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competence-based curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037334/an-international-curriculum-for-neuropsychiatry-and-behavioural-neurology
#2
Perminder Sachdev, Adith Mohan
With major advances in neuroscience in the last three decades, there is an emphasis on understanding disturbances in thought, behaviour and emotion in terms of their neuroscientific underpinnings. While psychiatry and neurology, both of which deal with brain diseases, have a historical standing as distinct disciplines, there has been an increasing need to have a combined neuropsychiatric approach to deal with many conditions and disorders. Additionally, there is a body of disorders and conditions that warrants the skills sets and knowledge bases of both disciplines...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985385/evaluating-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-diabetes-prevention-engaging-the-community-through-talking-circles-and-knowledge-translation-of-results
#3
Maedeh Khayyat Kholghi, Gillian Bartlett, Morgan Phillips, Jon Salsberg, Alex M McComber, Ann C Macaulay
Background: Kahnawà:ke is a Kanien'kehá:ka (Mohawk) community in Quebec, Canada. In 1997, the community-controlled Kateri Memorial Hospital Centre in partnership with the Kahnawake Education Center, and the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) developed an elementary school diabetes prevention health education program, aimed to increase knowledge of Type 2 diabetes, healthy eating and active lifestyles. Long-term goals for KSDPP community and school interventions are to decrease obesity and diabetes...
July 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983767/psychiatric-management-administration-and-leadership-a-continuum-or-distinct-concepts
#4
REVIEW
Sy Atezaz Saeed, Stuart Silver, Victor J A Buwalda, Eindra Khin Khin, Jorge R Petit, Farooq Mohyuddin, Pamela Weinberg, Joseph P Merlino, Nena Lekwauwa, Saul Levin
To clarify the relationship between the concepts of management, administration, and leadership in psychiatry. The authors provide a review of the conceptual evolution of administrative psychiatry and develop operational definitions of these three domains. Based upon their experiences, they discuss relevant core competencies and personal attributes. The authors found that the terms psychiatric management, psychiatric administration, and psychiatric leadership are often used interchangeably, yet they each have a different and distinct focus...
October 6, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982353/indigenous-health-designing-a-clinical-orientation-program-valued-by-learners
#5
Tania Huria, Suetonia Palmer, Lutz Beckert, Cameron Lacey, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: Indigenous health programs are seen as a curriculum response to addressing health disparities and social accountability. Several interrelated teaching approaches to cultural competency curricula have been recommended, however evidence of the impact of these on learner outcomes including engagement and self-reported competencies is limited. We aimed to explore undergraduate medical student perspectives of an indigenous health orientation program to inform curriculum strategies that promote learning and development of clinical skills...
October 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970441/competence-based-pharmacy-education-in-the-university-of-helsinki
#6
Nina Katajavuori, Outi Salminen, Katariina Vuorensola, Helena Huhtala, Pia Vuorela, Jouni Hirvonen
In order to meet the expectations to act as an expert in the health care profession, it is of utmost importance that pharmacy education creates knowledge and skills needed in today's working life. Thus, the planning of the curriculum should be based on relevant and up-to-date learning outcomes. In the University of Helsinki, a university wide curriculum reform called 'the Big Wheel' was launched in 2015. After the reform, the basic degrees of the university are two-cycle (Bachelor-Master) and competence-based, where the learning outcomes form a solid basis for the curriculum goals and implementation...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970437/are-we-ready-to-implement-competence-based-teaching-in-pharmacy-education-in-poland
#7
Agnieszka Skowron, Justyna Dymek, Anna Gołda, Wioletta Polak
Pharmacists in Poland are responsible for the dispensing and quality control of pharmaceuticals. The education process in pharmacy is regulated and monitored at the national level. Pharmacy education at Jagiellonian University is organized in a traditional way based on input and content teaching. The aim of the study was to determinate whether the Jagiellonian University curriculum in the Pharmacy program meets the criteria of the European Competence Framework. The mapping of the intended curriculum was done by four academic teachers...
May 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970422/implementation-of-competency-based-pharmacy-education-cbpe
#8
REVIEW
Andries Koster, Tom Schalekamp, Irma Meijerman
Implementation of competency-based pharmacy education (CBPE) is a time-consuming, complicated process, which requires agreement on the tasks of a pharmacist, commitment, institutional stability, and a goal-directed developmental perspective of all stakeholders involved. In this article the main steps in the development of a fully-developed competency-based pharmacy curriculum (bachelor, master) are described and tips are given for a successful implementation. After the choice for entering into CBPE is made and a competency framework is adopted (step 1), intended learning outcomes are defined (step 2), followed by analyzing the required developmental trajectory (step 3) and the selection of appropriate assessment methods (step 4)...
February 21, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970419/a-curriculum-challenge-the-need-for-outcome-competence-descriptors
#9
Ieva Stupans
Some outcomes around, for example, communication have been extensively theorised; others such as accountability have been relatively neglected in the teaching and learning literature. The question therefore is: if we do not have a clear understanding of the outcome, can we systematically apply good practice principles in course design such that students are able to achieve the outcomes the community and the profession expect? This paper compares and contrasts the literature around competency outcomes regarding students' communication skills and the development of accountability and proposes a model to guide the selection of teaching and assessment approaches for accountability, based on the students' sphere of influence...
February 17, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970415/from-learning-to-decision-making-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-steered-journal-club
#10
Sherine Ismail, Sara Al Khansa, Mohammed Aseeri, Hani Alhamdan, K H Mujtaba Quadri
Journal clubs have been traditionally incorporated into academic training programs to enhance competency in the interpretation of literature. We designed a structured journal club (JC) to improve skills in the interpretation of literature; however, we were not aware of how learners (interns, residents, clinical pharmacists, etc.) would perceive it. We aimed to assess the perception of learners at different levels of pharmacy training. A cross-sectional design was used. A self-administered online survey was emailed to JC attendees from 2010-2014 at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967423/implementation-of-a-novel-portfolio-of-structured-curriculum-aligned-simulation-based-cardiothoracic-surgery-training-courses-evolving-the-delivery-of-surgical-education
#11
Narain Moorjani, Michael Lewis, Rajesh Shah, Sion Barnard, Tim Graham, Sridhar Rathinam
OBJECTIVE: The provision of high-quality cardiothoracic surgical training faces many challenges. This has generated an increased interest in simulation-based learning, which can provide a less stressful environment for deliberate practice. We developed a comprehensive, structured program of knowledge and simulation-based learning aligned to the official cardiothoracic surgery curriculum. METHODS: A portfolio of 10 curriculum-aligned training courses was designed for cardiothoracic surgical trainees during their 6-year training program...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955667/integrating-behavioral-and-social-sciences-components-into-a-competency-based-md-program-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-on-opinions-of-faculty-members
#12
Shahnam Sedigh Maroufi, Shoaleh Bigdeli, Ladan Fata, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi
Background: Behavioral, social, psychological and biological factors influence health and disease; and, to achieve professional competency, physicians should be knowledgeable about their society and its inhabitants' behavior. This knowledge will help physicians to become competent in communication, professional behavior, self-awareness, ethical reasoning, and understanding cultural and social differences. In this regard, this research is an attempt to explore perspectives of medical faculty members on necessity of integrating Behavioral and Social Sciences (BSS) components into the medical curriculum...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953569/description-and-early-outcomes-of-a-comprehensive-curriculum-redesign-at-the-northwestern-university-feinberg-school-of-medicine
#13
Heather L Heiman, Celia L O'Brien, Raymond H Curry, Marianne M Green, James F Baker, Robert F Kushner, John X Thomas, Thomas C Corbridge, Julia F Corcoran, Joshua M Hauser, Patricia M Garcia
In 2012, the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine launched a redesigned curriculum addressing the four primary recommendations in the 2010 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching report on reforming medical education. This new curriculum provides a more standardized evaluation of students' competency achievement through a robust portfolio review process coupled with standard evaluations of medical knowledge and clinical skills. It individualizes learning processes through curriculum flexibility, enabling students to take electives earlier and complete clerkships in their preferred order...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953297/training-experiences-of-family-medicine-residents-on-behavioral-health-rotations
#14
Max Zubatsky, Jay Brieler, Christine Jacobs
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although accreditation guidelines for residency in family medicine include behavioral health curriculum, little is known about resident learning activities in real world training. Our study explored residents' perceptions about and exposure to specific activities during their behavioral health rotations. METHODS: Family medicine residents (N=84) recruited via faculty list serves completed a survey about their experiences during behavioral health rotations...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950855/repeated-testing-improves-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-approach-for-risk-competence-training-of-medical-students-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
C Spreckelsen, J Juenger
BACKGROUND: Adequate estimation and communication of risks is a critical competence of physicians. Due to an evident lack of these competences, effective training addressing risk competence during medical education is needed. Test-enhanced learning has been shown to produce marked effects on achievements. This study aimed to investigate the effect of repeated tests implemented on top of a blended learning program for risk competence. METHODS: We introduced a blended-learning curriculum for risk estimation and risk communication based on a set of operationalized learning objectives, which was integrated into a mandatory course "Evidence-based Medicine" for third-year students...
September 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940970/enabling-honest-reflection-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Naomi Gostelow, Faye Gishen
BACKGROUND: Reflective practice provides a backbone to professionalism, a commitment to lifelong learning and competency-based education in the form of reflective portfolios. Changes in health care culture have promoted a move towards openness and reflection on challenging clinical encounters. ISSUE: Engagement with reflection has historically proved challenging to clinical educators. This Faculty Development Review examines this using a case study from the UK in which a postgraduate trainee was asked to disclose their reflective portfolio by a patient's legal representation...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#17
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931497/use-of-simulation-based-on-an-electronic-health-records-environment-to-evaluate-the-structure-and-accuracy-of-notes-generated-by-medical-scribes-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Robert Pranaat, Vishnu Mohan, Megan O'Reilly, Maxwell Hirsh, Karess McGrath, Gretchen Scholl, Deborah Woodcock, Jeffrey A Gold
BACKGROUND: The increasing adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) has been associated with a number of unintended negative consequences with provider efficiency and job satisfaction. To address this, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of medical scribes to perform many of the required EHR functions. Despite this rapid growth, little has been published on the training or assessment tools to appraise the safety and efficacy of scribe-related EHR activities. Given the number of reports documenting that other professional groups suffer from a number of performance errors in EHR interface and data gathering, scribes likely face similar challenges...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928347/improving-breastfeeding-medicine-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-student-survey-and-extensive-curriculum-review-with-suggestions-for-improvement
#19
Anna J Gary, Erin E Birmingham, Laurie B Jones
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education should be incorporated routinely into medical school curricula. Despite strong evidence supporting exclusive breastfeeding of infants, lack of physician education has continued to undermine the practice of breastfeeding. Protecting and supporting breastfeeding should be a public health priority as it has the potential to save billions of dollars in health care and also provide the most benefit to the newborn infant. The purpose of this article was to evaluate how the United States undergraduate medical institution incorporates breastfeeding medicine into its curriculum and to suggest modifications that will improve breastfeeding education at all undergraduate medical institutions...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927332/qualitative-and-quantitative-feedback-in-the-context-of-competency-based-education
#20
Ara Tekian, Christopher J Watling, Trudie E Roberts, Yvonne Steinert, John Norcini
Research indicates the importance and usefulness of feedback, yet with the shift of medical curricula toward competencies, feedback is not well understood in this context. This paper attempts to identify how feedback fits within a competency-based curriculum. After careful consideration of the literature, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) Because feedback is predicated on assessment, the assessment should be designed to optimize and prevent inaccuracies in feedback; (2) Giving qualitative feedback in the form of a conversation would lend credibility to the feedback, address emotional obstacles and create a context in which feedback is comfortable; (3) Quantitative feedback in the form of individualized data could fulfill the demand for more feedback, help students devise strategies on how to improve, allow students to compare themselves to their peers, recognizing that big data have limitations; and (4) Faculty development needs to incorporate and promote cultural and systems changes with regard to feedback...
September 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
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