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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318474/the-growing-disconnect-between-food-prices-and-wages-in-europe-cross-national-analysis-of-food-deprivation-and-welfare-regimes-in-twenty-one-eu-countries-2004-2012
#1
Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, David Stuckler
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity has been rising across Europe following the Great Recession, but to varying degrees across countries and over time. The reasons for this increase are not well understood, nor are what factors might protect people's access to food. Here we test the hypothesis that an emerging gap between food prices and wages can explain increases in reported inability to afford protein-rich foods and whether welfare regimes can mitigate its impact. DESIGN: We collected data in twenty-one countries from 2004 to 2012 using two databases: (i) on food prices and deprivation related to food (denoted by reported inability to afford to eat meat, chicken, fish or a vegetarian equivalent every second day) from EuroStat 2015 edition; and (ii) on wages from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2015 edition...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318184/preventing-childhood-obesity-contributions-from-the-social-sciences-to-intervention
#2
Muriel Lamarque, Alicia Bibiana Orden
Programming and implementation of health policies for the prevention of overweight and obesity have traditionally focused on the dissemination of specific messages identifying healthy foods and pointing out the importance of physical activity. Despite recurrent efforts, the prevalence of obesity in both adult and children populations continues to rise. The configuration of preventive proposals seems to neglect the more complex reality of the eating phenomenon, whose nature goes beyond its biological basis. Behind the presence of overweight or obesity, there are factors that exceed individual behaviors, which are constituted as elements of social order...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317483/a-critical-review-of-bioactive-food-components-and-of-their-functional-mechanisms-biological-effects-and-health-outcomes
#3
Rosa Pérez-Gregorio, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Eating behaviours are closely related to some medical conditions potentially leading to death such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Healthy eating practices, maintaining a normal weight, and regular physical activity could prevent up to 80% of coronary heart disease, 90% of type-2 diabetes and one-third of all cancers[1]. METHOD: Over the last two decades, the food industry has invested much effort in research and development of healthier, more nutritious foods...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315885/advancement-in-texture-in-early-complementary-feeding-and-the-relevance-to-developmental-outcomes
#4
Jordan R Green, Meg Simione, Benjamin Le Révérend, Erin M Wilson, Brian Richburg, Marc Alder, Mirna Del Valle, Chrystel Loret
A child's transition to independent eating is a protracted process that progresses over the course of many years. Although major health agencies, such as the World Health Organization, now offer clear guidance when to begin introducing solids, advice about how to safely transition to progressively challenging foods is varied and comes from a staggering number of sources. The resulting conflicting views have promoted parental confusion and anxiety about what foods are appropriate and when to advance to new textures...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315845/icarus-study-prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-impulse-control-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Angelo Antonini, Paolo Barone, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Karin Annoni, Mahnaz Asgharnejad, Paolo Stanzione
BACKGROUND: Impulse control disorders/other compulsive behaviours ('ICD behaviours') occur in Parkinson's disease (PD), but prospective studies are scarce, and prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients are insufficiently defined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of ICD behaviours over a 2-year period, and evaluate patients' clinical characteristics. METHODS: A prospective, non-interventional, multicentre study (ICARUS (Impulse Control disorders And the association of neuRopsychiatric symptoms, cognition and qUality of life in ParkinSon disease); SP0990) in treated Italian PD outpatients...
April 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315417/higher-bmi-is-associated-with-stronger-effects-of-social-cues-on-everyday-snacking-behaviour
#6
Benjamin Schüz, Sarah Revell, Andrew P Hills, Natalie Schüz, Stuart G Ferguson
Discretionary food choices (snacks) contribute up to a third of the daily energy intake and potentially contribute to energy imbalance and weight gain. Individual snack intake behaviour is guided by internal and external cues, with social cues (seeing others eat, being alone) consistently showing large effects. A wide body of (mainly laboratory-based) research suggests marked differences in people's response to eating cues based on BMI. Here, we show that these BMI differences in cue responsiveness also pertain to everyday snacking behaviour...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#7
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303698/dietary-habits-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#8
Rafał Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Dorota Różańska
Background: The World Health Organization considers an unhealthy diet to be related to the risk of cardiovascular diseases development. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habits among Wroclaw Medical University students with a view towards the nutritional risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Material and Methods: The study was conducted between the years 2004-2012. The study group consisted of 892 women and 276 men...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301520/the-structure-dynamics-and-selectivity-profile-of-a-nav1-7-potency-optimised-huwentoxin-iv-variant
#9
Sassan Rahnama, Jennifer R Deuis, Fernanda C Cardoso, Venkatraman Ramanujam, Richard J Lewis, Lachlan D Rash, Glenn F King, Irina Vetter, Mehdi Mobli
Venom-derived peptides have attracted much attention as potential lead molecules for pharmaceutical development. A well-known example is Huwentoxin-IV (HwTx-IV), a peptide toxin isolated from the venom of the Chinese bird-eating spider Haplopelma schmitdi. HwTx-IV was identified as a potent blocker of a human voltage-gated sodium channel (hNaV1.7), which is a genetically validated analgesic target. The peptide was promising as it showed high potency at NaV1.7 (IC50 ~26 nM) and selectivity over the cardiac NaV subtype (NaV1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298539/nonresponse-and-underreporting-errors-increase-over-the-data-collection-week-based-on-paradata-from-the-national-household-food-acquisition-and-purchase-survey
#10
Mengyao Hu, Garrett W Gremel, John A Kirlin, Brady T West
Background: Food acquisition diary surveys are important for studying food expenditures, factors affecting food acquisition decisions, and relations between these decisions with selected measures of health (e.g., body mass index, self-reported health). However, to our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the errors associated with these diary surveys, which can bias survey estimates and research findings. The use of paradata, which has been largely ignored in previous literature on diary surveys, could be useful for studying errors in these surveys...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292531/stress-overeating-and-obesity-insights-from-human-studies-and-preclinical-models
#11
REVIEW
Maria Razzoli, Carolyn Pearson, Scott Crow, Alessandro Bartolomucci
Eating disorders and obesity have become predominant in human society. Their association to modern lifestyle, encompassing calorie-rich diets, psychological stress, and comorbidity with major diseases are well documented. Unfortunately the biological basis remains elusive and the pharmacological treatment inadequate, in part due to the limited availability of valid animal models. Human research on binge eating disorder (BED) proves a strong link between stress exposure and bingeing: state-levels of stress and negative affect are linked to binge eating in individuals with BED both in laboratory settings and the natural environment...
March 11, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289436/lifestyle-factors-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Adrian Heald, John Pendlebury, Simon Anderson, Vinesh Narayan, Mark Guy, Martin Gibson, Peter Haddad, Mark Livingston
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease is more common in patients with schizophrenia than the general population. AIM: The purpose of the study was to assess lifestyle factors, including diet and exercise, in patients with schizophrenia and estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a representative group of outpatients with schizophrenia in Salford, UK. An interview supplemented by questionnaires was used to assess diet, physical activity, and cigarette and alcohol use...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#13
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288657/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-food-diary-application-using-objectively-measured-energy-expenditure
#14
Felicity J Pendergast, Nicola D Ridgers, Anthony Worsley, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment methods are limited in their ability to adequately measure food and beverage consumption. Smartphone applications may provide a novel method of dietary assessment to capture real-time food intake and the contextual factors surrounding eating occasions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the capability of a Smartphone meal diary app ("FoodNow") to measure food intake using a validated objective method for assessing energy expenditure among young adults...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284879/skipping-breakfast-reduces-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-healthy-women-who-are-habitual-breakfast-eaters-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#15
Eiichi Yoshimura, Yoichi Hatamoto, Satomi Yonekura, Hiroaki Tanaka
Many epidemiological studies indicate a positive relationship between skipping breakfast (SB) and obesity. However, it is unclear whether SB affects energy intake and physical activity during the day. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the acute effects of SB on energy intake and physical activity under free-living conditions. The present study used a randomized, crossover trial design comparing eating breakfast (EB) and SB days. Twenty lean, healthy women 21-25years old who were habitual breakfast eaters (≥5daysperweek) took part in this study...
March 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282555/beauty-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-using-facial-electromyography-to-examine-the-association-between-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-emaciation-among-undergraduate-women
#16
Dorian R Dodd, Elizabeth A Velkoff, Lauren N Forrest, Lauren M Fussner, April Smith
Thin-ideal internalization, drive for thinness, and over-evaluation of the importance of thinness are associated with eating disorders (EDs). However, little research has examined to what extent perceptions of emaciation are also associated with ED symptoms. In the present study, 80 undergraduate women self-reported on ED symptomatology and perceptions of emaciated, thin, and overweight female bodies. While participants viewed images of these different body types, facial electromyography was used to measure activation of facial muscles associated with disgust reactions...
March 7, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281883/exploring-the-association-between-eating-disorders-and-gender-dysphoria-in-youth
#17
Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond, Mark L Norris
This study reviews the overlap between eating disorders (EDs) and gender dysphoria (GD) in an adolescent population. A retrospective chart review was conducted on a clinical population presenting for concerns of GD. It was noted that five of the 97 patients had been found to be suffering from an ED at presentation. An additional 10 patients were noted to have ED-related symptoms. Although ED risk was elevated in trans males and females, absolute risk was higher in trans males when compared to population based prevalence rates...
March 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281136/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-dietary-lapses-across-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-characteristics-predictors-and-relationships-with-weight-change
#18
Evan M Forman, Leah M Schumacher, Ross Crosby, Stephanie M Manasse, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, Emily P Wyckoff, J Graham Thomas
BACKGROUND: Adherence to dietary prescriptions is critical for successful weight loss and weight loss maintenance. However, research on specific instances of inadherence (lapses) is limited, and findings regarding the frequency, nature, and causes of lapses are mixed. Additionally, no studies have examined lapses over the course of a weight loss program. PURPOSE: In the context of a reduced calorie diet prescribed as part of a behavioral treatment, we aimed to characterize lapse occurrence, examine lapse frequency across treatment, examine predictors of lapses, and assess the relationship between lapses and weight loss...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276099/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-acceptance-and-effects-of-a-therapeutic-renal-food-in-pet-dogs-with-iris-stage-1-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
J A Hall, D A Fritsch, M Yerramilli, E Obare, M Yerramilli, D E Jewell
Currently, nutritional management is recommended when serum creatinine (Cr) exceeds 1.4 mg/dl in dogs with IRIS-Stage 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) to slow progressive loss of kidney function, reduce clinical and biochemical consequences of CKD, and maintain adequate nutrition. It is unknown if dietary interventions benefit non-azotemic dogs at earlier stages. A prospective 12-month feeding trial was performed in client-owned dogs with IRIS-Stage 1 CKD (n = 36; 20 had persistently dilute urine with urine specific gravity (USG) <1...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275099/the-mediterranean-diet-score-is-more-strongly-associated-with-favorable-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-over-2-years-than-other-diet-quality-indexes-in-puerto-rican-adults
#20
Josiemer Mattei, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sherman J Bigornia, Sabrina E Noel, Katherine L Tucker
Background: Multiple diet quality scores have been used to evaluate adherence to specific dietary recommendations or to consumption of healthful foods and nutrients. It remains unknown which score can more strongly predict longitudinal changes in cardiometabolic risk factors.Objective: We aimed to determine associations of 5 diet quality scores [AHA diet score (AHA-DS), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005, Mediterranean diet score (MeDS), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)] with 2-y changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in adults 45-75 y old...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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