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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682354/pathology-and-treatment-of-traumatic-cervical-spine-syndrome-whiplash-injury
#1
REVIEW
Nobuhiro Tanaka, Kivanc Atesok, Kazuyoshi Nakanishi, Naosuke Kamei, Toshio Nakamae, Shinji Kotaka, Nobuo Adachi
Traumatic cervical syndrome comprises the various symptoms that occur as a result of external force such as that of a traffic accident. In 1995, the Quebec Task Force on whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) formulated the Quebec classification, with accompanying clinical practice guidelines. These guidelines were in accordance with the stated clinical isolated or combined symptoms of the syndrome: neck pain, headaches, dizziness, numbness of head or face, eye pain, vision loss, double vision, tinnitus, hearing loss, nausea, and numbness and/or weakness of extremities...
2018: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681188/improvement-in-clinical-outcomes-after-dry-needling-versus-myofascial-release-on-pain-pressure-thresholds-quality-of-life-fatigue-pain-intensity-quality-of-sleep-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#2
Adelaida M Castro Sánchez, Hector García López, Manuel Fernández Sánchez, José Manuel Pérez Mármol, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz, Alejandro Luque Suárez, Guillermo Adolfo Matarán Peñarrocha
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus myofascial release on myofascial trigger points pain in cervical muscles, quality of life, impact of symptoms pain, quality of sleep, anxiety, depression, and fatigue in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Sixty-four subjects with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to a dry needling group or a myofascial release group. Pain pressure thresholds of myofascial trigger points were evaluated in the cervical muscles...
April 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678563/pilot-randomized-trial-of-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-neuromuscular-training-for-juvenile-fibromyalgia-the-fit-teens-program
#3
Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, William R Black, Megan Pfeiffer, James Peugh, Sara E Williams, Tracy V Ting, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Gregory D Myer
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) improves coping and daily functioning in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), but is less effective in reducing pain. This pilot trial evaluated the efficacy of a novel intervention (Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens; FIT Teens) which integrates CBT with specialized neuromuscular exercise training to enhance the impact of treatment on reducing pain and disability. Forty adolescents with JFM (12-18 years) were randomized to CBT-only or FIT Teens. Treatment was conducted in group-based sessions over 8 weeks with assessments at baseline, post-treatment, and 3-month follow-up (primary endpoint)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653069/breathing-exercises-must-be-a-real-and-effective-intervention-to-consider-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Pablo Tomás-Carús, Jaime C Branco, Armando Raimundo, José A Parraca, Nuno Batalha, Clarissa Biehl-Printes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Respiratory problems can aggravate pain located in the coincident areas with tender points in the upper half of the body in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and easily become fatigued, thus can lead to a decrease in the functionality of daily activities. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a breathing exercises program on pain thresholds tolerance on tender points and FM impact on daily life. METHODS/DESIGN: Thirty-five women with FM (age 34-67 years) were randomly assigned to an exercise group (n = 18), performing breathing exercises (30 min/session, 7 times/week; for 12 weeks), or to a control group (n = 17)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652782/impaired-trunk-posture-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#5
Núria Sempere-Rubio, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez, Gemma V Espí-López, Sara Cortés-Amador, Eliseo Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó
STUDY TYPE: A cross-sectional study OBJECTIVES.: The main goal of the study was to analyze posture of Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in women compared to healthy subjects in order to establish if posture assessment could be useful to characterize the syndrome. Secondarily, we explored the impact of sedentary behavior on trunk posture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pain has been associated with poor static postures, however there is little information on the effect of FMS, which is characterized by widespread pain, on trunk posture...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652088/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-techniques-for-chronic-pain
#6
REVIEW
Neil E O'Connell, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H DeSouza, Benedict M Wand
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in 2010, Issue 9, and last updated in 2014, Issue 4. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques aim to induce an electrical stimulation of the brain in an attempt to reduce chronic pain by directly altering brain activity. They include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) and reduced impedance non-invasive cortical electrostimulation (RINCE)...
April 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652046/-hydrogalvanic-baths-as-a-method-of-medical-rehabilitation-a-literature-review-and-the-prospects-for-the-clinical-application
#7
I V Borodulina, N G Badalov, A A Mukhina, A O Gushcha
The hydrogalvanic baths provide a tool for the combined application of warm fresh water and low frequency electric current. These procedures are suitable for both systemic and local treatments. The mechanism behind their therapeutic action is based on synergistic effect of two therapeutic agents. This article presents the literature and historical review of the method as well as the current concept of hydrohalvanic therapy. The history of its development is associated with the improvement of the technical equipment and accumulation of clinical experience...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628824/assessment-of-medical-practitioners-knowledge-of-fibromyalgia-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Abdullah Mohammad Kaki, Abdulaziz A Hazazi
Background: Fibromyalgia (FM), a relatively common disease, is difficult to diagnose owing to its subjective symptoms and poor knowledge among medical practitioners. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge regarding FM among medical practitioners in Saudi Arabia and the need for educational programs at the undergraduate level. Subjects and Methods: An online survey was administered to physicians, nurses, and technologist/technicians in different regions of the country...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619620/evidence-based-non-pharmacological-therapies-for-fibromyalgia
#9
REVIEW
Mansoor M Aman, R Jason Yong, Alan David Kaye, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia (FM) is the second most common rheumatologic pain disorder after osteoarthritis with a multisystem presentation. While the treatment of FM in a clinical setting incorporates both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities, the present investigation reviews evolving literature on cognitive behavioral and complementary medical therapies. The recent medical literature on FM was reviewed between 2012 and 2017 via MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials, with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and evidence-based treatment guidelines...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608126/gender-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-and-in-concomitant-medical-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-national-veterans-health-administration-study
#10
Caroline A Arout, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Lori A Bastian, Robert A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a poorly understood, chronically disabling pain syndrome. While research has focused on its clinical presentation and treatment, less is known about fibromyalgia's clinical epidemiology in real-world healthcare systems. Gender differences have been difficult to study because relatively few males are diagnosed with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia nationwide in FY 2012 were compared to Veterans with other pain diagnoses on sociodemographic characteristics, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, health service use, and opioid and psychotropic prescription fills...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601898/qualitative-and-quantitative-aspects-of-pain-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-2
#11
J van Vliet, A A Tieleman, A Verrips, H Timmerman, R T M van Dongen, B G M van Engelen, O H G Wilder-Smith
Pain is a common but often ignored symptom in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). In this explorative study, we assessed qualitative and quantitative aspects of pain in DM2 by means of four questionnaires and quantitative sensory testing. Both a disease control group (fibromyalgia (FMS)) and healthy controls were used to compare the results, as pain in DM2 shows many clinical similarities to pain in FMS. Thirty-four patients with genetically confirmed DM2 (71% female, mean age 54 years), 28 patients with FMS and 33 healthy controls were included, both age- and sex-matched...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597081/a-comparison-of-the-assay-sensitivity-of-average-and-worst-pain-intensity-in-pharmacologic-trials-an-acttion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Shannon M Smith, Mark P Jensen, Hua He, Rachel Kitt, James Koch, Andrew Pan, Laurie B Burke, John T Farrar, Michael P McDermott, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
Identifying methods to improve assay sensitivity in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) may facilitate the discovery of efficacious pain treatments. RCTs evaluating pain treatments typically use average pain intensity (API) or worst pain intensity (WPI) as the primary efficacy outcome. However, little evidence is available comparing the assay sensitivity of these 2 measures. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we comprehensively reviewed all low back pain, osteoarthritis pain, fibromyalgia, diabetic peripheral neuropathy pain, and postherpetic neuralgia RCTs that used a parallel group design...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568566/could-dietary-glutamate-be-contributing-to-the-symptoms-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Kathleen F Holton, Elizabeth W Cotter
A 50-year-old man who had suffered from daily obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms for 39 years, in addition to fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, was enrolled in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial to test the effects of a low-glutamate diet on fibromyalgia/irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. After 1 month on the low-glutamate diet all of his symptoms remitted, including his OCD, which had previously been nonresponsive to pharmacological treatment. This case study is limited by self-report of symptoms; however, glutamatergic neurotransmission appears to be dysregulated in OCD, suggesting biological plausibility for this observation...
March 2018: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563100/effect-of-tai-chi-versus-aerobic-exercise-for-fibromyalgia-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Roger A Fielding, William F Harvey, Kieran F Reid, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Robert Kalish, Ramel Rones, Timothy McAlindon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of tai chi interventions compared with aerobic exercise, a current core standard treatment in patients with fibromyalgia, and to test whether the effectiveness of tai chi depends on its dosage or duration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 52 week, single blind comparative effectiveness trial. SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital in the United States between March 2012 and September 2016...
March 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556121/pregabalin-dispensing-patterns-in-amman-jordan-an-observational-study-from-community-pharmacies
#15
Amneh Al-Husseini, Rana Abu-Farha, Mayyada Wazaify, Marie Claire Van Hout
Objectives: Pregabalin is currently approved for the treatment of epilepsy, generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. Rising attention to the abuse liability of pregabalin causing addictive behaviors is partially based on case reports and published literature of pregabalin used in dosages that override the approved therapeutic range. This study was conducted to provide background data regarding the abuse/misuse of pregabalin from community pharmacy in Jordan. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional observational study design was used, which was conducted at different community pharmacies in Amman-Jordan...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549784/objective-measures-of-sleep-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-relationship-to-clinical-psychiatric-and-immunological-variables
#16
Buğra Çetin, Hüseyin Güleç, Hayal Ergin Toktaş, Özgür Ulutaş, Seda Güleç Yılmaz, Turgay İsbir
We aimed to investigate the changes in the objective and subjective sleep variables during painful episodes of fibromyalgia and post-episode period, and to evaluate the impact of the sleep variables on the current clinical, psychological, and immunologic parameters. Thirty-one consecutive patients who were referred to the Erenköy Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Polyclinic with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia were evaluated before and in the sixth week of the acute pain treatment. The sleep variables were measured by polysomnography, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
March 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547226/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-techniques-for-chronic-pain
#17
REVIEW
Neil E O'Connell, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H DeSouza, Benedict M Wand
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in 2010, Issue 9, and last updated in 2014, Issue 4. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques aim to induce an electrical stimulation of the brain in an attempt to reduce chronic pain by directly altering brain activity. They include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) and reduced impedance non-invasive cortical electrostimulation (RINCE)...
March 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542208/evidence-for-the-improvement-of-fatigue-in-fibromyalgia-a-4-week-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
B M Fitzgibbon, K E Hoy, L A Knox, E K Guymer, G Littlejohn, D Elliot, L E Wambeek, S McQueen, K A Elford, S J Lee, P G Enticott, P B Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a complex chronic disorder with few effective treatments currently available. One promising treatment option is repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that has shown promise in disorders effecting the central nervous system. METHODS: We assessed the efficacy of a course of high-frequency (10Hz) left-hemisphere dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) rTMS in 26 patients (14 active; 12 sham) with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542115/painful-musculosceletal-disorders-and-depression-among-working-aged-migraineurs
#19
M-L Sumelahti, K Mattila, M Sumanen
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal disorders and depression are common among migraineurs. The aim of our study was to evaluate the occurrence of these disorders among working aged migraineurs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The risk for fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthrosis (OA), sciatic syndrome, and the occurrence of depression was studied among cases who reported about these conditions and migraine in working aged Finnish population in The Health and Social Support Study (HeSSup) based on postal questionnaire in 2012...
March 14, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535648/somatic-experiencing-%C3%A2-informed-therapeutic-group-for-the-care-and-treatment-of-biopsychosocial-effects-upon-a-gender-diverse-identity
#20
Paul C Briggs, Sage Hayes, Michael Changaris
Background: Somatic Experiencing® (SE™) is a resiliency-based treatment for autonomic nervous systems dysregulation syndromes, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and physical syndromes like chronic pain, migraines, and fibromyalgia. "Transgender/gender non-conforming/gender variant" describes people whose gender identity/expression is different, at least part of the time, from the sex assigned at birth. Research indicates transgender individuals have a higher incidence of depression, anxiety, victimization, and discrimination...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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