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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663339/what-factors-influence-mothers-behavior-regarding-control-of-their-children-s-sugary-snack-intake-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Tippanart Vichayanrat, Kantaphon Sudha, Komsun Kumthanom, Jomjak Apisuttisin, Nuttanun Uawatanasakul, Yuttakit Ariyakieatsakul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect data from the mothers of preschool children on the factors related to their behaviours influencing control of their children's sugary snack intake, namely attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, self-efficacy, age, income and educational level...
April 16, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626932/examining-the-challenges-posed-to-parents-by-the-contemporary-screen-environments-of-children-a-qualitative-investigation
#2
Emma Solomon-Moore, Joe Matthews, Thomas Reid, Zoi Toumpakari, Simon J Sebire, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: The ubiquity of technology in modern society has led to the American Academy of Pediatrics adapting their screen-viewing (SV) recommendations for children. The revised guidelines encourage families to identify an appropriate balance between SV and other activities. The aims of this study were to explore parents' views of their child's SV time and how important it is for families to achieve a 'digital balance'. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 51 parents of 8-9-year-old children, between July and October 2016...
April 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614272/sun-protection-behaviour-pubertal-development-and-menarche-factors-influencing-the-melanocytic-nevi-development-the-results-of-a-observational-study-on-1512-children
#3
Vincenzo De Giorgi, Alessia Gori, Antonella Greco, Imma Savarese, Barbara Alfaioli, Marta Grazzini, Susanna Rossari, Federica Papi, Federica Scarfì, Agata Janowska, Antonietta D'Errico, Lorenzo Salvati, Piero Covarelli, Sara Gandini
Observational studies consistently show that melanocytic nevus prevalence increases with age and that phenotypic traits are significantly associated with nevus count in children. An observational study of 1512 children and adolescents from 2010 to 2013 was conducted. Study dermatologists counted the full body, arm, and facial nevi of each participant. Children and their parents were asked to complete a survey to gather data on personal characteristics, pubertal development and early-life sun exposure. The main aim of the study was to establish pediatric nevus prevalence and its relationship to age, phenotype, sex, menarche, early-life sun exposure, and sun-protection behaviors...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609931/development-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-a-tool-assessing-hypnotic-communication-behaviours-adopted-by-nurses-caring-for-children-with-cancer-the-sainte-justine-hypnotic-communication-assessment-scale
#4
Jennifer Aramideh, Terry Mizrahi, Marie-Claude Charest, Caroline Plante, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Several studies in pediatric oncology have shown the successful effects of using hypnotic communication techniques (HCTech) during painful medical procedures. Since no studies assessed the precise use of these techniques with a validated tool, it is unsure that the observed relationships involve the use of HCTech. OBJECTIVES: To develop a scale evaluating healthcare professionals' behaviours when using HCTech and to evaluate its inter-rater reliability...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577529/quality-of-life-in-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#5
Patricia Eadie, Laura Conway, Birgit Hallenstein, Fiona Mensah, Cristina McKean, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) is common in children, but little is known about its association with quality of life (QoL) in middle childhood. QoL is a complex construct, aligning with an individual's sense of well-being and is related to functional limitations associated with DLD. Biopsychosocial models of disability account for both the extent and functional limitations of the impairment; however, the DLD literature rarely reports on both aspects. Studies are required that detail QoL in children with and without DLD...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560377/placebo-controlled-crossover-assessment-of-mecasermin-for-the-treatment-of-rett-syndrome
#6
Heather M O'Leary, Walter E Kaufmann, Katherine V Barnes, Kshitiz Rakesh, Kush Kapur, Daniel C Tarquinio, Nicole G Cantwell, Katherine J Roche, Suzanne A Rose, Alexandra C Walco, Natalie M Bruck, Grace A Bazin, Ingrid A Holm, Mark E Alexander, Lindsay C Swanson, Lauren M Baczewski, Juan M Mayor Torres, Charles A Nelson, Mustafa Sahin
Objective: To measure the efficacy of mecasermin (recombinant human insulin-like growth factor 1, rhIGF-1), for treating symptoms of Rett syndrome (RTT) in a pediatric population using a double-blind crossover study design. Methods: Thirty girls with classic RTT in postregression stage were randomly assigned to placebo or rhIGF-1 in treatment period 1 and crossed over to the opposite assignment for period 2 (both 20 weeks), separated by a 28-week washout period...
March 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492050/analyzing-communication-skills-of-pediatric-postgraduate-residents-in-clinical-encounter-by-using-video-recordings
#7
Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
Objective: To analyze communication skills of pediatric postgraduate residents in clinical encounter by using video recordings. Methods: This qualitative exploratory research was conducted through video recording at The Children's Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Residents who had attended the mandatory communication skills workshop offered by CPSP were included. The video recording of clinical encounter was done by a trained audiovisual person while the resident was interacting with the patient in the clinical encounter...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486708/functional-gastrointestinal-diseases-and-psychological-maladjustment-personality-traits-and-quality-of-life
#8
Nishadi Ranasinghe, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Shaman Rajindrajith, Madusanka S Perera, Samudu Nishanthinie, Tania Warnakulasuriya, Piyanjali Thamesha de Zoysa
BACKGROUND: Chronic abdominal pain is a common worldwide problem and known to be associated with psychological problems. This study evaluated the association between abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs), psychological maladjustment and personality traits in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 13-18 years were recruited from 5 randomly selected schools in Ampara district of Sri Lanka. AP-FGIDs were diagnosed using Rome III criteria...
February 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484015/small-dysplastic-congenital-melanocytic-nevi-in-childhood-as-possible-melanoma-imitators
#9
Georgi Tchernev, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Ivan Terziev, Yavor Grigorov, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, José Carlos Cardoso, Irina Yungareva, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov
Small pigmented lesions in children can represent a significant diagnostic challenge. If the diagnostic features and therapeutic approach are relatively well established in large and giant nevi, there is still much controversy regarding small and intermediate-sized congenital pigmented lesions that can lead to significant diagnostic challenges, both clinically and dermoscopically, and consequently to difficulty in defining the optimal approach in such cases. Although dermoscopy can be useful in the diagnosis of pigmented lesions, the diversity of clinical and dermoscopic features of pigmented nevi in children usually hinder the differentiation between them and melanoma...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471987/unique-contributions-of-keraleeya-ayurveda-in-pediatric-health-care
#10
REVIEW
Seetha Chandran, K S Dinesh, B J Patgiri, Prasanth Dharmarajan
Childhood is considered as the most important phase in life, which determines the quality of health, well being, learning and behaviour across the lifespan. This may be the reason for giving the foremost position for Balacikitsa among Ashtangas (8 branches) of Ayurveda. The regional growth of indigenous medicine gave significant contribution for the development of primary health care. Kerala has major contribution of many authentic textbooks of Balacikitsa like Arogyakalpadruma, Vaidya Tarakam etc. These are more practically oriented and it can be considered as a physician's quick reference hand book...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458335/integrated-children-s-clinic-care-iccc-versus-a-self-directed-care-pathway-for-children-with-a-chronic-health-condition-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#11
Thuy Thanh Frakking, John Waugh, Hsien-Jin Teoh, Doug Shelton, Susan Moloney, Donna Ward, Michael David, Matthew Barber, Hannah Carter, Sharon Mickan, Kelly Weir
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic health conditions have better health-related outcomes when their care is managed in a personalised and coordinated way. However, increased demand on Australian ambulatory care hospital services has led to longer waitlist times to access specialists and appropriate intervention services; placing vulnerable children at increased risk of poorer short-term (e.g. social difficulties) and long-term (e.g. convictions) health and social outcomes. Traditional approaches to increasing frequency and service of delivery are expensive and can have minimal impact on caregiver burden...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396310/parent-s-perspectives-on-how-they-cope-with-the-impact-on-their-family-of-a-child-with-heart-disease
#12
Alun C Jackson, Rosemary O Higgins, Erica Frydenberg, Rachel P-T Liang, Barbara M Murphy
PURPOSE: Studies of familial coping with a child's chronic condition have highlighted psychological distress; family functioning; and quality of life; as issues that demand coping strategies. There are conflicting findings on impact and coping and a paucity of information about the specific coping challenges for parents of a child with heart disease, with few qualitative studies in this area. The purpose of the study was to explore the way parents coped with their child's heart condition as it impacted on different domains of family functioning...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364024/clinician-modifiable-factors-associated-with-better-quality-of-life-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-undergoing-rehabilitation
#13
Tim Connell, Julia Paterson, Rachel M Roberts, Parimala Raghavendra, Michael Sawyer, Remo N Russo
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinician-modifiable factors related to quality of life (QOL) in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine children attending an ABI rehabilitation program (5-18 years) were assessed using the Personality Inventory for Children-2, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-2, Handicap-Related Problems for Parents Inventory and Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory was completed by children and parents six months later...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287236/moderators-and-predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-systematic-review
#14
Cynthia Turner, Beth O'Gorman, Archana Nair, Richard O'Kearney
We report a systematic review of moderators of CBT efficacy for pediatric OCD relative to other treatments. CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for RCTs reporting on effect moderation for CBT outcomes. Five studies (N = 365) examined 17 variables with three significant moderators identified. Compared to pill-placebo, CBT monotherapy was not effective for children with a family history of OCD but was for those without a family history. For children with a family history, CBT plus sertraline efficacy was attenuated but remained significant...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274015/correction-to-impact-of-an-electronic-monitoring-device-and-behavioural-feedback-on-adherence-to-multiple-sclerosis-therapies-in-youth-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#15
E Ann Yeh, Stephanie A Grover, Victoria E Powell, Gulay Alper, Brenda L Banwell, Kim Edwards, Mark Gorman, Jennifer Graves, Timothy E Lotze, Jean K Mah, Lauren Mednick, Jayne Ness, Maya Obadia, Ruth Slater, Amy Waldman, Emmanuelle Waubant, Carolyn E Schwartz
The clinicaltrials.gov identifying number for the article titled "Impact of an electronic monitoring device and behavioral feedback on adherence to multiple sclerosis therapies in youth: results of a randomized trial" is NCT02234713 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02234713).
April 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250468/measurement-of-sedentary-behaviour-in-population-health-surveys-a-review-and-recommendations
#16
Stephanie A Prince, Allana G LeBlanc, Rachel C Colley, Travis J Saunders
Background: The purpose of this review was to determine the most valid and reliable questions for targeting key modes of sedentary behaviour (SB) in a broad range of national and international health surveillance surveys. This was done by reviewing the SB modules currently used in population health surveys, as well as examining SB questionnaires that have performed well in psychometric testing. Methods: Health surveillance surveys were identified via scoping review and contact with experts in the field...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#17
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#18
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191235/pediatric-training-and-practice-of-canadian-chiropractic-and-naturopathic-doctors-a-2004-2014-comparative-study
#19
Antony Porcino, Leslie Solomonian, Stephen Zylich, Brian Gluvic, Chantal Doucet, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: To assess chiropractic (DC) and naturopathic doctors' (ND) knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour with respect to the pediatric patients in their practice. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were developed in collaboration with DC and ND educators. Surveys were sent to randomly selected DCs and NDs in Ontario, Canada in 2004, and a national online survey was conducted in 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, non-parametric tests, and linear regression...
December 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169978/-prevalence-of-neurodevelopmental-behavioural-and-learning-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#20
Marta Carballal Mariño, Ana Gago Ageitos, Josefa Ares Alvarez, Mercedes Del Rio Garma, Clara García Cendón, Ana Goicoechea Castaño, Josefina Pena Nieto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in primary care pediatrics in Atlantic Galicia. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in 9 outpatient clinics in A Coruña and Pontevedra with a population of 8293 children between September and November 2015. A total of 1286 randomly selected patients from 0 to 14 years of age were included. From the medical history was registered: age, sex, psychiatric diagnosis established by DSM-IV-TR criteria in its five axes, professionals who participated in the diagnosis and treatment of the process and what type of treatment was received...
November 20, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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