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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209376/-ethics-surrounding-the-provision-of-abortion-care
#1
REVIEW
Anibal Faúndes, Laura Miranda
The provision of abortion care represents a great ethical challenge to physicians, particularly in countries where the law states that abortion is a crime. The concept that it is a crime carries a stigma that is worse than that associated with other acts qualified by law as crimes. This stigma leads to at least two different kinds of unethical behavior. One is the refusal to provide safe abortion services to women who comply with the legal requirements, alleging conscientious objection, and the other is to discriminate against women with complications of induced abortion...
January 20, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195536/patient-autonomy-within-real-or-valid-consent-samira-kohli-s-case
#2
Supriya Subramani
In bioethics literature, the primary justification for the requirement of informed consent has been the protection of autonomous choices. To allow patients to be autonomous decision-makers, physicians are supposed to disclose and share information related to all treatment, procedures and risks. Advocates of the autonomy-based informed consent model argue that in informed consent cases, the disclosure of information should be according to the reasonable person standard or reasonable patient standard, rather than the average competent physician standard...
January 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195533/ethical-concerns-related-to-mandatory-reporting-of-sexual-violence
#3
N Jagadeesh, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Sangeeta Rege
The provision of care for survivors of sexual violence is a medico-legal emergency. However, due to social issues, healthcare providers face several ethical and legal dilemmas when administering care to such survivors at hospitals. Added to these are the compulsions under mandatory reporting laws, which oblige healthcare providers to abide by the ethical commitments of care and treatment, and make it mandatory for them to report cases of sexual violence to the police, failing which they face legal sanctions...
November 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194331/-the-invisible-participant-s-experiences-in-clinical-trials
#4
Sarojini Nadimpally, Divya Bhagianadh
BACKGROUND: The paper discussing the perspectives of clinical trial participants about the various aspects of CTs is based on the primary research conducted by Sama in 2012-13. METHODOLOGY: In-depth interviews were conducted with 36 CT participants from the states of New Delhi, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. In addition to CT participants, other key informants including investigators, representatives of Contract Research Organizations (CROs), sponsor, Ethics Committee (EC) members etc...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178953/human-rights-violations-in-organ-procurement-practice-in-china
#5
Norbert W Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C Allison, Huige Li
BACKGROUND: Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China's organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. DISCUSSION: We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174394/-past-present-and-future-of-national-clinical-database
#6
Tadashi Iwanaka
The National Clinical Database of Japan( NCD) was established in April 2010 in the collaboration of 9 surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society(JSS). Registrations began in 2011, and because NCD is strongly linked to the board certification system by JSS, the ratio of registration of surgical procedures is very high, over than 97%. To date, more than 4,000 facilities have enrolled and over 7 million cases were registered over a 5-year period. The analyses of NCD are compared to the foreign database, such as American College of Surgeon National Surgical Quality Improvement Program in the gastrointestinal (GI) surgical field, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database in the cardiovascular surgical field, with a goal of creating a standardized surgery database for quality improvement...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174202/ethics-rounds-ethical-concerns-when-minors-act-as-standardised-patients
#7
Erwin Jiayuan Khoo, Robert D Schremmer, Douglas S Diekema, John D Lantos
When minors are asked to assist medical educators by acting as standardized patients (SPs), there is a potential for the minors to be exploited. Minors deserve protection from exploitation. Such protection has been written into regulations governing medical research and into child labor laws. But there are no similar guidelines for minors' work in medical education. This article addresses the question of whether there should be rules. Should minors be required to give their informed consent or assent? Are there certain practices that could cause harm for the children who become SPs? We present a controversial case and ask a number of experts to consider the ethical issues that arise when minors are asked to act as SPs in medical education...
February 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155775/-oral-health-and-the-nurse-8217-s-role-in-qu-233-bec
#8
Hermina Harnagea
<ce:para>Various international health care organizations strongly recommend the implication of non-dental health care professionals in oral health. Consequently, nurses are currently often required to question their ability to manage patients’ oral health-related problems, as well as the very meaning of their management of patients in such situations. The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to the role of the nurse in the management of oral health. Professional associations and academic institutions involved in the development of nursing professional skills, and health policymakers involved in decisions concerning the geographical distribution of nursing personnel and adoption of laws in Quebec, act in a disconnected manner, independently from dental professionals and without taking into account the actual oral health care needs of the various categories of beneficiaries...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155225/accountability-for-maternal-healthcare-services-in-nigeria
#9
Onyema Afulukwe-Eruchalu
High maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) serve as objective indicators of the poor condition of women's health in any country and point to violations of human rights that are entrenched in national, regional, and global laws. For more than a decade, Nigeria has consistently been one of the top five listed countries with the highest MMRs in the world; in 2015, its MMR was estimated at 814 deaths per 100 000 live births, accounting for 19% of maternal deaths worldwide and approximately 58 000 deaths each year...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151522/-plagiarism-a-fools-errand
#10
EDITORIAL
Tom Jefferson, Luca De Fiore
An old Italian proverb states that lies have short legs. In other words, in the end you get found out. This is exactly what happened to an Italian researcher who acted as a referee for a manuscript submitted in 2015 to Annals of Internal Medicine. After a negative report (which presumably led to the rejection of the submission) he submitted a manuscript which was essentially the same. But he and his accomplices got found out and paraded in front of the world in an earth-shatteringly polite "Dear Plagiarist" letter by the first robbed author: Dr Michael Dansinger...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139284/french-jard%C3%A3-s-law-and-european-regulation-on-drug-trials-harmonization-and-implementation-of-new-rules
#11
Dominique Deplanque, Sophie Sénéchal-Cohen, François Lemaire
Jardé's law, concerning research studies in humans, was enacted in March 2012 but did not come into force until November 2016. This delay is largely explained by the adoption of a European regulation on clinical trials on medicinal products that will probably not be applicable until October 2018. In addition to covering the respective areas of the French and European legislation, the round table provided an opportunity to discuss the principal measures that will apply to future research, particularly those concerning the operational procedures of the ethics committees and the national committee for research in humans, as well as measures relating to the management of serious adverse effects, more specifically in phase I studies in subjects not presenting with any disorder...
January 3, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133698/non-therapeutic-infant-male-circumcision-evidence-ethics-and-international-law-perspective
#12
Alamin Berhanu, Abdullah Alkhenizan
[No Avaliable Abstract].
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130949/how-appropriate-is-all-this-data-sharing-building-consensus-around-what-we-need-to-know-about-shared-electronic-health-records-in-extended-circles-of-care
#13
Josephine McMurray, Kelly A Grindrod, Catherine Burns
BACKGROUND: The bulk of healthcare spending is on individuals who have complex needs related to age, income, chronic disease and mental illness. Care involves many different professions, and interoperable electronic health records (EHRs) are increasingly essential. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper is to describe the use of a nominal group technique (NGT) to develop a stakeholder-centred research agenda for clinical interoperability in extended circles of care that include social supports...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127025/law-and-ethics-out-of-context
#14
P Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124808/respecting-variations-in-embodiment-as-well-as-gender-beyond-the-presumed-binary-of-sex
#15
Elizabeth M Saewyc
Although societies and health care systems are increasingly recognizing gender outside traditional binary categories, the notion persists of two, and only two sexes, 'naturally' aligned between chromosomes and phenotypic body. Yet there are more than a dozen documented genetic or phenotypic variations that do not completely fit the two simplistic categories, and together, they may comprise 1%-2% of the population worldwide. In this commentary, I consider how adherence to binary notions of sex has created and maintained social and health care structures that perpetuate health care inequities, and may well violate our nursing codes of ethics...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111491/the-value-of-life-in-english-law-revered-but-not-sacred
#16
Rob Heywood, Alexandra Mullock
Terms such as sanctity and inviolability have failed to provide a legally coherent or ethically sound principle upon which to determine the scope of the intrinsic value of life against extrinsic, quality-of-life considerations in a medical context. In their recent work, Margaret Brazier and Suzanne Ost introduce a new term, reverence for life, which they suggest may be more appropriate when attempting to navigate the murky waters of the meaning of life and the value that should be attached to it. They suggest that reverence should be utilised as an alternative that better reflects the nuances and the realities of the dilemma...
December 2016: Legal Studies: the Journal of the Society of Legal Scholars
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107152/physician-encounters-with-human-trafficking-legal-consequences-and-ethical-considerations
#17
Jonathan Todres
There is growing recognition and evidence that health care professionals regularly encounter-though they may not identify-victims of human trafficking in a variety of health care settings. Identifying and responding appropriately to trafficking victims or survivors requires not only training in trauma-informed care but also consideration of the legal and ethical issues that arise when serving this vulnerable population. This essay examines three areas of law that are relevant to this case scenario: criminal law, with a focus on conspiracy; service provider regulations, with a focus on mandatory reporting laws; and human rights law...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104631/the-ethics-of-reporting-all-the-results-of-clinical-trials
#18
REVIEW
Iain Brassington
INTRODUCTION OR BACKGROUND: The terms 'publication bias' and 'reporting bias' describe aspects of a phenomenon by which data from trials are not publicized, and so remain inaccessible. This may generate a false impression about the world; but those facts may have important implications for clinical decisions. Thus, the bias may leave patients worse off than they might be. SOURCES OF DATA: Published journal articles. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: There is general agreement that the phenomenon happens, and that to the extent that it happens, it is undesirable for moral rather than simply epistemic reasons...
January 18, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099743/professionally-responsible-advocacy-for-professional-liability-law
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094826/response-to-dittrich-et-al-non-embryo-destructive-extraction-of-pluripotent-embryonic-stem-cells-overlooked-legal-prohibitions-professional-legal-consequences-and-inconsistencies-in-patent-law
#20
REVIEW
T Faltus, U Storz
The publication of "Non-embryo-destructive Extraction of Pluripotent Embryonic Stem Cells: Implications for Regenerative Medicine and Reproductive Medicine" by Dittrich et al. in Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 2015; 75: 1239-1242 1 describes various possibilities which could result from the non-embryo-destructive extraction of embryonic stem cells from human blastocysts. But implementing this method is more problematic, both legally and ethically, than the authors have represented it to be and is illegal in Germany...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
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