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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936841/-determination-of-six-alkaloids-in-six-types-of-coptidis-rhizoma-pieces-by-rp-hplc-and-spectrum-effect-relationships-with-anti-diabetes-pharmacodynamics-data
#1
Xian-Rong Lai, Bang-Hua Zhou, Ming-Sheng Du, Hai-Jie Zheng, Zhi-Peng Geng, Jia-Chuan Li, Xian-Li Meng, Yi Zhang, Jing Zhang
To establish a method for determining the contents of six alkaloids (jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, columbamine hydrochloride, epiberberine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, berberine hydrochloride) in six types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (crude pieces, ginger juice stir-fried pieces, vinegar stir-fried pieces, wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, evodiae juice stir-fried pieces) by RP-HPLC, and explore the relationship with the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and pharmacodynamics results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934706/untreated-hypertension-as-predictor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-multi-center-study
#2
Mario Hevesi, Eric M Bershad, Mostafa Jafari, Stephan A Mayer, Magdy Selim, Jose I Suarez, Afshin A Divani
PURPOSE: Hypertension is a significant risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The importance of managing blood pressure to reduce the risk of ICH has been recognized. However, few studies have focused on ICH outcomes due to untreated hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 5-year, retrospective, multicenter study of 490 consecutive ICH patients with histories of untreated-hypertension (n=56), treated-hypertension (n=314), and normotension (n=120)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926730/impact-of-evolocumab-treatment-on-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemic-patients-withdrawing-from-regular-apheresis
#3
Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Atsushi Nohara, Toshinori Higashikata, Hayato Tada, Chiaki Nakanishi, Hirofumi Okada, Tetsuo Konno, Kenji Sakata, Kenshi Hayashi, Akihiro Inazu, Hiroshi Mabuchi, Masakazu Yamagishi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis has been used to treat refractory hyperlipidemia such as familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). Evolocumab, a proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor used in clinical settings, can reduce LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels by >70%. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the impact of evolocumab on withdrawal from regular LDL apheresis in patients with heterozygous FH (HeFH). METHODS: Eleven patients with HeFH undergoing biweekly LDL apheresis were enrolled and were subsequently switched to a biweekly subcutaneous injection of 140 mg of evolocumab...
September 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913682/-therapeutic-options-in-hyperlipidemia
#4
Robert Berent, Theresa Berent, Helmut Sinzinger
Treatment of lipid disorders (dyslipidemia) is the cornerstone of atherosclerosis prevention and reduction of progression. Lifestyle modification is the first step to improve the plasma lipid profile. Statins play a central role in the reduction of LDL cholesterol. Whether and to what extent other lipids such as triglycerides or lipoprotein(a) should also be treated depends on the extent of atherosclerotic disease and its progression over time. Especially in residential cardiac rehabilitation we have the opportunity to encourage adherence and adapt medication as necessary due to a face to face contact over 4 weeks...
September 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912302/prevention-of-renal-apob-retention-is-protective-against-diabetic-nephropathy-role-of-tgf-%C3%AE-inhibition
#5
Patricia G Wilson, Joel C Thompson, Meghan H Yoder, Richard Charnigo, Lisa R Tannock
Animal studies demonstrate that hyperlipidemia and renal lipid accumulation contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. We previously demonstrated that renal lipoproteins co-localize with biglycan, a renal proteoglycan. The purpose of this study was to determine if prevention of renal lipid (apoB) accumulation attenuates diabetic nephropathy. Biglycan deficient and biglycan wildtype Ldlr-/- mice were made diabetic via streptozotocin and fed a high cholesterol diet. As biglycan deficiency is associated with elevated TGF-b, in some experiments mice were injected with either the TGF-b neutralizing antibody 1D11 or with 13C4, an irrelevant control antibody...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910706/pharmacokinetics-and-tissue-distribution-of-five-major-triterpenoids-after-oral-administration-of-rhizoma-alismatis-extract-to-rats-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#6
Wen Xu, Xiaoyan Li, Na Lin, Xue Zhang, Xiaoqiang Huang, Tingting Wu, Yanni Tai, Shuyun Chen, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Mingqing Huang, Shuisheng Wu
Rhizoma Alismatis (RA) was wildly used for treatment of dysuria, pyelonephritis, hyperlipidemia, enteritis diarrhea, diabetes, inflammation, and cancer. Triterpenoids are the major active components of RA, and its extract is mainly composed of alisol A (ALA), alisol B (ALB), alisol C 23-acetate (ALC-23A), alisol A 24-acetate (ALA-24A), and alisol B 23-acetate (ALB-23A). In this study, a simple, reliable, and sensitive ultra high-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was created and validated for the quantification of the five major triterpenoids in rat plasma and various tissues biosamples (including intestine, stomach, liver, kidney, fat, muscle, brain, heart, lung, spleen, and testes)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903412/acute-atorvastatin-treatment-restores-the-cardioprotective-effects-of-ischemic-postconditioning-in-hyperlipidemic-rats
#7
Tao Sun, Hong-Ju Zhang, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Su Wang, Ying Tao, Zhao Li, Qiancheng Yin, Donghua Zhang, Qian Wang, Ji Huang, Jingmei Zhang, Zhizhong Li, Yutong Cheng
BACKGROUND: Ischemic Postconditioning (IPC) reduces ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury under normal conditions. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins), which inhibit the synthesis of mevalonate, can interfere with the cardioprotective effect of IPC. However, the beneficial role of IPC in hyperlipidemic patients, post-acute administration of statins remains unknown. This study was to determine if acute administration of atorvastatin affect the infarct size-limiting effect of IPC in hyperlipidemic rats...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899694/anti-atherosclerotic-effect-of-hesperidin-in-ldlr-mice-and-its-possible-mechanism
#8
Ye-Zi Sun, Jian-Fei Chen, Li-Min Shen, Ji Zhou, Cui-Fang Wang
Hesperidin, a citrus bioflavonoid, exerts numerous pharmacological activities. However, its protective effect against atherosclerosis in vivo remains poorly understood. In the present study, we aimed to observe the effects of hesperidin on high fat diet (HFD)-induced atherosclerosis using LDL receptor deficient (LDLr(-/-)) mice. After 12 weeks of treatment, the animals were sacrificed. The blood samples were collected for further analysis. Mouse peritoneal macrophages were collected. Hepatic lipid content, quantification of atherosclerosis, assessment of oxidative stress and inflammation, gene expressions were performed on liver and aorta samples...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898910/balanced-coagonist-of-glp-1-and-glucagon-receptors-corrects-dyslipidemia-by-improving-fgf21-sensitivity-in-hamster-model
#9
Vishal Patel, Amit Joharapurkar, Samadhan Kshirsagar, Hiren M Patel, Dheerendra Pandey, Dipam Patel, Brijesh Sutariya, Maulik Patel, Rajesh Bahekar, Mukul R Jain
Hyperlipidemia is often associated with obesity and diabetes, and can lead to serious complications like atherosclerosis and fatty liver disease. Coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon receptors is a therapy under clinical investigation for treatment of obesity and diabetes. In this study, we have characterized the mechanism of hypolipidemic effect of a balanced coagonist using high cholesterol-fed hamsters. Tyloxapol-induced hypertriglyceridemia, lipolysis in adipose tissue, and bile homeostasis were assessed after repeated dose treatment of the coagonist of GLP-1 and glucagon receptors (Aib2 C24 chimera 2, SC)...
September 12, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898082/meroterpenoids-from-a-medicinal-fungus-antrodia-cinnamomea
#10
Mei-Chuan Chen, Ting-Yu Cho, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Tzong-Huei Lee
Antrodia cinnamomea, a medicinal fungus indigenous to Taiwan, has been shown to exhibit a broad spectrum of bioactivities for the treatments of alcoholic intoxication, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue, and a number of active principles have been identified. Among the bioactive entities, clinical trials of antroquinonol and 4-acetyl antroquinonol B are being carried out for curing cancer, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperlipidemia. The total synthesis of antroquinonol has been achieved; however, investigating the structure-activity relationship of this class of compounds remained difficult due to the lack of available analogues...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893023/itolizumab-in-the-management-of-psoriasis-with-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Shrichand G Parasramani
Psoriasis is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory disease that has been associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MS), a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors mainly hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. A 49-year-old male patient presented with extensive plaque psoriasis from past 13 years. Past medications included methotrexate, PUVA therapy, topical immunosuppressants and corticosteroids. His baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score was 39.8. The patient was screened and diagnosed with MS as per Alberti's Criteria (his waist circumference was 100 cm, blood pressure was 160/100 mmHg and High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) was 30 mg/dl)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887748/hypolipidemic-activity-of-camellia-euphlebia-flower-extract-in-high-fat-fed-mice
#12
Dongye He, Ping Zhang, Xuan Sai, Xiaoyu Li, Lili Wang, Yongping Xu
Camellia euphlebia (family, Theaceae) has been used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in Southern China. However, there has been no report on the hypolipidemic activity of Camellia euphlebia flower. This study evaluated the hypolipidemic activity of different preparation of Camellia euphlebia flower extracts using in vivo models. Mice intragastrically administered aqueous extract at 400 mg/kg dose or ethanol extract at 100 and 400 mg/kg doses of Camellia euphlebia flower for 28 days exhibited significant decreases in the levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while displaying increased level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the serum...
September 8, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886529/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-as-therapeutic-targets-for-heart-failure
#13
REVIEW
Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Mostafa Wanees Ahmed El-Husseny, Eshak I Bahbah, Ahmed Elmaraezy, Aya Ashraf Ali, Asmaa Ashraf, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim
Heart failure (HF) is a common clinical syndrome that affects more than 23 million individuals worldwide. Despite the marked advances in its management, the mortality rates in HF patients have remained unacceptably high. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear transcription regulators, involved in the regulation of fatty acid and glucose metabolism. PPAR agonists are currently used for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia; however, their role as therapeutic agents for HF remains under investigation...
September 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883845/the-impact-of-hyperglycemia-and-hyperlipidemia-on-plasma-p-selectin-and-platelet-markers-after-ischemic-stroke
#14
Malgorzata Pawelczyk, Beata Kaczorowska, Zbigniew Baj
INTRODUCTION: Platelet activation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of ischemic cerebrovascular diseases. Thus, it is very important to identify novel pharmacological targets for platelet inhibition to improve ischemic stroke treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between metabolic disorders and platelet activity markers in patients with acute ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-four patients with acute ischemic stroke were divided into four groups with: normolipidemia and normoglycemia (NL/NG), n = 25; normolipidemia and hyperglycemia (NL/HG), n = 21; hyperlipidemia and normoglycemia (HL/NG), n = 27; hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia (NL/NG), n = 21...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883690/direct-acting-antiviral-agents-against-hepatitis-c-virus-and-lipid-metabolism
#15
EDITORIAL
Tatsuo Kanda, Mitsuhiko Moriyama
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces steatosis and is accompanied by multiple metabolic alterations including hyperuricemia, reversible hypocholesterolemia and insulin resistance. Total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels are increased by peginterferon and ribavirin combination therapy when a sustained virologic response (SVR) is achieved in patients with HCV. Steatosis is significantly more common in patients with HCV genotype 3 but interferon-free regimens are not always effective for treating HCV genotype 3 infections...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881539/-analysis-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-related-risk-factors-in-a-university-physical-examination-population-in-beijing
#16
X F Meng, G M Liu, X L Wang, Q Xu
Objective: To explore the incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in staffs of Tsinghua university according to the different age groups, the possible risk factors and conduct a follow-up survey. Methods: Detailed information about physical examination and carotid ultrasound from 832 staffs of Tsinghua University between 2014 to 2016 were reviewed to observe the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis according to different age groups; the correlation between conventional risk factors and carotid arteriosclerosis was studied by multivariate Logistic regression analysis...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879444/comparative-study-on-whole-genome-sequences-of-aspergillus-terreus-soil-fungus-and-diaporthe-ampelina-endophytic-fungus-with-reference-to-lovastatin-production
#17
S D Bhargavi, V K Praveen, M Anil Kumar, J Savitha
Lovastatin is a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) in cholesterol biosynthetic pathway and hence used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. In a previous study, we report a tropical soil isolate, Aspergillus terreus (KM017963), which produces ample amount of lovastatin than its counterpart that are endophytic in origin. Bioinformatic analysis of whole genome sequence of A. terreus (AH007774.1), a soil isolate revealed the presence of gene cluster (AF141924.1 & AF141925...
September 6, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878680/andrographolide-a-new-hope-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad T Islam
Recently, the use of plant-derived medicines is increasing interest in the prevention and treatment of a variety of disorders including metabolic syndromes. Metabolic syndrome is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and incidence of mortality worldwide. Scientific evidence suggests that Andrographis paniculata and its derived components, especially andrographolide (AGL) and its analogs/derivatives have a broad spectrum of biological activities. This review aims to sketch the activity of AGL and its analogs/derivatives against the components of metabolic syndromes such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877827/influences-of-gender-and-age-on-the-prevalence-and-complications-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
Mei-Juan Cai, Xiang-Nan Kong, Xiao-Yun Zhao
Objective To investigate the effects of gender and age on the prevalence and complications of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). Methods A total of 8429 NAFLD patients were selected from the Health Check-up Center and Outpatient Departments of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao).The questionnaire-based survey,physical examinations,biochemical tests,and liver ultrasonography were performed for all cases.Patients were divided into young group(<45 years),middle aged group(45 years≤age<60 years),and old group(≥60 years)according to age,and the clinical features and laboratory findings were analyzed...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869259/anti-hyperlipidemic-effect-of-rice-bran-polysaccharide-and-its-potential-mechanism-in-high-fat-diet-mice
#20
Ying Nie, Feijun Luo, Long Wang, Tao Yang, Limin Shi, Xinhua Li, Junjun Shen, Wei Xu, Ting Guo, Qinlu Lin
Hyperlipidemia occurs very often in modern society along with a high calorie intake and is regarded as one of the greatest risk factors for the prevalence of cardiac vascular disease (CVD). In this study, we investigated the anti-hyperlipidemic effect of the rice bran polysaccharides (RBP) and its mechanism in a high fat diet animal model. 60 ICR mice were randomly divided into 3 groups, which included Control, HFD (high fat diet) and HFD + RBP, and each group included 20 mice. The control group was fed with a standard diet while the other two groups were fed with HFD...
September 4, 2017: Food & Function
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