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Anna Pavlova, Jerry M Parks, James C Gumbart
Corrinoid cofactors such as cobalamin are used by many enzymes and are essential for most living organisms. Therefore, there is broad interest in investigating cobalamin-protein interactions with molecular dynamics simulations. Previously developed parameters for cobalamins are based mainly on crystal structure data. Here, we report CHARMM-compatible force field parameters for several corrinoids developed from quantum mechanical calculations. We provide parameters for corrinoids in three oxidation states, Co3+, Co2+ and Co1+, and with various axial ligands...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Haroon Ahmed, Sérgio Ramalho Sousa, Sami Simsek, Sofia Anastácio, Seyma Gunyakti Kilinc
Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Valérie Benhammou, Roland Tubiana, Sophie Matheron, Pierre Sellier, Laurent Mandelbrot, Jérôme LE Chenadec, Emmanuelle Marel, Babak Khoshnood, Josiane Warszawski
BACKGROUND: Chronic HBV or HCV infection is frequent in HIV- infected persons but their impact on pregnant HIV-infected women is understudied. We explored whether these coinfections are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and lower response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Pregnancies in HIV-1-infected women included in the ANRS French Perinatal Cohort between 2005 and 2013 were analyzed if HBV and HCV infection statuses were available. RESULTS: Among 4236 women, the prevalence of HBV (HBs Ag+) and HCV (RNA+) were 6...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
David A Boyd, Patchara Nithirojpakdee, Gridsada Deein, Chavalit Vidthayanon, Chaiwut Grudpan, Weerapongse Tangjitjaroen, John M Pfeiffer, Zachary S Randall, Tippamas Srisombat, Lawrence M Page
Acantopsis (Cobitidae) is revised based on analysis of morphological and molecular data. Four of the six available names, A. dialuzona, A. spectabilis, A. octoactinotos, and A. thiemmedhi, are valid, and three new species, A. rungthipae, A. dinema, and A. ioa, are described. All species are described morphologically, distributions are mapped, and relationships are discussed for those for which molecular data (CO1, RAG1) are available. Labial barbels, color pattern, and meristic counts are the most diagnostic features...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Kareen E Schnabel, Ingo Burghardt, Shane T Ahyong
Squat lobsters have only recently been recorded from the Macquarie Ridge, which extends south between New Zealand and Antarctica. Among these, Uroptychus insignis (Henderson, 1885) was recorded for the first time outside the western Indian Ocean, exhibiting only subtle morphological differences. Reexamination of the Macquarie Ridge and Indian Ocean specimens attributed to U. insignis using morphological and molecular data revealed the Macquarie Ridge form to represent a separate species. Subtle but consistent morphological differences are evident and partial CO1 sequence data indicates that the specimens collected on Macquarie Ridge differ from those collected in the Indian Ocean by more than 7%...
November 23, 2017: Zootaxa
Andre Wagner, Laurent Vuataz, Michel Sartori
A new species belonging to the speciose genus Electrogena Zurwerra & Tomka, 1985 is described based on all stages from material collected in Switzerland, northern Italy and Slovenia. Electrogena brulini Wagner sp. nov. is closely related to E. gridellii (Grandi, 1953). A genetic analysis based on the mitochondrial gene CO1, including 9 specimens from 5 populations, reveals a K2P distance of 22% between both species. Our investigations demonstrate that the description of the nymph of E. gridellii sensu Belfiore (1996) refers in fact to both species...
December 5, 2017: Zootaxa
Alberto Cruz-Bermúdez, Ramiro J Vicente-Blanco, Raquel Laza-Briviesca, Aránzazu García-Grande, Sara Laine-Menéndez, Lourdes Gutiérrez, Virginia Calvo, Atocha Romero, Paloma Martín-Acosta, José Miguel García, Mariano Provencio
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with one-third diagnosed with locally advanced (stage III) disease. Preoperative induction chemo-radiotherapy is key for the treatment of these patients, however conventional cisplatin based approaches has apparently reached a plateau of effectiveness. In the search for new therapies, the targeting of tumor metabolism is revealed as an interesting option to improve the patient's responses. Here we describe the importance of PGC-1alpha and GAPDH/MT-CO1 ratio levels as surrogates of the Warburg effect from a series of 28 stage III NSCLC patients, on PFS, OS and PET uptake...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xiaona Wang, Li Wang, Dianzhong Zheng, Su Chen, Wen Shi, Xinyuan Qiao, Yanping Jiang, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu, Yijing Li
AIMS: The aims of this study were to develop an effective M cell-targeting oral vaccine, involving Lactobacillus casei to deliver the PEDV core neutralizing epitope (COE) antigen conjugated with M cell-targeting peptide Co1 as an adjuvant, against PEDV infection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Genetically engineered Lactobacillus casei 393 (L393) strains expressing PEDV core neutralizing epitope (COE) antigen only (pPG-COE/L393) or fused-expressing COE and M cell-targeting peptide Co1 (pPG-COE-Co1/L393) were constructed and the immunogenicity upon administration as an oral vaccine was evaluated...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Sook-Cheng Pang, Chiara Andolina, Benoit Malleret, Peter R Christensen, Sai-Gek Lam-Phua, Muhammad Aliff Bin Abdul Razak, Chee-Seng Chong, Daiqin Li, Cindy S Chu, Bruce Russell, Laurent Rénia, Lee-Ching Ng, Francois Nosten
BACKGROUND: Singapore has been certified malaria-free by the World Health Organization since November 1982. However, sporadic autochthonous malaria outbreaks do occur. In one of the most recent outbreaks of vivax malaria, an entomological investigation identified Anopheles sinensis as the most probable vector. As metaphase karyotype studies divided An. sinensis into two forms, A and B, with different vector competence: the investigation of vector competence of An. sinensis found in Singapore was thus pursued using Plasmodium vivax field isolates from the Thailand-Myanmar border...
November 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
Tanner Matson, David L Wagner
A new species of Lactura is described from Texas: Lactura rubritegulasp. n. Identity of the new species can be reliably determined by both larval and adult characters, CO1 haplotypes, and its late-spring period of flight activity. Male genitalic features overlap with those of L. basistriga (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913), whereas female structures differ markedly between the pair. The new Sideroxylon-feeding species, rare in collections, is found principally in limestone areas in the vicinity San Antonio, Texas, westward through the southern Hill Country...
2017: ZooKeys
Vahid H Gazestani, Marshall Hampton, Aubie K Shaw, Reza Salavati, Sara L Zimmer
The intricate life cycle of Trypanosoma brucei requires extensive regulation of gene expression levels of the mtRNAs for adaptation. Post-transcriptional gene regulatory programs, including unencoded mtRNA 3' tail additions, potentially play major roles in this adaptation process. Intriguingly, T. brucei mitochondrial transcripts possess two distinct unencoded 3' tails, each with a differing functional role; i.e., while one type is implicated in RNA stability (in-tails), the other type appears associated with translation (ex-tails)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
Pavel B Klimov, Barry M OConnor, Philipp E Chetverikov, Samuel J Bolton, Amir R Pepato, Abdolazim L Mortazavi, Andrey V Tolstikov, Gary R Bauchan, Ronald Ochoa
Eriophyoid, or four-legged mites, represent a large and ancient radiation of exclusively phytophagous organisms known from the Triassic (230 Mya). Hypothesizing phylogenetic relatedness of Eriophyoidea among mites is a major challenge due to the absence of unambiguous morphological synapomorphies, resulting in ten published hypotheses placing eriophyoids in various places in the acariform tree of life. Here we test the evolutionary relationships of eriophyoids using six genes and a representative taxonomic sampling of acariform mites...
October 23, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Faming Wang, Dandan Lai, Wen Shi, Ming Fu
Currently, no published standard and research work have addressed the basic requirements on knitted fabric 'skin' on sweating manikins. In this study, we performed 252 experiments to investigate the influence of fabric thickness and material on the apparent 'wet' conductive (or effective) thermal resistance of the fabric 'skin' using a 'Newton' manikin. Four types of cotton fabric 'skin' (fabric thickness: 0.38, 0.54, 0.92 and 1.43mm) and three types of polyester fabric 'skin' (fabric thickness: 0.41, 0.54 and 1...
December 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
Eglė Jakubavičiūtė, Ulf Bergström, Johan S Eklöf, Quiterie Haenel, Sarah J Bourlat
The three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L., hereafter 'stickleback') is a common mesopredatory fish in marine, coastal and freshwater areas. In large parts of the Baltic Sea, stickleback densities have increased >10-fold during the last decades, and it is now one of the dominating fish species both in terms of biomass and effects on lower trophic levels. Still, relatively little is known about its diet-knowledge which is essential to understand the increasing role sticklebacks play in the ecosystem...
2017: PloS One
Rebecca Mueller, Jeffrey T Wright, Christopher J S Bolch
The palaeoceanography of southern Australia has been characterized by fluctuating sea levels during glacial periods, changing temperature regimes and modified boundary currents. Previous studies on genetic structuring of species in southeastern Australia have focused mainly on the differentiation of eastern and western populations while the potential role of Bass Strait as a region of overlap for three biogeographic provinces (Peronia, Maugea, and Flindersia) has been largely ignored. This study aimed to explore the likely roles of historic and contemporary factors in determining divergence patterns in the habitat-forming intertidal seaweed Hormosira banksii in southeastern Australia with a special focus on postglacial dispersal into Bass Strait...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Phycology
Luke R Tembrock, Roxanne E Farris, Lisa Ledezma, Norman B Barr, Todd M Gilligan
The silver Y moth, Autographa gamma L. (Noctuidae: Plusiinae), is a pest of major economic importance in its native range of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Although not present in North America, larvae of A. gamma are commonly intercepted in commodity shipments at U.S. ports, and adult surveys are conducted each year in more than 20 states. Because of the similarity of A. gamma to several native North American species that are attracted to the same pheromone lure, morphological identification of adults is difficult and requires dissection...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Gui-Zhi Zhang, Shang-Hui Jin, Pan Li, Xiao-Yi Jiang, Yan-Jie Li, Bing-Kai Hou
Ectopic expression of auxin glycosyltransferase UGT84A2 in Arabidopsis can delay flowering through increased indole-3-butyric acid and suppressed transcription of ARF6, ARF8 and flowering-related genes FT, SOC1, AP1 and LFY. Auxins are critical regulators for plant growth and developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is thus an important issue for plant biology. Here, we identified an indole-3-butyric acid (IBA)-specific glycosyltransferase, UGT84A2, and characterized its role in Arabidopsis flowering development...
December 2017: Plant Cell Reports
Soheila Rouhani, Saber Raeghi, Adel Spotin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fascioliasis is economically important to the livestock industry that caused with Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. The objective of this study was to identify these two species F. hepatica and F. gigantica by using nuclear and mitochondrial markers (ITS1, ND1 and CO1) and have been employed to analyze intraspecific phylogenetic relations of Fasciola spp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Approximately 150 Fasciola specimens were collected, then stained with haematoxylin-carmine dye and observed under an optical microscope to examine for the existence of sperm...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Nurul-Ain Ismail, Nurul Adilah-Amrannudin, Mayamin Hamsidi, Rodziah Ismail, Nazri Che Dom, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Mohd Fahmi Mastuki, Siti Nazrina Camalxaman
The global expansion of Ae. albopictus from its native range in Southeast Asia has been implicated in the recent emergence of dengue endemicity in Malaysia. Genetic variability studies of Ae. albopictus are currently lacking in the Malaysian setting, yet are crucial to enhancing the existing vector control strategies. The study was conducted to establish the genetic variability of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA encoding for cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene in Ae. albopictus. Twelve localities were selected in the Subang Jaya district based on temporal indices utilizing 120 mosquito samples...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
N A Costa, R O Simões, R V Vilela, J G R Souza, S T Cardoso, N O Leiner, R Gentile, A Maldonado
Pterygodermatites (Paucipectines) zygodontomis, a nematode parasite of the small intestine of the rodent Necromys lasiurus, from Uberlândia, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, was analysed by light and scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, phylogenies were inferred from the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome c oxidase I gene (MT-CO1). Details of the helminth surface, such as the oral aperture, cephalic papillae, papillae in the posterior region of the body and longitudinal cuticular elements represented by spine-like projections and fans are presented, adding new taxonomic details...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
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