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Curriculum competence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#1
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078919/cultural-competence-in-medical-education-a-questionnaire-study-of-danish-medical-teachers-perceptions-of-and-preparedness-to-teach-cultural-competence
#2
Janne Sorensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Marie Norredam, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: The cultural competence training of healthcare professionals is a key element in ensuring the quality of both the access and delivery of healthcare to increasingly ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study is to investigate Danish medical teachers' opinions about cultural competence, their willingness to receive training and preparedness to teach cultural competence topics. METHODS: The survey was sent to medical teachers, clinical teachers and external lecturers who teach in the medical programme at the University of Copenhagen...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076588/-essential-competencies-in-training-in-obstetrics
#3
Sebastião Junior Henrique Duarte, Richardson Miranda Machado
Objective: Analyze international reports related to training in obstetrics and present guidelines to help leading educational institutions to develop curriculum guidelines for the teaching of obstetrics and advanced nursing practice in this specialty. Methods: A narrative review was conducted of documents from the World Health Organization and the International Confederation of Midwives. The search used the descriptors midwifery and education. All official reports that guide midwife education policies, published from 2009 to 2015 in English and Spanish, and available online, were included...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074720/-registration-of-assessments-in-orthopaedic-residents-portfolios-is-falling-short
#4
S N van Vendeloo, P L P Brand, B J Burger, R G H H Nelissen, S K Bulstra, C C P M Verheyen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the number of registered competency assessments in the portfolios of orthopaedic residents in the Netherlands, for whom a competency-based training programme is mandatory. DESIGN: National cohort study. METHOD: We collected data regarding the registered assessments of all orthopaedic residents who finished their training between 2012-2015. We determined the number of registered assessments of 'standard orthopaedic treatments' (evaluating residents' competency in 70 different orthopaedic treatments), objective structured clinical skills evaluations (OSCEs), critically appraised topics (CATs), and 360 degree feedback appraisals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064168/the-competencies-of-registered-nurses-working-in-care-homes-a-modified-delphi-study
#5
Miriam Ruth Stanyon, Sarah Elizabeth Goldberg, Anita Astle, Amanda Griffiths, Adam Lee Gordon
BACKGROUND: registered Nurses (RNs) working in UK care homes receive most of their training in acute hospitals. At present the role of care home nursing is underdeveloped and it is seen as a low status career. We describe here research to define core competencies for RNs working in UK care homes. METHODS: a two-stage process was adopted. A systematic literature review and focus groups with stakeholders provided an initial list of competencies. The competency list was modified over three rounds of a Delphi process with a multi-disciplinary expert panel of 28 members...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063685/dental-care-practices-and-oral-health-training-for-professional-caregivers-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-address-oral-health-disparities
#6
Richie Kohli, Sandra Nelson, Samantha Ulrich, Tony Finch, Karen Hall, Eli Schwarz
The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess and analyze the knowledge and attitudes of caregivers towards dental care for older adults in long-term care facilities; and 2) Train administrators, medical staff, and caregivers in the oral health competencies necessary to provide daily oral health care for residents of Assisted Living Communities in Oregon. Our results indicate that although the majority of caregivers felt comfortable with regard to their oral health background and daily activities, they expressed a need for additional training in several areas...
January 4, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060838/attitudes-and-readiness-of-students-of-healthcare-professions-towards-interprofessional-learning
#7
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study design was used. Two different scales were used to measure the readiness for and perception of interprofessional learning; these were the 'Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale' and the 'Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale'. A convenience sampling method was employed. The sample was drawn from undergraduate students enrolled in years 1 to 5 of medical, dental, pharmacy and health sciences programme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050944/are-future-medical-oncologists-sufficiently-trained-to-communicate-about-palliative-care-the-medical-oncology-curriculum-in-flanders-belgium
#8
M Horlait, S Van Belle, M Leys
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is considered an integral part of oncology and communicating this with patients is an unavoidable task for oncologists. This contribution investigated to what extent communication skills for communicating palliative care with patients are trained in the formal academic training program in medical oncology in Flanders, Belgium. The programme is based on the recommendations for a Global Core Curriculum in Medical Oncology, developed by The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) together with the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...
January 4, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050653/successfully-sustaining-sex-and-gender-issues-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-case-study
#9
Francisca van der Meulen, Cornelia Fluit, Mieke Albers, Roland Laan, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
Although several projects have addressed the importance of gender health issues in medical education, the sustainability of change efforts in medical education has rarely been addressed. Understanding the possible facilitators or barriers to sustainability may help to develop future interventions that are effective in maintaining gender health issues as a topic in medical curricula. The aim of this study is to provide a longitudinal evaluation of changes regarding gender health issues that occurred in the past decade and the factors that influenced this process...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#10
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033552/an-exploratory-factor-analysis-for-developing-and-validating-a-scale-of-nursing-students-competence-instrument
#11
Chun-Chih Lin, Chiung-Jung Jo Wu, Ya-Chu Hsiao, Chin-Yen Han, Chang-Chiao Hung
BACKGROUND: Nursing competency is a standard component of the nursing curriculum in baccalaureate nursing education in Taiwan. However, limited studies have been found on the development of a measurement for assessing Taiwanese baccalaureate-level nursing competency. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a Nursing Students Competence Instrument (NSCI) for Taiwanese baccalaureate-level nursing students. DESIGN: The items of this newly developed scale were derived from a previous published qualitative study by the authors...
December 18, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033165/developing-an-adapted-cardiac-rehabilitation-training-for-home-care-clinicians-patient-perspectives-clinician-knowledge-and-curriculum-overview
#12
Jodi L Feinberg, David Russell, Ana Mola, Kathryn H Bowles, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: There is limited evidence that home care clinicians receive education on the core competencies of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This article describes the development and implementation of a CR training program adapted for home care clinicians, which incorporated the viewpoints of homebound patients with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Literature and guideline reviews were performed to glean curriculum content, supplemented with themes identified among patients and clinicians...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029727/building-nurses-capacity-to-address-health-inequities-incorporating-lgbt-health-content-in-a-family-nurse-practitioner-program
#13
Charles Yingling, Karen Cotler, Tonda Hughes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this discursive paper we describe our experience in incorporating lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) health content into the family nurse practitioner curriculum at a Midwestern college of nursing in the United States. BACKGROUND: Globally, LGBT people face disparities in the domains of physical health, behavioral risks, mental health, and victimization. There remains a paucity of nursing research on most aspects of LGBT health and access to care...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#14
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024994/teaching-the-art-of-difficult-family-conversations
#15
Rita Dadiz, Michael L Spear, Erin Denney-Koelsch
CONTEXT: Difficult family conversations are a challenge for even the most seasoned clinicians. Teaching the skills of successful communication between providers, family members, and patients are a vital component of medical education. However, traditional teaching methods using didactics and expert role modeling are often inadequate. OBJECTIVES: The train-the-educator workshop aimed to teach educators how to create and conduct workshops on facilitating difficult family conversations that target their own learners' needs...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024233/a-critical-review-of-social-and-health-inequalities-in-the-nursing-curriculum
#16
REVIEW
Célia Alves Rozendo, Anna Santos Salas, Brenda Cameron
CONTEXT: Social and health inequalities are a reality around the world and one of the most important challenges in the current age. Nurse educators can respond to these challenges by incorporating curricular components to identify and intervene in social and health inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To examine how social and health inequalities have been addressed in the nursing curriculum. DESIGN: Informed by the work of Paulo Freire, a critical literature review was performed to examine how social and health inequalities have been addressed in the nursing curriculum...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#17
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018540/development-of-a-comprehensive-communication-skills-curriculum-for-pediatrics-residents
#18
Eleanor B Peterson, Kimberly A Boland, Kristina A Bryant, Tara F McKinley, Melissa B Porter, Katherine E Potter, Aaron W Calhoun
BACKGROUND : Effective communication is an essential element of medical care and a priority of medical education. Specific interventions to teach communication skills are at the discretion of individual residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We developed the Resident Communication Skills Curriculum (RCSC), a formal curriculum designed to teach trainees the communication skills essential for high-quality practice. METHODS : A multidisciplinary working group contributed to the development of the RCSC, guided by an institutional needs assessment, literature review, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011943/pediatric-residency-education-and-the-behavioral-and-mental-health-crisis-a-call-to-action
#19
Julia A McMillan, Marshall Land, Laurel K Leslie
For at least 4 decades, the need for improved pediatric residency training in behavioral and mental health has been recognized. The prevalence of behavioral and mental health conditions in children, adolescents, and young adults has increased during that period. However, as recently as 2013, 65% of pediatricians surveyed by the American Academy of Pediatrics indicated that they lacked training in recognizing and treating mental health problems. Current pediatric residency training requirements do not stipulate curricular elements or assessment requirements in behavioral and mental health, and fewer than half of pediatric residents surveyed felt that their competence in dealing with mental health problems was good to excellent...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006739/participatory-action-inquiry-using-baccalaureate-nursing-students-the-inclusion-of-integrative-health-care-modalities-in-nursing-core-curriculum
#20
Roxane Raffin Chan, Michelle Schaffrath
Nurses, nursing educators and students support the inclusion of integrative health care (IHC) into nursing core curriculum as a way to create nurses who deliver nursing care to the full extent of their scope of practice and advance evidenced based IHC. Because of the holistic nature of IHC modalities, research to investigate appropriate teaching strategies and potential efficacy of learning IHC in the baccalaureate core curriculum requires a holistic approach. Therefore a phenomenological exploration using participatory action inquiry was conducted at a large Midwestern university...
December 9, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
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