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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#1
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198971/characteristics-of-feeding-tube-dependency-with-respect-to-food-aversive-behaviour-and-growth
#2
Markus Wilken, Peter Bartmann, Terence M Dovey, Soyhan Bagci
The use of feeding tubes in pediatric medical procedures and management has dramatically increased over the last three decades. With this increase, the prevalence of Feeding Tube Dependency (FTD) - a reliance on enteral feeding following medical recovery due to lack of oral intake of nutrition, despite being able to eat- has increased too. It has been suggested, that cases with FTD show avoidant feeding behaviours such as food refusal, gagging or swallowing resistance, but evidence for this hypothesis is scarce...
November 30, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191235/pediatric-training-and-practice-of-canadian-chiropractic-and-naturopathic-doctors-a-2004-2014-comparative-study
#3
Antony Porcino, Leslie Solomonian, Stephen Zylich, Brian Gluvic, Chantal Doucet, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: To assess chiropractic (DC) and naturopathic doctors' (ND) knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour with respect to the pediatric patients in their practice. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were developed in collaboration with DC and ND educators. Surveys were sent to randomly selected DCs and NDs in Ontario, Canada in 2004, and a national online survey was conducted in 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, non-parametric tests, and linear regression...
December 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169978/-prevalence-of-neurodevelopmental-behavioural-and-learning-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#4
Marta Carballal Mariño, Ana Gago Ageitos, Josefa Ares Alvarez, Mercedes Del Rio Garma, Clara García Cendón, Ana Goicoechea Castaño, Josefina Pena Nieto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in primary care pediatrics in Atlantic Galicia. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in 9 outpatient clinics in A Coruña and Pontevedra with a population of 8293 children between September and November 2015. A total of 1286 randomly selected patients from 0 to 14 years of age were included. From the medical history was registered: age, sex, psychiatric diagnosis established by DSM-IV-TR criteria in its five axes, professionals who participated in the diagnosis and treatment of the process and what type of treatment was received...
November 20, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160828/parent-cardiac-response-in-the-context-of-their-child-s-completion-of-the-cold-pressor-task-a-pilot-study
#5
Kaytlin Constantin, Rachel L Moline, C Meghan McMurtry, Heidi N Bailey
Parents' ability to regulate their emotions is essential to providing supportive caregiving behaviours when their child is in pain. Extant research focuses on parent self-reported experience or observable behavioural responses. Physiological responding, such as heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV), is critical to the experience and regulation of emotions and provides a complementary perspective on parent experience; yet, it is scarcely assessed. This pilot study examined parent (n = 25) cardiac response (HR, HRV) at rest (neutral film clip), immediately before the cold pressor task (pre-CPT), and following the CPT (post-CPT)...
November 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153658/neurological-function-in-children-born-to-preeclamptic-and-hypertensive-mothers-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ernesto A Figueiró-Filho, Lauren E Mak, James N Reynolds, Patrick W Stroman, Graeme N Smith, Nils D Forkert, Angelina Paolozza, Matthew T Rätsep, B Anne Croy
BACKGROUND: Offspring whose mothers developed preeclampsia (PE-F1s) show developmental effects that are now being identified, such as cognitive, behavioural, and mood differences compared to offspring from non-complicated pregnancies. We hypothesize that the progressive angiokine dysregulation associated with development of preeclampsia (PE) reflects gene dysregulation in pre-implantation conceptuses, and manifests in all developing fetal tissues rather than exclusively to the placenta...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987500/evaluating-suspension-formulations-of-theophylline-cocrystals-with-artificial-sweeteners
#7
Srinivasulu Aitipamula, Annie B H Wong, Parijat Kanaujia
Pharmaceutical cocrystals have garnered significant interest as potential solids to address issues associated with formulation development of drug substances. However, studies concerning the understanding of formulation behavior of cocrystals are still at the nascent stage. We present results of our attempts to evaluate suspension formulations of cocrystals of an antiasthmatic drug, theophylline, with 2 artificial sweeteners. Stability, solubility, drug release, and taste of the suspension formulations were evaluated...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983939/the-association-between-pediatric-injury-risks-and-parenting-behaviours
#8
M L Jaques, T L Weaver, N L Weaver, L Willoughby
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children ages 1-18 years. Many of these injuries to young children occur in their own homes. Although research has explored injury risk prevention strategies, historically, much of this research has focused on environmental changes and teaching safety practices. Currently, there appears to be a gap in current research exploring how parenting influences children's risk of injury. METHODS: Mothers (n = 119) of children 5 years and younger were recruited from a paediatric clinic as a part of a larger study and completed measures of parenting challenges, developmentally sensitive parenting, child neglect, parental efficacy, and risk of potential injury situations...
October 6, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946589/what-is-known-about-sexual-health-after-pediatric-acquired-brain-injury-a-scoping-review
#9
Grahame Simpson, Martine Simons-Coghill, Annerley Bates, Caron Gan
BACKGROUND: Positive sexual development is a core task in the transition from childhood/adolescence to adulthood. Little is known about the extent of research addressing this topic after acquired brain injury (ABI). OBJECTIVE: To identify publications (1980 to 2016) addressing positive sexual health among children/adolescents with ABI. METHODS: A scoping review. RESULTS: A search conducted using OVID and PubMed databases yielded 2021 citations with 28 publications meeting the inclusion criteria (six reviews, one expert account, 19 observational and two intervention studies)...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872981/sex-differences-in-outcomes-after-discharge-from-alberta-emergency-departments-for-asthma-a-large-population-based-study
#10
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Maria Ospina, Jingbin Zhang, Richard Leigh, Andrew Cave, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVE: Asthma exacerbations frequently result in emergency department (ED) visits. While sex differences have been identified in some asthma studies, there is a paucity of literature on sex differences in the ED setting, especially population-based ones. This study examines sex differences in important outcomes of patients discharged from EDs for acute asthma in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: Alberta residents aged from 2 to 55 years discharged from EDs with a primary diagnosis of asthma during 1999-2011 were identified from administrative databases from a single-payer health care system for the entire geographic region of Alberta...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832624/pediatric-cryptosporidiosis-an-evaluation-of-health-care-and-societal-costs-in-peru-bangladesh-and-kenya
#11
Ellen R Rafferty, Janna M Schurer, Michael B Arndt, Robert K M Choy, Eugenio L de Hostos, David Shoultz, Marwa Farag
Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of pediatric diarrhea in resource-limited settings; yet, few studies report the health care costs or societal impacts of this protozoan parasite. Our study examined direct and indirect costs associated with symptomatic cryptosporidiosis in infants younger than 12 months in Kenya, Peru and Bangladesh. Inputs to the economic burden model, such as disease incidence, population size, health care seeking behaviour, hospital costs, travel costs, were extracted from peer-reviewed literature, government documents, and internationally validated statistical tools for each country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#12
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744889/health-beliefs-regarding-pediatric-cerebral-palsy-among-caregivers-in-botswana-a-qualitative-study
#13
P Patel, J Baier, E Baranov, E Khurana, C Gambrah-Sampaney, A Johnson, B Monokwane, D R Bearden
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common motor disability worldwide with an incidence of 2.5 per 1,000 births globally. Health beliefs among caregivers may be major drivers of health-related behaviours and service utilization, but little is known regarding health beliefs around CP in Africa. METHODS: Between July 2013 and September 2015, children with CP were identified in Gaborone, Botswana, and their caregivers were invited to participate in a qualitative study utilizing semistructured in-person one-on-one interviews...
July 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701360/multicentre-randomised-clinical-trial-of-paediatric-concussion-assessment-of-rest-and-exertion-pedcare-a-study-to-determine-when-to-resume-physical-activities-following-concussion-in-children
#14
Andrée-Anne Ledoux, Nicholas J Barrowman, Kathy Boutis, Adrienne Davis, Sarah Reid, Gurinder Sangha, Ken J Farion, Kevin Belanger, Mark S Tremblay, Keith Owen Yeates, Carol DeMatteo, Nick Reed, Roger Zemek
INTRODUCTION: Rest until symptom-free, followed by a progressive stepwise return to activities, is often prescribed in the management of paediatric concussions. Recent evidence suggests prolonged rest may hinder recovery, and early resumption of physical activity may be associated with more rapid recovery postconcussion. The primary objective is to determine whether the early reintroduction of non-contact physical activity beginning 72 hours postinjury reduces postconcussive symptoms at 2 weeks in children following an acute concussion as compared with a rest until asymptomatic protocol...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674767/use-of-time-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-10-to-13-year-old-children-not-all-screen-time-or-physical-activity-minutes-are-the-same
#15
Margarita D Tsiros, Michelle G Samaras, Alison M Coates, Timothy Olds
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between aspects of time use and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in youth. METHODS: 239 obese and healthy-weight 10- to 13-year-old Australian children completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) quantifying their health-related quality of life. Time use was evaluated over four days using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents (MARCA), a validated 24 h recall tool. The average number of minutes/day spent in physical activity (divided into sport, active transport and play), screen time (divided into television, videogames and computer use), and sleep were calculated...
November 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657923/long-term-outcomes-of-infliximab-use-for-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-canadian-multicenter-clinical-practice-experience
#16
Jennifer C deBruyn, Kevan Jacobson, Wael El-Matary, Matthew Carroll, Eytan Wine, Iwona Wrobel, Mariel Van Woudenberg, Hien Q Huynh
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term real-world outcomes of infliximab in pediatric Crohn's disease are limited. AIM: To evaluate infliximab optimization and durability in children with Crohn's disease. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of children with Crohn's disease who started infliximab from January 2008-December 2012 in 4 Canadian tertiary-care centers. A priori factors associated with optimization and discontinuation from loss of response were evaluated using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643039/primary-intraventricular-meningiomas-in-children-experience-of-two-cases-with-review-of-literature
#17
Kapil D Muley, Salman T Shaikh, Chandrashekhar E Deopujari, Uday B Andar
Meningiomas are rare in the pediatric age group, more so in the intraventricular location. They arise in the lateral ventricles from the arachnoid cells contained within the choroid plexus, in the third ventricle from the velum interpositum and in the fourth ventricle from the choroids. These tumors are usually large and have an aggressive behaviour. Surgical management of intra-ventricular meningiomas is challenging because of their deep location, large size at presentation and increased vascularity. The authors report two such cases who presented with symptoms of raised intra cranial pressure and on evaluation were found to have associated hydrocephalus...
June 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573672/memo-an-mhealth-intervention-to-prevent-the-onset-of-depression-in-adolescents-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Robyn Whittaker, Karolina Stasiak, Heather McDowell, Iain Doherty, Matthew Shepherd, Shireen Chua, Enid Dorey, Varsha Parag, Shanthi Ameratunga, Anthony Rodgers, Sally Merry
BACKGROUND: Depression often starts in adolescence making it an ideal time to intervene. We developed a universal cognitive behavioural therapy-based programme (MEMO CBT) to be delivered via multimedia mobile phone messages for teens. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled superiority trial in 15 high schools in Auckland, New Zealand, comparing MEMO CBT with a control programme [MEMO control] matched for intensity and type of message but with alternative content not targeting depression...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#19
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493595/empathy-in-paediatric-intensive-care-nurses-part-1-behavioural-and-psychological-correlates
#20
Margot Latimer, Philip L Jackson, Fanny Eugène, Emily MacLeod, Tara Hatfield, Etienne Vachon-Presseau, Pierre-Emmanuel Michon, Kenneth M Prkachin
AIM: To determine if differences exist between paediatric intensive care nurses and allied health professionals in empathy, secondary trauma, burnout, pain exposure and pain ratings of self and others. Early and late career differences were also examined. BACKGROUND: Nurses are routinely exposed to patient pain expression. This work context may make them vulnerable to adverse outcomes such as desensitization to patient pain or a compromise in personal well-being...
November 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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