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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331755/sphingosine-1-phosphate-protects-human-ovarian-follicles-from-apoptosis-in-vitro
#1
Yilmaz Guzel, Gamze Bildik, Ozgur Oktem
OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to analyze if anti-apoptotic agent sphingosine-1-phosphate offers protection against in vitro follicle atresia during culture of human ovarian cortical samples. STUDY DESIGN: A translational research study of ex-vivo and in-vitro models of human ovarian tissue. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ovarian cortical tissue fragments (1 × 0.5 cm) were obtained from young patients (n = 15 mean age ± SD: 29.4 ± 2.5) undergoing laparoscopic excision of benign ovarian cysts...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318892/transplantation-of-cryopreserved-ovarian-tissue-in-a-patient-affected-by-metastatic-struma-ovarii-and-endometriosis
#2
Raffaella Fabbri, Rossella Vicenti, Roberto Paradisi, Stefania Rossi, Lucia De Meis, Renato Seracchioli, Maria Macciocca
In this case report, the outcomes of cryopreserved ovarian tissue transplantation performed in a patient affected by struma-ovarii associated with mature cystic teratoma, recurrent endometriotic cysts and diffuse peritoneal malignant struma-ovarii implants were described. Before cryopreservation, the patient underwent two left ovarian surgeries for enucleation cysts 8 years after righ salpingo-oophorectomy for struma-ovarii. Ovarian biopsy was collected in another hospital and transported to our laboratory for cryopreservation...
January 10, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316947/diagnostic-utility-of-ct-in-differentiating-between-ruptured-ovarian-corpus-luteal-cyst-and-ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy-with-hemorrhage
#3
Xiaohong Liu, Litao Song, Jian Wang, Qin Liu, Yingna Liu, Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic aid to differentiate between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst (ROCLC) and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage (REPWH). METHODS: A total of 36 patients treated at our hospitals for ROCLC and REPWH from June 2014 to August 2017 were included in this study. Based on the diagnosis, the study population was divided into ROCLC group (n = 21) and REPWH group (n = 15). CT scans were performed for all patients prior to treatment...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316709/screaming-body-and-silent-healthcare-providers-a-case-study-with-a-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivor
#4
REVIEW
Sigrun Sigurdardottir, Sigridur Halldorsdottir
Stressful early life experiences cause immune dysregulation across the lifespan. Despite the fact that studies have identified childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors as a particularly vulnerable group, only a few attempts have been made to study their lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA. The aim of this study was to explore a female CSA survivor's lived-experience of the physical health consequences of CSA and how she experienced the reactions of healthcare providers. Seven interviews were conducted with this 40-year-old woman, Anne, using a phenomenological research approach...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316041/bilateral-tubo-ovarian-abscesses-presenting-with-huge-pelvic-mass-after-repeated-intrauterine-inseminations-in-a-woman-with-severe-endometriosis
#5
Patsama Vichinsartvichai
A 32-year-old woman consulted for an evaluation of pelvic pain following intrauterine insemination (IUI). Vaginal and abdominal sonography, septic workup were performed and laparoscopic surgery was scheduled after failure to respond to a course of antibiotics. During laparoscopic surgery, bilateral tubo-ovarian abscesses arising on the endometriotic cysts of both ovaries were identified with a vast amount of brownish peritoneal fluid under the adhesion of the greater omentum. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy, right salpingectomy and lysis adhesion were performed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304224/in-vitro-differentiation-of-human-oocyte-like-cells-from-oogonial-stem-cells-single-cell-isolation-and-molecular-characterization
#6
Erica Silvestris, Paola Cafforio, Stella D'Oronzo, Claudia Felici, Franco Silvestris, Giuseppe Loverro
STUDY QUESTION: Are the large cells derived from cultured DEAD box polypeptide 4 (DDX4)-positive oogonial stem cells (OSCs), isolated from the ovarian cortex of non-menopausal and menopausal women, oocyte-like cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: Under appropriate culture conditions, DDX4-positive OSCs from non-menopausal and menopausal women differentiate into large haploid oocyte-like cells expressing the major oocyte markers growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) and synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SYCP3) and then enter meiosis...
January 3, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#7
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289624/laparoscopic-approach-for-shull-repair-of-pelvic-floor-defects
#8
Stefano Restaino, Carlo Ronsini, Angelo Finelli, Alessandro Santarelli, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
Study Objective To prove the feasibility of Shull technique by a laparoscopy approach in patient affected by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with apical loss of support. Design A step-by-step demonstration of the technique in a surgical video, including the fundamental steps for a laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) (Canadian Task Force Classification III). Setting According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, approximately 3% of women in the United States report symptoms linked to POP...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285022/recommendations-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-endometriosis-part-1-ovarian-endometrioma
#9
Ertan Saridogan, Christian M Becker, Anis Feki, Grigoris F Grimbizis, Lone Hummelshoj, Joerg Keckstein, Michelle Nisolle, Vasilios Tanos, Uwe A Ulrich, Nathalie Vermeulen, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Study question: What does this document on the surgical treatment of endometriosis jointly prepared by the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE), ESHRE, and the World Endometriosis Society (WES) provide? Summary answer: This document provides recommendations covering technical aspects of different methods of surgery for endometriomas in women of reproductive age. What is already known: Endometriomas (ovarian endometriotic cysts) are a commonly diagnosed form of endometriosis, owing to the relative ease and accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278520/malignant-struma-ovarii-harboring-a-unique-nras-mutation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Carlo Gobitti, Alessandro Sindoni, Chiara Bampo, Tanja Baresic, Giorgio Giorda, Lara Alessandrini, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Giovanni Franchin, Eugenio Borsatti
Struma ovarii (SO), a rare tumor containing at least 50% of thyroid tissue, represents approximately 5% of all ovarian teratomas; its malignant transformation rate is reported to occur in up to 10% of cases and metastases occur in about 5-6% of them. We describe a 36-year old woman who underwent laparoscopic left annessectomy two years earlier because of an ovarian cyst. Follow-up imaging revealed a right adnexal mass, ascitis and peritoneal nodes that were diagnosed as comprising a malignant SO with peritoneal secondary localizations at histopathology performed after intervention...
July 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277093/hemosuccus-pancreaticus-in-the-simple-mucinous-cyst-of-the-pancreas
#11
I L Eok Jo, Dae Hwan Kang, Cheol Woong Choi, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Jin Kim, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Gon Ryu
Hemosuccus pancreaticus is an unusual gastrointestinal hemorrhage through the main pancreatic duct. We report a rare case of hemosuccus pancreaticus due to a simple mucinous cyst of the pancreas. A 52-year-old man who had been followed-up for a suspected branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) visited the emergency room due to hematochezia. Endoscopy showed active bleeding from the ampulla. Computed tomography revealed hemorrhage in a 2.0-cm cystic mass in the pancreatic body. The patient was diagnosed with hemosuccus pancreaticus caused by bleeding into the main pancreatic duct from suspected IPMN...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274443/gynecologic-bleeding-complications-in-post-menarchal-adolescent-females-on-anti-thrombotic-medications
#12
Heather Soni, Jennifer Kurkowski, Danielle Guffey, Jennifer E Dietrich, Lakshmi V Srivaths
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence, clinical features and management of gynecologic bleeding complications and health care provider awareness of these in post-menarchal adolescents on anti-thrombotic medications has rarely been addressed in the literature. We sought to review our experience in a pediatric tertiary care center addressing these issues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted with Institutional Review Board approval from 2004-2014, on eligible post-menarchal adolescents on antithrombotic medications...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262505/-discrimination-and-clinical-value-of-plasma-metabolomic-profiles-in-multidrug-resistant-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#13
W J Wu, Q Wang, W Zhang, L Li
Objective: To explore the alteration of plasma metabolomic profiles, screen the new serum markers of multidrug resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and investigate the mechanism. Methods: The serum of 132 cases with cisplatin-resistant EOC, cisplatin-sensitive EOC, benign ovarian cyst and healthy donors were collected. Differentially plasma metabolic profiles were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The significantly different metabolites of each group were screened by using principal component analysis...
December 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262312/effects-of-daily-exposure-to-saccharin-sodium-and-rebaudioside-a-on-the-ovarian-cycle-and-steroidogenesis-in-rats
#14
Jingle Jiang, Lina Qi, Quanwei Wei, Fangxiong Shi
Saccharin sodium and rebaudioside A are widely used as non-caloric sweeteners in our daily life; however, the impacts and regulatory mechanisms of such sweeteners on reproduction remain unclear. In the present study, we used rats as animal models to evaluate the effects of daily exposure to saccharin sodium and rebaudioside A on ovarian biologic functions. Weanling rats were distributed into five experimental groups receiving normal water, 1.5 or 7.5 mM saccharin sodium solution, or 0.5 or 2.5 mM rebaudioside A solution for 48 days of exposure...
December 17, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258579/giant-ovarian-cyst-masquerading-as-a-massive-ascites-a-case-report
#15
Eugene Vernyuy Yeika, Derrick Tembi Efie, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Joseph Nkeangu Fomengia
BACKGROUND: Giant ovarian cysts are tumours of the ovary presenting with diameters greater than 10 cm. Giant ovarian cysts have become rare in recent days as they are diagnosed and managed early due to the availability of good imaging modalities. The aim of this case report is to show how a huge cystic ovarian mass can mislead the diagnosis of ascites in a postmenopausal woman. Factors associated with late presentation of giant ovarian cysts in sub-Saharan Africa have also been discussed...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248836/a-case-report-primary-hydatid-cyst-of-uterus
#16
Farzad Kakaei, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Kawsar Tarvirdizade
INTRODUCTION: Echinococcus granulosus is a parasitic tape worm. The definitive host is the dog and humans are one of its intermediate hosts. It involves organs such as liver and lungs. Uterus involvement is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We here report a case of primary uterus hydatid cyst that we had to remove her uterine on left ovary and fallopian tube. Generalized toxic shock and infection due to cyst rupture or organ dysfunction due to invasion (like our patient) or pressure of cyst are complications of this cyst...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246560/transvaginal-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-a-new-approach-to-ovarian-cystectomy
#17
Jan Baekelandt
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a new approach for performing an ovarian cystectomy via transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) as an alternative for a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. DESIGN: Stepwise explanation of the technique using original video footage. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imelda Hospital, Belgium. PATIENT(S): Fourteen patients who provided informed consent and were treated transvaginally to remove a benign ovarian cyst...
December 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241740/aberrant-pax-8-expression-in-well-differentiated-papillary-mesothelioma-and-malignant-mesothelioma-of-the-peritoneum-a-clinicopathologic-study
#18
Deyin Xing, Natalie Banet, Rajni Sharma, Russell Vang, Brigitte M Ronnett, Peter B Illei
Serous ovarian neoplasms can overlap morphologically with peritoneal mesothelial proliferations, with common features including well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma (WDPM) and malignant epithelioid mesothelioma (MM). Accurate histologic classification of these neoplasms is important for clinical management. The Pax-8 protein is commonly used for differentiating peritoneal MM from serous carcinoma, but the diagnostic value of Pax-8 for distinguishing WDPM from borderline or low-grade serous tumors is unknown...
December 11, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230250/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-are-more-immunosuppressive-in-vitro-if-they-are-derived-from-endometriotic-lesions-than-from-eutopic-endometrium
#19
Fawaz Abomaray, Sebastian Gidlöf, Cecilia Götherström
Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease with predominance of immunosuppressive M2 macrophages in the pelvic cavity that could be involved in the pathology through support and immune escape of ectopic lesions. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are found in ectopic lesions, and MSC from nonendometriosis sources are known to induce M2 macrophages. Therefore, MSC were hypothesized to play a role in the pathology of endometriosis. The aim was to characterize the functional phenotype of MSC in ectopic and eutopic endometrium from women with endometriosis...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228129/prenatal-exposure-to-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-causes-long-term-transgenerational-effects-on-female-reproduction-in-mice
#20
Emily Brehm, Saniya Rattan, Liying Gao, Jodi A Flaws
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticizer in many consumer products. Although DEHP is a known endocrine disruptor, little is known about the effects of DEHP exposure on female reproduction. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that prenatal DEHP exposure affects follicle numbers, estrous cyclicity, and hormone levels in multiple generations of mice. Pregnant CD-1 mice were orally dosed with corn oil (vehicle control) or DEHP (20 and 200 µg/kg/day, and 500 and 750 mg/kg/day) from gestation day 10...
December 7, 2017: Endocrinology
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