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Wrist arthroplasty

Jae Hoon Lee, Duke Whan Chung, Jong Hun Baek, Young Jun Kim, So Young Park
Background Although proximal fibular flaps have been widely applied in wrist arthroplasty, controversy remains regarding which side of the proximal fibula is better for reconstruction of the distal radius. If the articular surface of the proximal fibula shows dorsal tilting, the ipsilateral (right) proximal fibula should be harvested in right wrist arthroplasty because the articular surface of the distal radius normally has volar tilt. This study investigated anatomical similarities between the proximal fibular articular surface and the distal radius articular surface based on morphologic analysis of the proximal fibula using computed tomography (CT)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
John W Karl, Lauren H Redler, Peter Tang
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of radial head resection for radial head fracture have shown mixed outcomes, depending on the integrity of the soft-tissue stabilizers of the elbow, forearm, and wrist. METHODS: We report a case of a symptomatic delayed proximal migration of the radius after radial head excision for radial neck nonunion which was managed with a staged radial head replacement. Informed consent was obtained from the individual in this case report. RESULTS: At 7 months after radial head replacement, the patient had 90 degrees of forearm supination and 85 degrees of pronation...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Brian D Adams, Ericka A Lawler, Taften L Kuhl
INTRODUCTION: Due to a higher risk for implant loosening, particularly of the distal component, patients with physically demanding lifestyles are infrequently considered for total wrist arthroplasty (TWA). A distal radius hemiarthroplasty may obviate the need for the strict restrictions recommended for patients treated by TWA, thus providing another surgical option for active patients with severe wrist arthritis, especially those with articular degeneration of the lunate facet of the radius, capitate head, or combination of both, who are not typically candidates for traditional motion-preserving procedures...
August 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Eitan Melamed, Bryan Marascalchi, Richard M Hinds, Marco Rizzo, John T Capo
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) provides the requisite range of motion to accomplish activities of daily living, especially for low-demand patients with bilateral wrist arthritis. However, there are no large epidemiologic studies to evaluate nationwide trends of TWA and wrist fusion (WF). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To analyze data collected from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) to compare utilization, demographic, and outcome data among patients undergoing TWA versus total WF...
August 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Akihiro Fukui, Hideki Yamada, Takashi Yoshii
BACKGROUND: A significant number of patients on long-term treatment and users of biologics complain of wrist pain due to synovial proliferation and arthropathic changes. Synovectomy or joint arthroplasty is often indicated for such patients, but many refuse surgery. For these patients triamcinolone acetonide was injected into the dorsum of the wrist, and evaluated the clinical benefit and safety of the wrist joint. METHODS: We injected triamcinolone acetonide into the dorsum of the wrist...
June 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Chong Jin Yeo, Levi Philip Morse, Jeganath Krishnan, Gregory Ian Bain
The distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) allows forearm rotation and load transmission across the wrist. Post-traumatic and degenerative joint disease of DRUJ may cause pain and disability. Deficiency of the soft tissue or bony supports may result in DRUJ instability. Various techniques have been developed to address arthritis and / or instability of the DRUJ. A comprehensive review of the spectrum of surgical techniques and arthroplasty options is presented. The concepts of these procedures are discussed in detail, with a focus on special points of interest to optimise outcomes and to avoid complications...
June 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Baichuan Wang, Qiang Wu, Jianxiang Liu, Songfeng Chen, Zhicai Zhang, Zengwu Shao
PURPOSE: A giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone presenting in the distal radius is rare, however, when they occur, Campanacci Grade III tumors can present formidable reconstructive challenges. They are associated with a high local recurrence rate with intralesional treatment, therefore approaches to reconstruct the wrist after en bloc resection warrant study. QUESTIONS: We asked: (1) What are the functional outcomes after en bloc resection and reconstruction of the wrist with a unipolar prosthesis in patients with Grade III GCT of the distal radius? (2) What complications occur with use of a unipolar prosthesis in these patients? (3) What are the oncologic outcomes with using en bloc resection and reconstruction with a custom unipolar wrist hemiarthroplasty for Grade III GCTs of the distal radius? METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 10 patients with Campanacci Grade III GCTs of the distal radius treated by a unipolar prosthesis after wide resection of the tumor between January 2008 and October 2013...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Ilse Degreef
Background The elbow joint is a complex compound articulation, with a linking role within the upper limb kinematics. Its hinge function allows for proper placement of our working instrument (the hand) in the space surrounding us, directed by the shoulder joint. Both reliable mobility and stability are essential elements to allow for consistent bridging of the distance we aim to achieve in common daily activities. Sufficient flexion and extension are required to ensure both the patients' independence and the dignity...
April 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Gwen Weinstock-Zlotnick, Saurabh P Mehta
STUDY DESIGN: Structured literature synthesis. INTRODUCTION: Hand therapists and researchers have numerous options when selecting outcome measures for patients with wrist pathologies. An evidence-based approach to determining which measures are used most often can inform choices. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe how frequently outcome measures are used in recent randomized controlled trials of patients with wrist diagnoses. Identifying assessment design and related International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domains provides additional consideration for selection...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Marcio Aurélio Aita, Daniel Schneider Ibanez, Gabriel Cunha Barbosa Saheb, Rafael Saleme Alves
OBJECTIVE: To measure the quality of life and clinical-functional results from patients diagnosed with osteoarthrosis of the distal radioulnar joint who underwent surgical treatment using the technique of total arthroplasty of the ulna, with a total or partial Ascension(®) prosthesis of the distal ulna. METHODS: Ten patients were evaluated after 12 months of follow-up subsequent to total or partial arthroplasty of the distal ulna. All of them presented post-traumatic osteoarthrosis and/or chronic symptomatic instability of the distal radioulnar joint...
November 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Nicolas de l'Escalopier, Philippe Anract, David Biau
There are two main surgical treatments for osteoarthritis: conservative treatments, where the damaged cartilage is left in place, and radical treatments, where the cartilage is replaced by an artificial endoprosthesis; this latter procedure is termed joint arthroplasty. These treatments are only offered to symptomatic patients. Arthrodesis is yet another surgical intervention in cases of osteoarthritis. It will sacrifice the joint's articular function and is performed on small osteoarthritic joints, such as wrists and ankles, for instance...
June 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mehmet Hakan Özsoy, Metin Işık, Abdurrahman Sakaoğulları, Hacı Mustafa Özdemir, Mehmet Yücel, Veysel Ercan Dincel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a new reconstruction with anconeus interposition arthroplasty in acute multiligamentous elbow injuries with irreparable radial head fractures. METHODS: Five patients (3 males, 2 females) with a mean age of 42.6 years who underwent reconstruction with anconeus arhtroplasty were evaluated. With lateral approach, lateral capsuloligamentous structures were repaired, the radial head was excised, and anconeus interposition arthroplasty was performed...
2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Jean-David Werthel, Thierry Dubert
UNLABELLED: Recent studies seem to show that ligament reconstruction with tendon interposition (LRTI) does not provide any benefit over trapezium excision alone; however dorsal subluxation was not measured in these studies. We believe it is logical to perform ligamentoplasty in order to obtain long-term stability and therefore treat dorsal subluxation. Our aim is to verify this hypothesis in an observational prospective study of LRTI using the entire flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendon...
April 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Patrick M Kane, Justin D Stull, Randall W Culp
Background Concomitant arthroplasty has been described to have several benefits over multistage procedures. Ipsilateral total elbow and total shoulder arthroplasty has been reported with good outcomes in upper extremity concomitant arthroplasty. Case Description A 65-year-old woman presented with ipsilateral left-sided wrist and elbow joint degeneration as a result of longstanding rheumatoid arthritis. Concomitant total wrist and total elbow arthroplasty was performed with satisfactory results at both joints...
May 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Jin-Xing Ma, Yong-Qing Xu
Total wrist arthroplasty are not used as widely as total knee and hip replacement. The functional hands are requiring surgeons to design a durable and functional satisfying prosthesis. This article will list the main reasons that cause the failure of the prosthesis. Some remarkable and representative prostheses are listed to show the devolvement of total wrist prosthesis and their individual special innovations to fix the problems. And the second part we will discuss the part that biomechanical elements act in the total wrist replacement (TWA)...
2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Brian D Adams, Ben P Kleinhenz, Justin J Guan
PURPOSE: Treatment options for failed total wrist arthroplasty include implant revision, resection arthroplasty, and arthrodesis. Variable results associated with different techniques have been reported for arthrodesis and the procedure has substantial technical challenges, including restoration of wrist height, obtaining stable fixation, and achieving bony fusion. This study evaluates the radiographic results of a surgical technique for conversion of a failed arthroplasty to an arthrodesis...
June 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Letizia Marenghi, Marco Paterlini, Silvio Tocco, Maurizio Corradi
The original Burton-Pellegrini technique used to treat trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis suggests the use of half of the flexor carpi radialis (FCR) width to reconstruct the ligament and perform the tendon interposition arthroplasty. In our study, unlike the original technique, we used the full thickness of the FCR and evaluated a sample of 100 thumbs (95 patients) preoperatively and postoperatively, with a mean follow-up of 36 months. According to the Eaton classification, 1 thumb was grade II, 81 were grade III, and 18 were grade IV...
June 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Yukio Yonemoto, Koichi Okamura, Tetsuya Kaneko, Chisa Okura, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Takahito Suto, Yoshito Tsushima, Kenji Takagishi
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess arthritis of the whole body before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using positron emission tomography (PET). METHOD: Seventeen knees of 17 RA patients (median age 68 years) who underwent TKA were included in this study. Clinical assessments of disease activity, knee function and activities of daily living (ADL) were performed before and after TKA. (18) Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET was performed preoperatively and 12 weeks postoperatively when RA disease activity was assessed...
March 16, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Jérémie Chevrollier, Clotilde Strugarek-Lecoanet, François Dap, Gilles Dautel
Our retrospective study aimed to evaluate functional and radiological results of a unicentric series of 17 total wrist prostheses implanted between 2001 and 2011. Nine women and seven men, mean age 59, underwent wrist joint arthroplasty, bilateral in one case. Universal Total Wrist and Remotion prostheses were used and followed-up at a mean of 5.2 years (1.1-10). Fifteen patients were reviewed. Four patients had postoperative complications, three of whom required arthrodesis. The rest obtained satisfactory pain relief...
March 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
N Bigorre, Y Saint Cast, B Cesari, F Rabarin, G Raimbeau
HYPOTHESIS: Early medical management of rheumatoid arthritis with biotherapy has changed the traditional musculoskeletal damage from this disease. When the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ) is involved, classic procedures may be inappropriate. We chose a hemi-arthroplasty of the DRUJ joint (Eclypse™) in patients with persistent synovitis and chondrolysis with a stable joint. The aim of this study was to assess the intermediate term results of this approach in these specific cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a retrospective study of 5 Eclypse arthropasties implanted between March 2005 and March 2011...
May 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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