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Physician-assisted suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145772/do-primary-care-physicians-help-the-bereaved-with-their-suicide-losses-loss-survivor-perceptions-of-helpfulness-from-physicians
#1
William Feigelman, Rebecca L Sanford, Julie Cerel
Several previous studies suggested that primary care physicians can provide important bereavement assistance to survivors of suicide, yet no study has investigated whether suicide-bereaved patients perceive their physicians as helpful. Contacting bereavement communities on social media, we collected online survey data from 146 bereaved respondents reporting suicides causing them severe emotional distress. Data analysis suggested that nearly half (48%) of the respondents encountered positive, help-offering responses from physicians, compared to 10% whose responses were deemed as negative...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129179/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#2
Malcolm H Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074515/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-not-meeting-due-care-criteria-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-review-of-review-committee-judgements
#3
David Gibbes Miller, Scott Y H Kim
ObjectivesTo assess how Dutch regional euthanasia review committees (RTE) apply the euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) due care criteria in cases where the criteria are judged not to have been met ('due care not met' (DCNM)) and to evaluate how the criteria function to set limits in Dutch EAS practice. DESIGN: A qualitative review using directed content analysis of DCNM cases in the Netherlands from 2012 to 2016 published on the RTE website (https://www.euthanasiecommissie...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052518/voluntary-stopping-of-eating-and-drinking-is-medical-support-ethically-justified
#4
Ralf J Jox, Isra Black, Gian Domenico Borasio, Johanna Anneser
BACKGROUND: Physician-assisted dying has been the subject of extensive discussion and legislative activity both in Europe and North America. In this context, dying by voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is often proposed, and practiced, as an alternative method of self-determined dying, with medical support for VSED being regarded as ethically and legally justified. ARGUMENT: In our opinion, this view is flawed. First, we argue that VSED falls within the concept of suicide, albeit with certain unique features (non-invasiveness, initial reversibility, resemblance to the natural dying process)...
October 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052454/surgical-ethics-today-and-tomorrow
#5
Robert M Sade, Minoo N Kavarana
Ethical behavior has always been deeply ingrained in surgical culture, but ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. In our earlier review, we covered a range of issues including several related to informed consent, conflict of interest, professional self-regulation and innovation, among many others. This update covers several topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, focusing on controversial issues specific to the practice of cardiothoracic surgery: informed consent, relations with hospitals and euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
October 20, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983787/morally-relevant-similarities-and-differences-between-assisted-dying-practices-in-paradigm-and-non-paradigm-circumstances-could-they-inform-regulatory-decisions
#6
Jeffrey Kirby
There has been contentious debate over the years about whether there are morally relevant similarities and differences between the three practices of continuous deep sedation until death, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary euthanasia. Surprisingly little academic attention has been paid to a comparison of the uses of these practices in the two types of circumstances in which they are typically performed. A comparative domains of ethics analysis methodological approach is used in the paper to compare 1) the use of the three practices in paradigm circumstances, and 2) the use of the practices in paradigm circumstances to their use in non-paradigm circumstances...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975245/physician-assisted-suicide-finding-a-path-forward-in-a-changing-legal-environment
#7
Timothy E Quill, Robert M Arnold, Stuart J Youngner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975242/ethics-and-the-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#8
Lois Snyder Sulmasy, Paul S Mueller
Calls to legalize physician-assisted suicide have increased and public interest in the subject has grown in recent years despite ethical prohibitions. Many people have concerns about how they will die and the emphasis by medicine and society on intervention and cure has sometimes come at the expense of good end-of-life care. Some have advocated strongly, on the basis of autonomy, that physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option at the end of life. As a proponent of patient-centered care, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is attentive to all voices, including those who speak of the desire to control when and how life will end...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975201/the-slippery-slope-of-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide
#9
William G Kussmaul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915075/responding-to-patient-requests-for-hastened-death-physician-aid-in-dying-and-the-clinical-oncologist
#10
Rebecca A Spence, Charles D Blanke, Thomas J Keating, Lynne P Taylor
Physician aid in dying (PAD) or assisted suicide is becoming legal in more US jurisdictions. Meanwhile, the needs of terminally ill patients with cancer are receiving greater attention, including the integration of palliative care into oncology practice. This article highlights a case vignette of a patient with advanced cancer who requests PAD from her oncologist, as a backdrop to help the practicing oncologist examine his or her moral stance regarding participation in aid in dying. The article concludes by offering a framework within which the practicing oncologist can receive and process a patient's request for PAD...
October 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910992/physician-assisted-suicide-a-clean-bill-of-health
#11
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) laws have been enacted in five US States and, along with physician-administered euthanasia, in Canada and the Netherlands. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Oregon Health Authority and published research papers. Areas of agreement: Not all recipients of lethal drugs use them to end their lives. Improvements in palliative care provision. Areas of controversy: Rising numbers of deaths from PAS...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910224/an-ethical-analysis-of-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-rejecting-euthanasia-and-accepting-physician-assisted-suicide-with-palliative-care
#12
Benjamin Shibata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901283/a-systematic-review-of-religious-beliefs-about-major-end-of-life-issues-in-the-five-major-world-religions
#13
Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Areej R El-Jawahri, Mark R Litzow, Karen L Syrjala, Aric D Parnes, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the religious/spiritual beliefs of followers of the five major world religions about frequently encountered medical situations at the end of life (EoL). METHOD: This was a systematic review of observational studies on the religious aspects of commonly encountered EoL situations. The databases used for retrieving studies were: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899906/does-the-doctrine-of-double-effect-apply-to-the-prescription-of-barbiturates-syme-vs-the-medical-board-of-australia
#14
Xavier Symons
The doctrine of double effect (DDE) is a principle of crucial importance in law and medicine. In medicine, the principle is generally accepted to apply in cases where the treatment necessary to relieve pain and physical suffering runs the risk of hastening the patient's death. More controversially, it has also been used as a justification for withdrawal of treatment from living individuals and physician-assisted suicide. In this paper, I will critique the findings of the controversial Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) hearing Syme vs the Medical Board of Australia In that hearing, Dr Rodney Syme, a urologist and euthanasia advocate, was defending his practice of prescribing barbiturates to terminally ill patients...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833415/two-kinds-of-physician-assisted-death
#15
Govert den Hartogh
I argue that the concept 'physician-assisted suicide' covers two procedures that should be distinguished: giving someone access to humane means to end his own life, and taking co-responsibility for the safe and effective execution of that plan. In the first section I explain the distinction, in the following sections I show why it is important. To begin with I argue that we should expect the laws that permit these two kinds of 'assistance' to be different in their justificatory structure. Laws that permit giving access only presuppose that the right to self-determination implies a right to suicide, but laws that permit doctors to take co-responsibility may have to appeal to a principle of mercy or beneficence...
August 23, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818632/the-views-of-clergy-regarding-ethical-controversies-in-care-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Michael J Balboni, Adam Sullivan, Patrick T Smith, Danish Zaidi, Christine Mitchell, James A Tulsky, Daniel Sulmasy, Tyler J VanderWeele, Tracy A Balboni
CONTEXT: While religion often informs ethical judgments, little is known about the views of American clergy regarding controversial end-of-life ethical issues including allowing to die and physician-aid in dying or physician-assisted suicide (PAD/PAS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of U.S. clergy concerning allowing to die and PAD/PAS. METHODS: A survey was mailed to 1665 nationally representative clergy between 8/2014 to 3/2015 (60% response rate)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801317/responses-to-assisted-suicide-requests-an-interview-study-with-swiss-palliative-care-physicians
#17
Claudia Gamondi, Gian Domenico Borasio, Pam Oliver, Nancy Preston, Sheila Payne
OBJECTIVES: Assisted suicide in Switzerland is mainly performed by right-to-die societies. Medical involvement is limited to the prescription of the drug and certification of eligibility. Palliative care has traditionally been perceived as generally opposed to assisted suicide, but little is known about palliative care physicians' involvement in assisted suicide practices. This paper aims to describe their perspectives and involvement in assisted suicide practices. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was conducted with 23 palliative care physicians across Switzerland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782467/current-and-under-development-treatment-modalities-of-psoriasis-a-review
#18
Abdullah Albaghdadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic and complex autoimmune inflammatory skin disease that affects over 125 million people worldwide. It can exhibit at any age, in spite of the fact that children are less normally influenced than adults. It is characterized by distinct erythematous plaques shielded with conspicuous silvery scales that shows up in different areas of the skin. Knowledge of pathophysiology, especially the pathogenesis of psoriasis, has significantly progressed in the recent decade...
2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781898/suicide-by-ingestion-of-caffeine
#19
Frédéric Aknouche, Emilie Guibert, Alison Tessier, Aude Eibel, Pascal Kintz
BACKGROUND: Mr K, aged 48, was found sweating by his partner at home at 11.50 pm. He claimed to have attempted suicide. She immediately called the Emergency Unit to ask for support. At the phone, the physician on duty indicated her to give a pill of Lysanxia (prazepam) to decrease the level of stress of the victim. However, the clinical situation worsened and he was taken to the hospital at 1.00 am. At his arrival at 1.28 am he was in cardiac arrest. Despite intensive resuscitation manoeuvres, death was pronounced at 2...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749056/on-legalizing-physician-assisted-death-for-dementia
#20
Rebecca Dresser
Last November, soon after Colorado became the latest state to authorize physician-assisted suicide, National Public Radio's The Diane Rehm Show devoted a segment to legalization of "physician assistance in dying," a label that refers to both physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia. Although the segment initially focused on PAD in the context of terminal illness in general, it wasn't long before PAD's potential application to dementia patients came up. A caller said that her mother had Alzheimer's disease and was being cared for at great expense...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
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