keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Black American

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913306/effect-of-bradykinin-receptor-antagonism-on-ace-inhibitor-associated-angioedema
#1
Brittany T Straka, Claudia E Ramirez, James B Byrd, Elizabeth Stone, Alencia Woodard-Grice, Hui Nian, Chang Yu, Aleena Banerji, Nancy J Brown
BACKGROUND: The B2 receptor antagonist icatibant is approved for treatment of attacks of hereditary angioedema. Icatibant has been reported to decrease time-to-resolution of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-associated angioedema in one study of European patients. METHODS: Patients with ACE inhibitor-associated angioedema (defined as swelling of lips, tongue, pharynx or face during ACE inhibitor use and no swelling in the absence of ACE inhibitor use) were enrolled at Vanderbilt University Medical Center from October 2007 through September 2015 and at Massachusetts General Hospital in 2012...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911486/extended-mortality-results-for-prostate-cancer-screening-in-the-plco-trial-with-median-follow-up-of-15-years
#2
Paul F Pinsky, Philip C Prorok, Kelly Yu, Barnett S Kramer, Amanda Black, John K Gohagan, E David Crawford, Robert L Grubb, Gerald L Andriole
BACKGROUND: Two large-scale prostate cancer screening trials using prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have given conflicting results in terms of the efficacy of such screening. One of those trials, the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial, previously reported outcomes with 13 years of follow-up. This study presents updated findings from the PLCO trial. METHODS: The PLCO trial randomized subjects from 1993 to 2001 to an intervention or control arm...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911088/african-american-women-s-perspectives-on-donating-healthy-breast-tissue-for-research-implications-for-recruitment
#3
Katherine E Ridley-Merriweather, Katharine J Head
African American women die of breast cancer at a higher rate than any other racial group. The Komen Tissue Bank (KTB) is an ongoing clinical trial that collects healthy breast tissue from women of all racial groups to use as controls in research and represents a critical tool in efforts to treat and prevent breast cancer; however, African Americans display reticence toward donating breast tissue to the KTB. Through the lens of the Integrated Behavioral Model, this study recruited African American women to share their perspectives on donating breast tissue for research purposes...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909061/understanding-socioenvironmental-contributors-to-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-disability-among-older-americans
#4
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
Our understanding of the mechanisms through which racial/ethnic disparities in disability in older adults develop and are maintained is limited. We examined the role of physical impairment, socioeconomic factors and health for racial/ethnic disparities in activities of daily living (ADL), and the modifying role of the indoor home environment. Data come from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 5,640), and negative binomial regression models were specified separately for men and women. Blacks and Hispanics reported more ADL difficulty than Whites...
November 30, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908433/central-venous-catheter-infections-in-home-parenteral-nutrition-patients-outcomes-from-sustain-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-s-national-patient-registry-for-nutrition-care
#5
Vicki M Ross, Peggi Guenter, Mandy L Corrigan, Debra Kovacevich, Marion F Winkler, Helaine E Resnick, Tina L Norris, Lawrence Robinson, Ezra Steiger
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is a high-cost, complex nutrition support therapy that requires the use of central venous catheters. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are among the most serious risks of this therapy. Sustain: American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition's National Patient Registry for Nutrition Care (Sustain registry) provides the most current and comprehensive data for studying CLABSI among a national cohort of HPN patients in the United States...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907240/photo-realistic-statistical-skull-morphotypes-new-exemplars-for-ancestry-and-sex-estimation-in-forensic-anthropology
#6
Jodi Caple, Carl N Stephan
Graphic exemplars of cranial sex and ancestry are essential to forensic anthropology for standardizing casework, training analysts, and communicating group trends. To date, graphic exemplars have comprised hand-drawn sketches, or photographs of individual specimens, which risks bias/subjectivity. Here, we performed quantitative analysis of photographic data to generate new photo-realistic and objective exemplars of skull form. Standardized anterior and left lateral photographs of skulls for each sex were analyzed in the computer graphics program Psychomorph for the following groups: South African Blacks, South African Whites, American Blacks, American Whites, and Japanese...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906906/vital-signs-trends-in-hiv-diagnoses-risk-behaviors-and-prevention-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-united-states
#7
Cyprian Wejnert, Kristen L Hess, H Irene Hall, Michelle Van Handel, Demorah Hayes, Paul Fulton, Qian An, Linda J Koenig, Joseph Prejean, Linda A Valleroy
BACKGROUND: Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for poor health outcomes and bloodborne infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus infections. Although substantial progress has been made in reducing HIV infections among PWID, recent changes in drug use could challenge this success. METHODS: CDC used National HIV Surveillance System data to analyze trends in HIV diagnoses. Further, National HIV Behavioral Surveillance interviews of PWID in 22 cities were analyzed to describe risk behaviors and use of prevention services among all PWID and among PWID who first injected drugs during the 5 years before their interview (new PWID)...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905175/racial-disparity-in-all-cause-mortality-among-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-individuals-in-a-general-us-population-nhanes-iii
#8
B Emmanuel, M D Shardell, L Tracy, S Kottilil, S S El-Kamary
There are few long-term nationally representative studies of all-cause mortality among those infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). When an additional 5 years of data were made publicly available in 2015, the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Linked Mortality File became the longest nationally representative study in the United States. Our objective was to update the estimated HCV-associated all-cause mortality in the general US population and determine any differences by sex, age and race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904021/scanning-electron-microscopic-study-on-the-tongues-of-seven-avian-species
#9
Shoichi Emura
The dorsal lingual surface of the grey crowned crane (Balearica regulorum), American flamingo (Phoenicopterus rubber), great egret (Ardea alba), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus), black-necked stilt (himantopus mexicanus) and green macaw (Ara militaris) were examined by scanning electron microscopy. In the grey crowned crane, the surface of the lingual apex was relatively rough. Many openings of the lingual glands in both lateral regions of the lingual body were observed...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899373/influence-of-geolocation-and-ethnicity-on-the-phenotypic-expression-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-at-diagnosis-in-8310-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-big-data-sj%C3%A3-gren-project-consortium
#10
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Margit Zeher, Astrid Rasmussen, Raphaele Seror, Elke Theander, Xiaomei Li, Chiara Baldini, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Debashish Danda, Luca Quartuccio, Roberta Priori, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Aike A Kruize, Valeria Valim, Marika Kvarnstrom, Damien Sene, Roberto Gerli, Sonja Praprotnik, David Isenberg, Roser Solans, Maureen Rischmueller, Seung-Ki Kwok, Gunnel Nordmark, Yasunori Suzuki, Roberto Giacomelli, Valerie Devauchelle-Pensec, Michele Bombardieri, Benedikt Hofauer, Hendrika Bootsma, Johan G Brun, Guadalupe Fraile, Steven E Carsons, Tamer A Gheita, Jacques Morel, Cristina Vollenveider, Fabiola Atzeni, Soledad Retamozo, Ildiko Fanny Horvath, Kathy Sivils, Thomas Mandl, Pulukool Sandhya, Salvatore De Vita, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Eefje van der Heijden, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Xavier Mariette, Manuel Ramos-Casals
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of geolocation and ethnicity on the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) at diagnosis. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry designed in 2014. By January 2016, 20 centres from five continents were participating. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 7748 women (93%) and 562 men (7%), with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897005/strategies-for-equitable-pharmacogenomic-guided-warfarin-dosing-among-european-and-african-american-individuals-in-a-clinical-population
#11
Laura K Wiley, Jacob P Vanhouten, David C Samuels, Melinda C Aldrich, Dan M Roden, Josh F Peterson, Joshua C Denny
The blood thinner warfarin has a narrow therapeutic range and high inter- and intra-patient variability in therapeutic doses. Several studies have shown that pharmacogenomic variants help predict stable warfarin dosing. However, retrospective and randomized controlled trials that employ dosing algorithms incorporating pharmacogenomic variants under perform in African Americans. This study sought to determine if: 1) including additional variants associated with warfarin dose in African Americans, 2) predicting within single ancestry groups rather than a combined population, or 3) using percentage African ancestry rather than observed race, would improve warfarin dosing algorithms in African Americans...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893853/four-decades-of-obesity-trends-among-non-hispanic-whites-and-blacks-in-the-united-states-analyzing-the-influences-of-educational-inequalities-in-obesity-and-population-improvements-in-education
#12
Yan Yu
Both obesity (body mass index ≥ 30) and educational attainment have increased dramatically in the United States since the 1970s. This study analyzed the influences of educational inequalities in obesity and population improvements in education on national obesity trends between 1970 and 2010. For non-Hispanic white and black males and females aged 25-74 years, educational differences in the probability of being obese were estimated from the 1971-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, and population distributions of age and educational groups, from the 1970 Census and 2010 American Community Survey...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893593/trends-in-selected-measures-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-gonorrhea-and-syphilis-in-the-united-states-1981-2013
#13
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine selected measures of racial and ethnic disparities in the reported incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea from 1981 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: For each year, from 1981 to 2013, we calculated values for 5 disparity measures (Gini coefficient, 2 versions of the index of disparity, population attributable proportion, and the black-to-white rate ratio) for 5 racial/ethnic categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893276/opportunities-for-hiv-prevention-communication-during-sexual-encounters-with-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Tiffiany M Aholou, Jose Nanin, Kathryn Drumhiller, Madeline Y Sutton
Conversations about HIV prevention before engaging in sex may result in safer sex practices and decreased HIV transmission. However, partner communication for HIV prevention has been understudied among black/African American men who have sex with men (BMSM), a group that is disproportionately affected by HIV. We explored and described encounters and perceptions about HIV prevention conversations among BMSM and their sex partner(s) in New York City. We conducted an inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with BMSM who reported sex with a man in the previous 3 months...
November 28, 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886722/gender-race-the-veteran-wage-gap
#15
Brandon Vick, Gabrielle Fontanella
This paper analyzes earnings outcomes of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. We utilize the 2009-2013 American Community Survey and a worker-matching methodology to decompose wage differences between veteran and non-veteran workers. Among fully-employed, 25-40 year-olds, veteran workers make 3% less than non-veteran workers. While male veterans make 9% less than non-veterans, female and black veterans experience a wage premium (2% and 7% respectively). Decomposition of the earnings gap identifies some of its sources...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885044/blood-clotting-behavior-is-innately-modulated-in-ursus-americanus-during-early-and-late-denning-relative-to-summer-months
#16
Tinen L Iles, Timothy G Laske, David L Garshelis, Paul A Iaizzo
Remarkably, American black bears (Ursus Americanus) are capable of varying their heart rates to coincide with their breathing, creating pauses of 30 seconds or more, yet they do not appear to suffer from embolic events. We evaluated some features of the clotting cascade of black bears, providing novel insights on the underlying mechanisms they evoke for embolic protection during hibernation.We measured activated clotting times, prothrombin times, and activated partial thromboplastin times during early-denning (December), late-denning (March), and summer (August)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883980/progression-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-japanese-american-men-and-white-men-in-the-era-jump-study
#17
Vasudha Ahuja, Kamal Masaki, Abhishek Vishnu, Lei Ye, Bradley Wilcox, Christina Wassel, Akira Fujiyoshi, Emma J M Barinas-Mitchell, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsuga Ueshima, Beatriz L Rodriguez, Daniel Edmundowicz, Akira Sekikawa
BACKGROUND: Progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and is reported to be greater in whites than blacks, Hispanics, and Chinese in the US. Our objective was to compare progression of CAC between Japanese Americans and whites. METHODS: Population-based sample of 303 Japanese American men and 310 white men aged 40-49years, free of clinical cardiovascular disease at baseline, were examined for CAC at baseline (2004-2007) and follow-up (2008-2013)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881423/association-of-systemic-arterial-properties-with-right-ventricular-morphology-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-right-ventricle-study
#18
Nadine Al-Naamani, Julio A Chirinos, Payman Zamani, Robin Ruthazer, Jessica K Paulus, Kari E Roberts, R Graham Barr, Joao A Lima, David A Bluemke, Richard Kronmal, Steven M Kawut
BACKGROUND: Systemic arterial stiffness is recognized as a major contributor to development of left ventricular dysfunction and failure; however, the relationship of systemic arterial properties and the right ventricle (RV) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The associations between systemic arterial measures (total arterial compliance [TAC], systemic vascular resistance [SVR], and aortic augmentation index [AI]) and RV morphology (mass, end-systolic [RVESV] and end-diastolic volume [RVEDV], and ejection fraction [RVEF]) were examined using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880053/disparities-in-emergency-department-visits-in-american-children-with-asthma-2006-2010
#19
Qi Zhang, Rajan Lamichhane, Leigh Diggs
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trends in emergency department (ED) visits for asthma among American children in 2006-2010 across socio-demographic factors, parental smoking status, and children's body weight status. METHODS: We analyzed 5,535 children aged 2-17 with current asthma in the Asthma Call-Back Survey in 2006-2010. Multivariate log binomial regression was used to examine the disparities of ED visits by demographics, socioeconomic status, parental smoking status, children's body weight status, and the level of asthma control...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879320/the-relationship-between-mental-representations-of-welfare-recipients-and-attitudes-toward-welfare
#20
Jazmin L Brown-Iannuzzi, Ron Dotsch, Erin Cooley, B Keith Payne
Scholars have argued that opposition to welfare is, in part, driven by stereotypes of African Americans. This argument assumes that when individuals think about welfare, they spontaneously think about Black recipients. We investigated people's mental representations of welfare recipients. In Studies 1 and 2, we used a perceptual task to visually estimate participants' mental representations of welfare recipients. Compared with the average non-welfare-recipient image, the average welfare-recipient image was perceived (by a separate sample) as more African American and more representative of stereotypes associated with welfare recipients and African Americans...
November 22, 2016: Psychological Science
keyword
keyword
64144
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"