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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#1
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776807/public-health-surveillance-of-multidrug-resistant-clones-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-europe-a-genomic-survey
#2
Simon R Harris, Michelle J Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Daniel Golparian, Susanne Jacobsson, Richard Goater, Khalil Abudahab, Corin A Yeats, Beatrice Bercot, Maria José Borrego, Brendan Crowley, Paola Stefanelli, Francesco Tripodo, Raquel Abad, David M Aanensen, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods for molecular epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae are suboptimal. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) offers ideal resolution to describe population dynamics and to predict and infer transmission of antimicrobial resistance, and can enhance infection control through linkage with epidemiological data. We used WGS, in conjunction with linked epidemiological and phenotypic data, to describe the gonococcal population in 20 European countries. We aimed to detail changes in phenotypic antimicrobial resistance levels (and the reasons for these changes) and strain distribution (with a focus on antimicrobial resistance strains in risk groups), and to predict antimicrobial resistance from WGS data...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776778/three-years-post-affordable-care-act-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-remain-critical-among-vulnerable-populations
#3
Nicky J Mehtani, Christina M Schumacher, Luke E Johnsen, Adena Greenbaum, C Patrick Chaulk, Khalil G Ghanem, Jacky M Jennings, Kathleen R Page
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to examine whether demand for publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics changed after Affordable Care Act implementation. METHODS: The percentages of total incident sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City that occurred at publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics were compared between the 3 years prior to and following the 2014 Medicaid and private insurance expansions. Risk factors associated with diagnosis at sexually transmitted disease clinics were identified using log binomial regression...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765926/sexual-disharmony-in-menopausal-women-and-their-husband-a-qualitative-study-of-reasons-strategies-and-ramifications
#5
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
Objectives: The goal of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of general practitioners and midwives during sexual dialogue with menopausal women. Methods: In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, 13 midwives and 12 general practitioners were selected using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling method. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis adopted by Graneheim and Lundman. Results: Through data analysis "sexual disharmony" emerged as a central theme, which included three categories of reasons, strategies, and ramifications of sexual disharmony...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764311/changes-in-the-swinging-lifestyle-a-us-national-and-historical-comparison
#6
Claire Kimberly, Robert McGinley
Although engaging in extramarital relationships with permission from spouses has been practised for generations, relatively little is known about those who participate and how they have changed over the years. This study expands on existing research by comparing the demographics and sexual practices of those in swinging and non-swinging communities from the 1980s to those in 2016. Data from the 1980s were collected through membership forms submitted to a swinger organisation and a national dataset conducted in the USA (i...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741446/high-prevalence-of-inconsistent-condom-use-with-regular-female-sex-partners-among-heterosexual-male-sexually-transmitted-disease-patients-in-southern-china
#7
Zixin Wang, Ligang Yang, Hui Jiang, Shujie Huang, Allison E Palmar, Lu Ma, Joseph T F Lau
(100 words) This study was to investigate prevalence of and factors associated with inconsistent condom use with regular female sex partners (RP) among heterosexual male STD patients (MSTDP) in China. We interviewed 413 MSTDP who had had sex with at least one RP and received a diagnosis within the past one week to six months. The prevalence of inconsistent condom use with RP was 42.9% since STD diagnosis. Associated factors included perceptions related to condom use based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, regret about the decision of having unprotected sex with RP and perceived personal partners' responsibility of using condoms...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741291/epidemiological-characteristics-and-associated-factors-of-acute-hepatitis-a-outbreak-among-hiv-coinfected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-taiwan-june-2015-december-2016
#8
Chien-Yu Cheng, Hao-Hsin Wu, Huachun Zou, Yi-Chun Lo
In Taiwan, an outbreak of acute hepatitis A (AHA) infection has been identified since June 2015. Approximately half of the cases occurred in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). We used the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (TCDC)-operated National Disease Surveillance Systems (NDSS) to identify the incidence of AHA during 2011-2016. Between June 2015 and December 2016, a total of 1,268 AHA cases were documented, and 601 cases (47.4%) were co-infected with HIV; the majority of whom were MSM (98.4%)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736816/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-infection-in-the-older-patient-what-can-be-recommended
#9
Iacopo Franconi, Giovanni Guaraldi
Over the past 15 years, a significant increase in new HIV/AIDS diagnoses has been observed in the elderly population. This new epidemiological shift has been attributed to a longer sex life, lifestyle and changes in sexual behavior, poor sexual health education, and misconceptions about the absence of sexually transmitted disease in later life. Although many biomedical and behavioral interventions have proven useful to prevent sexually transmitted infections and HIV, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to be the most successful biomedical intervention to prevent HIV in high-risk individuals...
May 8, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735814/oral-sex-related-knowledge-and-oral-sex-behavior-among-homosexual-and-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Milan D Bjekic, Sandra B Sipetic-Grujicic, Hristina D Vlajinac, Aleksandra M Nikolic
Background: Although the risk of sexually transmitted infections is far greater during vaginal and anal sex than during oral sex, increasing practice of oral sex and low rates of barrier method use will probably increase the relative importance of oral sex as a route of transmission for genital pathogens. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and attitudes about oral sex and sexually transmitted infections, as well as oral sex practices, both among heterosexuals and homosexual men and to compare those two groups...
May 2, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721601/-boys-health-survey-between-gender-gap-and-information-backlog
#11
S Grundl, J Kranz, J Rosellen, C Steffens, J Steffens
BACKGROUND: Early detection examinations take place from birth to the age of 6 years. The youth screening is a continuation of the screening of the "U-series" and should be carried out between the age of 12-15 and 16-17, respectively. Afterwards adolescent girls have good contact with a gynecologist, but adolescent boys usually do not have a medical contact person who they can trust in. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To evaluate the state of knowledge on boys' health, a 15-item comprehensive knowledge survey was conducted among ninth grade students at 7 secondary schools (Gymnasien) in North Rhine-Westphalia...
May 2, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716789/comparison-of-hiv-status-between-transgender-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-meta-analysis
#12
Tian-Zhang Song, Ming-Xu Zhang, Han-Dan Zhang, Yu Xiao, Wei Pang, Yong-Tang Zheng
As key population groups in HIV infection, transgender women (TGW) share the same oral and anal sexual practices with men who have sex with men (MSM). However, the differences in HIV rates between the two groups are still unclear. In our study, relevant publications were electronically searched in three databases. After excluding irrelevant studies based on review of the title, abstract, and full text, a total of 24 studies, including 37,521 cases, were identified. There were no significant differences between TGW and MSM regarding HIV status and condom use...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704408/inter-subject-differences-in-circadian-coordination-captured-in-real-time-in-healthy-and-cancerous-individual-persons-during-their-daily-routine-using-a-mobile-internet-platform
#13
Sandra Komarzynski, Qi Huang, Pasquale F Innominato, Monique Maurice, Alexandre Arbaud, Jacques Beau, Mohamed Bouchahda, Ayhan Ulusakarya, Nicolas Beaumatin, Gabriele Breda, Bärbel Finkenstädt, Francis Levi
BACKGROUND: Experimental and epidemiologic studies have shown that circadian clocks disruption can play an important role in the development of cancer and metabolic diseases. The cellular clocks outside the brain are effectively coordinated by the body temperature rhythm. We hypothesized that concurrent measurements of body temperature and rest-activity rhythms would assess circadian clocks coordination in individual patients, thus enabling the integration of biological rhythms into precision medicine...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703611/-amoebosis-may-sexual-transmission-be-an-underestimated-way-of-contamination
#14
B Lohberger Timsit, A Deroux, M Lugosi, B Colombe, L Bouillet
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is a cosmopolitan disease and the third most deadly of parasitic diseases. Entamoeba histolytica is the only one to be pathogenic. Its transmission is not only related to the faecal peril but also sexual, with cases described among men who have sex with men. A case of unusual sexual transmission is described in this article, aiming to discuss the impact of these ways of transmitting amoebiasis on patient management. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of an amebic liver abscess in a 27-years-old man who did not travel in endemic areas...
April 24, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680458/sexually-transmitted-diseases-of-the-anus-and-rectum-causal-agents-coinfections-hiv-infection-and-high-risk-sexual-behaviour
#15
Daniel Morgado-Carrasco, Mercè Alsina Gibert, Jordi Bosch Mestres, Miriam Álvarez Martínez, José Luís Blanco Arévalo, Irene Fuertes de Vega
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sexually transmitted infections of the rectum and anus (STI-RA) mainly affect men who have sex with men (MSM). The incidence of STI-RA among them has increased in recent years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study in patients with diagnoses of STI-RA in an STI unit during the years 2014 and 2015. Epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data were collected. RESULTS: We included 95 patients, all of whom were MSM; 88...
April 18, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615297/is-there-synergy-in-syndemics-psychosocial-conditions-and-sexual-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#16
Cecilia Tomori, Allison M McFall, Sunil S Solomon, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Santhanam Anand, P Balakrishnan, Shruti H Mehta, David D Celentano
Syndemic theory describes the clustering and synergistic interaction of disease driven by contextual and social factors, which worsen health outcomes for a population, and has been applied to men who have sex with men (MSM) and their risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Recent reviews, however, have critiqued prevailing approaches in syndemic studies that assess only additive associations without evaluation of synergy. Following these suggestions, we compared the traditional additive approach with a test for synergistic association of 5 syndemic conditions (alcohol dependence, illicit drug use, depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and childhood sexual abuse (CSA)) with unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and active syphilis infection among 11,771 MSM recruited through respondent driven sampling from 12 cities in India...
March 23, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607650/factors-associated-with-high-grade-anal-intraepithelial-lesion-in-hiv-positive-men-in-a-southern-u-s-city
#17
Melanie Ann Frank, Cecile Lahiri, Minh Ly Nguyen, C Christina Mehta, Marina Mosunjac, Lisa Flowers
The incidence of anal cancer is increased in HIV-infected patients compared to the general population. Risk factors associated with the anal cancer precursor, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), have not been extensively studied in an urban black population with late stage HIV disease. We performed a retrospective chart review of HIV infected men at the Grady Ponce de Leon Center HIV Clinic in Atlanta, Georgia referred for high resolution anoscopy (HRA), a procedure where anal tissue is examined under magnification and abnormal areas are biopsied...
April 1, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600484/morphometrics-of-the-southern-green-stink-bug-nezara-viridula-l-hemiptera-pentatomidae-stylet-bundle
#18
J F Esquivel, R E Droleskey, L A Ward, R B Harvey
The southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is a cosmopolitan pest of high-value cash crops, including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.; Malvales: Malvaceae). The pest can ingest and transmit disease-causing bacterial and fungal pathogens of cotton. We hypothesized that the size of the food canal may contribute to selective transmission, as observed in previous reports. The objective of this study was to examine food canal size and other morphometric parameters of the southern green stink bug stylet bundle at two locations (labium and head) to improve our understanding of factors that may contribute to pathogen transmission...
March 29, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596611/comparison-of-frankliniella-fusca-and-frankliniella-occidentalis-thysanoptera-thripidae-as-vectors-for-a-peanut-strain-of-tomato-spotted-wilt-orthotospovirus
#19
Steven P Arthurs, Kevin M Heinz, Forrest L Mitchell
Tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (TSWV) is a major disease in peanut, Arachis hypogaea L., across peanut producing regions of the United States and elsewhere. Two thrips, Frankliniella fusca Hinds and Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), are considered important vectors of TSWV in peanut in the Southeast. We compared the efficiency of acquisition (by larvae) and transmission (adults) of both thrips species for TSWV (Texas peanut-strain) to leaf disks of peanut (Florunner), as well as to Impatiens walleriana Hook...
March 27, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567633/web-2-0-tools-in-the-prevention-of-curable-sexually-transmitted-diseases-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
María Sanz-Lorente, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Ramón Castejón-Bolea, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: The internet is now the primary source of information that young people use to get information on issues related to sex, contraception, and sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to review the scientific literature related to the use of Web 2.0 tools as opposed to other strategies in the prevention of curable sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). METHODS: A scoping review was performed on the documentation indexed in the bibliographic databases MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, PsycINFO, Educational Resources Information Center, the databases of Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas in Spain, and the Índice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud from the first available date according to the characteristics of each database until April 2017...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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