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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074822/pleiotropic-effects-of-statins-in-the-perioperative-setting
#1
REVIEW
George Galyfos, Argyri Sianou, Konstantinos Filis
Statins belong to a specific group of drugs that have been described for their ability to control hyperlipidemia as well as for other pleiotropic effects such as improving vascular endothelial function, inhibition of oxidative stress pathways, and anti-inflammatory actions. Accumulating clinical evidence strongly suggests that statins also have a beneficial effect on perioperative morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this review aims to present all recent and pooled data on statin treatment in the perioperative setting as well as to highlight considerations regarding their indications and therapeutic application...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074044/diabetic-myonecrosis-a-rare-complication-of-diabetes-mellitus-mimicking-deep-vein-thrombosis
#2
Himanshu K Khanna, Andrew C Stevens
BACKGROUND Diabetic myonecrosis is an uncommon complication of long-standing poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. It presents as acute non-traumatic swelling and pain of the lower extremity, which can mimic deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The clinical course is usually self-limiting and patients respond well to supportive medical therapy. CASE REPORT A 54-year-old male with past medical history of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type II, hyperlipidemia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and remote history of DVT presented to our emergency department with 2-week history of progressively worsening left calf pain and swelling...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070102/altered-susceptibility-of-an-obese-rat-model-to-13-week-subchronic-toxicity-induced-by-3-monochloropropane-1-2-diol
#3
Takeshi Toyoda, Young-Man Cho, Jun-Ichi Akagi, Yasuko Mizuta, Kohei Matsushita, Akiyoshi Nishikawa, Katsumi Imaida, Kumiko Ogawa
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a heat-induced food contaminant that has been shown to be a nongenotoxic renal carcinogen. Although the toxicity of 3-MCPD has been widely investigated for decades, there is a further concern that 3-MCPD might exert more potent toxicity in high-risk population with underlying diseases such as hyperlipidemia associated with obesity. In the present study, we performed a 13-week subchronic toxicity study for 3-MCPD using an obesity rat model to investigate the differences in susceptibility between obese and normal individuals...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069019/ppars-modulate-cardiac-metabolism-and-mitochondrial-function-in-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Ting-Wei Lee, Kuan-Jen Bai, Ting-I Lee, Tze-Fan Chao, Yu-Hsun Kao, Yi-Jen Chen
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a major complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Currently, effective treatments for diabetic cardiomyopathy are limited. The pathophysiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy is complex, whereas mitochondrial dysfunction plays a vital role in the genesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Metabolic regulation targeting mitochondrial dysfunction is expected to be a reasonable strategy for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are master executors in regulating glucose and lipid homeostasis and also modulate mitochondrial function...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066010/olanzapine-has-better-efficacy-compared-to-risperidone-for-treatment-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#5
P N Suresh Kumar, P K Anish, V Rajmohan
OBJECTIVE: The safety and efficacy profile of risperidone and olanzapine were compared in a double-blind trial that used doses widely accepted in clinical practice. METHODS: Subjects (n = 71) who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria for schizophrenia were randomly assigned to receive 2-8 mg/day of risperidone (mean modal dose = 5.5 mg/day) or 5-20 mg/day of olanzapine (mean modal dose = 14.4 mg/day) for 1 year. RESULTS: The two study groups were similar at baseline in all aspects...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061763/trend-in-young-coronary-artery-disease-in-china-from-2010-to-2014-a-retrospective-study-of-young-patients%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-45
#6
Xin Wang, Ming Gao, Shanshan Zhou, Jinwen Wang, Fang Liu, Feng Tian, Jing Jin, Qiang Ma, Xiaodi Xue, Jie Liu, Yuqi Liu, Yundai Chen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of young coronary heart disease (CHD, ≤45 years) in China is increasing. Secondary prevention to counter this trend is an important contemporary public health issure. METHODS: A total of 5288 patients (≤45 years) diagnosed with CHD and hospitalized at the Chinese PLA General Hospital and Anzhen Hospital, both in Beijing, were enrolled after satisfying the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Young CHD patients increased in number from 2010 to 2014, especially men...
January 7, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056419/chamomile-matricaria-recutita-l-decoction-extract-inhibits-in-vitro-intestinal-glucose-absorption-and-attenuates-high-fat-diet-induced-lipotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress
#7
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Mohsen Sakly, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
The present study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of chamomile decoction extract (CDE) on intestinal glucose absorption as well as its protective role against high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and lipotoxicity in rats. We used the Ussing chamber system to investigate the effect of CDE on intestinal transport of glucose. Male Wistar rats were fed HFD for six weeks to provoke obesity. CDE (100mg/kg, b.w. p.o.) has been per orally administered to HFD fed rats. Ex vivo, we found that CDE significantly and dose-dependently increased intestinal absorption of glucose...
January 2, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053859/is-there-a-role-for-diet-monotherapy-in-adult-epilepsy
#8
Mackenzie C Cervenka, Bobbie J Henry-Barron, Eric H Kossoff
Ten adults were treated with ketogenic diet monotherapy for epilepsy. Four patients were naïve to antiseizure drugs (ASDs), and six previously tried and stopped ASDs. Of four treatment-naïve participants, two (50%) were free from disabling seizures on Modified Atkins Diet (MAD) monotherapy for > 1 year. Two (50%) stopped. Four of six patients (67%) who had previously tried ASDs became seizure-free on diet monotherapy, and two experienced > 50% seizure reduction. Side effects included amenorrhea, weight loss, osteoporosis, and hyperlipidemia...
2017: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053615/antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-fermented-red-ginseng-against-high-fat-diet-induced-hyperlipidemia-in-rats
#9
Myeong-Hwan Kim, Eun-Jin Lee, Jeong-Mu Cheon, Ki-Jun Nam, Tae-Ho Oh, Kil-Soo Kim
This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of fermented red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer; FRG) on high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups of seven: normal control, NC; high-fat diet control, HFC; high-fat diet-0.5% FRG, HF-FRGL; and high-fat diet-1% FRG, HF-FRGH. All rats were fed a high-fat diet for eight weeks, except those in the NC group, while rats in the FRG treatment groups received drinking water containing 0...
December 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050236/hepatitis-c-eradication-with-sofosbuvir-leads-to-significant-metabolic-changes
#11
Amilcar L Morales, Zachary Junga, Manish B Singla, Maria Sjogren, Dawn Torres
AIM: To assess the effect of sofosbuvir (SOF) based regimens on glycemic and lipid control. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients treated and cured with a SOF regimen [SOF/ribavirin/interferon, SOF/simeprevir, or SOF/ledipasvir (LDV) ± ribavirin] from January 2014 to March 2015. Patients with hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) and lipid panels within six months before and six months after therapy were identified and included in our study...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043305/accuracy-of-non-fasting-lipid-profile-for-the-assessment-of-lipoprotein-coronary-risk
#12
Safia Fatima, Aamir Ijaz, Tariq Bin Sharif, Dilshad Ahmad Khan, Amer Siddique
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of non-fasting lipid profile in the diagnosis of hyperlipidemia, taking fasting lipid profile as gold standard, in adult population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, from July to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: One hundred seventy-five adult patients coming for fasting lipid profile were included; their non-fasting samples were taken on the next day...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042735/medication-regimen-complexity-and-a1c-goal-attainment-in-underserved-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Alicia Yeh, Bijal Shah-Manek, Kajua B Lor
BACKGROUND: From 2009 to 2012, 51.8% of American adults with diabetes had a hemoglobin A1C (A1C) >7.0%. The complexity of antidiabetic medication regimens may have an impact on glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to test the hypothesis that higher diabetes-specific medication regimen complexity index (MRCI) was associated with lower attainment of A1C goal <7.0% in an underserved, predominantly Hispanic population of adults with type 2 diabetes...
February 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034355/inflammation-a-novel-therapeutic-target-direction-in-atherosclerosis
#14
Bin Li, Weihong Li, Xiaoli Li, Hong Zhou
Over the past two decades, the viewpoint of atherosclerosis has been replaced gradually by a lipid-driven, chronic, low-grade inflammatory disease of the arterial wall. Current treatment of atherosclerosis is focused on limiting its risk factors, such as hyperlipidemia or hypertension. However, treatment targeting the inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis is still very limited and deserves further attention to fight atherosclerosis successfully. Here, we review the current development of inflammation and atherosclerosis to discuss novel insights and potential targets in atherosclerosis, and to address drug discovery based on anti-inflammatory strategy in atherosclerotic disease...
December 30, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033554/promotion-of-classic-neutral-bile-acids-synthesis-pathway-is-responsible-for-cholesterol-lowing-effect-of-si-miao-yong-an-decoction-application-of-lc-ms-ms-method-to-determine-6-major-bile-acids-in-rat-liver-and-plasma
#15
Ziying Liu, Yu Zhang, Ruowen Zhang, Liqiang Gu, Xiaohui Chen
Si-miao-yong-an decoction (SMYAD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, significantly reduced plasma TC, LDL-c levels and increased HDL-c level in hyperlipidemia rats. Liver function test and tissue section examination indicated that SMYAD improved liver function and reduced fat accumulation in hyperlipidemia rat liver. A LC-MS/MS method was established and well validated to evaluate major bile acids derived from cholesterol metabolism through the classic neutral pathway and the alternative acidic pathway (cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid and their taurine and glycine conjugates) in liver and plasma...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030403/ce-triglycerides-do-they-matter
#16
Kristine Scordo, Kim Anne Pickett
: Since the introduction of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, also known as statins, as an adjunct to diet in the treatment of hyperlipidemia and the greater emphasis placed on reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in the prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD), there has been less focus on the value of lowering serum triglyceride levels. Many patients are aware of their "good" and "bad" cholesterol levels, but they may not be aware of their triglyceride level or of the association between high triglycerides and the development of CVD...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030378/does-lifestyle-contribute-to-disease-severity-in-patients-with-inherited-lipid-disorders
#17
Benoit J Arsenault, Nicolas Perrot, Patrick Couture
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, familial combined hyperlipidemia and hyperlipoprotein(a) are at high cardiovascular risk. Increasing evidence suggest that lifestyle-related risk factors such as physical inactivity, and poor diet quality could influence cardiovascular risk in these patients. Our objective is to review the evidence that supports the role of lifestyle-related factors in the prediction of cardiovascular risk in patients with inherited lipid disorders...
December 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028371/genotype-specific-peripheral-lipid-profile-changes-with-hepatitis-c-therapy
#18
Mark R Pedersen, Amit Patel, David Backstedt, Myunghan Choi, Anil B Seetharam
AIM: To evaluate magnitude/direction of changes in peripheral lipid profiles in patients undergoing direct acting therapy for hepatitis C by genotype. METHODS: Mono-infected patients with hepatitis C were treated with guideline-based DAAs at a university-based liver clinic. Patient characteristics and laboratory values were collected before and after the treatment period. Baseline demographics included age, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, treatment regimen, and fibrosis stage...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012680/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-related-to-hypertension-and-hyperlipidemia-self-management-among-african-american-men-living-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#19
Everett Long, Monica Ponder, Stephanie Bernard
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of illness affect cardiovascular disease (CVD) self-management. This study explores knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding hypertension and hyperlipidemia management among 34 of African-American men with hypertension and/or hyperlipidemia, age 40-65, living in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: In-person focus groups were conducted using semi-structured interview questions informed by the Health Belief Model (HBM). RESULTS: Participants had a high level of knowledge about hypertension self-management, but less about cholesterol self-management...
December 16, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010953/the-japan-statin-treatment-against-recurrent-stroke-j-stars-echo-study-rationale-and-trial-protocol
#20
Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoji Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Hideki Origasa, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masatoshi Koga, Masayasu Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The preventive effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on progression of carotid intima-media complex thickness (IMT) has been shown exclusively in nonstroke Western patients. The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) Echo Study aims to determine the effect of pravastatin on carotid IMT in Japanese patients with hyperlipidemia who developed noncardioembolic ischemic stroke. DESIGN: This is a substudy of the J-STARS, a multicenter, randomized, open-label, blinded-end point, parallel-group trial to examine whether pravastatin reduces stroke recurrence in patients with noncardioembolic stroke...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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