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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456676/-cordyceps-sinensis-inhibits-airway-remodeling-in-rats-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Lei Yang, Xingai Jiao, Jinxiang Wu, Jiping Zhao, Tian Liu, Jianfeng Xu, Xiaohui Ma, Liuzao Cao, Lin Liu, Yahui Liu, Jingyu Chi, Minfang Zou, Shuo Li, Jiawei Xu, Liang Dong
Cordyceps sinensis is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine that has been used for centuries in Asia as a tonic to soothe the lung for the treatment of respiratory diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of C. sinensi s on airway remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Rats with COPD were orally administered C. sinensis at low, moderate or high doses (2.5, 5 or 7.5 g/kg/day, respectively) for 12 weeks. Airway tissue histopathology, lung inflammation and airway remodeling were evaluated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456664/jinwei-tang-modulates-hdac2-expression-in-a-rat-model-of-copd
#2
Jianjun Wu, Xin Li, Yang Qin, Juan Cheng, Gaimei Hao, Ruifeng Jin, Chenjun Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM), named Jinwei Tang on histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) and its role in the regulation of corticosteroid resistance in a rat model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups (each n=10): COPD group, established by the intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide and passive smoke exposure, and control, budesonide, theophylline + budesonide and Jinwei Tang + budesonide groups...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454913/restoring-th17-treg-balance-via-modulation-of-stat3-and-stat5-activation-contributes-to-the-amelioration-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-by-bufei-yishen-formula
#3
Peng Zhao, Jiansheng Li, Yange Tian, Jing Mao, Xuefang Liu, Suxiang Feng, Junzi Li, Qingqing Bian, Huige Ji, Lanxi Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Bufei Yishen formula (BYF), a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), has been extensively applied in clinical treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and provides an effective treatment strategy for the syndrome of lung-kidney qi deficiency in COPD patients. Here, we investigated its anti-COPD mechanism in COPD rats in relation to the balance between T helper (Th) 17 cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells. METHODS: Rat model of cigarette smoke- and bacterial infection-induced COPD was established, and orally treated with BYF for 12 consecutive weeks...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450591/occurrence-of-pneumonitis-following-radiotherapy-of-breast-cancer-a-prospective-study
#4
Danijela Vasiljevic, Christoph Arnold, David Neuman, Katharina Fink, Marina Popovscaia, Irma Kvitsaridze, Meinhard Nevinny-Stickel, Markus Glatzer, Peter Lukas, Thomas Seppi
AIM: of this study is to determine the temporal resolution of therapy-induced pneumonitis, and to assess promoting factors in adjuvant treated patients with unilateral mammacarcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 post-surgery patients were recruited. The cohort was treated by 2 field radiotherapy (2FRT; breast and chest wall, N = 75), 3 field radiotherapy (3FRT; + supraclavicular lymphatic region, N = 8), or with 4 field radiotherapy (4FRT; + parasternal lymphatic region, N = 17)...
February 15, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448254/microarray-expression-profile-of-circular-rnas-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-active-tuberculosis-patients
#5
Zi-Kun Huang, Fang-Yi Yao, Jian-Qing Xu, Zhen Deng, Ri-Gu Su, Yi-Ping Peng, Qing Luo, Jun-Ming Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysregulated expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) was demonstrated to be implicated in many diseases. Here, we aimed to determine circRNA profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from active tuberculosis (TB) patients to identify novel biomarkers for TB. METHODS: Expression profile of circRNAs in PBMCs from 3 active pulmonary TB patients and 3 healthy controls were analyzed by microarray assay. Six circRNAs were selected for validation using real time-quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) in 40 TB patients and 40 control subjects...
February 9, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448096/ampk-alleviates-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-by-inducing-the-er-chaperone-orp150-via-foxo1-to-protect-human-bronchial-cells-from-apoptosis
#6
Ji-Qiang Liu, Li Zhang, Ji Yao, Shuo Yao, Ting Yuan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is characterized by inflammation of airways accompanied by a progressive destruction of lung parenchyma. This process is initiated in most cases by cigarette smoking. In this study we investigated the role of AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced airway epithelial cell apoptosis as a consequence of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress). Exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEpC) to CSE resulted in apoptosis as detected using Annexin V-PI flow cytometry...
February 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445539/the-clinical-usefulness-of-a-self-administered-questionnaire-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease
#7
Cathy Zhang, Michelle Ramsay, Panagis Drakatos, Joerg Steier
Background: Patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD) are at risk of developing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with hypercapnic respiratory failure. We hypothesised that a self-administered questionnaire (SiNQ-5 scores) may be useful to assess patients who are established on treatment for NMD with SDB. Methods: Patients attending a tertiary referral centre filled in the SiNQ-5 (range 0-10 points, lower scores indicating fewer symptoms). The questionnaire contains five questions related to breathlessness, sleep and posture...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445275/burden-of-copd-in-nepal
#8
Tara Ballav Adhikari, Dinesh Neupane, Per Kallestrup
Background: COPD is a globally significant public health problem and is the second leading cause of mortality. This study presents the health burden of COPD in Nepal using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2016 dataset. Methods: This study used the data from the GBD repository presenting morbidity and mortality attributed to COPD, by sex and age. In GBD 2016, due to a lack of the primary source of data in Nepal, estimations on morbidity and mortality of COPD were based on its predictive covariates...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445274/endoplasmic-reticulum-chaperone-grp78-mediates-cigarette-smoke-induced-necroptosis-and-injury-in-bronchial-epithelium
#9
Yong Wang, Jie-Sen Zhou, Xu-Chen Xu, Zhou-Yang Li, Hai-Pin Chen, Song-Min Ying, Wen Li, Hua-Hao Shen, Zhi-Hua Chen
Introduction: Bronchial epithelial cell death and airway inflammation induced by cigarette smoke (CS) have been involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. GRP78, belonging to heat shock protein 70 family, has been implicated in cell death and inflammation, while little is known about its roles in COPD. Here, we demonstrate that GRP78 regulates CS-induced necroptosis and injury in bronchial epithelial cells. Materials and methods: GRP78 and necroptosis markers were examined in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cell line, primary mouse tracheal epithelial cells, and mouse lungs...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443750/effect-and-safety-of-roflumilast-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-chinese-patients
#10
Dong-Yang Liu, Zhi-Guo Wang, Yuan Gao, Hui-Min Zhang, Yu-Xiang Zhang, Xiao-Jun Wang, Dan Peng
BACKGROUND: This trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roflumilast for treating Chinese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A total of 120 patients with COPD were recruited and were randomly divided into 2 groups (an intervention group and a placebo group) at a 1:1 ratio. Patients received either roflumilast or placebo 500 μg once daily for a total of 12 months. The primary outcome was lung function, measured by the change from baseline of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FVC = forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEF25-75%...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443334/copd-in-primary-care-key-considerations-for-optimized-management-treatment-options-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-current-recommendations-and-unmet-needs
#11
REVIEW
Barbara Yawn, Victor Kim
Primary care physicians manage the care of approximately 80% of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This provides the opportunity to engage patients in management goal-setting that facilitates more tailored treatments, and can improve adherence to therapy, which is historically poor in patients with COPD, thereby improving outcomes.
February 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443332/copd-in-primary-care-key-considerations-for-optimized-management-anxiety-and-depression-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-recognition-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Alan Kaplan, Nicola A Hanania
Ensuring that anxiety and depression are recognized and treated effectively in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is essential for optimizing outcomes. Primary care practitioners are well placed to diagnose anxiety and depression, and to ensure these conditions are suitably managed alongside treatments of COPD.
February 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442524/exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-cardiac-events-a-cohort-analysis
#13
Ken M Kunisaki, Mark T Dransfield, Julie A Anderson, Robert D Brook, Peter M A Calverley, Bartolome R Celli, Courtney Crim, Benjamin F Hartley, Fernando J Martinez, David E Newby, Alexa A Pragman, Jørgen Vestbo, Julie C Yates, Dennis E Niewoehner
RATIONALE: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are common, associated with acute inflammation, and may increase subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. OBJECTIVE: Determine if AECOPD events are associated with increased risk of subsequent CVD. METHODS: A secondary cohort analysis of the Study to Understand Mortality and MorbidITy (SUMMIT) trial, a convenience sample of current/former smokers with moderate COPD from 1,368 centers in 43 countries...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442082/comparative-analysis-of-salivary-sialic-acid-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-chronic-periodontitis-patients-a-biochemical-study
#14
Surekha Rathod, Tony Shori, Trupti Satish Sarda, Anubha Raj, Padmaja Jadhav
Aim: Sialic acid plays a central role in the functioning of biological systems, in stabilizing the glycoproteins and cellular membranes, assisting in cell-cell recognition and interaction. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the periodontal health status and salivary Sialic acid levels in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: Ninety subjects were included in the study, which were divided into the following groups, 30 in each group...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440887/long-term-health-related-quality-of-life-and-symptom-response-profiles-with-arformoterol-in-copd-results-from-a-52-week-trial
#15
James F Donohue, Vamsi K Bollu, Donald E Stull, Lauren M Nelson, Valerie Sl Williams, Michael D Stensland, Nicola A Hanania
Background: Symptom severity is the largest factor in determining subjective health in COPD. Symptoms (eg, chronic cough, dyspnea) are associated with decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We evaluated the impact of arformoterol on HRQoL in COPD patients, measured by St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Post hoc growth mixture model (GMM) analysis examined symptom response profiles. Methods: We examined data from a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, 12-month safety trial of twice-daily nebulized arformoterol 15 µg (n=420) versus placebo (n=421)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440886/missed-diagnosis-and-overtreatment-of-copd-among-smoking-primary-care-population-in-central-greece-old-problems-persist
#16
Eirini Stafyla, Ourania S Kotsiou, Konstantina Deskata, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
Background: The diagnosis of COPD is not always consistent with the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) strategy in daily clinical practice, especially in primary care. This study aimed to estimate the overall COPD prevalence and severity, to identify differences between newly and previously diagnosed patients, and to evaluate the potential COPD overtreatment in a smoking population attending a primary care spirometry surveillance program. Methods: A study was conducted in 10 primary health care centers of Central Greece during a 7-month period...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440882/the-distribution-of-blood-eosinophil-levels-in-a-japanese-copd-clinical-trial-database-and-in-the-rest-of-the-world
#17
Neil Barnes, Takeo Ishii, Nobuyuki Hizawa, Dawn Midwinter, Mark James, Emma Hilton, Paul W Jones
Background: Blood eosinophil measurements may help to guide physicians on the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Emerging data suggest that COPD patients with higher blood eosinophil counts may be at higher risk of exacerbations and more likely to benefit from combined ICS/long-acting beta 2 -agonist (LABA) treatment than therapy with a LABA alone. This analysis describes the distribution of blood eosinophil count at baseline in Japanese COPD patients in comparison with non-Japanese COPD patients...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439648/effect-of-12-weeks-of-once-daily-tiotropium-olodaterol-on-exercise-endurance-during-constant-work-rate-cycling-and-endurance-shuttle-walking-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
François Maltais, Denis O'Donnell, Juan Bautista Gáldiz Iturri, Anne-Marie Kirsten, Dave Singh, Alan Hamilton, Kay Tetzlaff, Yihua Zhao, Richard Casaburi
BACKGROUND: The TORRACTO ® study evaluated the effects of tiotropium/olodaterol versus placebo on endurance time during constant work-rate cycling and constant speed shuttle walking in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after 12 weeks of treatment. METHODS: The effects of once-daily tiotropium/olodaterol (2.5/5 and 5/5 μg) on endurance time during constant work-rate cycle ergometry (CWRCE) after 6 and 12 weeks of treatment were compared with placebo in patients with COPD in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437007/blood-eosinophils-as-biomarkers-to-drive-treatment-choices-in-asthma-and-copd
#19
Francesco Patalano, Konstantinos Kostikas, Caterina Brindicci
Both asthma and COPD are complex, heterogeneous conditions comprising a wide range of phenotypes, some of which are refractory to currently available treatments. Elucidation of these phenotypes and identification of biomarkers with which to recognize them and guide appropriate treatment remains a priority. This review describes the utility of blood eosinophils as a surrogate biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation, a common feature of specific asthma and COPD phenotypes. The role of blood eosinophils in airway disease is described, as is their relevance in reflecting airway eosinophilia...
February 12, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434420/smoking-related-stigma-expressed-by-physiotherapists-toward-individuals-with-lung-disease
#20
Bethany Bass, Elizabeth Lake, Chelsea Elvy, Sarah Fodemesi, Mara Iacoe, Emilie Mazik, Dina Brooks, Annemarie Lee
Purpose: We determined the extent and nature of stigma exhibited by a sample of Canadian cardiorespiratory physiotherapists toward people with lung disease who had a smoking history. Method: A quantitative online survey was distributed to Canadian cardiorespiratory physiotherapists, and an anti-smoking attitudes questionnaire was used to measure explicit stigma. We used two case studies with questions to measure implicit stigma. The first involved a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and a smoking history, and the second described a patient with COPD with no smoking history...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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