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inflammatory bowel disease chinese medicine

Shivaprasad H Venkatesha, Kamal D Moudgil
Celastrol, a triterpenoid derived from traditional Chinese medicinal plants, has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Celastrol has shown preventive/therapeutic effects in experimental models of several chronic diseases. These include, chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis), neurodegenerative disorders (e.g., Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), atherosclerosis, obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and cancer...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Liang Fei, Keshu Xu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zhikang Capsule (ZKC) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) modified from classic formulas Qi-Li-San (an ancient formula dating to Qing Dynasty) and Fu-Jin-Sheng-Ji-San (written into The Golden Mirror of Medicine). ZKC contains 14 kinds of materials and has been widely used for the clinical therapy of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) for a long time. However, the therapeutic mechanisms of ZKC are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the protective effect of ZKC on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis and explore the underlying mechanisms...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Zhiqiang Tian, Yao Liu, Bo Yang, Ji Zhang, Haiyang He, Hui Ge, Yuzhang Wu, Zigang Shen
Astragalus polysaccharide is an important bioactive component of Astragalus membranaceus, an herb used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating inflammatory bowel disease. The NOD-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. However, little is known about the role of NOD-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome in Astragalus polysaccharide-treated mice with experimental colitis. For this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that underlie the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease by Astragalus polysaccharide...
June 9, 2016: Planta Medica
Zengjie Zheng, Hailong Jiang, Yan Huang, Jie Wang, Lei Qiu, Zhenlin Hu, Xingyuan Ma, Yiming Lu
Snake has been used for centuries as a traditional Chinese medicine, especially for therapeutic treatment for inflammatory diseases; however, its mechanisms of action and active constituents remain controversial. In our study, a tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) selective binding peptide, Hydrostatin-SN1 (H-SN1), which was screened from a Hydrophis cyanocinctus venom gland T7 phage display library, was shown to exhibit significant anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo. As a TNFR1 antagonist, it reduced cytotoxicity mediated by TNF-α in L929 fibroblasts and effectively inhibited the combination between TNF-α with TNFR1 in surface plasmon resonance analysis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Xiaoping Xu, Lei Zhang, Zhaohui Liu, Yuan Pan, Dong Chen, Zhouyu Yang, Qun Deng, Xinghua Cao, Y U Sun, Zhijian Yang, Robert M Hoffman, Hong Yuan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The traditional Chinese medicine Baishaoqiwu (BSQW) has been previously used to clinically treat inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the mechanisms of it's therapeutic efficacy remain unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of BSQW on ulcerative colitis (UC) and the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway in a rat model of colitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The colitis rat model was induced by anal instillation of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)...
May 2016: In Vivo
Weidong Liu, Yang Liu, Zhi Wang, Ting Yu, Qin Lu, Hong Chen
Schisandrin B (Sch B), the most abundant dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill, possesses various biological activities, such as hepatic protection, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-cardiovascular properties. However, the effect of Sch B on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not yet known. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Sch B has protective effect against dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in a mouse model...
September 2015: Die Pharmazie
Feng-yan Yu, Shao-gang Huang, Hai-yan Zhang, Hong-gang Chi, Ying Zou, Ru-xi Lu, Xue-bao Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the intervention of baicalin on signal transduction and activating transcription factor expression of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. METHODS: Recruited were UC patients at Outpatient Department of Digestive Disease, Inpatient Department of Digestive Disease, Center for Digestive Endoscopy of College City Branch, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Southern Hospital affiliated to Southern Medical University from June 2010 to January 2011...
April 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Siu Wai Tsang, Siu Po Ip, Justin Che-Yuen Wu, Siew-Chien Ng, Ken Kin-Lam Yung, Zhao-Xiang Bian
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is generally associated with a set of debilitating symptoms including abdominal pain, tenesmus, diarrhea and bloody stool. The standard approaches for treating IBD, which are the application of pharmaceuticals, are often unsatisfactory. IBD patients may suffer from repeated relapses and even exacerbation after taking these medications. Thus, patients are increasingly seeking relief through the use of complementary and alternative medicines...
March 13, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
(no author information available yet)
The use of faeces for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases was described in 4th century Chinese medicine for the treatment of severe diarrhoea.1 More recently there has been renewed interest in this unconventional biological therapy, particularly for the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and to a lesser extent inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Faecal microbiota transplantation† (FMT) involves the introduction of enteric bacteria from the faeces of healthy donors in order to restore a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut...
December 2014: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Mark J McCann, Sarah Johnston, Kerri Reilly, Xuejing Men, Elaine J Burgess, Nigel B Perry, Nicole C Roy
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing disease. Genetic predisposition to the disease reduces an individual's capacity to respond appropriately to environmental challenges in the intestine leading to inappropriate inflammation. IBD patients often modify their diet to mitigate or reduce the severity of inflammation. Turmeric (Curcuma longa L., Zingiberaceae) has historically been used in Chinese, Hindu, and Ayurvedic medicine over several centuries to treat inflammatory disorders. To understand how turmeric may influence the consequences of a genetic predisposition to inappropriate inflammation, we used HEK293 cells to examine the in vitro capacity of turmeric extract and fractions to affect the functionality of two gene variants, solute carrier protein 22 A4 (SLC22A4, rs1050152) and interleukin-10 (IL-10, rs1800896) associated with IBD...
October 2014: Nutrients
Philip Esters, Axel Dignass
Complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) are defined as therapies that are presently not considered part of conventional medical practice. They are termed "complementary" when used in addition to conventional therapies and termed "alternative" when used instead of conventional therapies. CAM includes many different practices, for example Ayurveda, acupuncture or traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), phytotherapy, homeopathy, probiotics and dietary supplements. While some evidence of benefit exists regarding some therapies, for most of these therapeutic approaches, the therapeutic efficacy and safety have not been proven in well-designed scientific studies...
2014: Current Drug Targets
Neha Bhardwaj, Priya Katyal, Anil K Sharma
Acute inflammation is the result of a complex signal transduction pathway that protects and heals our body and is necessary for our good health and normal wellbeing. Whereas, chronic inflammation can be correlated well with the onset of a plethora of autoimmune disorders; rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus and polymyalgia, rheumatic and other diseases like asthma, inflammatory bowel diseases, cardiovascular disorders, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Also, it has been reported to be associated with the onset of various cancers...
2014: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Donghua Hu, Yuguang Wang, Zhiwu Chen, Zengchun Ma, Qing You, Xianxie Zhang, Tao Zhou, Yong Xiao, Qiande Liang, Hongling Tan, Chengrong Xiao, Xianglin Tang, Boli Zhang, Yue Gao
Artemisinin has been used to treat malaria for centuries in the context of traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study, the effects of artemisinin on pregnane X receptor (PXR)-mediated CYP3A expression and its therapeutic role in inflammatory bowel disease were investigated. LS174T cells exposed to artemisinin at various concentrations and for different periods of time were examined with respect to the specific induction of CYP3A4 and PXR mRNA expression. Transient transfection experiments showed transcriptional activation of the CYP3A4 gene through artemisinin to be PXR-dependent...
September 5, 2014: European Journal of Pharmacology
Maciej Sałaga, Hubert Zatorski, Marta Sobczak, Chunqiu Chen, Jakub Fichna
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a group of chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, mainly represented by Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the etiology of IBD is not fully understood, there is substantial evidence that immunologic, genetic, and environmental factors are the main contributors in IBD pathogenesis. Conventional therapies for IBD include anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs, such as 5-aminosalicylic acid, corticosteroids, antibiotics, and biologicals, such as anti-TNFα antibodies...
September 2014: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Suzanne Mashtoub, Bang V Hoang, Megan Vu, Kerry A Lymn, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Gordon S Howarth
Plant-sourced formulations such as Iberogast and the traditional Chinese medicine formulation, Cmed, purportedly possess anti-inflammatory and radical scavenging properties. We investigated Iberogast and Cmed, independently, for their potential to decrease the severity of the large bowel inflammatory disorder, ulcerative colitis. Sprague Dawley rats (n = 8/group) received daily 1 mL gavages (days 0-13) of water, Iberogast (100 μL/200 μL), or Cmed (10 mg/20 mg). Rats ingested 2% dextran sulfate sodium or water ad libitum for 7 days commencing on day 5...
January 2014: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Dekui Xu, Hongbo Yu, Qinggong Yu, Simeng Wu, Dongmei Liu, Yan Lin, Ying Zhang, Changqing Zheng
Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) is mainly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease in China, but previous studies demonstrated that it also shows anti‑inflammatory effects and the underlying mechanisms of these effects are not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of an injection of SM powder on the expression of transcription factor Foxp3 (Foxp3) in experimental colitis in mice. Mice were grouped and treated with SM powder for injection at the time of colonic instillation of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid...
May 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiaolong Xu, Peng Yin, Changrong Wan, Xinlu Chong, Mingjiang Liu, Peng Cheng, Jiajia Chen, Fenghua Liu, Jianqin Xu
Punicalagin (2,3,hexahydroxydiphenoyl-gallagyl-D-glucose and referred to as PUN) is a bioactive ellagitannin isolated from pomegranate, which is widely used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diarrhea, and ulcers in Chinese traditional medicine. In this study, we detected the anti-inflammation potentials of PUN in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages and tried to uncover the underlying mechanism. Results demonstrated that PUN (25, 50, or 100 μM) treatment could significantly decrease the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in RAW264...
June 2014: Inflammation
Fa-Ming Zhang, Hong-Gang Wang, Min Wang, Bo-Ta Cui, Zhi-Ning Fan, Guo-Zhong Ji
The concept of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine at least since the 4(th) century. Evidence from recent human studies strongly supports the link between intestinal bacteria and inflammatory bowel disease. We proposed that standardized FMT might be a promising rescue therapy for refractory inflammatory bowel disease. However, there were no reports of FMT used in patients with severe Crohn's disease (CD). Here, we report the successful treatment of standardized FMT as a rescue therapy for a case of refractory CD complicated with fistula, residual Barium sulfate and formation of intraperitoneal large inflammatory mass...
November 7, 2013: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jie Han, Jian Wang, Jiaoying H Wang
OBJECTIVE: This article investigates the methods of achieving deep remission of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Increasing recognition of the concept of quality of care is contributing to the evolution of treatment goals in patients with IBD from clinical response and remission (symptom control) toward deep remission. A change in the treatment goal requires a change in the treatment strategy. Optimization of conventional therapy, early treatment, use of the Lemann score, performance of double-balloon endoscopy, treatment using Traditional Chinese Medicine, and good communication between physicians and patients are needed to attain deep remission...
August 2013: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
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