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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716771/an-intervention-using-gamification-to-increase-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-california-rationale-and-design-of-stick-to-it
#2
Christopher M Mejia, Daniel Acland, Raluca Buzdugan, Reva Grimball, Lauren Natoli, Mark R McGrath, Jeffrey D Klausner, Sandra I McCoy
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) remain disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although routine HIV/STI screening is pivotal to the timely diagnosis of HIV and STIs, initiation of appropriate treatment, and reduced onward disease transmission, repeat screening is underused. Novel interventions that incorporate elements of games, an approach known as gamification, have the potential to increase routinization of HIV/STI screening among YMSM...
July 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716140/modelling-infectious-diseases-with-relapse-a-case-study-of-hsv-2
#3
Jinliang Wang, Xiaoqing Yu, Heidi L Tessmer, Toshikazu Kuniya, Ryosuke Omori
BACKGROUND: Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Although there is still no licensed vaccine for HSV-2, a theoretical investigation of the potential effects of a vaccine is considered important and has recently been conducted by several researchers. Although compartmental mathematical models were considered for each special case in the previous studies, as yet there are few global stability results. RESULTS: In this paper, we formulate a multi-group SVIRI epidemic model for HSV-2, which enables us to consider the effects of vaccination, of waning vaccine immunity, and of infection relapse...
July 17, 2017: Theoretical Biology & Medical Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708804/receptive-anal-intercourse-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-review
#4
Tracey Martin, Scott M Smukalla, Sunanda Kane, David P Hudesman, Richard Greene, Lisa B Malter
Receptive anal intercourse and its association with sexually transmitted infections and human papillomavirus-related anal dysplasia has been well studied in various at-risk groups including men who have sex with men. However, the relationship between receptive anal intercourse and its potential complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is not fully understood. This narrative review discusses sexually transmitted infections and anal dysplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease who engage in receptive anal intercourse and the lack of evidence-based data to guide clinical practice...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707451/perceptions-of-key-participants-about-botswana-adolescents-risks-of-unplanned-pregnancy-sexually-transmitted-diseases-and-hiv-qualitative-findings
#5
Mabel K M Magowe, Esther Seloilwe, Kefalotse Dithole, Janet St Lawrence
AIM: The qualitative research findings are reported on the perceptions of key participants in Botswana about adolescent sexuality problems and the feasibility (with suggestions) of an adolescent prevention intervention. METHODS: Twenty adult key participants who were selected through purposive sampling from schools and youth centers responded to open-ended questions during face-to-face individual in-depth interviews that were conducted between December, 2011 and January, 2012 in Gaborone, Botswana...
July 13, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701272/sexually-transmitted-infections-challenges-ahead
#6
REVIEW
Magnus Unemo, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Henry J C de Vries, Suzanna C Francis, David Mabey, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Gerard J B Sonder, Jane R Schwebke, Elske Hoornenborg, Rosanna W Peeling, Susan S Philip, Nicola Low, Christopher K Fairley
WHO estimated that nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of four curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs): chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Despite their high global incidence, STIs remain a neglected area of research. In this Commission, we have prioritised five areas that represent particular challenges in STI treatment and control. Chlamydia remains the most commonly diagnosed bacterial STI in high-income countries despite widespread testing recommendations, sensitive and specific non-invasive testing techniques, and cheap effective therapy...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698334/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-sexual-health-clinic-based-automated-text-message-reminders-on-testing-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-protocol-for-the-t2t-study
#7
Huachun Zou, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Shujie Huang, Tianjian Jia, Xuan Zhang, Zhenzhou Luo, Yi Ding, Ligang Yang, Jinmei Han, Weiying Chen, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen, China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694710/modeling-ecodevelopmental-context-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-hiv-risk-and-protective-behaviors-among-african-american-adolescents
#8
Ya-Huei Li, Osaro Mgbere, Susan Abughosh, Hua Chen, Paula Cuccaro, Ekere James Essien
Risk and protective processes are integrated developmental processes that directly or indirectly affect behavioral outcomes. A better understanding of these processes is needed, in order to gauge their contribution to sexual risk behaviors. This retrospective cross-sectional study modeled the ecodevelopmental chain of relationships to examine the social contexts of African-American (AA) adolescents associated with sexually transmitted disease (STD)- and HIV-risk behaviors. We used data from 1,619 AA adolescents with an average age of 16±1...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691575/performance-power-and-condom-use-reconceptualised-masculinities-amongst-western-male-sex-tourists-to-thailand
#9
Simon Bishop, Mark Limmer
Each year large numbers of Western men travel to Thailand for sex tourism. Although many will use condoms during their sexual encounters, others will not, potentially exposing themselves to the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Although sex tourism in Thailand has been well documented, the social drivers underpinning voluntary sexual risk-taking through the avoidance of condoms remain poorly understood. Engaging with R.W. Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and drawing on data collected from 1237 online discussion board posts and 14 face-to-face interviews, this study considers the ways in which understandings and performances of masculinities may inform the sexual risk-taking behaviours of Western male sex tourists...
July 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683790/very-low-sensitivity-of-wet-mount-microscopy-compared-to-pcr-against-culture-in-the-diagnosis-of-vaginal-trichomoniasis-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Sheila Nabweyambo, Othman Kakaire, Stefanie Sowinski, Alfred Okeng, Henry Ojiambo, Joshua Kimeze, Irene Najjingo, Freddie Bwanga
BACKGROUND: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) causes the Trichomoniasis Syndrome composed of vaginitis in women, urethritis in men and tube infection in both sexes. This infection is strongly associated with premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery, low birth weight, promoting HIV sexual transmission and infertility. Prevention of these complications requires accurate early detection and effective treatment of infected individuals. In the resource limited settings, the wet mount microscopy (WMM) is often the only available test for laboratory detection of TV, but its accuracy and that of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tools in Uganda remain poorly studied...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682879/sociodemographic-differences-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-recently-pregnant-women-in-mexico-city-a-case-control-study
#11
Daniel Aguilar-Zapata, Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Patricia Rodríguez-Zulueta, Ubaldo Ramos-Alamillo, Teresita Cabrera-López, Alexandra Martin-Onraet
National HIV preventive programs in Mexico focus on high-risk groups that do not consider women, apart from prenatal screening. Nonetheless, the epidemic in women is growing, and there is a need to better understand sociodemographic factors in women living with HIV (WLH). We performed a case-control study in Mexico City, including HIV+ and HIV- women with a recent pregnancy to compare their sociodemographic characteristics and describe the circumstances of diagnosis in HIV+ women, as well as prenatal screening frequency in both groups...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678903/factors-associated-with-reinfection-of-syphilis-in-reference-centers-for-sexually-transmitted-infections
#12
Valéria Correa de Almeida, Maria Rita Donalisio, Ricardo Cordeiro
OBJECTIVE: We aim to analyze trend of syphilis and factors associated with recurrent episodes of syphilis among adults and adolescents attended in a STI/AIDS reference centers in Campinas, state of São Paulo, 2004 to 2012. METHODS: Medical records, pharmacy data, and notification database were accessed to analyze trends of syphilis and sociodemographic, epidemiological and clinical variables associated with reinfection of syphilis. After univariate analysis, a hierarchical logistic regression model was adjusted to analyze variables associated with more than one episode of syphilis (dependent variable)...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672027/parents-views-on-sex-education-in-schools-how-much-do-democrats-and-republicans-agree
#13
Leslie Kantor, Nicole Levitz
More than 93 percent of parents place high importance on sex education in both middle and high school. Sex education in middle and high school is widely supported by parents regardless of their political affiliation. Using data from a large diverse sample of 1,633 parents of children aged 9 to 21 years, we examined whether views on sex education differed by parents' political affiliation. More than 89 percent of parents that identified as Republicans or Democrats support including a wide range of topics in sex education including puberty, healthy relationships, abstinence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and birth control in high school...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666469/on-the-implications-of-desexualizing-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-diseases-health-policy-challenges-in-a-multicultural-society
#14
Baruch Velan, Yaacov Yadgar
Two vaccines against sexually transmitted infections are included in many national vaccination programs: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) vaccine and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine. The trajectories of the implementation of these two programs were marked by differences in the way the sexual context of risk was communicated to the public. These trajectories fluctuated between full accounts of the sexual nature of the infection and attempts to desexualize the vaccines. Vaccine desexualization can be achieved by withholding information of sexual context, blurring information, and distancing the age of vaccination from the age of sexual debut...
July 1, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636651/yield-of-yearly-routine-physical-examination-in-hiv-1-infected-patients-is-limited-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#15
Marleen A van Amsterdam, Sander van Assen, Herman G Sprenger, Kasper R Wilting, Ymkje Stienstra, Wouter F W Bierman
BACKGROUND: Routine physical examinations might be of value in HIV-infected patients, but the yield is unknown. We determined the diagnoses that would have been missed without performing annual routine physical examinations in HIV-infected patients with stable disease. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of 299 HIV-1-infected patients with CD4 count >350 cells/mm3 if not using combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), or CD4 count >100 cells/mm3 and undetectable viral load if using cART...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635684/-spatial-analysis-of-syphilis-and-gonorrhea-infections-in-a-public-health-service-in-madrid
#16
Irene G M Wijers, Amaya Sánchez Gómez, Jose Antonio Taveira Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. METHODS: All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected...
June 21, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633630/clinical-characteristics-of-acute-hepatitis-a-outbreak-in-taiwan-2015-2016-observations-from-a-tertiary-medical-center
#17
Nan-Yu Chen, Zhuo-Hao Liu, Shian-Sen Shie, Tsung-Hsing Chen, Ting-Shu Wu
BACKGROUND: Acute hepatitis A is a fecal-oral transmitted disease related to inadequate sanitary conditions. In addition to its traditional classification, several outbreaks in the men who have sex with men (MSM) population have resulted in acute hepatitis A being recognized as a sexually transmitted disease. However, few studies have clarified the clinical manifestations in these outbreaks involving the MSM population. METHODS: Beginning in June 2015, there was an outbreak of acute hepatitis A involving the MSM population in Northern Taiwan...
June 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631064/analysis-of-case-parent-trios-for-imprinting-effect-using-a-loglinear-model-with-adjustment-for-sex-of-parent-specific-transmission-ratio-distortion
#18
Lam Opal Huang, Claire Infante-Rivard, Aurélie Labbe
Transmission ratio distortion (TRD) is a phenomenon where parental transmission of disease allele to the child does not follow the Mendelian inheritance ratio. TRD occurs in a sex-of-parent-specific or non-sex-of-parent-specific manner. An offset computed from the transmission probability of the minor allele in control-trios can be added to the loglinear model to adjust for TRD. Adjusting the model removes the inflation in the genotype relative risk (RR) estimate and Type 1 error introduced by non-sex-of-parent-specific TRD...
August 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611864/entamoeba-histolytica-infection-in-female-sex-workers-a-matched-case-control-study-in-durango-mexico
#19
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sanchez-Anguiano, Jesus Hernandez-Tinoco, Sergio Estrada-Martinez, Alma Rosa Perez-Alamos, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola
BACKGROUND: Infection with Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) can be potentially transmitted by sexual contact. The seroepidemiology of E. histolytica in female sex workers has not been studied. The aim of the study was to determine whether E. histolytica is associated with the occupation of female sex work. In addition, the correlates of E. histolytica seroprevalence in female sex workers were also investigated. METHODS: We performed an age- and gender-matched case-control study of 187 female sex workers and 374 women without sex work...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611512/hepatitis-a-virus-infection-and-hepatitis-a-vaccination-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Kuan-Yin Lin, Guan-Jhou Chen, Yu-Lin Lee, Yi-Chia Huang, Aristine Cheng, Hsin-Yun Sun, Sui-Yuan Chang, Chun-Eng Liu, Chien-Ching Hung
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is one of the most common infectious etiologies of acute hepatitis worldwide. The virus is known to be transmitted fecal-orally, resulting in symptoms ranging from asymptomatic infection to fulminant hepatitis. HAV can also be transmitted through oral-anal sex. Residents from regions of low endemicity for HAV infection often remain susceptible in their adulthood. Therefore, clustered HAV infections or outbreaks of acute hepatitis A among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users have been reported in countries of low endemicity for HAV infection...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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