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Sexually transmitted disease treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453403/high-rate-of-hepatitis-b-virus-surface-antigenemia-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-kakuri-kaduna-state-north-west-nigeria
#1
Cornelius Arome Omatola, Bernard Anyebe Onoja, Temitope Thomas
Globally, increased incidence of liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is responsible for high morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. This is because both viruses share common routes of transmission. We determined prevalence of HBV-HIV coinfection and the influence of some risk factors on concomitant infection among people living with HIV in a treatment center in Kakuri, Kaduna State. Two hundred consenting individuals with HIV infection participated in the study...
April 28, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444417/identification-of-proteins-differentially-expressed-by-chlamydia-trachomatis-treated-with-chlamydiaphage-capsid-protein-vp1-during-intracellular-growth
#2
Jingyue Ma, Yina Sun, Changgui Sun, Quan Zhou, Manli Qi, Jie Kong, Jing Wang, Yuanjun Liu, Quanzhong Liu
Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Our research pertains to the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of the chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis. In this research, the capsid protein VP1 of the guinea-pig conjunctivitis chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 was expressed, purified and identified, and then, it was applied to the cultivation of different serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci. The inhibitory effect was observed in each serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis (D, E, F, G, H, I, K, and L2) and Chlamydia psittaci inoculated with VP1 protein...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442804/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-patients-attending-suraksha-clinic-of-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#3
H S Banger, Anisha Sethi, Sita Malhotra, Suresh Kumar Malhotra, Tejinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a global health problem. Trends of STIs vary from place to place depending on various epidemiological factors prevailing in that respective geographic area. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find the pattern and prevalence of different STIs out of total STI clinic attendees, to identify any change in the trend of STIs, various epidemiological factors, and behavior of individual diseases...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442802/study-of-prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-condom-use-among-male-to-female-transgender-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-chennai
#4
Subhash Dasarathan, S Kalaivani
CONTEXT: A "Transgender" person is one who dresses as, desires to be, has undergone surgery to become or identifies with opposite sex. They have a higher risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) due to a combination of biological and social reasons. They have risky sexual behaviors but low-risk perception. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in transgender (TG) and association with condom use. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study of 82 male-to-female TGs attending our sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from 2011 to 2014 was undertaken...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442801/treatment-outcomes-and-loss-to-follow-up-rate-of-male-patients-with-gonococcal-and-nongonococcal-urethritis-who-attended-the-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-an-8-year-retrospective-study
#5
Charussri Leeyaphan, Sukhum Jiamton, Pattriya Chanyachailert, Theetat Surawan, Viboon Omcharoen
BACKGROUND: Poor follow-up compliance of patients with infectious urethritis is a recognized and serious public health problem in Thailand. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine treatment outcomes and loss to follow-up rate of male patients with gonococcal urethritis (GU) and non-GU (NGU) at a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic at Thailand's tertiary hospital. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of male patients who sought treatment at STDs Clinic, Siriraj Hospital, and who were diagnosed with GU and/or NGU was conducted during January 2007 to December 2014 study period...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441241/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-epidemiology-and-treatment
#6
Michelle Solomon, Lisa Tuchman, Katie Hayes, Gia Badolato, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: Most adolescent cases of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). An important step to prevent PID-related morbidity among this high-risk population is to quantify prevalence and microbial patterns and identify testing and treatment gaps. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of all visits by adolescents to an urban children's ED with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of PID in 2012...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438144/development-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-phone-application-conducting-health-behavioral-intervention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#7
Jin Yan, Aidi Zhang, Liang Zhou, Zhulin Huang, Pan Zhang, Guoli Yang
BACKGROUND: Behavioral intervention is a key approach to HIV prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM). Widespread use of mobile phones provide us with novel opportunities to decrease HIV infection and transmission of MSM. The objective of the study was to design and develop a mobile phone application (app) aims to conduct behavioral intervention to MSM and to evaluate the efficacy of the app-based intervention compared to usual care, to analyze cost-effectiveness and mechanism of the intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436019/antibiotic-therapy-for-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#8
REVIEW
Ricardo F Savaris, Daniele G Fuhrich, Rui V Duarte, Sebastian Franik, Jonathan Ross
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects 4% to 12% of young women, and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in this age group. The main intervention for acute PID is the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics which cover Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and anaerobic bacteria, administered intravenously, intramuscularly, or orally. In this review, we assessed the optimal treatment regimen for PID. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic regimens used to treat pelvic inflammatory disease...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435489/gender-differences-in-cdc-guideline-compliance-for-stis-in-emergency-departments
#9
Bryan G Kane, Alexander W D Guillaume, Elizabeth M Evans, Terrence E Goyke, Jessica K Eygnor, Lauren Semler, Stephen W Dusza, Marna Rayl Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. The objective of this study was to determine if there were gender differences in adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) STI diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as documented by emergency providers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review to identify patients treated for urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the EDs of three hospitals in a Pennsylvania network during a calendar year...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427542/recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-state-of-the-art-review
#10
REVIEW
Helena Ribeiro Fortes, Felipe Mussi von Ranke, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Cesar Augusto Araujo Neto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Carolina Althoff Souza, Edson Marchiori
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of the upper aero-digestive tract caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which affects children and young adults. The aim of this review is to describe the main etiological, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects of RRP. Most infections in children occur at birth, during passage through the birth canals of contaminated mothers. In adults, HPV is transmitted sexually. Papillomas usually appear as exophytic nodules, primarily in the larynx, but occasionally involving the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, and pulmonary parenchyma...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410582/metronidazole-for-the-treatment-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-bulls
#11
David Love, Virginia R Fajt, Thomas Hairgrove, Meredyth Jones, James A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is a sexually transmitted protozoon that causes reproductive failure, among cattle, so disruptive that many western US states have initiated control programs. Current control programs are based on the testing and exclusion of individual bulls. Unfortunately, these programs are utilizing screening tests that are lacking in sensitivity. Blanket treatment of all the exposed bulls and adequate sexual rest for the exposed cows could provide a more viable disease control option...
April 14, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410349/zika-virus-and-assisted-reproduction
#12
Christina N Cordeiro, Rashda Bano, Chantel I Washington Cross, James H Segars
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Due to the fact that the Zika virus can be sexually transmitted, there is a potential risk for disease transmission at several stages of assisted reproduction. Such a possibility poses a serious challenge to couples pursing fertility with reproductive technologies. Here, we discuss what is known regarding Zika virus infection with respect to sexual transmission and correlate this knowledge with recent recommendations in the realm of infertility treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Zika virus can be transmitted from infected men and women through vaginal, oral or anal intercourse...
April 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409618/zika-virus-common-questions-and-answers
#13
Irogue I Igbinosa, Ingrid B Rabe, Titilope Oduyebo, Sonja A Rasmussen
Since local mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus was first reported in Brazil in early 2015, the virus has spread rapidly, with active transmission reported in at least 61 countries and territories worldwide, including the United States. Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe brain anomalies. The virus is transmitted primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito, but other routes of transmission include sexual, mother-to-fetus during pregnancy, mother-to-infant at delivery, laboratory exposure, and, possibly, transfusion of blood products...
April 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398679/ebola-virus-disease-and-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-current-knowledge-of-ebola-virus-pathogenesis-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Lisa M Bebell, Titilope Oduyebo, Laura E Riley
The 2014 to 2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa devastated local health systems and caused thousands of deaths. Historical reports from Zaire ebolavirus outbreaks suggested pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of severe illness and death, with mortality rates from 74 to 100%. In total, 111 cases of pregnant patients with EVD are reported in the literature, with an aggregate maternal mortality of 86%. Pregnancy-specific data published from the recent outbreak include four small descriptive cohort studies and five case reports...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390095/the-anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-phloroglucinol-derivative-isoaustrobrasilol-b-modulates-extracellular-nucleotides-hydrolysis
#15
Camila Braz Menezes, Graziela Vargas Rigo, Henrique Bridi, Danielle da Silva Trentin, Alexandre José Macedo, Gilsane Lino Von Poser, Tiana Tasca
Trichomonas vaginalis causes trichomoniasis, a neglected sexually transmitted disease. Due to severe health consequences and treatment failure, new therapeutic alternatives are crucial. Phloroglucinols from Southern Brazilian Hypericum species demonstrated anti-T. vaginalis and anti-Leishmania amazonensis activities. The modulation of biochemical pathways involved in the control of inflammatory response by ectonucleotidases, NTPDase and ecto-5'-nucleotidase, represents new targets for combating protozoa. This study investigated the activity of phloroglucinol derivatives of Hypericum species from Southern Brazil against T...
April 8, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384130/state-specific-rates-of-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2015
#16
Alex de Voux, Sarah Kidd, Jeremy A Grey, Eli S Rosenberg, Thomas L Gift, Hillard Weinstock, Kyle T Bernstein
In 2015, the rate of reported primary and secondary syphilis in the United States was 7.5 cases per 100,000 population, nearly four times the previous lowest documented rate of 2.1 in 2000 (1). In 2015, 81.7% of male primary and secondary syphilis cases with information on the sex of the sex partner were among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (1). These data suggest a disproportionate incidence of disease among MSM. However, attempts to quantify this disparity have been hindered by limited data on the size of the MSM population at the state level...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374281/prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#17
REVIEW
Laura Quilter, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Jeanne Marrazzo
Prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is an important part of the care of the HIV-infected individual. STIs have been associated with increased risk of transmission and acquisition of HIV. Among HIV-infected persons, treatment failures and high recurrence rates of some STIs are more common. Despite the recognized importance of prevention and discussion of sexual health, rates of screening for STIs are suboptimal. Moreover, rates of STIs such as syphilis continue to increase particularly in men who have sex with men (MSM)...
April 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357381/recent-insights-into-the-hiv-aids-pandemic
#18
REVIEW
Juan C Becerra, Lukas S Bildstein, Johannes S Gach
Etiology, transmission and protection: Transmission of HIV, the causative agent of AIDS, occurs predominantly through bodily fluids. Factors that significantly alter the risk of HIV transmission include male circumcision, condom use, high viral load, and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases. Pathology/Symptomatology: HIV infects preferentially CD4(+) T lymphocytes, and Monocytes. Because of their central role in regulating the immune response, depletion of CD4(+) T cells renders the infected individual incapable of adequately responding to microorganisms otherwise inconsequential...
September 5, 2016: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357380/genital-herpes-insights-into-sexually-transmitted-infectious-disease
#19
REVIEW
Dinesh Jaishankar, Deepak Shukla
Etiology, transmission and protection: Herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) is a leading cause of sexually transmitted infections with recurring manifestations throughout the lifetime of infected hosts. Currently no effective vaccines or prophylactics exist that provide complete protection or immunity from the virus, which is endemic throughout the world. Pathology/Symptomatology: Primary and recurrent infections result in lesions and inflammation around the genital area and the latter accounts for majority of genital herpes instances...
June 27, 2016: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357378/trichomoniasis-are-we-giving-the-deserved-attention-to-the-most-common-non-viral-sexually-transmitted-disease-worldwide
#20
REVIEW
Camila Braz Menezes, Amanda Piccoli Frasson, Tiana Tasca
Trichomonas vaginalis is the etiologic agent of trichomoniasis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the world. Transmission: Trichomoniasis is transmitted by sexual intercourse and transmission via fomites is rare. Epidemiology, incidence and prevalence: The WHO estimates an incidence of 276 million new cases each year and prevalence of 187 million of infected individuals. However, the infection is not notifiable. Pathology/Symptomatology: The T. vaginalis infection results in a variety of clinical manifestations - in most cases the patients are asymptomatic, but some may develop signs typically associated to the disease...
June 27, 2016: Microbial Cell
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