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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241490/neighborhood-safety-and-major-depressive-disorder-in-a-national-sample-of-black-youth-gender-by-ethnic-differences
#1
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Adolescence is a developmental period marked by increased stress, especially among Black youth. In addition to stress related to their developmental transition, social factors such as a perceived unsafe neighborhood impose additional risks. We examined gender and ethnic differences in the association between perceived neighborhood safety and major depressive disorder (MDD) among a national sample of Black youth. We used data from the National Survey of American Life - Adolescents (NSAL-A), 2003-2004. In total, 1170 Black adolescents entered the study...
February 23, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241096/the-prognostic-role-of-sex-race-and-human-papillomavirus-in-oropharyngeal-and-nonoropharyngeal-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-cancer
#2
Carole Fakhry, William H Westra, Steven J Wang, Annemieke van Zante, Yuehan Zhang, Eleni Rettig, Linda X Yin, William R Ryan, Patrick K Ha, Alicia Wentz, Wayne Koch, Jeremy D Richmon, David W Eisele, Gypsyamber D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a well-established prognostic marker for oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCC). Because of the limited numbers of women and nonwhites in studies to date, sex and racial/ethnic differences in prognosis have not been well explored. In this study, survival differences were explored by the tumor HPV status among 1) patients with OPSCCs by sex and race and 2) patients with nonoropharyngeal (non-OP) head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs)...
February 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241092/adherence-to-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-guidelines-for-time-to-initiation-of-postoperative-radiation-therapy-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Evan M Graboyes, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Anand K Sharma, Eric J Lentsch, Terry A Day
BACKGROUND: Adherence to evidence-based treatment guidelines has been proposed as a measure of cancer care quality. The objective of this study was to determine the rate and predictors of care that does not adhere to National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines regarding commencing postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) within 6 weeks of surgery for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was reviewed from 2006 to 2014, and patients with HNSCC who underwent curative-intent surgery followed by PORT were identified...
February 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239222/extended-family-support-networks-of-caribbean-black-adults-in-the-united-states
#4
Robert Joseph Taylor, Ivy Forysthe-Brown, Karen D Lincoln, Linda M Chatters
This paper investigates the extended family social support networks of Caribbean Black adults (Afro Caribbeans). Although there are several ethnographic accounts of familial ties and support exchanges among Black Caribbean immigrants, only a handful of studies utilize quantitative data. This paper utilizes data from the National Survey of American Life, which contains the first national probability sample of Caribbean Blacks in the United States. Age, gender, income, material hardship and immigration status were all associated with at least one of the four indicators of family support networks...
March 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239014/-we-as-black-men-have-to-encourage-each-other-facilitators-and-barriers-associated-with-hiv-testing-among-black-african-american-men-in-rural-florida
#5
Ashley Murray, Lauren Toledo, Emma Ej Brown, Madeline Y Sutton
HIV testing for some African American men remains a challenge, and effective interventions are lacking. We explored facilitators and barriers associated with HIV testing among heterosexual African American men in rural Florida. We conducted focus group interviews with 67 African American men who were low-income, and HIV-uninfected based on prior testing or had unknown HIV status. Using computer-assisted thematic analyses, we examined transcribed focus group responses for main themes. Thematic analyses revealed three main themes regarding facilitators of HIV testing: 1) using preferred HIV testing community locations (park, library, gym); 2) receiving incentives (food or money); and 3) the importance of peer-led messaging for free, rapid HIV testing...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239001/the-role-of-historically-black-college-and-university-medical-schools-in-academic-medicine
#6
José E Rodríguez, Ivette A López, Kendall M Campbell, Matthew Dutton
INTRODUCTION: Although less than 3% of medical schools are considered Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU), they have played a significant role in the education of Black physicians. METHODS: The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) databases were used to obtain faculty and student demographic data from 2003-2013. We analyzed racial distributions of faculty and students at HBCU medical schools compared with all other medical schools and calculated correlations between rates of Black chairs, faculty, and students...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238976/investigating-black-asl-a-systematic-review
#7
Andrea Toliver-Smith, Betholyn Gentry
The authors reviewed the literature regarding linguistic variations seen in American Sign Language. These variations are influenced by region and culture. Features of spoken languages have also influenced sign languages as they intersected, e.g., Black ASL has been influenced by African American English. A literature review was conducted to investigate the existence of Black ASL and to document empirical studies on this topic. The included articles were (a) published between 1970 and 2012 in scholarly journals, (b) included a hypothesis, (c) described the participants, and (d) described the research design...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237284/comparison-of-delay-times-from-symptom-onset-to-medical-contact-in-blacks-versus-whites-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Amy Leigh Miller, DaJuanicia Simon, Matthew T Roe, Michael C Kontos, Deborah Diercks, Ezra Amsterdam, Deepak L Bhatt
Clinical outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) worsen with increasing delay between symptom onset and clinical presentation. Previous studies have shown that black patients with AMI have longer presentation delays. The objective of this analysis is to explore the potential contribution of community factors to presentation delays in black patients with AMI. We linked clinical data for 346,499 consecutive patients with AMI from Acute Coronary Treatment Intervention Outcomes Network Registry-Get With the Guidelines™ (2007-2014) to socioeconomic and community information from the American Community Survey...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228451/african-american-stroke-survivors-more-caregiving-time-but-less-caregiving-burden
#9
Lesli E Skolarus, Vicki A Freedman, Chunyang Feng, James F Burke
BACKGROUND: Blacks have higher stroke incidence and experience greater poststroke disability than whites. To optimize care for stroke survivors, it is important to understand the amount of care that they receive and the implications for stroke caregivers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2 nationally representative, population-based studies, the NHATS (National Health and Aging Trends Study) linked to the NSOC (National Study of Caregiving), were used to identify elderly stroke survivors and their caregivers...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222847/relying-on-the-national-mobile-disaster-hospital-as-a-business-continuity-strategy-in-the-aftermath-of-a-tornado-the-louisville-experience
#10
Randy D Kearns, Lew Stringer, James Craig, Regina Godette-Crawford, Paul S Black, David L Andra, James Winslow
On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221076/lorraine-williams-greene-1950-2016
#11
Guy Seymour, Adrienne Bradford
Presents an obituary for Lorraine Williams Greene who died on February 25, 2016. Lorraine started her professional career as a school psychologist for the Atlanta Public Schools. For the rest of her life, she was involved in her community through her church, her sorority, the Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and other national and local service organizations. Within the American Psychological Association (APA), Lorraine was active in Division 18, Psychologists in Public Service, first as Chair of the Police and Public Safety Section, then as the division's representative to APA Council, and, in 2016, as President-elect of the Division...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220312/preventing-hiv-and-hepatitis-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-leveraging-an-indiana-outbreak-response-to-break-the-impasse
#12
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey S Crowley, Gregorio A Millett
Providing clean needles through syringe services programs (SSPs) prevents the spread of disease among people who inject drugs (PWID). The recent HIV outbreak in Scott County, Indiana was a wakeup call with particular significance because modeling suggests that Scott County is but one of many counties in the United States highly vulnerable to an HIV outbreak among PWID. It is a painful recognition that some policy makers ignored the evidence in support of SSPs when it was primarily blacks in inner cities that were affected, yet swung into action in the wake of Scott County where 99% of the cases were white...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219043/epilepsy-by-the-numbers-epilepsy-deaths-by-age-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-united-states-significantly-increased-from-2005-to-2014
#13
Sujay F Greenlund, Janet B Croft, Rosemarie Kobau
To inform public health efforts to prevent epilepsy-related deaths, we used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER; Wonder.cdc.gov) to examine any-listed epilepsy deaths for the period 2005-2014 by age groups (≤24, 25-44, 45-64, 65-84, ≥85years), sex, and race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, or American Indian/Alaska Native). Epilepsy deaths were defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes G40...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216450/an-evaluation-of-the-timing-of-surgical-complications-following-radical-cystectomy-data-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-acs-nsqip
#14
Akshay Sood, Naveen Kachroo, Firas Abdollah, Jesse D Sammon, Björn Löppenberg, Tarun Jindal, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani Menon, James O Peabody
OBJECTIVES: To examine time-to-event data for 19 common postoperative complications within 30 days following radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: Patients undergoing RC were identified within the ACS-NSQIP database (2005-2011). The primary endpoint was time-to-complication; secondary endpoints included length-of-stay (LOS), re-intervention, readmission and 30-day mortality. Further, the complications were stratified into pre-/post-discharge and the predictors were identified...
February 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216362/endovascular-aneurysm-repair-patients-who-are-lost-to-follow-up-have-worse-outcomes
#15
Caitlin W Hicks, Devin S Zarkowsky, Ian C Bostock, David H Stone, James H Black, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Philip P Goodney, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines recommend 1- and 12-month follow-up with computed tomography imaging for the year after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of EVAR patients who are lost to follow-up (LTF). METHODS: All patients undergoing elective EVAR in the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) data set (January 2003-December 2015) were stratified according to long-term follow-up method (in-person vs phone call vs LTF)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215963/racial-and-ethnic-variations-in-one-year-clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-breast-reconstruction
#16
Nicholas L Berlin, Adeyiza O Momoh, Ji Qi, Jennifer B Hamill, Hyungjin M Kim, Andrea L Pusic, Edwin G Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Existing studies evaluating racial and ethnic disparities focus on describing differences in procedure type and the proportion of women who undergo reconstruction following mastectomy. This study seeks to examine racial and ethnic variations in clinical and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following breast reconstruction. METHODS: The Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium is an 11 center, prospective cohort study collecting clinical and PROs following autologous and implant-based breast reconstruction...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215050/racial-disparities-in-preventable-risk-factors-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#17
Sunshine Dwojak, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To demonstrate racial differences in preventable risk behaviors/practices that contribute to head and neck cancer (HNCA). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of large national risk factor survey. METHODS: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System for 2013 was analyzed. Demographic data were extracted, including age, sex, and race. Social habits considered risk factors for HNCA were also extracted, including alcohol consumption, smoking, and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination status...
February 19, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213691/barriers-to-healthcare-among-african-immigrants-in-georgia-usa
#18
Oluwatoyosi A Adekeye, Bola F Adesuyi, Joseph G Takon
African-born immigrants are among the fastest growing immigrant groups in the US, yet they are underrepresented in healthcare research, particularly, cancer research and tend to be categorized as African American or Black, obscuring any cultural nuances that exist. A survey designed to provide insight on the barriers to healthcare, knowledge of common cancers, and cancer risks was utilized during a health fair. Data analyses included descriptive statistics to examine participant demographics and other study variables of interest...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213544/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-unique-strain-of-rickettsia-parkeri-associated-with-the-hard-tick-dermacentor-parumapertus-neumann-in-the-western-united-states
#19
Christopher D Paddock, Michelle E J Allerdice, Sandor E Karpathy, William L Nicholson, Michael L Levin, Travis C Smith, Tom Becker, Robert J Delph, Robert N Knight, Jana M Ritter, Jeanine H Sanders, Jerome Goddard
In 1953, investigators at the Rocky Mountain Laboratories in Hamilton, Montana, described the isolation of a spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) species from Dermacentor parumapertus collected from black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus) in northern Nevada. Several decades later, investigators characterized this SFGR by using mouse serotyping methods and determined that it represented a distinct rickettsial serotype, related closely to Rickettsia parkeri; nonetheless, the parumapertus agent was not further characterized or studied...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213393/the-racial-divide-in-state-medicaid-expansions
#20
Colleen M Grogan, Sunggeun Ethan Park
This study considers five important questions related to the role of race in state-level public support for the Medicaid expansion: (1) whether public support for the Medicaid expansion varies across the American states; (2) whether public support is positively related to state adoption; (3) whether this support is racialized; (4) whether, if racialized, there is evidence of more state responsiveness to white support than to nonwhite (black and/or Latino) support; and (5) does the size of the nonwhite population matter more when white support is relatively low? Our findings suggest that while public support for the Medicaid expansion is high at the state level, especially in comparison to public support for the ACA, there are important variations across the states...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
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