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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905879/transcriptome-profiling-in-the-damselfly-ischnura-elegans-identifies-genes-with-sex-biased-expression
#1
Pallavi Chauhan, Maren Wellenreuther, Bengt Hansson
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism occurs widely across the animal kingdom and has profound effects on evolutionary trajectories. Here, we investigate sex-specific gene expression in Ischnura elegans (Odonata: dragonflies and damselflies), a species with pronounced sexual differences including a female-limited colour polymorphism with two female-like gynochrome morphs and one male-mimicking, androchrome morph. Whole-organism transcriptome profiling and sex-biased gene expression analysis was conducted on adults of both sexes (pooling all females as well as separating the three morphs) to gain insights into genes and pathways potentially associated with sexual development and sexual conflict...
December 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903354/-the-characteristics-of-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-and-predictors-of-their-migration-2008-2015
#2
Q Q Qin, W Guo, L Y Wang, Z W Ding, C Cai, Y Cui, J P Sun
Objective: To characterize the migration patterns of men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV/AIDS in the period 2008-2015 and to characterize the determinants of their migration. Methods: All identified HIV/AIDS cases transmitted through self-reported homosexual contact reported to the National Case Reporting System(CRS) by the end of December 31, 2015 were included in this study. Data of basic demographic characteristics, household registration and address of the research objects were collected. Retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the migration characteristics of HIV/AIDS cases between 2008 and 2015...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902759/seroprevalence-and-associated-factors-of-9-valent-human-papillomavirus-hpv-types-among-men-in-the-multinational-him-study
#3
Shams Rahman, Christine M Pierce Campbell, Dana E Rollison, Wei Wang, Tim Waterboer, Angelika Michel, Michael Pawlita, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano Ponce, Amy R Borenstein, Anna R Giuliano
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Recently a 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) prophylactic vaccine was licensed. Seroprevalence prior to vaccine dissemination is needed for monitoring vaccine effectiveness over time. Few studies have assessed the seroprevalence of 9vHPV types in men. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seroprevalence of 9vHPV vaccine types and associated risk factors among men residing in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898576/sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-and-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-a-large-online-survey-of-us-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-risk-for-hiv-infection-2012
#4
Erin M Kahle, Elissa Meites, R Craig Sineath, Muazzam Nasrullah, Kristina E Bowles, Elizabeth DiNenno, Patrick S Sullivan, Travis Sanchez
National guidelines recommend annual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease testing for sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) and vaccination against human papillomavirus for MSM through age 26. A 2012 online survey of 2,794 MSM found that 51%, 36%, and 14% reported receiving human immunodeficiency virus testing, sexually transmitted disease testing, and human papillomavirus vaccination, respectively.
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893866/ecology-and-demography-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs-in-rural-villages-near-serengeti-national-park-in-tanzania
#5
Anna M Czupryna, Joel S Brown, Machunde A Bigambo, Christopher J Whelan, Supriya D Mehta, Rachel M Santymire, Felix J Lankester, Lisa J Faust
Free-roaming dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are of public health and conservation concern because of their potential to transmit diseases, such as rabies, to both people and wildlife. Understanding domestic dog population dynamics and how they could potentially be impacted by interventions, such as rabies vaccination, is vital for such disease control efforts. For four years, we measured demographic data on 2,649 free-roaming domestic dogs in four rural villages in Tanzania: two villages with and two without a rabies vaccination campaign...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893604/implementation-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-at-a-new-england-sexually-transmitted-diseases-clinic
#6
Philip A Chan, Tiffany R Glynn, Catherine E Oldenburg, Madeline C Montgomery, Ashley E Robinette, Alexi Almonte, Julia Raifman, Leandro Mena, Rupa Patel, Kenneth H Mayer, Laura S Beauchamps, Amy S Nunn
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is efficacious in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men (MSM). We assessed PrEP uptake among MSM presenting for services at a sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinic. METHODS: Men who have sex with men presenting to the Rhode Island STD Clinic between October 2013 and November 2014 were educated about, and offered, PrEP. We categorized PrEP engagement using an implementation cascade to describe gaps in uptake which described MSM who: (1) were educated about PrEP, (2) indicated interest, (3) successfully received follow-up contact, (4) scheduled an appointment, (5) attended an appointment, and (6) initiated PrEP (ie, received a prescription)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866390/school-based-hiv-std-testing-behaviors-and-motivations-among-black-and-hispanic-teen-msm-results-from-a-formative-evaluation
#7
Elana Morris, Pablo Topete, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Elizabeth Kroupa, Lisa Carver
BACKGROUND: This evaluation explores experiences with, and motivations for, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among black and Hispanic school-aged young men who have sex with men (YMSM). METHODS: Participants were recruited at community-based organizations that serve YMSM in New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Eligible participants were 13- to 19-year-old black or Hispanic males who reported attraction to or sexual behavior with other males and/or identified as gay or bisexual, and attended at least 90 days of school in the previous 18 months...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856515/very-high-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-buenos-aires-city-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
E Bissio, V Cisneros, G D Lopardo, L I Cassetti
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly syphilis, is high and continues to rise among some populations, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM). Furthermore, a higher incidence of STIs has been reported in HIV-positive than in HIV-negative MSM. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of syphilis in a cohort of men with HIV in Buenos Aires city. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. We examined the records and visits made by men with HIV aged >18 years in our institution during a 1-year period...
November 17, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855594/when-chems-meet-sex-a-rising-phenomenon-called-chemsex
#9
Raffaele Giorgetti, Adriano Tagliabracci, Fabrizio Schifano, Simona Zaami, Enrico Marinelli, Francesco Paolo Busardò
BACKGROUND: The term "chemsex" was coined to indicate the voluntary intake of psychoactive and non psychoactive drugs in the context of recreational settings to facilitate and/or to enhance sexual intercourses mostly among men who have sex with other men (MSM). OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to review the mechanisms of action, the toxicity and the pattern of use and abuse of substances involved in "chemsex" practice together with the sociocultural background underlying it and the health-related consequences that they may have...
November 17, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849371/determinants-of-behavior-change-intention-among-heterosexual-thai-males-diagnosed-with-sexually-transmitted-diseases
#10
Ratsiri Thato, Ekkachai Daengsaard
This study sought to identify factors associated with intention to change sexual practices among heterosexual Thai males diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STI clinic patients (n = 247) reported their sexual behaviors and condom use during the previous 3 months. STI and HIV knowledge, motivation to change sexual practices, and behavioral skills were assessed. Then, self-reported behavior change intention, including consistent condom use, reducing number of sexual partners, not using drugs and alcohol when having sex, and refusal of condomless sex, was examined...
November 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846873/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-hiv-transmission-and-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-different-areas-of-inner-mongolia-autonomous-region-china
#11
Lin Qu, Wenrui Wang, Yongming Gao, Jingyuan Yang, Jijiang Dai, Dawei Wang, Bo Tao
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and the sexual intercourse habits of men who have sex with men (MSM) in crowded places, both locally and abroad. This study conducted a survey of MSM in different locales of Inner Mongolia to provide a reference for developing strategies or measures to prevent and control HIV among this understudied population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of men aged 18 years and older at different venues popular among MSM in Inner Mongolia...
November 15, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846273/risk-factors-for-bunyavirus-associated-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-a-community-based-case-control-study
#12
Jian-Li Hu, Zhi-Feng Li, Xiao-Chen Wang, Lei Hong, Hao He, Wei-Guo Chen, Lu-Xun Li, Ai-Hua Shen, Xue-Jian Liu, Shou-Guo Yuan, Jian-Gang Zhou, Wen-Wen Tan, Wei-Zhong Zhou, Fen-Yang Tang, Feng-Cai Zhu, Chang-Jun Bao
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel bunyavirus. Previous studies about risk factors for SFTSV infection have yielded inconsistent results, and behavior factors have not been fully clarified. METHODS: A community-based, 1:4 matched case-control study was carried out to investigate the risk factors for SFTS in China. Cases of SFTS were defined as laboratory-confirmed cases that tested positive for real-time PCR (RT-PCR) for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome bunyavirus (SFTSV) or positive for IgM antibodies against SFTSV...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836494/associations-between-vaginal-infections-and-potential-high-risk-and-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-in-female-sex-workers-in-western-kenya
#13
Sonia Menon, Davy Vanden Broeck, Rodolfo Rossi, Emiliono Ogbe, Stacy Harmon, Hillary Mabeya
PURPOSE: Infection with and persistence of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) are the strongest risk factors for cervical cancer. Little is known about the prevalence and role of concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) found in HPV-infected female sex workers (FSW) in Africa. This study purports to test our a priori hypotheses that STIs are associated with genotypes pertaining to the α-group species 9. The objectives were to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV), Trichomonas vaginalis, and Candida spp in FSW, the association between these STIs and the prevalence of any potential HR and HR HPV genotypes in FSWs...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835629/the-association-of-health-seeking-behaviors-with-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-status-among-high-risk-urban-youth
#14
Holly B Fontenot, Terrence Lee-St John, Ralph Vetters, Danielle Funk, Chris Grasso, Kenneth H Mayer
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is the primary strategy to reduce the burden of human papillomavirus (HPV) related diseases in the United States. Unvaccinated youth are at risk for HPV infection and associated diseases, and limited research has explored factors associated with HPV vaccination among those who are disadvantaged and at high risk, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer and/or homeless. METHODS: A retrospective electronic medical record review was conducted at an urban, homeless, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer focused health center in northeastern US logistic regression models examined the associations between HPV vaccination and demographic/social characteristics and health behaviors...
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834441/validity-and-reliability-of-a-persian-version-of-a-questionnaire-on-knowledge-of-health-care-providers-about-sexually-transmitted-infections
#15
D Pourmarzi, S Taromian, M Razi, A Esmaeilie-Hesari
The aim of this study was to translate into Persian and validate a questionnaire on knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases published by Jaworski and Carey in 2007. The questionnaire was forward-translated by two bilingual translators, and both translations were discussed by an expert team. The questionnaire was then back-translated by two other bilingual translators and discussed with both of them. Two sex-segregated focus group discussions were held with 21 health care providers to evaluate the comprehensibility of the questions...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832474/social-support-and-hiv-risks-among-migrant-and-non-migrant-market-workers-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#16
Gaukhar Mergenova, Stacey A Shaw, Assel Terlikbayeva, Louisa Gilbert, Lenore Gensburg, Sholpan Primbetova, Nabila El-Bassel
: Migration processes are listed within the primary factors facilitating the heterosexual spread of HIV. The study examines the relationship between social support, sexual HIV risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers from Barakholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan. RESULTS: (1) higher level of perceived social support [Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease (ENRICHD) Social Support Instrument (ESSI score)] was associated with a lower likelihood of having sex with a female sex worker (FSW) [OR = 0...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832051/incidence-of-zika-virus-disease-by-age-and-sex-puerto-rico-november-1-2015-october-20-2016
#17
Matthew Lozier, Laura Adams, Mitchelle Flores Febo, Jomil Torres-Aponte, Melissa Bello-Pagan, Kyle R Ryff, Jorge Munoz-Jordan, Myriam Garcia, Aidsa Rivera, Jennifer S Read, Stephen H Waterman, Tyler M Sharp, Brenda Rivera-Garcia
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes species mosquitoes; symptoms of infection include rash, arthralgia, fever, and conjunctivitis.*(,)(†) Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly and other serious brain anomalies (1), and in rare cases, Zika virus infection has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (2) and severe thrombocytopenia (3). This report describes the incidence of reported symptomatic Zika virus disease in the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico by age and sex...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818966/sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hospitalized-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-hiv-aids-in-zahedan-southeastern-iran
#18
Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri, Batool Sharifi-Mood, Hamid-Reza Kouhpayeh, Javad Moazen, Mohsen Farrokhian, Masoud Salehi
BACKGROUND: Studies show that nearly 40 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) around the world and since the beginning of the epidemic, about 35 million have died from AIDS. Heterosexual intercourse is the most common route for transmission of HIV infection (85%). People with a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis, genital herpes, chancroid, or bacterial vaginosis, are more likely to obtain HIV infection during sex...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793121/seroprevalence-and-correlates-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-infection-among-young-adults-in-arkhangelsk-northwest-russia-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tatiana Balaeva, Andrej M Grjibovski, Oleg Sidorenkov, Olga Samodova, Natalia Firsova, Anatoly Sannikov, Elise Klouman
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection is the most common cause of genital ulcer disease (GUD) worldwide. Mother to child transmission causes high morbidity and mortality among infants. Russia is on the brink of a generalized HIV-epidemic, but Arkhangelsk is still a low-prevalence area. HSV-2 infection is associated with a three-fold increased risk of HIV-infection. The evidence on the seroprevalence of HSV-2 in Russia is limited. The aim of this study was to assess HSV-2 seroprevalence and correlates among young adults in the city of Arkhangelsk...
October 28, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789159/seroprevalence-of-babesia-bovis-b-bigemina-trypanosoma-evansi-and-anaplasma-marginale-antibodies-in-cattle-in-southern-egypt
#20
Ragab M Fereig, Samy G A Mohamed, Hassan Y A H Mahmoud, Mahmoud Rezk AbouLaila, Azirwan Guswanto, Thu-Thuy Nguyen, Adel Elsayed Ahmed Mohamed, Noboru Inoue, Ikuo Igarashi, Yoshifumi Nishikawa
Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, Trypanosoma evansi, and Anaplasma marginale infections cause serious diseases in cattle, and are primarily transmitted by arthropod vectors (ticks for B. bovis, B. bigemina, and A. marginale and various types of flies for T. evansi). In the last few years, there have been many reports of a high prevalence of certain protozoan infections in northern Egypt, but no accurate or adequate data are available for the southern regions. Therefore, in this study, we screened for evidence of such diseases in economically important cattle species using serum samples...
January 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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