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Ovarian cysts

Kelsey L Shnaekel, Michael P Wendel, Nader Z Rabie, Everett F Magann
Objective: The aim of this review was to describe the risk factors, clinical and radiographic criteria, and management of this rare complication of pregnancy. Methods: A PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. Results: There were 60 articles identified, with 53 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been suggested in the literature including retroverted uterus in the first trimester, deep sacral concavity with an overlying sacral promontory, endometriosis, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, pelvic or uterine adhesions, ovarian cysts, leiomyomas, multifetal gestation, uterine anomalies, uterine prolapse, and uterine incarceration in a prior pregnancy...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Akemi Koshiba, Taisuke Mori, Fumitake Ito, Yukiko Tanaka, Osamu Takaoka, Akiko Takahata, Jo Kitawaki
AIM: To assess and compare the uterine volume and endometrium length between women with and without endometriosis, using pelvic magnetic resonance imaging scans. METHODS: In this case-control study, a total of 75 nulligravid women (aged 20-45 years) with regular menstrual cycles whose uterus were free of any surgically confirmed lesions were enrolled. The endometriosis group underwent surgery for endometrioma (n = 39), and the control group underwent surgery for non-endometrioma ovarian cysts (n = 36)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
F Moro, G F Zannoni, D Arciuolo, T Pasciuto, S Amoroso, F Mascilini, S Mainenti, G Scambia, A C Testa
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical and ultrasound findings of mucinous ovarian tumors. METHODS: Patients with a histological diagnosis of mucinous ovarian tumor who had undergone preoperative ultrasound examination were retrospectively identified from a single ultrasound center. The histological examination was performed by the same pathologist in all cases. The masses were described using the terms and definitions of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group...
August 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Yuichiro Kizaki, Tomonori Nagai, Ken Ohara, Yosuke Gomi, Taichi Akahori, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saito, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: While ovarian mature cystic teratomas are benign ovarian germ-cell tumors and the most common type of all ovarian tumors, the formation of fistulas into surrounding organs such as the bladder and the intestinal tract is extremely rare. This report documents a case of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a rectal fistula, thought to be caused by local inflammation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A pelvic mass was diagnosed as an ovarian mature cystic teratoma of approximately 10 cm in diameter on transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance examinations...
2016: SpringerPlus
Chrispin Mandiwa, Li-Jun Shen, Yao-Hua Tian, Lu-Lu Song, Gui-Qiang Xu, Si-Yi Yang, Yuan Liang, Jing Yuan, You-Jie Wang
Little is known about the association between parity and the risk of ovarian cysts. The aim of this study was to examine the association between parity and the risk of ovarian cysts among a population of Chinese women. A total of 20 502 women aged 45-86 years from the Dongfeng-Tongji Cohort study completed baseline questionnaires, medical examination and provided baseline blood samples. Participants were categorized into four groups according to parity (one, two, three, and four or more live births). Logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between parity and the risk of ovarian cysts...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Akihiro Takeda, Kazuko Watanabe, Shotaro Hayashi, Sanae Imoto, Hiromi Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Gynandroblastoma is an extremely rare ovarian sex cord tumor with malignant potential. CASE: An 18-year-old adolescent experienced intermittent vaginal bleeding. A year later, right adnexal mass with a heterogeneous imaging appearance was identified. Laparoendoscopic single-site ovarian tumorectomy was performed. A histopathological examination showed gynandroblastoma composed of juvenile granulosa and Sertoli-Leydig cells. Since the tumor was upstaged to stage Ic due to cyst rupture during surgery, three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel were added...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Sungwook Chun, Hyun Jin Cho, Yong Il Ji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change of ovarian reserve after unilateral laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy (LOC) in the early postoperative period between patients divided according to histologic diagnosis of cyst type. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients who were undergoing unilateral LOC for benign ovarian disease were included in this study. All participants were divided into three groups according to histologic diagnosis: endometrioma (n=26), mature teratoma (n=24), and other benign cyst (n=15)...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Anar Gojayev, Diana P English, Matthew Macer, Masoud Azodi
Background. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) rarely results in diffuse ascites. Severe adhesive disease secondary to PID may lead to the formation of inclusion cysts and even pelvic peritoneal nodularity due to postinflammatory scarring and cause an elevation of serum CA-125 levels. The constellation of these findings may mimic an ovarian neoplasm. Case. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with multiple pelvic cysts and diffuse ascites due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The initial gynecologic exam did not reveal obvious evidence of PID; however, a positive Chlamydia trachomatis test, pathologic findings, and the exclusion of other etiologies facilitated the diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Michael Michal, Alena Skálová, Dmitry V Kazakov, Květoslava Pecková, Filip Heidenreich, Petr Grossmann, Michal Michal
We report a tumor arising in the middle ear of a 65-year-old female patient that was composed of an ovarian-type stroma (OS) and an epithelial component. The tumor consisted of irregular, polypoid masses containing multiple variably sized cystic spaces which were invariably surrounded by the OS. The cystic spaces were lined by flat, cuboidal or columnar epithelial cells, in most parts showing mucinous differentiation. The epithelial lining of the cysts strongly expressed cytokeratins AE1-3, CK7, CK8, CK18, CK19, EMA and S100 protein...
October 13, 2016: Human Pathology
Alyssa M Krasinskas, Gerard J Oakley, Pelin Bagci, Kee-Taek Jang, Shih-Fan Kuan, Michelle D Reid, Ipek Erbarut, Volkan Adsay
Pancreatic cysts >1 cm lined by nonpapillary mucinous epithelium without ovarian-type stroma pose diagnostic challenges. The term "simple mucinous cyst" was recently proposed for this entity. Our goal was to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of these cysts, as they have not been previously described. Of the 39 patients with pancreatic resections included in this study, the mean age was 65 years and the female-to-male ratio was 4:1. The characteristics of the cysts are as follows: 82% had elevated cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen levels, 67% were unilocular, 69% occurred in the body/tail, 92% did not communicate with pancreatic ducts, the mean size was 2...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
I Sedláková, J Laco, J Tošner, J Špaček
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the expression of PgP (P-glycoprotein), MRP1 (multidrug related protein), and MRP3 in ovarian cancer patients, patients with benign ovarian tumors, and healthy women, and to evaluate the correlation between the expression of ATP-binding cassette proteins Pgp, MRP1, and MRP3 with stage, grade, and histological type. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue specimens from 212 women who underwent surgery at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at University Hospital Hradec Králové were subjected to immunohistochemical staining for Pgp, MRP1, and MRP3...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Beatriz D S F Bonamichi, Stella L M Santiago, Débora R Bertola, Chong A Kim, Nivaldo Alonso, Berenice B Mendonca, Tania A S S Bachega, Larissa G Gomes
P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) is a variant of congenital adrenal hyperplasia that is caused by POR gene mutations. The POR gene encodes a flavor protein that transfers electrons from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) to all microsomal cytochrome P450 type II (including 21-hydroxylase, 17α-hydroxylase 17,20 lyase and aromatase), which is fundamental for their enzymatic activity. POR mutations cause variable impairments in steroidogenic enzyme activities that result in wide phenotypic variability ranging from 46,XX or 46,XY disorders of sexual differentiation, glucocorticoid deficiency, with or without skeletal malformations similar to Antley-Bixler syndrome to asymptomatic newborns diagnosed during neonatal screening test...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kaitlin M Laws, Daniela Drummond-Barbosa
Multiple aspects of organismal physiology influence the number and activity of stem cells and their progeny, including nutritional status. Previous studies demonstrated that Drosophila germline stem cells (GSCs), follicle stem cells (FSCs), and their progeny sense and respond to diet via complex mechanisms involving many systemic and local signals. AMP-activated protein kinase, or AMPK, is a highly conserved regulator of energy homeostasis known to be activated under low cellular energy conditions; however, its role in the ovarian response to diet has not been investigated...
October 8, 2016: Developmental Biology
Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Franziska Michalski, Luise Tittl, Susann Hauswald-Dörschel, Sandra Marten
BACKGROUND: Observational data and results from post-hoc analyses in clinical trials suggest that direct oral factor Xa inhibitors might increase menstrual bleeding intensity in women of reproductive age, but the extent of this effect is unknown. We aimed to investigate the management and outcomes of vaginal bleeding complications during therapy with direct oral factor Xa inhibitors in a case series of women of reproductive age. METHODS: To identify individuals for inclusion in this case series, we searched two sources of prospectively collected data from women of reproductive age treated with direct oral factor Xa inhibitors: the non-interventional Dresden NOAC Registry (NCT01588119), which is based in the administrative district of Dresden (Saxony, Germany), and all locally archived data from phase 3 trials of direct oral factor Xa inhibitors done at University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden...
October 2016: Lancet Haematology
M Clark, T Zigras, L Bayat, S Kashani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
X Zhang, J Ding, K Hua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
P E Silva-Melendez, R Burgos-Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
A S Jones, A Nargund, C M Thomas, A Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
R A Alammari, E B Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Aynur Ersahin, Onder Celik, Mustafa Acet, Suphan Ersahin, Tuba Acet, Duygu Kara Bozkurt, Yasemin Yavuz, Selcuk Ilhan
The aim of this study was to determine whether endometrioma resection alters most commonly defined endometrial metabolites, lactate (Lac), N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine 1 (Cr1), creatine 2 (Cr2), and choline (Cho) during the window of implantation. Twenty patients with uni- or bilateral endometrioma and 7 patients having nonendometriotic benign ovarian cyst were included. Midluteal phase magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis of eutopic endometrium was performed before surgery. Second spectrum of endometrium was obtained 3 to 5 months after laparoscopic endometrioma resection...
September 27, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
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