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Sexually transmitted disease treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220392/zika-virus-disease-and-associated-neurologic-complications
#1
REVIEW
Lindsey M Duca, J David Beckham, Kenneth L Tyler, Daniel M Pastula
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to review what is currently known about Zika virus (ZIKV) disease and associated neurologic complications. RECENT FINDINGS: ZIKV is a mosquito-borne or sexually transmitted flavivirus rapidly spreading throughout the Americas. While ZIKV infection is usually asymptomatic, it may cause a non-specific illness with fever, rash, myalgia, headache, and/or non-purulent conjunctivitis. Additionally, ZIKV has been associated with a number of neurologic complications including microcephaly and other birth defects, Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis, myelitis, and various ophthalmologic abnormalities...
January 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217614/somatic-symptoms-after-sexual-behavior-with-fear-of-four-sexually-transmitted-diseases-a-proposal-of-novel-disorder
#2
Kentaro Iwata, Yoshiaki Katsuda
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) often leads to frequent doctor visit not only to psychiatrists but also to various kinds of physicians. We encountered four cases of SSD, particularly associated with sexual intercourse and fear of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To best of our knowledge, there is no independent clinical entity assigned to this phenomenon. Here, we propose a variation of SSD called four STD as an independent clinical entity since the presentation of this disorder is very distinctive, and lack of awareness of it may lead to unnecessary laboratory workup and antimicrobial prescription as well as augmented anxiety of the patients with potential "doctor shopping...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198345/-a-woman-with-mohawks-on-the-vaginal-wall
#4
T C M de Sutter, A Logmans, I Dierickx
A 27-year-old female was seen with exophytic protrusions on the vaginal wall. Biopsy showed a squamous papilloma. This benign tumour is an expression of a non-oncogenic human papillomavirus infection. Although treatment is not necessary, screening for sexual transmitted diseases is advised.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185995/study-protocol-community-links-to-establish-alcohol-recovery-clear-for-women-leaving-jail
#5
Jennifer E Johnson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Bradley Anderson, Megan Kurth, Christine Timko, Michael Stein
PURPOSE: This article describes the protocol for a randomized effectiveness trial of a method to link alcohol use disordered women who are in pretrial jail detention with post-release 12-step mutual help groups. BACKGROUND: Jails serve 15 times more people per year than do prisons and have very short stays, posing few opportunities for treatment or treatment planning. Alcohol use is associated with poor post-jail psychosocial and health outcomes including sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, especially for women...
February 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176645/prevention-interventions-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-military-settings
#6
Michael Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Caroline Macera, Richard Shaffer
Military prevention programs and healthy living programs were developed in the mid-1980s to manage and support newly HIV-positive military personnel in the US military. Since then, a program developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with support from the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP), called Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention (PHDP), is currently being rolled out by DHAPP in partner militaries. The program, designed to reduce HIV transmission, is a package of interventions for people living with HIV (PLHIV), including risk reduction counseling, condom provision, disclosure counseling, testing of sexual partner(s) and children, adherence counseling, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, and provision of family planning services...
February 7, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166738/knowledge-of-hiv-infection-and-other-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-finland
#7
Tarja Suominen, Teppo Heikkinen, Marja Pakarinen, Anne-Mari Sepponen, Jari Kylmä
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe what is known about HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, infection transmission routes, care, and sources of information, from the viewpoint of men having sex with men. METHODS: National data (n = 2,072) was collected from June to August 2010 in Finland as part of a joint internet-based survey conducted in 38 countries (EMIS, European MSM Internet Sex Survey). RESULTS: The respondents' age, place of residence, highest education and employment status were statistically significantly related to how often the respondent sought information on HIV, testing and treatments, and what they knew about infection transmission routes...
February 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163288/clinical-significance-of-human-intestinal-spirochetosis-a-retrospective-study
#8
Satoko Umeda, Hiroshi Serizawa, Taku Kobayashi, Takahiko Toyonaga, Eiko Saito, Masaru Nakano, Hajime Higuchi, Satoshi Tsunematsu, Noriaki Watanabe, Toshifumi Hibi, Shojiro Morinaga
The clinical and pathological features of human intestinal spirochetosis (HIS) are not well known. Here we report 55 patients with HIS who were diagnosed at our institution during the past 5 years. Seven patients presented with symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea, while the others were incidentally diagnosed during screening colonoscopy. Most patients had non-specific endoscopic findings, including intestinal edema or erosion. The diagnosis of HIS was histologically confirmed via hematoxylin and eosin staining, periodic acid-Schiff staining, and/or immunohistochemistry using anti-Treponema pallidum antibody...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161356/a-retrospective-cross-sectional-quantitative-molecular-approach-in-biological-samples-from-patients-with-syphilis
#9
Miguel Pinto, Minia Antelo, Rita Ferreira, Jacinta Azevedo, Irene Santo, Maria José Borrego, João Paulo Gomes
Syphilis is the sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a pathogen highly adapted to the human host. As a multistage disease, syphilis presents distinct clinical manifestations that pose different implications for diagnosis. Nevertheless, the inherent factors leading to diverse disease progressions are still unknown. We aimed to assess the association between treponemal loads and dissimilar disease outcomes, to better understand syphilis. We retrospectively analyzed 309 DNA samples distinct anatomic sites associated with particular syphilis manifestations...
February 2, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134827/natural-products-as-new-treatment-options-for-trichomoniasis-a-molecular-docking-investigation
#10
Mary Snow Setzer, Kendall G Byler, Ifedayo Victor Ogungbe, William N Setzer
Trichomoniasis, caused by the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, is the most common non-viral sexually-transmitted disease, and there can be severe complications from trichomoniasis. Antibiotic resistance in T. vaginalis is increasing, but there are currently no alternatives treatment options. There is a need to discover and develop new chemotherapeutic alternatives. Plant-derived natural products have long served as sources for new medicinal agents, as well as new leads for drug discovery and development...
January 27, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120646/prevalence-and-the-associated-risk-factors-of-hiv-stis-and-hbv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kunming-china
#11
Xiujie Zhang, Manhong Jia, Min Chen, Hongbing Luo, Huichao Chen, Wei Luo, Wanyue Zhang, Yanling Ma, Chaojun Yang, Yanling Yang, Xiaobin Zhang, Jie Dai, Lijuan Dong, William Cw Wong, Pengfei Zhao, Lin Lu
To investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kunming, 300 MSM were recruited through community-based organizations between September 2014 and January 2015. The prevalence of HIV, HBsAg, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) were 17.0%, 7.7%, 11.3%, 18.2% and 13.2%, respectively. In the three different anatomic sites (urethra, rectum and pharynx), the prevalence of rectal CT was the highest (15...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117765/-sexuality-risk-factors-among-people-with-suspect-of-sexually-transmitted-disease
#12
María Ángeles Pérez-Morente, Esperanza Cano-Romero, María Teresa Sánchez-Ocón, Esperanza Castro-López, Francisco Jiménez-Bautista, César Hueso-Montoro
OBJECTIVE: Describing determinants factors in Sexually Transmitted Diseases is necessary to evaluate and design effective measures for prevention and treatment. The aim of this research was to determine the sexual risk factors of people who are treated at Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre and to analyze differences based on gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study on 496 clinical reports, period of time 2010 to 2014, of people who come to the Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Sexual Orientation Centre of Granada, for suspected of Sexually Transmitted Diseases...
January 25, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106821/a-protective-vaccine-against-chlamydia-genital-infection-using-vault-nanoparticles-without-an-added-adjuvant
#13
Janina Jiang, Guangchao Liu, Valerie A Kickhoefer, Leonard H Rome, Lin-Xi Li, Stephen J McSorley, Kathleen A Kelly
Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease, causing a significant burden to females due to reproductive dysfunction. Intensive screening and antibiotic treatment are unable to completely prevent female reproductive dysfunction, thus, efforts have become focused on developing a vaccine. A major impediment is identifying a safe and effective adjuvant which induces cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cells with attributes capable of halting genital infection and inflammation...
January 19, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099135/mycoplasma-ureaplasma-infection-in-pregnancy-to-screen-or-not-to-screen
#14
Gilbert G G Donders, Kateryna Ruban, Gert Bellen, Ljubomir Petricevic
Mycoplasmata have been linked to pregnancy complications and neonatal risk. While formerly a limited number of species could be discovered by cultures, molecular biology nowadays discovers both lower quantities and more diverse species, making us realize that mycoplasmata are ubiquitous in the vaginal milieu and do not always pose a danger for pregnant women. As the meaning of mycoplasmata in pregnancy is not clear to many clinicians, we summarized the current knowledge about the meaning of different kinds of mycoplasmata in pregnancy and discuss the potential benefits and disadvantages of treatment...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095879/treatment-seeking-behaviour-and-barriers-to-service-access-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jun-Jie Xu, Yan-Qiu Yu, Qing-Hai Hu, Hong-Jing Yan, Zhe Wang, Lin Lu, Ming-Hua Zhuang, Xi Chen, Ji-Hua Fu, Wei-Ming Tang, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Delayed or inappropriate treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) increases the risk of HIV acquisition and may cause other harmful outcomes. However, studies on STD treatment-seeking behaviour and correlated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) are scarce. This information is crucial for the promotion of STD treatment-seeking behaviour and reduction of HIV transmission among Chinese MSM. METHODS: During 2012-2013, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 Chinese cities...
January 18, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086915/comparative-study-in-infertile-couples-with-and-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection
#16
Yuanchang Zhu, Biao Yin, Tonghua Wu, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Yaou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis(C. trachomatis), is the most common sexually transmitted disease. The incidence is not clear due to the asymptomatic nature of early stage of infections. The incidence of Chlamydia has not been fully investigated in the Chinese Han population. Since chronic infection with can C. trachomatis can lead to infertility in males and females, it is important to determine the impact of infection on clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiology of C...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073612/gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-the-emergency-department-continued-need-for-more-focused-treatment-for-men-women-and-pregnant-women
#17
Sean P Wilson, Taher Vohra, McKenna Knych, Jared Goldberg, Christopher Price, Sean Calo, Meredith Mahan, Joseph Miller
INTRODUCTION: Delay in current nucleic acid amplification testing for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis has led to recommendations for presumptive treatment in patients with concern for infection and unreliable follow-up. In the urban setting, it is assumed that many patients have unreliable follow-up, therefore presumptive therapy is thought to be used frequently. We sought to measure the frequency of disease and accuracy of presumptive treatment for these infections. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study performed at an urban academic Level 1 trauma center ED with an annual census of 95,000 visits per year...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060446/successful-treatment-of-donor-derived-hepatitis-c-viral-infection-in-three-transplant-recipients-from-a-donor-at-increased-risk-for-bloodborne-pathogens
#18
Ashesh P Shah, Andrew Cameron, Pooja Singh, Adam M Frank, Jonathan M Fenkel
We report here the successful treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmitted from a nucleic acid testing (NAT)-negative donor to three HCV-negative recipients-two renal transplants and one liver. Both renal recipients underwent standard deceased-donor renal transplantation with immediate graft function. The liver recipient underwent standard orthotopic liver transplantation and recovered uneventfully. The donor was a 39-year-old woman with a terminal serum creatinine of 0.7 mg/dL. She was high risk for bloodborne pathogens, based upon a history of sexual contact with an HCV-infected male partner...
January 6, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043196/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-viral-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-seropositive-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#19
Shikha Chugh, Vijay Kumar Garg, Rashmi Sarkar, Kabir Sardana
Sexually transmitted diseases are a major public health problem both in developing and in developed countries, and especially with the co-synergy with HIV infection, there is an increasing need to have a proper understanding of the clinicodemographic patterns of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for planning and implementing control strategies. Worldwide, there is an increased preponderance of viral STIs. Increasing incidence and altered clinical presentation of viral STIs in patients with HIV pose a diagnostic challenge; thereby, we studied the demographic profile of HIV-seropositive patients and compared clinical manifestations of viral STIs in HIV-seropositive patients to those in seronegative individuals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033297/could-lengthening-minocycline-therapy-better-treat-early-syphilis
#20
Li-Li Shao, Rui Guo, Wei-Jie Shi, Yuan-Jun Liu, Bin Feng, Long Han, Quan-Zhong Liu
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. Minocycline, a representative tetracycline derivative, has the greatest antimicrobial activity among all tetracyclines. There are few reports about treating syphilis with minocycline because there is a lack of efficacy data from controlled trials. We compared the rates of serological cure in patients with early syphilis who were treated with minocycline or benzathine penicillin G (BPG).During the study period, a total of 40 syphilis patients received the BPG treatment, which was a single intramuscular dose of 2...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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