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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636782/changing-trends-in-complications-of-chronic-hepatitis-c
#1
Mei Lu, Jia Li, Loralee B Rupp, Yueren Zhou, Scott D Holmberg, Anne C Moorman, Philip R Spradling, Eyasu H Teshale, Joseph A Boscarino, Yihe G Daida, Mark A Schmidt, Sheri Trudeau, Stuart C Gordon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related complications have increased over the past decade. METHODS: We used join-point regression modeling to investigate trends in these complications from 2006-2015, and the impact of demographics on these trends. Using data from the Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study (CHeCS), we identified points at which the trend significantly changed, and estimated the annual percent change (APC) in rates of cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, and all-cause mortality, adjusted by race, sex, and age...
June 21, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636089/geographic-substructure-in-craniometric-estimates-of-admixture-for-contemporary-american-populations
#2
Bridget F B Algee-Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates heterogeneity in craniometrically-derived estimates of admixture in order to reveal population substructure in a sample of Black, White, Hispanic, and Native American individuals from the FDB. It reports evidence of spatial trends in population-specific patterns of admixture and contextualizes its results in terms of demographic diversity in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The FDB was sampled to capture the population variation within forensic casework, skeletal collections, and the U...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634217/incident-cardiovascular-disease-among-adults-with-blood-pressure-140-90-mm-hg
#3
Gabriel S Tajeu, John N Booth, Lisandro D Colantonio, Rebecca F Gottesman, George Howard, Daniel T Lackland, Emily O'Brien, Suzanne Oparil, Joseph E Ravenell, Monika M Safford, Samantha R Seals, Daichi Shimbo, Steven Shea, Tanya M Spruill, Rikki M Tanner, Paul Muntner
Background -Data from before the 2000s indicate the majority of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events occur among US adults with systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)≥140/90 mmHg. Over the past several decades, BP declined and hypertension control has improved. Methods -We estimated the percentage of incident CVD events that occur at SBP/DBP<140/90 mmHg in a pooled analysis of three contemporary US cohorts: the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), and the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) (n=31,856; REGARDS=21,208; MESA=6,779; JHS=3,869)...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633750/evaluating-cultural-competency-and-patient-satisfaction-in-an-urban-dermatology-clinic
#4
Jordan V Wang, Nicholas Ross, Matthew Keller
Cultural competency continues to gain increased attention in medicine. Not only does it play a significant role in the delivery of health care and patient outcomes, but it also remains a major determinant of patient satisfaction. This study investigated how patients in an urban dermatology clinic rated their satisfaction with cultural competency. Compared to White patients, satisfaction scores were greater for Hispanic or Latino patients and less for Asian patients, while there was no significant difference for Black or African American patients...
June 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633326/the-association-between-subjective-memory-complaints-and-sleep-within-older-african-american-adults
#5
Alyssa A Gamaldo, Regina S Wright, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Jason C Allaire, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to examine the association between subjective memory complaints and sleep (quantity and quality) in African American older adults. Method: Participants from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging (BSBA; n = 351; mean age = 71.99) completed a self-report sleep scale, subjective memory complaint scale, global cognitive status measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results: Worse overall sleep quality was significantly associated with subjective reports of difficulty recalling the placement of objects, recalling specific facts from reading materials, and worse memory currently compared to the past...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631395/a-univariate-approach-to-sex-estimation-for-the-fragmentary-upper-limb
#6
Rosanne Bongiovanni, Carrie B LeGarde
Although there are numerous reliable multivariate models for sex estimation, many scenarios, both forensic and archaeological, result in the recovery of fragmentary remains, which prevents the collection of various standard measurements. The purpose of this research was to establish metric applications for sex estimation from the distal humerus and distal radius of European/American Whites and American Blacks. Data for this research were retrieved from a sample consisting of a larger database from multiple skeletal collections...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629561/multi-contrast-and-three-dimensional-assessment-of-the-aortic-wall-using-3t-mri
#7
Thomas Wehrum, Iulius Dragonu, Christoph Strecker, Jürgen Hennig, Andreas Harloff
OBJECTIVES: To develop a 3D-multi-contrast MRI protocol allowing for high resolution imaging of the wall and of atheroma in the thoracic aorta. METHODS: Eleven healthy volunteers and eleven acute stroke patients with aortic plaques detected by TEE underwent MRI at 3T. The MRI-protocol consisted of a T1w-bright-blood, a T2w- and a PDw-black-blood sequence (spatial resolution=1.15mm(3)). Image quality was assessed by two blinded investigators using a 3-point score and intra- and inter-rater agreement was tested...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625448/the-effect-of-race-on-postsurgical-ambulatory-medical-follow-up-among-united-states-veterans
#8
Robert B Schonberger, Feng Dai, Cynthia Brandt, Matthew M Burg
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between self-identified black or African American race and the presence of ambulatory internal medicine follow-up in the year after surgery. Our hypothesis was that among US Veterans who presented for surgery, black or African American race would be associated with a decreased likelihood to receive ambulatory internal medicine follow-up in the year after surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective observational. SETTING: All US Veterans Affairs hospitals...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624126/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-u-s-breastfeeding-and-implications-for-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes
#9
Adetola Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Melina Taylor, Alison M Stuebe
Marked racial and ethnic disparities exist in infant feeding in the United States. Based on a review of recent literature, this article examines current discrepancies between the 2020 Healthy People breastfeeding goals and current breastfeeding rates among women from different ethnic groups in the United States. We discuss maternal and child health outcomes associated with breastfeeding, and we review potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in the United States, especially among non-Hispanic Black, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Hispanic/Latina populations...
June 14, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618394/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-of-male-breast-cancer-according-to-race-a-seer-population-based-study
#10
He-Fen Sun, Yang Zhao, Shui-Ping Gao, Liang-Dong Li, Wen-Yan Fu, Hong-Lin Jiang, Meng-Ting Chen, Li-Peng Yang, Wei Jin
To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of breast cancer in the male population, 8,607 cases of patients were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, including white males (n = 7122), black males (n = 1111), and other males (American Indian/AK Native, Asian/Pacific Islander) (n = 374). Black male breast cancer patients were more likely to be in stages II-IV and have more advanced tumors. The rate of lymph node (LN) involvement at diagnosis was higher in black men than in whites and others...
May 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616719/are-partner-race-and-intimate-partner-violence-associated-with-incident-and-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infection-in-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Matthew R Beymer, Nina T Harawa, Robert E Weiss, Chelsea L Shover, Brian R Toynes, Steven Meanley, Robert K Bolan
Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (BMSM) experience a disparate rate of HIV infections among MSM. Previous analyses have determined that STI coinfection and undiagnosed HIV infection partly explain the disparity. However, few studies have analyzed the impact of partner-level variables on HIV incidence among BMSM. Data were analyzed for BMSM who attended the Los Angeles LGBT Center from August 2011 to July 2015 (n = 1974) to identify risk factors for HIV infection. A multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze predictors for HIV prevalence among all individuals at first test (n = 1974; entire sample)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614909/global-patterns-and-trends-in-stomach-cancer-incidence-age-period-and-birth-cohort-analysis
#12
Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yuanwei Huang, Ke Li
The cases of stomach cancer (SC) incidence are increasing per year and the SC burden has remained very high in some countries. We aimed to evaluate the global geographical variation in SC incidence and temporal trends from 1978 to 2007, with an emphasis on the effect of birth cohort. Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort model were applied. From 2003 to 2007, male rate were 1.5- to 3-fold higher than female in all countries. Rates were highest in Eastern Asian and South American countries. Except for Uganda, all countries showed favorable trends...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610097/a-new-species-of-i-ninia-i-serpentes-dipsadidae-from-choc%C3%A3-magdalena-biogeographical-province-western-colombia
#13
Teddy Angarita-Sierra
We describe a new species of the genus Ninia from the Chocó-Magdalena biogeographic province, which was previously reported as a distinct population of N. maculata or as N. atrata from the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia. The new species is similar to N. atrata, N. celata, N. espinali, N. franciscoi, and N. maculata. It shares the following characteristics with the species mentioned above: 19 dorsal scale rows without reductions; dorsal ground color black or dark brown; white or cream occipital nuchal collar...
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609004/post-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-communication-and-the-integrated-and-standardized-cytopathology-report
#14
Martha B Pitman, W Stephen Black-Schaffer
Communication between cytopathologists and patients and their care team is a critical component of accurate and timely patient management. The most important single means of communication for the cytopathologist is through the cytopathology report. Implementation of standardized terminology schemes and structured, templated reporting facilitates the ability of the cytopathologist to provide a comprehensive and integrated report. Cytopathology has been among the pathology subspecialties that have led the way in developing standardized reporting, beginning with the 1954 Papanicolaou classification scheme for cervical-vaginal cytology and continuing through the Bethesda systems for gynecological cytology and several nongynecological cytology systems...
June 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608795/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-2-us-cities-2012-2014
#15
Pamina M Gorbach, Ryan Cook, Beau Gratzer, Thomas Collins, Adam Parrish, Janell Moore, Peter R Kerndt, Richard A Crosby, Lauri E Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Since 2011, in the United States, quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been recommended for boys aged 11 to 12 years, men through age 21, and men who have sex with men (MSM) through age 26. We assessed HPV vaccination coverage and factors associated with vaccination among young MSM (YMSM) and transgender women (TGW) in 2 cities. METHODS: During 2012-2014, 808 YMSM and TGW aged 18 to 26 years reported vaccination status in a self-administered computerized questionnaire at 3 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Los Angeles and Chicago...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604428/hiv-among-msm-and-heterosexual-women-in-the-united-states-an-ecologic-analysis
#16
H Fisher Raymond, Alia Al-Tayyib, Alan Neaigus, Kathleen H Reilly, Sarah Braunstein, Kathleen A Brady, Ekow Sey, Jan Risser, Paige Padget, Marlene Lalota, John-Mark Schacht, David W Forrest, Katie Macomber, Vivian Griffin, Emily Higgins, William T Robinson, Meagan C Zarwell, Jenevieve Opoku, Manya Magnus, Irene Kuo, Richard Burt, Hanne Thiede, Sara Glick, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
BACKGROUND: Phylogenetic studies show links between heterosexual women and men who have sex with men (MSM) that are more numerous than from heterosexual men to women suggesting that HIV infections among heterosexual women may stem from MSM. Poor communities have been associated with high rates of HIV among heterosexual women. Our analysis investigates potential transmission of HIV between MSM and female heterosexuals. METHODS: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance data describe transmission risk behaviors of MSM, and HIV case reporting data describe the percentages of cases that are attributed to transmission risk categories...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599769/implicit-black-identification-and-stereotype-threat-among-african-american-students
#17
Thomas Craemer, D'Andra Orey
This study detects statistically significant and substantively large stereotype threat effects that would remain hidden if Black identification were measured only explicitly. Three hundred and fifty-one students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were tested on an implicit Black identification measure in an online survey, and stereotype threat was manipulated beforehand by randomly presenting one of three introductory screens: an all-White research team (high-threat condition), an all-Black research team (low-threat condition), or no team picture (control condition)...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598016/race-ethnicity-and-cardiovascular-events-among-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Medha Barbhaiya, Candace H Feldman, Hongshu Guan, Jose A Gómez-Puerta, Michael A Fischer, Daniel H Solomon, Brendan Everett, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is more prevalent with more severe outcomes among Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics than Whites. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among SLE patients. We examined racial/ethnic variation in risk of CVD events among SLE patients. METHODS: Within Medicaid Analytic eXtract (2000-2010), we identified patients aged 18-65 with SLE (≥ 3 ICD-9 710.0 codes, ≥30 days apart) and ≥12 months of continuous enrollment...
June 9, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597246/criminal-justice-contact-stressors-and-obesity-related-health-problems-among-black-adults-in-the-usa
#19
Paul C Archibald, Lauren Parker, Roland Thorpe
Criminal justice contact-defined as lifetime arrest, parole, or incarceration, seems to exacerbate chronic conditions, and those who are most likely to have had contact with the criminal justice system, such as Black adults, often already have pre-existing disproportionately high rates of stress and chronic conditions due to the social determinants of health that affect underrepresented minorities. Findings from this study suggest that there is a mechanism that links the stressors among Black adults manifested by such factors as family, financial, neighborhood, and personal problems with criminal justice contact to obesity-related health status...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597109/race-specific-associations-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-cellular-aging-among-adults-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Rumana J Khan, Samson Y Gebreab, Pia R Crespo, Ruihua Xu, Amadou Gaye, Sharon K Davis
PURPOSE: Poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) could lead to higher morbidity and mortality through telomere attrition or accelerated cellular aging. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between four dimensions of HRQOL and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) among a nationally representative sample of 3547 US adults (≥20 years) using the data from the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHOD: We used HRQOL survey information collected on individuals' self-rated general health, recent physical health, recent mental health, and recent activity limitation...
June 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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