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Sexually transmitted disease treatment

Y Wang, L Yang, Z L Zhang
Here we reported two patients who presented with panuveitis and were transferred from ophthalmologists to rheumatologists, for both the patients had oral and genital ulcers. They were misdiagnosed with Behcet's disease at first glance. Two young males presented with acute uveitis with history of recurrent oral and genital ulcers. They initially presented with symptoms and signs resembling Behcet's disease and were treated with systemic steroids with suboptimal responses. Routine laboratory test revealed syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Michelle L Pickett, Marlene D Melzer-Lange, Melissa K Miller, Seema Menon, Alexis M Vistocky, Amy L Drendel
OBJECTIVES: There is limited literature about physicians' adherence to 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines specific to specimen collection testing methods in adolescent females in the emergency setting is limited. The objectives are to (1) determine physician adherence to CDC guidelines for specimen collection/testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea, (2) determine physician characteristics associated with guideline adherence, and (3) describe physicians' knowledge of expedited partner therapy (EPT) laws...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Patrícia Miranda Leite-Ribeiro, Vinicius Rabelo Torregrossa, Vinicius Costa Vieira, Viviane Almeida Sarmento
The condylomata acuminata is a benign epithelial neoplasm induced by papillomavirus, and it is characterized by the proliferation of stratified squamous epithelial tissue that affects the anogenital and oral mucosa. It is considered to be a sexually transmitted disease and has a higher prevalence in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Various therapies have been used for the removal of lesions, such as cryotherapy, surgical laser and surgical excision, which are painful and scarring. These techniques, however, do not eliminate the virus and relapses are common shortly after treatment...
September 26, 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Patrícia de Brum Vieira, Tiana Tasca, W Evan Secor
Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is considered the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Recently, the infection has been associated with adverse outcomes of pregnancy and increased risks of HIV acquisition and transmission, besides the association with cervical and prostate cancers. The consequences of trichomoniasis are likely much greater than previously recognized, both at the individual and the community level...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Jairo Amaya-Guio, David Andres Viveros-Carreño, Eloisa Mercedes Sierra-Barrios, Mercy Yolima Martinez-Velasquez, Carlos F Grillo-Ardila
BACKGROUND: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection that has a prevalence between 10% to 50% worlwide. BV results in an imbalance of the normal vaginal flora. Microorganisms associated with BV have been isolated from the normal flora of the male genital tract, and their presence could be related to the recurrence of BV after antibiotic treatment. Therefore, the treatment of sexual partners could decrease the recurrence of infection and possibly the burden of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness in women and the safety in men of concurrent antibiotic treatment for the sexual partners of women treated for BV...
October 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Barbara Van Der Pol
HSV-1 and HSV-2 are among the most common causes of sexually transmitted infections (stis) globally. these infections are strongly associated with increased risk of hiv acquisition and rare, but devastating, neonatal disease. available treatment options can reduce HSV transmission and improve quality of life. accurate diagnosis early in disease can improve patient management. Areas covered: This paper describes the clinical manifestations of HSV infection often used for clinical diagnostic purposes. The paper then describes the evolution of laboratory diagnostic assays...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Catherine R H Aicken, Sebastian S Fuller, Lorna J Sutcliffe, Claudia S Estcourt, Voula Gkatzidou, Pippa Oakeshott, Kate Hone, S Tariq Sadiq, Pam Sonnenberg, Maryam Shahmanesh
BACKGROUND: Control of sexually transmitted infections (STI) is a global public health priority. Despite the UK's free, confidential sexual health clinical services, those at greatest risk of STIs, including young people, report barriers to use. These include: embarrassment regarding face-to-face consultations; the time-commitment needed to attend clinic; privacy concerns (e.g. being seen attending clinic); and issues related to confidentiality. A smartphone-enabled STI self-testing device, linked with online clinical care pathways for treatment, partner notification, and disease surveillance, is being developed by the eSTI(2) consortium...
2016: BMC Public Health
Nicola Low, Shelagh Redmond, Anneli Uusküla, Jan van Bergen, Helen Ward, Berit Andersen, Hannelore Götz
BACKGROUND: Genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Screening of sexually active young adults to detect and treat asymptomatic infections might reduce chlamydia transmission and prevent reproductive tract morbidity, particularly pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause tubal infertility and ectopic pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of chlamydia screening versus standard care on chlamydia transmission and infection complications in pregnant and non-pregnant women and in men...
September 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Heba AbdelKader Aminou, Yosra Hussein Alam-Eldin, Hanan Ahmed Hashem
Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan that is the aetiological agent of trichomoniasis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Currently, the compound of choice for the treatment of T. vaginalis infections is metronidazole, however, it has many side effects and an increase in metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis has been observed. Medicinal plants could be a source of new antiprotozoal drugs with high activity, low toxicity and lower price. The present work was carried out to investigate the therapeutic potential of Nigella sativa alcoholic extract and oil, as well as Phaseolus vulgaris (kidney bean) lectin and their in vitro activity on the ultrastructure of T...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
J S Jensen, M Cusini, M Gomberg, H Moi
Mycoplasma genitalium is a cause of 10-35% of non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis in men and in women, and is associated with cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Transmission of M. genitalium occurs through direct mucosal contact. In women, symptoms include vaginal discharge, dysuria or symptoms of PID - abdominal pain and dyspareunia. In men, urethritis, dysuria and discharge predominates. Asymptomatic infections are frequent. In this review, we present the evidence base for the recommendations in the 2016 European guideline on M...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Carlos Gual-Castro
Pregnancy interruption or abortion may be spontaneous or induced for medical, legal, demographic, and personal reasons. Different events that are present during the woman´s gravid period were described, paying attention to the differences in between fertilization and conception. These issues are very important because people or institutions mix these concepts and posit that pregnancy or conception starts at fertilization in opposition to the actual medical and scientific knowledge. In Mexico there are several millions of spontaneous and induced abortions without medical care, responsible for the high maternal-infant mortality rates...
July 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Breanne B Das, Jocelyn Ronda, Maria Trent
PURPOSE: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common disorder of the reproductive tract that is frequently misdiagnosed and inadequately treated. PID and its complications, such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain, are preventable by screening asymptomatic patients for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and promptly treating individuals with STIs and PID. RECENT FINDINGS: The rates of adverse outcomes in women with PID are high and disproportionately affect young minority women...
2016: Infection and Drug Resistance
Jing Feng, Joseph P Iser, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND: Despite today's heightened concern over opioid overdose, the lack of population-based data examining clinical and contextual factors associated with opioid use represents a knowledge gap with relevance to prevention and treatment interventions. We sought to quantify rates of emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient hospitalizations for harmful opioid effects and their sociodemographic differentials as well as clinical correlates in Southern Nevada, using ED visit and hospital inpatient discharge records from 2011 to 2013...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
(no author information available yet)
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States, with an estimated 820,000 new Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections occurring each year. Antimicrobial resistance limits treatment success, heightens the risk of complications, and may facilitate the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to the sulfonamides, the tetracyclines, and penicillin. Dual therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin remains the only recommended first-line regimen for the treatment of gonorrhea in the United States...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States, with an estimated 820,000 new Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections occurring each year. Antimicrobial resistance limits treatment success, heightens the risk of complications, and may facilitate the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to the sulfonamides, the tetracyclines, and penicillin. Dual therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin remains the only recommended first-line regimen for the treatment of gonorrhea in the United States...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Beata Mlynarczyk-Bonikowska
In the previous parts of the series the antiviral agents used in genital herpes, genital HPV infection and therapeutic options in HIV infections were presented. The sexual contact is one of the major routes in the transmission of hepatitis B and also possible in hepatitis C. This review has highlighted the mechanisms of action, clinical indications, and adverse effects of clinically available drugs for the management of HBV and HCV infections. Currently a revolution is happening in the treatment of chronic hepatitis, especially hepatitis C...
August 8, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Braira Wahid, Amjad Ali, Muhammad Idrees, Shazia Rafique
More than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired each day globally. Etiotropic drugs cannot effectively control infectious diseases therefore, there is a dire need to explore alternative strategies especially those based on the regulation of immune system. The review discusses all rational approaches to develop better understanding towards immunotherapeutic strategies based on modulation of immune system in an attempt to curb the elevating risk of infectious diseases such as HIV, HPV and HSV because of their high prevalence...
August 3, 2016: Cellular Immunology
Arlene M Butz, Charlotte Gaydos, Shang-En Chung, Betty H Johnson, Steven Huettner, Maria Trent
UNLABELLED: Objective To determine the level of nurse case management and outreach required to notify young women with sexually transmitted infection (STI) positive test results after pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and percent seeking treatment. METHODS: Participants (N = 153) were enrolled in a clinical trial of young women diagnosed with PID and followed for 3 months for recurrent STIs. Vaginal swabs were obtained at 1 and 3 months. All participants were notified of positive STIs at 1 and 3 months and treatment arranged...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Daniel J Escudero, Mark N Lurie, Kenneth H Mayer, Caleb Weinreb, Maximilian King, Sandro Galea, Samuel R Friedman, Brandon D L Marshall
OBJECTIVE: Estimates for the contribution of transmission arising from acute HIV infections (AHIs) to overall HIV incidence vary significantly. Furthermore, little is known about AHI-attributable transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID), including the extent to which interventions targeting chronic infections (e.g. HAART as prevention) are limited by AHI transmission. Thus, we estimated the proportion of transmission events attributable to AHI within the mature HIV epidemic among PWID in New York City (NYC)...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
Jessica A Slade, Jennifer V Hall, Jennifer Kintner, Regenia Phillips-Campbell, Robert V Schoborg
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted pathogen, but more than 70% of patients fail to seek treatment due to the asymptomatic nature of these infections. Women suffer from numerous complications from chronic chlamydial infections, which include pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. We previously demonstrated in culture that host cell nectin-1 knockdown significantly reduced chlamydial titers and inclusion size. Here, we sought to determine whether nectin-1 was required for chlamydial development in vivo by intravaginally infecting nectin-1-/- mice with Chlamydia muridarum and monitoring chlamydial shedding by chlamydial titer assay...
2016: PloS One
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