Read by QxMD icon Read

Dopamine antagonists

Xiaoqun Zhang, Ioannis Mantas, Alexandra Alvarsson, Takashi Yoshitake, Mohammadreza Shariatgorji, Marcela Pereira, Anna Nilsson, Jan Kehr, Per E Andrén, Mark J Millan, Karima Chergui, Per Svenningsson
The trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is expressed by dopaminergic neurons, but the precise influence of trace amines upon their functional activity remains to be fully characterized. Here, we examined the regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) by tyramine and beta-phenylethylamine (β-PEA) compared to 3-iodothyronamine (T1 AM). Immunoblotting and amperometry were performed in dorsal striatal slices from wild-type (WT) and TAAR1 knockout (KO) mice. T1 AM increased TH phosphorylation at both Ser19 and Ser40 , actions that should promote functional activity of TH...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Peter Kranke, Sergio D Bergese, Harold S Minkowitz, Timothy I Melson, David G Leiman, Keith A Candiotti, Ngai Liu, Leopold Eberhart, Ashraf S Habib, Jan Wallenborn, Anthony L Kovac, Pierre Diemunsch, Gabriel Fox, Tong J Gan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting causes distress for patients and can prolong care requirements. Consensus guidelines recommend use of multiple antiemetics from different mechanistic classes as prophylaxis in patients at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. The prophylactic efficacy of the dopamine D2/D3 antagonist amisulpride in combination with other antiemetics was investigated. METHODS: This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, international, multicenter trial was conducted in 1,147 adult surgical patients having three or four postoperative nausea and vomiting risk factors...
March 15, 2018: Anesthesiology
Christopher Wass, Bruno Sauce, Alessandro Pizzo, Louis D Matzel
In both humans and mice, performance on tests of intelligence or general cognitive ability (GCA) is related to dopamine D1 receptor-mediated activity in the prelimbic cortex, and levels of DRD1 mRNA predict the GCA of mice. Here we assessed the turnover rate of D1 receptors as well as the expression level of the D1 chaperone protein (DRiP78) in the medial PPC (mPFC) of mice to determine whether rate of receptor turnover was associated with variations in the GCA of genetically heterogeneous mice. Following assessment of GCA (aggregate performance on four diverse learning tests) mice were administered an irreversible dopamine receptor antagonist (EEDQ), after which the density of new D1 receptors were quantified...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mariusz Papp, Piotr Gruca, Magdalena Lason-Tyburkiewicz, Ewa Litwa, Monika Niemczyk, Katarzyna Tota-Glowczyk, Agata Faron-Gorecka, Maciej Kusmider, Joanna Solich, Marta Szlachta, Paul Willner
We have previously reported the effects of intracranial injections of dopamine D1, D2 and D3 ligands in animals subjected to the Novel Object Recognition (NOR) test following exposure to chronic mild stress (CMS) and chronic treatment with risperidone (RSP). Here, we present some molecular biological data from the same animals. It was predicted that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signalling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) would reflect behavioural performance, implying an increase following acute administration of a D2 agonist or a D3 antagonist, blockade of this effect by CMS and its restoration by chronic RSP...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural Pharmacology
Zhaoqun Liu, Lingling Wang, Zhao Lv, Zhi Zhou, Weilin Wang, Meijia Li, Qilin Yi, Limei Qiu, Linsheng Song
It is becoming increasingly clear that neurotransmitters impose direct influence on regulation of the immune process. Recently, a simple but sophisticated neuroendocrine-immune (NEI) system was identified in oyster, which modulated neural immune response via a "nervous-hemocyte"-mediated neuroendocrine immunomodulatory axis (NIA)-like pathway. In the present study, the de novo synthesis of neurotransmitters and their immunomodulation in the hemocytes of oyster Crassostrea gigas were investigated to understand the autocrine/paracrine pathway independent of the nervous system...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Michelle W Antoine, Xiaoxia Zhu, Marianne Dieterich, Thomas Brandt, Sarath Vijayakumar, Nicholas McKeehan, Joseph C Arezzo, R Suzanne Zukin, David A Borkholder, Sherri M Jones, Robert D Frisina, Jean M Hébert
How asymmetries in motor behavior become established normally or atypically in mammals remains unclear. An established model for motor asymmetry that is conserved across mammals can be obtained by experimentally inducing asymmetric striatal dopamine activity. However, the factors that can cause motor asymmetries in the absence of experimental manipulations to the brain remain unknown. Here, we show that mice with inner ear dysfunction display a robust left or right rotational preference, and this motor preference reflects an atypical asymmetry in cortico-striatal neurotransmission...
March 2018: PLoS Biology
Li-Min Mao, Hunter J Faris, John Q Wang
The Src family kinase (SFK) is a subfamily of non-receptor tyrosine kinases. SFK members, Src and especially Fyn, are expressed in the striatum. These SFK members are involved in the regulation of neuronal and synaptic activities and are linked to the pathogenesis of a variety of neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. Given the fact that muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptors are highly expressed in striatal neurons and are critical for the regulation of striatal function, we investigated the role of mACh receptors in the regulation of SFKs in the adult rat striatum in vivo...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Ishan Gupta, Andrew M J Young
The non-competitive glutamate antagonist, phencyclidine is used in rodents to model behavioural deficits see in schizophrenia. Importantly, these deficits endure long after the cessation of short-term chronic treatment (sub-chronic), indicating that the drug treatment causes long-term changes in the physiology and/or chemistry of the brain. There is evidence that this may occur through glutamatergic modulation of mesolimbic dopamine release, perhaps involving metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR). This study sought to investigate the effect of sub-chronic phencyclidine pretreatment on modulation of dopamine neurotransmission by metabotropic glutamate receptors 2 and 5 (mGluR2 and mGluR5) in the nucleus accumbens shell in vitro, with the hypothesis that phencyclidine pretreatment would disrupt the mGluR-mediated modulation of dopamine release...
March 7, 2018: Brain Research
Anita H Clayton, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Irwin Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) often has a negative impact on the health and quality of life of women; however, many women do not mention-let alone discuss-this issue with their physicians. Providers of gynecologic services have the opportunity to address this subject with their patients. AIM: To review the diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of low sexual desire in women with a focus on strategies that can be used efficiently and effectively in the clinic...
March 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Matthias Deliano, Michael G K Brunk, Mohamed El-Tabbal, Maria M Zempeltzi, Max F K Happel, Frank W Ohl
Cortical release of the neurotransmitter dopamine has been implied in adapting cortical processing with respect to various functions including coding of stimulus salience, expectancy, error prediction, behavioral relevance, and learning. Dopamine agonists have been shown to modulate recurrent cortico-thalamic feedback, and should therefore also affect synchronization and amplitude of thalamo-cortical oscillations. In this study we have used multitaper spectral and time-frequency analysis of stimulus-evoked and spontaneous current source density patterns in primary auditory cortex of Mongolian gerbils to characterize dopaminergic neuromodulation of the oscillatory structure of current sources and sinks...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Ritchy Hodebourg, Jennifer E Murray, Maxime Fouyssac, Mickaël Puaud, Barry J Everitt, David Belin
The alarming increase in heroin overdoses in the USA is a reminder of the need for efficacious and novel treatments for opiate addiction. This may reflect the relatively poor understanding of the neural basis of heroin, as compared to cocaine, seeking behavior. While cocaine reinforcement depends on the mesolimbic system, well established cocaine seeking is dependent on dorsolateral striatum (aDLS) dopamine-dependent mechanisms which are disrupted by N-acetylcysteine, through normalisation of corticostriatal glutamate homeostasis...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
Andrea Cecilia Parrado, Luciana Soledad Salaverry, Franco Mauricio Mangone, Carolina Eugenia Apicella, Teresa Gentile, Andrea Canellada, Estela Beatriz Rey-Roldán
OBJECTIVE: Dopamine is an immunomodulatory neurotransmitter. In the skin, keratinocytes and macrophages produce proinflammatory cytokines and metalloproteinases (MMPs) which participate in wound healing. These cells have a catecholaminergic system that modulates skin pathophysiologic processes. We have demonstrated that dopamine modulates cytokine production in keratinocytes via dopaminergic and adrenergic receptors (ARs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dopamine and its interaction with β-ARs in human HaCaT keratinocytes and THP-1 macrophages...
March 7, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
Francesca Romana Rizzo, Mauro Federici, Nicola Biagio Mercuri
An increase of extracellular dopamine (DA) has been implicated in the psychostimulant properties of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Although this drug has been reported to affect the DA uptake transporter (DAT), it might activate other mechanisms to regulate the outflow of DA in the brain. Our aim was to examine the overall effects of MDMA on the release of DA in the striatum. We studied the effect of MDMA on stimulus-evoked synaptic DA release in dorsal striatal slices of mice using in vitro amperometric techniques...
March 3, 2018: Neuroscience
Dake Song, Yaping Ge, Zhaodi Chen, Chao Shang, Ying Guo, Taiyun Zhao, Yunfeng Li, Ning Wu, Rui Song, Jin Li
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complicated psychiatric disorder, which occurs after exposure to a traumatic event. The main clinical manifestation of PTSD includes fear and stress dysregulation. In both animals and humans, dysregulation of dopamine function appears to be related to conditioned fear responses. Previous studies show that the dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) is involved in schizophrenia, autism, and substance use disorders and is related to emotional disorders. However, few studies have investigated the role of the D3R in the pathogenesis and aetiology of PTSD...
March 3, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Hang-Jing Wu, Xue-Yan Li, Wen-Jing Qian, Qian Li, Shu-Yue Wang, Min Ji, Yuan-Yuan Ma, Feng Gao, Xing-Huai Sun, Xin Wang, Yanying Miao, Xiong-Li Yang, Zhongfeng Wang
Müller cell gliosis is a common response in many retinal pathological conditions. We previously demonstrated that downregulation of Kir channels contributes to Müller cell gliosis in a rat chronic ocular hypertension (COH) model. Here, the possible involvement of outward K+ currents in Müller cell gliosis was investigated. Outward K+ current densities in Müller cells isolated from COH rats, as compared with those in normal rats, showed a significant increase, which was mainly contributed by large-conductance Ca2+ -activated K+ (BKCa ) channels...
March 6, 2018: Glia
Masaru Ihara, Han Zhang, Seiya Hanamoto, Hiroaki Tanaka
 Pharmaceuticals are widely found in aquatic environments worldwide. Concern about their potential risks to aquatic species has been raised because they are designed to be biologically active. To address this concern, we must know whether biological activity of pharmaceuticals can be detected in waters. Nearly half of all marketed pharmaceuticals act by binding to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). In this study, we measured the physiological activity of GPCR-acting pharmaceuticals in effluent from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) and upstream and downstream of its outfall in Japan during 2 years...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Aude Retailleau, Genela Morris
Incentives drive goal-directed behavior; however, how they impact the formation and stabilization of goal-relevant hippocampal maps remains unknown. Since dopamine is involved in reward processing, affects hippocampal-dependent behavior, and modulates hippocampal plasticity, we hypothesized that local dopaminergic transmission in the hippocampus serves to mold the formation and updating of hippocampal cognitive maps to adaptively represent reward-predicting space of sensory inputs. We recorded CA1 place cells of rats throughout training on a spatial extra-dimensional set-shift task...
February 26, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Li Jing, Ben Liu, Min Zhang, Jian-Hui Liang
A single exposure to drugs of abuse is sufficient to induce behavioral sensitization, which is a form of long-lasting neuroplasticity. Dopamine D2 receptors are the main receptor for antipsychotic drugs, but little is known about their role in a single methamphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization. In the present study, we examined whether typical antipsychotic haloperidol and atypical antipsychotic risperidone, both targeting dopamine D2 receptor, could prevent the methamphetamine sensitization when they were given at the different phase of behavioral sensitization...
March 1, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Sabine Mogwitz, Judith Buse, Nicole Wolff, Veit Roessner
More than forty years of research and clinical practice have proven the effectiveness of dopamine receptor antagonists in the pharmacological treatment of tics. A blockade of the striatal dopamine-D2 receptors is mainly responsible for their tic-reducing effect. A broad spectrum of dopamine-modulating agents, such as typical and atypical antipsychotics, but also dopamine receptor agonists are used with an immanent discord between experts about which of them should be considered as first choice. The present article outlines the state of the art on pharmacological treatment of tics with dopamine-modulating agents by giving an systemativ overview of studies on their effectiveness and a critical discussion of their specific adverse effects...
March 2, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Xuefeng Zhang, David A Nielsen, Coreen B Domingo, Daryl I Shorter, Ellen M Nielsen, Thomas R Kosten
The α1 -adrenergic antagonist, doxazosin, has improved cocaine use disorder (CUD) presumably by blocking norepinephrine (NE) stimulation and reward from cocaine-induced NE increases. If the NE levels for release were lower, then doxazosin might more readily block this NE stimulation and be more effective. The NE available for release can be lower through a genetic polymorphism in dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) (C-1021T, rs1611115), which reduces DβH's conversion of dopamine to NE. We hypothesize that doxazosin would be more effective in CUD patients who have these genetically lower DβH levels...
March 2, 2018: Addiction Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"