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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639722/european-guideline-for-the-management-of-scabies
#1
C M Salavastru, O Chosidow, M J Boffa, M Janier, G S Tiplica
Scabies is caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. The disease can be sexually transmitted. Patients' main complaint is nocturnal itch. Disseminated, excoriated, erythematous papules are usually seen on the anterior trunk and limbs. Crusted scabies occurs in immunocompromised hosts and may be associated with reduced or absent pruritus. Recommended treatments are permethrin 5% cream, oral ivermectin and benzyl benzoate 25% lotion. Alternative treatments are malathion 0.5% aqueous lotion, ivermectin 1% lotion and sulphur 6-33% cream, ointment or lotion...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633446/genetic-indicators-of-drug-resistance-in-the-highly-repetitive-genome-of-trichomonas-vaginalis
#2
Martina Bradic, Sally D Warring, Grace E Tooley, Paul Scheid, William E Secor, Kirkwood M Land, Po-Jung Huang, Ting-Wen Chen, Chi-Ching Lee, Petrus Tang, Steven A Sullivan, Jane M Carlton
Trichomonas vaginalis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted parasite, causes ∼283 million trichomoniasis infections annually and is associated with pregnancy complications and increased risk of HIV-1 acquisition. The antimicrobial drug metronidazole is used for treatment, but in a fraction of clinical cases, the parasites can become resistant to this drug. We undertook sequencing of multiple clinical isolates and lab derived lines to identify genetic markers and mechanisms of metronidazole resistance...
June 19, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631649/chlamydia-trachomatis-proctitis-masquerading-as-carcinoma-rectum-first-case-report-from-india
#3
Benu Dhawan, Govind Kumar Makharia, Deepak Juyal, Sujeesh Sebastian, Riti Bhatia, Neena Khanna
While proctitis is caused both by infectious and noninfectious causes, infectious causes are acquired typically sexually. Chlamydia trachomatis, which is the most frequent bacterial pathogen causing sexually transmitted infections worldwide, is one of the causative agents of proctitis. We report a case history of a bisexual male who presented to us with rectal bleeding. The colonoscopy showed a nodular ulcerated lesion in the rectum suggestive of rectal malignancy, but biopsies from rectal mass did not reveal malignancy...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629687/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-empiric-treatment-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#4
Kristen Breslin, Lisa Tuchman, Katie L Hayes, Gia Badolato, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVE: To determine test characteristics of provider judgment for empiric antibiotic provision to patients undergoing testing for a sexually transmitted infection. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional electronic health record review of all patients aged 13-19 years who had Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) testing sent from an urban, academic pediatric emergency department in 2012. We abstracted data, including patient demographics, chief complaint, sexually transmitted infection test results, and treatment...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612588/analysis-of-knowledge-level-in-brasilian-students-about-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-development-of-penile-cancer
#5
George Kemil Abdalla, Emanuella Francisco Fajardo, Bruno Belmonte Martinelli Gomes, Thiago Mantello Bianco, Ana Karina Marques Salge, Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho, Marlize Moura Dos Reis, Dayana Pousa Siqueira Abrahão, Douglas Reis Abdalla
Introduction: Human papillomavirus (HPV), belonging to the Papovavirida family, is the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease (STD) agent worldwide. In Brazil, it is estimated that there are 3-6 million people infected with HPV. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of young male students about penis cancer related to HPV infection. Methods: This exploratory and quantitative study was conducted to analyze answers of 242 male students attending a private college located in Uberaba city, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, during 2015...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601819/prevalence-characteristics-of-cervical-human-papillomavirus-hpv-genotypes-in-the-taizhou-area-china-a-cross-sectional-study-of-37%C3%A2-967-women-from-the-general-population
#6
Hui Hui Xu, Aifen Lin, Ya Hong Chen, Shan Shan Dong, Wei Wu Shi, Jia Zheng Yu, Wei Hua Yan
OBJECTIVES: High-risk human papillomaviruses (hrHPVs) are highly prevalent worldwide, and HPV genotypes differ between geographical regions; however, sexually transmitted HPV may lead to cervical carcinogenesis. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence characteristics of cervical HPV genotypes in Taizhou, Southeast China. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 37 967 eligible women (median age: 41.6; range: 15-90 years) visiting the Taizhou ENZE Medical Center in Taizhou (2012-2016) was analysed...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597829/urogenital-infection-as-a-risk-factor-for-male-infertility
#7
Hans-Christian Schuppe, Adrian Pilatz, Hamid Hossain, Thorsten Diemer, Florian Wagenlehner, Wolfgang Weidner
BACKGROUND: Infections of the genital tract are considered common causes of male fertility disorders, with a prevalence of 6-10%. Most of the affected men are asymptomatic. The diagnostic evaluation is based mainly on laboratory testing. Inconsistent diagnostic criteria have been applied to date, and this may explain the controversial debate about the role of infection and inflammation in the genital tract as a cause of infertility. The risk of an irreversible fertility disorder should not be underestimated...
May 12, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591334/-evaluation-of-implementation-of-the-protocol-for-managing-tuberculosis-human-immunodeficiency-virus-coinfection-in-specialized-care-services-in-cear%C3%A3-state
#8
Silvia Helena Bastos de Paula, Telma Alves Martins, Sheila Maria Santiago Borges, Christiana Maria de Oliveira Nogueira, Valderina Ramos Freire
Objectives: Identify barriers and strategies for implementation of the protocol for managing tuberculosis/ human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) coinfection in specialized care services in Ceará state, through evaluation research. Methods: The study followed iPIER methodology, a new initiative to help improve the implementation of health programs through the use of research that is conducted as a part of the implementation process. Data were collected on the structure and processes of 22 services and barriers were explored in four focus groups with 28 participants, from the standpoint of the health team, administrators, and users...
May 25, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590392/pilot-studies-examining-feasibility-of-substance-use-disorder-screening-and-treatment-linkage-at-urban-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics
#9
Jan Gryczynski, Courtney D Nordeck, Shannon Gwin Mitchell, Kathleen R Page, Luke L Johnsen, Kevin E O'Grady, Robert P Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics provide critical public health services for screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections throughout the United States. These settings serve high-risk populations, often on a walk-in basis, and may be promising venues for integrating substance use disorder (SUD) services. METHODS: We report findings from 2 pilot studies conducted at Baltimore City Health Department's STD clinics. The screening study characterized rates of SUDs among STD clinic patients...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587607/design-of-a-syndemic-based-intervention-to-facilitate-care-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-high-risk-behaviour-the-syn-bas-in-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Roel C A Achterbergh, Jannie J van der Helm, Wim van den Brink, Henry J C de Vries
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) constitute a risk group for sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Despite counselling interventions, risk behaviour remains high. Syndemic theory holds that psychosocial problems often co-occur, interact and mutually reinforce each other, thereby increasing high risk behaviours and co-occurring diseases. Therefore, if co-occurring psychosocial problems were assessed and treated simultaneously, this might decrease high risk behaviour and disease...
June 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552105/acacia-karroo-hayne-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-an-important-medicinal-plant-in-southern-africa
#11
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Acacia karroo (A. karroo) has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of southern Africa for several centuries. The potential of A. karroo as herbal medicine, its associated phytochemistry and biological activities are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that A. karroo is traditionally used to treat or manage 32 and five human and animal diseases and ailments, respectively. The species is used as herbal medicine for diseases and ailments such as colds, diarrhoea, dysentery, flu, malaria, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), wounds, and also as colic and ethnoveterinary medicine...
April 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511487/a-comparative-study-of-liquid-nitrogen-cryotherapy-as-monotherapy-versus-in-combination-with-podophyllin-in-the-treatment-of-condyloma-acuminata
#12
Nidhi Sharma, Sanjeev Sharma, Chetna Singhal
INTRODUCTION: Condyloma Acuminata (CA) is a common viral sexually transmitted disease. Although various treatment modalities are available for treating CA, but none of them can achieve 100% response rate. In a search for better response rate and less recurrence rate, the combination of cytotoxic agent Podophyllin with ablative liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was evaluated over cryotherapy alone. AIM: To evaluate the synergistic effect of Podophyllin as a chemotherapeutic adjunct to an ablative therapy of liquid nitrogen cryotherapy versus liquid nitrogen cryotherapy alone in the treatment of CA...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502333/zika-virus-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-human-disease
#13
REVIEW
Elizabeth K Nugent, Anne K Nugent, Rebecca Nugent, Kenneth Nugent
The Zika virus is a positive sense, single-stranded RNA arbovirus in the Flaviviridae family, genus Flavivirus. This virus was initially isolated in Africa and is transmitted to nonhuman primates and humans by mosquitoes. Initial reports describe sporadic mild viral infection with fever, arthralgia, myalgia and conjunctivitis in Africa and Asia. However, its geographic distribution has significantly increased, and it has caused large outbreaks in the Yap Islands in 2007, in French Polynesia in 2013 and in Brazil in 2015...
May 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#14
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487118/pittosporum-viridiflorum-sims-pittosporaceae-a-review-on-a-useful-medicinal-plant-native-to-south-africa-and-tropical-africa
#15
REVIEW
B Madikizela, L J McGaw
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims, a Pittosporaceae species, is used extensively in African traditional medicine (ATM) by various tribes. This review is an appraisal of the information concerning the description, distribution, conservation status, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of this species with the aim of reconciling it with its traditional use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A wide-ranging literature search was conducted using database platforms such as Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, PubMed and books including local reports and thesis submissions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473937/herpes-simplex-proctitis-mimicking-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-a-teenaged-male
#16
Kristen E Sandgren, Nathan B Price, Warren P Bishop, Patrick J McCarthy
We report the case of a 17-year-old male who was initially assessed for pain with defecation, bloody rectal discharge, and diarrhea, consistent with proctitis. Though proctitis is most commonly due to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infectious etiologies must also be considered, including sexually transmitted causes of infectious proctitis. In discussion of his sexual history, he identified as homosexual and acknowledged engaging in receptive anal intercourse. Rectal biopsies obtained via colonoscopy were culture-positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV), leading to a diagnosis of HSV proctitis and treatment with an appropriate antiviral medication...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471320/erectile-dysfunction-symptoms-in-polydrug-dependents-seeking-treatment
#17
Jales Clemente, Alessandra Diehl, Paulo Roberto Oliveira Henrique Santana, Claudio Jerônimo da Silva, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari
OBJECTIVE: To assess erectile dysfunction (ED) symptom prevalence, sexual behavior conditions, and risk factors associated to ED in a male polydrug dependent sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional design study was conducted with 102 substance-dependent male polydrug users who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Sociodemographic data, drug of choice, chronic disease questions, sexually transmitted infections, International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) scale, Sexual Addiction Screening Test (SAST), and WHOQOL-Bref instrument were used...
May 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469121/the-prevalence-and-course-of-preinvasive-cervical-lesions-during-pregnancy-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#18
Fadimatu Bakari, Muhammad A Abdul, Saad A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: In spite of knowledge of the causes and prevention of cervical cancer, screening programs for cervical cancer have not yet been fully implemented in most developing countries including Nigeria. Documented data on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnancy are scarce in our environment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and course of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria, Northern Nigeria Study Design: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453403/high-rate-of-hepatitis-b-virus-surface-antigenemia-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-kakuri-kaduna-state-north-west-nigeria
#19
Cornelius Arome Omatola, Bernard Anyebe Onoja, Temitope Thomas
Globally, increased incidence of liver disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is responsible for high morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. This is because both viruses share common routes of transmission. We determined prevalence of HBV-HIV coinfection and the influence of some risk factors on concomitant infection among people living with HIV in a treatment center in Kakuri, Kaduna State. Two hundred consenting individuals with HIV infection participated in the study...
April 28, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444417/identification-of-proteins-differentially-expressed-by-chlamydia-trachomatis-treated-with-chlamydiaphage-capsid-protein-vp1-during-intracellular-growth
#20
Jingyue Ma, Yina Sun, Changgui Sun, Quan Zhou, Manli Qi, Jie Kong, Jing Wang, Yuanjun Liu, Quanzhong Liu
Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Our research pertains to the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of the chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis. In this research, the capsid protein VP1 of the guinea-pig conjunctivitis chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 was expressed, purified and identified, and then, it was applied to the cultivation of different serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci. The inhibitory effect was observed in each serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis (D, E, F, G, H, I, K, and L2) and Chlamydia psittaci inoculated with VP1 protein...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
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