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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771869/performance-of-the-atlas-rapid-test-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-women-s-attitudes-toward-point-of-care-testing
#1
Lea E Widdice, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Barbara Silver, Mathilda Barnes, Perry Barnes, Charlotte A Gaydos
PURPOSE: This study compared performance of Atlas io® diagnostic platform, a point-of-care (POC) PCR assay for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), to Aptima Combo 2, a standard of care laboratory-based nucleic acid amplification assay (NAAT), and evaluated patient attitudes toward POC testing. METHODS: Women ≥14 years undergoing CT screening/testing were recruited from an urban adolescent primary care practice (Teen Health Center, THC) and a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765114/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-a-rapid-test-for-syphilis-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#3
Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Nicolás Morando, Ricardo Casco, Asunta Melgar, Silvia Nacher, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepin, María A Pando
Even though syphilis can be easily diagnosed by simple and low-cost laboratory methods, it continues to be an important health problem. Rapid tests (RT) for the detection of treponemal antibodies can facilitate earlier diagnosis, access to treatment and linkage to care. The aim of this study was to analyse the usefulness of the incorporation of a RT in the detection of patients infected with T. pallidum in a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Between March and December 2015, a syphilis RT was offered to patients who spontaneously attended the clinic...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737273/treatment-outcomes-of-brazilian-inmates-with-treponema-pallidum-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Graciela Mendonça Dos Santos Bet, Gleyce Hellen de Almeida de Souza, Júlio Croda, Maísa Estopa Correa, Romário Oliveira de Sales, Ruthe Aline da Silva Santos, Renata Viebrantz Enne Sgarbi, Renata Terumi Shiguematsu Yassuda, Ana Rita Castro Mota Coimbra, Maurício Antônio Pompílio, Simone Simionatto
A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the incidence and treatment outcomes of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in inmates from Central Brazil. In 2013, 3,363 inmates from 12 prisons in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul were recruited, and 1,614 remained incarcerated after 1 year. The inmates were interviewed, and blood samples were collected for serological testing for Treponema pallidum and HIV infections. Inmates infected with T. pallidum or HIV within the first year were assessed for treatment using prison medical record data, based on Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test results, HIV-1 viral load, and CD4 counts...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735819/sexually-transmitted-infections-need-for-extragenital-screening
#5
REVIEW
Jyoti Rawre, Sonu Agrawal, Benu Dhawan
Extragenital infections can occur concurrently with simultaneous urogenital infections. Extragenital sites are believed to serve as hidden reservoirs and play a critical role in their transmission. The etiological relationship of the most widespread Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) pathogen to reproductive tract has long been established, but the distribution to extragenital sites appears to be infrequent and its correlation with the sexual practice still requires to be investigated. Optimal-screening strategies for extragenital infections are largely unknown...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698384/adherence-to-cdc-recommendations-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-gonorrhea-std-surveillance-network-united-states-2016
#6
Emily J Weston, Kimberly Workowski, Elizabeth Torrone, Hillard Weinstock, Mark R Stenger
Gonorrhea, the sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is the second most common notifiable disease in the United States after chlamydia; 468,514 cases were reported to state and local health departments in 2016, an increase of 18.5% from 2015 (1). N. gonorrhoeae has progressively developed resistance to most antimicrobials used to treat the infection (2). As a result, CDC recommends two antimicrobials (250 mg of ceftriaxone [IM] plus 1 g of azithromycin [PO]) for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea to improve treatment efficacy and, potentially, to slow the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694796/chlamydia-retesting-among-safety-net-clinic-patients-infertility-prevention-project
#7
Breanna J McArdle, Genevieve L Buser, Katrina Hedberg, Sean Schafer
BACKGROUND: Due to high reinfection rates, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend retesting everyone diagnosed with chlamydia after treatment. However, retesting rates are often low, and research on retesting is limited. METHODS: Infertility Prevention Project (IPP) was a national chlamydia screening and treatment project in the United States. We completed a retrospective longitudinal analysis using IPP testing data from 8,266 women with at least 1 positive test result from 2010 to 2013...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690929/gonococcal-sepsis-in-a-32-year-old-female-a-case-report
#8
Michael Owusu, Kwadwo Sarfo Marfo, Godfred Acheampong, Abednego Arthur, Nimako Sarpong, Justin Im, Ondari D Mogeni, Augustina Annan, Hsin-Ying Chiang, Chih-Horng Kuo, Se Eun Park, Florian Marks, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
BACKGROUND: Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a Gram-negative bacterium which affects the urethra, throat, rectum and cervix of patients and often associated with sexually transmitted infections. The global epidemiology of the disease is not well characterised especially in resource constraint countries due to poor diagnostic capacity and inefficient reporting systems. Although important, little is known about the propensity of this bacterium to cause sepsis in immunocompetent individuals. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old female presented with fever and generalised malaise to a rural hospital in Ghana...
April 24, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680200/biological-feasibility-and-importance-of-a-gonorrhea-vaccine-for-global-public-health
#9
Leah R Vincent, Ann E Jerse
There is a growing public health interest in controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through vaccination due to increasing recognition of the global disease burden of STIs and the role of STIs in women's reproductive health, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and the health and well-being of neonates. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has historically challenged vaccine development through the expression of phase and antigenically variable surface molecules and its capacity to cause repeated infections without inducing protective immunity...
April 18, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644437/a-paperfluidic-platform-to-detect-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-clinical-samples
#10
Audrey L Horst, Justin M Rosenbohm, Nikunja Kolluri, Justin Hardick, Charlotte A Gaydos, Mario Cabodi, Catherine M Klapperich, Jacqueline C Linnes
Globally, the microbe Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) causes 106 million newly documented sexually transmitted infections each year. Once appropriately diagnosed, NG infections can be readily treated with antibiotics, but high-risk patients often do not return to the clinic for treatment if results are not provided at the point of care. A rapid, sensitive molecular diagnostic would help increase NG treatment and reduce the prevalence of this sexually transmitted disease. Here, we report on the design and development of a rapid, highly sensitive, paperfluidic device for point-of-care diagnosis of NG...
April 11, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644039/giant-anorectal-condyloma-acuminatum-of-buschke-l%C3%A3-wenstein-presents-difficult-management-decisions
#11
Hyunyoung G Kim, Jennifer E Kesey, John A Griswold
Condyloma acuminata, or anogenital warts, caused by human papillomavirus are the most common sexually transmitted disease. In rare cases, the disease could progress to an extensive neoplasm called Buschke-Löwenstein tumor (BLT), also known as giant condyloma acuminatum. BLT differs from normal condyloma acuminata by presenting with locally invasive growth, lack of spontaneous resolution, tendency for recurrence after treatment and potential for malignant transformation. We examine a BLT case reaching large dimensions in the anorectal region treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and surgical excision of residual lesions...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619436/concomitant-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-patients-with-diagnosed-hiv-aids-a-retrospective-study
#12
Densy Violina Harnanti, Afif Nurul Hidayati, Muhammad Miftahussurur
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that causes Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which weaken the human immune system and thus increasing the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and vice versa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of STIs in HIV/AIDS patients in Unit Perawatan Intermediate Penyakit Infeksi (UPIPI) Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya was conducted from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2014...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#13
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606287/cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-screening-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Paolo Biancone, Valerio Brescia, Elisa Camussi, Maria Martorana, Silvana Secinaro, Roberta Siliquini
INTRODUCTION: Over 2 million people in high-income countries live with HIV. Early diagnosis and treatment present benefits for infected subjects and reduce secondary transmissions. Cost-effectiveness analyses are important to effectively inform policy makers and consequently implement the most cost-effective programmes. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review regarding the cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in high-income countries. METHODS: We followed PRISMA statements and included all papers evaluating the cost-effectiveness of HIV screening in the general population or in specific subgroups...
March 23, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602529/neurosyphilis-as-a-cause-of-transverse-myelitis-in-a-teenage-girl
#15
Karen Kim Jo Yaphockun, Shannon Wai
BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that was nearly eradicated in 2001 but is now making a resurgence. It has a wide range of clinical manifestations depending on disease stage. Neurosyphilis is an infrequently seen infectious disease with central nervous system involvement that can occur in either early- or late-stage syphilis. The diagnosis of neurosyphilis is challenging, primarily because Treponema pallidum, the infecting organism, cannot be cultured in vitro...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593659/how-to-control-htlv-1-associated-diseases-preventing-de-novo-cellular-infection-using-antiviral-therapy
#16
Amandine Pasquier, Sandrine Alais, Loic Roux, Maria-Isabel Thoulouze, Karine Alvarez, Chloé Journo, Hélène Dutartre, Renaud Mahieux
Five to ten million individuals are infected by Human T-cell Leukemia Virus type 1 (HTLV-1). HTLV-1 is transmitted through prolonged breast-feeding, by sexual contacts and by transmission of infected T lymphocytes through blood transfusion. One to ten percent of infected carriers will develop a severe HTLV-1-associated disease: Adult-T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), or a neurological disorder named Tropical Spastic Paraparesis/HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy (TSP/HAM). In vivo , HTLV-1 is mostly detected in CD4+ T-cells, and to a lesser extent in CD8+ T cells and dendritic cells...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584743/partner-notification-outcomes-after-integration-of-an-on-site-disease-intervention-specialist-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic
#17
Alec Tributino, Madeline C Montgomery, Thomas Bertrand, Theodore Marak, Alexi Almonte, Jacob van den Berg, Kristen St John, Carol Browning, Martha M Medina, Ashley Morse, Philip A Chan
BACKGROUND: Partner notification services (PNS) are highly effective in reducing transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). We assessed outcomes of PNS before and after integration of an on-site disease intervention specialist (DIS) at a publicly-funded STD clinic. METHODS: From August 2014 to December 2015, patients testing positive for infectious syphilis or gonorrhea at the Rhode Island STD Clinic were referred to on-site DIS for partner notification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564244/prevalence-of-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-other-sexually-transmitted-pathogens-among-high-risk-individuals-in-greece
#18
Paraskevi Chra, Joseph Papaparaskevas, Eleni Papadogeorgaki, George Panos, Michalis Leontsinidis, George Arsenis, Athanassios Tsakris
Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection among individuals at high risk for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) at a major urban STD clinic in Athens, in view of the lack of data pertaining to this infection in Greece. Methods: Urethral and cervical samples from 176 individuals consecutively attending the clinic and agreeing to participate were prospectively collected and tested for MG infection using conventional PCR and TaqMan Real-Time PCR...
March 2018: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558852/sexually-transmitted-infection-review-for-the-acute-care-pharmacist
#19
Nathan D Mah, Asha R Birmingham, Cierra N Treu, Ryan P Bodkin, Nadia I Awad, Nicole M Acquisto
PURPOSE: Review selected sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and treatment recommendations for pharmacists and providers practicing in the acute care setting. SUMMARY: In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an updated guideline on the treatment of STIs with an emphasis on prevention and new diagnostic strategies to combat the growing problem of STIs in the United States. Despite this guidance, the incidence of infection has continued to grow...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547342/policy-interventions-shaping-hiv-prevention-providers-active-role-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#20
Rogério M Pinto, Susan S Witte, Prema L Filippone, C Jean Choi, Melanie Wall
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project has disseminated HIV behavioral interventions (EBIs) across the United States since the 1990s. In 2011, the CDC launched the High-Impact HIV Prevention (HIP) project, providing EBIs plus high-impact services (HIV testing, primary care, and support services). Providers (nurses, social workers, educators) are unable to consistently make linkages; thus, numerous at-risk individuals are not benefitting from HIP...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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