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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333897/adherence-to-the-american-diabetes-association-retinal-screening-guidelines-for-population-with-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#1
JaeJin An, Fang Niu, Adam Turpcu, Yamina Rajput, T Craig Cheetham
PURPOSE: (1) To assess long-term adherence to American Diabetes Association guideline-recommended retinal screening among population with diabetes in the United States. (2) To determine factors associated with long-term adherence to routine eye screening exams. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in adult patients with diabetes identified from January 2009 to December 2010. Patients were followed until disenrollment, death, or study end date (December 2013)...
January 15, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#2
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332684/racial-ethnic-sleep-disparities-in-us-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Dana Guglielmo, Julie A Gazmararian, Joon Chung, Ann E Rogers, Lauren Hale
Sleep is essential for optimal health, well-being, and cognitive functioning, and yet nationwide, youth are not obtaining consistent, adequate, or high-quality sleep. In fact, more than two-thirds of US adolescents are sleeping less than 8 hours nightly on school nights. Racial and ethnic minority children and adolescents are at an increased risk of having shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality than their white peers. In this review, we critically examined and compared results from 23 studies that have investigated racial/ethnic sleep disparities in American school-aged children and adolescents ages 6-19 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330276/cutaneous-mycobacterium-massiliense-infection-from-tattooing-a-common-yet-under-reported-and-persistent-epidemic-hazard-for-dermatologists
#4
Lymaries Velez, Jennifer Harb, Stephanie Anuszewski, Stanton Wesson
Tattoo popularity continues to rise, with 3 in 10 Americans bearing at least one. Among tattoo complications, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has emerged as a global public health concern. NTM infections associated with tattooing of immunocompetent individuals have occurred as sporadic cases and community outbreaks. Water sources are considered the major pathogenic reservoirs. Tattoo-related inoculation has been linked to contamination of ink, either during the manufacturing process or during dilution of black ink using non-sterile water...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329507/differences-in-salaries-of-physician-assistants-in-the-usa-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex
#5
Darron Smith, Cardell Jacobson
Objectives Data from the Academy of American Physician Assistants have suggested there are no differences in salaries by race and ethnic group. Our objective was to compare salaries of physician assistants for different racial and ethnic groups and sexes using another data source. Methods Data from the American Community Surveys (2010-2012) to examine pay differentials of physician assistants. Ordinary least squares regression analysis to compare the salaries of males and females, and those of racial and ethnic groups...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324604/preterm-birth-and-gestational-length-in-four-race-nativity-groups-including-somali-americans
#6
Emily A Oliver, Mark Klebanoff, Lina Yossef-Salameh, Reena Oza-Frank, Soheil Moosavinasab, Patricia Reagan, Louis Muglia, Catalin S Buhimschi, Irina A Buhimschi
OBJECTIVE: To compare preterm birth rates and gestational length in four race-nativity groups including Somali Americans. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design of Ohio birth certificates, we analyzed all singleton births between 2000 and 2015 from four groups of women categorized as U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white (USBW), U.S.-born, non-Hispanic black (USBB), African-born black (ABB, primarily of West African birth country), and Somalia-born (SB). An algorithm trained on maternal names was used to confirm Somali ethnicity...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324216/self-reported-cognitive-impairment-across-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-national-health-interview-survey-1997-2015
#7
Huabin Luo, Gary Yu, Bei Wu
INTRODUCTION: The primary objectives of this study were 1) to examine trends of self-reported cognitive impairment among 5 major racial/ethnic groups during 1997-2015 in the United States and 2) to examine differences in the trends across these groups. METHODS: Data were from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The sample consisted of 155,682 people aged 60 or older. Respondents were asked to report whether any family member was "limited in any way because of difficulty remembering or because of experiencing periods of confusion...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323627/a-phase-3-multicenter-prospective-open-label-study-to-evaluate-the-safety-of-a-single-dose-of-secnidazole-2%C3%A2-g-for-the-treatment-of-women-and-postmenarchal-adolescent-girls-with-bacterial-vaginosis
#8
Steven E Chavoustie, Janet K Gersten, Milroy J Samuel, Jane R Schwebke
BACKGROUND: A novel formulation of secnidazole is under development in the United States for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis (BV). Efficacy and safety of other formulations of secnidazole have been reported. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety of a single-dose oral granule formulation of secnidazole in a U.S. population of women with BV. METHODS: In this open-label study, patients were enrolled based on the following criteria: off-white, thin, homogeneous vaginal discharge; vaginal pH ≥4...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323558/optimizing-delivery-of-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Erika Aaron, Cori Blum, Dominika Seidman, Mary Jo Hoyt, Joanne Simone, Meg Sullivan, Dawn K Smith
Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective HIV prevention method; however, it is underutilized among women who are at risk for acquisition of HIV. Women comprise one in five HIV diagnoses in the United States, and significant racial disparities in new HIV diagnoses persist. The rate of new HIV diagnoses among black and African American women in 2015 was 16 times greater than that of white women. These disparities highlight the importance of HIV prevention strategies for women, including the use of PrEP...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318649/treatment-related-changes-in-bone-turnover-and-fracture-risk-reduction-in-clinical-trials-of-anti-resorptive-drugs-a-meta-regression
#10
Douglas C Bauer, Dennis M Black, Mary L Bouxsein, Li-Yung Lui, Jane A Cauley, Anne E de Papp, Andreas Grauer, Sundeep Khosla, Charles E McCulloch, Richard Eastell
Few pooled analyses of antiresorptive (AR) treatment trials relate short-term changes in bone turnover markers (BTMs) to subsequent fracture reduction. Such information would be useful to assess new ARs or novel dosing regimens. In the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) Bone Quality project, we analyzed individual-level data from 28,000 participants enrolled in 11 bisphosphonate (BP) and three selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) placebo-controlled fracture endpoint trials. Using BTM results for two bone formation markers (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase [bone ALP] and pro-collagen I N-propeptide [PINP]) and two bone resorption markers (N-terminal and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen) and incident fracture outcome data, we performed a meta-regression relating the mean net effect of treatment on change in bone turnover (active minus placebo % difference after 3 to 12 months) to the log of study-wide fracture risk reduction, and used linear regression to plot the best fitting line...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318510/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-pregnancy-rates-following-intrauterine-insemination-with-a-focus-on-american-indians
#11
LaTasha B Craig, Elizabeth A Weedin, William D Walker, Amanda E Janitz, Karl R Hansen, Jennifer D Peck
BACKGROUND: No research exists on American Indian pregnancy rates following infertility treatment. Most racial/ethnic fertility research has focused on pregnancy following in vitro fertilization, with only rare studies looking at intrauterine insemination (IUI). The objective of our study was to compare fecundability following IUI by race/ethnicity, with a special focus on American Indians. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of subjects undergoing IUI July 2007-May 2012 at a university-based infertility clinic...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316593/demographics-of-tennis-related-injuries-that-presented-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#12
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Neil V Shah, Mikhail Tretiakov, Alexandr Aylyarov, Gregory S Penny, Joanne C Dekis, Jonathan N Chorney, Natasha Ahmed, Nipun Sodhi, Alyeesha B Wilhelm, William P Urban, Carl B Paulino, Jared M Newman
INTRODUCTION: Tennis injuries are not uncommon, and efforts have been made to reduce the risk of these injuries. There are a number of different factors that have been shown to influence injury rates of tennis players, in particular patient-related risks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of tennis-related injuries. Specifically, we evaluated: 1) demographics; 2) incidence and trends of injuries; and 3) incidence and trends of body parts that were injured...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316149/measure-accurately-act-rapidly-and-partner-with-patients-map-improves-hypertension-control-in-medically-underserved-patients-care-coordination-institute-and-american-medical-association-hypertension-control-project-pilot-study-results
#13
Robert B Hanlin, Irfan M Asif, Gregory Wozniak, Susan E Sutherland, Bijal Shah, Jianing Yang, Robert A Davis, Sean T Bryan, Michael Rakotz, Brent M Egan
Measure Accurately, Act Rapidly, and Partner With Patients (MAP) is an evidence-based protocol implemented to improve hypertension control in a clinic for underserved patients (49.9% Medicaid and 50.2% black). Patients with hypertension seen during the year before intervention and with at least one visit during the 6-month intervention (N = 714) were included. If initial attended blood pressure (BP; standard aneroid manometer) was ≥140/≥90 mm Hg, unattended automated office BP was measured in triplicate and averaged (Measure Accurately) using an Omron HEM-907XL...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315497/health-care-disparities-among-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-with-stage-iii-lung-cancer
#14
Richard J Cassidy, Xinyan Zhang, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Pretesh R Patel, Joseph W Shelton, Sibo Tian, Ronica H Nanda, Conor E Steuer, Rathi N Pillai, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Suresh S Ramalingam, Felix G Fernandez, Seth D Force, Theresa W Gillespie, Walter J Curran, Kristin A Higgins
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, the practice patterns for patients aged more than 80 years with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not well known. The purpose of the current study was to investigate factors predictive of and the impact on overall survival (OS) after concurrent chemoradiation (CRT) among patients aged ≥80 years with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III NSCLC in the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). METHODS: In the NCDB, patients aged ≥80 years who were diagnosed with stage III NSCLC from 2004 to 2013 with complete treatment records were identified...
January 8, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315227/the-benefits-of-higher-income-in-protecting-against-chronic-medical-conditions-are-smaller-for-african-americans-than-whites
#15
Shervin Assari
Background: Blacks' diminished return is defined as smaller protective effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on health of African Americans compared to Whites. AIM: Using a nationally representative sample, the current study aimed to examine if the protective effect of income on chronic medical conditions (CMC) differs for African Americans compared to Whites. Methods: With a cross-sectional design, the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2003, included 3570 non-Hispanic African Americans and 891 non-Hispanic Whites...
January 9, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315179/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-hearing-care-use-among-asian-americans-a-nationally-representative-sample
#16
Janet S Choi, Elina Kari, Rick A Friedman, Laurel M Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of hearing loss and factors affecting hearing care use among Asian Americans, using the first nationally representative sample of Asian Americans. STUDY DESIGN: National cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Ambulatory examination centers. PATIENTS: Three thousand six hundred twelve adults (522 Asian American) aged 20 to 69 in the 2011 to 2012 National Health and Examination Survey with pure-tone audiometry...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315115/racial-comparison-of-d-dimer-levels-in-u-s-male-military-personnel-before-and-after-hiv-infection-and-viral-suppression
#17
Thomas A O'Bryan, Brian K Agan, Russell P Tracy, Matthew S Freiberg, Jason F Okulicz, Kaku So-Armah, Anuradha Ganesan, David Rimland, Tahaniyat Lalani, Robert G Deiss, Edmund C Tramont
BACKGROUND: D-dimer blood levels in persons with HIV infection are associated with risk of serious non-AIDS conditions and death. Black race has been correlated with higher D-dimer levels in several studies. We examined the effects of race and HIV on D-dimer over time and the impact of viral load suppression by longitudinally comparing changes in levels among healthy young adult male African Americans and Caucasians before HIV seroconversion, and before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313949/cancer-statistics-2018
#18
Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Ahmedin Jemal
Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths that will occur in the United States and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival. Incidence data, available through 2014, were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data, available through 2015, were collected by the National Center for Health Statistics...
January 4, 2018: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313747/comparison-of-the-hei-and-hei-2010-diet-quality-measures-in-association-with-chronic-disease-risk-among-low-income-african-american-urban-youth-in-baltimore-maryland
#19
Margaret M Wrobleski, Elizabeth A Parker, Kristen M Hurley, Sarah Oberlander, Brian C Merry, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Overall diet patterns may be a better predictor of disease risk than specific nutrients or individual foods. The purpose of this study is to examine how overall diet patterns relate to nutritional intake, body composition, and physiological measures of chronic disease risk among low-income, urban African American adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from two samples of African American adolescents (n = 317) from a low-income urban community, including dietary intake using the food frequency Youth/Adolescent Questionnaire and anthropometric measures...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313190/structural-inequities-and-social-networks-impact-hormone-use-and-misuse-among-transgender-women-in-los-angeles-county
#20
Kirsty Clark, Jesse B Fletcher, Ian W Holloway, Cathy J Reback
In order to reduce gender dysphoria and combat stigma, transgender women often affirm their gender through social and medical transition, which may include cross-sex hormone therapy. This study examined associations between medically monitored hormone use and hormone misuse (non-prescribed hormone use including "fillers"), structural inequities (access to housing, health insurance, and income), and social network dynamics among 271 transgender women in Los Angeles. Hormone use status was coded trichotomously (hormone use, hormone misuse, no hormone use), and robust multinomial logistic regression as well as novel social network analysis was conducted to examine associations...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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