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competence-based curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660575/development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-clinical-evaluation-tool-for-midwifery-education
#1
Kate Woeber
BACKGROUND: The learning goals and evaluation strategies of competency-based midwifery programs must be explicit and well-defined. In the US, didactic learning is evaluated through a standardized certification examination, but standardized clinical competence evaluation is lacking. DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL: The Midwifery Competency Assessment Tool (MCAT) has been adapted from the International Confederation of Midwives' (ICM) "Essential Competencies" and from the American College of Nurse-Midwives' (ACNM) "Core Competencies", with student self-evaluation based on Benner's Novice-to-Expert theory...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656997/veterinary-parasitology-teaching-at-london-meeting-the-day-one-competency-needs-of-new-veterinarians
#2
Mark Fox, Damer Blake, Dennis Jacobs
Over the past four decades, there has been an exponential increase in veterinary parasitology knowledge, coinciding with the advent of molecular biology in research. Therefore, it is unrealistic for teachers to expect students to graduate with an encyclopaedic knowledge of the subject. As a result, a new curriculum was introduced at The Royal Veterinary College (University of London) in 2007, designed to meet the needs of our new graduates, i.e. RCVS Day-One Competences. The aims of this curriculum are, inter alia, to ensure that new graduates have an up-to-date body of core knowledge and are able to apply such knowledge and newly-acquired information to scientific and clinical problem-solving...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652562/serious-gaming-a-tool-to-educate-health-care-providers-about-domestic-violence
#3
Robin Mason, Linda Turner
Due to the adverse health effects, victims of domestic violence are frequently seen in the health care system. Yet, health care providers may lack the training to assist them. Online curricula can be an effective instructional tool. Our competency-based, serious video game, Responding to Domestic Violence in Clinical Settings, was designed to address health care providers' knowledge gaps through 17 modules, each a half hour in length. Nearly 9,000 participants completed at least one module; nursing students completed the most modules, approximately five hours of instruction...
April 13, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#4
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614110/the-art-and-science-of-selecting-graduate-students-in-the-biomedical-sciences-performance-in-doctoral-study-of-the-foundational-sciences
#5
Hee-Young Park, Oren Berkowitz, Karen Symes, Shoumita Dasgupta
The goal of this study was to investigate associations between admissions criteria and performance in Ph.D. programs at Boston University School of Medicine. The initial phase of this project examined student performance in the classroom component of a newly established curriculum named "Foundations in Biomedical Sciences (FiBS)". Quantitative measures including undergraduate grade point average (GPA), graduate record examination (GRE; a standardized, computer-based test) scores for the verbal (assessment of test takers' ability to analyze, evaluate, and synthesize information and concepts provided in writing) and quantitative (assessment of test takers' problem-solving ability) components of the examination, previous research experience, and competitiveness of previous research institution were used in the study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608423/integrating-student-focused-career-planning-into-undergraduate-gerontology-programs
#6
Margaret M Manoogian, Melissa L Cannon
As our global older adult populations are increasing, university programs are well-positioned to produce an effective, gerontology-trained workforce (Morgan, 2012; Silverstein & Fitzgerald, 2017). A gerontology curriculum comprehensively can offer students an aligned career development track that encourages them to: (a) learn more about themselves as a foundation for negotiating career paths; (b) develop and refine career skills; (c) participate in experiential learning experiences; and (d) complete competency-focused opportunities...
April 2, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603003/validity-evidence-for-procedural-competency-in-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-establishing-a-credible-pass-fail-standard-for-the-vaginal-cuff-closure-procedure
#7
Lisette Hvid Hovgaard, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Lars Konge, Torur Dalsgaard, Christian Rifbjerg Larsen
BACKGROUND: The use of robotic surgery for minimally invasive procedures has increased considerably over the last decade. Robotic surgery has potential advantages compared to laparoscopic surgery but also requires new skills. Using virtual reality (VR) simulation to facilitate the acquisition of these new skills could potentially benefit training of robotic surgical skills and also be a crucial step in developing a robotic surgical training curriculum. The study's objective was to establish validity evidence for a simulation-based test for procedural competency for the vaginal cuff closure procedure that can be used in a future simulation-based, mastery learning training curriculum...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581045/consensus-views-on-the-optimum-training-curriculum-for-advanced-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-delphi-study
#8
Mina Awad, Fady Awad, Fiona Carter, Bethan Jervis, Sonja Buzink, Jake Foster, Jack Jakimowicz, Nader K Francis
INTRODUCTION: There has been a wide uptake in the use of Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) globally across different surgical specialties. Whilst evidence exists for a structured training curriculum for basic laparoscopic surgery, there is little agreement on a complete framework for an advanced MIS training curriculum, defining the essential elements of the curriculum including the optimal assessment methods. The aim of this study is to obtain a consensus on the essential elements of a training curriculum for advanced MIS...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578514/mechanical-ventilation-boot-camp-curriculum
#9
Jennifer Yee, Alma Benner, Jared Hammond, Bethany Malone, Charles Fuenning, Richard George, Rami A Ahmed
Medical management of mechanically ventilated patients is challenging to novice providers. Incorrect management of this population may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. A three-day simulation-based boot camp serves to provide one-on-one instruction with a critical care provider. These intensivists may dispense personalized immediate feedback as learners engage in hands-on practice with a real mechanical ventilator. Multiple different pathologies can be reviewed that may not be encountered in the clinical setting...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578351/endoscopy-and-sedation-an-inseparable-binomial-for-the-gastroenterologist
#10
Javier Crespo, Álvaro Terán
The development of endoscopy and its increasing demand among the population have led to a growing need for propofol-based sedation techniques. Benefit is indisputable for both patients and endoscopists, but some aspects require considering the "who" and "how" of sedation as related to safety and health care costs. Propofol is first-choice in endoscopy for the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy because of its fast onset of action and short half-life, and many reports exist on its safety when used by gastroenterologists rather than anesthesiologists...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577508/curriculum-for-neurogastroenterology-and-motility-training-a-report-from-the-joint-anms-esnm-task-force
#11
REVIEW
C P Gyawali, E Savarino, A Lazarescu, S Bor, A Patel, R Dickman, A Pressman, A M Drewes, J Rosen, V Drug, M Saps, L Novais, M Vazquez-Roque, D Pohl, M A L van Tilburg, A Smout, S Yoon, J Pandolfino, G Farrugia, G Barbara, S Roman
Although neurogastroenterology and motility (NGM) disorders are some of the most frequent disorders encountered by practicing gastroenterologists, a structured competency-based training curriculum developed by NGM experts is lacking. The American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society (ANMS) and the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (ESNM) jointly evaluated the components of NGM training in North America and Europe. Eleven training domains were identified within NGM, consisting of functional gastrointestinal disorders, visceral hypersensitivity and pain pathways, motor disorders within anatomic areas (esophagus, stomach, small bowel and colon, anorectum), mucosal disorders (gastro-esophageal reflux disease, other mucosal disorders), consequences of systemic disease, consequences of therapy (surgery, endoscopic intervention, medications, other therapy), and transition of pediatric patients into adult practice...
March 25, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575657/consensus-on-procedures-to-include-in-a-simulation-based-curriculum-in-ophthalmology-a-national-delphi-study
#12
Ann Sofia Skou Thomsen, Morten la Cour, Charlotte Paltved, Karen Gilboe Lindorff-Larsen, Bjørn Ulrik Nielsen, Lars Konge, Leizl Joy Nayahangan
PURPOSE: The number of available simulation-based models for technical skills training in ophthalmology is rapidly increasing, and development of training programmes around these procedures should follow a structured approach. The aim of this study was to identify all technical procedures that should be integrated in a simulation-based curriculum in ophthalmology. METHODS: Key opinion leaders involved in the education of ophthalmologists in Denmark including heads of departments, heads of clinical education, professors and board members of the society were invited to participate in a three-round Delphi process...
March 25, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573429/assessing-nontechnical-skills-in-otolaryngology-emergencies-through-simulation-based-training
#13
Kitty Y Wu, Stephanie Kim, Kevin Fung, Kathryn Roth
OBJECTIVE: Nontechnical skills (NTS) are essential to emergency crisis management. Due to the rarity of true emergencies, they are challenging to teach and assess within a competency-based curriculum. Our purpose is to evaluate the utility of the Non-Technical Skills in Surgery (NOTSS) scale in NTS assessment in simulated otolaryngology and head and neck surgery (OTO-HNS) emergencies and identify common challenges that residents encounter. METHODS: Mixed methods analysis of 15 junior OTO-HNS resident teams in four simulated emergency scenarios...
March 24, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#14
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565110/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-9-education-and-continuous-professional-development-shaping-the-future-of-prm
#15
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with the education of PRM physicians in Europe. To acquire the wide field of competence needed, specialists in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine have to undergo a well organised and appropriately structured training of adequate duration. In fact they are required to develop not only medical knowledge, but also competence in patient care, specific procedural skills, and attitudes towards interpersonal relationship and communication, profound understanding of the main principles of medical ethics and public health, ability to apply policies of care and prevention for disabled people, capacity to master strategies for reintegration of disabled people into society, apply principles of quality assurance and promote a practice-based continuous professional development...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564849/collaborating-for-competency-a-model-for-single-electronic-health-record-onboarding-for-medical-students-rotating-among-separate-health-systems
#16
Anne G Pereira, Michael Kim, Marcus Seywerd, Brooke Nesbitt, Michael B Pitt
BACKGROUND: Use of the electronic health record (EHR) is widespread in academic medical centers, and hands-on EHR experience in medical school is essential for new residents to be able to meaningfully contribute to patient care. As system-specific EHR training is not portable across institutions-even when the same EHR platform is used-students rotating across health systems are often required to spend time away from clinical training to complete each system's, often duplicative, EHR training regardless of their competency within the EHR...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563847/development-of-new-core-competencies-for-taiwanese-emergency-medical-technicians
#17
Yu-Tung Chang, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Brett Williams
Objectives: Core competencies are considered the foundation for establishing Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and paramedic curricula, and for ensuring performance standards in the delivery of prehospital care. This study surveyed EMT instructors and medical directors to identify the most desirable core competencies for all levels of EMTs in Taiwan. Methods: A principal components analysis with Varimax rotation was conducted. An online questionnaire was distributed to obtain perspectives of EMT instructors and medical directors on the most desirable core competencies for EMTs...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559129/teaching-parasitology-in-a-modular-veterinary-curriculum-the-vienna-experience
#18
Anja Joachim, Barbara Hinney, Georg Duscher, Ingrid Preusche, Petra Winter
In a changing world with rapidly evolving new technologies, even in the "sheltered world" of teachers and lecturers at universities, we are challenged by new developments. As diversification is increasing in many aspects of our professional life, there is also a need to employ new ways of teaching, learning and assessments in veterinary curricula, taking into account the increasing numbers of students and limited teaching resources. The "classical" Austrian veterinary curriculum, with a series of consecutive lectures followed by practical courses in the different disciplines, separated from each other in the curricular time table and by annual examinations, has been a long-standing concept for teaching in the past...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547446/long-term-retention-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-during-residency
#19
Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544650/entrustable-professional-activities-for-quality-and-patient-safety
#20
Laura M Wagner, Mary A Dolansky, Robert Englander
BACKGROUND: Further efforts are warranted to identify innovative approaches to best implement competencies in nursing education. To bridge the gap between competency-based education, practice, and implementation of knowledge, skills, and attitudes, one emerging approach is entrustable professional activities (EPAs). PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to introduce the concept of EPAs as a framework for curriculum and assessment in graduate nursing education and training...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Outlook
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