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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026672/intraoperative-navigation-guided-resection-of-anomalous-transverse-processes-in-patients-with-bertolotti-s-syndrome
#1
Harish Babu, Carlito Lagman, Terrence T Kim, Marshall Grode, J Patrick Johnson, Doniel Drazin
BACKGROUND: Bertolotti's syndrome is characterized by enlargement of the transverse process at the most caudal lumbar vertebra with a pseudoarticulation between the transverse process and sacral ala. Here, we describe the use of intraoperative three-dimensional image-guided navigation in the resection of anomalous transverse processes in two patients with Bertolotti's syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: Two patients diagnosed with Bertolotti's syndrome who had undergone the above-mentioned procedure were identified...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025132/most-relevant-neuropathic-pain-treatment-and-chronic-low-back-pain-management-guidelines-a-change-pain-latin-america-advisory-panel-consensus
#2
Cesar Amescua-Garcia, Frantz Colimon, Carlos Guerrero, Aziza Jreige Iskandar, Maria Berenguel Cook, Patricia Bonilla, Durval Campos Kraychete, William Delgado Barrera, Jose Alberto Flores Cantisani, John Jairo Hernandez-Castro, Argelia Lara-Solares, Concepcion Perez Hernandez, Maria Antonieta Rico, Maria Del Rocio Guillen Nunez, Manuel Sempertegui Gallegos, Joao Batista Santos Garcia
Objective: Chronic pain conditions profoundly affect the daily living of a significant number of people and are a major economic and social burden, particularly in developing countries. The Change Pain Latin America (CPLA) advisory panel aimed to identify the most appropriate guidelines for the treatment of neuropathic pain (NP) and chronic low back pain (CLBP) for use across Latin America. Methods: Published systematic reviews or practice guidelines were identified by a systematic search of PubMed, the Guidelines Clearinghouse, and Google...
August 24, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024881/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-the-effects-of-antenatal-reflexology-on-labour-outcomes
#3
Julie Em Mccullough, Ciara Close, S Dianne Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Ciara M Hughes
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effects of antenatal reflexology on labour outcomes. DESIGN: secondary analysis of a pilot three-armed randomised controlled trial conducted between July 2012 and September 2013. SETTING: a large UK inner city hospital maternity department. PARTICIPANTS: ninety primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy experiencing low back and / or pelvic girdle pain. INTERVENTIONS: six weekly 30-minute reflexology treatments compared to sham (footbath) treatments or usual antenatal care only...
September 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021675/surgical-treatment-of-bilateral-nondisplaced-isthmic-lysis-by-interlaminar-fixation-device
#4
Keyvan Mostofi, Reza Karimi Khouzani
STUDY DESIGN: Spondylolysis is a defect in the portion of pars interarticularis. The latter affects approximately 6% of the population. It is caused by repetitive trauma in hyperextension. Low back pain is the most common symptom. METHODS: We implanted interspinous process devices in 12 patients with isthmic lysis without spondylolisthesis for low back pain. The purpose of the surgery was to conduct a minimally invasive procedure. RESULTS: In eight cases, patients became asymptomatic...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020659/3d-gait-analysis-with-and-without-an-orthopedic-walking-boot
#5
H Gulgin, K Hall, A Luzadre, E Kayfish
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic walking boots have been widely used in place of traditional fiberglass casts for a variety of orthopedic injuries and post-surgical interventions. These walking boots create a leg length discrepancy (LLD). LLD has been shown to alter the kinematics and kinetics of gait and are associated with lumbar and lower limb conditions such as: foot over pronation, low back pain, scoliosis, and osteoarthritis of the hip and knee joints. Past gait analyses research with orthopedic boots is limited to findings on the ipsilateral limb...
October 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019017/leptospirosis-associated-catastrophic-respiratory-failure-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#6
Tamara Cantwell, Andrés Ferre, Nicolette Van Sint Jan, Rodrigo Blamey, Jorge Dreyse, Cristian Baeza, Rodrigo Diaz, Tomás Regueira
A previously healthy, 39-year-old obese farmer, arrived hypotensive and tachycardic, with fever, myalgia, headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and progressive dyspnea. Ten days before symptoms onset, he was in direct contact with mice and working in a contaminated drain. Patient laboratory showed acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. Chest X-ray exhibited bilateral diffuse interstitial infiltrates. First-line empirical antibiotics were started and influenza discarded. Patient evolved with severe respiratory failure, associated with hemoptysis, and rapidly severe hemodynamic compromise...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016867/the-response-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-to-neuromodulation-is-altered-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-study
#7
Siobhan M Schabrun, Emma Burns, Tribikram Thapa, Paul Hodges
Objective: Neuromodulation is increasingly investigated for the treatment of low back pain (LBP). However, the neurophysiological effects of common neuromodulatory techniques (anodal transcranial direct current stimulation [tDCS] and peripheral electrical stimulation [PES]) have not been investigated in people with chronic LBP. Here we aimed to compare the effect of three neuromodulatory protocols (anodal tDCS, high intensity PES, and a priming protocol of combined tDCS/PES) on primary motor cortex (M1) excitability in people with and without chronic LBP...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994143/correlates-of-physical-activity-among-depressed-older-people-in-six-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, James Mugisha, Nathalie Swinnen, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA) in older people with depression, many do not comply with the International PA guidelines. Thus, we investigated what factors influence PA participation among 915 community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥65 years) with depression in 6 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. The sample was restricted to those with DSM-IV depression or receiving depression treatment in the last 12 months...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993681/equiaxial-strain-modulates-adipose-derived-stem-cell-differentiation-within-3d-biphasic-scaffolds-towards-annulus-fibrosus
#9
Mostafa Elsaadany, Kayla Winters, Sarah Adams, Alexander Stasuk, Halim Ayan, Eda Yildirim-Ayan
Recurrence of intervertebral disc (IVD) herniation is the most important factor leading to chronic low back pain and subsequent disability after discectomy. Efficacious annulus fibrosus (AF) repair strategy that delivers cells and biologics to IVD injury site is needed to limit the progression of disc degeneration and promote disc self-regeneration capacities after discectomy procedures. In this study, a biphasic mechanically-conditioned scaffold encapsulated with human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) is studied as a potential treatment strategy for AF defects...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993113/the-cognitive-impact-of-chronic-low-back-pain-positive-effect-of-multidisciplinary-pain-therapy
#10
Marcus Schiltenwolf, Michael Akbar, Eva Neubauer, Simone Gantz, Herta Flor, Andreas Hug, Haili Wang
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the affected cognitive problems in chronic low back pain patients. For this patient cohort research mostly focused on memory of pain, rather than cognitive difficulties related to pain. Chronic pain may be associated with specific (yet undefined) cognitive deficits that affect everyday behaviour. We set out to compare the cognitive function of patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) in the course of multidisciplinary pain treatments before and after therapy...
October 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989073/psychological-features-and-their-relationship-to-movement-based-subgroups-in-people-living-with-low-back-pain
#11
Nicholas V Karayannis, Gwendolen A Jull, Michael K Nicholas, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of higher psychological risk features within movement-based subgroups for people with Low Back Pain (LBP) DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Participants were recruited from physiotherapy clinics and community advertisements. Measures were collected at a university outpatient-based physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 102 people seeking treatment for LBP INTERVENTIONS: Participants were subgrouped according to three classification schemes: Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT), Treatment Based Classification (TBC) and O'Sullivan Classification (OSC)...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987417/-radicular-pain-caused-by-schm%C3%A3-rl-s-node-a-case-report
#12
Saeyoung Kim, Seungwon Jang
Schmörl's node is focal herniation of intervertebral disc through the end plate into the vertebral body. Most of the established Schmörl's nodes are quiescent. However, disc herniation into the vertebral marrow can cause low back pain by irritating a nociceptive system. Schmörl's node induced radicular pain is very rare condition. Some cases of Schmörl's node which generated low back pain or radicular pain were treated by surgical methods. In this article, authors reported a rare case of a patient with radicular pain cause by Schmörl's node located inferior surface of the 5th lumbar spine...
October 4, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984734/a-comparison-of-back-pain-functional-scale-with-roland-morris-disability-questionnaire-oswestry-disability-index-and-short-form-36-health-survey
#13
Meltem Koç, Banu Bayar, Kılıçhan Bayar
STUDY DESIGN: A comparison study of Back Pain Functional Scale (BPFS) with Roland Morris Questionnaire (RMQ), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Short Form 36-Health Survey (SF-36). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation of BPFS with RMQ, ODI and SF-36. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The primary goal in the treatment of patients with low back pain is to improve the patients' levels of activities and participation...
October 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983415/bilharzial-arthropathy-rare-cause-of-chronic-arthritis-in-tropical-areas
#14
Hoby N Rakotomalala, Maminirina V Ranaivoarison, Francia Andrianjafison, Dimby S Ralandison
Bilharziasis is a parasitic disease that affects the urinary tract and intestines. Finding bilharzia in joints is exceptional. We report two cases of Malagasy patients living in a highly endemic bilharziasis area and having chronic arthritis due to bilharziasis. The first case was a 32-year-old man presenting with a clinical picture of spondylitis with chronic oligoarthritis and paroxysmal asymmetric in his lower limbs, accompanied with sacroiliac pain and episodic dysentery. We retained the diagnosis of bilharziasis arthritis because of positive schistosomiasis serology in the joint fluid and the blood, poor response to therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and high efficacy of treatment with specific antiparasitic drugs...
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978269/human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-pre-treated-with-il-1%C3%AE-and-stimulated-with-bmp-3-enhance-chondrogenesis
#15
Daphne Hingert, Helena Barreto Henriksson, Helena Brisby
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most common ailments in western countries afflicting more than 80% of the population and the main cause is considered to be degeneration of intervertebral discs (IVDs). IL-1β is a vital inflammatory cytokine found in abundance in degenerated disc environment whereas BMP-3 is believed to promote chondrogenesis through TGF-β pathway. AIM: The aim was to study the effects of BMP-3, IL-1β and combination (pre-treatment with IL-1β) on hMSCs encapsulated in PuraMatrix™ hydrogel (Phg) especially in the absence of TGF-β in order to investigate the proliferation, and differentiation ability of hMSCs over 28 days period...
October 5, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969626/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-with-a-standardized-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-fruit-ayuflex-%C3%A2-on-joint-mobility-comfort-and-functional-capacity-in-healthy-overweight-subjects-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
H L Lopez, S M Habowski, J E Sandrock, B Raub, A Kedia, E J Bruno, T N Ziegenfuss
BACKGROUND: Joint and connective tissue integrity, comfort and function are paramount to optimal performance in exercise, recreational and occupational activities. The fruit of Terminalia chebula has been used extensively in various traditional health systems for different ailments, with additional preclinical and clinical data demonstrating antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a standardized aqueous extract of Terminalia chebula fruit (AyuFlex®) dietary supplementation on joint mobility, comfort, and functional capacity in healthy overweight subjects...
October 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968232/the-effect-of-kinesio%C3%A2-taping-on-pain-functionality-mobility-and-endurance-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Fahri Köroğlu, Tuğba Kuru Çolak, M Gülden Polat
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the most important causes of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Kinesio® taping on pain, functionality, mobility and endurance in chronic low back pain treatment. METHODS: Patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into three groups. Therapeutic ultrasound, hot packs, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation were applied to each group for ten sessions during two weeks, and therapeutic exercises were applied in the clinic under physiotherapist supervision starting from the sixth session...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968228/efficacy-of-kinesiotape-on-functional-disability-of-women-with-postnatal-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Eman A Mohamed, Fayiz F El-Shamy, Hany Hamed
BACKGROUND: Postpartum low back pain harmfully affects all parts of women's life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of kinesiotape on women with postnatal backache. METHODS: Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either group (A; n= 15), treated by kinesiotape with exercise program, or the group (B; n= 15), treated by exercise program. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Back Pain Function Scale (BPFS) were evaluated.at baseline and after 2 weeks of intervention...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967362/pain-management-in-rheumatology-research-training-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
David G Borenstein, Afton L Hassett, David Pisetsky
The Pain Management Task Force of the American College of Rheumatology published a report in 2010 highlighting pain management as a fundamental aspect of clinical practice, training and research. In the interim, the consideration of pain as a focus of attention of rheumatologists and rheumatology health professionals has become even more challenging than in 2010 because of the epidemic of opiate addiction and overdose death. The characterisation of categories of pain by mechanism (e.g., inflammation, joint degeneration, abnormalities of central pain processing) can help guide treatment...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963300/influence-of-allocation-concealment-and-intention-to-treat-analysis-on-treatment-effects-of-physical-therapy-interventions-in-low-back-pain-randomised-controlled-trials-a-protocol-of-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#20
Matheus Oliveira Almeida, Bruno T Saragiotto, Chris G Maher, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
INTRODUCTION: Meta-epidemiological studies examining the influence of methodological characteristics, such as allocation concealment and intention-to-treat analysis have been performed in a large number of healthcare areas. However, there are no studies investigating these characteristics in physical therapy interventions for patients with low back pain. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of allocation concealment and the use of intention-to-treat analysis on estimates of treatment effects of physical therapy interventions in low back pain clinical trials...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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