keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Constipation in elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#1
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059942/efficacy-of-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-dyssynergic-defecation-in-community-dwelling-elderly-women
#2
Miguel A Simón, Ana M Bueno
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of biofeedback therapy in the treatment of dyssynergic defecation in chronically constipated community-dwelling elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After an initial assessment phase carried out during 1 month, 20 chronically constipated women with dyssynergic defecation were randomly assigned to either electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BF) group (n=10) or control group (n=10). Outcome measures used to evaluate the efficacy of treatment were weekly stool frequency, sensation of incomplete evacuation, difficulty evacuation level, mean EMG-activity (μV) of the external anal sphincter during straining to defecate and Anismus index...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011998/can-balneotherapy-improve-the-bowel-motility-in-chronically-constipated-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients
#3
Taner Dandinoglu, Ozgur Dandin, Tuncer Ergin, Deniz Tihan, Yasam Kemal Akpak, Oguz Ugur Aydın, Uygar Teomete
Balneotherapy or spa therapy is usually known for different application forms of medicinal waters and its effects on the human body. Our purpose is to demonstrate the effect of balneotherapy on gastrointestinal motility. A total of 35 patients who were treated for osteoarthritis with balneotherapy from November 2013 through March 2015 at our hospital had a consultation at the general surgery for constipation and defecation disorders. Patients followed by constipation scores, short-form health survey (SF-12), and a colonic transit time (CTT) study before and after balneotherapy were included in this study, and the data of the patients were analyzed retrospectively...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001447/mirabegron-for-the-treatment-of-overactive-bladder-a-review-of-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-with-a-focus-on-male-elderly-and-antimuscarinic-poor-responder-populations-and-patients-with-oab-in-asia
#4
Christopher R Chapple, Emad Siddiqui
Mirabegron is established as an alternative monotherapy to antimuscarinics for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Initial studies focused on Western populations, but over the past few years other populations and subpopulations have been evaluated. Areas covered: The authors' knowledge of the literature was used to develop the manuscript alongside a PubMed search ('mirabegron and clinical trial' and 'overactive bladder') to select independent studies of mirabegron. Up-to-date information is provided about the most recent mirabegron clinical trial and real-world efficacy, safety and tolerability data in a variety of patient populations with OAB, including those from different geographic areas, men, the elderly, and those with poor tolerability to antimuscarinics...
December 21, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938362/impact-of-ao-dake-humi-japanese-traditional-bamboo-foot-stimulator-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-constipation-and-hypersensitivity-to-cold-a-single-arm-prospective-pilot-study
#5
Tomonori Minagawa, Tetsuichi Saitou, Toshiro Suzuki, Takahisa Domen, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Masakuni Ishikawa, Shiro Hirakata, Takashi Nagai, Masaki Nakazawa, Teruyuki Ogawa, Osamu Ishizuka
BACKGROUND: Ao-dake-humi is a traditional Japanese bamboo foot stimulator consisting of a half-pipe-shaped step made of bamboo used to stimulate the foot by stepping on it, and is commonly used to promote general health among the elderly in Japan. However, its efficacy has not been reported in the scientific literature. This study was performed to investigate the role of ao-dake-humi focusing on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), constipation, and hypersensitivity to cold (HC). METHODS: Participants with LUTS, constipation, or HC were enrolled in this study...
December 9, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#6
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922514/factors-associated-with-intestinal-constipation-in-chronic-patients-with-stroke-sequelae-undergoing-rehabilitation
#7
Tânia Mara Nascimento de Miranda Engler, Márcia Helena de Assis Aguiar, Íris Aline Brito Furtado, Samile Pereira Ribeiro, Pérola de Oliveira, Paulo Andrade Mello, Marcele Pescuma Capeletti Padula, Paulo Sérgio Siebra Beraldo
The objective of this study was to define which stroke-related factors constitute independent variables in the incidence of intestinal constipation (IC) of chronic patients admitted to a hospital rehabilitation program. All patients consecutively admitted for rehabilitation were recruited for the study. In the Poisson multiple regression analysis using a hierarchical model, sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, medication, previous history of constipation, life habits, and stroke-related variables were considered for defining factors associated with IC...
November 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890870/improving-the-quality-of-postgraduate-education-in-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-for-junior-residents-an-exploratory-survey-conducted-in-five-institutions-in-the-tohoku-area
#8
Shin Takayama, Seiichi Kobayashi, Soichiro Kaneko, Masao Tabata, Shinya Sato, Keiichi Ishikawa, Saya Suzuki, Ryutaro Arita, Natsumi Saito, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Yuka Ikeno, Junichi Tanaka, Minoru Ohsawa, Akiko Kikuchi, Takehiro Numata, Hitoshi Kuroda, Michiaki Abe, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Yaegashi, Tadashi Ishii
Traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine has been widely applied in general medicine in Japan. In 2001, the model core curriculum for Japanese medical education was revised to include Kampo medicine. Since 2007, all 80 Japanese medical schools have incorporated it within their programs. However, postgraduate training or instruction of Kampo medicine has not been recognized as a goal for the clinical training of junior residents by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; little is known about postgraduate Kampo medicine education...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837461/ventral-mesh-rectopexy-versus-conventional-suture-technique-a-single-institutional-experience
#9
Gaetano Luglio, Rachele Tarquini, Mariano Cesare Giglio, Viviana Sollazzo, Roberto Peltrini, Michele Sacco, Giovanni Spiezio, Bruno Amato, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Luigi Bucci
AIMS: Anterior mesh rectopexy is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of complete rectal prolapse, a common disorder in female elderly patients. Aim of the study was to evaluate functional outcomes after ventral mesh rectopexy and conventional suture rectopexy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients have been enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided into two groups: 20 patients (group A) had a conventional suture rectopexy with a standard technique and 20 patients (group B) underwent an anterior mesh rectopexy...
November 11, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830103/a-case-of-stercoral-perforation-detected-on-ct-requiring-proctocolectomy-in-a-heroin-dependent-patient
#10
William H Seligman, Fahreyar Alam, Andy Planner, Roderick J Alexander
Stercoral perforation of the colon is rare but carries with it significant morbidity and mortality. Stercoral perforation usually occurs in elderly, immobile patients with chronic constipation. In this manuscript, we report the case of stercoral perforation in a patient due to chronic heroin dependence. We report the case of a 56-year-old male patient with stercoral perforation, diagnosed by computed tomography, secondary to heroin dependence, requiring proctocolectomy and an end ileostomy. There are very few reports in the literature describing cases of stercoral perforation and questions have been asked about the importance of preoperative cross-sectional imaging...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818596/epidemiological-study-correlation-between-diet-habits-and-constipation-among-elderly-in-beijing-region
#11
Xiao-Jiao Yang, Mei Zhang, Hong-Ming Zhu, Zhe Tang, Dan-Dan Zhao, Bang-Yi Li, Amanda Gabriel
AIM: To investigate correlations between diet and prevalence of constipation among elderly people in Beijing. METHODS: A total of 2776 (≥ 60 years) were selected in Beijing region for investigation. Data regarding constipation and diet habits was collected via hierarchical status, segmentation and random cluster sampling. Investigation included constipation-related demographic indicators and diet habits. Door-to-door questionnaires and surveys included daily staple food intakes, frequency of fish, egg, fruits and vegetables consumption...
October 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747833/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-elderly-haemodialysis-patients-using-the-stopp-criteria
#12
Krystina Parker, Willy Aasebø, Knut Stavem
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is commonly applied to elderly haemodialysis patients for treating terminal renal failure and multiple co-morbidities. Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in multidrug regimens in geriatric populations can be identified using specially designed screening tools. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of PIMs by applying the Screening Tool of Older Persons' Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria and the Beers criteria to elderly haemodialysis patients and to assess the association of some risk factors with the presence of PIMs...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672315/atypical-antipsychotics-as-add-on-treatment-in-late-life-depression
#13
Sibel Cakir, Zeynep Senkal
BACKGROUND: Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) have been used in the augmentation of treatment-resistant depression. However, little is known about their effectiveness, tolerability, and adverse events in the treatment of late-life depression, which were the aim of this study. METHODS: The retrospective data of patients aged >65 years who had a major depressive episode with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment and had adjuvant SGA treatment were analyzed...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579830/estimated-budget-impact-of-increased-use-of-mirabegron-a-novel-treatment-for-overactive-bladder
#14
Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Noll L Campbell, Timothy M Klein, Anthony Perkins, Linda M Posta, Thomas Yuran, Robert W Klein, Daniel B Ng
BACKGROUND: Oral pharmacological treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) consists of antimuscarinics and the beta-3 adrenergic agonist mirabegron. Antimuscarinic adverse events (AEs) such as dry mouth, constipation, and blurry vision can result in frequent treatment discontinuation rates, leaving part of the OAB population untreated. Antimuscarinics also contribute to a patient's anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB), so the Beers Criteria recommends cautious use of antimuscarinics in elderly patients who take multiple anticholinergic medications or have cognitive impairment...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578938/morgagni-hernia-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Manoj Kumar Pattnaik, Sarada Prasanna Sahoo, Sameer Kumar Panigrahy, Kalyani Bala Nayak
Morgagni hernias (MHs) are rare and constitute about 2% of all diaphragmatic hernias. Although uncommon, it has potential for considerable morbidity if the diagnosis is missed. An elderly woman with known history of chronic asthma and constipation presented to us with vague right-sided chest pain. General physical examination was unremarkable and coincidentally diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus. Chest roentgenogram posteroanterior view revealed a right paracardiac opacity and right lateral view showed the opacity in the peridiaphragmatic area of anterior mediastinum...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574750/estimated-budget-impact-of-increased-use-of-mirabegron-a-novel-treatment-for-overactive-bladder
#16
Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Noll L Campbell, Timothy M Klein, Anthony Perkins, Linda M Posta, Thomas Yuran, Robert W Klein, Daniel B Ng
BACKGROUND: Oral pharmacological treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) consists of antimuscarinics and the beta-3 adrenergic agonist mirabegron. Antimuscarinic adverse events (AEs) such as dry mouth, constipation, and blurry vision can result in frequent treatment discontinuation rates, leaving part of the OAB population untreated. Antimuscarinics also contribute to a patient's anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB), so the Beers Criteria recommends cautious use of antimuscarinics in elderly patients who take multiple anticholinergic medications or have cognitive impairment...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552331/gastrointestinal-dysmotility-in-the-elderly
#17
Neelam G Gidwaney, Manisha Bajpai, Sita S Chokhavatia
The number of persons 60 years and older has increased 3-fold between 1950 and 2000. Aging alone does not greatly impact the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Digestive dysfunction, including esophageal reflux, achalasia, dysphagia, dyspepsia, delayed gastric emptying, constipation, fecal incontinence, and fecal impaction, is a result of the highly prevalent comorbid conditions and the medications with which those conditions are treated. A multidisciplinary approach with the expertise of a geriatrician, gastroenterologist, neurologist, speech pathologist, and physical therapist ensures a comprehensive functional and neurological assessment of the older patient...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549909/drug-dispensings-among-elderly-in-the-year-before-colon-cancer-diagnosis-versus-matched-cancer-free-controls
#18
F N van Erning, M M Zanders, J G Kuiper, M P van Herk-Sukel, H A Maas, R W Vingerhoets, D D Zimmerman, E P de Feyter, M E van de Poll, V E Lemmens
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The concomitant use of multiple drugs is common among the general population of elderly. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of which drugs are dispensed to elderly in the year before colon cancer diagnosis and to compare this with cancer-free controls. METHODS: Data from the Eindhoven Cancer Registry were linked to the PHARMO Database Network. Patients with colon cancer aged ≥70 years were included and matched with controls on gender, year of birth and postal code...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535187/a-case-of-lithium-intoxication-induced-by-an-antihypertensive-angiotensin-1-subtype-specific-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blocker-in-an-elderly-patient-with-bipolar-disorder-and-hypertension
#19
Yuichi Hayashi, Shohei Nishida, Akira Takekoshi, Muneharu Murakami, Megumi Yamada, Akio Kimura, Akio Suzuki, Takashi Inuzuka
Lithium carbonate is considered to be a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder; however, this drug has a narrow therapeutic window, and lithium intoxication is commonly induced by various drugs interaction and situations. We herein report a case of lithium intoxication induced by the administration of an antihypertensive agent targeting the angiotensin 1 (AT1) subtype of the angiotensin II receptor in a 65-year-old woman with a 40-year history of bipolar disorder type 1, and 1-year history of essential hypertension...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515567/treatment-outcome-of-overactive-bladder-patients-receiving-antimuscarinic-therapy-for-more-than-one-year
#20
Sheng-Mou Hsiao, Ho-Hsiung Lin, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Details on the therapeutic effects of long-term antimuscarinic therapy have not been reported. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the detailed long-term therapeutic effect of antimuscarinic therapy. METHODS: All consecutive patients who visited the urologic outpatient clinics of a medical center for treatment of overactive bladder syndrome and received antimuscarinic therapy of 12 months or more were retrospectively reviewed. All medical records, including the Overactive Bladder Symptom score (OABSS), the modified Indevus Urgency Severity Scale and the International Prostate Symptoms score (IPSS) questionnaires, and uroflowmetry parameters were reviewed at each visit...
August 12, 2016: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
keyword
keyword
64120
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"