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Hyperlipidemia treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138670/simvastatin-ameliorates-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-by-attenuating-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-rats
#1
Nawal M Al-Rasheed, Nouf M Al-Rasheed, Iman H Hasan, Maha A Al-Amin, Hanaa N Al-Ajmi, Raeesa A Mohamad, Ayman M Mahmoud
Simvastatin is a lipid-lowering agent used to treat hypercholesterolemia and to reduce the risk of heart disease. This study scrutinized the beneficial effects of simvastatin on experimental diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), pointing to the role of hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and both control and diabetic rats received simvastatin for 90 days. Diabetic rats showed significant cardiac hypertrophy, body weight loss, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137053/prognostic-value-of-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-evaluating-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#2
Jin-Er Shu, Ming-Liang Ying, Xiao-Rong Chen, Jian-Jun Hua, Jie-Ting Fu, Xiu-Mei Xia, Yong-Hao Pan, Yang Jiang
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a devastating occurrence affecting millions worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) in assessing carotid atherosclerotic plaque in IS patients. METHODS: Between January 2013 and March 2015, 338 IS patients were recruited for the investigative purposes of the study. All participants of the study underwent an HRMRI inspection procedure after being admitted into the hospital...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132522/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
REVIEW
Patrick H Sweet, Teresa Khoo, Steven Nguyen
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) defines a condition of hepatic steatosis with or without hepatic injury. NAFLD is increasing in prevalence worldwide and presents a public health burden. Most patients are asymptomatic, although some present with fatigue and right upper quadrant pain. NAFLD is discovered incidentally when patients have elevated liver enzymes or fatty liver is seen on imaging modalities. Imaging studies can confirm fatty deposits in the liver, but needle biopsy is needed to determine degree of inflammation...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126537/a-47-year-old-man-with-recurrent-unilateral-pleural-effusion
#4
Alexandra Haw, Ronald Kotler, Kevin Steinberg
A 47-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and OSA presented with a 7- to 10-day history of progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion, with a walking distance of 60 feet. He had bilateral lower-extremity swelling and was prescribed furosemide without clinical improvement. At baseline, he used three pillows for sleeping. The patient was noncompliant with his CPAP treatment. He had no smoking history and was retired from working in technology sales. On review of systems, he denied cough, chest pain, hemoptysis, fevers, chills, or weight loss...
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121499/atorvastatin-accelerates-clearance-of-lipoprotein-remnants-generated-by-activated-brown-fat-to-further-reduce-hypercholesterolemia-and-atherosclerosis
#5
Geerte Hoeke, Yanan Wang, Andrea D van Dam, Isabel M Mol, Eveline Gart, Henk G Klop, Susan M van den Berg, Elsbet H Pieterman, Hans M G Princen, Albert K Groen, Patrick C N Rensen, Jimmy F P Berbée, Mariëtte R Boon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation would be accelerated by concomitant statin treatment, thereby further reducing hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. METHODS: APOE*3-Leiden...
October 26, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120539/-hypertension-diabetes-hyperlipidemia-what-are-the-treatment-goals-for-the-elderly
#6
Martial Coutaz
Will my patient actually benefit from the medication that I've prescribed? Faced with an elderly, frail patient, the family doctor is often confronted by this dilemma. This article reviews the evidence that can assist clinicians in determining the best approach to treating diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia in elderly patients, by defining treatment goals specific to each patients' functional and cognitive capacities. Avoiding hypoglycemia and hypotension, with all of their consequences, must remain the highest priority driving objectives for optimal management of diabetes and hypertension in the geriatric population...
November 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119935/perioperative-management-of-hyperlipidemia-medications
#7
J Ross Renew
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is a common comorbidity encountered during the perioperative period. Whether patients are scheduled for cardiac or noncardiac surgery, this cardiovascular disease must be addressed in the preoperative period to decrease the accompanying risks and potential postoperative problems. Lipid-lowering medications are often used to treat hyperlipidemia, a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the medications most commonly used to treat hyperlipidemia and to describe strategies for handling these treatment regimens in the perioperative period...
November 7, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118561/pilot-study-of-the-prevalence-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#8
Jinyu Zhang, Omair Abbasi, Lev Malevanchik, Neena Mohan, Richard Denicola, Nicholas Tarangelo, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in the United States. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common form of eating disorder. NAFLD and BED have similar risk factors, including obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence of BED in NAFLD patients. Methods: We administered the Binge Eating Scale (BES), a questionnaire validated to screen for BED, to NAFLD patients at our Fatty Liver Center...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118311/factors-associated-with-intima-media-complex-thickness-of-the-common-carotid-artery-in-japanese-noncardioembolic-stroke-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-the-j-stars-echo-study
#9
Shinichi Wada, Masatoshi Koga, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoji Nagai, Shiro Aoki, Tomohisa Nezu, Naohisa Hosomi, Tatsuo Kagimura, Hideki Origasa, Kenji Kamiyama, Rieko Suzuki, Toshiho Ohtsuki, Hirofumi Maruyama, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
AIMS: There may be ethnic differences in carotid atherosclerosis and its contributing factors between Asian and other populations. The purpose of this study was to examine intima-media complex thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery and associated clinical factors in Japanese stroke patients with hyperlipidemia from a cohort of the Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke Echo Study. METHODS: Patients with hyperlipidemia, not on statins, who developed noncardioembolic ischemic stroke were included in this study...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117961/comorbidity-increases-the-risk-of-relapse-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-study
#10
Kaarina Kowalec, Kyla A McKay, Scott B Patten, John D Fisk, Charity Evans, Helen Tremlett, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between comorbidity and relapse rate in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We recruited individuals with prevalent relapsing-onset MS from 4 Canadian MS Clinics to participate in a 2-year prospective multicenter cohort study involving cross-sectional assessment of comorbidities and relapses. Comorbidities were recorded using questionnaires, and relapses were captured from medical records at each visit. The association between comorbidities at baseline and relapse rate over the subsequent 2-year follow-up period was examined using Poisson regression, adjusting for age, sex, disability, disease duration, and treatment status...
November 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117745/antihyperglycemic-antihyperlipidemic-and-antioxidative-evaluation-of-compounds-from-senna-sophera-l-roxb-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#11
Amol R Kharat, Kiran Kharat, Mahadev Jadhav, S J Makhija
Senna sophera (L.) Roxb (Common name: Kasunda, Baner) (Leguminosae) is used as traditional medicine in Africa and Asia. The compounds were isolated from methanolic extract of leaves of Senna sophera (MFCS). Compound A was identified as Hexahydroxy diphenic acid and Compound B as Kaempferol. MFCS administration to diabetic rats exhibited significant reduction in the blood sugar level and showed gain in body weight. After the treatment of 100 mg/kg of MFCS, the blood sugar level was reduced to 52.33 ± 2.83 mg/dl in comparison to the blood sugar level of vehicle control 76...
November 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117504/experimentally-designed-lyophilized-dry-emulsion-tablets-for-enhancing-the-antihyperlipidemic-activity-of-atorvastatin-calcium-preparation-in-vitro-evaluation-and-in-vivo-assessment
#12
Alaa H Salama, Mona Basha, Sally El Awdan
This article presents the development of lyophilized orally disintegrating tablets prepared with the dry emulsion technique to enhance the in-vitro dissolution and in-vivo performance of the poorly bioavailable drug atorvastatin calcium (ATV). Tablets were fabricated by freeze-drying o/w emulsions of ATV. The Emulsions were prepared using a matrix former solution (alginate or gelatin, 2 or 4%) containing a sugar alcohol (mannitol) and a collapse protectant (glycine) as the water phase and Labrafac® as the oil phase in the presence of surfactant (synperonic® PE/P 84 or synperonic® F108) under proper homogenization...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116618/treatment-of-stable-angina-with-a-new-fixed-dose-combination-of-ivabradine-and-metoprolol-effectiveness-and-tolerability-in-routine-clinical-practice
#13
Dimitar Divchev, Georg Stöckl
INTRODUCTION: In this prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study, the effectiveness and tolerability of the first fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulation of the selective heart rate reducing agent ivabradine and the beta-blocker metoprolol was evaluated in stable angina pectoris (AP) patients in a clinical practice setting. METHODS: Stable AP outpatients received a FDC of ivabradine and metoprolol (b.i.d.) for 4 months, in addition to cardiovascular standard therapy...
November 7, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111387/hyperlipidemia-induced-hepassocin-in-the-liver-contributes-to-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle
#14
Tae Woo Jung, Yoon Hee Chung, Hyoung-Chun Kim, A M Abd El-Aty, Ji Hoon Jeong
Hepassocin (HPS) has recently been identified as a novel hepatokine that causes hepatic steatosis. However, the role of HPS in the development of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle under obesity remains unclear. The effect of hyperlipidemia on hepatic HPS expression was evaluated in primary hepatocytes and liver of mice. HPS-mediated signal pathways were explored using small interfering (si) RNAs of specific genes or inhibitors. We found that treatment of primary hepatocytes with palmitate could induce HPS expression through C/EBPβ-mediated transcriptional activation...
October 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108205/-investigation-and-analysis-of-the-knowledge-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-residents-in-hebei-province-china
#15
Q F Liang, Y D Wang, C Y Zhao
Objective: To investigate the knowledge of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among medical staff and general population in Hebei Province, China, understand the degree of awareness of NAFLD among residents, standardize the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD, improve the correct awareness of NAFLD among general population, promote the establishment of a reasonable lifestyle, and scientifically and effectively control the incidence and mortality rates of NAFLD. Methods: The investigation was performed in 30 hospitals and neighboring schools and communities in Hebei Province, and a questionnaire survey on the knowledge of NAFLD was performed for 1 300 medical workers and 2 000 persons from the general population...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107606/anti-atherosclerotic-effect-of-fermentum-rubrum-and-gynostemma-pentaphyllum-mixture-in-high-fat-emulsion-and-vitamin-d3-induced-atherosclerotic-rats
#16
San-Hu Gou, Bei-Jun Liu, Xiu-Feng Han, Li Wang, Chao Zhong, Shan Liang, Hui Liu, Yin Qiang, Yun Zhang, Jing-Man Ni
BACKGROUND: The mixture of Hongqu and gypenosides (HG) is composed of Fermentum Rubrum (Hongqu, in Chinese) and total saponins of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (Jiaogulan, in Chinese) in a 3.6:1 weight ratio. Both Hongqu and Jiaogulan are considered valuable traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs); they have been commonly used in China for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and related diseases for centuries. The aim of the current study was assess the anti-atherosclerotic effect of HG...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100936/characteristics-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-usage-and-its-effect-on-survival-of-lung-cancer-patients-in-taiwan
#17
Te-Mao Li, Yang-Hao Yu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Taiwan, lung cancer remains one of the deadliest cancers. Survival of lung cancer patients remains low, ranging from 6% to 18%. Studies have shown that Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) can be used to induce cell apoptosis and exhibit anti-inflammatory activities in cancer cells. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the frequencies and patterns of CHM treatment for lung cancer patients and the effect of CHM on their survival probability in Taiwan...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099085/eburicoic-acid-a-triterpenoid-compound-from-antrodia-camphorata-displays-antidiabetic-and-antihyperlipidemic-effects-in-palmitate-treated-c2c12-myotubes-and-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#18
Cheng-Hsiu Lin, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Chun-Ching Shih
This study was designed to investigate the antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic effects and mechanisms of eburicoic acid (TRR); one component of Antrodia camphorata in vitro and in an animal model for 14 weeks. Expression levels of membrane glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4); phospho-5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/total AMPK; and phospho-Akt/total-Akt in insulin-resistant C2C12 myotube cells were significantly decreased by palmitate; and such decrease was prevented and restored by TRR at different concentrations...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098414/microbial-diversity-and-composition-in-different-gut-locations-of-hyperlipidemic-mice-receiving-krill-oil
#19
Chenyang Lu, Tingting Sun, Yanyan Li, Dijun Zhang, Jun Zhou, Xiurong Su
Low-dose (LD, 100 mg kg(-1) day(-1)), moderate-dose (MD, 200 mg kg(-1) day(-1)), and high-dose (HD, 600 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) krill oil treatments have a stepwise, enhanced effect on alleviating hyperlipidemia, and 16S rRNA sequencing of the fecal samples demonstrates that krill oil treatment alters microbial communities. Feces may not represent all microbial communities in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Therefore, in this study, the stored ileal and colon samples collected from LD and HD groups were sequenced, and the location-specific modulations of microbial communities were observed after krill oil treatments...
November 2, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096842/safety-aspects-of-lipidapheresis-using-dali-and-monet-multicenter-observational-study
#20
Justyna Kozik-Jaromin, Eberhard Röseler, Franz Heigl, Ralf Spitthöver, Jens Ringel, Gerd Schmitz, Rainer Heinzler, Nadim Abdul-Rahman, Frank Leistikow, Frido Himmelsbach, Volker Schettler, Ingrid Uhlenbusch-Körwer, Wolfgang Ramlow
BACKGROUND: Lipidapheresis was introduced for intractable hyperlipidemia as a more selective therapy than plasma exchange aiming to enhance efficacy and limit side-effects. Although this therapy is regarded safe, multicenter data from routine application are limited. We investigated direct adsorption of lipoproteins (DALI) and lipofiltration (MONET) regarding the short and the long-term safety aspects. METHODS: This multicenter observational study prospectively evaluated 2154 DALI and 1297 MONET sessions of 122 patients during a period of 2 years...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
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