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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541234/psychiatric-specialty-training-in-greece
#1
EDITORIAL
M Margariti, V Kontaxakis, D Ploumpidis
The reform and development of psychiatric services require, in addition to financial resources, reserves in specialized human resources. The role of psychiatrists in this process, and at reducing the consequences of mental morbidity is evident. Psychiatrists are required to play a multifaceted role as clinicians, as experts in multidisciplinary team environments and as advisors in the recognition of public needs in mental health issues, as teachers and mentors for students and other health professionals, as researchers in order to enrich our knowledge in the scientific field of psychiatry, and as public health specialists in the development of the mental health services system...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#2
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532552/nephrology-education-and-continuing-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#3
REVIEW
Tushar J Vachharajani, Aminu K Bello, Rhys Evans, Gavin Dreyer, Quentin Eichbaum
Nephrology training programs in high-income countries have transitioned from an apprenticeship model to a well-structured, resource-driven model that supports continual professional development. In contrast, in low- and middle-income countries, medical training and in particular nephrology training has lagged behind owing to resource limitations. Some of the challenges to adequately provide training to health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries include shortage of teaching faculty, difficulty in developing curricula to meet regional needs, and a lack of resources to provide competency-based medical education...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528127/determining-the-effectiveness-of-an-elder-abuse-nurse-examiner-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#4
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Rebecca Yang, Shirley Solomon, Sheila Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: To pilot and evaluate a novel Elder Abuse Nurse Examiner Curriculum and its associated training materials for their efficacy in improving Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)s' knowledge of elder abuse and competence in delivering care to abused older adults. METHODS: Pilot training was held with 18 SANEs from across Ontario, Canada. A 52-item pre- and post-training questionnaire was administered that assessed participants' self-reported knowledge and perceived skills-based competence related to elder abuse care...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#5
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516799/oral-health-promotion-during-well-visits
#6
Sandra M Sanguino, Niramol Dhepyasuwan, Annamaria Church, Sharon Dabrow, Janet R Serwint, Henry H Bernstein
Training pediatric residents in Bright Futures and oral health concepts is critical to improving oral health. This study's objective was to determine the skill level of pediatric residents in integrating oral health promotion during health supervision visits of 12- to 35-month-old children. One hundred forty-three pediatric residents participated in an evaluation of the effectiveness of a Bright Futures oral health curriculum. Competencies assessed preintervention included partnership building, communication, and integration of oral health concepts...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515804/study-habits-of-canadian-urology-residents-implications-for-development-of-a-competence-by-design-curriculum
#7
Thomas A A Skinner, Louisa Ho, Naji J Touma
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the study habits of Canadian urology residents throughout their residency training. METHODS: A survey was administered to all final-year Canadian urology residents over a two-year period. Sixty-seven respondents answered a survey consisting of 54 questions scored on a 10-point Likert score. The survey addressed study habits throughout training, motivations for studying, and preferred resources used. RESULTS: Dedication to studying was directly correlated with proximity to the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) exam...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511894/incorporating-simulation-into-gynecologic-surgical-training
#8
REVIEW
Kyle Wohlrab, J Eric Jelovsek, Deborah Myers
Today's educational environment has made it more difficult to rely on the Halstedian model of 'see one, do one, teach one' in gynecologic surgical training. There is decreased surgical volume, but an increased number of surgical modalities. Fortunately, surgical simulation has evolved to fill the educational void. Whether it is through skill generalization or skill transfer, surgical simulation has shifted the learning curve from the operating room back to the classroom. This article explores the principles of surgical education and ways to introduce simulation as an adjunct to residency training...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511730/simulation-in-canadian-postgraduate-emergency-medicine-training-a-national-survey
#9
Evan Russell, Andrew Koch Hall, Carly Hagel, Andrew Petrosoniak, Jeffrey Damon Dagnone, Daniel Howes
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based education (SBE) is an important training strategy in emergency medicine (EM) postgraduate programs. This study sought to characterize the use of simulation in FRCPC-EM residency programs across Canada. METHODS: A national survey was administered to residents and knowledgeable program representatives (PRs) at all Canadian FRCPC-EM programs. Survey question themes included simulation program characteristics, the frequency of resident participation, the location and administration of SBE, institutional barriers, interprofessional involvement, content, assessment strategies, and attitudes about SBE...
May 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508802/knowledge-engineering-as-a-component-of-the-curriculum-for-medical-cybernetists
#10
Sergey Karas, Arthur Konev
According to a new state educational standard, students who have chosen medical cybernetics as their major must develop a knowledge engineering competency. Previously, in the course "Clinical cybernetics" while practicing project-based learning students were designing automated workstations for medical personnel using client-server technology. The purpose of the article is to give insight into the project of a new educational module "Knowledge engineering". Students will acquire expert knowledge by holding interviews and conducting surveys, and then they will formalize it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507369/nature-scope-and-use-of-economic-evaluation-of-healthcare-programmes-with-special-reference-to-pakistan
#11
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Farina Gul Abrejo
Economic evaluation (EE)/cost effectiveness analysis(CEA) of healthcare programmes is an emerging area, yet the resource base to apprehend EE/CEA is very limited in Pakistan. This paper attempts to fill this gap by providing a basic text in the field of EE with special reference to Pakistan. We used four dimensional criteria (available, relevant, complete and accurate) for reviewing the EE contents in the locally available textbooks and reading material on public health. We find CEA as core competency and skill of medical doctors in undergraduate medical curricula yet we could not find EE contents in the recommended textbooks...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505523/trainers-perception-of-the-learning-environment-and-student-competency-a-qualitative-investigation-of-midwifery-and-anesthesia-training-programs-in-ethiopia
#12
Sharon Kibwana, Rachel Haws, Adrienne Kols, Firew Ayalew, Young-Mi Kim, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has successfully expanded training for midwives and anesthetists in public institutions. This study explored the perceptions of trainers (instructors, clinical lab assistants and preceptors) towards the adequacy of students' learning experience and implications for achieving mastery of core competencies. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 96 trainers at 9 public universities and 17 regional health science colleges across Ethiopia were conducted to elicit their opinions about available resources, program curriculum suitability, and competence of graduating students...
May 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#13
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501116/usefulness-of-virtual-reality-in-assessment-of-medical-student-laparoscopic-skill
#14
Josh Matzke, Craig Ziegler, Kevin Martin, Stuart Crawford, Erica Sutton
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates if undergraduate medical trainees' laparoscopic skills acquisition could be assessed using a virtual reality (VR) simulator and how the resultant metrics correlate with performance of Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) tasks. Our hypothesis is that the VR simulator metrics will correlate with passing results in a competency-based curriculum (FLS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight fourth-year medical students applying for surgical residency were recruited to participate in a VR training curriculum comprised of camera navigation, hand eye coordination, and FLS tasks: circle cutting (CC), ligating loop (LL), peg transfer (PT), and intracorporeal knot tying (IKT)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498592/wpa-international-competency-based-curriculum-for-mental-health-providers-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-sexual-violence-against-women
#15
Donna E Stewart, Prabha S Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498063/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-novel-rigid-bronchoscopy-simulator
#16
Grace E Hsiung, Ben Schwab, Ellen K O'Brien, Colin D Gause, Ferdynand Hebal, Katherine A Barsness, Deborah M Rooney
PURPOSE: Emergent retrieval of airway foreign bodies (AFBs) in children remains a priority skill set for pediatric surgeons. In the setting of low procedural volume, simulation-based education with deliberate practice is essential to ensure trainees reach expected surgical competency. The purposes of this work were to (1) create a realistic rigid bronchoscopy for AFB retrieval simulation model and (2) to evaluate preliminary validity evidence of a novel simulator for the use of training and assessing pediatric surgical trainees' rigid bronchoscopy skills...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496276/using-patient-case-video-vignettes-to-improve-students-understanding-of-cross-cultural-communication
#17
Sally Arif, Brian Cryder, Jennifer Mazan, Ana Quiñones-Boex, Angelika Cyganska
Objective. To develop, implement, and assess whether simulated patient case videos improve students' understanding of and attitudes toward cross-cultural communication in health care. Design. Third-year pharmacy students (N=159) in a health care communications course participated in a one-hour lecture and two-hour workshop on the topic of cross-cultural communication. Three simulated pharmacist-patient case vignettes highlighting cross-cultural communication barriers, the role of active listening, appropriate use of medical interpreters, and useful models to overcome communication barriers were viewed and discussed in groups of 20 students during the workshop...
April 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#18
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481570/integrated-behavioral-health-training-for-primary-care-clinicians-five-lessons-learned-from-a-negative-study
#19
Matthew P Martin
INTRODUCTION: There are very few studies examining the effectiveness of integrated behavioral health training for primary care clinicians. The purpose of this article is to review the findings of a negative study examining the effectiveness of medical resident training in integrated behavioral health and offer specific ideas for future research in workforce development. METHODS: Twenty-three family medicine residents from a community-based residency program in the mid-Atlantic region completed a required rotation in which they consulted with behavioral health in primary care, observed psychotherapy, read behavioral medicine books, and received individual instruction...
May 8, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481173/sustaining-and-improving-an-international-service-learning-partnership-evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-service-delivery-model
#20
Lorna M Hayward, Li Li
BACKGROUND: International service learning (ISL) is an instructional method used by physical therapist educators in the United States (US) to prepare students for rendering culturally competent care. ISL is a faculty led student learning opportunity that includes academic instruction and community service in an international context. Research exists that explores student experiences with ISL, but studies that evaluate ISL partnerships and include global stakeholder feedback are lacking...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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