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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535140/relation-between-body-mass-index-and-body-image-in-spanish-and-mexican-adolescents
#1
Jesús Roberto García Sandoval, José Carlos Caracuel, Armando Cocca, Michaela Cocca, Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola
This article aims to study the relation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and body image in adolescents from two different social environments in Spain and Mexico, and to compare the construction of an appropriate body scheme in youth from these two countries. The majority of participants were found to be in the normal weight category of BMI. No significant differences were found in BMI or body image comparing Mexican and Spanish adolescents. Regardless of the country of origin, youth belonging to the weight deficit category of BMI overestimated their body shape, whereas those pertaining to overweight and obesity categories underestimated it...
May 23, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533263/prior-weight-loss-exacerbates-the-biological-drive-to-gain-weight-after-the-loss-of-ovarian-function
#2
Vanessa D Sherk, Matthew R Jackman, Erin D Giles, Janine A Higgins, Rebecca M Foright, David M Presby, Ginger C Johnson, Julie A Houck, Jordan L Houser, Robera Oljira, Paul S MacLean
Both the history of obesity and weight loss may change how menopause affects metabolic health. The purpose was to determine whether obesity and/or weight loss status alters energy balance (EB) and subsequent weight gain after the loss of ovarian function. Female lean and obese Wistar rats were randomized to 15% weight loss (WL) or ad libitum fed controls (CON). After the weight loss period, WL rats were kept in EB at the reduced weight for 8 weeks prior to ovariectomy (OVX). After OVX, all rats were allowed to eat ad libitum until weight plateaued...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#3
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516825/girls-and-boys-trajectories-of-appearance-anxiety-from-age-10-to-15-years-are-associated-with-earlier-maturation-and-appearance-related-teasing
#4
Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Haley J Webb, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters
Adolescents' appearance-related concerns can provoke increasing emotional, social, and eating-related problems. The aims of this five-wave (2.5-year), multiple-informant longitudinal study were to (a) examine growth trajectories of appearance anxiety symptoms and appearance esteem, (b) identify whether trajectories differed by gender, and (c) examine several launching factors including parent-reported physical maturation, peer-rated physical appearance, body mass index, and appearance teasing by parents and peers...
May 18, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515063/learning-to-like-vegetables-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants
#5
Julie A Mennella, Loran M Daniels, Ashley R Reiter
Background: What lactating mothers eat flavors breast milk and, in turn, modifies their infants' acceptance of similarly flavored foods.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of the timing and duration of eating a variety of vegetables during breastfeeding on the liking of vegetables in both members of the dyad.Design: We conducted a randomized controlled study of 97 mother-infant dyads. Lactating mothers drank vegetable, beet, celery, and carrot juices for 1 mo beginning at 0.5, 1.5, or 2.5 mo postpartum or for 3 mo beginning at 0...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514130/-measuring-adherence-to-self-care-guidelines-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-diabetic-ulcers-admitted-to-the-orthopedic-rehabilitation-department-at-tel-hashomer-hospital-during-2012-2013
#6
Sigal Ezra, Itzhak Siev-Ner, Itzhak Zaidise
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot is a devastating complication of diabetes and represents the major cause of lower limb amputations in the western world in the 21st century. The World Health Organization predicts a dramatic increase in the number of diabetes patients over the next decade and by the year 2025, their number is expected to increase to 300 million. AIMS: Examine whether training leads to improving performance in the built-in self-care guidelines in patients with type 2 diabetes who were hospitalized with diabetic ulcers in the Orthopedic Rehabilitation Ward in Tel Hashomer between the years 2012-2013...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513895/one-year-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-for-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary
#7
Isa Ozbay, Ali Cemal Yumusakhuylu, Rishabh Sethia, Lai Wei, Matthew Old, Amit Agrawal, Theodoros Teknos, Enver Ozer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) outcomes in patients who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with CUP were administered the Head and Neck Cancer Inventory (HNCI) prospectively to evaluate QOL preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: There was statistically and clinically significant deterioration in 2 of 4 domains (eating and social disruption) in the immediate aftermath of TORS...
May 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508273/sleeve-gastrectomy-correlation-of-long-term-results-with-remnant-morphology-and-eating-disorders
#8
Daniele Tassinari, Rossana D Berta, Monica Nannipieri, Patrizia Giusti, Luca Di Paolo, Daniela Guarino, Marco Anselmino
BACKGROUND: Remnant dimension is considered one of the crucial elements determining the success of sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and dilation of the gastric fundus is often believed to be the main cause of failure. OBJECTIVES: The main outcome of this study is to find correlations between remnant morphology in the immediate post-operative stage, its dilation in years, and the long-term results. The second purpose aims to correlate preoperative eating disorders, taste alteration, hunger perception, and early satiety with post-SG results...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504592/hungers-that-need-feeding-on-the-normativity-of-mindful-nourishment
#9
Else Vogel
Drawing on participant observation in a 'mindful weight loss' course offered in the Netherlands, this paper explores the normative register through which mindfulness techniques cast people in relation to concerns with overeating and body weight. The women seeking out mindfulness use eating to cope with troubles in their lives and are hindered by a preoccupation with the size of their bodies. Mindfulness coaches aim to help them let go of this 'struggle with eating' by posing as the central question: 'what do I really hunger after?' The self's hungers include 'belly hunger' but also stem from mouths, hearts, heads, noses and eyes...
May 15, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497469/prognostic-models-for-identifying-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-mealtime-support-needs-who-are-at-greatest-risk-of-respiratory-infection-and-emergency-hospitalisation
#10
C M Perez, A P Wagner, S L Ball, S R White, I C H Clare, A J Holland, M Redley
BACKGROUND: Among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), problems with eating, drinking and swallowing (EDS), and an associated need for mealtime support, are common, with an estimated 15% of adults known to specialist ID services requiring mealtime support. We set out to identify which adults with ID who receive mealtime support are at an increased risk of respiratory infections and emergency hospitalisation related to EDS problems. METHOD: An exploratory, prospective cohort study was undertaken in the East of England...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497110/accumbal-cholinergic-interneurons-differentially-influence-motivation-related-to-satiety-signaling
#11
Teemu Aitta-Aho, Benjamin U Phillips, Elpiniki Pappa, Y Audrey Hay, Fiona Harnischfeger, Christopher J Heath, Lisa M Saksida, Tim J Bussey, John Apergis-Schoute
Satiety, rather than all or none, can instead be viewed as a cumulative decrease in the drive to eat that develops over the course of a meal. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is known to play a critical role in this type of value reappraisal, but the underlying circuits that influence such processes are unclear. Although NAc cholinergic interneurons (CINs) comprise only a small proportion of NAc neurons, their local impact on reward-based processes provides a candidate cell population for investigating the neural underpinnings of satiety...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495039/emotional-symptoms-and-dietary-patterns-in-early-adolescence-a-school-based-follow-up-study
#12
Estefania Aparicio, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Anna Valenzano, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early emotional symptoms and dietary patterns over 3 years in a school-based sample. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Thirteen schools in Reus, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: From a sample of 562 preadolescents with and without emotional symptoms, 165 were observed and were classified as either showing (n = 100) or not showing emotional symptoms (n = 65)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489288/enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-adapted-for-a-group-setting
#13
Stephanie Wade, Sue Byrne, Karina Allen
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial is an evaluation of the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT-E) for eating disorders adapted for a group setting. The study aimed to examine the effects of group CBT-E on eating disorder psychopathology and additional maintaining pathology. METHOD: A transdiagnostic sample of individuals with eating disorders with a BMI ≥ 18 kg/m(2) (N = 40) were randomized to an immediate-start or delayed-start condition so as to compare therapeutic effects of group CBT-E with a waitlist control...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487663/binge-eating-disorder-bed-in-relation-to-addictive-behaviors-and-personality-risk-factors
#14
Caroline Davis, Laura Mackew, Robert D Levitan, Allan S Kaplan, Jacqueline C Carter, James L Kennedy
While there is good evidence that binge eating disorder (BED) is linked to higher-than-expected use of a broad range of addictive behaviors, mechanisms underlying this association are not well understood. Using a mediation-analytical approach with three age- and gender-matched groups - overweight/obese adults with (n = 42) and without (n = 104) BED, and normal-weight control participants (n = 73) - we tested the hypothesis that adults with BED would engage in more addictive behaviors and have higher scores on a personality-risk index than the two control groups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487245/appetitive-conditioning-to-specific-times-of-day
#15
Karolien van den Akker, Remco C Havermans, Anita Jansen
Human laboratory studies have shown that eating desires are easily learned through classical conditioning: after a few pairings of an initially neutral stimulus (e.g., a box) with the intake of palatable food (e.g., chocolate), the stimulus elicits increased eating expectancies and eating desires (acquisition). After repeated non-reinforced presentations of the chocolate-associated stimulus, eating expectancies and desires decrease again (extinction). It is commonly assumed that eating desires in daily life are acquired and extinguished in a similar manner, but to date, this has not been empirically tested...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486716/pavlovian-to-instrumental-transfer-of-nicotine-and-food-cues-in-deprived-cigarette-smokers
#16
Heena R Manglani, Andrea H Lewis, Stephen J Wilson, Mauricio R Delgado
Introduction: Smoking-related cues can promote drug-seeking behavior and curtail attempts to quit. One way to understand the potential impact of such cues is to compare cue-elicited behaviors for smoking and other reinforcers (eg, food) using the Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer paradigm, which measures how much control cues can exert over reward-seeking responses. Methods: We tested the influence of appetitive cues on smokers' behavior following 12 hours of abstinence from smoking and eating...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485429/potato-protease-inhibitor-ii-suppresses-postprandial-appetite-in-healthy-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Yong Zhu, Joanne A Lasrado, Jiang Hu
The effect of potato protease inhibitor II (PI2) on postprandial appetite was examined in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over trial involving 44 healthy women. In separate test sessions, participants consumed a capsule containing placebo or potato extract standardized to 15 or 30 mg PI2 after overnight fasting. One hour later, a standard 390 kcal breakfast was served. At regular time points during the three-hour period after breakfast, appetite was measured by visual analog scales, and blood samples were collected for assay of cholecystokinin, insulin, and glucose...
May 9, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482293/temporal-associations-between-affective-instability-and-dysregulated-eating-behavior-in-bulimia-nervosa
#18
Laura A Berner, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, Jason M Lavender, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich
Prior research suggests that the construct of emotional instability may be salient to bulimia nervosa (BN), but no study to date has used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to examine its temporal association with binge eating and purging. In the current study, 133 women with DSM-IV BN used portable digital devices to provide multiple daily negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) ratings and record eating disorder behaviors over 2 weeks. Two state-of-the art indices quantified affective instability: probability of acute change (PAC), which represents the likelihood of extreme affective increases, and mean squared successive difference (MSSD), which represents average change over successive recordings...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481434/time-course-of-the-effects-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-two-phase-3-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-in-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder
#19
Susan L McElroy, James I Hudson, Maria Gasior, Barry K Herman, Jana Radewonuk, Denise Wilfley, Joan Busner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the time course of efficacy-related endpoints for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo in adults with protocol-defined moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, adults meeting DSM-IV-TR BED criteria were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or dose-optimized LDX (50 or 70 mg). Analyses across visits used mixed-effects models for repeated measures (binge eating days/week, binge eating episodes/week, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating [Y-BOCS-BE] scores, percentage body weight change) and chi-square tests (Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I; from the perspective of BED symptoms] scale dichotomized as improved or not improved)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479407/deficits-in-episodic-memory-are-related-to-uncontrolled-eating-in-a-sample-of-healthy-adults
#20
A A Martin, T L Davidson, M A McCrory
Despite a substantial amount of animal data linking deficits in memory inhibition to the development of overeating and obesity, few studies have investigated the relevance of memory inhibition to uncontrolled eating in humans. Further, although memory for recent eating has been implicated as an important contributor to satiety and energy intake, the possibility that variations in episodic memory relate to individual differences in food intake control has been largely neglected. To examine these relationships, we recruited ninety-three adult subjects to attend a single lab session where we assessed body composition, dietary intake, memory performance, and eating behaviors (Three Factor Eating Questionnaire)...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
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