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Ovarian cysts

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804663/misdiagnosis-of-a-giant-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-clinic-and-image-challenges
#1
Jila Agah, Sedighe Karimzadeh, Fateme Moharrer Ahmadi
A 41-year-old woman (G3P2L2Ab1) was referred to gynecology clinic with chief complaints of abdominal distension and localized abdominal wall pruritus for three months. She was misdiagnosed with gastrointestinal disorder and ultimately had undergone imaging. Ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scan disclosed a huge solid-cystic mass originating from the ovary. On clinical examination the patient had no pain or tenderness and no gynecologic complaints. Laboratory tests showed normal tumor markers and hemoglobin at 8 g/dl...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791272/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-rectal-fistula-due-to-a-benign-ovarian-dermoid-cyst
#2
Ji Hye Kim, Gun Oh Chong, Da Som Chun, Soo Yeun Park, Yoon Hee Lee, Dae Gy Hong
Ovarian dermoid cysts are one of the most common benign neoplasms in women. Rectal fistula formation due to an ovarian dermoid cyst, particularly a benign dermoid cyst, is extremely rare. A 17-year-old girl with symptoms of lower abdominal pain, passage of sebaceous materials in the stool, and hematochezia was found to have an 11-cm dermoid cyst complicated with a rectal fistula formation. Laparoscopic repair of the rectal fistula was performed successfully with bilateral ovarian cystectomies. This case presents the rare formation of a fistula between a benign dermoid cyst and the rectum and its treatment using laparoscopic repair without laparotomy...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783591/association-of-gene-polymorphisms-of-estrogen-receptor-follicle-stimulating-hormone-%C3%AE-and-leptin-with-follicular-cysts-in-large-white-sows
#3
Haotian Wang, Lu Chen, Yanwen Jiang, Shan Gao, Shuxiong Chen, Xue Zheng, Zhuo Liu, Yun Zhao, Hongjiao Li, Jiaxin Yu, Fengge Wang, Yating Liu, Chunjin Li, Xu Zhou
Ovarian follicular cysts are one of leading causes of infertility and financial loss in pig breeding program. This study was carried out to investigate the association between polymorphisms of estrogen receptor (ESR), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) β, and leptin genes and follicular cysts in sows. A total of 47 and 120 sows with follicular cysts and normal follicles, respectively, were selected to evaluate whether these candidate loci affect the formation of follicular cysts in sows. The polymorphisms of ESR, FSHβ, FSHβ/HaeIII and leptin genes were tested by PCR and PCR-RFLP methods...
April 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782867/imaging-in-gynecological-disease-11-clinical-and-ultrasound-features-of-mucinous-ovarian-tumors
#4
F Moro, G F Zannoni, D Arciuolo, T Pasciuto, S Amoroso, F Mascilini, S Mainenti, G Scambia, A C Testa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and ultrasound findings in patients with mucinous ovarian tumors. METHODS: In this retrospective study, women with a histological diagnosis of mucinous ovarian tumor who had undergone preoperative ultrasound examination were identified from the database of a single ultrasound center. The histological examination was performed by the same pathologist in all cases, and the ultrasound appearance of the tumors was described using the terms and definitions of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group...
August 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770146/hemorrhage-in-a-fetal-ovarian-cyst
#5
Raa Hassan, Y C Chong, M Khairun Nisa, C G Yew, P G Tan, Jan Mazlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764180/high-grade-serous-cystadenocarcinoma-of-testis-case-report-of-a-rare-ovarian-epithelial-type-tumour
#6
Sithara Aravind, Sangeetha K Nayanar, R Varadharajaperumal, T V Satheeshbabu, Satheesan Balasubramanian
Ovarian epithelial type tumour of testis are extremely rare tumours that resemble ovarian surface epithelial tumours. They usually present as testicular or paratesticular tumours and can be serous, mucinous, endometrioid or Brenner tumour. Serous and mucinous types account for the majority of tumours. The tumours are benign, borderline or malignant, commonly borderline. Here, we report a case of high grade serous cyst adenocarcinoma of testis which manifested as extensive metastasis in supraclavicular, mediastinal and abdominopelvic groups of lymph nodes, lung and adrenal gland without clinical evidence of an overt primary tumour...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761912/risk-factors-accelerating-hypothyroidism-in-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers-in-abadan-iran
#7
Mahboobeh Momtazan, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Raha Tabahfar, Soraya Rezaee, Aliasghar Valipour, Fatemeh Jamei, Ahmad Reza Yari, Azimeh Karimyan, Sahar Geravandi
The present work contains data obtained during the analysis of pregnant women referred to Abadan Health Centers Organization (Abadan HCO) with confirmed acute hypothyroidism diagnosis. From among all pregnant women referred to Abadan HCO, 600 were chosen consisting of 120 pregnant women from each of the health centers in quintuple areas. In this paper, the effects of family history, occupation, death, abortion, type of diabetes, smoking, lithium consumption, allergy, radiotherapy, ovarian cysts (OC) and oral contraceptive pills (OCP) consumption have been studied (Yassaee et al...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761593/case-series-transplantation-of-kidneys-from-donors-with-renal-artery-aneurysm
#8
Mahmoud Alameddine, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Giselle Guerra, Mahmoud Morsi, Mohammed Osman, V J Chia, George W Burke, Linda Chen, Rodrigo Vianna, Ian Zheng, Javier González, Gaetano Ciancio
INTRODUCTION: With the present disparity between organ availability and recipient demands, we reported our experience in transplanting kidneys with renal artery aneurysm after back-table reconstruction. METHODS: Four patients were identified. The repair consisted of excision of the aneurysm with ostial closure, and for one of the cases, an ovarian vein patch was used. We reviewed the safety and outcomes of this procedure. All donors were asymptomatic before surgery and were diagnosed incidentally during living donor evaluation...
July 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755436/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-haptoglobin-within-ovarian-cyst-fluid-as-a-potential-point-of-care-test-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-an-observational-study
#9
Aniza P Mahyuddin, Lin Liu, Chanqing Zhao, Kothandaraman Narasimhan, Manuel Salto-Tellez, Brendon Nghee Kheem Pang, Diana Gkeok Stzuan Lim, Loganath Annalamai, Jerry K Y Chan, Timothy Yong Kuei Lim, Arijit Biswas, Gregory Rice, Khalil Razvi, Mahesh Choolani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate haptoglobin within ovarian cyst fluid (OCF) as a diagnostic biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and develop an in vitro diagnostic point-of-care device test (IVDPCT) for use in the operating theatre. DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective cohort study. SETTING: South-East-Asia. POPULATION: Women with suspicious ovarian cysts. METHODS: Proteomic, immunohistochemical and ELISA methods measured haptoglobin in OCF to differentiate benign and EOCs...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753380/ct-and-mr-imaging-of-gynecologic-emergencies
#10
Yuko Iraha, Masahiro Okada, Rin Iraha, Kimei Azama, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Maho Tsubakimoto, Yoichi Aoki, Sadayuki Murayama
Gynecologic emergencies include various diseases that result from adnexal and uterine disorders. Adnexal disorders may be classified into the following three categories: (a) disorders that cause hemorrhage (hemorrhagic ovarian cysts and ectopic pregnancies); (b) disorders related to adnexal tumors (adnexal torsion and rupture of ovarian tumors); and (c) disorders related to pelvic inflammatory disease, such as tubo-ovarian abscesses. Unusual adnexal torsion, such as massive ovarian edema, isolated fallopian tube torsion, and paraovarian cyst torsion, has also been described...
July 28, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736178/neonatal-solid-tumors
#11
Aravindan Chandrasekaran
BACKGROUND: Neonatal tumors are different from tumors of the older children and knowledge gained from treating older children can not be extrapolated to neonates. Neonates have immature physiology and their haematopoietic and immune systems are not fully developed and the response to therapy is unpredictable. Hence it is imperative to study these tumors as separate entity. The aim of this study is to analyse this rare set of tumors in terms of their incidence, clinical features and management...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730668/recurrent-triploid-digynic-conceptions-and-mature-ovarian-teratomas-are-they-different-manifestations-of-the-same-genetic-defect
#12
Yassemine Khawajkie, William Buckett, Ngoc Minh Phuong Nguyen, Nawel Mechtouf, Asangla Ao, Jocelyne Arseneau, Rima Slim
Miscarriages affect 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies. Recurrent miscarriage (RM) is defined by the occurrence of at least two consecutive pregnancy losses and affects 1% to 5% of couples trying to conceive. In an attempt to categorize patients with RM and identify the mechanisms leading to their miscarriages, we first used flow cytometry to assess the ploidy of 93 products of conception (POCs) from 53 patients with RM (≥ 3 miscarriages). We identified a single patient with four triploid POCs. We then used fluorescent in situ hybridization to confirm the triploidies and fluorescent microsatellite genotyping with distal and pericentromeric markers to determine their parental origin and the mechanisms leading to their formation...
July 21, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724848/laparoscopic-excision-of-a-uterine-adenomatoid-tumor-and-a-coexisting-ovarian-teratoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Tomohiko Matsuhashi, Ryoko Matsui, Chikako Hasegawa, Tsutomu Hatori, Seiryu Kamoi, Toshiyuki Takeshita
Adenomatoid tumors (ATs) are rare, benign neoplasms occurring mainly in reproductive organs such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and testes. Uterine adenomatoid tumors (UATs) are generally incidentally diagnosed during histopathological examination of excisional biopsies performed for other indications, most commonly uterine leiomyomas. We herein present a 38-year-old woman who underwent laparoscopic excision of a uterine leiomyoma and a right ovarian teratoma. Microscopic examination of the excisional biopsy revealed that the enucleated uterine tumor was composed of proliferating glandular tissue covered with single-layered cells that were surrounded by proliferating smooth muscle cells, corresponding exactly to the features of UATs...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721217/an-fsh-and-tsh-pituitary-adenoma-presenting-with-precocious-puberty-and-central-hyperthyroidism
#14
Guadalupe Vargas, Lourdes-Josefina Balcazar-Hernandez, Virgilio Melgar, Roser-Montserrat Magriña-Mercado, Baldomero Gonzalez, Javier Baquera, Moisés Mercado
A 19-year-old woman with a history of isosexual precocious puberty and bilateral oophorectomy at age 10 years because of giant ovarian cysts, presents with headaches and mild symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism. Hormonal evaluation revealed elevated FSH and LH levels in the postmenopausal range and free hyperthyroxinemia with an inappropriately normal TSH. Pituitary MRI showed a 2-cm macroadenoma with suprasellar extension. She underwent successful surgical resection of the pituitary tumor, which proved to be composed of two distinct populations of cells, each of them strongly immunoreactive for FSH and TSH, respectively...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720098/arcyriaflavin-a-a-cyclin-d1-cyclin-dependent-kinase4-inhibitor-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-proliferation-of-human-endometriotic-stromal-cells-a-potential-therapeutic-agent-in-endometriosis
#15
Tomoko Hirakawa, Kaei Nasu, Yoko Aoyagi, Kanetoshi Takebayashi, Hisashi Narahara
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that microRNA-503 (miR-503) transfection into endometriotic cyst stromal cells (ECSCs) induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase by suppressing cyclin D1. This finding prompted us to evaluate the potential therapeutic effects of cyclin D1 inhibitors in endometriotic cells. This study aimed to determine whether arcyriaflavin A, a representative inhibitor of cyclin D1-cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), is beneficial in the treatment of endometriosis. METHODS: ECSCs were isolated from the ovarian endometriotic tissues of 32 women...
July 18, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710813/case-report-of-a-paraovarian-cyst-in-a-15-year-old-adolescent-girl-with-premature-ovarian-failure
#16
Zhiyi Zhao, Ting Zhou, Shan Zhao, Wei Zhang, Fengnian Rong
An adolescent patient with premature ovarian failure presented with a large paraovarian cyst. Preserve the adnexa is critical when excising the cyst in such patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706413/virilization-in-a-postmenopausal-female-due-to-androgen-secreting-ovarian-dermoid-cyst
#17
Murali Subbaiah, Gowri Dorairajan, Debasis Gochhait, G Vijayalakshmi
Virilizing ovarian dermoid cysts are very rare. The source of androgen in these cysts may be tumors such as Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor or Leydig cell hyperplasia. A 52-year-old postmenopausal female with virilization was found to have an ovarian dermoid cyst on ultrasound. Her serum testosterone levels were elevated. Leydig cell hyperplasia within the dermoid cyst was found to be the source of androgen in this patient.
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700426/coexisting-primary-ovarian-and-omental-hydatid-disease-mimicking-an-ovarian-neoplasm-a-case-report
#18
Emre E Tas, Gulin F Yegin Akcay, Fatma Yildirim, Filiz Yavuz
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that most commonly affects the liver and lungs, although the disease can arise in any part of the body. Cysts may mimic many benign and malignant conditions. The diagnosis cannot be confirmed preoperatively in all cases. A 44-yr-old menopausal woman was admitted to the department of gynecology with complaints of abdominal distention. A fixed abdominopelvic mass was identified. Radiology revealed a 20-cm mass with branched septations and solid components. CA-125 level was 55 kU/L, and Risk of Malignancy Index-2 score was 880...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690737/-struma-ovarii-a-rare-case-of-giant-ovarian-cyst
#19
Hanane Raiteb, Hicham El Fazazi, Jaouad Kouach, Driss Moussaoui, Mohamed Dehayni
Struma ovarii is a rare tumor, which accounts for 2.7% of ovarian teratomas and 0.01% of ovarian tumors. It usually affects women in the fifth decades of life and is most often detected incidentally during ultrasound and then confirmed histologically. The gold standard treatment is surgery and prognosis is excellent. We here report the particular case of a young female patient with giant struma ovarii whose radiological features were classified as unusual presentation. We match patient's data with those from the literature...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683785/mesenteric-cysts-and-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-leading-to-intestinal-necrosis-in-pregnancy-managed-with-laparotomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Aris Giannos, Sofoklis Stavrou, Nikolaos Goumalatsos, George Fragkoulidis, Eleni Chra, Dimitrios Argiropoulos, Dimitrios Loutradis, Peter Drakakis
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric cyst is a rare clinical entity especially in pregnancy; therefore, few cases have been reported in the literature. The standard method of their treatment is surgical excision either with laparotomy or laparoscopy. In addition, mesenteric vein thrombosis is a rare and life-threatening condition in pregnancy and needs immediate treatment because it can lead to intestinal necrotic ischemia. This is the first report of the coexistence of mesenteric cysts and mesenteric vein thrombosis during gestation...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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