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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678501/anatomic-factors-affecting-the-use-of-ultrasound-to-predict-vocal-fold-motion-a-pilot-study
#1
Maheer M Masood, Benjamin Huang, Allie Goins, Trevor G Hackman
PURPOSE: Ultrasonography is a well-established modality for visualization of head and neck anatomy. Using ultrasound to detect vocal fold mobility has been described before, but no study has evaluated factors affecting the exam reliability. The aim of the study is to determine anatomic factors influencing the reliability of ultrasound to detect vocal fold motion. Methods and materials Patients underwent ultrasound evaluation and flexible laryngoscopy to assess vocal fold motion from August 2015 to March 2016...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675597/upregulated-epithelial-junction-expression-represents-a-novel-parameter-of-the-epithelial-radiation-response-to-fractionated-irradiation-in-oral-mucosa
#2
Sylvia Gruber, Nilsu Cini, Lisa-Marie Kowald, Julia Mayer, Andreas Rohorzka, Peter Kuess, Wolfgang Dörr
PURPOSE: During head and neck cancer treatment, the radiation response of the oral mucosa represents a frequent early side effect. Besides radiation-induced inhibition of proliferation, various other cellular responses occur. The radiation response of adherens and tight junction proteins was so far mostly investigated with large single-dose irradiation protocols, in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, the current study was initiated to investigate the impact of daily fractionated irradiation on the expression of adherens and tight junction proteins in vivo...
April 19, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674761/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-survival-of-pancreatic-cancer-patients-in-japan
#3
Tomohiro Okura, Masakuni Fujii, Junji Shiode, Yuri Ito, Toru Kojima, Junichiro Nasu, Takefumi Niguma, Masao Yoshioka, Tetsushige Mimura, Kazuhide Yamamoto
The impact of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative survival in Japanese patients with pancreatic cancer is unclear. We examined the relationship between preoperative BMI and the prognosis of Japanese patients who underwent surgery for pancreatic cancer to determine whether BMI affects these patients' prognosis. Of the patients who underwent pancreatectomy between January 2004 and August 2015 at our institution, 246 were pathologically diagnosed with pancreatic tubular adenocarcinoma; the cancer was located in the pancreatic head (n=161) and in the body and tail (n=85)...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673595/lipidomic-study-reveals-the-effect-of-morphological-variation-and-other-metabolite-interactions-on-the-lipid-composition-in-various-cultivars-of-non-heading-chinese-cabbage-nhcc
#5
Waleed Amjad Khan, Xilin Hou, Ke Han, Nadeem Khan, Huijie Dong, Muhammad Saqib, Zhishuo Zhang, Emal Naseri, Chun-Mei Hu
Non-heading chinese cabbage (NHCC) (Brassica rapa ssp. chinenisis) is an important Brassica vegetable which is also known for its wide range of cultivars that differ in their appearance, leaf color, size and shape. For the purpose to investigate the effect of these phenotypic differences on their lipid composition, seven morphotypes of NHCC (Suzhouqing, Aijaohuang, Wutacai, Yellowrose, Ziluolan, Xiangqingcai and Zicaitai) were selected for this study. For this reason, extensive metabolic approach was adopted which was mainly focused on lipidomics...
April 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673377/total-hip-arthroplasty-to-treat-acetabular-protrusions-secondary-to-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Ping Zhen, Xusheng Li, Shenghu Zhou, Hao Lu, Hui Chen, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: The treatment of acetabular protrusions during total hip arthroplasty of patients with rheumatoid arthritis is difficult. A lack of bone stock, deficient medial cup support, and medialization of the joint center in those with protrusio acetabuli must be addressed during acetabular reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to assess the short-term clinical results of total hip arthroplasty in patients with severe acetabular protrusions secondary to rheumatoid arthritis...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672904/growth-hormone-gh-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf-1-axis-hyperactivity-on-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-mccune-albright-syndrome
#7
Daniele Tessaris, Alison M Boyce, Margaret Zacharin, Patrizia Matarazzo, Roberto Lala, Luisa de Sanctis, Michael T Collins
CONTEXT: In fibrous dysplasia (BFD) normal bone and bone marrow are replaced by fibro-osseous tissue, leading to fracture, deformity and pain. BFD may be isolated, or in association with cutaneous hyperpigmentation and/or hyperfunctioning endocrinopathies, termed McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). GH hypersecretion has been described in 10-20% of MAS-BFD patients. Aim of the study is to determine the impact of GH-insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1) axis hyperactivity on MAS-BFD morbidities and the efficacy of GH excess therapy...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670666/passive-cushiony-biomechanics-of-head-protection-in-falling-geckos
#8
Hao Wang, Wenbo Wang, Yi Song, Lei Cai, Zhendong Dai
Gekko geckos are capable to crawl on the steep even on upside-down surfaces. Such movement, especially at great altitude, puts them at high risks of incidentally dropping down and inevitable body or head impactions, though they may trigger air-righting reaction (ARR) to attenuate the landing shocks. However, the air-righting ability (ARA) in Gekko geckos is not fully developed. The implementation of ARR in some geckos is quite slow; and for those without tails, the ARR is even unobservable. Since ARA is compromised in Gekko geckos , there must be some other mechanisms responsible for protecting them from head injuries during falls...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669529/improving-quality-of-life-through-the-routine-use-of-the-patient-concerns-inventory-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-cluster-preference-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Simon N Rogers, Derek Lowe, Cher Lowies, Seow Tien Yeo, Christine Allmark, Dominic Mcavery, Gerald M Humphris, Robert Flavel, Cherith Semple, Steven J Thomas, Anastasios Kanatas
BACKGROUND: The consequences of treatment for Head and Neck cancer (HNC) patients has profound detrimental impacts such as impaired QOL, emotional distress, delayed recovery and frequent use of healthcare. The aim of this trial is to determine if the routine use of the Patients Concerns Inventory (PCI) package in review clinics during the first year following treatment can improve overall quality of life, reduce the social-emotional impact of cancer and reduce levels of distress. Furthermore, we aim to describe the economic costs and benefits of using the PCI...
April 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668302/clinical-factors-impacting-on-late-dysphagia-following-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
Sarah Deschuymer, Daan Nevens, Fréderic Duprez, Annouschka Laenen, Eddy Dejaeger, Wilfried De Neve, Ann Goeleven, Sandra Nuyts
OBJECTIVE: Patient and treatment characteristics of patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC) were correlated with dysphagia scored on swallowing-videofluoroscopy (VFS) and with patient and physician scored dysphagia. METHODS: Sixty-three HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) were evaluated at baseline, 6 and 12 months post-RT. VFS was scored with Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Swallowing Performance Scale (SPS). Physician and patient scored dysphagia were prospectively recorded according to CTCAE scoring system, RTOG/EORTC scoring system and EORTC-QLQ H&N35 questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665836/household-water-treatment-and-the-nutritional-status-of-primary-aged-children-in-india-findings-from-the-india-human-development-survey
#11
Wei Li, Echu Liu, Rhonda BeLue
BACKGROUND: Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of research regarding the impact of household water treatment (HWT) on children's nutritional status using data from large-scale surveys. In this research, we study the effect of HWT on the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India using a secondary data set consisting of 20,315 children between the ages of 6 and 14 (10,523 males and 9,792 females) in 12,839 households from the second wave of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS-II)...
April 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665296/artery-first-approach-for-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#12
EDITORIAL
Manabu Kawai, Satoshi Hirano, Hiroki Yamaue
"Artery-first approach" for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has gained recognition and has spread worldwide since Weitz et al. first used the term in 2010.1 , Division of the pancreatic head from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is traditionally performed during the final step of PD. Artery-first approach, however, has both oncological impact and better surgical technique; resectability can be determined early before committing an irreversible step during PD and blood loss may be reduced by early closure of blood flow into the pancreatic head...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664803/posterior-shoulder-dislocation-associated-with-the-head-splitting-and-humeral-neck-fracture-impact-of-understanding-radiologic-signs-and-experience-with-an-extended-deltopectoral-approach
#13
Kemal Gokkus, Ergin Sagtas, Hasan Kara, Ahmet T Aydin
In this paper, our main objective was to emphasize the competency of extended deltopectoral exposure, enforced with the supraspinatus and subscapularis detachment, to gain access to the entire head. The second important point in this paper was to underline the importance of the knowledge that is necessary for interpreting classic radiologic signs of posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulder. A 47-year-old woman fell down directly onto her shoulder while she was skiing. She was diagnosed with posterior shoulder dislocation, associated with fracture of the head (head splitting) and humeral neck fracture, with the aid of plain radiographs and computed tomographic results...
April 11, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664035/out-of-pocket-expenditure-for-hospitalization-in-haryana-state-of-india-extent-determinants-financial-risk-protection
#14
Deepshikha Sharma, Shankar Prinja, Arun Kumar Aggarwal, Pankaj Bahuguna, Atul Sharma, Saroj Kumar Rana
Background & objectives: India aspires to achieve universal health coverage, which requires ensuring financial risk protection (FRP). This study was done to assess the extent of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure and FRP for hospitalization in Haryana State, India. Further, the determinants for FRP were also evaluated. Methods: Data collected as a part of a household level survey conducted in Haryana 'Concurrent Evaluation of National Rural Health Mission: Haryana Health Survey' were analyzed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663073/ultra-structure-of-the-sperm-head-to-tail-linkage-complex-in-the-absence-of-the-spermatid-specific-linc-component-spag4
#15
Kefei Yang, Ibrahim M Adham, Andreas Meinhardt, Sigrid Hoyer-Fender
Tight connection between sperm head and tail is crucial for the transport of the male genome and fertilization. The linkage complex, the sperm head-to-tail coupling apparatus (HTCA), originates from the centrosome and anchors to the nuclear membrane. In contrast to its ultra-structural organization, which is already well known for decades, its protein composition largely still awaits future deciphering. SUN-domain proteins are essential components of a complex that links the cytoskeleton to the peripheral nucleoskeleton, which is the nuclear lamina...
April 16, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660877/probabilistic-modelling-and-uncertainty-analysis-of-flux-and-water-balance-changes-in-a-regional-aquifer-system-due-to-coal-seam-gas-development
#16
J Sreekanth, Tao Cui, Trevor Pickett, David Rassam, Mat Gilfedder, Damian Barrett
Large scale development of coal seam gas (CSG) is occurring in many sedimentary basins around the world including Australia, where commercial production of CSG has started in the Surat and Bowen basins. CSG development often involves extraction of large volumes of water that results in depressurising aquifers that overlie and/or underlie the coal seams thus perturbing their flow regimes. This can potentially impact regional aquifer systems that are used for many purposes such as irrigation, and stock and domestic water...
April 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660186/influence-of-prenatal-diagnosis-of-abnormally-invasive-placenta-on-maternal-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Danilo Buca, Marco Liberati, Giuseppe Calì, Francesco Forlani, Claudia Caisutti, Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Alessandra Familiari, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to ascertain the impact of prenatal diagnosis on surgical outcome of women affected by AIP. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane databases were searched. The outcomes observed were: gestational age at birth (weeks), amount of blood loss (l), units of red blood cells (RBC), platelets (PLT) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfused, length of stay in hospital and in intensive care unit (days), urinary tract injuries and infection...
April 16, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659998/the-arginine-methyltransferase-carm1-represses-p300%C3%A2-act%C3%A2-crem%C3%AF-activity-and-is-required-for-spermiogenesis
#18
Jianqiang Bao, Sophie Rousseaux, Jianjun Shen, Kevin Lin, Yue Lu, Mark T Bedford
CARM1 is a protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) that has been firmly implicated in transcriptional regulation. However, the molecular mechanisms by which CARM1 orchestrates transcriptional regulation are not fully understood, especially in a tissue-specific context. We found that Carm1 is highly expressed in the mouse testis and localizes to the nucleus in spermatids, suggesting an important role for Carm1 in spermiogenesis. Using a germline-specific conditional Carm1 knockout mouse model, we found that it is essential for the late stages of haploid germ cell development...
April 5, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656166/identification-of-molt-inhibiting-hormone-and-ecdysteroid-receptor-cdna-sequences-in-gammarus-pulex-and-variations-after-endocrine-disruptor-exposures
#19
Eric Gismondi
In amphipods, growth, development and reproduction are mediated by the molt, which is a hormonally controlled process and which, therefore, could be impacted by endocrine disruption compounds (EDC). The molt process is controlled by both X-organ (XO) and Y-organ (YO) through a variety of hormones and receptors including the molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH) and the ecdysteroid receptor (EcR). However, although many studies were devoted to characterize MIH and EcR in crustaceans, only few works evaluated their variations under EDCs exposures...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656131/postoperative-treatment-following-open-incisional-hernia-repair-a-survey-and-a-review-of-literature
#20
Christoph Paasch, Stefan Anders, Martin W Strik
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernias of the abdominal wall are frequent complication after laparotomy (9-20%). Open incisional hernia repair with sublay mesh placement (SMP) on the posterior rectus sheath is described as being a sufficient method for repairing incisional hernia. In order to ensure wound healing and to therefore prevent recurrence, carrying an abdominal binder (AB) or a pressure dressing (PD) and physical rest for a certain time is the common postoperative recommendation, though the evidence for post-operative treatment is low...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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