evaluated whether the two main energy-producing pathways (glycolysis and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation) are impaired in obesity during pregnancy thus contributing to metabolic intrauterine alterations. Specifically, we studied metabolic abnormalities in the intrauterine life of newborns using stem cells isolated from amnion and umbilical cord (hA- and hUC-MSCs)...
December 5, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#12
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197188/genipin-alleviates-high-fat-diet-induced-hyperlipidemia-and-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-in-mice-via-mir-142a-5p-srebp-1c-axis
#13
Hong Zhong, Ke Chen, Mengyang Feng, Wei Shao, Jun Wu, Kun Chen, Tingming Liang, Chang Liu
Hyperlipidemia is a chronic disorder which plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Genipin is a metabolite from genipioside, which is an active component of the traditional Chinese medicine Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, and has been recognized as a beneficial compound against metabolic disorders. However, whether it can correct over-nutrition-induced dyslipidemia is still unknown. In this study, the effects of genipin on attenuating hyperlipidemia and hepatic lipid accumulation were investigated using normal and obese mice induced by a high-fat diet and primary hepatocytes treated by free fatty acids...
December 2, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191140/management-of-common-medical-conditions-by-office-based-psychiatrists
#14
Ramin Mojtabai, Mark Olfson
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the extent of psychiatrists' involvement in general medical management activities for their patients. METHODS: With data from the 2006-2013 U.S. National Ambulatory Medical Survey-an annual cross-sectional survey of visits in a random week to office-based physicians-general medical management activities in 11,046 visits to psychiatrists, 66,267 to general medical physicians (general and family physicians and internists), and 158,933 to other physicians were compared...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188142/characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-united-states-an-nhanes-analysis
#15
Bei Xu, Jin Lin
Background: We examined the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database to determine factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults 20 to 55 years of age. Methods: NHANES data collected between 2007 and 2014, excluding the 2011-2012 period, were used. Subjects were divided into those with and without RA. Demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors were compared between the groups. Results: After applying inclusion/exclusion criteria, 8,789 persons were included in the study (8,483 without RA, 306 with RA)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174318/factors-influencing-on-influenza-vaccination-and-its-trends-of-coverage-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-korea-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hyun-Young Shin, Jae Ho Chung, Hee-Jin Hwang, Tae Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Influenza infection is a contagious disease and annual influenza vaccination is recommended to the patients with chronic diseases. Although diabetes is an indication for influenza vaccination, the global rate of influenza vaccination is insufficient. Therefore, our study aimed to elucidate influenza vaccination statuses among patients with diabetes and the related factors in Korea. METHODS: A total of 32,268 subjects (4,540 with and 27,728 without diabetes) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III-VI (2005-2015) were included...
November 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170059/the-clinical-potential-of-adipogenesis-and-obesity-related-micrornas
#17
REVIEW
M Zaiou, H El Amri, A Bakillah
Obesity is a growing health problem commonly associated with numerous metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer. The burden of obesity and associated cardiometabolic diseases are believed to arise through complex interplay between genetics and epigenetics predisposition, nutrition, environment, and lifestyle. However, the molecular basis and the repertoire of obesity-affecting factors are still unknown. Emerging evidence is connecting microRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulation with adipogenesis and obesity...
November 20, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166886/trends-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-u-s-men-and-women-with-and-without-diabetes-1988-2014
#18
Xingxing Sun, Tingting Du
BACKGROUND: Studies evidenced that reduction in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in diabetic patients can be attributed to improvements in major CVD risk factors and evidence-based treatments. Furthermore, studies showed that the relative risk of CVD mortality associated with diabetes compared with non-diabetes is stronger in women than in men. Hence, we aimed to examine trends in CVD risk factors and intervention measures by sex and diabetic status. METHODS: Analysis of 5 distinct cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1988-1994, 1999-2002, 2003-2006, 2007-2010, and 2010-2014...
November 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164391/association-between-low-diastolic-blood-pressure-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury
#19
George S Waits, Wesley T O'Neal, Pratik B Sandesara, Yabing Li, Amit J Shah, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Coronary arteries perfuse cardiac myocytes during diastole. We hypothesized that marked lowering of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is associated with increased risk of subclinical myocardial injury (SC-MI). METHODS: This analysis included 6107 participants without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. SC-MI was determined by a validated electrocardiogram-based scoring system. Logistic regression was used to examine the cross-sectional association between DBP (< 70, 70-80 mmHg (reference group), and > 80 mmHg; and per each 10 mmHg decrease, separately) with SC-MI across levels of systolic blood pressure (SBP) (< 120, 120-139, or > 140 mmHg)...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164177/a-systems-medicine-approach-translating-emerging-science-into-individualized-wellness
#20
REVIEW
J S Bland, D M Minich, B M Eck
In today's aging society, more people are living with lifestyle-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Numerous opinion-leader organizations recommend lifestyle medicine as the first-line approach in NCD prevention and treatment. However, there is a strong need for a personalized approach as "one-size-fits-all" public health recommendations have been insufficient in addressing the interindividual differences in the diverse populations. Advancement in systems biology and the "omics" technologies has allowed comprehensive analysis of how complex biological systems are impacted upon external perturbations (e...
2017: Advances in Medicine
keyword
keyword
64175
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"