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Hypothyroid treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777516/irisin-levels-increase-after-treatment-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#1
Z A Uc, S Gorar, S Mizrak, S Gullu
PURPOSE: Irisin is a newly identified myokine secreted by skeletal muscle and has significant effects on body metabolism. Thyroidal functional state has a profound influence on the metabolism of human body. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the possible changes in serum irisin concentrations before and after treatment in hypothyroid subjects. METHODS: The study included 26 patients with overt hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto thyroiditis and 19 healthy subjects...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774652/nonscarring-diffuse-hair-loss-in-women-a-clinico-etiological-study-from-tertiary-care-center-in-north-west-india
#2
Kavita Poonia, Gurvinder Pal Thami, Mala Bhalla, Shivani Jaiswal, Jasleen Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Diffuse hair loss (DHL) is a common problem in adult women and has a major impact on quality of life. Ascertaining the etiological diagnosis is a challenging task in such patients. Satisfactory treatment can only be instituted after ascertaining the cause of hair loss. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of nonscarring DHL in females and to ascertain its underlying etiological factors. STUDY DESIGN: Of a total of 110 females, who presented with nonscarring DHL to the outpatient dermatology department, 100 qualified for inclusion in the study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774380/-thyroid-and-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
K A Iwen, H Lehnert
During pregnancy thyroid hormones have profound effects on embryonal/fetal development and maternal health. Therefore, thyroid gland disorders should be immediately diagnosed and adequately treated. Pregnancy-specific physiological alterations during pregnancy cause changes in the reference interval for thyroid-stimulating hormone levels and trimester-specific thresholds must be taken into account. This article summarizes the most important diagnostic and therapeutic aspects before, during and after pregnancy...
May 17, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773171/determination-of-toxic-and-essential-trace-elements-in-serum-of-healthy-and-hypothyroid-respondents-by-icp-ms-a-chemometric-approach-for-discrimination-of-hypothyroidism
#4
Aleksandar Stojsavljević, Jelena Trifković, Zorica Rasić-Milutinović, Dragana Jovanović, Gradimir Bogdanović, Jelena Mutić, Dragan Manojlović
Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry ((ICP-MS)) was used to determine three toxic (Ni, As, Cd) and six essential trace elements (Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Se) in blood serum of patients with hypothyroidism (Hy group) and healthy people (control group), in order to set the experimental conditions for accurate determination of a unique profile of these elements in hypothyroidism. Method validation was performed with standard reference material of the serum by varying the sample treatment with both standard and collision mode for analysis of elements isotopes...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770340/diabetes-related-distress-assessment-among-type-2-diabetes-patients
#5
Majed O Aljuaid, Abdulmajeed M Almutairi, Mohammed A Assiri, Dhifallah M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases; it is a debilitating and hard to live with. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) refers to the emotional and behavioral changes caused by diabetes. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of DRD among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 items (DDS-17) and its relation to complications and treatment modalities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adult T2D patients with follow-up visits at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between January and July 2017...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769703/preoperative-thyroid-function-and-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery
#6
João Sérgio Neves, Pedro Souteiro, Sofia Castro Oliveira, Jorge Pedro, Daniela Magalhães, Vanessa Guerreiro, Maria Manuel Costa, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Ana Cristina Santos, Joana Queirós, Ana Varela, Paula Freitas, Davide Carvalho
Thyroid function has an important role on body weight regulation. However, the impact of thyroid function on weight loss after bariatric surgery is still largely unknown. We evaluated the association between preoperative thyroid function and the excess weight loss 1 year after surgery, in 641 patients with morbid obesity who underwent bariatric surgery. Patients with a history of thyroid disease, treatment with thyroid hormone or antithyroid drugs and those with preoperative evaluation consistent with overt hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism were excluded...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763379/hypothyroidism-after-radiation-therapy-for-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#7
Peter D Inskip, Lene H S Veiga, Alina V Brenner, Alice J Sigurdson, Evgenia Ostroumova, Eric J Chow, Marilyn Stovall, Susan A Smith, Rita E Weathers, Wendy Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Charles A Sklar, Jay H Lubin
While thyroid cancer risks from exposure to ionizing radiation early in life are well characterized quantitatively, the association of radiation with nonmalignant, functional thyroid disorders has been less studied. Here, we report on a risk analysis study of hypothyroidism with radiation dose to the thyroid gland and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis among survivors of childhood cancer. Utilizing data from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, a cohort of 14,364 five-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed at 26 hospitals in the U...
May 15, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762250/abnormal-expression-of-ephrin-a5-affects-brain-development-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-rats
#8
Guihai Suo, Feifei Shen, Baolan Sun, Honghua Song, Meiyu Xu, Youjia Wu
EphA5 and its ligand ephrin-A5 interaction can trigger synaptogenesis during early hippocampus development. We have previously reported that abnormal EphA5 expression can result in synaptogenesis disorder in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) rats. To better understand its precise molecular mechanism, we further analyzed the characteristics of ephrin-A5 expression in the hippocampus of CH rats. Our study revealed that ephrin-A5 expression was downregulated by thyroid hormone deficiency in the developing hippocampus and hippocampal neurons in rats...
May 14, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761266/evaluation-of-thyroid-gland-as-an-organ-at-risk-after-breast-cancer-radiotherapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
L Darvish, M Ghorbani, S Hosseini Teshnizi, N Roozbeh, F Seif, M Reza Bayatiani, C Knaup, A Amraee
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy can often lead to thyroid dysfunction. Some studies demonstrated that treatment of breast cancer by RT can expose thyroid gland to high doses of radiation. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate consideration of thyroid gland as an organ at risk. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis to select initial studies, a comprehensive search by two independent reviewers was performed. Electronical databases following: Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, PubMed, Elsevier, Embase, ProQuest and Persian databases such as Iranmedex, Magiran, and SID were searched...
May 14, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759035/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-slc5a5-gene-in-a-sudanese-family-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#10
Yui Watanabe, Reham Shareef Ebrhim, Mohamed A Abdullah, Roy E Weiss
Thyroid hormone synthesis requires the presence of iodide. The sodium iodide symporter (NIS) is a glycoprotein which mediates the active uptake of iodide from the blood stream into the thyroid grand. NIS defects due to SLC5A5 gene mutations are known to cause congenital hypothyroidism (CH). The proposita is a 28-year-old female whose origin is the North Sudan where neonatal screening for CH is not available. She presented with severe constipation and a goiter at the age of 40 days. Laboratory testing confirmed CH and she was started on levothyroxine (L-T4)...
May 15, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757661/a-pivotal-field-study-to-support-the-registration-of-levothyroxine-sodium-tablets-for-canine-hypothyroidism
#11
Victoria A Lewis, Carla M K Morrow, Johnny A Jacobsen, W Eugene Lloyd
A prospective, pivotal, multicenter field study to evaluate the dose regimen, effectiveness, and safety of levothyroxine sodium tablets, USP for the treatment of hypothyroidism and hypothyroidism-associated clinical signs in dogs was conducted. Ninety-two dogs diagnosed with primary hypothyroidism met the entrance criteria and were enrolled into the study. Levothyroxine sodium was administered to each dog on a daily basis either as the whole dose q 24 hr or as half the dose q 12 hr. Dosing started at 0.1 mg/10 lb (0...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755326/transient-hypothyroidism-during-lactation-arrests-myelination-in-the-anterior-commissure-of-rats-a-magnetic-resonance-image-and-electron-microscope-study
#12
Federico S Lucia, Jesús Pacheco-Torres, Susana González-Granero, Santiago Canals, María-Jesús Obregón, José M García-Verdugo, Pere Berbel
Thyroid hormone deficiency at early postnatal ages affects the cytoarchitecture and function of neocortical and telencephalic limbic areas, leading to impaired associative memory and in a wide spectrum of neurological and mental diseases. Neocortical areas project interhemispheric axons mostly through the corpus callosum and to a lesser extent through the anterior commissure (AC), while limbic areas mostly project through the AC and hippocampal commissures. Functional magnetic resonance data from children with late diagnosed congenital hypothyroidism and abnormal verbal memory processing, suggest altered ipsilateral and contralateral telencephalic connections...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751509/evidence-for-an-association-between-macular-degeneration-and-thyroid-cancer-in-the-aged-population
#13
Shih-Yi Lin, Wu-Huei Hsu, Cheng-Li Lin, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Jane-Ming Lin, Yun-Lun Chang, Chung-Y Hsu, Chia-Hung Kao
Direct evidence of whether thyroid cancer patients have a higher risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has yet to be investigated. Patients older than 50 years-old and newly diagnosed with thyroid cancer between 2000 and 2008 were identified from the national health insurance research database (NHIRD). We applied time-varying Cox proportional hazard models to assess the association between thyroid cancer and AMD. The multivariable models included conventional cardiovascular risk factors, myopia, vitreous floaters, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and treatment modality of thyroid cancer...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750648/current-status-of-the-congenital-hypothyroidism-neonatal-screening-program-in-adana-province-turkey
#14
Yılmaz Kor, Deniz Kor
BACKGROUND: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common cause of mental retardation; it has a worldwide incidence ranging from 1:3000 to 1:4500 live births. Predictably, an increase in the reported incidence of primary CH occurs when the cut-off levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone are lowered. We aimed to evaluate the results of a congenital hypothyroidism screening program and current status in this study. METHODS: Analysis results of 1300 infants who were referred to the endocrinology polyclinic because of suspected CH within the scope of the Ministry of Health National Neonatal Screening Program were retrospectively evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750647/the-etiologies-and-incidences-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-before-and-after-neonatal-tsh-screening-program-implementation-a-study-in-southern-thailand
#15
Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Jutarat Piriyaphan, Tansit Saengkaew, Waricha Janjindamai, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the common causes of intellectual disability which can be prevented by early detection of an elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level in the newborn and by treatment with thyroxine. In Thailand, neonatal TSH screening was implemented nationwide in 2005. The objective of the study was to determine the etiologies and the estimated incidences of CH in southern Thailand before and after the implementation of a neonatal TSH screening program in 2005...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750261/validation-of-previously-reported-predictors-for-radiation-induced-hypothyroidism-in-nasopharyngeal-cancer-patients-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-a-post-hoc-analysis-from-a-phase-iii-randomized-trial
#16
Chawalit Lertbutsayanukul, Sarin Kitpanit, Anussara Prayongrat, Danita Kannarunimit, Buntipa Netsawang, Chakkapong Chakkabat
This study aimed to validate previously reported dosimetric parameters, including thyroid volume, mean dose, and percentage thyroid volume, receiving at least 40, 45 and 50 Gy (V40, V45 and V50), absolute thyroid volume spared (VS) from 45, 50 and 60 Gy (VS45, VS50 and VS60), and clinical factors affecting the development of radiation-induced hypothyroidism (RHT). A post hoc analysis was performed in 178 euthyroid nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) patients from a Phase III study comparing sequential versus simultaneous-integrated boost intensity-modulated radiation therapy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744522/-impact-of-thyroid-diseases-on-bone
#17
REVIEW
E Tsourdi, F Lademann, H Siggelkow
Thyroid hormones are key regulators of skeletal development in childhood and bone homeostasis in adulthood, and thyroid diseases have been associated with increased osteoporotic fractures. Hypothyroidism in children leads to an impaired skeletal maturation and mineralization, but an adequate and timely substitution with thyroid hormones stimulates bone growth. Conversely, hyperthyroidism at a young age accelerates skeletal development, but may also cause short stature because of a premature fusion of the growth plates...
May 9, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743117/a-robust-response-to-combination-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-in-hpv-related-small-cell-cancer-a-case-report
#18
Won Jin Ho, Lisa Rooper, Sarah Sagorsky, Hyunseok Kang
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus-related small cell carcinoma of the head and neck is an extremely rare, aggressive subtype with poor outcomes. Therapeutic options are limited and are largely adopted from small cell lung cancer treatment paradigms. CASE PRESENTATION: This report describes a 69-year old male who was diagnosed of HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer with mixed small cell and squamous cell pathology which was clinically aggressive and progressed through multimodal platinum-based therapies...
May 9, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742817/effects-of-thyroid-dysfunction-on-reproductive-hormones-in-female-rats
#19
Juan Liu, Meng Guo, Xusong Hu, Xuechun Weng, Ye Tian, Kaili Xu, Dai Heng, Wenbo Liu, Yu Ding, Yanzhou Yang, Cheng Zhang
Thyroid hormones (THs) play a critical role in the development of ovarian cells. Although the effects of THs on female reproduction are of great interest, the mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the effects of TH dysregulation on reproductive hormones in rats. Propylthiouracil (PTU) and L-thyroxine were administered to rats to induce hypo- and hyper-thyroidism, respectively, and the reproductive hormone profiles were analyzed by radioimmunoassay. Ovarian histology was evaluated with H&E staining, and gene protein level or mRNA content was analyzed by western blotting or RT-PCR...
May 10, 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739808/programmed-cell-death-1-and-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-antibodies-induced-dysthyroidism
#20
REVIEW
Jaafar Jaafar, Eugenio Fernandez, Heba Alwan, Jacques Philippe
BACKGROUND: Monoclonal antibodies blocking the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) are a group of immune checkpoints inhibitors (ICIs) with proven antitumor efficacy. However, their use is complicated by immune-related adverse events (irAEs), including endocrine adverse events (eAEs). PURPOSE: We review the incidence, time to onset and resolution rate of dysthyroidism induced by PD-1/PD-L1 Ab, and the clinical, biological and radiological findings...
May 2018: Endocrine Connections
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