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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144803/endocrine-manifestations-of-primary-hyperoxaluria
#1
Shatha Murad, Yuval Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare metabolic disorder of oxalate overproduction. It is associated with urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis which progress to ESRD and systemic oxalosis. As oxalate deposits in tissues, non-parathyroid hormone (nonPTH) mediated hypercalcemia, oxalate osteopathy, primary hypothyroidism and primary hypogonadism develop. In this review, we will present a case of PH1 and provide an overview of this clinical entity and its endocrine manifestations...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135488/endocrine-manifestations-of-down-syndrome
#2
Rachel Whooten, Jessica Schmitt, Alison Schwartz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent developments in endocrine disorders associated with Down syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Current research regarding bone health and Down syndrome continues to show an increased prevalence of low bone mass and highlights the importance of considering short stature when interpreting dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. The underlying cause of low bone density is an area of active research and will shape treatment and preventive measures...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132427/risk-of-falling-among-hospitalized-patients-with-high-modified-morse-scores-could-be-further-stratified
#3
Irina Gringauz, Yael Shemesh, Amir Dagan, Irina Israelov, Dana Feldman, Naama Pelz-Sinvani, Dan Justo, Gad Segal
BACKGROUND: Falls during hospitalization harbor both clinical and financial outcomes. The modified Morse fall scale [MMFS] is widely used for an in-hospital risk-of-fall assessment. Nevertheless, the majority of patients at risk of falling, i.e. with high MMFS, do not fall. The aim of this study was to ascertain our study hypothesis that certain patients' characteristics (e.g. serum electrolytes, usage of a walking device etc.) could further stratify the risk of falls among hospitalized patients with MMFS...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127744/-endocrine-orbitopathy-the-present-view-of-a-clinical-endocrinologist
#4
Jan Jiskra
Graves orbitopathy (GO) occurs in 25-50 % cases of Graves disease. Only in 5 % of patients the eye threatening GO is present. About 5-10 % and 10 % cases are present in euthyroid and hypothyroid patients respectively. All patients with GO should be assessed for activity (clinical activity score - CAS) and severity of the disease. Basic preconditions of the treatment are maintenance of euthyroidism, an effort to stop smoking, and referring of patients with moderate to severe and sight threatening GO to specialized thyroid eye centers...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126290/effects-of-levothyroxine-on-pregnant-women-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-negative-for-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies
#5
Sima Nazarpour, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Tohidi, Sonia Minooee, Maryam Rahmati, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Currently, there is no consensus on universal thyroid screening and Levothyroxine (LT4) treatment of subclinical hypothyroid pregnant women who are negative for thyroid peroxidase antibody (SCH-TPOAb-). Objective: We aimed to evaluate the benefits of LT4 treatment on pregnancy outcomes in SCH-TPOAb- women. Design: This study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Thyroid and pregnancy study. A single-blind randomized clinical trial was undertaken on SCH-TPOAb- pregnant women...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120652/-hypothyroidism-in-patients-with-heart-disease
#6
Jan Jiskra
Hypothyroidism is frequently found in patients with heart disease. It is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease and has a direct negative effect on both the left and right ventricular functions (hypothyroidism-induced cardiomyopathy). The confirmed manifest hypothyroidism is always a reason for replacement therapy with levothyroxine; regarding patients with heart disease, we always begin treatment with a small dose and increase it gradually. The treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with heart disease is disputable and its benefits probably depend on age...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120650/-thyroid-screening-in-pregnancy-guideline-in-practice
#7
Patrícia Páleníková, Iveta Kalafutová, Zdenka Horníková, Juraj Payer
Thyroid diseases may adversely affect the conception, maintain pregnancy. They increase the risk of complications in pregnancy and may have a negative effect on the fetus. Therefore it is necessary to capture thyroid diseases in the population of pregnant women, in the early stage of pregnancy. In Slovakia, since 2009, the Expert Guideline of the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic for the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune thyroid diseases in women during pregnancy has been in force. In our patient cohort, we monitored 666 pregnant patients, the timeliness of screening, thyroid parameters, the number of pregnancies and their complications, the need for levothyroxine treatment...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107848/treated-hypothyroidism-is-associated-with-cerebrovascular-disease-but-not-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-in-older-adults
#8
Willa D Brenowitz, Fang Han, Walter A Kukull, Peter T Nelson
Thyroid hormone disease is common among older adults and is associated with cognitive impairment. However, pathologic correlates are not well understood. We studied pathologic and clinical factors associated with hypothyroidism, the most common manifestation of thyroid disease, in research subjects seen annually for clinical evaluations at U.S. Alzheimer's Disease Centers. Thyroid disease and treatment status were assessed during clinician interviews. Among autopsied subjects, there were 555 participants with treated hypothyroidism and 2146 without known thyroid disease; hypothyroidism was associated with severe atherosclerosis (odds ratio: 1...
November 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107171/progression-from-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency-to-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency
#9
REVIEW
Manuela Cerbone, Mehul T Dattani
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) can present at any time of life from the neonatal period to adulthood, as a result of congenital or acquired insults. It can present as an isolated problem (IGHD) or in combination with other pituitary hormone deficiencies (CPHD). Pituitary deficits can evolve at any time from GHD diagnosis. The number, severity and timing of occurrence of additional endocrinopathies are highly variable. The risk of progression from IGHD to CPHD in children varies depending on the etiology (idiopathic vs organic)...
October 19, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106537/symptomatic-atrial-fibrillation-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-data-from-the-euro-heart-survey
#10
Federico Guerra, Michela Brambatti, Robby Nieuwlaat, Maura Marcucci, Elton Dudink, Harry J G M Crijns, Maria Vittoria Matassini, Alessandro Capucci
Aims: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a wide range of clinical presentations. Whether and how AF symptoms can affect prognosis is still unclear. Aims of the present analysis were to investigate potential predictors of symptomatic AF and to determine if symptoms are associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events at 1-year follow-up. Methods and results: The Euro Heart Survey on Atrial Fibrillation included 3607 consecutive patients with documented AF and available follow-up regarding symptoms status...
June 30, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105624/effects-of-thyroid-hormone-replacement-therapy-on-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-electrocardiogram-changes-in-geriatric-patients-with-hypothyroidism
#11
Xianghong Zhai
This paper aims to analyze the effects of thyroid hormone replacement therapy on thyroid hormone levels and electrocardiogram changes in elderly patients with hypothyroidism. 48 elderly patients with hypothyroidism admitted to our hospital from January 2014 to December 2014 were selected as subjects. All the patients were treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. The changes of thyroid hormone levels and ECG parameters were compared before and after treatment. After treatment, serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was significantly lower than that before treatment, and the free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) were significantly higher than those before treatment (t=15...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095189/venous-thromboembolism-after-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#12
Arash Momeni, Justin P Fox
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a serious complication after the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Contemporary guidelines limit VTE chemoprophylaxis to the period of hospitalization. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency of postdischarge VTE among surgically treated breast cancer patients and identify patient level factors associated with postdischarge VTE. METHODS: Using Arkansas, Florida, Nebraska, and New York state inpatient databases, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult women who underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer between October 1, 2008, and September 30, 2013...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094893/treatment-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-ineffective-in-older-adults
#13
Mark H Ebell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093678/immune-related-adverse-events-associated-with-anti-pd-1-pd-l1-treatment-for-malignancies-a-meta-analysis
#14
Peng-Fei Wang, Yang Chen, Si-Ying Song, Ting-Jian Wang, Wen-Jun Ji, Shou-Wei Li, Ning Liu, Chang-Xiang Yan
Background: Treatment of cancers with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) pathway inhibitors can lead to immune-related adverse events (irAEs), which could be serious and even fetal. Therefore, clinicians should be aware of the characteristics of irAEs associated with the use of such drugs. Methods: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched to find potential studies using the following strategies: anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment; irAEs; and cancer. R© package Meta was used to pool incidence. Results: Forty-six studies representing 12,808 oncologic patients treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 agents were included in the meta-analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093516/thyroid-hormone-inhibits-growth-of-hepatoma-cells-through-induction-of-mir-214
#15
Po-Shuan Huang, Yang-Hsiang Lin, Hsiang-Cheng Chi, Pei-Yu Chen, Ya-Hui Huang, Chau-Ting Yeh, Chia-Siu Wang, Kwang-Huei Lin
Thyroid hormone (TH) plays a role in regulating the metabolic rate, heart functions, muscle control and maintenance of bones. 3,3'5-tri-iodo-L-thyronine (T3) displays high affinity to nuclear thyroid hormone receptors (TRs), which mediate most TH actions. Recent studies have shown hypothyroidism in patients with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of non-protein-coding RNA, are suggested to control tumor growth by interacting with target genes. However, the clinical significance of T3/TR-regulated miRNAs in tumors has yet to be established...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089225/rates-and-risk-factors-of-conversion-hip-arthroplasty-after-closed-reduction-percutaneous-hip-pinning-for-femoral-neck-fractures-a-population-analysis
#16
Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Shawn S Richardson, William W Schairer, Michael B Cross
BACKGROUND: Closed reduction with percutaneous pinning (CRPP) for nondisplaced or valgus impacted femoral neck fractures is a relatively low-risk operation that can produce excellent union rates in some patients; however, failure can occur in selected patients requiring conversion to arthroplasty. The primary aim of this study was to perform a population-level analysis to determine the rate and timeframe of conversion from CRPP to total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: The PearlDiver database was queried from 2007-2015 for all patients who underwent CRPP for a femoral neck fracture...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084189/-multiorgan-malfunction-after-fontan-operation-in-adult-patients
#17
Monika Smaś-Suska, Paweł Iwaszczuk, Beata Róg, Piotr Weryński, Maria Olszowska, Piotr Podolec, Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk
Although 85% of patients with univentricular heart after Fontan procedure survive twenty years after operation, the procedure alone seems to be an inadequate treatment as a permanent clinical solution. Patients with a "Fontan physiology" additionally have to face a various extra-cardiac complications, including thyroid, liver and kidney dysfunction, which are not only potentially life-threatening, but also can potentiate the circulatory insufficiency. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess a multiorgan dysfunction in adult patients after Fontan operation in long term follow-up and compare to healthy controls...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080044/metformin-effect-on-tsh-in-subclinical-hypothyroidism-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Mateus Dornelles Severo, Thais Stürmer Andrade, Vicente Correa Junior, Alexandre Antonio Naujorks, Miguel Gus, Beatriz D Schaan
INTRODUCTION: Non-randomized trials suggest that metformin may reduce TSH levels through unknown mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether metformin can reduce TSH levels in subjects with subclinical hypothyroidism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial with 3 months duration that enrolled 48 individuals, between 18 and 65 years, with subclinical hypothyroidism. The patients were randomized to the use of metformin 850 mg or placebo twice a day for 3 months...
October 27, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079654/characterization-of-thyroid-disorders-in-patients-receiving-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-therapy
#19
Hyunju Lee, F Stephen Hodi, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Patrick A Ott, Elizabeth I Buchbinder, Rizwan Haq, Sara Tolaney, Romualdo Barroso-Sousa, Kevin Zhang, Hilary Donahue, Meredith Davis, Maria E Gargano, Kristina M Kelley, Rona S Carroll, Ursula B Kaiser, Le Min
Thyroid disorders have emerged as one of the most common immune-related adverse events associated with anti-PD-1 monotherapy or combination anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 therapy. This study characterizes and compares the evolution of monotherapy and combination therapy-related thyroid disorders. We analyzed the dynamic evolution of thyroid disorders in 45 patients who developed thyroid disorders following treatment with either anti-PD-1 monotherapy or anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 combination therapy. The patients presented with thyrotoxicosis or hypothyroidism as the initial presentation of their thyroid disorder...
October 27, 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071241/total-thyroidectomy-for-thyroid-cancer-followed-by-thyroid-storm-due-to-thyrotropin-receptor-antibody-stimulation-of-metastatic-thyroid-tissue
#20
Lars Folkestad, Frans Brandt, Thomas Brix, Marianne Vogsen, Lars Bastholt, Peter Grupe, Jeanette Krogh Petersen, Laszlo Hegedüs
BACKGROUND: Graves disease (GD) is an autoimmune condition characterized by the presence of antibodies against the thyrotropin receptor (TRAB), which stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. Theoretically, TRAB could stimulate highly differentiated thyroid cancer tissue and/or metastases to produce thyroid hormone. CASE: A 68-year-old male, with weight loss and palpitations, was diagnosed with thyrotoxicosis. A later MRI, due to persistent shoulder pain, revealed multiple bone metastases...
September 2017: European Thyroid Journal
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