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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240793/dental-implants-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
Daniel Almeida, Katia Vianna, Patrícia Arriaga, Vittorio Moraschini
OBJECTIVES: The Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects salivation and consequently the health of oral tissues. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the implant survival rate, marginal bone loss (MBL) and biological complications of dental implants in SS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria included prospective and retrospective cohort studies, controlled clinical trials, and randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239997/predisposing-risk-factors-and-stress-fractures-in-division-i-cross-country-runners
#2
Kaci L Giffin, Kathy B Knight, Martha A Bass, Melinda W Valliant
The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with increased stress fractures in collegiate cross country runners. Participants in this study were 42 male and female cross country runners at a Division I university. Each athlete completed a questionnaire regarding smoking status, vitamin/mineral intake, previous stress fracture history, birth control usage, menstrual status, and demographic information. Nutritional assessment via a 3-day food record and measurements of whole body, lumbar spine, and hip bone mineral densities (BMD) were also conducted on each athlete...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239768/phenotypic-spectrum-of-tessier-facial-cleft-number-5
#4
Caroline Racz, Stéphanie Dakpé, Natacha Kadlub, Sylvie Testelin, Bernard Devauchelle, Martin Rachwalski, Arnaud Picard
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial clefts belong to the most disfiguring and rare congenital malformations of the face and among these, orbito-facial clefts constitute approximately 0.22 % of the cases with Tessier cleft number 5 being the least common. Our aim was to define the phenotypic spectrum for this subgroup to improve clinical management. METHODS: Our study group consisted of four patients which were treated at two different cleft centers. Retrospective chart review and anatomical analysis were conducted for each patient based on clinical evaluation and imaging studies...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239465/vitamin-b12-bone-mineral-density-and-fracture-risk-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Luciana Leal Gomes de Macêdo, Cecilia Maria Resende Gonçalves de Carvalho, Janaína Costa Cavalcanti, Betania de Jesus E Silva de Almendra Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To consolidate information available on the effect of vitamin B12 on bone mineral density and fracture risk, with emphasis on clinical trials, observational and longitudinal data conducted in humans. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature of the past decade on the role of vitamin B12 in bone mineral density and fracture risk in subjects of all ages and both sexes was performed by means of a PubMed, Science Direct, Medline and SciELO database search...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238689/baha-attract-our-experience
#6
Hetal Marfatia, Keya Shah, Sheetal Shelke, Kartik Krishnan
In this study, we have highlighted our experience with a new transcutaneous bone conduction hearing device, the Baha Attract System along with finer details on its surgical technique, some challenges faced intraoperatively and the surgical outcome. This study was carried out in our tertiary care hospital over the last 1 year. Our study included the first 4 patients, all of which were males; with a mean age of 13.25 years in whom the new Baha Attract System was used. The mean air-bone gap was 48 dB. Bone smoothening around the implant was needed in 2 patients...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238646/stem-cells-in-spinal-fusion
#7
Michael A Robbins, Dominik R Haudenschild, Adam M Wegner, Eric O Klineberg
Study Design: Review of literature. Objectives: This review of literature investigates the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in spinal fusion, highlights potential uses in the development of bone grafts, and discusses limitations based on both preclinical and clinical models. Methods: A review of literature was conducted looking at current studies using stem cells for augmentation of spinal fusion in both animal and human models...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238638/efficacy-of-early-fusion-with-local-bone-graft-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-followed-over-10-years
#8
Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Hiroshi Nakamura, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Hiroaki Nakashima, Junki Takamatsu, Tadashi Matsushita, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Study Design: Prospective clinical study. Objective: Many oral surgeons use platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for bone defects, but the efficacy of PRP for spinal arthrodesis remains uncertain. The objective was to compare the efficacy of autologous local bone graft and PRP with local bone graft alone for promotion of bony union in posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) surgery, with investigation of the safety of PRP over 10 years. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 29 consecutive patients who underwent one-level PLF at L4/5 for degenerative lumbar disease...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237296/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-besifovir-for-the-treatment-of-hbv-infection
#9
Lung-Yi Mak, Wai-Kay Seto, Ching-Lung Lai, Man-Fung Yuen
Besifovir (LB80380) is a relatively new oral acyclic nucleotide phosphonate. We reviewed the pharmacokinetic characteristics of LB80380 and discussed its role in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection. Areas covered: LB80380 is a prodrug of LB80331 and LB8031. It is rapidly absorbed when taken orally. Escalating doses of besifovir produce linear increase of the plasma concentration. Doses above 60mg are effective for inhibiting HBV in human. Using 60mg as an example, the maximal concentration of LB80331 in plasma is 397 ng/mL...
December 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237294/mutagenicity-evaluation-of-anastatica-hierochuntica-l-aqueous-extract-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Siti Rosmani Md Zin, Zahurin Mohamed, Mohammed A Alshawsh, Won F Wong, Normadiah M Kassim
Anastatica hierochuntica L. ( A. hierochuntica), a folk medicinal plant, was evaluated for mutagenic potential via in vitro and in vivo assays. The in vitro assay was conducted according to modified Ames test, while the in vivo study was performed according to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guideline for mammalian erythrocyte micronucleus assay. Four groups ( n= 5 males and 5 females per group) Sprague Dawley rats were randomly chosen as the negative control, positive control (received a single intramuscular injection of cyclophosphamide 50 mg/kg), 1000 and, 2000 mg/kg A...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236264/skin-necrosis-in-a-magnet-based-bone-conduction-implant
#11
Sara Gallant, Judy Lee, Daniel Jethanamest
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235392/re-evaluating-osteoporosis-and-fracture-risk-in-crohn-s-disease-patients-in-the-era-of-tnf-alpha-inhibitors
#12
Shahrad Hakimian, Joan Kheder, Seth Arum, David R Cave, Benjamin Hyatt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures as compared to the general population. Recently, various cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha are found to play a major role in bone health. In this study, we aimed to gain a better understanding of the risk factors for osteoporosis and vitamin D deficiency in the era of TNF-alpha inhibitors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 464 consecutive patients with CD in our GI clinic between 2008 and 2015...
December 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234748/early-loading-of-maxillary-titanium-implants-with-a-nanostructured-calcium-incorporated-surface-xpeed-5-year-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Giorgio Gastaldi, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Pietro Felice, Carlo Barausse, Daniela Rita Ippolito, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical safety and effectiveness of a novel calcium-incorporated titanium implant (Xpeed, MegaGen Implant Co. Limited, Gyeongbuk, South Korea). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 60 patients were randomised to receive one to six titanium implants in the maxilla with either calcium-incorporated (Xpeed) or control resorbable blasted media (RBM) surfaces, according to a parallel group design at two centres. Implants were submerged and exposed at three different endpoints in equal groups of 20 patients at 12, 10 and 8 weeks, respectively...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234746/short-implants-as-an-alternative-to-crestal-sinus-lift-a-3-year-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Giorgio Gastaldi, Pietro Felice, Roberto Pistilli, Carlo Barausse, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of short (5 or 6 mm long) dental implants vs 10 mm or longer implants placed in crestally lifted sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty partially edentulous patients with 5 to 7 mm of residual crestal height and at least 7 mm thickness below the maxillary sinuses as measured on computed tomography scans were randomised according to a parallel group design to receive either one to two 5 or 6 mm long implants (10 patients) or 10 mm long implants (10 patients) after crestal sinus lifting and grafting with anorganic bovine bone...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234745/the-influence-of-repeated-abutment-changes-on-peri-implant-tissue-stability-3-year-post-loading-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Eriberto Bressan, Maria Gabriella Grusovin, Ferdinando D'Avenia, Konrad Neumann, Luca Sbricoli, Giuseppe Luongo, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of at least three abutment disconnections in conventional loaded implants against placement of a definitive abutment in immediately non-occlusal loaded implants on hard and soft tissue changes. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the presence of less than 2 mm of keratinised mucosa is associated with increased peri-implant marginal bone loss and soft tissue recessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients requiring one single crown or one fixed partial prosthesis supported by a maximum of three implants were randomised, after implants were placed with more than 35 Ncm, according to a parallel group design to receive definitive abutments that were loaded immediately (definitive abutment or immediate loading group) or transmucosal abutments, which were delayed loaded after 3 months and removed at least three times: 1...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234714/bone-mineral-density-is-lower-in-male-than-female-patients-with-plaque-type-psoriasis-in-iran
#16
V Lajevardi, R Abedini, M Moghaddasi, S F Nassiri, A Goodarzi
Background: There are many similarities with regard to contributing cytokines in patients with psoriasis and osteoporosis. A theory of probable relationship between these two entities has been proposed but there is no concordant consensus. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with psoriasis. Method and materials: This cross-sectional study of BMD was conducted with 64 eligible patients with psoriasis who were referred to the dermatology clinic of Razi hospital in Tehran, Iran in between 2011 and 2012...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234645/bone-graft-in-the-treatment-of-nonunion-of-the-scaphoid-with-necrosis-of-the-proximal-pole-a-literature-review
#17
Antônio Lourenço Severo, Marcelo Barreto Lemos, Osvandré Luiz Canfield Lech, Danilo Barreto Filho, Daniel Paulo Strack, Larissa Knapp Candido
Scaphoid fractures are the most common fractures of the carpal bones, corresponding to 60%. Of these, 10% progress to nonunion; moreover, 3% can present necrosis of the proximal pole. There are various methods of treatment using vascularized and non-vascularized bone grafts. To evaluate and compare the rate of scaphoid consolidation with necrosis of the proximal pole using different surgical techniques. The authors conducted a review of the literature using the following databases: PubMed and BIREME/LILACS, where 13 case series were selected (ten with use of vascularized bone grafts and three of non-vascularized bone grafts), according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234064/homeostatic-plasticity-and-synaptic-scaling-in-the-adult-mouse-auditory-cortex
#18
Manuel Teichert, Lutz Liebmann, Christian A Hübner, Jürgen Bolz
It has been demonstrated that sensory deprivation results in homeostatic adjustments recovering neuronal activity of the deprived cortex. For example, deprived vision multiplicatively scales up mEPSC amplitudes in the primary visual cortex, commonly referred to as synaptic scaling. However, whether synaptic scaling also occurs in auditory cortex after auditory deprivation remains elusive. Using periodic intrinsic optical imaging in adult mice, we show that conductive hearing loss (CHL), initially led to a reduction of primary auditory cortex (A1) responsiveness to sounds...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233403/perceptions-of-pharmacists-role-in-the-health-care-team-through-student-pharmacist-led-point-of-care-screenings-and-its-future-application-in-health-care
#19
Karen M S Bastianelli, Lucas Nelson, Laura Palombi
INTRODUCTION: The public is largely unaware of changing pharmacy roles and continues to underutilize pharmacists as mainly a dispensing service, often overlooking direct patient care components. This paper evaluates the public perceptions of pharmacists' through student led point-of-care screenings and comprehensive medication reviews. METHODS: An IRB approved longitudinal retrospective study design was used to survey participants who attended College of Pharmacy sponsored health fairs in 2013...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232637/copper-ii-complexes-based-on-tripodal-pyrazolyl-amines-synthesis-structure-magnetic-properties-and-anticancer-activity
#20
Salah S Massoud, Febee R Louka, Gerard T Ducharme, Roland C Fischer, Franz A Mautner, Ján Vančo, Radovan Herchel, Zdeněk Dvořák, Zdeněk Trávníček
The Cu(II) complexes [Cu(bpdmpz)Cl]ClO4 (1), [Cu(bdmpzp)Cl]ClO4 (2-ClO4), [Cu(bdmpzp)Cl]PF6 (2-PF6) and [Cu(tdmpza)Cl]ClO4 (3), bpdmpzp=[bis[((2-pyridylmethyl)-di(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazolyl)methyl)]amine, bdmpzp=[bis((di(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazolyl)methyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl)]amine and tdmpza=tris[di(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazolyl)-methyl)]amine were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic and conductivity measurements, electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry, infrared and electronic spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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