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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#1
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#2
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149237/multimorbidity-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-u-s
#3
Cherise Wong, Stephen J Gange, Richard D Moore, Amy C Justice, Kate Buchacz, Alison G Abraham, Peter F Rebeiro, John R Koethe, Jeffrey N Martin, Michael A Horberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Kelly A Gebo, M John Gill, Michael J Silverberg, Frank J Palella, Pragna Patel, Hasina Samji, Jennifer Thorne, Charles S Rabkin, Angel Mayor, Keri N Althoff
Background: Age-associated conditions are increasingly common among persons living with HIV. A longitudinal investigation of their accrual is needed given their implications on clinical care complexity. We examined trends in the co-occurrence of age-associated conditions among persons living with HIV receiving clinical care, and differences in their prevalence by demographic subgroup. Methods: This cohort study was nested within the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148879/a-multicenter-investigation-of-factors-influencing-women-s-participation-in-clinical-trials
#4
Samantha Myles, Cheryl Tocci, Michele Falk, Stephanie Lynch, Caroline Torres, Barbara Brown, Brandy Leopanto Firman, Marian Lake, Cynthia A Maser, Ameneh Onativia, Erin M Obermeier, Jennifer Macfarlan, Ronald Wapner, John C Smulian, Anita Kurt
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that influence women's participation in clinical research. METHODS: We administered a survey in outpatient and inpatient populations of Obstetrics and Gynecology facilities of six institutions located in four states. The survey included questions regarding any of the participant's past experiences in clinical research and the factors that would influence their participation in clinical research. Analyses included descriptive statistics and a Principal Component Analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147853/biospecimen-donation-among-black-and-white-breast-cancer-survivors-opportunities-to-promote-precision-medicine
#5
Vanessa B Sheppard, Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Yun-Ling Zheng, Ying Wang, Kristi D Graves, Tania Lobo, Hanfei Xu, Yvonne Jennings, Dennis Tolsma, Martha Trout, Brandi E Robinson, Brittany McKinnon, Mahlet Tadesse
PURPOSE: Advances in precision medicine (PM) have potential to reduce and/or eliminate breast cancer disparities in both treatment and survivorship. However, compared to white Americans, black Americans are often underrepresented in genetic research. This report assessed factors that influence receipt of buccal cells via saliva kits. METHODS: This prospective study recruited women with confirmed hormonal-positive (HR+) breast cancer (BC). A standardized telephone survey collected sociodemographic, socio-cultural (e...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146523/factors-that-contribute-to-differences-in-survival-of-black-vs-white-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
Helmneh M Sineshaw, Kimmie Ng, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies reported that black vs white disparities in survival among elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) were due to differences in tumor characteristics (tumor stage, grade, nodal status, and comorbidity) rather than differences in treatment. We sought to determine the sequential contribution of differences in insurance, comorbidity, tumor characteristics, and treatment receipt to the black-white survival disparity among patients with CRC in 18-64 years old...
November 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141994/type-ii-diabetes-and-incidence-of-estrogen-receptor-negative-breast-cancer-in-african-american-women
#7
Julie R Palmer, Nelsy Castro-Webb, Kimberly Bertrand, Traci N Bethea, Gerald V Denis
White women with type II diabetes (T2D) have an estimated 20% increased risk of developing breast cancer. Little is known about associations by breast cancer subtype or among African American (AA) women, who are disproportionately affected by T2D and estrogen receptor negative (ER-) breast cancer. We assessed the relation of T2D to incidence of ER- and ER+ breast cancer in data from the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort of AA women enrolled in 1995 and followed biennially. During 847,934 person-years of follow-up, there were 1,851 incident invasive breast cancers, including 914 ER+ and 468 ER- cases...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140885/john-henryism-coping-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-young-black-adults
#8
Gene H Brody, Tianyi Yu, Gregory E Miller, Katherine B Ehrlich, Edith Chen
OBJECTIVE: To test the novel hypothesis that, among Black Americans who used John Henryism coping, those from low socioeconomic status backgrounds would be more likely to develop metabolic syndrome than would those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: This is an ancillary analysis of SHAPE, a longitudinal cohort of 391 Black youths and their caregivers. From ages 11 to 18 years, family socioeconomic status was assessed. At age 25, John Henryism was assessed, blood samples were drawn, and measurements were taken of blood pressure and waist circumference...
November 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139319/black-h-k-groce-j-t-harmon-c-e-2017-the-hidden-among-the-hidden-african-american-elder-male-caregivers-black-h-k-groce-j-t-harmon-c-e-2017-the-hidden-among-the-hidden-african-american-elder-male-caregivers-new-york-ny-oxford-university-press-192-pp-isbn-9780190602321
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139301/design-of-a-24-week-trial-of-empagliflozin-once-daily-in-hypertensive-black-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Keith C Ferdinand, Leo Seman, Afshin Salsali
OBJECTIVE: Black/African American patients have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetes-related complications, and hypertension, but they are often underrepresented in clinical trials. The sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, empagliflozin, was associated with significant improvements in glucose control (via hemoglobin [Hb] A1c) and reductions in blood pressure (BP; via office and ambulatory BP monitoring) in a primarily white population with T2DM and hypertension...
November 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136232/trayvon-martin-racial-profiling-black-male-stigma-and-social-work-practice
#11
Martell Lee Teasley, Jerome H Schiele, Charles Adams, Nathern S Okilwa
To address a critical gap in the social work literature, this article examines the deleterious effects of racial profiling as it pertains to police targeting of male African Americans. The authors use the Trayvon Martin court case to exemplify how racial profiling and black male stigma help perpetuate social inequality and injustice for black men. A racism-centered perspective is examined historically and contemporarily as a theoretical approach to understanding the role that race plays in social injustice through racial profiling...
November 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134763/trends-in-beverage-consumption-among-children-and-adults-2003-2014
#12
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen, Jonathan Wyatt Koma, Zhonghe Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide the most recent national estimates for beverage consumption among children and adults in the United States. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 18,600 children aged 2 to 19 years and from 27,652 adults aged ≥ 20 years in the 2003 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Total beverage and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption was measured by 24-hour dietary recall. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2014, per capita consumption of all beverages declined significantly among children (473...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133495/trends-in-patient-perceived-shared-decision-making-among-adults-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#13
David M Levine, Bruce E Landon, Jeffrey A Linder
To ascertain changes in shared decision making (SDM), we analyzed data from the nationally representative Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. We aggregated responses to questions into a 7-point SDM composite score. Between 2002 and 2014, the mean SDM composite score increased from 4.4 to 5.0 (P <.01), indicating greater patient-perceived SDM. In multivariate modeling, SDM scores were higher for black vs white patients (+0.33 points) and those with a same-race/ethnicity usual source of care (+0.24 points; both P <...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#14
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131339/geographic-disparities-in-access-to-nursing-home-services-assessing-fiscal-stress-and-quality-of-care
#15
Young Joo Park, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVE: We test whether nursing homes serving predominately low-income and racial minority residents (compositional explanation) or located in neighborhoods with higher concentrations of low-income and racial minority residents (contextual explanation) have worse financial outcomes and care quality. DATA SOURCES: Healthcare Cost Report Information System, Nursing Home Compare, Online Survey Certification and Reporting Certification, and American Community Survey...
November 12, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128869/association-of-the-hospital-readmissions-reduction-program-implementation-with-readmission-and-mortality-outcomes-in-heart-failure
#16
Ankur Gupta, Larry A Allen, Deepak L Bhatt, Margueritte Cox, Adam D DeVore, Paul A Heidenreich, Adrian F Hernandez, Eric D Peterson, Roland A Matsouaka, Clyde W Yancy, Gregg C Fonarow
Importance: Public reporting of hospitals' 30-day risk-standardized readmission rates following heart failure hospitalization and the financial penalization of hospitals with higher rates have been associated with a reduction in 30-day readmissions but have raised concerns regarding the potential for unintended consequences. Objective: To examine the association of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) with readmission and mortality outcomes among patients hospitalized with heart failure within a prospective clinical registry that allows for detailed risk adjustment...
November 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124541/hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-potential-among-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-in-three-u-s-cities
#17
Heather A Joseph, Yi Pan, Maria Mendoza, Nina T Harawa, Jennifer Lauby, Sybil G Hosek, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Mary Milnamow, Maria Isabel Fernandez, William L Jeffries, Lisa Belcher, Gregorio A Millett
Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) are at increased HIV risk, but few efficacious interventions meet their unique needs. Three HIV prevention interventions were evaluated with a common protocol. Baseline data were pooled to describe sexual behavior involving transmission risk with male, female, and male-to-female transgender partners and identify factors associated with transmission risk. BMSMW from Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Chicago who reported sexual risk and bisexual behavior in the past year were recruited via modified chain referral sampling and community recruitment...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124502/facilitators-and-barriers-for-advance-care-planning-among-ethnic-and-racial-minorities-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
Michin Hong, Eun-Hye Yi, Kimberly J Johnson, Margaret E Adamek
Growing evidence suggests a low engagement in advance care planning (ACP) among ethnic minorities in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to synthesize findings from prior research about ACP among ethnic minorities. An extensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases. After applying inclusion criteria, 26 studies were included. Four categories of facilitators and barriers to ACP were identified: (1) Socio-demographic factors, (2) health status, literacy and experiences, (3) cultural values, and (4) spirituality...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121731/normal-findings-on-noninvasive-cardiac-assessment-and-the-prediction-of-heart-failure-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#19
Stephen T Broughton, Wesley T O'Neal, Mouaz Al-Mallah, David A Bluemke, Susan R Heckbert, Joao A C Lima, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if normal findings on noninvasive cardiac assessment are able to identify individuals who are low risk for developing heart failure (HF). METHODS: We examined if normal findings on the routine electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were able to identify individuals who are low risk for developing HF in 4986 (mean age=62±10years; 52% women; 39% White; 13% Chinese-American; 26% Black; 22% Hispanic) participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis who were free of clinically apparent HF at baseline...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121347/race-ethnic-variations-in-quitline-use-among-us-adult-tobacco-users-in-45-states-2011-2013
#20
LaTisha L Marshall, Lei Zhang, Ann M Malarcher, Nathan H Mann, Brian A King, Robert L Alexander
Introduction: State quitlines provide free telephone-based cessation services and are available in all states. However, quitlines presently reach 1% of US cigarette smokers. We assessed variations in quitline reach by race/ethnicity across 45 US states included in the National Quitline Data Warehouse, a repository on non-identifiable data reported by state quitlines. Methods: During 2011 to 2013, we analyzed 1 220 171 records from the National Quitline Data Warehouse...
November 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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