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Curriculum competence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811044/learning-how-to-teach-one-a-needs-assessment-of-the-state-of-faculty-development-within-the-consortium-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-accredited-education-institutes
#1
John T Paige, Nehal N Khamis, Jeffrey B Cooper
BACKGROUND: Developing faculty competencies in curriculum development, teaching, and assessment using simulation is critical for the success of the Consortium of the American College of Surgeons Accredited Education Institutes program. The state of and needs for faculty development in the Accredited Education Institute community are unknown currently. The Faculty Development Committee of the Consortium of the Accredited Education Institutes conducted a survey of Accredited Education Institutes to ascertain what types of practices are used currently, with what frequency, and what needs are perceived for further programs and courses to guide the plan of action for the Faculty Development Committee...
August 12, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807132/primary-health-care-workers-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-depression-and-its-management-in-the-mehpric-p-project-lagos-nigeria
#2
Abiodun O Adewuya, Tomilola Adewumi, Bolanle Ola, Olayinka Abosede, Abiodun Oyeneyin, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perceived challenges and attitude of primary health care (PHC) workers in Lagos to depression and its management in the PHC. METHODS: Health workers (n=607) from 49 "flagship" PHCs in Lagos were evaluated for their level of knowledge, experience, competence, attitude and perceived challenges to managing depression in the primary care using a case vignette. RESULTS: More than half (56.2%) of the health workers correctly diagnosed depression...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807104/understanding-practitioner-professionalism-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-lessons-from-student-and-registrar-placements-at-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service
#3
Deborah A Askew, Vivian J Lyall, Shaun C Ewen, David Paul, Melissa Wheeler
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to be pathologised in medical curriculum, leaving graduates feeling unequipped to effectively work cross-culturally. These factors create barriers to culturally safe health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this pilot pre-post study, the learning experiences of seven medical students and four medical registrars undertaking clinical placements at an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare service in 2014 were followed...
August 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#4
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803630/evaluation-of-the-training-capacity-of-the-spanish-resident-book-of-otolaryngology-formir-as-an-electronic-portfolio
#5
Juan Manuel Maza Solano, Gustavo Benavente Bermudo, Francisco José Estrada Molina, Jesús Ambrosiani Fernández, Serafín Sánchez Gómez
BACKGROUND: and objectives We have evaluated the training capacity of the Spanish resident training book as an electronic portfolio to achieve the learning objectives of otorhinolaryngology (ENT) residents. METHODS: A multi-method qualitative investigation with transversal characteristics, temporal and retrospective guidance was performed on Spanish ENT residents using a structured questionnaire, a semi-structured interview, and a computer application on the FORMIR website...
August 10, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800999/promoting-palliative-care-internationally-building-leaders-to-promote-education-practice-and-advocacy
#6
Pam Malloy, Betty Ferrell, Rose Virani, Polly Mazanec
In February 2000, nine nursing educators, practitioners, and researchers met in Nashville, TN to develop a palliative care curriculum specifically for nurses. The following month, twenty-two advisors from nursing organizations across the United States convened in Washington, DC to review the recommended curriculum development and dissemination plans for end-of-life care throughout nursing schools, hospitals, hospices, homecare, and geriatric settings. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided funding for curriculum and competency development and for 6 national train-the-trainer courses to be held from 2001 to 2003...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#7
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795905/challenges-in-preparing-veterinarians-for-global-animal-health-understanding-the-public-sector
#8
Paul J Hollier, Kaylee A Quinn, Corrie C Brown
Understanding of global systems is essential for veterinarians seeking to work in realms outside of their national domain. In the global system, emphasis remains on the public sector, and the current curricular emphasis in developed countries is on private clinical practice for the domestic employment market. There is a resulting lack of competency at graduation for effective engagement internationally. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has created standards for public sector operations in animal health, which must be functional to allow for sustainable development...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795580/pilot-study-of-an-interprofessional-palliative-care-curriculum-course-content-and-participant-reported-learning-gains
#9
Helene Starks, Heather Coats, Tia Paganelli, Larry Mauksch, Eileen van Schaik, Taryn Lindhorst, Caroline Hurd, Ardith Doorenbos
CONTEXT: The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines recommend that palliative care clinicians work together as interprofessional teams. We created and piloted a 9-month curriculum that focused on 3 related domains: (1) patient-centered, narrative communication skills; (2) interprofessional team practice; and (3) metrics and systems integration. The multifaceted curriculum was delivered through 16 webinars, 8 online modules, 4 in-person workshops, reflective skill practice, written reflections, and small group online discussions...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793799/undergraduate-dermatology-education-in-canada-a-national-survey
#10
Angela Hu, Ron Vender
BACKGROUND: Canadian dermatology curriculum was reviewed in 1983, 1987, 1996, and 2008. All these surveys highlighted the disproportionately low level of dermatology teaching in relation to the significant amount of skin disease seen by physicians. Since the official adoption and dissemination of the Canadian Professors of Dermatology (CPD) core curriculum and competencies, there has been no assessment of how these changes have influenced dermatology curriculum. OBJECTIVE: This survey gathered information on the current status of undergraduate dermatology education across Canadian medical schools...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780949/positioning-end-of-life-care-education-within-the-pre-registration-therapeutic-radiography-curriculum-a-survey-of-current-practices-amongst-uk-higher-education-institutions
#11
N White
AIM: It is essential that all health professionals who come into contact with patients with terminal diagnoses are equipped to effectively and competently provide end of life care. This study aims to investigate the manner in which Higher Education Institutions address this requirement with their programmes of pre-registration therapeutic radiography education. METHOD: A structured survey was administered electronically to all UK universities with responsibility for therapeutic radiography education...
September 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780327/imaging-appropriateness-in-an-academic-emergency-medicine-program
#12
Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Majid Shojaee, Hamid Kariman, Ali Shahrami, Sarah Abolmaali
INTRODUCTION: As radiologic assessment is a key part in evaluating patients visited in emergency department, this survey was conducted to measure emergency medicine residents' competency in choosing appropriate diagnostic imaging in different clinical scenarios. METHODS: All emergency medicine residents enrolled in an academic emergency medicine discipline in the three medical universities of Tehran, Iran were recruited. A questionnaire was designed consisting of 10 clinically common scenarios selected from the American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria...
August 3, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768363/implementing-entrustable-professional-activities-the-yellow-brick-road-towards-competency-based-training
#13
David Moore, Christopher J Young, Jonathan Hong
BACKGROUND: We describe implementation of competency-based postgraduate surgical training, using an entrustable professional activities (EPAs) programme. The programme aims to improve patient outcomes by optimizing supervision of surgical trainees, creating opportunities for additional teaching and feedback. The curriculum was designed to maximize feasibility for implementation within a colorectal surgical department. METHODS: The curriculum was developed using previously described methods by consensus between two consultants within the department...
August 2, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767540/interprofessional-competency-toolkit-for-internationally-educated-health-professionals-evaluation-and-pilot-testing
#14
Mubashir Arain, Esther Suter, Shelanne Hepp, Shyama Nanayakkara, Elizabeth L Harrison, Grace Mickelson, Lesley Bainbridge, Ruby E Grymonpre
INTRODUCTION: Internationally Educated Health Professionals (IEHPs) constitute a major health care workforce in Canada. Interprofessional education is particularly important for IEHPs to integrate into the Canadian health care system. We designed an online interprofessional education curriculum for IEHPs. The curriculum is designed to cover the six interprofessional competency domains defined in the Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative National Interprofessional Competency Framework...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767496/situating-remediation-accommodating-success-and-failure-in-medical-education-systems
#15
Rachel H Ellaway, Calvin L Chou, Adina L Kalet
There has been a widespread shift to competency-based medical education (CBME) in the United States and Canada. Much of the CBME discourse has focused on the successful learner, with relatively little attention paid to what happens in CBME systems when learners stumble or fail. Emerging issues, such as the well-documented problem of "failure to fail" and concerns about litigious learners, have highlighted a need for well-defined and integrated frameworks to support and guide strategic approaches to the remediation of struggling medical learners...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765459/clinical-and-community-based-education-in-u-s-dental-schools
#16
Frank W Licari, Caswell A Evans
This review of U.S. dental schools' clinical curricula suggests that the basic structure of clinical education has not changed significantly in the past 60 years, although important developments include the introduction of competency-based education and community-based clinical education. Most dental schools still have a two-year preclinical curriculum and a two-year clinical curriculum, and most schools still operate a large clinical facility where students receive the bulk of their clinical education and assessment for graduation...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765443/integration-of-digital-dentistry-into-a-predoctoral-implant-program-program-description-rationale-and-utilization-trends
#17
Fatemeh S Afshari, Cortino Sukotjo, Maria F Alfaro, Jeri McCombs, Stephen D Campbell, Kent L Knoernschild, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan
A recently revised predoctoral implant curriculum at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry integrated digital dentistry into both the preclinical dental implant course and clinical activities. Traditionally, competence in the didactic and clinical parts of predoctoral education in single tooth implant restorations has emphasized the analog impression technique and subsequent mounting of soft tissue working casts. However, computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) implant restorations can play a significant role in predoctoral dental education utilizing digital technologies...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765440/teaching-cultural-competence-in-dental-education-a-systematic-review-and-exploration-of-implications-for-indigenous-populations-in-australia
#18
REVIEW
Cathryn J Forsyth, Michelle J Irving, Marc Tennant, Stephanie D Short, John A Gilroy
Indigenous and other minority populations worldwide experience higher rates of disease including poor oral health than other populations. Cultural competence of practitioners is increasingly being recognized as fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing these disparities. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review of the literature about teaching cultural competence in dental education and to explore the particular relevance of that teaching for the oral health care of Indigenous populations in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762305/promoting-community-conversations-about-research-to-end-suicide-learning-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-a-training-of-trainers-model-to-facilitate-grassroots-community-health-education-to-address-indigenous-youth-suicide-prevention
#19
Lisa Wexler, Lucas Trout, Suzanne Rataj, Tanya Kirk, Roberta Moto, Diane McEachern
Alaska Native (AN) youth suicide remains a substantial and recalcitrant health disparity, especially in rural/remote communities. Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) is a community health intervention that responds to the need for culturally responsive and evidence-supported prevention practice, using a grassroots approach to spark multilevel and community-based efforts for suicide prevention. This paper describes theoretical and practical considerations of the approach, and assesses the feasibility and preliminary learning and behavioural outcomes of the training-of-trainers model...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759514/postgraduate-emergency-nurse-practitioner-fellowships-opportunities-for-specialty-education
#20
Susanna Rudy, Jennifer Wilbeck
Specialty trained emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs) can meet the demands of an unpredictable emergency care environment within an overburdened health care system. Although existing literature supports fellowship training as a method for bridging academic knowledge with clinical experiences for the novice nurse practitioner, the currently available emergency care postgraduate fellowship programs are inconsistent in approach. Building upon descriptive data provided by the existing 9 postgraduate ENP fellowship programs, a comparison and gap analysis of program content was conducted to identify perceived standards for ENP specialty education and the congruence with published ENP competencies...
July 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
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