keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Over eating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918456/testing-a-mobile-mindful-eating-intervention-targeting-craving-related-eating-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept
#1
Ashley E Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Michael Cohn, Judson A Brewer
Theoretically driven smartphone-delivered behavioral interventions that target mechanisms underlying eating behavior are lacking. In this study, we administered a 28-day self-paced smartphone-delivered intervention rooted in an operant conditioning theoretical framework that targets craving-related eating using mindful eating practices. At pre-intervention and 1-month post-intervention, we assessed food cravings among adult overweight or obese women (N = 104; M age = 46.2 ± 14.1 years; M BMI = 31...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917225/appropriate-nutritional-management-in-patients-with-impaired-mastication-and-those-with-mild-dysphagia-a-multicenter-study-of-the-usefulness-of-novel-foods-processed-and-softened-by-enzymes
#2
Takashi Higashiguchi, Akihiro Ito, Hirofumi Nishiyama, Takashi Shigematsu, Atsuko Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Kato, Shohei Iijima, Nobuyuki Kikuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the safety of iEAT (a food that is softened by heat and enzyme homogeneous permeation) and iEAT-affected nutrition parameters, e.g., nutrition intake (calculated from the consumption rate in patients with impaired mastication and those with mild dysphagia). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, cross-over study of iEAT was conducted in 50 patients (mean age 77.0±11.0 years) with dysphagia due to Occasional aspiration (4 points on the Dysphagia Severity Scale [DSS]) or Oral problems (5 points) randomly assigned to the study diet (iEAT) or its opposite (the modified traditional [control] diet) for 1 week and then switched for 1 week to the opposing diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#3
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906156/canadian-consumer-food-safety-practices-and-knowledge-foodbook-study
#4
Regan Murray, Shiona Glass-Kaastra, Christine Gardhouse, Barbara Marshall, Nadia Ciampa, Kristyn Franklin, Matt Hurst, M Kate Thomas, Andrea Nesbitt
Understanding consumers' food safety practices and knowledge supports food safety education for the prevention of foodborne illness. The objective of this study was to describe Canadian consumer food safety practices and knowledge. This study identifies demographic groups for targeted food safety education messaging and establishes a baseline measurement to assess the effectiveness of food safety interventions over time. Questions regarding consumer food safety practices and knowledge were included in a population-based telephone survey, Foodbook, conducted from November 2014 to March 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903804/beyond-the-dinner-table-who-s-having-breakfast-lunch-and-dinner-family-meals-and-which-meals-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-bmi-in-pre-school-children
#5
Jerica M Berge, Kimberly P Truesdale, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan Mitchell, William J Heerman, Shari Barkin, Donna Matheson, Carolyn E Levers-Landis, Simone A French
OBJECTIVE: Having frequent family dinners is associated with better diet quality in children; however, it is unknown whether the frequency of certain family meal types (i.e. dinner) is more strongly associated with better child weight and diet quality compared with other meal types (i.e. breakfast, lunch). Thus, the current study examined the frequency of eating breakfast, lunch or dinner family meals and associations with pre-school children's overall diet quality (HEI-2010) and BMI percentile...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903638/trait-perception-accuracy-and-acquaintance-within-groups-tracking-accuracy-development
#6
Jill A Brown, Frank Bernieri
Previous work on trait perception has evaluated accuracy at discrete stages of relationships (e.g., strangers, best friends). A relatively limited body of literature has investigated changes in accuracy as acquaintance within a dyad or group increases. Small groups of initially unacquainted individuals spent more than 30 hr participating in a wide range of activities designed to represent common interpersonal contexts (e.g., eating, traveling). We calculated how accurately each participant judged others in their group on the big five traits across three distinct points within the acquaintance process: zero acquaintance, after a getting-to-know-you conversation, and after 10 weeks of interaction and activity...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899652/predicting-preschool-children-s-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-from-maternal-pressure-to-eat-a-longitudinal-study-of-low-income-latina-mothers
#7
Lionor Galindo, Thomas G Power, Ashley D Beck, Jennifer Orlet Fisher, Teresia M O'Connor, Sheryl O Hughes
Early work by Klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. This is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e.g., Johnson & Birch, 1994). Subsequent cross-sectional research on pressure to eat, however, has been inconsistent. Most studies have shown that maternal self-reports of pressure to eat are negatively associated with childhood obesity, and observational studies showed inconsistent relationships with child weight status...
September 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898708/cue-exposure-therapy-reduces-overeating-of-exposed-and-non-exposed-foods-in-obese-adolescents
#8
Ghislaine Schyns, Anne Roefs, Fren T Y Smulders, Anita Jansen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study tested whether two sessions of food cue exposure therapy reduced eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), specified for exposed and non-exposed food, in overweight and obese adolescents, and whether habituation of food cue reactivity and reduced CS-US expectancies predicted a decrease in EAH. METHODS: 41 overweight adolescents (aged 12-18 years) were randomly assigned to a cue exposure intervention or a lifestyle intervention (control condition)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895416/associations-of-the-variable-number-of-tandem-repeats-polymorphism-in-the-smyd3-gene-with-risk-and-prognosis-of-esophageal-cancer-a-case-control-study
#9
H F Wang, Y L Qu, L Y Ma, Y Tang
The aim of this study was to explore the associations between the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in the SMYD3 gene and the risk and prognosis of esophageal cancer (EC). A total of 546 EC patients (case group) and 580 healthy individuals (control group) were recruited for this study. Direct DNA sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products was applied to detect the SMYD3 VNTR genotypes. A non-conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations between different VNTR genotypes and clinicopathological features with the risk of EC...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894289/factors-associated-with-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-following-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#10
J R Ryder, A C Gross, C K Fox, A M Kaizer, K D Rudser, T M Jenkins, M B Ratcliff, A S Kelly, S Kirk, R M Siegel, T H Inge
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery produces robust weight loss, however, factors associated with long-term weight-loss maintenance among adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty adolescents (mean±s.d. age and body mass index (BMI)=17.1±1.7 years and 59±11 kg m(-2)) underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, had follow-up visits at 1 year and at a visit between 5 and 12 years following surgery (Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus years (FABS-5+) visit; mean±s...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891299/spatial-learning-responses-to-lipopolysaccharide-in-adult-and-aged-rats
#11
Barbara J Kupferschmid, Barbara A Therrien
Sickness behaviors, adaptive responses to infections, include lethargy, depression, reduced eating and grooming, and concentration problems resulting from interactions between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Detecting these responses is especially critical in the elderly, as the infections that cause them can lead to cognitive impairment. While deficits in spatial learning, a hippocampal-dependent form of learning, are part of the sickness response, directional heading errors (DHEs; an indicator of spatial-learning deficits) and their time trajectories need further examination...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891029/new-horizons-in-measurement-a-review-of-novel-and-innovative-approaches-to-eating-disorder-assessment
#12
REVIEW
Kelsie T Forbush, Sara R Gould, Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Kelsey E Hagan, Kelsey E Clark, Daria A Sorokina, Victoria L Perko
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating disorders are serious mental-health concerns that will affect over 30 million individuals in the USA at some point in their lives. Eating disorders occur across the lifespan, in a variety of ethnicities and races, in both men and women, and across the socioeconomic spectrum. Given the prevalence and severity of eating disorders, it is important that clinicians and researchers have access to appropriate assessment tools to aid in the early identification and treatment referral, differential diagnosis, treatment planning, and progress monitoring, and to ensure valid research findings...
September 11, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888491/breakfast-eating-habits-among-schoolchildren
#13
Mohammed ALBashtawy
BACKGROUND: A healthy breakfast provides school-age children with the essential nutrients needed for their activities and is correlated with improving a person's general nutritional status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of two months in 2015, involving 1798 Jordanian schoolchildren from grade 1 to grade 6. The study data sheet covered the breakfast habits of those children. Descriptive measures and Pearson's chi-square test were computed...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883784/neuroscience-of-compulsive-eating-behavior
#14
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Valentina Sabino, George F Koob, Pietro Cottone
A systematic characterization of compulsivity in pathological forms of eating has been proposed in the context of three functional domains: (1) habitual overeating; (2) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state; and (3) overeating despite aversive consequences. In this review, we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis and we differentiate the nascent field of neurocircuits and neurochemical mediators of compulsive eating through their underlying neuropsychobiological processes. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms that lead to compulsive eating behavior can improve behavioral and pharmacological intervention for disorders of pathological eating...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882743/effectiveness-of-mobile-health-mhealth-interventions-for-promoting-healthy-eating-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca McCarroll, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Unhealthy eating is a major risk factor for chronic disease. However, many current strategies to promote healthy eating are not sustainable over the longer-term. More cost-effective wide-reaching initiatives are urgently needed. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions, delivered via mobile devices, could provide a solution. This systematic review summarized the evidence on the effect of mHealth interventions for promoting healthy eating in adults. A comprehensive systematic search of five scientific databases was conducted using methods adapted from the Cochrane Handbook...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877891/investigating-predictors-of-eating-is-resting-metabolic-rate-really-the-strongest-proxy-of-energy-intake
#16
Jessica McNeil, Gilles Lamothe, Jameason D Cameron, Marie-Ève Riou, Sébastien Cadieux, Jacynthe Lafrenière, Gary Goldfield, Stephanie Willbond, Denis Prud'homme, Éric Doucet
Background: Evidence suggests that fat-free mass and resting metabolic rate (RMR), but not fat mass, are strong predictors of energy intake (EI). However, body composition and RMR do not explain the entire variance in EI, suggesting that other factors may contribute to this variance.Objective: We aimed to investigate the associations between body mass index (in kg/m(2)), fat mass, fat-free mass, and RMR with acute (1 meal) and daily (24-h) EI and between fasting appetite ratings and certain eating behavior traits with daily EI...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873340/-%C3%A2-prepared-for-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-6th-european-workshop-on-lipid-mediators-special-issue-si-6ewlm-prostaglandins-and-other-lipid-mediators
#17
P Betty Shih, Christophe Morisseau, Thu Le, Blake Woodside, J Bruce German
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex psychiatric disorder with high morbidity and mortality rates. While many individuals make full recoveries, up to a third of patients develop a chronic, treatment-resistant form of the illness that leads to a premature death in 15-20% of those affected. There have been few advances in treatment, both in terms of psychological or pharmacologic treatment over the last 30 years. Food aversion is commonly cited by patients with AN as a barrier to normalizing eating and weight. Our group has a keen interest in examining factors that might allow this to be addressed, thus improving treatment outcomes through personalized dietary plans or nutritional supplementation related to underlying genetic status...
September 2, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872733/cafeteria-diet-induces-neuroplastic-modifications-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-mediated-by-microglia-activation
#18
Miriam Gutiérrez-Martos, Benoit Girard, Sueli Mendonça-Netto, Julie Perroy, Emmanuel Valjent, Rafael Maldonado, Miquel Martin
High-palatable and caloric foods are widely overconsumed due to hedonic mechanisms that prevail over caloric necessities leading to overeating and overweight. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is a key brain area modulating the reinforcing effects of palatable foods and is crucially involved in the development of eating disorders. We describe that prolonged exposure to high-caloric chocolate cafeteria diet leads to overeating and overweight in mice. NAc functionality was altered in these mice, presenting structural plasticity modifications in medium spiny neurons, increased expression of neuroinflammatory factors and activated microglia, and abnormal responses after amphetamine-induced hyperlocomotion...
September 5, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871527/rapid-eating-is-linked-to-emotional-eating-in-obese-women-relieving-from-bariatric-surgery
#19
Claire-Charlotte Canterini, Isabelle Gaubil-Kaladjian, Séverine Vatin, Amélie Viard, Aurore Wolak-Thierry, Eric Bertin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Eating rate is associated with BMI and weight gain in various populations and is a factor modulating the risk of complications after bariatric surgery. The aim of the present study is to determine whether common difficulties to change eating rate in subjects with obesity candidate to bariatric surgery could be due to more extensive abnormalities in eating behaviour. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 116 consecutive female patients attending a nutrition consultation for obesity in a specialized centre in France...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870248/functional-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-partial-glossectomy-a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-study-of-the-head-and-neck-research-network
#20
Agnieszka Dzioba, Daniel Aalto, Georgina Papadopoulos-Nydam, Hadi Seikaly, Jana Rieger, Johan Wolfaardt, Martin Osswald, Jeffrey R Harris, Daniel A O'Connell, Cathy Lazarus, Mark Urken, Ilya Likhterov, Raymond L Chai, Erika Rauscher, Daniel Buchbinder, Devin Okay, Risto-Pekka Happonen, Ilpo Kinnunen, Irjala Heikki, Tero Soukka, Juhani Laine
BACKGROUND: While aggressive treatment for oral cancer may optimize survival, decrements in speech and swallowing function and quality of life often result. This exploratory study investigated how patients recover their communicative function, swallowing ability, and quality of life after primary surgery [with or without adjuvant (chemo)radiation therapy] for tongue cancer over the course of the first year post-operation. METHODS: Patients treated for oral cancer at three institutions (University of Alberta Hospital, Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center, and Turku University Hospital) were administered patient-reported outcomes assessing speech [Speech Handicap Index (SHI)], swallowing [(M...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
64160
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"