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pain catastrophising

Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
V Cabrera-Perona, A P Buunk, M C Terol-Cantero, Y Quiles-Marcos, M Martín-Aragón
INTRODUCTION: In addition to coping strategies, social comparison may play a role in illness adjustment. However, little is known about the role of contrast and identification in social comparison in adaptation to fibromyalgia. AIM: To evaluate through a path analysis in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, the association between identification and contrast in social comparison, catastrophising and specific health outcomes (fibromyalgia illness impact and psychological distress)...
June 2017: Psychology & Health
Liam R Maclachlan, Natalie J Collins, Mark L G Matthews, Paul W Hodges, Bill Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is prevalent in adolescence and adulthood and often persists. In contrast to other persistent musculoskeletal conditions, for which non-physical, psychological features are implicated, PFP remains largely conceptualised in mechanical terms. AIMS: To (1) identify whether the psychological characteristics of individuals with PFP differs from asymptomatic controls and (2) evaluate the correlations between psychological characteristics and PFP severity...
May 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Javier Martinez-Calderon, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Jose Miguel Morales-Ascencio, Alejandro Luque-Suarez
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain is a highly prevalent condition. Psychological factors could play an essential role in the prognosis of chronic shoulder pain (CSP). The aims of the study will be to analyse the level of association between psychological factors and pain-disability at baseline and prospectively to assess their prognostic role; to evaluate the association of pain catastrophising and kinesiophobia at baseline and prospectively in the relationship between pain intensity and disability, or between self-efficacy and disability in patients with CSP; to explore the association of self-efficacy at baseline and prospectively in the relationship between pain intensity and disability, in comparison with kinesiophobia and pain catastrophising...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
Srdjan S Nedeljkovic, Darin J Correll, Xiaodong Bao, Natacha Zamor, Jose L Zeballos, Yi Zhang, Mark J Young, Johanna Ledley, Jessica Sorace, Kristen Eng, Carlyle P Hamsher, Rajivan Maniam, Jonathan W Chin, Becky Tsui, Sunyoung Cho, Doo H Lee
INTRODUCTION: In spite of advances in understanding and technology, postoperative pain remains poorly treated for a significant number of patients. In colorectal surgery, the need for developing novel analgesics is especially important. Patients after bowel surgery are assessed for rapid return of bowel function and opioids worsen ileus, nausea and constipation. We describe a prospective, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomised controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a novel analgesic drug, VVZ -149, is safe and effective in improving pain compared with providing opioid analgesia alone among adults undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Nieke Elbers, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that in people injured in a road traffic crash, persistent symptoms are common and can lead to significant ongoing personal impact. Hence, elucidating factors associated with the human costs are key to reducing the socio-economic burden of road traffic injuries. Therefore, in this study we aimed to track the experience and key outcomes of persons who had sustained mild/moderate injuries as they returned to health (and work, where relevant) following a road traffic crash...
February 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Somayyeh Mohammadi, Mohsen Dehghani, Robbert Sanderman, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mediating role of pain behaviours in the association between pain catastrophising and pain intensity and explored the moderating role of family caregivers' responses to pain in the link between pain behaviours and pain intensity. METHODS: The sample consisted of 154 chronic pain patients and their family caregivers. Patients completed questionnaires regarding pain intensity, pain catastrophising, pain behaviours and their caregivers' responses to their pain...
January 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
Matthew K Bagg, Markus Hübscher, Martin Rabey, Benedict M Wand, Edel O'Hagan, G Lorimer Moseley, Tasha R Stanton, Chris G Maher, Stephen Goodall, Sopany Saing, Neil E O'Connell, Hannu Luomajoki, James H McAuley
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain is the leading worldwide cause of disability, and results in significant personal hardship. Most available treatments, when tested in high-quality randomised, controlled trials, achieve only modest improvements in pain, at best. Recently, treatments that target central nervous system function have been developed and tested in small studies. Combining treatments that target central nervous system function with traditional treatments directed towards functioning of the back is a promising approach that has yet to be tested in adequately powered, prospectively registered, clinical trials...
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
David N Bernstein, Ankit Sood, Jos J Mellema, Yue Li, David Ring
PURPOSE: There is evidence that surgeons make different recommendations for people seeking their care than they make for themselves. There may also be differences in pain episodes and management strategies between surgeons and people seeking care, knowledge of which might improve care. We aimed to assess whether the prevalence of non-traumatic pains, treatments and other factors differed between patients and surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty surgeons, members of the Science of Variation Group (SOVG), and 248 patients seeking care at the Hand Service at a large academic hospital completed a survey regarding the lifetime incidence of non-traumatic pains lasting > one month using short versions of the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-4); Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2); and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI-5)...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
Adrian Mallows, James Debenham, Tom Walker, Chris Littlewood
OBJECTIVE: Fear, anxiety, depression, distress and catastrophisation are all factors known to affect pain and disability levels. To date, the association of such psychological factors has yet to be established in tendinopathy. Therefore, the purpose of this paper was to determine if psychological variables are associated with tendinopathy and whether any such variables may be associated with pain and disability outcomes in conservative management of tendinopathy. DESIGN: A systematic review was undertaken and included studies were appraised for risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
November 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ivan A Steenstra, Claire Munhall, Emma Irvin, Nelson Oranye, Steven Passmore, Dwayne Van Eerd, Quenby Mahood, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson
Purpose We systematically reviewed the evidence on factors that predict duration of sick leave in workers after 6 weeks low back pain (LBP) related sick leave. We hypothesized that different factors affect the duration of the leave depending on the time away from work. Methods The review occurred in seven phases: (1) developing the central question, (2) conducting the literature search, (3) identifying relevant publications, (4) quality appraisal, (5) data extraction, (6) evidence synthesis, and (7) knowledge translation...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Gemma Mansell, Jonathan C Hill, Chris Main, Kevin E Vowles, Daniëlle van der Windt
Interventions developed to improve disability outcomes for low back pain (LBP) often show only small effects. Mediation analysis was used to investigate what led to the effectiveness of the STarT Back trial, a large primary care-based trial that treated patients consulting with LBP according to their risk of a poor outcome. The high-risk subgroup, randomized to receive either psychologically-informed physiotherapy (n = 93) or current best care (n = 45), was investigated to explore pain-related distress and pain intensity as potential mediators of the relationship between treatment allocation and change in disability...
November 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Yazhuo Kong, Helen Okoruwa, Jon Revis, George Tackley, Maria Isabel Leite, Michael Lee, Irene Tracey, Jacqueline Palace
Pain in transverse myelitis has been poorly studied. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between transverse myelitis related pain and disability, quality of life, anxiety and depression, cognitive-affective states in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients and aquaporin4 antibody status (AQP4-Ab +ve as positive and AQP4-Ab -ve as negative). Transverse myelitis patients (44 in total; 29 AQP4-Ab +ve and 15 AQP4-Ab -ve) completed questionnaires including Pain Severity Index (PSI), Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Short Form-36 quality of life (SF-36 QOL)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Daniel S J Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pain
Iris Lee, Sheila N Garland, Angela DeMichele, John T Farrar, Eun-Ok Im, Jun J Mao
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-related joint pain affects almost half of all women with breast cancer using aromatase inhibitors and is a major reason for terminating treatment. Although acupuncture is becoming an increasingly popular, evidence-based option for treating pain, little is known about the potential influence of psychological factors on acupuncture use. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the association between pain catastrophising and use of acupuncture in breast cancer survivors experiencing arthralgia...
March 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Sophie Kobuch, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Rachael Brown, Vaughan G Macefield
We have recently shown that intramuscular infusion of hypertonic saline, causing pain lasting ~60min, increases muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in one group of subjects, yet decreases it in another. Across subjects these divergent sympathetic responses to long-lasting muscle pain are consistent over time and cannot be foreseen on the basis of baseline MSNA, blood pressure, heart rate or sex. We predicted that differences in anxiety or attitudes to pain may account for these differences. Psychometric measures were assessed prior to the induction of pain using the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ), Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS) and Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS); PCS was also administered after the experiment...
April 19, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
V Brailo, M Firić, V Vučićević Boras, A Andabak Rogulj, I Krstevski, I Alajbeg
OBJECTIVES: In spite of extensive research, no effective treatment of primary burning mouth syndrome (BMS) still exists. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of informative intervention/reassurance on pain perception and quality of life in patients with primary BMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Informative intervention/reassurance was undertaken in 28 patients diagnosed with primary BMS. Patients received information about all aspects of BMS verbally and in an informative leaflet...
September 2016: Oral Diseases
Amanda M Hall, Steven J Kamper, Richard Emsley, Christopher G Maher
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence to support the effectiveness of tai chi for reducing pain-related symptoms across multiple musculoskeletal conditions, however, the mechanism(s) are unclear. This study explores the role of pain-catastrophising as a possible mediator in the relationship between practising tai chi and back pain symptoms. DESIGN: Exploratory mediation analyses using a Baron and Kenny approach and bootstrapping methods were employed as a secondary analysis of data from a previously published randomised controlled trial...
April 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
F H Mohd Din, Sanjay Rampal, M A Muslan, Victor C W Hoe
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophising is defined as exaggerated negative thoughts, which can occur during an actual or anticipated painful experience, such as musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) or disorders (MSD). The aims of this study are to examine the association between pain catastrophising and MSI and MSD in Malaysian Army male recruits, and evaluate the effects of past injury. METHODS: A cohort of 611 male Malaysian Army recruits were recruited and followed up at 3 and 6 months...
July 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ashley Pedler, Steven J Kamper, Michele Sterling
The fear avoidance model (FAM) has been proposed to explain the development of chronic disability in a variety of conditions including whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). The FAM does not account for symptoms of posttraumatic stress and sensory hypersensitivity, which are associated with poor recovery from whiplash injury. The aim of this study was to explore a model for the maintenance of pain and related disability in people with WAD including symptoms of PTSD, sensory hypersensitivity, and FAM components...
August 2016: Pain
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