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Endothelial colony forming cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615071/mature-and-progenitor-endothelial-cells-perform-angiogenesis-also-under-protease-inhibition-the-amoeboid-angiogenesis
#1
Anastasia Chillà, Francesca Margheri, Alessio Biagioni, Mario Del Rosso, Gabriella Fibbi, Anna Laurenzana
BACKGROUND: Controlling vascular growth is a challenging aim for the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis. The amoeboid and mesenchymal types of invasiveness are two modes of migration interchangeable in cancer cells: the Rac-dependent mesenchymal migration requires the activity of proteases; the Rho-ROCK-dependent amoeboid motility is protease-independent and has never been described in endothelial cells. METHODS: A cocktail of physiologic inhibitors (Ph-C) of serine-proteases, metallo-proteases and cysteine-proteases, mimicking the physiological environment that cells encounter during their migration within the angiogenesis sites was used to induce amoeboid style migration of Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) and mature endothelial cells (ECs)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603903/photobiomodulation-of-freshly-isolated-human-adipose-tissue-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-cells-by-pulsed-light-emitting-diodes-for-direct-clinical-application
#2
E Priglinger, J Maier, S Chaudary, C Lindner, C Wurzer, S Rieger, H Redl, S Wolbank, P Dungel
A highly interesting source for adult stem cells is adipose tissue, from which the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) - a heterogeneous cell population including the adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC) - can be obtained. To enhance the regenerative potential of freshly isolated SVF cells low level light therapy (LLLT), was used. The effects of pulsed blue (475 nm), green (516 nm) and red light (635 nm) from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applied on freshly isolated SVF were analyzed regarding cell phenotype, cell number, viability, adenosine triphosphate content, cytotoxicity and proliferation, but also osteogenic, adipogenic and pro-angiogenic differentiation potential...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583085/functional-heterogeneity-of-endothelial-cells-derived-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#3
Saritha S D'Souza, Akhilesh Kumar, Igor I Slukvin
Specification of endothelial cells (ECs) into arterial, venous, and lymphatic cells is a crucial process of vascular development, and expanding our knowledge about EC specification from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) will aid the design of optimal strategies for producing desired types of ECs for therapies. In our prior studies, we revealed that hPSC-derived VE-cadherin(V)+ CD31+ CD34+ ECs are heterogeneous and include at least three major subsets with distinct hemogenic properties: V+ CD43/235a- CD73- hemogenic endothelial progenitors (HEPs), V+ CD43lo CD235a+ 73- angiogenic hematopoietic progenitors (AHPs), and V+ CD43/235a- 73+ non-HEPs...
March 27, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566115/mir-31-regulates-the-function-of-diabetic-endothelial-progenitor-cells-by-targeting-satb2
#4
Weishuai Lian, Xiaoxiao Hu, Rongfeng Shi, Shilong Han, Chuanwu Cao, Kun Wang, Maoquan Li
Endothelial malfunctions in patients with diabetes are known to result in vascular diseases, and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are indispensable for the functional preservation of the vascular endothelium. MicroRNA-31 (miR-31) has been found to be able to modulate the differentiation of stem cells. However, it is still unclear how miR-31 functions in diabetic EPCs. The aim of this study was to investigate how miR-31 regulates diabetic EPC function. In the current study, miR-31 expression was compared between normal and diabetic EPCs...
March 16, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549430/cells-with-hematopoietic-potential-reside-within-mouse-proepicardium
#5
Ewa Jankowska-Steifer, Justyna Niderla-Bielińska, Bogdan Ciszek, Marek Kujawa, Mateusz Bartkowiak, Aleksandra Flaht-Zabost, Daria Klosinska, Anna Ratajska
During embryonic development, hematopoietic cells are present in areas of blood-vessel differentiation. These hematopoietic cells emerge from a specific subpopulation of endothelial cells called the hemogenic endothelium. We have previously found that mouse proepicardium contained its own population of endothelial cells forming a network of vascular tubules. We hypothesize that this EC population contains cells of hematopoietic potential. Therefore, we investigated an in vitro hematopoietic potential of proepicardial cell populations...
March 16, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538431/mycophenolic-acid-induces-senescence-of-vascular-precursor-cells
#6
Ellen Go, Stefan P Tarnawsky, W Chris Shelley, Kimihiko Banno, Yang Lin, Chang-Hyun Gil, Emily K Blue, Laura S Haneline, Kathleen M O'Neil, Mervin C Yoder
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial dysfunction is central to the pathogenesis of many rheumatic diseases, typified by vascular inflammation and damage. Immunosuppressive drugs induce disease remission and lead to improved patient survival. However, there remains a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease in these patients even after adequate disease control. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mycophenolic acid (MPA), a commonly used immunosuppressive drug in rheumatology, on blood vessel or circulating endothelial colony forming cell number and function...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473177/manufacture-of-endothelial-colony-forming-progenitor-cells-from-steady-state-peripheral-blood-leukapheresis-using-pooled-human-platelet-lysate
#7
Georg Siegel, Erika Fleck, Stefanie Elser, Ursula Hermanutz-Klein, Marc Waidmann, Hinnak Northoff, Erhard Seifried, Richard Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Endothelial colony-forming progenitor cells (ECFCs) are promising candidates for cell therapies. However, ECFC translation to the clinic requires optimized isolation and manufacture technologies according to good manufacturing practice (GMP). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: ECFCs were manufactured from steady-state peripheral blood (PB) leukapheresis (11 donors), using GMP-compliant technologies including pooled human platelet (PLT) lysate, and compared to human umbilical cord endothelial cells, human aortic endothelial cells, and human cerebral microvascular endothelial cells...
February 22, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443032/kinetic-analysis-of-vasculogenesis-quantifies-dynamics-of-vasculogenesis-and-angiogenesis-in-vitro
#8
Kaela M Varberg, Seth Winfree, Kenneth W Dunn, Laura S Haneline
Vasculogenesis is a complex process by which endothelial stem and progenitor cells undergo de novo vessel formation. Quantitative assessment of vasculogenesis has become a central readout of endothelial progenitor cell functionality, and therefore, several attempts have been made to improve both in vitro and in vivo vasculogenesis models. However, standard methods are limited in scope, with static measurements failing to capture many aspects of this highly dynamic process. Therefore, the goal of developing this novel protocol was to assess the kinetics of in vitro vasculogenesis in order to quantitate rates of network formation and stabilization, as well as provide insight into potential mechanisms underlying vascular dysfunction...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429943/cd157-marks-tissue-resident-endothelial-stem-cells-with-homeostatic-and-regenerative-properties
#9
Taku Wakabayashi, Hisamichi Naito, Jun-Ichi Suehiro, Yang Lin, Hideya Kawaji, Tomohiro Iba, Tsukasa Kouno, Sachi Ishikawa-Kato, Masaaki Furuno, Kazuhiro Takara, Fumitaka Muramatsu, Jia Weizhen, Hiroyasu Kidoya, Katsuhiko Ishihara, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Kohji Nishida, Mervin C Yoder, Nobuyuki Takakura
The generation of new blood vessels via angiogenesis is critical for meeting tissue oxygen demands. A role for adult stem cells in this process remains unclear. Here, we identified CD157 (bst1, bone marrow stromal antigen 1) as a marker of tissue-resident vascular endothelial stem cells (VESCs) in large arteries and veins of numerous mouse organs. Single CD157+ VESCs form colonies in vitro and generate donor-derived portal vein, sinusoids, and central vein endothelial cells upon transplantation in the liver...
March 1, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377410/inhibition-of-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-activity-expands-multipotent-myeloid-progenitor-cells-with-vascular-regenerative-function
#10
Tyler T Cooper, Stephen E Sherman, Miljan Kuljanin, Gillian I Bell, Gilles A Lajoie, David A Hess
Blood-derived progenitor cell transplantation holds potential for the treatment of severe vascular diseases. Human umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells purified using high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDHhi ) activity demonstrate pro-angiogenic functions following intramuscular (i.m.) transplantation into immunodeficient mice with hind-limb ischemia. Unfortunately, UCB ALDHhi cells are rare and prolonged ex vivo expansion leads to loss of high ALDH-activity and diminished vascular regenerative function...
May 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345349/enhanced-phosphorylation-of-sphingosine-and-ceramide-sustains-the-exuberant-proliferation-of-endothelial-progenitors-in-kaposi-sarcoma
#11
Loubna Abdel Hadi, Francesca Calcaterra, Lucia Brambilla, Claudia Carenza, Giovanni Marfia, Silvia Della Bella, Laura Riboni
Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), a unique endothelial stem cell population, are highly increased in the blood of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) patients. KS-derived ECFCs (KS-ECFCs) are also endowed with increased proliferative and vasculogenic potential, thus suggesting that they may be precursors of KS spindle cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the increased proliferative activity of KS-ECFCs remain poorly understood. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) are metabolically interconnected sphingoid mediators crucial to cell proliferation...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324706/endothelial-ca-2-signaling-and-the-resistance-to-anticancer-treatments-partners-in-crime
#12
REVIEW
Francesco Moccia
Intracellular Ca2+ signaling drives angiogenesis and vasculogenesis by stimulating proliferation, migration, and tube formation in both vascular endothelial cells and endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), which represent the only endothelial precursor truly belonging to the endothelial phenotype. In addition, local Ca2+ signals at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria interface regulate endothelial cell fate by stimulating survival or apoptosis depending on the extent of the mitochondrial Ca2+ increase...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221123/vegf-induced-intracellular-ca-2-oscillations-are-down-regulated-and-do-not-stimulate-angiogenesis-in-breast-cancer-derived-endothelial-colony-forming-cells
#13
Francesco Lodola, Umberto Laforenza, Fabio Cattaneo, Federico Alessandro Ruffinatti, Valentina Poletto, Margherita Massa, Richard Tancredi, Estella Zuccolo, Dlzar Alì Khdar, Alberto Riccardi, Marco Biggiogera, Vittorio Rosti, Germano Guerra, Francesco Moccia
Endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) represent a population of truly endothelial precursors that promote the angiogenic switch in solid tumors, such as breast cancer (BC). The intracellular Ca2+ toolkit, which drives the pro-angiogenic response to VEGF, is remodelled in tumor-associated ECFCs such that they are seemingly insensitive to this growth factor. This feature could underlie the relative failure of anti-VEGF therapies in cancer patients. Herein, we investigated whether and how VEGF uses Ca2+ signalling to control angiogenesis in BC-derived ECFCs (BC-ECFCs)...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219755/mitochondrial-abnormalities-related-to-the-dysfunction-of-circulating-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-in-moyamoya-disease
#14
Jung Won Choi, Sung Min Son, Inhee Mook-Jung, Youn Joo Moon, Ji Yeoun Lee, Kyu-Chang Wang, Hyun-Seung Kang, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung Ah Choi, Sangjoon Chong, Jayoung Byun, Seung-Ki Kim
OBJECTIVE Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a unique cerebrovascular disorder characterized by the progressive occlusion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries. Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), previously termed "endothelial progenitor cells," play an important role in the pathogenesis of MMD. In this study, the authors performed morphological and functional studies of the mitochondria of ECFCs from patients with MMD to present new insights into the pathogenesis of the disease. METHODS The morphology of ECFCs from 5 MMD patients and 5 healthy controls was examined under both a transmission electron microscope and a confocal laser scanning microscope...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211342/functional-bkca-channel-in-human-resident-cardiac-stem-cells-expressing-w8b2
#15
Oualid Ayad, Christophe Magaud, Stéphane Sebille, Jocelyn Bescond, Chloé Mimbimi, Christian Cognard, Jean-Francois Faivre, Patrick Bois, Aurelien Chatelier
Recently, a new population of resident cardiac stem cells (CSCs) positive for the W8B2 marker has been identified. These CSCs are considered to be an ideal cellular source to repair myocardial damage after infarction. However, the electrophysiological profile of these cells has not been characterized yet. We first establish the conditions of isolation and expansion of W8B2+ CSCs from human heart biopsies using a magnetic sorting system followed by flow cytometry cell sorting. These cells display a spindle-shaped morphology, are highly proliferative, and possess self-renewal capacity demonstrated by their ability to form colonies...
February 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205098/platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-alpha-expressing-cardiac-progenitor-cells-can-be-derived-from-previously-cryopreserved-human-heart-samples
#16
Thi Y L Le, Hilda A Pickett, Cristobal G Dos Remedios, Pasquale M Barbaro, Eddy Kizana, James J H Chong
Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) are being developed as a promising treatment for heart failure. Although clinical trials have predominantly used donor cardiac biopsies to derive CPCs, a better solution could be to use previously cryopreserved human heart tissue. This would enable timely and convenient access to healthy and young heart samples for CPC production. However, few studies have attempted to isolate CPCs from previously cryopreserved heart tissue. In this study, we isolated CPCs from eight nondiseased human heart samples previously cryopreserved as part of the Sydney Heart Bank...
February 1, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166642/effect-of-calcium-infiltrated-hydroxyapatite-scaffolds-on-the-hematopoietic-fate-of-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#17
Qinghao Zhang, Jörg C Gerlach, Eva Schmelzer, Ian Nettleship
Foamed hydroxyapatite offers a three-dimensional scaffold for the development of bone constructs, mimicking perfectly the in vivo bone structure. In vivo, calcium release at the surface is assumed to provide a locally increased gradient supporting the maintenance of the hematopoietic stem cells niche. We fabricated hydroxyapatite scaffolds with high surface calcium concentration by infiltration, and used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as a model to study the effects on hematopoietic lineage direction...
2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164803/preclinical-evaluation-and-optimization-of-a-cell-therapy-using-human-cord-blood-derived-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-for-ischemic-retinopathies
#18
Emma Reid, Jasenka Guduric-Fuchs, Christina L O'Neill, Lynsey-Dawn Allen, Sarah E J Chambers, Alan W Stitt, Reinhold J Medina
Cell therapy using endothelial progenitors holds promise for vascular repair in ischemic retinopathies. Using a well-defined subpopulation of human cord blood-derived endothelial progenitors known as endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), we have evaluated essential requirements for further development of this cell therapy targeting the ischemic retina, including dose response, delivery route, and toxicity. First, to evaluate therapeutic efficacy relating to cell dose, ECFCs were injected into the vitreous of mice with oxygen-induced retinopathy...
January 2018: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121817/stromal-cell-derived-factor-1%C3%AE-promotes-endothelial-colony-forming-cell-migration-through-the-ca-2-dependent-activation-of-the-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-2-and-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-akt-pathways
#19
Estella Zuccolo, Christian Di Buduo, Francesco Lodola, Stefania Orecchioni, Giorgia Scarpellino, Dlzar Ali Kheder, Valentina Poletto, Germano Guerra, Francesco Bertolini, Alessandra Balduini, Vittorio Rosti, Francesco Moccia
Stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) drives endothelial colony-forming cell (ECFC) homing and incorporation within neovessels, thereby restoring tissue perfusion in ischemic tissues and favoring tumor vascularization and metastasis. SDF-1α stimulates ECFC migration by activating the Gi -protein-coupled receptor, CXCR4, and then engaging the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway. Sporadic evidence showed that SDF-1α may also act through an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) in bone marrow-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells and fully differentiated endothelial cells...
January 1, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116023/caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-promotes-haematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cell-homing-and-engraftment
#20
Xiaofang Chen, Yi Han, Bowen Zhang, Yiming Liu, Sihan Wang, Tuling Liao, Ziliang Deng, Zeng Fan, Jing Zhang, Lijuan He, Wen Yue, Yanhua Li, Xuetao Pei
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) can induce the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein. We determined whether CAPE has a novel function in improving the homing and engraftment of haematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) by regulating HIF-1α gene expression in the bone marrow (BM) niche. METHODS: For survival experiments, lethally irradiated C57BL/6 mice were injected with a low number of BM mononuclear cells (MNCs) and CAPE according to the indicated schedule...
November 7, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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