Read by QxMD icon Read

Pediatric behaviour

E Longo, M Masellis, G Fondi, C Cedri, C Debbia, A Pitidis
Accidents and burns are a major problem in Italy and in industrialized countries, due to the consequences they have on health, especially in children aged 0-4 years. In Italy, about 400 people die each year from burns, with over 70% of these occurring in the home. In the European Union, burns are one of the top five causes of death from accidents, accounting for 3% of all deaths from accidents and violence in those age groups. One percent of all deaths in children are due to burns. In this paper, we illustrate the results of qualitative analysis, conducted according to the methodology of content analysis, on narratives included in the anamnesis of clinical papers at the ED in 738 cases of burns in children (0-14 years) observed in a sample of Emergency Departments in the years 2005-2009...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Jared M Tucker, Kathleen Howard, Emily H Guseman, Kimbo E Yee, Heather Saturley, Joey C Eisenmann
BACKGROUND: The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Screening Tool (FNPA) evaluates family behavioural and environmental factors associated with pediatric obesity, but it is unknown if FNPA scores differ among youth across obesity severities. Our aim was to determine the association between the FNPA and obesity severity in youth referred to weight management. METHODS: Upon initiating treatment, height, weight, and the FNPA were collected according to standard procedures...
October 4, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Marie-Doriane Morard, Carole Vuillerot, Mickael Dinomais, St├ęphane Chabrier, Mathilde Chevignard, Kim Bull, Eleni Papathanasiou
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate a French version of the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure - summary of impressions (PSOM-SOI), for application in a population of French children after neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS). The PSOM measures deficiency of body functions and structures. On completion of this examination, the PSOM-SOI was developed containing and scoring 5 subscales: right sensorimotor, left sensorimotor (each with subcategories), language production, language comprehension and cognitive/behavioral...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sabine E Mous, Tonya White, Ryan L Muetzel, Hanan El Marroun, Jolien Rijlaarsdam, Tinca J C Polderman, Vincent W Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Danielle Posthuma, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms have repeatedly been associated with poor cognitive functioning. Genetic studies have demonstrated a shared etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cognitive ability, suggesting a common underlying neurobiology of ADHD and cognition. Further, neuroimaging studies suggest that altered cortical development is related to ADHD. In a large population-based sample we investigated whether cortical morphology, as a potential neurobiological substrate, underlies the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms and cognitive problems...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Bhavika J Patel, Lillian Lai, Gary Goldfield, Renee Sananes, Patricia E Longmuir
Psychosocial health issues are common among children with cardiac diagnoses. Understanding parent and child perceptions is important because parents are the primary health information source. Significant discrepancies have been documented between parent/child quality-of-life data but have not been examined among psychosocial diagnostic instruments. This study examined agreement and discrepancies between parent and child reports of psychosocial health and quality of life in the paediatric cardiology population...
September 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Frank Haessler, Franziska Gaese, Michael Huss, Christoph Kretschmar, Marc Brinkman, Helmut Peters, Samuel Elstner, Michael Colla, David Pittrow
BACKGROUND: As data on the phenotype, characteristics and management of patients with Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) are limited, we aimed to collect such data in Germany in experienced centres involved in the treatment of such patients. METHODS: EXPLAIN-FXS is a prospective observational (non-interventional) study (registry) performed between April 2013 and January 2016 at 18 sites in Germany. Requirements for patient participation included confirmed diagnosis of FXS by genetic testing (>200 CGG repeats) and written informed consent...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Elise Omaki, Wendy C Shields, Eileen McDonald, Mary E Aitken, David Bishai, James Case, Andrea Gielen
BACKGROUND: Although proven measures for reducing injury due to motor vehicle collision and residential fires exist, the number of families properly and consistently using child passenger restraints and smoke alarms remains low. This paper describes the design of the Safety In Seconds (SIS) 2.0 study, which aims to evaluate the impact of a smartphone app on parents' use of child restraints and smoke alarms. METHODS: SIS is a multisite randomised controlled trial...
September 5, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Louk J M J Vanderschuren, E J Marijke Achterberg, Viviana Trezza
In the young of many mammalian species, including humans, a vigorous and highly rewarding social activity is abundantly expressed, known as social play behaviour. Social play is thought to be important for the development of social, cognitive and emotional processes and their neural underpinnings, and it is disrupted in pediatric psychiatric disorders. Here, we summarize recent progress in our understanding of the brain mechanisms of social play behaviour, with a focus on its rewarding properties. Opioid, endocannabinoid, dopamine and noradrenaline systems play a prominent role in the modulation of social play...
November 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Cassie H Lavell, Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Jacinda Cadman
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating mental health disorder, occurring in 1-2% of children and adolescents. Current evidence-based treatments produce promising rates of remission; however, many children and youth do not fully remit from symptoms. The current study explored predictors of treatment response to a group cognitive-behavioural treatment program for pediatric OCD (N=43). Higher levels of child depression and parental rejection at baseline were found to be associated with higher OCD symptoms at post-treatment...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Maria Kaczmarek, Sylwia Trambacz-Oleszak
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between recent stressful life events (SLEs), stress-related symptoms (SRSs), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children beginning primary school. METHODS: A community-based sample of 6- to 8-year-old children (176 boys and 175 girls at baseline) participated in a prospective longitudinal study with three waves of data collection and 1-year interval between subsequent surveys, conducted in the Wielkopolska Province, Poland...
July 27, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Joe MacLellan, Samina Ali, Sarah Curtis, Jason Baserman, Andrew Dixon
OBJECTIVES: Gingivostomatitis is a common, painful pediatric presentation, and yet, few studies are available to guide management. We aimed to describe pediatric emergency physicians' current practice patterns, with respect to analgesic use in children with acute gingivostomatitis, in order to inform future studies. METHODS: A national survey was conducted at all 15 national academic pediatric centres. Electronic surveys were distributed to pediatric emergency physicians using a modified Dillman protocol; non-respondents received paper surveys via post...
July 27, 2016: CJEM
Lara J Farrell, Ella L Oar, Allison M Waters, Harry McConnell, Evelin Tiralongo, Vinay Garbharran, Thomas Ollendick
Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), incorporating exposure and response prevention (ERP), has received strong empirical support for the treatment of paediatric OCD, and moreover, is considered the first line treatment of choice (Geller & March, 2012). However, despite the availability of effective treatments for this chronic and debilitating disorder, only a small proportion of youth receive these evidence-based approaches. The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intensive ERP-based treatment for youth OCD, using a multiple baseline controlled design...
August 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Harleen Hehar, Katrina Yu, Irene Ma, Richelle Mychasiuk
In an attempt to improve current understanding of risk factors that influence individual susceptibility to poor outcomes following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion, this project investigated whether modifications to paternal experiences (Advanced Age (AA) or High-Fat Diet (HFD)) affected offspring susceptibility to behavioral symptomology and changes in gene expression following pediatric concussion in a rodent model. The study demonstrated that paternal treatment prior to conception altered behavioral outcomes and molecular characterization of offspring...
September 22, 2016: Neuroscience
P Fuentes-Pita, C Gomez-Lado, D Dacruz, J Eiris-Punal, A Prieto-Gonzalez, M Castro-Gago
INTRODUCTION: The vagus nerve stimulator is a therapeutic alternative in patients with epilepsy which is refractory to treatment with antiepileptic drugs that are not candidates for surgical resection. AIM: To analyse the effectiveness of vagus nerve stimulator in the paediatric patients of our centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Set of 13 patients implanted between 2008 y 2013. It was registered the frequency of crises prior to implantation, after a year and at the end of the monitoring period...
July 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
G Landuyt, B Dierckx, P F A de Nijs, G C Dieleman
BACKGROUND: Trichotillomania (TTM) is a psychiatric condition that first manifests itself in infancy and adolescence. If untreated, the condition can become chronic. TTM places a considerable burden on the individual patient. The condition is often linked to social isolation and the emergence of somatic and psychiatric comorbidity. Nevertheless, investment in research, particularly in the pharmacotherapeutical area, has been rather limited. AIM: To provide an overview of the phenomenology of TTM, the associated comorbidity and the therapies available for treating this underexposed child psychiatric disorder...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Narvir S Chauhan, Ramesh Bharti, Bal Chander, Satish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Paediatric renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare neoplasm which differs significantly in its clinico-pathological behaviour from the adult variant. The clear cell variant constitutes a relatively small histological subset of this neoplasm. CASE REPORT: We present a very unusual, pathologically proven case of clear cell variety of pediatric RCC which showed invasion into the pelvicalyceal system with contiguous extension up to the urinary bladder. Such a novel manifestation of paediatric RCC has not been described previously in literature...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Rebecca Macklin, Haolu Wang, Dorothy Loo, Sally Martin, Andrew Cumming, Na Cai, Rebecca Lane, Natalia Saenz Ponce, Eleni Topkas, Kerry Inder, Nicholas A Saunders, Liliana Endo-Munoz
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common pediatric bone tumor and is associated with the emergence of pulmonary metastasis. Unfortunately, the mechanistic basis for metastasis remains unclear. Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been shown to play critical roles in cell-to-cell communication and metastatic progression in other cancers, but their role in OS has not been explored. We show that EVs secreted by cells derived from a highly metastatic clonal variant of the KHOS cell line can be internalized by a poorly metastatic clonal variant of the same cell line and induce a migratory and invasive phenotype...
June 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Kelly MacKenzie, Joanne Hancox, Hayley McBain, Daniel G Ezra, Gill Adams, Stanton Newman
BACKGROUND: Strabismus, also known as squint, can have a debilitating effect on a person's self-esteem, quality of life and mood, as well as increase their feelings of social anxiety and avoidance behaviour. Strabismus surgery can improve both the alignment of a person's eyes and, in appropriate cases, relieve symptoms such as double vision. However, evidence indicates that not all patients experience a meaningful improvement in their quality of life postsurgery. Pre-surgical psychosocial interventions have been found to improve patient reported outcomes in other long-term conditions...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"