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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208724/assessing-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-risky-behaviors-and-preventive-practices-on-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-university-students-as-future-healthcare-providers-in-the-central-zone-of-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Adigun Temiloluwa Folasayo, Afolayan John Oluwasegun, Suhailah Samsudin, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
This study was done to assess the knowledge, attitudes, risky behaviors and preventive practices related to sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) among health and non-health sciences university students as future healthcare providers in Malaysia. A total of 700 health and non-health sciences university students (255 male; 445 female) aged between 17 and 30 years were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. The majority (86.6%) had heard of STDs, and 50.4% knew STDs could present without symptoms...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202696/low-cancer-prevalence-in-polyglutamine-expansion-diseases
#2
Giulia Coarelli, Alhassane Diallo, Morgane Sonia Thion, Daisy Rinaldi, Fabienne Calvas, Ouahid Lagha Boukbiza, Alina Tataru, Perrine Charles, Christine Tranchant, Cecilia Marelli, Claire Ewenczyk, Maya Tchikviladzé, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Bertrand Carlander, Mathieu Anheim, Alexis Brice, Fanny Mochel, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel, Sandrine Humbert, Alexandra Durr
OBJECTIVE: Polyglutamine (PolyQ) diseases are dominantly transmitted neurologic disorders, caused by coding and expanded CAG trinucleotide repeats. Cancer was reported retrospectively to be rare in patients with PolyQ diseases and we aimed to investigate its prevalence in France. METHODS: Consecutive patients with Huntington disease (HD) and spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) were questioned about cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and related risk factors in 4 university hospitals in Paris, Toulouse, Strasbourg, and Montpellier...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#3
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188030/unveiling-of-hiv-dynamics-among-transgender-women-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#4
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Emilia M Jalil, Laylla Monteiro, Luciane Velasque, Ronaldo I Moreira, Ana Cristina F Garcia, Cristiane V Castro, Alícia Krüger, Paula M Luz, Albert Y Liu, Willi McFarland, Susan Buchbinder, Valdilea G Veloso, Erin C Wilson
BACKGROUND: The burden of HIV in transgender women (transwomen) in Brazil remains unknown. We aimed to estimate HIV prevalence among transwomen in Rio de Janeiro and to identify predictors of newly diagnosed HIV infections. METHODS: We recruited transwomen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by respondent-driven sampling. Eligibility criteria were self-identification as transwomen, being 18 years of age or older, living in Rio de Janeiro or its metropolitan area, and having a valid peer recruitment coupon...
February 7, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166759/sexual-health-status-of-women-who-have-regular-sexual-relations-with-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-mainland-china
#5
Xiufang Li, Beichuan Zhang, Juan Wang, Yang Li, Xianhong Li, Peiheng Yu, Minghua Liu, Xinqiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk group for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In China, the vast majority of MSM feel forced to marry or plan to marry women, according to traditional Chinese culture. Women who have regular sexual relations with MSM, called tongqi in mainland China, live with a high risk of STDs or HIV infection, but these risks are often ignored. Our investigation of this group of the women is a preliminary study that aims to understand the sexual health problems of tongqi and related factors...
February 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166738/knowledge-of-hiv-infection-and-other-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-finland
#6
Tarja Suominen, Teppo Heikkinen, Marja Pakarinen, Anne-Mari Sepponen, Jari Kylmä
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe what is known about HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases, infection transmission routes, care, and sources of information, from the viewpoint of men having sex with men. METHODS: National data (n = 2,072) was collected from June to August 2010 in Finland as part of a joint internet-based survey conducted in 38 countries (EMIS, European MSM Internet Sex Survey). RESULTS: The respondents' age, place of residence, highest education and employment status were statistically significantly related to how often the respondent sought information on HIV, testing and treatments, and what they knew about infection transmission routes...
February 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151066/-i-don-t-want-to-be-that-guy-walking-in-the-feminine-product-aisle-a-photovoice-exploration-of-college-men-s-perceptions-of-safer-sex-responsibility
#7
Jean M Breny, Deirdre C Lombardi
Incidence and prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to increase among young heterosexual men and women in the United States. Although research studies examine the reasons why these young people are not engaging in safe sex behavior, many have not explored factors beyond individual behaviors. Much of the current research focuses on young women, for the most part leaving men out of the equation. In this study, a Photovoice methodology was used to examine social norms, media messaging and perceptions of responsibility surrounding safe sex practices, specifically condom use, among male heterosexual undergraduate students...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146047/similarities-and-differences-matter-considering-the-influence-of-gender-on-hiv-prevention-programs-for-young-adults-in-an-urban-hbcu
#8
Ian Lindong, Lorece Edwards, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disproportionately burdens African American youth and young adults. In studies conducted in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) settings, African American youth generally perceive themselves as having a low risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) despite having higher rates of unprotected sexual encounters, multiple sex partners, and particularly low rates of HIV testing and awareness of HIV status...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145800/hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-disease-testing-behavior-among-adolescent-sexual-minority-males-analysis-of-pooled-youth-risk-behavior-survey-data-2005-2013
#9
Akshay Sharma, Li Yan Wang, Richard Dunville, Rachel K Valencia, Eli S Rosenberg, Patrick S Sullivan
PURPOSE: Adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM) comprise a high-risk group that may benefit from expanded human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention services. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HIV and STD testing among ASMM from pooled high school Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSs). METHODS: Data came from 26 YRBSs from 2005 to 2013, which included questions on sexual identity and/or sex of sexual contacts and questions on ever being tested for HIV and/or STDs...
February 1, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140605/rates-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infections-across-the-deployment-cycle-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2008-2015
#10
Shauna Stahlman, Eric C Garges, Saixia Ying, Leslie L Clark
High rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), have been documented among U.S. military service members. However, it is unknown whether phases of the deployment cycle affect risk for CT. This article characterizes the rates of CT infections during the predeployment, deployment, and post-deployment phases for active component members of the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps during 2008-2015. Cases of CT were defined using laboratory, reportable medical event, and prescription data in a sensitivity analysis approach...
January 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132745/associations-between-sex-education-and-contraceptive-use-among-heterosexually-active-adolescent-males-in-the-united-states
#11
Nicole Jaramillo, Eric R Buhi, John P Elder, Heather L Corliss
PURPOSE: This study examined associations between reports of receiving education on topics commonly included in sex education (e.g., abstinence only, comprehensive) prior to age 18 years and contraceptive use at the last sex among heterosexually active, 15- to 20-year-old males in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 539 males participating in the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth were analyzed. Bivariate and multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusting for confounding estimated associations between receipt of seven sex education topics (e...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124964/-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-female-syrian-refugees-with-the-complaints-of-vaginitis-aged-between-15-49-years
#12
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Mustafa Aksoy, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Neşe Gül Hilali, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Behire Özek, Gökhan Yıldırımkaya
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, most of the Syrian refugees have immigrated to Turkey due to its open gate policy and the width of the border. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that there were 2.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many of the Syrian refugees live in Sanliurfa due to its location on the border with Syria. Trichomonas vaginalis, apart from viral agents is the most common parasite among sexually transmitted infection agents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120646/prevalence-and-the-associated-risk-factors-of-hiv-stis-and-hbv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kunming-china
#13
Xiujie Zhang, Manhong Jia, Min Chen, Hongbing Luo, Huichao Chen, Wei Luo, Wanyue Zhang, Yanling Ma, Chaojun Yang, Yanling Yang, Xiaobin Zhang, Jie Dai, Lijuan Dong, William Cw Wong, Pengfei Zhao, Lin Lu
To investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kunming, 300 MSM were recruited through community-based organizations between September 2014 and January 2015. The prevalence of HIV, HBsAg, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) were 17.0%, 7.7%, 11.3%, 18.2% and 13.2%, respectively. In the three different anatomic sites (urethra, rectum and pharynx), the prevalence of rectal CT was the highest (15...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117765/-sexuality-risk-factors-among-people-with-suspect-of-sexually-transmitted-disease
#14
María Ángeles Pérez-Morente, Esperanza Cano-Romero, María Teresa Sánchez-Ocón, Esperanza Castro-López, Francisco Jiménez-Bautista, César Hueso-Montoro
OBJECTIVE: Describing determinants factors in Sexually Transmitted Diseases is necessary to evaluate and design effective measures for prevention and treatment. The aim of this research was to determine the sexual risk factors of people who are treated at Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre and to analyze differences based on gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study on 496 clinical reports, period of time 2010 to 2014, of people who come to the Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Sexual Orientation Centre of Granada, for suspected of Sexually Transmitted Diseases...
January 25, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116589/identifying-health-experiences-of-domestically-sex-trafficked-women-in-the-usa-a-qualitative-study-in-rikers-island-jail
#15
Anita Ravi, Megan Rose Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
While sex trafficking in the USA is a significant medical and public health issue, there is sparse data on the healthcare needs of and access for this population. This study was designed to identify experiences of domestically sex-trafficked women regarding healthcare access, reproductive health, and infectious diseases while trafficked. Trafficking survivors incarcerated in New York City's Rikers Island women's jail participated in audio-recorded interviews between July and September 2015. Recordings were transcribed, and a content analysis was completed to identify health-related themes...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100187/prevalence-of-hiv-and-syphilis-co-infection-and-associated-factors-among-non-commercial-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-shenzhen-china
#16
Wenjie Dai, Zhenzhou Luo, Ruiwei Xu, Guanglu Zhao, Dan Tu, Lin Yang, Feng Wang, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Fuchang Hong, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng
BACKGROUND: Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphilis risk profiles, indicating that interventions for HIV and HIV-related co-infections may vary with different subgroups of MSM. However, no previous study has investigated HIV and syphilis co-infection among non-commercial MSM (ncMSM) attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
January 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095879/treatment-seeking-behaviour-and-barriers-to-service-access-for-sexually-transmitted-diseases-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jun-Jie Xu, Yan-Qiu Yu, Qing-Hai Hu, Hong-Jing Yan, Zhe Wang, Lin Lu, Ming-Hua Zhuang, Xi Chen, Ji-Hua Fu, Wei-Ming Tang, Wen-Qing Geng, Yong-Jun Jiang, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Delayed or inappropriate treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) increases the risk of HIV acquisition and may cause other harmful outcomes. However, studies on STD treatment-seeking behaviour and correlated factors in men who have sex with men (MSM) are scarce. This information is crucial for the promotion of STD treatment-seeking behaviour and reduction of HIV transmission among Chinese MSM. METHODS: During 2012-2013, a multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 Chinese cities...
January 18, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043196/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-viral-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-seropositive-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#18
Shikha Chugh, Vijay Kumar Garg, Rashmi Sarkar, Kabir Sardana
Sexually transmitted diseases are a major public health problem both in developing and in developed countries, and especially with the co-synergy with HIV infection, there is an increasing need to have a proper understanding of the clinicodemographic patterns of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for planning and implementing control strategies. Worldwide, there is an increased preponderance of viral STIs. Increasing incidence and altered clinical presentation of viral STIs in patients with HIV pose a diagnostic challenge; thereby, we studied the demographic profile of HIV-seropositive patients and compared clinical manifestations of viral STIs in HIV-seropositive patients to those in seronegative individuals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035112/the-incidence-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-babesia-microti-coinfections-among-foresters-and-farmers-in-eastern-poland
#19
Anna Pañczuk, Małgorzata Tokarska-Rodak, Maria Kozioł-Montewka, Dorota Plewik
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Lyme borreliosis is the most common tick-borne disease in Europe and the USA. However, a great variety of pathogens are transmitted by ticks, which results in mixed infections, with Lyme borreliosis. The aim of the present study was to show the incidence of Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti coinfections among the population of foresters and farmers, as these people, due to their profession, are particularly exposed to tick contact...
October 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033470/developing-a-motion-comic-for-hiv-std-prevention-for-young-people-ages-15-24-part-2-evaluation-of-a-pilot-intervention
#20
Leigh A Willis, Rachel Kachur, Ted J Castellanos, Kristen Nichols, Maria C B Mendoza, Zaneta J Gaul, Pilgrim Spikes, Ashley C Gamayo, Marcus D Durham, Lisa LaPlace, Julie Straw, Colleen Staatz, Hadiza Buge, Matthew Hogben, Susan Robinson, John Brooks, Madeline Y Sutton
In the United States, young people (ages 15-24 years) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), due at least in part to inadequate or incorrect HIV/STD-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions (KABI). Comic book narratives are a proven method of HIV/STD prevention communication to strengthen KABI for HIV/STD prevention. Motion comics, a new type of comic media, are an engaging and low-cost means of narrative storytelling...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
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