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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650899/evaluation-of-a-digital-behavioral-counseling-program-for-reducing-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease-in-a-workforce
#1
Mark G Wilson, Cynthia M Castro Sweet, Michael D Edge, Erica N Madero, Megan McGuire, Megan Pilsmaker, Dan Carpenter, Scott Kirschner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a digitally delivered, intensive behavioral counseling program for a workforce at risk for obesity-related chronic disease. METHODS: Employees were offered a digital health program modeled after the diabetes prevention program (DPP). Annual workforce health assessments were used to examine changes in chronic disease risk factors between participants (n = 634) relative to a matched comparison group (n = 1268). RESULTS: Overall, employees were gaining an average of 3...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646829/chia-seeds-salvia-hispanica-health-promoting-properties-and-therapeutic-applications-%C3%A2-a-review
#2
Katarzyna Marcinek, Zbigniew Krejpcio
Chia has been known for over 5,500 years. Chia seeds were one of the most important components of the diet of Mayas and Aztecs. The chemical composition and technological properties of chia give the plant a high nutritional potential. Chia is a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids: omega-3 and omega-6, soluble dietary fiber. It also contains appreciable amount of proteins and phytochemicals. Nutritional value of chia is the reason why it is used in prophylaxis of several non-infectious diseases such as obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer and diabetes...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635191/impact-of-a-nutrition-educational-program-in-a-group-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-already-involved-in-a-wider-group-care-plan-and-not-achieving-complete-target-an-observational-study
#3
Anna Comba, Alessandra Ardizzone, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most frequent chronic degenerative diseases in the world (5.4% in Italy); it has many chronic consequences with a significant impact either on expectation or quality of life. About 80-90% of type 2 diabetes patients is either overweight or obese, condition that can cause many more negative consequences than in individuals in the same conditions but with normal weight. The aim of the research is to assess if diabetic people who cannot reach the goals of glycemic control, good eating habits and weight loss can eventually obtain, with an individualized care plan, long lasting improvements...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#4
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#5
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628359/the-genetic-basis-for-sex-differences-in-obesity-and-lipid-metabolism
#6
Jenny C Link, Karen Reue
Men and women exhibit significant differences in obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. To provide better diagnosis and treatment for both sexes, it is important to identify factors that underlie the observed sex differences. Traditionally, sex differences have been attributed to the differential effects of male and female gonadal secretions (commonly referred to as sex hormones), which substantially influence many aspects of metabolism and related diseases. Less appreciated as a contributor to sex differences are the fundamental genetic differences between males and females, which are ultimately determined by the presence of an XX or XY sex chromosome complement...
June 19, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625150/update-on-the-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-the-effect-of-cholecystokinin-and-cholecystokinin-1-receptor-on-the-formation-of-cholesterol-gallstones
#7
Helen H Wang, Piero Portincasa, David Q-H Wang
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is an important neuro-intestinal peptide hormone produced by the enteroendocrine I-cells in the upper part of small intestine. Protein- and fat-enriched food plays an important role in triggering CCK secretion from the intestine. Carbohydrates stimulate only small amounts of CCK release. The CCK-1 receptor (CCK-1R) is largely localized in the gallbladder, sphincter of Oddi, pancreas, small intestine, gastric mucosa, and pyloric sphincter, where it is responsible for CCK to regulate multiple digestive processes including gallbladder contraction, pancreatic secretion, small intestinal transit, and gastric emptying...
June 19, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612853/mangos-and-their-bioactive-components-adding-variety-to-the-fruit-plate-for-health
#8
REVIEW
Britt M Burton-Freeman, Amandeep K Sandhu, Indika Edirisinghe
The diet is an essential factor affecting the risk for development and progression of modern day chronic diseases, particularly those with pathophysiological roots in inflammation and oxidative stress-induced damage. The potential impact of certain foods and their bioactive compounds to reverse or prevent destructive dysregulated processes leading to disease has attracted intense research attention. The mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) is a tropical fruit with distinctive nutritional and phytochemical composition...
June 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612831/abdominal-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-asian-indians-dietary-strategies-including-edible-oils-cooking-practices-and-sugar-intake
#9
REVIEW
S Gulati, A Misra
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing in rural and urban regions of South Asia including India. Pattern of fat deposition in abdomen, ectopic fat deposition (liver, pancreas) and also low lean mass are contributory to early-onset insulin resistance, dysmetabolic state and diabetes in Asian Indians. These metabolic perturbations are further exacerbated by changing lifestyle, diet urbanization, and mechanization. Important dietary imbalances include increasing use of oils containing high amount of trans fatty acids and saturated fats (partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, palmolein oil) use of deep frying method and reheating of oils for cooking, high intake of saturated fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates, low intake of protein, fiber and increasing intake of processed foods...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607131/trends-in-prehypertension-and-hypertension-risk-factors-in-us-adults-1999-2012
#10
John N Booth, Jiexiang Li, Lu Zhang, Liwei Chen, Paul Muntner, Brent Egan
Prehypertension is associated with increased risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Data are limited on the temporal changes in the prevalence of prehypertension and risk factors for hypertension and cardiovascular disease among US adults with prehypertension. We analyzed data from 30 958 US adults ≥20 years of age who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 1999 and 2012. Using the mean of 3 blood pressure (BP) measurements from a study examination, prehypertension was defined as systolic BP of 120 to 139 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80 to 89 mm Hg and systolic BP <140 mm Hg among participants not taking antihypertensive medication...
June 12, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606217/nutritional-support-for-low-birth-weight-infants-insights-from-animal-studies
#11
Na Li, Wei Wang, Guoyao Wu, Junjun Wang
Infants born with low birth weights (<2500 g, LBW), accounting for about 15 % of newborns, have a high risk for postnatal growth failure and developing the metabolic syndromes such as type 2 diabetes, CVD and obesity later in life. Improper nutrition provision during critical stages, such as undernutrition during the fetal period or overnutrition during the neonatal period, has been an important mediator of these metabolic diseases. Considering the specific physiological status of LBW infants, nutritional intervention and optimisation during early life merit further attention...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603983/food-components-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention
#12
Wolfgang Langhans
The current obesity epidemic with its deleterious effects on public health, and the increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in our aging society have dramatically increased public awareness of nutrition-related health issues. Food components such as fat, sugar, flavors and spices are major determinants of the hedonic value of food, and the constant and almost ubiquitous availability of good-tasting food in our affluent societies promotes overeating and weight gain. On the other hand, several food components, including flavoring compounds and the active ingredients of many plants including spices and herbs (e...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597812/microbial-impact-on-host-metabolism-opportunities-for-novel-treatments-of-nutritional-disorders
#13
Hubert Plovier, Patrice D Cani
Malnutrition is the cause of major public health concerns worldwide. On the one hand, obesity and associated pathologies (also known as the metabolic syndrome) affect more than 10% of the world population. Such pathologies might arise from an elevated inflammatory tone. We have discovered that the inflammatory properties of high-fat diets were linked to the translocation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We proposed a mechanism associating the gut microbiota with the onset of insulin resistance and low-grade inflammation, a phenomenon that we called "metabolic endotoxemia...
June 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#14
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591225/trends-in-food-insecurity-for-adults-with-cardiometabolic-disease-in-the-united-states-2005-2012
#15
Seth A Berkowitz, Theodore S Z Berkowitz, James B Meigs, Deborah J Wexler
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, the uncertain ability to access adequate food, can limit adherence to dietary measures needed to prevent and manage cardiometabolic conditions. However, little is known about temporal trends in food insecurity among those with diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions. METHODS: We used data from the Continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012, analyzed in 2015-2016, to calculate trends in age-standardized rates of food insecurity for those with and without the following diet-sensitive cardiometabolic conditions: diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583217/denis-burkitt-and-the-origins-of-the-dietary-fibre-hypothesis
#16
John H Cummings, Amanda Engineer
For more than 200 years the fibre in plant foods has been known by animal nutritionists to have significant effects on digestion. Its role in human nutrition began to be investigated towards the end of the 19th century. However, between 1966 and 1972, Denis Burkitt, a surgeon who had recently returned from Africa, brought together ideas from a range of disciplines together with observations from his own experience to propose a radical view of the role of fibre in human health. Burkitt came late to the fibre story but built on the work of three physicians (Peter Cleave, G...
June 6, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583215/waist-circumference-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-follow-up-study-of-48-months
#17
Ana Catarina M Castro, Ana Paula Bazanelli, Fabiana B Nerbass, Lilian Cuppari, Maria A Kamimura
Body-fat gain is a common finding among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and the accumulation of adipose tissue occurs predominantly in the abdominal area. Waist circumference (WC) is a reliable marker of abdominal obesity and its association with worse outcomes has been demonstrated in non-dialysis and haemodialysis patients. We aimed at investigating whether WC measurements as well as the changes over time in WC were able to predict mortality in PD patients. This prospective study included 109 patients undergoing PD (57 % male, age 52 (sd 16) years, 32 % diabetics, 48 % BMI≥25 kg/m2)...
June 6, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579183/confluence-of-epidemics-of-hepatitis-c-diabetes-obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states-population
#18
Mariana Lazo, Chizoba Nwankwo, Natalie R Daya, David L Thomas, Shruti H Mehta, Stephen Juraschek, Kerry Willis, Elizabeth Selvin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity, kidney disease, and diabetes are common conditions that can affect outcomes of patients with chronic hepatitis C. We aimed to quantify the burden of these comorbid conditions among adults with chronic hepatitis C in the United States and to estimate the risk of death among people with chronic hepatitis C and comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional and prospective analyses of 13,726 participants in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) and 23,691 participants of NHANES 1999-2012...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577973/membrane-lipid-therapy-a-historical-perspective-of-membrane-targeted-therapies-from-lipid-bilayer-structure-to-the-pathophysiological-regulation-of-cells
#19
EDITORIAL
Pablo V Escribá
Our current understanding of membrane lipid composition, structure and functions has led to the investigation of their role in cell signaling, both in healthy and pathological cells. As a consequence, therapies based on the regulation of membrane lipid composition and structure have been recently developed. This novel field, known as Membrane Lipid Therapy, is growing and evolving rapidly, providing treatments that are now in use or that are being studied for their application to oncological disorders, Alzheimer's disease, spinal cord injury, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and neuropathic pain...
June 1, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577653/nutritional-status-and-hyperglycemia-in-the-peritransplant-period-a-review-of-associations-with-parenteral-nutrition-and-clinical-outcomes
#20
Marina Verdi Schumacher, Gustavo Adolpho Moreira Faulhaber
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an established treatment option for various hematological diseases. This therapy involves complex procedures and is associated with several systemic complications. Due to the toxic effects of the conditioning regimen used in allogeneic transplantations, patients frequently suffer from severe gastrointestinal complications and are unable to feed themselves properly. This complex clinical scenario often requires specialized nutritional support, and despite the increasing number of studies available, many questions remain regarding the best way to feed these patients...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
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