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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634684/heterogeneity-index-evaluated-by-slope-of-linear-regression-on-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-as-a-prognostic-marker-for-predicting-tumor-recurrence-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#1
Yong-Il Kim, Yong Joong Kim, Jin Chul Paeng, Gi Jeong Cheon, Dong Soo Lee, June-Key Chung, Keon Wook Kang
PURPOSE: (18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) has been investigated as a method to predict pancreatic cancer recurrence after pancreatic surgery. We evaluated the recently introduced heterogeneity indices of (18)F-FDG PET/CT used for predicting pancreatic cancer recurrence after surgery and compared them with current clinicopathologic and (18)F-FDG PET/CT parameters. METHODS: A total of 93 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients (M:F = 60:33, mean age = 64...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634388/mito-xenophagic-killing-of-bacteria-is-coordinated-by-a-metabolic-switch-in-dendritic-cells
#2
Nadine Radomski, Danny Kägebein, Elisabeth Liebler-Tenorio, Axel Karger, Elke Rufer, Birke Andrea Tews, Stefanie Nagel, Rebekka Einenkel, Anne Müller, Annica Rebbig, Michael R Knittler
Chlamydiae are bacterial pathogens that grow in vacuolar inclusions. Dendritic cells (DCs) disintegrate these compartments, thereby eliminating the microbes, through auto/xenophagy, which also promotes chlamydial antigen presentation via MHC I. Here, we show that TNF-α controls this pathway by driving cytosolic phospholipase (cPLA)2-mediated arachidonic acid (AA) production. AA then impairs mitochondrial function, which disturbs the development and integrity of these energy-dependent parasitic inclusions, while a simultaneous metabolic switch towards aerobic glycolysis promotes DC survival...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634232/the-phosphocarrier-protein-hpr-of-the-bacterial-phosphotransferase-system-globally-regulates-energy-metabolism-by-directly-interacting-with-multiple-enzymes-in-escherichia-coli
#3
Irina A Rodionova, Zhongge Zhang, Jitender Mehla, Norman Goodacre, Mohan Babu, Andrew Emili, Peter Uetz, Milton H Saier
The histidine-phosphorylatable phosphocarrier protein HPr, is an essential component of the sugar-transporting phosphotransferase system (PTS) in many bacteria. Recent interactome findings suggested that HPr interacts with several carbohydrate-metabolizing enzymes, but whether HPr plays a regulatory role was unclear. Here, we provide evidence that HPr interacts with a large number of proteins in Escherichia coli. We demonstrate HPr-dependent allosteric regulation of the activities of pyruvate kinase (PykF, but not PykA), phosphofructokinase (PfkB, but not PfkA), glucosamine 6-phosphate deaminase (NagB) and adenylate kinase (Adk)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632902/impaired-hippocampal-glucose-metabolism-during-and-after-flurothyl-induced-seizures-in-mice-reduced-phosphorylation-coincides-with-reduced-activity-of-pyruvate-dehydrogenase
#4
Tanya S McDonald, Karin Borges
OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in glucose metabolism and the enzymes involved in the hippocampus ictally and postictally in the acute mouse flurothyl seizure model. METHODS: [U-(13) C]-Glucose was injected (i.p.) prior to, or following a 5 min flurothyl-induced seizure. Fifteen minutes later, mice were killed and the total metabolite levels and % (13) C enrichment were analyzed in the hippocampal formation using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Activities of key metabolic and antioxidant enzymes and the phosphorylation status of pyruvate dehydrogenase were measured, along with lipid peroxidation...
June 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631845/mild-metabolic-perturbations-alter-succinylation-of-mitochondrial-proteins
#5
Huanlian Chen, Hui Xu, Samuel Potash, Anatoly Starkov, Vsevolod V Belousov, Dmitry S Bilan, Travis T Denton, Gary E Gibson
Succinylation of proteins is widespread, modifies both the charge and size of the molecules, and can alter their function. For example, liver mitochondrial proteins have 1,190 unique succinylation sites representing multiple metabolic pathways. Succinylation is sensitive to both increases and decreases of the NAD(+) -dependent desuccinylase, SIRT5. Although the succinyl group for succinylation is derived from metabolism, the effects of systematic variation of metabolism on mitochondrial succinylation are not known...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630648/comparative-metabolic-profiling-of-the-lipid-producing-green-microalga-chlorella-reveals-that-nitrogen-and-carbon-metabolic-pathways-contribute-to-lipid-metabolism
#6
Hui Chen, Yanli Zheng, Jiao Zhan, Chenliu He, Qiang Wang
Microalgae are a promising feedstock for biofuel production. Microalgal metabolic pathways are heavily influenced by environmental factors. For instance, lipid metabolism can be induced by nitrogen-limiting conditions. However, the underlying mechanisms of lipid biosynthesis are unclear. In this study, we analyzed the global metabolic profiles of three genetically closely related Chlorella strains (C1, C2, and C3) with significant differences in lipid productivity to identify the contributions of key metabolic pathways to lipid metabolism...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630580/the-effect-of-upper-body-anaerobic-pre-loading-on-2000-m-ergometer-rowing-performance-in-college-level-male-rowers
#7
Priit Purge, Peter Hofmann, Rait Merisaar, Alexander Mueller, Gerhard Tschakert, Jarek Mäestu, Jaak Jürimäe
Elevated blood lactate has been shown to influence subsequent anaerobic exercise due to an inhibition of glycolysis. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the influence of a short and high-intensity anaerobic arm crank pre-load exercise (HIE) added to a low-intensity warm-up on cardio-respiratory and metabolic responses on a subsequent all out rowing exercise. Nine well-trained college level male rowers (24.6 ± 7.1 yrs; 1.87 ± 0.07 m; 88.9 ± 9.8 kg; 18.5 ± 3.7% body fat) volunteered to participate in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630416/hif-1-mediated-suppression-of-mitochondria-electron-transport-chain-function-confers-resistance-to-lidocaine-induced-cell-death
#8
Akihisa Okamoto, Chisato Sumi, Hiromasa Tanaka, Munenori Kusunoki, Teppei Iwai, Kenichiro Nishi, Yoshiyuki Matsuo, Hiroshi Harada, Keizo Takenaga, Hidemasa Bono, Kiichi Hirota
The local anesthetic lidocaine induces cell death by altering reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitochondrial electron transport chain function. Because hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is involved in determining oxygen metabolism and mitochondria function, we investigated the involvement of HIF-1 activity in lidocaine-induced cell death. We investigated the role of HIF activation on lidocaine-induced caspase activation and cell death in renal cell-derived RCC4 cells lacking functional von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) protein...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630053/glucose-catabolism-in-liver-tumors-induced-by-c-myc-can-be-sustained-by-various-pkm1-pkm2-ratios-and-pyruvate-kinase-activities
#9
Andrés Méndez-Lucas, Xiaolei Li, Junjie Hu, Li Che, Xinhua Song, Jiaoyuan Jia, Jingxiao Wang, Chencheng Xie, Paul C Driscoll, Darjus F Tschaharganeh, Diego F Calvisi, Mariia Yuneva, Xin Chen
Different pyruvate kinase isoforms are expressed in a tissue-specific manner, with pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) suggested to be the predominant isoform in proliferating cells and cancer cells. Due to differential regulation of enzymatic activities, PKM2 but not PKM1 has been thought to favor cell proliferation. However, the role of PKM2 in tumorigenesis has been recently challenged. Here we report that increased glucose catabolism through glycolysis and increased pyruvate kinase activity in c-MYC-driven liver tumors are associated with increased expression of both PKM1 and PKM2 isoforms and decreased expression of the liver-specific isoform of pyruvate kinase, PKL...
June 19, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627424/channeling-in-native-microbial-pathways-implications-and-challenges-for-metabolic-engineering
#10
REVIEW
Mary H Abernathy, Lian He, Yinjie J Tang
Intracellular enzymes can be organized into a variety of assemblies, shuttling intermediates from one active site to the next. Eukaryotic compartmentalization within mitochondrion and peroxisomes and substrate tunneling within multi-enzyme complexes have been well recognized. Intriguingly, the central pathways in prokaryotes may also form extensive channels, including the heavily branched glycolysis pathway. In vivo channeling through cascade enzymes is difficult to directly measure, but can be inferred from in vitro tests, reaction thermodynamics, transport/reaction modeling, analysis of molecular diffusion and protein interactions, or steady state/dynamic isotopic labeling...
June 13, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627365/mitochondria-metabolic-reprogramming-in-the-formation-of-neurons-from-peripheral-cells-cause-or-consequence-and-the-implications-to-their-utility
#11
REVIEW
Gary E Gibson, Ankita Thakkar
The induction of pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from differentiated cells such as fibroblasts and their subsequent conversion to neural progenitor cells (NPC) and finally to neurons is intriguing scientifically, and its potential to medicine nearly infinite, but unrealized. A better understanding of the changes at each step of the transformation will enable investigators to use them better to model neurological disease. Each step of conversion from a differentiated cell to an iPSC to a NPC to neurons requires large changes in glycolysis including aerobic glycolysis, the pentose shunt, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, the electron transport chain and in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
June 13, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626065/metabolic-reprogramming-commits-differentiation-of-human-cd27-igd-b-cells-to-plasmablasts-or-cd27-igd-cells
#12
Masataka Torigoe, Shigeru Iwata, Shingo Nakayamada, Kei Sakata, Mingzeng Zhang, Maiko Hajime, Yusuke Miyazaki, Manabu Narisawa, Koji Ishii, Hirotaka Shibata, Yoshiya Tanaka
B cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the relevance of the metabolic pathway in the differentiation of human B cell subsets remains unknown. In this article, we show that the combination of CpG/TLR9 and IFN-α markedly induced the differentiation of CD27(+)IgD(+) unswitched memory B cells into CD27(hi)CD38(hi) plasmablasts. The response was accompanied by mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activation and increased lactate production, indicating a shift to glycolysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625541/plant-derived-antifungal-compounds-trigger-a-common-transcriptional-response
#13
Zhe Wang
Understanding the mechanism of action of antifungal drugs is vital for better control of mycosis, which kills >1.3 million lives every year thus remains a major health problem worldwide. In this study, we investigate the activities of three different categories of plant-derived antifungal compounds (resveratrol, honokiol and osthole) via transcriptomics and bioinformatics analysis, with the goal of discovering the common Mode-of-Action (MoA) at molecular level. The result shows that a common transcriptional response (72 gene are up-regulated while 10 genes are down-regulated, commonly) are triggered by above representative antifungal compounds in Schizosaccharomyces pombe (S...
June 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624941/does-static-electric-field-from-ultra-high-voltage-direct-current-transmission-lines-affect-male-reproductive-capacity-evidence-from-a-laboratory-study-on-male-mice
#14
Sixia Wu, Guoqing Di, Zhengguang Li
With the development of ultra-high-voltage direct-current (UHVDC) transmission technology and increase in transmission voltage, the issue of environmental static electric field (SEF) pollution is standing out and its possible health effects have caused much public attention. In this study, the effects of chronic exposure to SEF on reproductive capacity of male mice were investigated. Twenty Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were exposed to SEF (56.3 ± 1.4 kV/m, 49 days) generated by a high-voltage device...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624784/mitochondrial-pyruvate-carrier-function-determines-cell-stemness-and-metabolic-reprogramming-in-cancer-cells
#15
Xiaoli Li, Gaoyang Han, Xiaoran Li, Quancheng Kan, Zhirui Fan, Yaqing Li, Yasai Ji, Jing Zhao, Mingzhi Zhang, Mantas Grigalavicius, Viktor Berge, Mariusz Adam Goscinski, Jahn M Nesland, Zhenhe Suo
One of the remarkable features of cancer cells is aerobic glycolysis, a phenomenon known as the "Warburg Effect", in which cells rely preferentially on glycolysis instead of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) as the main energy source even in the presence of high oxygen tension. Cells with dysfunctional mitochondria are unable to generate sufficient ATP from mitochondrial OXPHOS, and then are forced to rely on glycolysis for ATP generation. Here we report our results in a prostate cancer cell line in which the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier 1 (MPC1) gene was knockout...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624622/preclinical-anti-cancer-activity-and-multiple-mechanisms-of-action-of-a-cationic-silver-complex-bearing-n-heterocyclic-carbene-ligands
#16
Simon J Allison, Maria Sadiq, Efstathia Baronou, Patricia A Cooper, Chris Dunnill, Nikolaos T Georgopoulos, Ayşe Latif, Samantha Shepherd, Steve D Shnyder, Ian J Stratford, Richard Wheelhouse, Charlotte Willans, Roger M Phillips
Organometallic complexes offer the prospect of targeting multiple pathways that are important in cancer biology. Here, the preclinical activity and mechanism(s) of action of a silver-bis(N-heterocyclic carbine) complex (Ag8) were evaluated. Ag8 induced DNA damage via several mechanisms including topoisomerase I/II and thioredoxin reductase inhibition and induction of reactive oxygen species. DNA damage induction was consistent with cytotoxicity observed against proliferating cells and Ag8 induced cell death by apoptosis...
June 14, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624442/loss-of-fructose-1-6-bisphosphatase-induces-glycolysis-and-promotes-apoptosis-resistance-of-cancer-stem-like-cells-an-important-role-in-hexavalent-chromium-induced-carcinogenesis
#17
Jin Dai, Yanli Ji, Wei Wang, Donghern Kim, Leonard Yenwong Fai, Lei Wang, Jia Luo, Zhuo Zhang
Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are confirmed human carcinogens for lung cancer. Our previous studies has demonstrated that chronic exposure of human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells to low dose of Cr(VI) causes malignant cell transformation. The acquisition of cancer stem cell-like properties is involved in the initiation of cancers. The present study has observed that a small population of cancer stem-like cells (BEAS-2B-Cr-CSC) exists in the Cr(VI)-transformed cells (BEAS-2B-Cr). Those BEAS-2B-Cr-CSC exhibit extremely reduced capability of generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis resistance...
June 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623376/eanm-earl-harmonization-strategies-in-pet-quantification-from-daily-practice-to-multicentre-oncological-studies
#18
REVIEW
Nicolas Aide, Charline Lasnon, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Terez Sera, Bernhard Sattler, Ronald Boellaard
Quantitative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) can be used as diagnostic or prognostic tools (i.e. single measurement) or for therapy monitoring (i.e. longitudinal studies) in multicentre studies. Use of quantitative parameters, such as standardized uptake values (SUVs), metabolic active tumor volumes (MATVs) or total lesion glycolysis (TLG), in a multicenter setting requires that these parameters be comparable among patients and sites, regardless of the PET/CT system used. This review describes the motivations and the methodologies for quantitative PET/CT performance harmonization with emphasis on the EANM Research Ltd...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623373/metabolic-and-evolutionary-patterns-in-the-extremely-acidophilic-archaeon-ferroplasma-acidiphilum-y-t
#19
Olga V Golyshina, Hai Tran, Oleg N Reva, Sofia Lemak, Alexander F Yakunin, Alexander Goesmann, Taras Y Nechitaylo, Violetta LaCono, Francesco Smedile, Alexei Slesarev, David Rojo, Coral Barbas, Manuel Ferrer, Michail M Yakimov, Peter N Golyshin
Ferroplasmaceae represent ubiquitous iron-oxidising extreme acidophiles with a number of unique physiological traits. In a genome-based study of Ferroplasma acidiphilum Y(T), the only species of the genus Ferroplasma with a validly published name, we assessed its central metabolism and genome stability during a long-term cultivation experiment. Consistently with physiology, the genome analysis points to F. acidiphilum Y(T) having an obligate peptidolytic oligotrophic lifestyle alongside with anaplerotic carbon assimilation...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623342/hif-1%C3%AE-knockdown-reduces-glycolytic-metabolism-and-induces-cell-death-of-human-synovial-fibroblasts-under-normoxic-conditions
#20
Manuel J Del Rey, Álvaro Valín, Alicia Usategui, Carmen M García-Herrero, María Sánchez-Aragó, José M Cuezva, María Galindo, Beatriz Bravo, Juan D Cañete, Francisco J Blanco, Gabriel Criado, José L Pablos
Increased glycolysis and HIF-1α activity are characteristics of cells under hypoxic or inflammatory conditions. Besides, in normal O2 environments, elevated rates of glycolysis support critical cellular mechanisms such as cell survival. The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of HIF-1α to the energy metabolism and survival of human synovial fibroblasts (SF) under normoxic conditions. HIF-1α was silenced using lentiviral vectors or small-interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes. Expression analysis by qRT-PCR and western blot of known HIF-1α target genes in hypoxia demonstrated the presence of functional HIF-1α in normoxic SF and confirmed the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as a HIF-1α target even in normoxia...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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