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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430921/association-between-cardiovascular-health-and-endothelial-function-with-future-erectile-dysfunction-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#1
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Kiarri Kershaw, Kiang Liu, David Herrington, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: The association of Cardiovascular Health (CVH; defined by the American Heart Association by assigning points for health-related behavioral and clinical factors) with endothelial and erectile dysfunction has not been reported, although endothelial and erectile dysfunction have been associated with components of CVH. METHODS: Data were collected in 1,136 men in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis at baseline and erectile dysfunction status (measured by survey or medication use) at exam 5...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429791/social-and-anthropometric-factors-explaining-racial-ethnical-differences-in-birth-weight-in-the-united-states
#2
Naho Morisaki, Ichiro Kawachi, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
Though disparities in birth weight by race/ethnicity have been extensively reported in the United States, few studies have systematically investigated factors attributing to its variability. For 10,638,415 singleton infants born during 2009-2012 in the United States, we examined birth weight differences among 14 races and ethnicities (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, American Indian, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban), after sequentially adjusting for maternal, socio-economic and behavioral factors...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427484/racial-and-ethnic-subgroup-disparities-in-hypertension-prevalence-new-york-city-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#3
Kezhen Fei, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Marcel Ramos, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi, Claudia Chernov, Sharon E Perlman, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic minority adults have higher rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic white adults. We examined the prevalence of hypertension among Hispanic and Asian subgroups in New York City. METHODS: Data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess hypertension prevalence among adults (aged ≥20) in New York City (n = 1,476). Hypertension was measured (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported hypertension and use of blood pressure medication)...
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426694/prediction-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-using-a-set-of-risk-factors-from-pooled-cohort-risk-equations
#4
Zefeng Zhang, Cathleen Gillespie, Barbara Bowman, Quanhe Yang
The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association developed Pooled Cohort equations to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is unclear how well the equations predict ASCVD mortality in a nationally representative cohort. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 and Linked Mortality through 2006 (n = 6,644). Among participants aged 40-79 years without ASCVD at baseline, we used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the 10-year probability of ASCVD death by sex and race-ethnicity (non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB) and Mexican American (MA))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426300/overview-of-asian-american-data-collection-release-and-analysis-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2018
#5
Ryne Paulose-Ram, Vicki Burt, Lisa Broitman, Namanjeet Ahluwalia
Data System. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics, is a cross-sectional survey on the health and nutritional status of US adults and children. Data Collection/Processing. A complex, multistage probability design is used to select a sample representative of the US civilian, noninstitutionalized population. NHANES includes in-home interviews, physical examinations, and biospecimen collection. About 5000 persons are examined annually...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422140/the-evolutionary-history-of-bears-is-characterized-by-gene-flow-across-species
#6
Vikas Kumar, Fritjof Lammers, Tobias Bidon, Markus Pfenninger, Lydia Kolter, Maria A Nilsson, Axel Janke
Bears are iconic mammals with a complex evolutionary history. Natural bear hybrids and studies of few nuclear genes indicate that gene flow among bears may be more common than expected and not limited to polar and brown bears. Here we present a genome analysis of the bear family with representatives of all living species. Phylogenomic analyses of 869 mega base pairs divided into 18,621 genome fragments yielded a well-resolved coalescent species tree despite signals for extensive gene flow across species. However, genome analyses using different statistical methods show that gene flow is not limited to closely related species pairs...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420266/lessons-learned-from-the-field-testing-of-healthy-love-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-black-women
#7
Carla A Galindo, Tai E Few, Brandy Daniels, Carolyn P Parks, Dázon D Diallo, L Nyrobi N Moss, Aisha L Wilkes, G Chezia Carraway
BACKGROUND: Healthy Love is a brief, highly interactive, single-session, group-level HIV prevention intervention designed for African American women that is effective at reducing sex risk behaviors and increasing condom use and HIV testing among participants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, through a contract, developed a user-friendly intervention package that would allow organizations to adopt and implement Healthy Love with fidelity. METHOD: Training and implementation materials were developed to support original research protocols, and piloted and revised to conduct field-testing with case study agencies (CSAs)...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420049/the-spectrum-of-neuropsychiatric-lupus-in-a-black-caribbean-population-a-report-of-the-barbados-national-lupus-registry
#8
C Flower, I Hambleton, D Corbin, S Marquez, R Edghill
Objective The objective of this study was to examine neuropsychiatric lupus in a Black Caribbean population. Methods We reviewed Barbados National Lupus Registry patients with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria and a diagnosis of neuropsychiatric lupus using the American College of Rheumatology 19 case definitions. Results From 366 patients with four or more American College of Rheumatology criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus, 55 (15%) had evidence of neuropsychiatric lupus. There were 51 females and four males (F:M = 13:1) with a median age of 31 years...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419113/evaluation-of-harvest-and-information-needs-for-north-american-sea-ducks
#9
Mark D Koneff, Guthrie S Zimmerman, Chris P Dwyer, Kathleen K Fleming, Paul I Padding, Patrick K Devers, Fred A Johnson, Michael C Runge, Anthony J Roberts
Wildlife managers routinely seek to establish sustainable limits of sport harvest or other regulated forms of take while confronted with considerable uncertainty. A growing body of ecological research focuses on methods to describe and account for uncertainty in management decision-making and to prioritize research and monitoring investments to reduce the most influential uncertainties. We used simulation methods incorporating measures of demographic uncertainty to evaluate risk of overharvest and prioritize information needs for North American sea ducks (Tribe Mergini)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417064/adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-presenting-as-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#10
Ahmed Dirweesh, Waqas Siddiqui, Muhammad Khan, Praneet Iyer, Marc Seelagy
Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) usually presents as severe microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and thrombocytopenia in a previously healthy individual. It occurs in approximately three in one million adults and 1 in 10 million children annually. The incidence is increased in females and blacks. Diagnosing TTP and initiating therapy with plasma exchange is a must to avoid preventable complications. Acquired thromotic microangiopathy has been linked to collagen vascular diseases, use of certain medications, organ transplants, infections, pregnancy and cancer...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414685/association-of-state-mandated-abstinence-only-sexuality-education-with-rates-of-adolescent-hiv-infection-and-teenage-pregnancy
#11
L M Elliot, M M Booth, G Patterson, M Althoff, C K Bush, M A Dery
INTRODUCTION: Abstinence-only sexuality education (AOSE); is required in the public school systems of many states, raising public health concerns and perpetuating health disparities through school systems. This study aimed to determine the correlations between state-mandated AOSE and the rates of adolescent HIV and teen pregnancy. METHODS: Using publicly available data on all 50 United States' laws and policies on AOSE, states were ranked according to their level of abstinence emphasis on sexuality education (Level 0 - Level 3);...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413829/prioritizing-us-cervical-cancer-prevention-with-results-from-a-geospatial-model
#12
Jonathan K Kish, Alicia I Rolin, Zhaohui Zou, James E Cucinelli, Zaria Tatalovich, Mona Saraiya, Sean F Altekruse
PURPOSE: To determine if differences in screening and vaccination patterns across the population may accentuate ethnic and geographic variation in future burden of disease. METHODS: Using Cancer in North America data provided by the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries, county cervical cancer incidence trends from 1995 to 2009 were modeled for the entire United States using ecologic covariates. Rates for health service areas were also modeled by ethnicity...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411329/racial-and-ethnic-difference-in-falls-among-older-adults-results-from-the-california-health-interview-survey
#13
Simona C Kwon, Benjamin H Han, Julie A Kranick, Laura C Wyatt, Caroline S Blaum, Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that fall risk among older adults varies by racial/ethnic groups; however, few studies have examined fall risk among Hispanics and Asian American older adults. METHODS: Using 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey data, this study examines falling ≥2 times in the past year by racial/ethnic groups (Asian Americans, Hispanics, and Blacks) aged ≥65, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index, co-morbidities, and functional limitations...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410861/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-health-by-occupation-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-u-s-workers-aged-%C3%A2-45-years
#14
Leslie A MacDonald, Stephen Bertke, Misty J Hein, Suzanne Judd, Sherry Baron, Robert Merritt, Virginia J Howard
INTRODUCTION: Identification of groups with poor cardiovascular health (CVH) can inform where and how to target public health efforts. National prevalence estimates of CVH were derived for clinical (blood glucose, total cholesterol, blood pressure) and behavioral (BMI, diet quality, physical activity, smoking) factors among U.S. workers aged ≥45 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 6,282 employed black and white men and women aged ≥45 years enrolled in the national population-based REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study from 2003 to 2007...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409741/impact-of-comorbidities-among-medicaid-enrollees-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2009
#15
Gloria Westney, Marilyn G Foreman, Junjun Xu, Marshaleen Henriques King, Eric Flenaugh, George Rust
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity, the presence of 2 or more chronic conditions, frequently affects people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many have high-cost, highly complex conditions that have a substantial impact on state Medicaid programs. We quantified the cost of Medicaid-insured patients with COPD co-diagnosed with other chronic disorders. METHODS: We used nationally representative Medicaid claims data to analyze the impact of comorbidities (other chronic conditions) on the disease burden, emergency department (ED) use, hospitalizations, and total health care costs among 291,978 adult COPD patients...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409359/on-the-battlefield-the-black-church-public-health-and-the-fight-against-hiv-among-african-american-gay-and-bisexual-men
#16
William L Jeffries Iv, Madeline Y Sutton, Agatha N Eke
HIV affects African American gay and bisexual men (AAGBM) more disproportionately than any other group in the USA. The Black Church, which has been a historic mainstay for African American empowerment and well-being, has the potential to be a public health partner for HIV prevention with AAGBM. Public health partnerships with the Black Church can strengthen HIV prevention efforts with AAGBM by [1] adapting church-based prevention strategies developed for other African American subgroups [2], providing prevention and referral services [3], considering how scripture supports prevention efforts, and [4] emphasizing the tenets of liberation theology...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407748/the-role-of-ethnicity-in-pathways-to-emergency-psychiatric-services-for-clients-with-psychosis
#17
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Rachel Ptashny, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency mental health care in Toronto for clients with psychosis, while taking into account neighborhood factors. Previous literature has focused on Afro-Caribbean clients, reporting an increased risk of accessing mental health care through negative pathways. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for clients from 6 different ethnic origin groups presenting with psychosis - East Asian, South Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, White European, and White North American - was undertaken in a psychiatric emergency department (ED)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407644/mobile-phone-and-internet-use-mostly-for-sex-seeking-and-associations-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sample-characteristics-among-black-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-3-us-cities
#18
Jacob E Allen, Gordon Mansergh, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman, Jeffrey H Herbst
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a relatively high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines the association of self-reported STIs and use of mobile phones and/or computer-based Internet to meet sexual partners among black and Hispanic/Latino MSM in the United States. METHODS: Black and Hispanic/Latino MSM (N = 853) were recruited from 3 US cities (Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; and Fort Lauderdale, FL) via online and community outreach...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407201/cancer-incidence-profile-in-sub-saharan-african-born-blacks-in-the-united-states-similarities-and-differences-with-us-born-non-hispanic-blacks
#19
Genet A Medhanie, Stacey A Fedewa, Hibret Adissu, Carol E DeSantis, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan African-born blacks (ABs) are one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States. However, to the authors' knowledge, data regarding the cancer burden in this group are lacking, which would inform targeted cancer prevention and control. METHODS: The authors calculated age-standardized proportional incidence ratios (PIRs) comparing the frequency of the top 15 cancers in ABs with that of US-born non-Hispanic blacks (USBs) by sex and region of birth using incidence data for 2000 through 2012 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER 17) program...
April 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406271/the-relationship-between-higher-social-trust-and-lower-late-hiv-diagnosis-and-mortality-differs-by-race-ethnicity-results-from-a-state-level-analysis
#20
Yusuf Ransome, Ashley Batson, Sandro Galea, Ichiro Kawachi, Denis Nash, Kenneth H Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to suffer a disproportionate burden of new HIV diagnoses and mortality. To better understand some of the reasons for these profound disparities, we examined whether the association between social trust and late HIV diagnosis and mortality differed by race/ethnicity, and investigated potential indirect effects of any observed differences. METHODS: We performed generalized structural equation modelling to assess main and interaction associations between trust among one's neighbours in 2009 (i...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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